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Accession No X.QeiOt i L 



Call No. 



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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Vol. VII. tfo. I. 



Los Angeles, California, July 3, 1909- 



5 Cents $I.OO a Year 



A NEW DEAL 



What the troubled machine workers 

would like i" know, and what the rot of the 
citizens calmly enjoy guessing at. is how the 

new city primaries are going t" work — not 
as a mere theory, hut practically in detail. 

We all understand ami endorse the theor) : 
it is that the people should at the first elec- 
tion say who are to he nominated as first 
ami second choice, ami then decide at a 
second election, which of the two is to he 
chosen to till the office. The plan is simple 
and apparently serviceable, but neither its 
friends nor its opponents quite agree among 
themselves just how it will work out. It is 
confessedly a good deal of an experiment. 
Direct primary laws exist in many states. 
hut they vary greatly in detail. Here there 
are local considerations of a peculiar order. 
We' are to work under a charter provision 
and there is also a state law. Has the latter 
any effect upon the former? Will the two 
work together, and if they do not. what is 
to he the effect on the party machinery? 

In any conflict between a state law and a 
local charter provision, the latter, unless it 
he fundamentally unconstitutional, prevails 
as to local affairs. A municipal election is 
undoubtedly a local affair, wherefore unless 
the Supreme Court should see fit sometime 
to take away our charter direct primary law 
entirely, it will hold as against the state 
primary law. 

Xow there is no provision whatever in 
our direct primary charter amendment for 
the holding of a party primary, and the use 
of parly designations anywhere on the 
tickets is expresslv forbidden. Plainly there 
cannot be two primaries at public expense, 
one under the state law and cue under the 
city charter. If such a plan were broached 
l which, by the way, the overlapping of dates 
makes impracticable) the court would un- 
doubtedly hold that the charter having pro- 
vided a method of domination by primary 
at public expense, no repetition of the per- 
formance is necessary or allowable. 

What then? How is this loud demand 
that we hear from the reactionary machine 
journal for a straight Republican ticket 
throughout for loyal (S. P. machine) Repub- 
licans to vote for, going to be supplied? If 
there are no primaries how can there be a 
convention, and without a convention to go 
through the motions of ratifying the nomi- 
nations of W. Parker, how can there be this 
straight Republican ticket for which great 
numbers of loyal voters are said to be hon- 
ing and honing? 

Two substitutes are under consideration: 
informal primaries; action by the cit)- cen- 
tral committee. 

The informal primary is a long step hack- 
ward, and it opens the door in troubles that 
must make even this most hardened parti- 
san, if he has a clear memory of the past. 
hesitate and draw back. Here we go back 
to the days of tissue paper ballots, stolen 
ballot boxes, repeaters carried about in big 
vans. rows, sluggings, and contesting dele- 
gations. If the party nominations and scab 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 

Published Every Saturday 

837 South Spring St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 

Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 

Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered aa second-class matter April 5, 1907, at the postofficc at 
Lol Angeles, California, under the act of Congress of March 1,1879. 



in the convention are worth anything at all, 
an informal primary might open up rifts in 
the organization that would come mighty 
unhandy when the next senatorial contest 
arrived. No, it is not to be thought of seri- 
ously. 

Endorsement of a ticket by the city cen- 
tral committee could be worked out easily, 
if the committee had enough nerve and 
lacked enough good political sense to do it; 
but as providing nutriment for the growth 
of party spirit and votes it will do about as 
well as nice fresh excelsior would to nourish 
a hungry horse. 

Rig-ht here there is a nice distinction to 
consider. 

When a number of men get together- 
like the Municipal Voters League of Chi- 
cago, which consists of seven men out of 
that vast 2,000,000 of population — and nomi- 
nates or recommends a ticket, calling it a 
Good Government or any other named 
ticket, that recommendation stands for what 
it is intrinsically worth. Everybody can see 
what there is of it. If people have no confi- 
dence in the seven, they can turn down the 
recommendation. If their confidence in 
these individuals or their experience with 
former nominations have convinced them 
that the so-called Good Government ticket 
is likely to be desirable, they will vote for 
it. So" it really "doesn't matter how many 
are making the nominations, or who chooses 
these nominators. In Chicago they are a 
close corporation, filling the vacancies them- 
selves as they occur. Great roars were, in 
the beginning, put up by the politicians over 
this fact, but the voters at large did not 
seem to be much worried. Were the nomi- 
nations really good, that was the question 
before the house. 

But when a ticket is stamned 'Regular 
Republican," it is a matter of vast impor- 
tance who does the stamping. Why? l!e- 
caitse votes are no longer asked for the 
nominees strictlv on their merit, nor on the 
personal reSDonsibility of anybody in par- 
ticular who has investigated them and found 
them go. ni. The voter is asked to give these 
nominees his support, because he belohes to 
the great national party whose local machin- 



ery lias, under the primary law of the 
been pin inti i i iperation to select them. 

In other words while the people will stand 
for an endorsement or nomination ol a 
ticket by a small coterie — a "set" if you like 
—of citizens that they know and have con 
lidence ill. they will not stand for the use 
of a party name for a ticket, unless the regu- 
lar and. legitimate machinery ni (he party 
is used for that purpose. 

If you choose to write your own name on 
a cheek that is a matter between you and 
the bank, but when you put in some other 
name, the law ami public sentiment begin 
to take notice. 

However, the outcome of the vote in the 
recall campaign showed plainly enough that 
the machine does not need a convention nor 
any open party action to poll its vote. It 
may content itself with passing the won! 
along the line before the try-out as to who 
are its favorites. ( )f the two tickets ,vith 
which we finally go into the election, one 
will probably be that of the machine ami 
the other that of the good government 
forces. The fear that the machine may cap- 
ture the whole ticket is highly chimerical. 
To accomplish that it must have an over- 
whelming majority, with its opponents ut- 
terly disorganized. Neither of these two 
conditions exists. 

Nothing is perfect and the direct primary 
has, no doubt, some form of drawback. It 
will not put the organization out of business, 
but it will make its business extra haz- 
ardous. 

* <• •{• 

SEVERAL KINDS OF FOOLISHNESS 



If it be true that the Good Government 
League of San Francisco sent out circulars 
to the voters of that city with great register 
tally numbers concealed under the stamp 
of the return envelope — and there seems to 
be no denial of the essential facts of the 
story — then we say without hesitation that 
they have been guilty of a piece of inexcus- 
able folly, and that' they deserve all the 
criticism and a good deal of the abuse that 
seems to be coming their way. 

The circular asked the voter what he 
thought of Phelan as a candidate for mayor, 
and whether he favored the continuance of 
the graft prosecution. The man who de- 
sired to send his sentiments back with his 
name signed could do so; but the man who 
tilled in the card and returned it anonymous- 
ly would be caught. The committee could 
find out his identity by taking off the stamp 
and examining the register check number. 

It was a small piece of trickery, utterly 
unworthy of a g 1 cause. We do not be- 
lieve tint the Good Government League, as 
a whole, wore in any way responsible for it. 
There was probably a small committee in 
which somebody suggested the idea, and the 
others agreed to it. only hall understanding 
Or it may have been solely the work of a 
sinele individual. 

The fact is there are some men wi o break 
into politics, particularly on the reform end 
of it, who start off with the idea that it is 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



all a game of chicanery, and that every- 
thing goes. It is a natural enough mistake, 
but a mistake just the same. There are 
tricks that go, and others that don't. It is 
not always easy to sense the distinction but 
it exists. Incidentally it might be observed 
that any kind of a trick played "by people 
who are suspected of being reformers is a 
thousand times worse than the same trick 
played by the machine. Had these circulars 
been sent out by the organization, for ex- 
ample, the reformers would have said, "Well 
isn't that just like them," and let it go at 
that. But now, on the other hand, the ma- 
chine is making the welkin roar with its 
furious denunciations of "this Russian spy 
system, this high-handed outrage, this in- 
famous infringement on the liberty of the 
individual." 

And saddest of all, many of the good 
people of San Francisco, who are first 
cousins to the bunny tribe, are beginning to 
run round in circles and jump up and down. 
A new and superior brand of fit is being 
very generally thrown. The great Joss 
Hysteria is in the ascendant. 

After all when we admit that it was a 
silly trick, a fluke of some inexperienced 
would-be politician, haven't we done 
enough ? We somehow find it difficult to 
get up an acute sympathy for the citizen 
of San Francisco who has been actually 
trapped into saying whether he thinks 
boodlers ought to be punished or not, or 
whether he would like to see Phelan run for 
mayor. It is nothing to the sufferings of 
the early martyrs. The Good Government 
League has undoubtedly hurt itself, but the 
citizenship of San Francisco will emerge 
with no very serious disfigurement. 

V "5* V 

PRIMARY LAW HOLDS 



The tender solicitude recently shown by 
the morning reactionary journal in behalf 
of the Socialists and the Prohibitionists, for 
fear they may be injured by the direct pri- 
mary law, is enough to bring tears to the 
eyes of the stoniest-hearted crocodile that 
ever swallowed a negro baby whole. Here- 
tofore we had particularly noted that paper's 
attitude toward these little people, and we 
had never heard it bestow a word softer 
than a brickbat on any one of them. The 
socialist was the same as an anarchist — 
ready to throw a bomb or drive a dirk. The 
prohibitionist was a crank and a nuisance. 

But it was these same socialists, aided and 
abetted by the prohibitionists, that recently 
brought suit to prevent the holding of try- 
out primary elections — after the form and 
manner of our own charter primary plan — 
in the city of San Francisco. The point 
of their objection to the new law is that if 
they fail to obtain either the largest number 
of votes the next to the largest number of 
votes in the try-out ballot, they are there- 
fore shut out from the final election ballot. 
This is fiercely denounced by the reaction- 
ary journal as an infringement on the sacred 
liberties of free American citizens, forget- 
ting that only a little while ago it was de- 
claring that these same free American citi- 
zens, the socialists, ought to be flung- into 
jail. 

The Supreme Court has just come 
through with a decision waving aside the 
socialist objections to . the direct primary 
law, covering all the points involved with 
such nicety and thoroughness that there is 
not much of an outlook for an assault on 
the Los Angeles charter provision. 

Does the direct primary hurt or help the 
small party? Let us see. 



The main object of existence for the small 
party is to gain converts and ultimately to 
become a large party. The socialist is ab- 
solutely certain that the day will come when 
his organization will have a majority of 
votes. Well now, under the old system of 
party primaries and party designated bal- 
lots great numbers of voters were, so to 
speak, sewed up in a bag. They voted the 
party ticket and no questions asked. The 
new law rips open -the bag and lets them 
out. Hasn't the socialist a better chance to 
win them than before — on the merit of his 
proposition and his candidates ? And he has 
two chances to pull through on the try-out 
ballot — first or second place. 

Opinions will probably differ as to 
whether it should be possible for the voter 
to write any name he chooses on the final 
ballot. Our own view is that he probably 
has the right and his vote should be counted. 
But only two names are to be printed on 
this ballot. 

It is rumored that the local body of So- 
cialists are preparing to recognize the splen- 
did but useless aid given to their cause by 
the reactionary machine journal, by pre- 
senting its editor with a small gold-plated 
section of gas-pipe filled with perfumed dy- 
namite, to be worn on the coat as a decora- 
tion. 

* * ♦ 

THE HIGH SCHOOL DILEMMA 



Eastern educational journals and some 
magazines of general circulation are dis- 
cussing the causes that have brought the 
high school into its present unsatisfactory 
condition, and there is a general disposition 
to hold the college responsible. 

The charges against the high school are : 
That children are made to work too hard ; 
that the standard for graduation has been 
hoisted too high; that much of the work 
is useless and some of it absurd; that little 
is done toward the development of charac- 
ter; that individuality is suppressed rather 
than cultivated. 

The application of these general faults 
will naturally vary with the locality, but the 
first three, at least, are fairly universal, and 
we believe that it is the experience of most 
parents of Los Angeles and neighboring 
cities that they apply here. 

Let it be said at the outset that there is 
no disposition on the part of sensible people 
to object to things in the high school curri- 
culum merely because they are "new 
fangled". Every now and again some con- 
servative educator breaks out against the 
teaching of domestic science, of sloyd, of 
the rudiments of the trades and of business. 
But the practical people, of which this com- 
munity is largely composed, are not going 
to object to the teaching of practical things, 
and to whatever extent our schools excel 
on the polytechnic side, to that extent are 
they in advance of the rest of the country, 
and to that extent are they in line with the 
spirit of the day. 

It will be conceded, however, that the high 
school has another function to perform, be- 
sides that of technical and manual education. 
The ancient academy, to which the high 
school has succeeded, or attempted to suc- 
ceed, was the center of culture for the com- 
munity, and it stimulated the intellectual 
growth and established life's ideals for great 
numbers of young people to whom a college 
education was an impossibility. 

.Does the modern high school do that? Is 
it using to the full the opoortunity that is 
given it? And is it true that there are pu- 
pils here and there on whom the burden of 



work and of nervous strain presses so heav- 
ily that the high school is a detriment rather 
than a benefit to them? And if these things 
are true, as many parents and some educa- 
tors assert, what is the underlying cause? 

In response to this last question the an- 
swer seems almost unanimous : the influence 
that is drawing our high schools away from 
their natural function is the college. This 
is especially true in states where the state 
university has come into great prominence, 
because as a government institution it is 
able to combine actual authority with its 
natural influence. 

The university looks upon the high school 
simply in the light of a feeder in spite of the 
fact that in the country at large it gets on 
the average less than 3 per cent of the out- 
put, and under the most favorable conditions 
in the most prosperous communities, not 
over 10 per cent. 

It is the aim of every high school, public 
or private, to be "accredited" to the colleges 
of its state. This means that its graduates 
are accepted into those colleges without 
examination. To accomplish this the entire 
course is bent and twisted to fit the college 
requirements, despite the fact that only a 
trifling percentage of the high school atten- 
dants need this accrediting. 

This explains the incessant raising of 
standard, for the colleges have been raising 
their stands. Each college professor tries 
to outdo his predecessors and himself in 
requiring more and more of his pupils before 
entrance, in order that he may send them 
further into the subject before graduation. 

Hence the overwork of high school chil- 
dren, hence the five years instead of four 
that is required in many cases for gradua- 
tion, hence their getting out of the high 
school aged 19 or 20 instead of 17 or 18 as 
formerly, an dgraduating from college at 23 
or 24. 

Waiving the question of whether all this 
is for the best with those who are to go to 
college, we must acknowledge it has serious 
drawbacks for those who seek . the high 
school for general culture and for prepara- 
tion for life. 

The English course, for example, when it 
has been gimcracked by college professors, 
each plastering on his own fads and no one 
taking anything off, becomes at last a thing 
to make a lover of good literature weep. 
Children of IS or 16 years are compelled to 
read and discourse upon Emerson's Essays 
and Burke's French Revolution. They must 
write odes, sonnets and masques. 

What has the college done for Latin in 
our high schools? Butchered it. Stagger- 
ing along with only a few votaries here and 
there, one of the most ancient and one of the 
most valuable agencies for general culture 
is apparently on the verge of ceasing to 
exist. Except where some especially popu^ 
lar teacher is able to overcome the handicap 
of the college requirements, the classes in 
Latin grow smaller and smaller each year, 
limited exclusively now to those who expect 
to go to college and containing with each 
term fewer of these. Higher and higher 
went the standard, more was required each 
year of the pupil, all "quantities" must he 
committed to memory and marked in exam- 
inations, long lessons in Latin prose com- 
position accompanied all translation work — 
there are items in the lone story of tears and 
headaches, until all practical usefulness has 
left the study. 

Presently we may have a local school 
board somewhere that will have the courage 
to fight it out with the university, and re- 



inding 
culture. 
♦ ♦ ♦ 

A SANE FOURTH 

What is the proper time to agitate for a 

rth of July— a celebration of the 

without any blindness, 

burnings, blowing off of fingers, dis- 

ve, and fatal bullet 

A local civic organization has 

>1 times discussed starting on a crus ide 

against lire cracker.'- and -tire works, but has 

deterred l>y the argument that it was 

unjust in destroy the value of the stocks 

acquired by storekeepers to be sold on the 

4th. As the manufacture of tire works and 

the placing of stock goes on through most 

of the year, it is difficult to determine how 

ation can be accomplished without 

touching somebody's interest. 

We are all so thi roughly imbued with the 
idea that the interests of property are j 
mount to the interests of human life, that 
we. of course, cannot venture on restrictive 
ation unless the business feature is 
carefully looked out for. 

The best time to secure a -ane 4th of July 
in Los Angeles in 1910 is right now. at the 
nest meeting of council, and any member <>[ 
that In uly who has the nerve to rise in his 
place Tuesday. |u!\ 6th, 1909, and mdve 
that the City Attorney and Chief of Police 
be instructed to prepare the necessary ordi- 
nance, will make a great hit with the 99 
[>er cent of the community that have no in- 
terest in the sale of death dealers. 

The glorious period has already opened 
with a small boy losing his eyesight from 
the explosion of a diabolical conlrivance 
known as a Roman candle. Although the 
shooting-off of things is forbidden in the 
down-town district, and although guns, pis- 
tols, bombs and cannon are prohibited, there 
\v,ill no doubt be the customary list of cas- 
ualties to wring the hearts of parents and to 
make the entire community ashamed of 
itself. The burned child dreads the fire. 
Then is the time, the very psychological 
moment — as the smarty story writers love 
to say — for somebody to spring this idea of 
a sane fourth for 1910. Get the law passed 
now; and if a future council thinks it can 
repeal the law in the interest of the fire- 
works people let it try the experiment. 

ALL IS LOST 



It is cheering to the heart to know that 
those trumpet calls to stanch Republican- 
ism, those stirring appeals for a straight or- 
ganization ticket in the coming city elec- 
tion, that appear from day to day in a morn- 
ing machine journal, are all turned out by 
an old-line Democrat. But if, in the days 
when he was a school-master — and an ex- 
cellent one at that — he had told his pupils 
that the phrase "All is lost save honor" or- 
iginated with Louis I. of France, as he tells 
the public in a recent editorial, there cer- 
tainly would have been a riot. 
* + * 

DRESS AND MORALITY 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 

- 
Thomas 1'. Watson, the second volume of 

which dea Mill that event. As 

it wa> written nine year.- ago, he ha 
course, no thought of the revival of the 
Directoire form of dress, when he penned 
the following significant line-, page 1017: 
"The austere revolutionists had frowned 

down all immodesties of dress or manner.-. 
Under the Directory, regard lor decency was 

sneered out of court. Just as the courtesans 

of the nobility had made a jest ot virtue dur- 
ing the old regime, and had rejected eongu- 

gal fidelity a- onl) tit for the wives of shop- 
keepers, - i lest dress of the Revolu- 
tion was called the "robe "f hypocrisy" by 

the women of the directorial court. Trans- 
parent robes of muslin became the rage. Ail 
i he graceful curvature of limb ami foiJll 
were seen under these gauzy coverings, 
which exposed rather than covered. Madam 
Fallien, leading the court, appeared in the 
Streets so perfectly clad after the fashion, 
that a vulgar mob of uneducated people took 
her to be naked, and they chased her off 
the sidewalk. "Begauzed nudities," as the 
butterflies of society were called, wore an 
undergarment of pink silk which closely Sif- 
ted the bod\ r and limbs, and on the thighs 
were worn bracelets studded with diamonds. 
These exposed beauties fell victims by the 
thousand — to lovers and to consumption." 
+ * + 

TAFT, DOWN TO DATE 



1 5305 I 



They call them "Directoire" — these gar- 
ments in which women advertise their fig- 
ures in public, referring of course to the 
period of the period of the Directory in 
France, just after the fall of Robespierre 
and the extreme radicals, and just before 
the rule of Napoleon. 

One of the most entertaining and enlight- 
ening books ever written on the French 



So far the country is in an attitude of 
suspended judgment on William H. Taft 
in the office of President, as it very properly 
should be with less than four months, one- 
twelfth of his entire term, completed. Not 
but that we had already made up our minds 
about Roosevelt at the end of four months. 
But then Teddy was different, and besides 
we already knew about him. 

It did not seem so very much of a gamble, 
what sort ' of a President Mr. Taft would 
make. We knew he had been an excellent 
judge, a highly efficient cabinet officer and 
a good all-round clean-up man to send to 
a point where there was trouble. He was 
the first President we have ever had who 
seemed to be specially trained for the job, 
and he was warmly recommended to us by a 
man in whose sincerity we. had every con- 
fidence. To be sure we had not unlimited 
confidence in Teddy's judgment of men. 
He had an unfortunate habit of picking up 
favorites and pushing them forward reck- 
lessly into all sorts of places, and the people 
were not always able to follow him in his 
extreme likes and dislikes. 

However, we took Taft partly on the 
Roosevelt say-so, partly because we liked 
his looks, and partly because we are coming 
to believe, as a nation, in the doctrine of 
trained efficiency as applied to all positions, 
even the ones that in the past were regarded 
as purely political. 

If we are due for a disappointment, it 
will come with the severest shock the Amer- 
ican people have been called upon to endure, 
since Buchanan soured on their hands. 

To lie quite frank about it, the record up 
to date is very far from reassuring. But these 
various happenings may be mere chance- or 
coincidences, and presently something may 
occur that will wipe them all off and leave 
a large balance on the other side. 

The cabinet had some good spots and 
some not c o gcod. The fact that it is al- 
most unanimously made up of lawyers 
seems to confirm the theory that we are to 
have an administration in which law and 



denl will probably -a\ the ' 

as the) . the last. 

Mr. Garfield binel 

begin- his career b) quietl) thro 

to entrj about a rail 

land which had been held back undl 

Roosevelt administration because it covered 
available water power sites. Mr. Ballinger 

failed to take the public into his confii 
in tin- course, ami a number of 
losl befi ire the change in i i dis- 

i n en d. \\ hen President ITafl •■ a apj 
to b) an indignant pie-.- an.l public to put 
a Stop to this spoliation by the corporations 

that had already— before Mr. Garfield with- 
drew the lands — secured many of the mosl 
valuable sites, he yielded, and the land- were 
again withdrawn. It seems almost incred 
ible that a cabinet officer should have taken 
such a step without consulting the Presi- 
dent, 

The offer of a federal judgsbip and later 
of the mission to China to ex-Senator Fulton 
is something to make the judicious grieve. 
and with this must be classed the endearing 
reference in public speeches to "my dear 
friend, old Uncle Joe Cannon." We expect 
President Taft to keep the peace with the 
Speaker of the Hous-e even with a man like 
Cannon, but he does not need to make love 
to him. 

And now the Progressives in the Senate 
are turning bitterly upon the President, be- 
cause he interfered, at a critical moment, 
when the passage of an income tax amend- 
ment to the tariff bill seemed certain, with 
a message on that subject which blasted 
their hopes. Although his campaign was 
made on the distinct policy of a "revision 
downwards," the Progressives declare they 
have received neither aid nor comfort from 
him in their effort to defeat the Aldrich plan 
for higher tariffs, and that when he might 
have saved them, he dealt instead a stagger- 
ing blow. 

To all these criticisms there are, no doubt. 
answers and a great many counter consider- 
ations. No President will satisfy all of us 
all the time. A general average must be 
struck. 

However, within a very short time now, 
Mr. Taft must answer yes or no to one of 
the most important questions that will be 
put to him through the entire four years. 
The Aldrich program will carry and will be 
embodied in a bill that will have the neces- 
sary votes to go through both bouses. It 
will then be up to President Taft to say 
whether it shall be a law or not, for it caii 
never get through over his veto. 

It must be confessed that it does not lo 
much like a veto. The President is not the 
type of officer who acts without warning, 
and evidently Aldrich is not expecting 
trouble from that quarter. 

But if he fails to veto it, millions of peo- 
ple in this country will suddenly change 
their view of W. H. Taft. 
* * * 

ALWAYS SOMETHING ELSE 



"IT TS always something else," says Gov- 
ernor Folk of Missouri. "When you are 
doing; one thing, they always try to dis- 
credit what you are doing by saying, 'Why 
don't you do this, or that' — not with a view- 
to having this or that done, but in an effort 
to bring discredit upon wdiat is being ,l IM 
That also is a part of the history of i 
prosecution of corruptionists." 

The same tactics are used to ward off any 
kind of reform that chances to interfere with 
established privileges. When a civic organi- 
zation or a progressive newspaper under- 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



takes to remedy, some existing evil, all the 
interests back of the evil and all their friends 
cry out, "Why, what are you wasting time 
on that for when things that are so much 
worse are allowed to exist." If you seek to 
recall a mayor the cry is raised, "Why not 
recall the council ; they are worse." If you 
get after the garbage contractors, they call 
your attention to the shortcomings of the 
people who do paving. 

There was a time when this game could 
be worked with fair success to confuse the 
public and to embarrass those who were 
striving for better things. But that day 
is very nearly over. The percentage of the 
gullible grows steadily smaller. 
♦ ♦ » 

A CENTURY AND A QUARTER 



SIX GREAT events mark the pivotal 
points in the history of Los Angeles through 
the first 130 years of its existence. 

1st. Its founding, 1781. 

2nd. It becomes American, 1847. 

3rd. The railroad connects it with the 
East, 1876. 

4th. The government begins the outer 
harbor, 1899. 

5th. The aqueduct, 1906. 

6th. Annexation of the harbor, 1909. 

There is one other great event that can- 
not be located in any one year; it is the 
adoption by the city of changes in its or- 
ganic law that make its government respon- 
sive to the popular will and free it from 
corporate control. 

* * * 

A QUEER LAW 



The state of New York is guilty of a law 
limiting the amount of business that may 
be written by any one life insurance com- 
pany to $150,000,000 per year. This is a 
form of legislation that one hears advocated 
now and then by half-baked enthusiasts of 
the populistic type, but it is incredible that 
it should emanate from the wealthiest state 
of the Union as a finished product of law. 
As a result of this absurd requirement the 
great companies will be compelled to reduce 
their plants, discharge men and close in on 
business to keep within the limit. 
* * * 

WE MUST KEEP FRIES 



While the fight to keep Captain Fries in 
his present position should be maintained 
to a further point of protest, and the first 
refusal should not be regarded as final, 
nevertheless it behooves the people of this 
community to consider steps for retaining 
him here in the employ of the city, or city 
and county, in the event that our plea to 
the Department is finally disregarded. With 
$10,000,000 of harbor projects in view' Los 
Angeles needs Captain Fries. 
♦ ♦■ ♦ 

CITY HALL SUMMARY 



The attention of the readers of the Pacific 
Outlook is especially called to the page 
wherein is presented a carefully prepared 
and indexed summary of the week's work 
at the City Hall. This covers not only coun- 
cil and board of public works, but ail the 
various departments as well. Instead of be- 
ing thrown together in disorder, or pre- 
sented by its place of origin, the items are 
arranged by streets, in the case of improve- 
ments, or by topics, if general action. 

This summary, we believe, will be of 
great value to every property-owner, every 
dealer in real estate and every citizen who 



is interested directly or indirectly in the de- 
velopment of Los Angeles. To get its full 
value the subscriber should procure a file 
and keep his copies of the Outlook within 
easy reach for reference. By this process he 
can always determine the exact status of 
matters he is especially interested in. 

Pacific Outlook frankly wishes to become 
indispensable to the good citizen. What he 
needs and desires most of all is knowledge 
of civic affairs. We shall undertake to sup- 
ply that even down to the small details of 
daily work, believing that we may thereby 
give most effectual aid to the cause of good 
government, and at the same time put this 
periodical into the hands of the widest pos- 
sible circle of readers and friends. 
+ * * 

A FAVOR 

Pacific Outlook has run out of copies of 
the issue of June 5th, and, by an accident, 
has failed to reserve any for. its files. If a 
dozen or so of our readers are disposed to 
do iis a favor, they will mail us copies for 
which — though we hate to admit it — we sus- 
pect they have no particular use. 
♦ ♦.+ 

PRESS COMMENTS 



Congress opposes itself as a near actual 
obstacle to the resumption of industry at 
full tide. The country cannot afford the 
luxury. Senator Gallinger says that the 
congressional tariff "hot air" is costing the 
country about $10,000,000 a day, and he, 
perhaps, does not overestimate the loss. — 
Atlanta Constitution. 



How fleeting is fame ! A newspaper re- 
fers to Judge Alton B. Parker as a former 
candidate for Congress. — Washington Post. 



What with keeping a refrigerator full and 
the pail underneath it empty, man has his 
troubles. — Detroit Free Press. 



Don't be too severe on him. The yearly 
jokes about the college graduate form one 
of the largest and most reliable of crops, 
but why forget that vanity seldom disap- 
pears with age? Those who have had the 
advantage of 20 or 40 years of conflicts still 
admire themselves. Vanity is among tjie 
most difficult traits to understand. It 
might be supposed that even a limited in- 
tellect would appear to itself a pathetic 
atom in a mighty universe : yet self-admira- 
tion exists, and occasionally even in super- 
ior form. Go easy, therefore, on the grad- 
uate. Youth is often out of focus, but that 
lack of perspective is not peculiar to- our 
early years. If one is ever conceited, is 
he not likely to remain conceited to the 
end ? — Colliers Weekly. 



The picture of Grover Cleveland on the 
new $20 bills will go far toward reconciling 
Mr. Bryan to the use of gold as a currency 
medium. — Rochester Democrat and Chron- 
icle. 

* * * 

Reno Divorce Emporium 

Reno is becoming the Sioux Falls of the West. 
Divorces are about as easily plucked in Nevada 
these days as flowers in May. There is a flourish- 
ing divorce colony at Reno where the galling 
yokes are laid off without much ado or much 
waiting. Ere long it may be supposed that social 
castes will be established among the would-be 
separated and even matrimonial agencies among 
the more impressionable, so that new matches 
may be contracted while they wait to have the 
old matches broken up. 

A job lot of actresses of greater or lesser repu- 
tation are at Reno taking the misfit marriage 



cure. Any number of new-rich, who have an off- 
again-on-again-gone-again idea of the marriage 
relation, have congregated to Nevada's divorce- 
opolis. 

Few states still have disgraceful divorce laws. 
Nevada leads these few at present. — Pasadena 
Star. 



A Business Proposition 

The conduct of the Ideal Mondern City, says 
Harlan P. Kelsey, is essentially and finally a busi- 
ness proposition; where the health, comfort and 
pleasure of each citizen is considered a tangible 
asset equally with the tax levy; where all munici- 
pal functions are adjusted to operate harmonious- 
ly; where the costly and disheartening regime of 
the incompetent, self-seeking politician is ban- 
ished; and where service, as an honor and a duty, 
is assumed by- the ablest and best citizen. — Citi- 
zens Bulletin, Cincinnati. 



Free Institutions Cannot Exist Without Political 
Equality 

Congressman Willard P. Borland, of Kansas 
City, truly says: "Self government and free in- 
stitutions cannot exist without political equality. 
The demand for equality and justice and the fight 
against special privilege and governmental favors 
has been the guide and compass, not only of our 
party, but of all movements for free government 
from the very dawn of history. Men must either 
govern themselves, by the exercise of moderation 
and justice or they must be governed by others 
without their consent." That is why the principle 
of self-government of cities is making such great 
headway in this country. — Oakland Enquirer. 



Buying Off the Undesirables 

The brokerage firm which as a matter of econo- 
my paid one of the partners $12,000 a year to keep 
away from the office adopted a policy which might 
be imitated to advantage by some cities. — New 
York World. 

A Never Failing Supply 

The fond husband was seeing his wife off with 
the children for their vacation in the country. As 
she got into the train, he said, "But, my dear, 
won't you take some fiction to read : ?" 

"Oo, no!" she responded sweetly, "I shall de- 
pend upon your letters from home." — London 
Tatler. 



=<^ E /sT^= 



So.Broadway i *&$S^j&& i * So. Hill Street 
A. PUSENOT CO. 

HYGIENIC 
BEDDING 



£js8!si|F YOU are anticipating the 
replenishing of your supply of 
bedding before Elks' Week, a 
visit to our new bedding de- 
partment on the second floor would be 
very profitable. 

Note the Following: 

$12.00 Nemo Felt Mattresses at each.. $8.00 

F'eather Pillows; Live Geese feathers. 
Size 2'/ 2 pounds, at each $2.00 

Fancy Plaid Blankets, 11-4 size, at pair.$2.00 

Bed Comfortables, Silkoline covered. 



Size 6x7 feet, at each. 



.$1.50 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



J& 



The Organization and The Charter Direct Primary 

An Interview Wiih D. C. McGarvin, Esq , Chairman of the 
Republican City Central Committee. 



JZ? 



the 
chance to present its case 
whenever it i- willing to talk to the public. 
A representative of tins paper called i n Mr. 
McGarvin, who is one of the local Southern 
Pacific attorneys, and is also a prominent 
official in the Republican organization, and 
him to present his views on the city 
charter direct primary provision, it- rela- 
tion t.. the State law, the attitude of the or- 
ganization toward it, and his opinion of its 
practical working. 

"'rite machine, the push, or whatever \ "ii 
prefer to call the regular party organiza- 
tion," said Mr. McGarvin to our representa- 
tive, "will do well to act at the ci ming cit\ 
election tinder the charter provisions re- 
garding the direct primaries, and ignore the 
state law providing for parly conventions. 
This is merely my private opinion for I do 
not know yet what i,- going to lie done b) 
the party." 

"If a convention should be called," he- 
continued, "it would lie merely advisory, in 
case action under the charter provision for 
.direct primaries should not he found defec- 
tive. But it might be a good idea to have 
some alternative ready. If a convention 
had been held, the candidates would have 
presented their certificates to the City Clerk, 
who would have rejected them. Hut these 
candidates would be in a position to pre- 
sent their certificates anew, because they 
would have been nominated in due form un- 
der the State law. 

"But the question arises of the holding of 
two primaries, in taking any such precau- 
tionary measures, and I don't know just 
how that would work out without further 
study. 

"However, there is probably no need to 
worry, for I' haven't any doubt of the sound- 
ness of the charter provision for. direct pri- 
maries. It will work all right. The nat- 
ural thing for the party organization to do 
would be to get the ticket it wants by pro- 
ceeding under the charter. If a conven- 
tion were called in perfectly regular way 
and a regular ticket put up, the ticket 
would be nothing more than notice of what 
the party organization wanted. It wouldn't 
insure election. Look at Dr. Lindley, the 
regular Republican nominee; wasn't he de- 
feated by the so-called good government 
forces in the third, fourth and fifth wards, 
the strongest Republican wards in the city? 

"The central committee might endorse a 
set of candidates perhaps, as far as the pos- 
sibility of the thing goes, but I don't see 
what good it would do, any more than the 
convention. I don't know whether either 
of these plans is contemplated. There is 
plenty of time yet, and whether the party 
organizations have plans as yet or not, is 
no vital matter. They could change them, 
for there is no hurry. I personally would 
proceed under the charter if I were run- 
ning it. It is just about as easy to pull to- 
gether that way as under the State law. 
The opposition think it would prevent par- 
tisanship and the leadership of a boss, and 
that is what they were after. They may 
think differently after it Ins been tried. 

"But they have, by obtaining the direct 
primary provision, forced a situation which 
they pretend to be diametrically opposed to. 
They have forced a sort of bossism. to use 
their own phraseology. 



"Under the law the two candidate- re- 
ceiving the highest votes at the primaries 
are the only one- whose names ate placed 

on the ballots at the election. |\n one ol 

these two the voter must cast his ba 

lie has i ption. Now. the average voter 

doesn't know anything about politics, and 

requires the leadership of -, me person who 

And it will be quite natural for the 
tiled 1" SS to direct the voters under the 
charter provision as before. The result, as 
1 -aid. is going to be just what the opposi- 
tion claim they are trying to avoid. 

"For instance; here's a man who is run- 
ning for mayor. He wants some person's 
support, the support of some influential 
man who can help him along by throwing 
his influence in his favor. He goes to such 
a person and asks his backing during the 
campaign. The other fellow agrees to help 
him, hut he agrees to it only on condition 
thai the friends of the candidate for mayor 
will actively support a favorite of his own 
for city attorney. 

"Thus the supporters of the man out for 
mayor virtually work under the leadership 
of the person to whom that candidate ap- 
peals to make his fight, and who is already 
making the fight of a candidate for city 
attorney. Here then are the beginning- of 
a ticket and the beginnings of a boss. The 
rest you can easily figure out for yourself,' 
for it is plain enough that other candidates 
will seek the aid of the person who has the 
mayoralty and attorneyship candidates in 
charge, and he can thus make an additional 
deal in regard to other friends of his. 

"So there you have a ticket, just as real 
a ticket as if nominated by a convention in 
the old way. The leader who has evolved 
out of the backer of the mayoralty candi- 
date or some other candidate concentrates 
.his efforts along some particular line, and is 
in fact a party boss, though he isn't called 
that. 

"Now the ease of 'getting together' is 
greater when you have the candidates sim- 
mered down to only two, as will happen 
this year; the work of the boss (I use this 
term because it seems most readily under- 
stood as a synonym for political leader) 
will be easier a good deal than under the 
party system, where there are many parties 
in the field, all separately organized and 
each with its own field forces. It isn't so 
easy to pull them together under those con- 
ditions. 

"To a certain extent I believe in non- 
partisanship, if the public were educated in 
citizenship. But the average man doesn't 
think of politics, doesn't understand the 
situation, and needs a guide. There are 
plenty of illustrations of that fact. For in- 
stance, the very same people who voted for 
the councilmen-at-large amendment voted 
also for a reduction of salaries of officials, 
when their own argument had been that you 
can't get good men without better salaries. 
Was that consistent or intelligent? 

"Again, they made a loud clamor about 
street railway franchises, and thev alleged 
usurpations of the people's rights and prop- 
erty; and yet they voted down the 35-year 
franchise amendment. That was just what 
the companies wanted, if the voters would 
know if they would only use some intelli- 



gence in thinking about ter. The 

Companies m w in-tailed have i i. 
lloated their bonds and settled down com- 
fortably. They need no lengthening of the 

franchise-term because the) have no com 

petitors. They bad rather have 

short because i1 will discourage competi- 
tion. Now I say that it .-how- a lack of 
education not to see that. 

"Here's another example: the people 
voted the river-bed charter provision, mak- 
ing its use for railway purposes impos 
Now they didn't stop to consider that the 
tiver-bed is the only way into town for an- 
other competing line, and there will he a 
popular demand for another line some day, 
with no inducement to offer to one. No 
such line need be looked for if it has to buy 
a right of way. 

"These are illustrations of a lack of poli- 
tical education in the mass of the voters. 
It shows how necessary party organization 
is, for defining policies and selecting suitable 
men to execute them. 

"Party tickets are safe enough as it is; 
but they would he safer with an absolute 
party dictator, if that were possible. Sup- 
pose you have a legislative district which 
overlaps a super.visoral district in. say, the 
seventh ward. The consequence is a trad- 
ing between the two principal parties. An 
absolute dictator could prevent such trad- 
ing. 

"And he could pick good men for office 
much more satisfactorily than a committee 
of reformers can, because a man thus se- 
lected would not have his motives attacked 
so fiercely, while the other man is sure to 
undergo that attack. -One of the hardest 
things to do in politics is to get good men 
to run. They say they can't afford it and 
allege various reasons, but they are all 
pretty sure to fear that their motives would 
be misunderstood, and of that they seem 
to have a great dread. 

"Anyhow if such men won't risk a little 
misunderstanding of their own motives, 
they ought not to suspect other people's 
motives so habitually. 

"If everything in politics were laid open 
to inspection it would be better for every- 
body. The corporations, particularly the 
railways, are suspected of a great many 
mix-ups in local and general politics that 
do not occur at all. As a personal instance, 
think of the variety Of conclusions drawn 
from my appearing for Mayor Harper and 
withdrawing his candidacy at the recent 
election. As a matter of fact there was 
nothing in this in the slightest way con- 
nected with corporations, corporate influ- 
ence or interest. I was retained by private 
persons who wished Harper removed from 
office. 

"The public is not against corporations 
but against secrecy, and I think it would 
greatly alleviate the friction and clear the 
air if the public utilities corporations would 
take the public into their confidence. The 
public would find they had been scared by 
a bugaboo. They are always suspecting, 
for instance, the existence of working agree- 
ments between supposedly competing roads 
Well, the only working agreement 1 know 
of in this city is a joint pole agreement by 
which the number of poles is diminished. 
I don't believe there is any agreement even 
as to .territory." 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




An ounce of referendum is better than a 

pound of regrets. 

.;. .j »t. 

The Municipal League sent strong tele- 
grams to Senator Flint and to the Secretary 
of War urging the retention of Captain 
Fries in his present place. 

* + + 

Leo F. McCulloug.h, president of the Bos- 
ton Common Council, has just been sen- 
tenced to two years hard labor in the peni- 
tentiary. George H. Beltran, an alderman, 
got three years in the house of correction. 
+ * * 

Among the measures that were voted 
upon by the people at the recent election in 
Portland, one that carried was a require- 
ment that the holders of franchises must 
file quarterly reports of their financial af- 
fairs with the city. 

* ♦ ♦ 

Ocean Park and Santa Monica will both 
vote on August 5 to decide whether to con- 
solidate. The voters in Ocean Park op- 
posed to Santa Monica's closing of saloons 
on Sunday, will be the element most likely 
to prevent consolidation. 
♦. ♦ ♦ 

The Police Commission objects to the 
practice of shaking dice for cigars at the 
stands, on the ground that it teaches young 
men to gamble. They pass a resolution ask- 
ing Council to forbid the practice by ordi- 
nance. Council refuses to act. You see it 
would "hurt business". 

* * * 

We are accustomed to think of Paris as 
a finished city, and yet it is just planning to 
issue $160,000,000 in bonds to pay for an 
extensive system of improvements, partly 
for beautifying the city and partly for im- 
proving its sanitary conditions to the high- 
est possible standard. 

* * <■ 

The state highway commissioner of 
Massachusetts declares that it will take 
$700,000 to repair the injury wrought by 
automobiles this year on the new macadam 
roads of that state. The swift passage of 
the machine sucks out the binder. We are 
spending $3,500,000 to construct macadam 
roads in this county, with no provision for 
maintenance. 

San Francisco's bond propositions were all 
defeated except that of $600,000 for a Poly- 
technic High School. A two-thirds majority 
is required to validate bonded indebtedness. 
Every project presented got a majority vote. 
The Civic Center project made the poorest 
run, and the establishment of the Geary 
street line as a municipal enterprise very 
nearly pulled through. It is to be presented 
in changed form next fall. 

* * * 

The Civic League of St. Louis, which is 
the leading municipal organization in that 
city, has put forth a plan for a new city 
charter. It provides for a referendum, but 
excludes the initiative and recall. Of the 
latter the committee's report says that in 
times of popular agitation it cannot be relied 
upon to be wisely exercised, and that it 
would tend to lessen the feeling of responsi- 
bility for elections. Our St. Louis friends 
have something yet to. learn. 



An official of the Pacific Electric has de- 
clared against pennies, instructing the con- 
ductors of his division not to accept them. 
He says that the use of the penny shows a 
leaning toward cheapness in a community, 
and that it may lead up to a demand for a 
three-cent fare. Thrifty people and finan- 
ciers will not agree with him in scorning 
the penny. No community begins to save 
money until it makes the penny the basis 
of its commercial system. 

* * * 

Mayor Johnson of Cleveland has tackled 
the 3-cent carfare fight again, this time at 
a new angle. He says that heretofore he 
has made the mistake of showing great con- 
sideration towards the existing corporations, 
and that as a result the city has been be- 
trayed, "gentlemen's agreements" have been 
broken, and treachery and bad faith has sig- 
nalized the whole procedure on the railway 
side. Now he proposes a finish fight with 
no quarter for anybody. This sounds in- 
teresting. 

*> * + 

By overlooking an immaterial flaw in a 
bid on Section 3, South Los Angeles Sewer, 
the city saved $4,929.17. D. M. Leary de- 
posited $3,300 instead of $3,314.90 in mak- 
ing his bid, which was the lowest ; on re- 
ferring the matter to the City Attorney, he 
ruled that the discrepancy of $14.90 would 
not prevent the city from preferring this bid 
to the next lowest, and- the bid was there- 
fore accepted by the Board of Public Works. 
That sounds in cheerful contrast with the 
red tape which often defeats the spirit of the 
ordinances. 

+ 4" * 

There seems to be now no serious opposi- 
tion in council to the appointment of a pub- 
lic utilities commission, after the plan out- 
lined a year ago by the Municipal League. 
The details will probably be jworked out in 
the framing of the ordinance by the city at- 
torney. The most important detail of all 
is to provide the funds necessary to employ 
some expert help. The member from the 
Eighth declared himself against the commis- 
sion plan on the ground that it was the 
duty of the Council to make the investiga- 
tion. This is a roundabout way of saying 
that no investigation should be made. 

♦ + * 

Those who indiscriminately suspect city 
officials of neglecting as much work as pos- 
sible, ought to note it when they do more 
than the law calls for, in the endeavor to 
save trouble to the city and to citizens. For 
instance, the law pertaining to the opening 
and widening of streets requires only pub- 
lication of the notice, for ten consecutive 
days; it does not require any notification 
of individual property owner's who would 
be affected. If nothing were done to wake 
up the owners except publish a notice for 
ten days in the Journal, which reaches com- 
paratively few property holders, about 
ninety per cent of the property affected by 
the proceeding would be sold for non-pay- 
ment of assessment. Such is the estimate 
of the men in charge of that work. But 
Col. Schreiber, after starting the publication 
in the Journal, tries to reach the owners 
through the- mail. Thirty days, the time al- 
lowed by law, run away pretty fast, and 
sometimes the owners are not located until 



the last day is dangerously close, fo»in the 
course of the years during which the pro- 
ceeding slowly reaches the assessment stage, 
there are often several transfers of title. 
Sometimes the colonel goes to the property, 
reads the "for sale" sign and gets at the 
owner through a real estate agent ; other 
ways are used when the postoffice and the 
agent fail, with the final result that instead 
of ninety per cent of delinquents, there are 
usually very few ; the consequent sa-ving to 
property holders is a substantial sum. 

* + * 

In its literature the Municipal League of 
Los Angeles has always referred to Balti- 
more as being, next to Cleveland, the best 
managed large municipality in the United 
States. Recently Baltimore and New York 
simultaneously put out issues of bonds in 
the same amount ($1,500,000) and with the 
same interest and the same conditions at- 
tached, the New York bends brought 100.71 
in the open market, wliile the Baltimore is- 
sue on the same day brought 105.177. Thus 
Baltimore drew down a premium of $77,655 
where New York got only $10,650. Soifie 
years ago Baltimore got tired of playing 
politics and began electing men to office on 
their merit. No, it isn't perfect; but it is 
vastly better than the average American 
city. 

+ * + 

The Los -Angeles Housing Commission 
is feeling especially pleased and rewarded 
at the betterment of the poorer people 
tli rough the personal interest of Mr. A. G. 
Nells, manager of the Santa Fe Railroad 
Company, whose courts used by the com- 
pany as habitations for Mexican laborers 
are to be promptly improved to comply 
with the House Court Ordinance, and also 
the construction of a new court of forty hab- 
itations to be immediately erected. By a 
gift of $5 from the First Congregational 
Bible Class to the Housing Commission, 
eighty yards of mosquito netting was pro- 
cured and used at the doors and windows of 
twenty-six habitations in two railroad 
courts where conditions were very bad be- 
cause of the flies. 

* * * 

Consolidation elections are fixed to occur 
early in August: that with Wilmington on 
the 4th and that with San Pedro on the 12th. 
When the matter was before Council for 
consideration a highly unseemly and unne- 
cessary contest took place, as to which of 
the harbor towns should be given prece- 
dence. It was, as a matter of fact, of very 
little importance which election should oc- 
cur first, but as the Consolidation Commis- 
sion had recommended Wilmington, Council 
did wisely in adhering to that program. 

The attack made by Joseph Call, Esq., 
who appeared for the people of San Pedro, 
on the authority and the sincerity of the 
Consolidation Commission was as unjust as 
it was tactless. Mr. Call is a vehement 
anti-corporation fighter, who has at times 
rendered the people's cause good service. 
His work in recovering public lands confis- 
cated by the railroads is worthy of grateful 
remembrance. But of late he has acquired 
the chip-in-his-shoulder habit, and he seems 
to think that a perfect demonstration of his 
own sincerity can be most easily achieved 
by casting doubts on the sincerity of others. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



lan, who is back 

- that the method >>i deti 
identity oi criminals by finger prints is meet- 
ing \\ uli gi jhout the i 
and hi introduce it here. This 

- illustration of how even the best 
kiml of a n i> compelled to await 
its time. "Puddinhead Wilsoff", by Mark 
Twain, was first published in the Century 

nic about 1887. The chief feature of 
■ rv. and of the ]>la\ which was founded 
on the story and which achieved great pop- 
ularity, was the use of thumb prints to 
prove identity. Nearly every newspaper in 
the country commented on the scheme at 
the time, but it is only in the past year or 
two that the police and the hanks have be- 
gun to make practical use of it. More than 
twenty years of waiting before some "crank 
reformer" ventured to try it on. 
* ♦ ♦ 

Napoleon was wont to say, "An army 
travels on its belly." Similarly it may lie 
said of any sreat enterprise — like the aque- 
duct — that the matter of the proper feed- 
ing of the men employed is not a mere detail 
iv >r a side issue, but a question of prime im- 
portance—in the same class with financing 
and engineering. There are always grum- 
blers at every mess, but when they are in 
the majority, or make up a large minority — 
ins now to be the case on the aque- 
duct — and when the complaints are mainly 
on bad cooking and unsanitary kitchens, the 
problem is one that calls for serious con- 
sideration and persistent work. 

The people of Los Angeles have entire 
confidence in Mr. Mulholland and in the 
Public Works Board, but they have not yet 
been enlightened as to the reason why il 
should be necessary to make a food contract 
that compels the collection of subsistence 
charges from men who board themselves. 
Explanations rendered thus far seem inade- 
quate. But if such a contract is necessary 
and has been made, then it rests with the 
aqueduct authorities to make sure that the 
food is properly prepared in kitchens that 
are thoroughly sanitary. 

* * * 
The playgrounds of the city have planned 
a unique allegorical float to participate in 
the Elks' parade on July 16th. It will rep- 
resent a miniature playground with some 
of the playground activities. There will be 
block building, basket weaving, see-saws, 
sand piles, swings, beanbags, chutes, sew- 
ing, story-telling, etc. There will be chil- 
dren swinging from the limb of a tree on 
the float. The children will wear beautiful 
garlands of flowers. The float will be decor- 
ated in an artistic manner by the playground 
workers. AYells-Fargo Co. will furnish four 
magnificent black horses to draw the "play- 
ground". There will be twelve outriders 
mounted on Shetland ponies carrying lances 
and banners. Five ponies have been pro- 
vided and it is desired that anyone having a 
pony will report to the playground superin- 
tendent at city hall at once and enter their 
name. The playground boys and girls hope 
to secure one of the prizes offered for a fine 
display. The playground band and drug 
and bugle corps will furnish music. 

At a meeting of the playground commis- 
sion it was decided to open the Vacation 
Playgrounds on July 6th. These will be 
located at Utah Street School, Fourteenth 
Street School, Castelar Street School, New 
Macy Street School, San Pedro Street 
School and Thirtieth Street School. The 
regular playgrounds will he at Violet and 
Mateo Streets, Echo Park, Slauson an J 



Compton Avenues and Hazard east of the 
Count) Hospital besides the Recreation 

tenter at i lolly and North Main Sir 
All the playgrounds will be under the super- 
i | trained workers, apparatus is being 

installed, baths will be furnished and manj 
interesting things are being arranged for 
(he city's boys and girls. Los Angeles is 
becoming famous for its municipal play- 
grounds. 

+ ♦ + 

The refusal of Kamish & Marsh to agree 
to the specifications for street sprinkling 

resulted in re-advertising for bids. An g 

points in the specifications objected to is 
that of the model of wagon. Raniish & 
Marsh would like to use the perpendicular 
tanks of winch they have a good many; 
ami yet the horizontal tank is the type now 
being manufactured by Studebaker and 
other standard companies. There are six 
and one-half inches in favor of the center 
of gravity of the horizontal lank, but much 
that is saved in topheaviness is lost in 
water-pressure. The advocates of the old- 
style, vertical tank claim that the horizontal 
pattern won't do on sloping ground, be- 
cause the water-level is too low and the 
strain from movement of the water is hard 
on both wagon and horses ; but this diffi- 
culty, it is answered, is not encountered 
with serious frequency in places where a 
half-empty tank must be used, and anyhow 
it is intended to put an end to sprinkling 
such slopes by oiling them. The pull is 
about the same in both types of wagon. It 
has been suggested that the only point in 
which the horizontal type seems not to be 
the superior one — the down-hill slope prob- 
lem — will be eliminated by adding a forcing 
attachment, shown in the manufacturers' 
latest catalogues. The main issue seems of 
course to be that sprinkling wagons cost 
lots of money and it won't do to change the 
type every little while. 

+ ♦ '♦ 

Marvelous 

"More than five thousand elephants a year go 
to make piano keys," remarked the student board- 
er who had been reading the scientific notes in a 
patent-medicine almanac. "For the land's sake!" 
exclaimed the landlady. "Ain't it wonderful what 
some animals can be trained to do?" — Chicago 
News. 



A Distinction 

Some one asked Max Nordau to define the dif- 
ference between genius and insanity. "Well," said 
the author of "Degeneration," "the lunatic is, at 
least, sure of his board and clothes." — Argonaut. 



Of Course Not 

An overdressed woman was talking to an ac- 
quaintance. 

"Yes," she said, "since John came into his 
money we have a nice country house, horses, 
cows, pigs, and hens." 

"Tliat must be charming," remarked the other; 
"you can have all the fresh eggs you want." 

"Oh, well," replied the first lady, "of course the 
hens can lay if they like to, but in our position it 
isn't at all necessary." 



For a Distant Harvest 

A Kentucky girl whose father was an under- 
taker was sent to a fashionable New York board- 
ing-house for finishing term. One day one of the 
girls asked her what business her father was in, 
and, fearing she would lose caste if she told the 
truth, she carelessly answered, "Oh, my father's 
a Southern planter." — Lippincott's. 



Times Change 

Tar — On my last voyage I saw waves one hun- 
dred feet high! 

Spar — I've been a sailor forty years, and never 
seen 'em over forty. 

Tar — P'r'aps not! But everything is higher now 
than it used to be, mate! — Judge. 



HIGH CLASS INVESTMENT 



MINES So FARISH 

- REAL ESTATE AGENTS 
315 S.Hill Street 



Removed to 353 S. Mill Street 

RESIDENT AND BUSINESS PROPERTIES 



11 


■■■■■ 






Herbold & Lindsey 

Enterprise Trunk Factory 
F 3399 654 S. Spring St.' 




1 




■ 



Be Your Own Landlord 

For Details See 

BRAINERD 

Houses, garages, schools, churches, hos- 
pitals, bunkhouses, structures of every 
size, airtight and durable, built for most 
reasonable figures. 

Call and Inspect Models. Phone or write for Estimates 

H. J. BRAINERD, 507 Chamber of Commerce 

Home Phone A4740 




'Clolhes Builders for Men Who Care' 
A Trial Order is Convincing 



West Brothers 

Men's Tailors 



Home A 43S9 
Suite 101-2 Henne I 



lt2W. Third St. 
Los Angeles, Cal. 



> y 



"Honesty is Power 

Lack of business 
honesty is business 
suicide. Our desire 
is a reputation for 
reliability and fair- 
ness. 

See our diamonds, 
gold jewelry, watch- 
es, clocks, silver- 
ware, cut glass. 

brTolmTin and pederson 

Manufaclurlng Jewelers 

507 Couth Spring St. Los Angeles 





Fhone Home F 1 796 Main 6150 



M. 



Fredrickson 
Hair Co. 



H a i rcl r e a a i f> g 

Sriftmpooing 
Manicuring 
Hair Goods 



743 S. Broadway, Lot Angeles, Cat 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



«^* 



THE SUNSET CLUB 

Its Oviting;, Its CHaracteristics and Its Membership 



t£ 



About forty of the members of the 
Sunset Club went up San Gabriel 
Canyon last week to observe the cere- 
monials with which that organization 
annually regales itself. A special car 
on the Pacific Electric, supplied by 
H. E. Huntington, who is an active 
member of the club, carried the p;.rty 
to Azusa, Friday afternoon, where 
they embarked in coaches for a ride 
up the canyon to one of the Follows 
camps, which had been set aside for 
their exclusive use. 

Henry O'Melveny, arrayed as a 
chef, superintended the cooking of the 
mountain trout which had been caught 
for the occasion. Al Levy, long the 
mainstay of the club's inner man, 
served as caterer. James Slauson 
took care of the decoration of the 
tables. 

Friday evening there was a camp- 
fire with reminiscences, chiefly of the 



sorts. The storm broke shortly after 
midnight and finished with a general 
armistice which was declared about 
two or three o'clock, after which 
peace reigned. The king of the revels 
wore a large pink robe, and it was 
an exhilarating sight to behold a score 
of the most sedate citizens of Los 
Angeles compelled by cruel tortures 
to go down on their knees before 
him. 

The return was made Sunday via 
the mountain home of Henry O'Mel- 
veney and the Oak Knoll place of Mr. 
Huntington. 

As the Sunset Club is' one of the 
recognized institutions of Los An- 
geles, a few words about its history 
and general character may interest 
the reader. It was established about 
IS years ago with a limited member- 
ship of 60, which number was pres- 
ently raised to 70 and there it has 



"We don't want anybody in this 
club that does not care for it," say 
the members "and the man who stays 
away shows that he doesn't care." 

The members of the club are most- 
ly men who "belong" to about every 
kind of organization there is,^but the 
Sunset claims and exacts precedence. 

It costs nothing to belong to the 
Sunset — no initiation fee and no dues, 
and only once a year is an evening 
coat required. 

The process of election is some- 
what unique. It is intended to bring 
out in one ballot not only the ques- 
tions of a man's popularity with the 
club, but also the question of whether 
he .has enemies. The members are 
given a printed list of names of can- 
didates who have been proposed by 
petition of three members. On this 
list the members check the names of 
those he desires to see elected, and 




wine. Officials: N. P. Conrey, Frank 
P. Flint, C. J. K. Jones, J. B. Lip- 
"pincott, Wm. Mulholland, Lucien 
Shaw, C. D. Wilbur. Writers: Harry 
E. Brook, R. H. H. Chapman, Sam 
T. Clover, H. Z. Osborne, Otheman 
Stevens, Ben C. Truman, C. D. Wil- 
lard. Railwaymen: W. G. Barnwell, 
Jno. J. Byrne, Thos. Graham, God- 
frey Holterhoff, H. E. Huntington. 
Ranchers: E. W. Jones, G. A. 
Farkyns, James Slauson. Education- 
al: Homer P. Earle, W. A. Edwards, 
Burt Estes Howard, J. C. Moore, J. 
A. B. Scherer. The Church: Rt. Rev. 
Thos. J. Conaty, Rt. Rev. Jos. H. 
Johnson. Agents, Brokers, etc.: W. 
H. Holabird, Geo. W. Parsons, R. W. 
Poindexter, Louis F. Vetter. Manu- 
facturers: J. O. Koepfli, Geo. H. 
Stewart. Architects: T. A. Eiseu, 
Sumner P. Hunt. Business: F. L. 
Alles, L. W. Blinn, H. Jevne, Frank 
W. King, C. C. Farker. Miscella- 
neous: R. W. Burnnam, Dunn & Co. 
A. B. Cass, Home Telephone; Jas. A 
Foshay, Fraternal Brotherhood; J. 
Bond Francisco, artist; A. H. Naftz- 
ger, Klamath Development Co., Frank- 
Wiggins, Chamber of Commerce. 



THE SUNSET CLUB IN SAN GABRIEL CANYON 



civil war, by Major Ben C. Truman 
and Major Henry T. Lee of the 
northern end of that great contest, 
and by J. M. Elliott of the southern 
end. 

Saturday the members fished or 
rambled about in small parties, all 
returning at flight for the splendid 
beefsteak dinner which had been pre- 
pared. The ceremonial this year was 
the "Drowning of the Whiffen Poof," 
a mysterious object to which every 
member had attached all his private 
griefs, grouches, troubles and preju- 
dices, so he could start the next year 
with a clear score. It was weighted 
with a piece of iron and allowed to 
sink to the bottom of the reservoir. 

At the end of the ceremonial all 
hands made a bluff at going to bed, 
everybody watching everybody else 
out of the corner of his eye. Some 
like R. W. Burnham, for example, 
took up their beds and hiked for the 
chaparral. Others lay in wait for 
marauders with implements of various 



remained ever since. Elections are 
held only once a year, and then only 
if there are vacancies. As a rule 
there are from two to five places 
open, due 'to death or removal from 
the city, The limit of membership 
has of late been violated only in one 
respect: when a member-who has left 
Hie city returns or — as in the case of 1 
several — comes back for special cele- 
brations, these people are entered on 
the printed list, but they do not sub- 
tract from the vacancies. Thus the 
present list carries 79 names. 

The club meets regularly once a 
month at Al Levy's, absorbs a good 
dinner, listens to a paper on some 
topic of live interest, and discusses 
for an hour or so the issues brought 
out by the paper. Members are bid- 
den to attend regularly, unless they 
are out of town or ill. The man who 
fails to obey this rule presently 
ceases to get his invitation, and at 
the end of the year there is that va- 
cancy to be filled. 



he also designates by a special mark- 
ing the name of anyone that he ob- 
jects to have enter the club. If there 
are five such objections, the man can- 
not enter, no matter if he does get 
the necessary number of affirmative 
votes. Of late years elections have 
largely gone to men who have 
achieved something notable in the 
community. 

The present list is made up as fol- 
lows: Lawyers, Jas. A. Anderson, 
Robert N. Bulla, F. W. Burnett, E. 
W. Camp, Chas. Cnssat ©avis, L. C. 
Gates, M. L. Graff, L. A. Groff, H. 
T. Lee, J. W. McKinley, H. W. 
O'.Melveny, Geo. S. Palton, Willottgh- 
by Rodman, Joseph Scott, Percy R. 
Wilson. Physicians: Wm. D. Bab- 
cock, Norman Bridge, J. H. Davisson, 
H. Bert Ellis, John R. Haynes, E. R. 
Smith, Jay H. Utley, Wm. LeMoyne 
Wills. Bankers: Willis H. Booth, J. 
M. Elliott, J. E. Fishburn, Stoddard 
Jess, W. C. Patterson, Wm. D. Ste- 
phens, W. J. Washburn. W. D. Wool- 



the last cmimb 

READ 

CalOSAMElEJ 




Phone Main 296 


Hill Street Floral Co. 


S- SHIMA, Prop. 


Cut Flowers, Pimls and Seeds. 


Floral Designs a Specialty 


955 S. HILL ST., near 7th St. LOS ANGELES 



Hotel Melrose 

120 South Grand Avenue 

Positively a first class family 
hotel. 
The Melrose has been estab- 
lished for many years and it is 
well known for the "table it 
sets." Rates $2.00 a day and up. 




Leading Clothiers UNO 

437-439-441-443 South Spring 
Between Fourth and Fifth Streeta. 

HEAD TO FOOT 

OUTFITTER S 

FOR MEN AND BOYS 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



The Work of the Los Angeles Humane Society for Children 



work 

ith the 

of Cruelty 

comparatively small 

amoui chil- 

During the union of the two 

.wing act< 

H r. Lee.. ... 188 

Dr. Walter Lindley 1895-1896 

Maj W. .1. Wedemeycr. ...1896 

\. Clark 

Dr T. A Seymour 

Mr-. J. B Millard 19114-1909 

was thought bi 
ite the work of the two socie- 
I VIrs I B. Millar.; 
ed President of the Humane Societj 
for children, which pledged itself to 



a sir. .n made l»y the 

City Council, An ... ed in 

the O. T. Johnson Building, corner 

iurth and Broadway, which has 
been the continuous home of the llu 
inane Society for children. 

In the pas) five years of the Socie 

h tve been 

four different Humane Officers: Mr. 

A . 1.1.. Mr. II. C. Aiken, and Mr. 
E. F. G. i dearborn, for one yeai each, 
ami R \V Reynolds, For more than 
two years past. Mrs. Virginia Heap, 
the very efficient District Visitor and 
Deputy Humane Officer, was elected 
in 1906. As an indication of the 
growth of the work of looking after 
and earing for neglected and abused 
children, the work of the past two 
years shows more cases investigated, 
and more children looked after, than 



the furtherance of the following aims: 
To rescue children from vicious and 
immoral surroundings. 

To prevent them lrom being cruelly 
neglected, beaten or otherwise abused. 
To compel parents to properly 
feed, clothe and shelter them. 

To prevent children from drinking, 
smoking and lounging about saloons. 
To prohibit them from being em- 
ployed for mendicant purpose- 
To prevent them from frequenting 
dance houses, pool rooms or places 
where liquor is sold. 

To prohibit the employment of chil- 
dren under age. in theatrical or acro- 
batic performances. 

For the enforcement of the child 
labor law and all other laws relating 
to minors. 

At that time the Society had neither 
office nor officers, furniture nor funds. 
F..r a few months they had the loan 
of a desk and desk room from the 
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty 
to Animals. Some money was raised 
by the President and her friends, and 



sent to hospitals; ~t l taken through 

the Juvenile Court, and 55 placed in 
public institutions, Dining the yeai 

142 ca ed in the 

courts, including the 70 in the Juven- 
ile l lourt. Many Of 111, - cases were 
for v, r est nature 

against young children; many were 
against fathers and husbands for fail- 
ure to provide; some for cruelty and 
abuse; others for the violation of the 
theatre or child labor laws. In al- 
most every case brought, the prose 
anion was sucessful. 

I he bright little chap in the first 
picture is called "Nobody's Boy", and 
was taken when very young fr. .in a 
maternity home in the city and given 
into the care of a man and wife whom 
it was discovered afterward did not 
get along well together. The child 




WHM 


*»ip5 




1 


mm* a 


LI 



in all the previous records of the So- 
ciety. With the increase in growth, 
there is also shown an increase in 
efficiency in the work of caring for 
children, greater stress being laid 
upon preventive work; fewer children 
are removed from, the homes and 
placed in institutions, and more par- 
ents are being compelled to properly 
care for, and support their own chil- 
dren. 

During the past year 695 separate 
cases were investigated, requiring 
1840 calls, and with the work of look- 
ing after old cases required 3390 calls 
by the two officers. In these cases 
1012 children were involved. More 
than one-half, or 525 children were 
relieved: 245 warnings were given, in 
m..st cases no further action was 
necessary; 50 incorrigibles were 
placed on probation at their homes, 
and most of them have made good; 
65 boys and girls were placed in pri- 
vate families; 55 returned to their 
parent-: 23 little children were placed 
in go..,l homes for adoption; 17 were 



by the Sis the instil 

are only a fevt a g ihe 

many who-,, lives the so 
bi ighti tied it lias 

i d from probable vt 1 1 

The pre-, in officer :ietj 

are: John c Austin, President; James 
A lla-k. it. Vice Presidf nt; M. C. 
Adler, Treasurer. These with C. C. 
Desmond and Mrs. Fred Hooker 
Jones, form the Executive Commit- 
tee. Miss Elizabeth A. King is Sec- 
retary; R. \V. Reynolds and Mrs. 
Virginia Heap, officers. 

The work for the present month. 
the first in the new year's work, is the 
largest in the history of the Society. 
Eighty cases have been investigated 
involving more than 150 children, re- 




was abandoned by the couple, was 
recovered by the Society and placed 
in one of their children's homes. The 
foster father begging to have the boy 
back and promising to reform, the 
child was again given into his charge, 
but had to be taken away again and 
has been placed with a family who ex- 
pect to adopt him. 

The center picture shows two "lit- 
tle boys who were found on a ranch 
all alone in the midst of indescribable 
filth, and with nothing to eat; the 
mother with her little girl had been 
driven from home by the cruelty of 
the father. The two were taken be- 
fore Judge Wilbur, declared depend- 
ants, and the Society placed them in 
the care of a good woman. The 
mother is doing what she can to help 
them. 

The little Mexican girl in the lower 
picture was taken by the Society from 
very immoral surroundings: the 
mother was a bad woman and the 
father dead. The child was placed 
in one of the Catholic homes where 



quiring more than 400 calls by the 
officers. Fifteen cases were prose- 
cuted in the Courts. In the Juvenile 
Court, 9 cases were brought, 6 for 
the protection of children, and 3 to 
restrain from wrong-doing. In the 
Police and Justice Courts, 4 men were 
prosecuted for abusing little school 
girls, and 2 men prosecuted for fail- 
ure to provide for their young chil- 
dren. 

With the increase of cases comes 
increase of opportunities to help some 
poor neglected or abused child 

The Society seeks the co-operation 
of the public in reporting cases of 
real abuse or neglect of children, and 
in helping to care for "Some of the 
least of these." 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Mr. Lovatt Fur-yte — "I'd like you 
to go to church with me sometime 
next month." 

Miss Pechis — "Good! But can you 
have your trosseau made in time?" — 
Philadelphia Pre 



10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

An indexed review of all action by Council, Board of Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general interest. Record closes Wednesday night. 



Public Worh by Streets 

Second from Flower to Figueroa; 
work accepted. 

Fourth St.; assessments for opening 
and widening payable on or before 
July 29; 5% thereafter. 

Fifth St.; e. of Los Angeles St.; see 
Fire Depl." 

Fifth and Wall; permit for L. I,. 
Bertonneau to place banner, ref. to 
Inspector. 

Sixth from Olive to Figueroa; no- 
tice given of sale of double track 
electric street railway franchise, for 
the Pacific Electric Ry Co. 

Seventh from Park View to Ver- 
mont; ord. of int. to improve. 

Ninth from Union to Park; final or- 
dinance passed for paving. 

Ninth and San Pedro; spur track 
granted Simpson Fruit Co. 

Ninth and Hill; L. A. Pac. Ry. Co. 
instructed to pave. 

2075 West 29; complain of dust 
nuisance ref. to Inspector. 

Thirty-fourth from Wesley to Fig- 
ueroa; sewer construction; final .or- 
dinance passed. 

Thirty-fourth St. from Grand to 
Hope; ord. of intention to construct 
sewer. 

Thirty-seventh Place from Figueroa 
to Flower; -:ord. of intention to con- 
struct sewer. 

Thirty-seventh Street from Figu- 
eroa to Hope; ord. of intention to 
construct sewer. 

Thirty-eighth Street from Moneta 
to Hill, and from. Figueroa to Grand; 
ord.. of intention to construct sewer. 

Fortieth Place from Figueroa to 
Moneta; ord. of intention to construct 
sewer. 

Forty-first Place from Figueioa to 
Moneta; ord. of intention to construct 
sewer. • 

Forty-first Street from Figueroa to 
Moneta; ord. of intention to construct 
sewer. 

Forty-second from Figueroa to Mo- 
neta; ord. of intention to construct 
sewer. 

Forty-second from Wesley to Ver- 
mont; Enginer asks limits of assess- 
ment for opening and widening; re- 
ferred. 

Forty-third St. from Olive 110 feet 
easterly; and from Grand 110. feet 
easterly; ord. of intention to construct 
sewer. 

Aaron from Alvarado to Allesan- 
dro; curb lines established. 

Alameda St.;. appeals of C. E. Wor- 
den. Union Warehouse Co., Oil Well 
Supply Co.. from acceptance of pav- 
ing: postponed one week. 

Alameda from 6th to near 3d; ord. 
of int. to improve. 

Allesandro; Edendale district claims 
against city for widening; all are now 
settled. 

Alley s of 2d St., bet Fremont and 
Beaudiy; ord. ol int. to estab. grade. 

Mley from 11th to 12th bet Main 



and Los Angeles; map prepared of 
assessment district for opening. 

Alley n of Humboldt bet. Ave 20 
and Ave. 21, to right of way of Santa 
Fe Ry.; map prepared of assessment 
district for opening. 

Alley between Hill and Broadway 
from 5th to 6th; final ordinance 
passed for paving. 

Alvarado Street sewer district; $100 
paid A. L. Coleman for right of way. 

Alvarado from Pico to Hoover; 
city engineer reports Central Baptise 
church against improvement is ma 
jority. 

Amador from Bouett to Yuba; ord. 
of int. to estab. grade. 

Avenue 20 from Pasadena to San 
Fernando; protest from C. Sprecht 
et al. against widening; City Engineer 
reports it not a majority. 

Avenue 25 from Pasadena Ave. 
north; protest D. G. Hutchinson et al. 
against macadam; held to have no le- 
gal force. 

Ave. 52 from Longfellow to High- 
land; curb lines established. 

Bridge at Avenue 52; ord. adopting 
specifications. 

Avenue 56 at Monte Vista; permit 
to C. H. Randall et al. to erect a seat 
on the sidewalk, reconsidered, upon 
protest of T. B. Machin, and seat or- 
dered removed. * 

Beaudry Ave.; curb lines estab- 
lished. 

Bishops Road; duplicate maps pre- 
pared, sewer assesst. dist. 

Brandon from Alvarado to Allcs- 
sandro; curb lines established. 

Budlong from 39th ' street to 39th 
Place; map prepared of assessment 
district' for opening. 

Buena Vista from Temple to Fort 
Moore Place; City Engineer reports 
protest Mrs. M. F. Baker et al. against 
sewer construction is majority, but 
recom. denial thereof. 

Carrillo from Bcllevue to West 
Kensington Road; curb lines estab- 
lished. 

Childs from Effie to Lucile; ord. 
of int. to estab. grade. 

Clifford from Alvarado to Allessan- 
dro; curb lines established. 

Commercial from Alameda to Lo? 
Angeles; sewer construction; final or- 
dinance passed. 

Coronado from 6th to Ocean View; 
permission to lay temporary board 
sidewalk ref. to Inspector. 

Council from Burtz' 84 feet w'ly; 
ordinance of intention to improve un- 
"der Bond Act. 

Daly from Pasadena to Downey; 
ord. of int. to estab. grade. 

Dayton from Ave. 20 to Pasadena; 
ord. of int. to open and widen; sub- 
mitted by City Atty. 

Duane from Alvarado to Allessan- 
dro; curb ljnes established. 

Eastlake from Norfolk 81 ft. n. 
w'ly; sewer construction; final ordi- 
nance passed. 

Echandia west side from Kearney 



to New Jersey; final ord. to change 
and estab. grade. 

Effie from Alvarado to Allessandro; 
curb lines established. 

Effie from Hyperion to north city 
boundary; ord. of int. to change and 
estab. grade. 

Emmett from Concord to Lorena 
assessment list certified in the matter 
of street improvement. 

Figueroa from Vcinon to Santa 
Monica; ord. of intention to construct 
sewer. 

Flower from Santa Monica to 35th 
St., from 37th Place to 37th street 
and from Vernon to 42d St.; ord. of 
intention to construct sewer. 

Garrison Drive from New York 
Ave. 200 ft. w'ly; permit to C. S. P. 
Pope, to. excavate. 

Georgia from 12th to Girard; final 
ord. to change and estab. grade. 

Grand from Vernon to 42<1, from 
Flower to 35th, and from 35tli to Jef- 
ferson; ord. of intention to construct 
sewer. 

Hancock from Henry to Donaboe 
tract; curb lines established. 

Henry from Eastlake to Griffin; 
curb lines established. 

Hill from Santa Barbara to 38th; 
ord. of intention to construct sewer. 

Hill and Ninth; L. A. Pac. Ry. Co. 
instructed to pave. 

Hooper Avenue improvement; City 
Engineer reports petitions 501 and 632 
must be majority petitions, being 
filed within 6 mos. of time when pre- 
vious order was protested. 

Hoover from First to Vendome; 
contractor granted 60 days extension 
of time for street improvement. 

Hoover from 32d to Kingsiey; map 
prepared for assessment district for 
opening and widening. 

Hope from Santa Monica to 35th, 
and from 37th St. 500 feet n. e'ly; 
ord. of intention to construct sewer. 

Hope St. improvement; City Engi- 
neer recom. protest M. F. Rice et al. 
against, be sustained. 

Idell from Cypress to Locust; grant 
of S. V. Landt to strip one foot wide 
along center of street; paid for. 

Illinois; opening of street; City 
Atty. states that interlocutory judg- 
ment has been entered. 

Lake Shore from Scott to Glen- 
dale; final ordinance passed for im- 
provement. 

Lake Shore Terrace from Col ton to 
Council; final ord. to change and 
estab. grade. 

Macy from Main to Lyon; final 
ord. to change and estab.. grade. 
..May from Henry to Donahoe 
Tract; curb lines established. 

McKinley from Ave. 48 to 51st St.; 
ord. of intention to improve. 

Montana from Echo Park ave. to 
Alvarado; acceptance of street work. 

Monte Vista from Ave. 59 to near 
Ave. 50; ord. of inf. to improve. 

Mountain View and Temple; catch- 



basin connection referred to Engi- 
neer. 

New High from Temple to Com- 
mercial; sewer construction; final or- 
dinance passed. 

Norfolk from Griffin to San Pablo; 
curb lines established. 

Norfolk from Eastlake to Griffin; 
sewer construction; final ordinance 
passed. 

Olive from Vernon to 42d, and 
from Santa Barbara to 38th; ord. of 
intention to construct sewer. 

Pasadena from Ave. 50 to Pied- 
mont; duplicate maps prepared. 

Pico from Maple to Los Angeles; 
sewer construction; final ordinance 
passed. 

Pico corner of Lake; ordinance for 
vacation triangular piece of ground. 

Pomona from Sierra to Prichard; 
curb lines established. 

Redondo St.; petition from Lacey 
Mfg. Co. for spur track; granted. 

Roosevelt Drive from New York 
200 feet w'ly; permit to C. S. P. Pope 
to excavate. 

San Benito from New Jersey ;o 
Brooklyn; final ord. to change and 
estab. grade. 

San Fernando Road; petition of S. 
P. Co. for spur track; granted. 

San Fernando Road from Ave. 20 
to N. city limits; Engineer asks limits 
of assessment district for opening and 
widening; referred. 

San Pablo from Griffin to Alhani- 
bra; curb lines established. 

San Pedro St.; sewer manhole at 
intersection of old sewer on E. side 
of street: request for transfer there- 
for of $80 to Engineer's fund. 

Santa Barbara from Figueroa to 
Moneta; ord. of intention to construct 
sewer. 

Santa Monica from Wisconsin to 
Vermont; petitions of 'Diamond Coal 
Co. and Hardesty and Jacobs for spur 
tracks; went over four weeks. 

Santa Monica from Figueroa to 
Hope; ord. of intention to construct 
sewer. 

Scarff from Adams to 23d; final or- 
dinance to estab. grade. 

Sierra from Flora to Ela Hills- 
Tract; curb lines fixed. 

Sunset Blvd. from Coronado to 
Hubbard; permission granted to 
property owners to. improve. 

Sunste Blvd.; from Marion Ave. to 
N. city boundary; Barber Asphalt 
Pvg. Co. awarded contract; paving 
per sq. ft. 17c curb per liri. ft. 29c, 
gutter per sq. ft. 20c; drains, catch- 
basins, etc. 

Thomas from w'ly terminus to Min- 
nesota St.; City Engineer asks limits 
of assessment district for opening and 
widening; referred. . 

Temple and Mountain View; catch- 
basin connection ref. to Engineer. 

Vernon from Figueroa to Moneta; 
ord. of intention to construct a sewer. 

Wall from 4tTi to 7th; ord. of in- 
tention to establish grade. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



11 



Wal: 

Wilshire Blvd.. I nion Ice 

Wyoming Avenue; ordinance 

Scott Avenue. 
Yuba nova; 

ord. of i" 
Lot J Angelu: Vtty. 

Lot I, Blk. 8, Garvanza; $100 paid 
John Harding : drain dam- 

Lot 21 Long and Stedman Trait; 
disclaimer to quiet title; order t" 
file. 

General Legislation 
Aqueduct Bureau; contract awarded 
Allis-Chalmers Co. for graiding ma- 
chinery; one ball mill, two tube mills; 
; bond $1200. Resignations 
approved of C. G. Lewis and G. E. 
construction elks. Carbureter 
prices; the Auditor points out to Bd. 
Wks. a carbureter priced to the 
act bureau at $16; same article 
priced to the city by the same firm 
at $10.50; also another carbureter 
to Bureau at $1S; same article 
billed by same dealer to the city at 
$15; ref. to storekeeper. Contract 
executed with Marion Steam Shovel 
Co. for electrically driven dredge. 
Employers' Declaration executed in 
connection with bonding of Warren 
Stewart. \Y. \Y. Nier and Leroy Min- 
nich. construction elks. 

Building permits for June, over one 
million dollars, as follows; 
Class A. reinforced concrete$ 27,548 

Class C 320,726 

Class D. one-story 285.170 

Class D. lK-story 39.6S5 

Class D. 2-story 196,830 

Sheds 10,413 

Foundations 1,600 

Rriek Alterations 72,939 

Frame Alterations 44,351 

Demolitions 460 

Total $1,,«0,722 

There was one 'Class A building, 
thirty of Class C. The foregoing fig- 
ures do not. quite complete June re- 
port. 

J. F. Connell, member Bd. of En- 
gineers; hearing of' charges post- 
poned. 

Consolidation with Wilmington and 
San Pedro; ordinance passed setting 
time for specify city election; iu re- 
spect to Wilmington. August 4; in re- 
spect to San Pedro August 12. 

Dice-throwing; the Police Commis- 
sion recommends repeal of Sec. Z x /i 
of an ordinance regulating gambling, 
so as to prohibit throwing dice at 
cigar shops. 

Elks Convention decorations; re- 
quest of B. F. Kierulff, Jr. Co., to 
place on light posts in front of city 
hall their design as a decoration; ref. 
to Chairman Hutchinson of Illuminat- 
ing Committee. 

Elks' Parade route; the Sheriff an- 
nounced the following; Form on 
Hope and Flower streets, these streets 
to lie cleared of vehicles from 5th to 
9th streets; column will move from 
Ninth and Hope, east on Ninth to 



; irst; 

irinj 

Ninth to .\i 

Main ■ i ; and dish tnd. 

Excavations; ord. submitted by City 

Any. making excavations 

in street- and public pi 

Fire Dept.; map of residence and 
industri Is prepared. Engine 

hcuse on Fifth St., E. of Los An 

- : hire Commission 
against all bids for construction 
as recommended June 16; report tiled 
d whether 
i i r $50,1.01:) rea- 
sonable and tin- plan- satisfactory. 
Bd. Pub, Wks. reports bids ree'd but 
n,i fund- available; instructed by 
council 'to accept bids; fund- to be 

provided in July budget. 

Flag display; the Fourth of July 
coming on Sunday, the program for 
celebration will be carried out on 
Monday; citizens are requested by the 
committee to display Hags on both 
Sunday and Monday. 

Garbage; specifications adopted. 

License collection; the Mayor's 
message; postponed to July 20. 

L. A. Pac. Co.; petition for return 
of taxes; held to have no claim. 

Park in Sixth ward; petition of I. 
W. Fox et al.; postponed. 

School Dept. Finances; the finance 
com. of Bd. of Education submits fol- 
lowing valuation of school property: 
Common school lands, $1,159,200; 
buildings, $1,690,295; furniture and 
fixtures. $165,550; total -for common 
schools, $4,015,045; high school lands, 
$293,300; buildings, $396,940; furniture 
and fixtures, $122,980; total for high 
schools, $813,130. Estimate of funds; 
the Bd. of Education asks City Attor- 
ney whether an estimate must be fur- 
nished council or any other official, cf 
funds for coming year. Bd. of Edu- 
cation reports that all contracts with 
F. O. Engstrum Co. have been com- 
pleted satisfactorily. Coal; all bids 
rejected and new ones to be called 
for, with new specifications. Lease 
to Board of certain city lands near 
High School; postponed. 

Sewer; East Boyle Heights main 
sewer plan and profile submitted. 

Sprinkling; Bd. Pub. Wks. requests 
council for leave to engage for two 
months from July 1, 125 teams and 
wagons at not above $1.50 without 
advertising, on account of shortness 
of time to make contract. The Met- 
ropolitan Contracting Co.'s equip- 
ment, now employed, and the only 
one available will be used. Bids, re- 
ceivable up to July 6, have been ad- 
vertised for. 

Utilities Commission; motion of 
Mr. Wallace for appointment of such 
commissions, consisting of Auditor. 
Attorney, Assessor and Chairman Bd. 
Pub. Wks., authorized to appoint an 
engineer to investigate plants of utili- 
ties companies; postponed. 

* * * 

Larry — "Phwat's th' excitement. 
Pat?" Tat — "Shure, an' th' automo- 
bile has turned turtle." Larry — 
"Turned turtle, eh? Bedad, Oi bet 
thot's th' reason ut choose a mud 
puddle." — Judge. 



When Women Want the Suffrage 

... By MARGARET C. GRAHAM o= 



American man frequently in 

that "when the Aim rii tn 
woman wants the suffrage she can 

line it." True, the manner in which 
iys this leaves little room for 
doubt that he doe- not want her to 
haVe it. and considers her demand a 
foolish one, hut being an \ineriean 
man, be is determined to live up to 
hi- reputation fur letting hi- women 
folks have everything they want. 

Some of us who have been quietly 
wanting the franchise for a score or 
more of years have wondered of late 
if the men who insist that women 
can have the suffrage wdien they really 
desire it are not largely responsible 
for the somewhat noisy demand 
which has been made of late in this 
country as well as in England. The 
women who have wanted the suffrage 
have always wondered a little how 
they were to make their wishes known 
and have tried all the myalls within 
their power, which seemed to them 
compatible with womanly dignity and 
the propriety which doth always 
hedge about a woman. And all to 
no avail. Is it strange, therefore, that 
they should decide, in spite of the 
oft-repeated assertion that a low sweet 
voice is an excellent thing in woman, 
that noise is a potent factor with men, 
and that they should resort to din 
and confusion as the only way of ar- 
resting the attention of the masculine 
powers that be? 

Of course al) thoughtful women 
have long been aware that the alleged 
willingness on the part of men to 
grant them the suffrage "when they 
really want it," is only an evasion. 
This is not the way in which men go 
about righting injustice to men. Hav- 
ing decided that certain resttictions 
or demands are burdensome to cer- 
tain classes of citizens, they do not 
ask those citizens to express them- 
selves unanimously before taking the 
matter in hand. They know perfect- 
ly well that unanimity of thought is 
impossible on many subjects and in 
this case gives them an easy escape 
from responsibility. 

There is little doubt that a ma- 
jority of the better class of women 
desire the suffrage today. Many who 
do not actively desire it, say without 
hesitation that they would avail them- 
selves of it if granted; and all, both 
intelligent and ignorant, are well 
aware that is is not withheld from 
them because there is any doubt as 
to their wishes, but because the ma- 
jority of voters prefer to withhold 
it. 

Just why this is so it is bard to un- 
derstand. Prejudice and tradition are 
never easy of analysis and many men. 
otherwise logical and fair-minded, do 
not hesitate to ascribe their position 
on this subject to prejudice. It is 
one of those matters to which men 
refuse to apply the rules of logic, and 
even seem to feel a virtuous pride in 
their refusal. 



If it v are only 

awaiting tile anm 

should find them makil i in- 

quiry ami endeai oring to I :arn the 

wishi - of .v omi ii c :erning it. In- 
stead of this we 'find them unwilling 
in discuss the matter, disposed even 
to treat it flippantly when mentioned. 

It is frequently urged that wives 
should vote as their husbands. Sons 
frequently vote as their fathers, but 
this is not urged against giving them 
the suffrage. Most of us see no ob- 
jection to the agreement of husbands 
and wives. Women have not yet 
learned to consider marital congen- 
iality a reason for injustice, although 
men sometimes seem disposed to re- 
gard it thus. We are not prepared 
to assert that all husbands vote 
wrong or that all wives would vote 
right, nor do we consider the suf- 
frage as a necessary protection against 
those of our own household; but 
every self-respecting woman lesents 
the objections which men of her own 
class, not to mention the more ig- 
norant, bring against her exercise of 
the franchise; and it is frequently as- 
serted by intelligent women that they 
did not realize the ignominy of their 
position until they heard men gravely 
announcing why they should not vote. 

The patronizing attitude of boys 
toward their mothers is so common 
35 scarcely to arouse comment, and 
i 1 is not to be wondered at when one 
considers that the opinion of a callow- 
youth of twenty-one is held in higher 
esteem by the government than that 
of the mother who bore him. 

Whatever the right of women to 
vote will do for the community — and 
according to the testimony of those 
"who have' tested it, it will do much 
— it will do vastly more for the women 
who exercise it. If women are intel- 
ligent the community needs their 
vote for its protection; if they are 
ignorant they need it for their own 
protection. And as they are one-half 
of the population, their needs are cer- 
tainly entitled to consideration. 

Women are somewhat weary of the 
assertion that they can have the 
suffrage when they want it. How 
many of them must want it? And how 
must they make their wishes known? 

That the woman of the future will 
vote hardly admits of doubt. No party 
has taken up her cause because no 
party, as such, will profit by her vote. 
In those states in which the ballot 
has been given her she has been found 
to scratch her ticket in the interests 
of morality, but it is not strange that 
her attention should be drawn to 
those who have been hospitable to her 
cause. And this may account for the 
widespread interest of thoughtful 
women in socialism today. 

* + * 

The annual meeting of the Southern 
California Dental \- : lion will be 
held in this city June 28. 29 and 30. 



12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 





SVSIC 



By MAY. RAMSEY THORN 



Among the last of the season's im- 
portant musical events the Orpheus 
Club Concert drew a large crowd to 
Simpson Auditorium last Tuesday 
evening. The program selected was 
well adapted to a chorus of this size 
and each individual number showed 
most minute and careful preparation. 
As is the custom with the Orpheus 
Club, the numbers were sung from 
memory, the painstaking work of 
both conductor and choir showing in 
this as well as in the accuracy of 
rythm and attack and well-defined 
contrasts. "Sunset" by Beardsley 
Vaude Water, the most pleasing as 
well as the mpst pretentious of the 
chorus offerings, was an unusually 
good bit of unaccompanied singing, 
the incidental solos adding to its at- 
tractiveness. "The Plainsman's 
Song," Paul Bliss, an effective com- 
position for solo and chorus, was 
given with spirit, and Hoffman's 
"Waltz Song"- was charming. The 
other numbers were a clever bit of 
humorous composition by Clifford 
Page, and Geibel's "March Onward".' 
Although prevented by their numbers 
from producing "big" effects, the 
work of the Orpheus Club was most 
satisfactorily artistic, and altogether 
pleasing. The soloists of the evening 
were Mrs. Nuncie Sabini Bittmah and 
Master Ralph Ginsburg. Mrs. Bitt- 
man's sweet' and puse contralto was 
pleasing in Meyerbeer's beautiful aria 
from "Le Prophete", "Ah, Mon Fils";- 
Clough-Leighten's "My Lover He 
Comes on the Skee" and "1 know" by 
Spross being her remaining contribu- 
tions to the program. A .violinist of 
exceptional talent, Ralph Ginsburg, is 
becoming rapidly known in this city 
for the surprising artistic as well as 
technical maturity of his playing. 
Considering his sixteen years his 
work Tuesday evening was nothing 
less than remarkable. Especially in 
the first two movements of the Vieux- 
temps concerto and in Schubert's 
"Ave Maria" did he show artistic 
feeling and temperament. The dram- 
atic Finale Marziale required the 
strength and maturity of an older 
performer. 



At the Majestic theatre this (Satur- 
day) evening, July 3, a testimon- 
ial concert and dramatic enter- 
tainment will be tendered to Eugene 
Nowland by Mrs. Beatrice Hubbel 
Plummer, soprano; Mr. Harry Girard, 
baritone; Herr Ignaz Eduard Haroldi, 
•violinist, in concert program followed 
by Francois Coppc's beautiful little 
drama "The Violin Maker of Cre- 
mona," with the following cast: Eu- 
gene Nowland as Filippo, Clara Wil- 
liams as Giannina. William Harris as 
Ferrari, Sherman Bainbridge as San- 
dra 1 . The tickets are to be had at the 
Majestic Theatre Box Office. 



Mr. Edwin House, baritone of the 
quartet at the Jewish Synagogue 
B'nai B'rith, has recently been en- 
gaged as soloist for the Third Church 
of Christ, Scientist, which meets in 
Simpson Auditorium. 



If the city council is willing to 
grant $10,000 for the necessary ex- 
penses, park concerts will be held 
during the winter season of 1910. 



For unusual industry in music three 
free scholarships will be awarded the 
afternoon of July 1 to the three most 
industrious students of the Von 
Stein academy. 

From July 1 until the reopening of 
the public schools in the fall the 
weekly musicals at this institution will 
be Thursday instead of Saturday af- 
ternoons and the public, as usual, will 
be welcome. 

Meanwhile the management of the 
academy is engaged in carrying out 
its promise to give Los Angeles one 
of the largest colleges of music in the 
United States. 

A vigorous campaign for the en- 
rollment of new students has been be- 
gun and four branch schools for the 
convenience of students too far from 
the headquarters of the school in Los 
Angeles have been established. They 
are at Alhambra, El Monte, West 
Avenue Fifty-four and Forty-second 
street. 



An extraordinary combination of 
instruments was called for by a com- 
position lately discovered irt the Brit- 
ish Museum, and given at a concent of 
old Chamber music in London. It 
was written in 1740 for two oboes, 
string quintet and piano. 



There is at present on foot in Ber- 
lin a plan to build a Richard Wagner 
Opera House, the funds to come from 
an operatic society of 60,000 members 
each of whom shall subscribe 4 marks 
annually. 

Programmes 

I'm giving a Recital in another week 
or two. 

I want to settle up my songs, and get 
the programme through. 

I'm singing six in German, and an- 
other in Chinese; 

Italian, one; Norwegian three; a 
thing in Portuguese; 

Two chansons (French); a Russian 
dirge; a song in modern Greek; 

One Esperanto comic (most refined 
and very "chic"); 

A folk-song air in double-Dutch com- 
pletes a first-class lot. 

What's that you say? No English? 
Well, I don't think! Rather 
not! 

— H. E. Hunt in London Musical 
News. 




Art in the High School 

The Art Department of the High 
School held its exhibition in the art 
rooms of the high school building on 
June 25th — visitors' day. Mr. Roger 
J. Sterritt is at the head of the art 
work, under his direction he has most 
efficient assistance in Miss Edna 
Gearhart, Mr. James McBirney, Miss 
Frances Sterritt, and Lena R. Haas. 

The equipments of the art depart- 
ment are quite as complete as that of 
most art schools and new things are 
continually being added to give all 
the advantages possible to the stu- 
dents. The art rooms are all most 
agreeably and pleasantly situated, 
well lighted and ventilated. 

The out of door views from the 
windows which is unobstructed, offers 
many a fine subject for landscape 
painting and illustration, the broad 
panaramic view of East and North 
Los Angeles, the hills, the mountains 
beyond, altogether giving beautiful 
arrangements for compositions and 
color effects. Studies may be made 
from the sky and clouds, and varying 
atmospheric effects, all of this adds 
to the interest of the surrounding 
and advantages here of indoor study 

To study and make use of the im- 
mediate things at hand is humanizing 
and cultivating. Our eyes should be 
open to the things around us, broad- 
ening our views by studying our sur- 
roundings. This becomes a power in 
our art. 

Mr. Roy Sterritt is in charge of the 
special department of pen and ink 
work for illustrations, besides di- 
recting all of the art work. Many 
very good and excellent drawing are 
to be seen in this, department. So 
many were good that it would be 
difficult to individualize them special- 
ly. The machinery drawings from real 
machinery, drafting of automobiles, 
dynamos, engines from the power 
house of the L. A. H. S„" guns, can- 
nons mounted, war vessels, and the 
high school buildings showed close 
observation and thoughtful work. 

Under the perspective and architec- 
tural class came some well drawn 
houses and gardens, towers and wind- 
mills, city streets with the tall build- 
ings, and some well designed furni- 
ture. Ink sketches of heads from life, 
done free hand, that were sharp and 
crisp for illustrating. Some cartoons 
with the figures drawn two-thirds life 
size were very interesting, gradually 
leading up to mural decoration. One 
cartoon drawn by seven boys was 
representative of the athletic sports 
of the school life. The winged vic- 
tory occupies the center space and 



grouped around the pedestal stand the 
classic forms of trophy cups, the 
prizes won. 

Another cartoon unfinished, illus- 
trative of the progress of Southern 
California and its products, also done 
by a group of boys. All of this work 
shows the diversity and varying of 
subjects that are sought for by the 
students and their desire to express 
themselves. The technic and variety 
in handling the pen and ink as a me- 
dium of expression shows that Mr. 
Sterritt has a full appreciation of the 
results to be obtained, and ability to 
direct his students and arouse their 
interest and desire to execute their 
work in an original and skillful man- 
ner. 

Mr. MoBirney's instruction covers 
composition, illustration, life poses, 
the figure and ideal subjects, in color 
and black and white. 

Many of his students show ad- 
vanced work and they are taught 
to think in lines, dark and light and 
color. Several pieces express the 
temperament and thought of the in- 
dividual, and what it means to think 
arid make use of good thought that 
has been directed and organized. A 
fine illustration of this is the mem- 
ory sketch of "Nazimova" as she ap- 
peared here in the theatre. The slen- 
der figure wrapped in folds and folds 
of drapery clinging softly about her 
as she stands midway between the 
grotesque figures on either side — ex- 
presses dignity, restraint, and pow r er 
in composition and color. 

Some of the compositions, like 
poses of the figure and heads of Otis 
Williams show merit and ability, and 
called forth much praise, also the 
work of Miss Millsap, who was repre- 
sented by a variety of subjects. There 
were many pieces by different stu- 
dents that should have a personal 
recognition. But the student will 
fully realize that his work here in the 
high school is for a training, and an 
appreciation of art, and power in ex- 
pression, to be further developed as 
his chosen profession may require. 

Miss Edna Gearhart's department 
covers the elementary drawing and 
study of animals and birds — in black 
and white, mostly with brush and ink 
to obtain crisp effects to be later on 
applied in designs. Color is some- 
times used in the back grounds as 



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Near Broadway 



Private Dining Rooms 
3l2W.SevenrhSl. 





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HAIR GOODS MANUFACTURED 


Hairdressing, 
Phone F-3592 

Combings Bought. Switches 
452^ So. Broadway, Room 25 


Shampooing, Manicuring. 

M. S. MACDONALD 
, Janes, Puffs, Transformations. 

221 West Fifth 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 



- in plant 
. -till life, 

nd later in color, anil 
sometimes in cliarcoal. 

Landscape composition i- consid 
t-red in black and white, lino, tone and 
color, as tht Phis 

study is the pre| -.1 leads to 

imenl of the creative power 
in nmking designs and appreciation 
tuty, by means of the applica- 
tion of the art principle. 

-tgn- are applied to many 
materials. A variety of fabrics was 
for stencils, useful and ornamen- 
tal things were made for the home. 
A nice feeling for color in most pieces 

The sculpture and clay modelii 
under -Miss Frances Sterritt This 
work is carried to a further degree ol 
development and interest than in any 
other art school in the city. A visit 
to the workroom is at once so sur- 
prising, that one could easily feel he 
in architecture of the Parthenon 
sculptor. The students arc so ambi- 
tious and enthusiastic in their at- 
tempts at tlie modeling of the classic- 
figures or ideal compositions some of 
them being so well considered and 
thought out to express their ideal or 
't to be executed as to repre- 
sent most ambitious work. The form 
and shapes of vases have received 
careful consideration. 

Two trophy cups for an auto cup 
race, by Hallain Anderson and Roy- 
Livingston, are good in form and con- 
struction and show the power and 
spirit to be expressed in a design for 
a special purpose or occasion. 

The calendar designed by Gertrude 
Cain with two well poised figures in 
either side of the slab has been cast 
and a copy given to the high school. 
The tablet executed for the literary 
page of "The Blue and White" is ex- 
cellent, and one of the best shown. 

Helen Kamp's Music, and the study 
had stepped into the studio of a 
by Godfrey Bailey are both well ren- 
dered. Miss Sterritt has certainly 
aimed to teach her students that this 
is a plastic art not plastered, taking 
the life out of it. but to get the 
plastic touch. 

The study of natural powers in 
composition and color and out of door 
sketching is also taught by Miss Ster- 
ritt. The studying and designing of 
book plates is also taught in this de- 
partment. 

Most all of the designs and illus- 
trations for the high school semi-an- 
nual publication 'The Blue and 
White" has been done under the di 
rection and supervision of the teach- 
ers. The number is a most creditable 
and excellent production and ranks 
with the best school publications in 
art illustration that have been pub- 
lished. Few colleges offer better. 

Mr. Grattan Condon, who is art edi- 
tor, shows some of the strongest of 
(he illustrations. 

The general character of the work 
is similar to that of any well equipped 
art school and they are not lacking 
in enthusiasm and ambition. It is i 
department that any city might well 
feel proud of and grateful for the op- 
portunities it offers so liberally. 



\t the Steckel Gallerj an exhibition 

of the local painter- will be put on 
the middle of next week to remain for 

1 weeks, during the period when 
so many eastern visitors will be in 
our city, This will afford the public 
an opportunity to -how their friends 
what is accomplished by some of the 

rtists in our midst. A lull list 
• >i exhibitors has a obtained, 

but a few have already -cut pictures 
Mr. PuthofT, Manheini. Sinclair, Bos 
worth. Pages, Lungren, Rogers, 
Greenbaum, de Quelen, Brown, Rich, 
Wendt, Judson, Fransisco and Kilpat- 
Judson Fransisco and Kilpatrick. It 
rick. It- promises to be an excellent 
representative exhibition. 



Miss Regina O'ane is Drgnaizing 
art classes from July 6th to August 
6lh for out door sketching and classes 
in design to be held mornings in her 
studio in Cumnock Hall. The work 
will be considered specially for teach- 
ers who wish to take advantage of the 
summer tuition. 

Art Students League under the di- 
rection of Mr. Warren Hedges, will 
hold an exhibition of the students' 
work on the last three days of this 
week and the three last days of next 
week— the 8th, 9th and 10th of July, 
classes being held the first three days. 
This exhibition will undoubtedly be 
the largest and strongest that has ever 
been held under the League. There 
have been so many artists and news- 
paper illustrators working, besides 
many very strong students that are 
earnest and enthusiastic workers. The 
work is so wide in its field that it 
covers many subjects and classes 
work in all mediums. Some very 
strong painting in oil has been done. 
The work shown will cover portraits, 
life poses, in nude and costume, and 
original posters. All that are inter- 
ested are invited to visit the exhibit. 



Miss Lesky, Miss Lowd, and Mr. 
Winterburn of the Art Department of 
the Polytechnic have a delightful pur- 
pose in view for the summer, that of 
building a workshop near Tropico, 
where they can continue their art 
work in painting, drawing and exe- 
cute pottery and metal work, and will 
also make the handicraft jewelry. 
They would like to establish an art- 
ists' colony at this place. 

Mr. Jean Mannheim is at work on 
two portraits, one of Mrs. W. H. Cole 
and the other of Mr. John Mitchell. 
The Mannheim School of Painting 
will be continued throughout the 
summer. 



Mr. Ralph Mocine and Mr. Green- 
baum are enjoying some fine sketch- 
ing up in Weed's Canyon back of 
Hollywood. They are getting some 
great bits of sunlit hills, and the dark 
masses of green foliage in contrast 
offers them some excellent material 
for their fall exhibition. 

LETA HORI.OCKF.R. 
* * + 

The California Business Woman's 
Association will hold its annual ban- 
quet at Hotel Virginia. Long Beach, 
today (Saturday) at 1 p. m. 



*ftlT ORJVysS 



The summer vacation school i- now 
regarded as a necessity where the 
crowded conditions of city life, i pc 
1'i.illv among those in poor circum- 
stances, make the streets the only 
available summer playground for 
children. As a rule in these schools 
there is no routine of study but its 
courses place greater emphasis on 
muscular activity and manual dexter- 
ity, and in all the large cities where 
the scheme has had an adequate trial 
the demand for admittance was 
greater than the accommodation. 
Such schools, though generally begun 
by private effort, have in the end been 
conducted by the school department 
in their buildings, an arrangement 
which makes the school buildings of 
use the year round. It is to be hoped 
that in this city a similar use will 
eventually be made of the school 
property. At present summer schools 
are being carried on under the direc- 
tion of Rev. Dana W. Bartlett at 
510 Vignes street and 618 New High 
street, and are maintained by the 
Bethlehem Institute. Funds for wider 
activity along this line are much 
needed, as there can be no doubt of 
the great value of the cause. 



At the City Club luncheon held at 
noon today, Saturday, Prof. George 
A. Gates, President of Pomona Col- 
lege, who has just returned from a 
trip to Australia and New Zealand, 
will speak on "Politics and Public Life 
in Australasia." 

The general committee on observ- 
ance of July 5 has announced the pro- 
grams for the four chief points where 
the people will be asked to assemble 
on Monday. In addition, requests 
have been made to the ministers of all 
churches to hold services on Sunday. 
The chief events of the day, Monday, 
will be the following: 

Hollenbeck Park — Committee, Geo. 
W. Lyons, chairman; W. J. Bryant, 
Dr. L. D. Swartwout. Reading of the 
Declaration of Independence by Pro- 
fessor J. H. Francis. "Star Spangled 
Banner." Mrs. Nuncie Bittman. Ora- 
tion, Rev. J. L. Pitner. Greater Los 
Angeles Band. Exercises will begin at 
2 p. m. Flag raising under auspices 
of G. A. R. 



I- astlakc i I i rank 

S I "i b<-. chairman; R 
lett l' \\ Blam li.ii d Reai n ■ ■ 

I > i iii an. hi ..I l ndi i [i i ■ 

Spangled Banner." ( Iration, Jui 
Waldo M. York. R 
I' mi cises will begin at 10 a. m. Flag 
raising under auspices of G. V. R. 

Central Park — Committer. M C. 
Xeuiier, chairman, R, Plant, Chas. F. 
Edson. Reading of the Declaration of 
Independence by Mrs. De Yohe, "Star 
Spangled Banner," Mrs. Bertha 
Vaughn. Chaplain. Rev. S. I T cell t . 
Oration. Rev. Dr. Hugh K. Walker. 
Moore's Concert Hand. Exercises will 
begin at 10 a. m. Flag raising under 
auspices of G. A. R. 

Sycamore Park — Committee, George 
W. Alexander, chairman; Rev. Will A. 
Knighten, Major H. T. Lee. Reading 
of the Declaration of Independence. 
"Star Spangled Banner," Miss May- 
belle Clark. Chaplain, to be selected. 
Oration, to be selected. Greater Los 
Angeles Band. Exercises will begin 
at 10 a. m. Decoration Committee: 
A. W. Skinner, chairman; Irving J. 
Mitchell, John G. Morley. 

All citizens are requested to display 
the flag on both the 4th and 5th of 
July. It was also decided that a free 
distribution of flags be made to chil- 
dred at the parks. 



The local Grand Army posts will 
celebrate Fourth of July at- Sycamore 
Grove. 



Miss Ethel iDickens, a granddaugh- 
ter of Charles Dickens, is the head of 
a large typewriting bureau in Lon- 
don, and is described as a keen busi- 
ness woman. 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Devoted exclusively to Music, Art, Science 
Studios and Halls for all purposes for rent. Largest 
Studio building in the West. For terms and all infor- 
mation apply to F. W. BLANCH <\RD, 
233 S Broadway : - 232 S. Hill St. 
Los Angeles, California 



STUDIOS FOR RENT 

Well lighted and quiet studios in 
the GAMUT CLUB Building. Espe- 
cially attractive summer quarters 
for musicians and artists. For 
terms apply to the Manager, 1044 
South Hope Street. 



THE LOS ANGELES 
MUSIC SHOP 

3 15 Blanchard Building 
MAIN 2202 HOME 10082 



§lni®®& 



IMS 



IN ALL ITS BRANCHES 



•Tftc 



PlANO. 



"The Eoerett's singing or sustaining qua ity 
supports the voice beyond any piano I have 
known." — Lillian Nordica. 

Sold only by 

SMITH MUSIC CO. 



406 W. SEVENTH STREET 
LOS ANGELES. CAL. 



14 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




The protest of the Shamut car 
against the Ford No. 2 in the recent 
New York to Seattle race has been 
disallowed, the evidence offered not 
being sufficiently strong. Our cut 
shows the winning Ford at the Seattle 
Exposition after its long run. Mr. 
Robert Guggenheim, the donor of the 
trophy, is standing beside the car. The 
trophy will when completed be a very 
fine one, costing in the neighborhood 
of $2250. The gold cover represents 
the northern hemisphere, in which, 
poised on a flying wheel, is a figure of 
Victory, draped with a banner bearing 
the words, "New York to Seattle." 
Polar bears, suggestive of Alaska, are 
shown at the base of the hemisphere. 
Underneath are four panels encircling 



as all other cars participating, must 
proceed at State law speed. Any one 
being arrested for exceeding speed 
limitations will be disqualified. The 
car catching the quarry the greatest 
number of times during the day of the 
hunt will win first prize, and the car 
finding the most controls will carry 
off the second prize. The pursuing 
cars, where parallel routes have been 
mapped, may follow only one route 
which will be prescribed, and may not 
leave the prescribed course, but in the 
case of- parallel routes the quarry car 
may cross and recross to evade the 
pursuers, but must move continually. 
The cash prize will be made large 
enough to interest all automobile own- 
ers who engage in the hunt. The first 




THE WINNING FORD 



'he cut. In the panels are views of 
Seattle and the exposition grounds. 
The trophy will be forty-two inches 
high. 



Under the auspices of the San Fran- 
cisco News Letter, assisted by auto- 
mobile owners, an innovation in the 
shape of a motor hunt will be held in 
the near future. Preliminary an- 
nouncement has already meen made, a 
route to follow in the' hunt has been 
mapped and the map is to be published 
together with the rules governing the 
hunt. A valuable trophy as well as a 
cash prize for catching the quarry car 
and finding controls, will be offered 
by the News Letter, which explains 
the hunt as follows: 

"The motor hunt is interesting to 
owners, to the trade and to the gen- 
eral public. It is the greatest sport as 
yet invented for those owning cars. 
Control stations are established along 
the route, and they may be few or 
many, they may be close together or 
far apart; there will be no information 
given as to the number of controls or 
their location in advance of the Hunt, 
and you must find them to have your 
control card punched. 

The "hunted" or quarry car, as well 



hunt will be of only one day's dura- 
tion, but it is proposed to make longer 
hunts in the future. 

"The route laid out and mapped 
covers the most picturesque parts of 
San Mateo and Santa Clara Counties, 
the roads over the route being in ex- 
cellent condition. The Motor Hunt 
will be most enjoyable and exciting to 
all participants, their, families and their 
friends, besides being a splendid 
outing." 



The Santa Monica road race is cre- 
ating no end of talk and interest 
among automobile owners and dealers 
and speculation is rife as to the out- 
come of next Saturday's race. 

Twenty-five hundred dollars in 
prizes is offered the winners. For the 
first car in the big event $1000 is the 
prize. The second.car gets $300; the 
third, $200. In the small-car race the 
winner gets $600; the second car, $300. 
and third, $100. About $25,000 is being 
expended by the entrants to equip 
their cars for the big motor meet. 

Six thousand people will be accom- 
modated on the grand stands which 
are now being built on Ocean Ave- 
nue and they promise to be filled 
to overflowing. The drivers with their 



cars are beginning to establish them- 
selves at the course. and the tire men 
are choosing locations for their camps. 
Wagers are being made that the big 
cars will average over 60 miles, an 
hour and the small cars from 45 to 50 
miles an hour. 

The course is a very fast one and is 
about 20 miles in length. As the 
schedule now stands the big cars will 
race first, but there is some talk of 
the small car entrants petitioning the 
Dealers Association to change the 
program around, as it is claimed that 
the big cars will -cut the course up to 
the disadvantage of cars in the second 
race, which would not be the case in as 
great a degree if the schedule was re- 
versed. Following is the entry list: 
Heavy Car Race for Ferris Cup 

1. Apperson — Leon T. Shettler, en- 
trant; Hanshue, driver. 

2. Stoddard-Dayton— S. D. M. Co., 
entrant; Seifeirt, driver. 

3. Franklin — Ralph C. Hamlin, en- 
trant; Hamlin, driver. 

4. Chalmers — Western M. C. Co., 
entrant; Dingley, driver. 

5. Studebaker — Lord M. C. Co., en- 
trant; Ford, driver. 

6. Rambler — W. K. Cowan, entrant; 
Harvey, driver. 

7. Premier — Schwaebe-Atkinson, en- 
trant; Bradbeer, driver. 

8. Lozier — Nash & Fenimorc, en- 
trant; Tettsleff, driver. 

9. Columbia — Birely & Young, en- 
trant; Stone, driver. 

10. Pope-Hartford — Wm. Ruess, 
entrant; Ruess, driver. 

11. Stearns — H. L. Gordon, entrant; 
Free, driver. 

12. Haynes — H. T. Brown, entrant; 
Shannon, driver. 

14. Locomobile — L. A. Motor Car 
Co., entrant; Page, driver. 

15. Thomas — Thomas M. C. Co., en- 
trant; Sailing, driver. 

16. Chadwick— W. D. Howard M. C. 
Co., entrant; Seibel, driver. 

Small Car Race for Shettler Cup 
1. Cadillac — Lee M. C. Co., entrant; 
Pattee, driver. 

3. Maxwell— M. B. L. A. Co., en- 
trant; Smith, driver. 

4. Chalmers — W. M. Co., entrant; 
Dingley, driver. 

5. Studebaker E-M-F— Lord M. C. 
Co., entrant; Lord, driver. 

6. Regal— Big Four Auto Co., en- 
trant; Hager, driver. 

7. Durocar — Durocar Mfg. Co., en- 
trant; McKeague, driver. 

8. Mitchell — Greer-Robbins, en- 
trant; Greer, driver. 

9. Buick — Howard Auto Co., en- 
trant; Nikrent, driver. 



as Mr. Howard C. Gallcupe, the editor 
of Touring Topics. 



A typographical error appeared in 
these columns last week relative to 
the growth in membership of the Auto 
Club of Southern California. It was 
stated that the increase had been over 
200 in six months, when it should' have 
read over 600 in that time, a truly re- 
markable showing. A change of head- 
quarters has been decided on by the 
club and No. 323 South Hill street will 
be occupied in the near future. It has 
been found necessary to engage an 
assistant to Mr. Chas. Hopper, p and 
Mr. Cotton Smith, the assistant secre- 
tary, will have his office there, as well 



The brake and dust trials conducted 
by officials of the Department of Ag- 
riculture at Newark, N. J., produced 
some interesting results, says the Sci- 
entific American, which should be con- 
soling to the nervous pedestrian who 
considers the dangers of the street to 
be increased by the multiplication of 
automobiles. The fact, already ob- 
vious to the well-informed, that a com- 
petently driven automobile is much 
more controllable than the best-driven 
horse-drawn vehicle, was conclusively 
proved; and as the majority of auto- 
mobile drivers are more skilled, or at 
least more trained, than the majority 
of horse drivers, the increase of auto- 
mobilism should make for public 
safety. All kinds of motor cars, motor 
vehicles and pair and single horse- 
drawn vehicles were included in the 
trials, and the best stops made by the 
latter were in 27 and 55 feet at 10 and 
18 miles per hour respectively, while 
automobiles stopped in 10 feet and 31 
feet at 10 and 20 miles per hour, and 
in 53 and 74 feet at 21 and 30 miles, 
per hour. It is thus shown that auto- 
mobiles may safely proceed at twice 
the pace of which a horse-drawn ve- 
hicle is capable and still be pulled up 
in the same or less distance. 



The Columbia will be the smallest 
car in the heavy car race at Santa 
Monica. The bore and stroke of the 
cylinders measure four and one-half 
inches "both ways," and by A. L. A. 
M. rating the motor develops 29-horse 
power. 



Christian Science Services 

Fourth Church of Christ, Sci- 
entist — Service at 11 a. m. in 
Symphony Hall, No. 232 South 
Hill St. Sermon from the 
Christian Science Quarterly. 
Subject: 

"GOD" 

Children's Sunday School, 
9:30 a. m. 

Wednesday evening meetings 
in Blanchard Hall, No. 233 So. 
Broadway, at 8 o'clock. 

Reading Room, 510 Herman 
W. Hellman Building, Spring 
and Fourth streets. Open daily, 
except Sunday, from 9 a. m. to 
9. p. m. 



Christian Science Services 

Second Church of Christ Sci- 
entist— E'bell Hall, 18th and Fi- 
gueroa streets. 

Third Church of Christ Sci- 
entist — Simpson Auditorium, 734 
S. Hope Street. Services Sun- 
day 11 a. m. and 8 p. m. Ser- 
mon from the Christian Science 
Quarterly. Subject: 

"GOD" 

Children's Sunday School 
9:30 a. m. Wednesday evening 
meetings at 8 o'clock. Reading 
Rooms, 510-511 Herman W. 
Hellman Bldg., Spring and 
Fourth streets, open daily, Sun- 
days excepted, from 9 a. m. to 
9 p. m. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



15 




eatt?e^ 





MISS ELLA CRANE, MASON OPERA HOUSE 



Mason 

The third and last week of the Prin- 
cess Theatre Co.'s engagement at the 
Mason will be devoted to the famous 
baseball musical comedy, "The Um- 
pire," with Fred Mace in the part that 
he created, that of Jimmie Dolan. The 
"Umpire" is a much abused individ- 
ual, yet withal, there is always some 
measure of sympathy extended to 
him by fans the country over. 
The part of ttolan contains much 
splendid opportunity for a comedian, 
and Mace excels himself in the work, 
His interpretation is extremely funny, 
yet there is a touch of nature and the 
human side of things in it. May 
B'oley is the Maribel, and the best in- 
terpreter the part has ever had. Zoe 
Harnett, James Stevens, Bud Ross, 
Helen Darling, Walter Catlett, Ed. 
Emery, and the other Princes and 
Princesses are well cast. 

Los Angeles will see the strongest 
company of actors ill "The Servant in 
'he House" that has ever appeared 
in the famous play. During the pasl 
season Henry Miller has presented 
two strong casts in the play, both of 
which have won 3 scries of triumphs 
in Eastern and middle-Western cities. 
When Mr. Miller decided to send the 
.play on a summer tour to the Pacific 



Coast, he combined the two compa- 
nies, selecting the pick of both organi- 
zations. He has retained four of the 
first company that swept the play to 
a really wonderful triumph in New 
York City a year and a half ago and 
chose the other thice players from 
the all-star Western company. 



Belasco 

The Belasco Theatre Company will 
next week present Hoyt's "A Day 
and a Night in New York." This is 
one of the last plays written by the 
late Charles Hoyt and it proved to be 
one of the most successful as well. 

Harry Oakes will sing "When You 
Love a Certain Girl"; Fay Bainter 



will 1 A oii'l 

^ on Be My ltilhe Possum 

kills 
with "Make a Noise I 
Roll Away', Louis will 

sing "The Midnight Crew 
Farrington will p nche Kings 

success, "\ ip I 

Tannchill will .sin.; "Invitation" and 
"Delight"; Florence Reed will offer 
Marie Cahill's Arab Love Song; 
Charles Murray will sing "Don't Take 
Me Home," a farcical musical num- 
ber, and Richard Beimel will Mug 
VI Willis' n. P, (J. E. 

Be ides the regular I'.el SCO ' 

pany there will be a score or moi 
attractive young women engaged in 
tlie production of Hoyt's "A Daj and 
a Night in New York," ami the per- 
formance promises to he a novelty to 
iiie Belasco patrons. 



Majestic Theatre 

The Majestic theatre will offer a 
double novelty next week in the de- 
but of the new Morosco musical com- 
edy company and the first presenta- 
tion in Los Angeles of "Sergeant Kit- 
ty," a tuneful and amusing. vehicle for 
the week of the fourth. The com- 
pany will be headed by Harry Girard 
and Agnes Caine Brown and its pro- 
ductions will be made under Mr. Gi- 
rard's personal direction. Jt is said 
to be the strongest aggregation ever 
organized for musical stock in Los 
Angeles, and its announced personnel 
seems to bear out that claim. . 

There are twenty musical numbers, 
with the famous Morosco-Girard bal- 
ad, "Prairie Land" interpolated by 
way of good measure, and there will 
be an "All Show Girl Chorus." 

"Sergeant Kitty" will run through 
the week, with matinees Wednesday 
and Saturday and a special Indepen- 
dence Day matinee Monday after- 
noon, July 5. Summer prices will pre- 
vail. 



Burbank Theatre 

Modern day romance and mystery 
are skillfully united in the five-act 
melodrama which William Gillette 
has written around the "Sherlock 
Holmes" stories of Sir Conan Doyle 
and which will be revived at the Bur- 
bank theater beginning with a matinee 
performance tomorrow (Sunday) and 
including a special Independence Day 
matinee Monday, July 5, in addition 
to the regular matinee Saturday. The 
play has enjoyed a vogue no less re- 
markable than that attained by the 
book 

The play is not new to Burbank au- 



mlai 
Desmond will 1 

;..r; Blanche II .; 
llarrv 

! 1 

I 

1 plaj 

is i" five acts and an 
envi enl i> promi 



Grand 

The I Irand Op'ra I I OUsi St0( k 
Compart} will li'ixt week offi r 1 .illian 
Mortimer's melodrama, 'A Girl ol till 
Streets." This play will offer Uice 
Lewis, the popular soubrette if the 
Grand Company further opportuni- 
ties to endear herseli with the pa 
irons of the Main street play hoiis 
Miss Lewis, will of course, have the 
principal role and it proms'is to he 
one 111 which her individual talents 
will have fine opportunities 10 display 
themselves. 

Mr. George Webb will be seen in 
a part that should fit his talents to 
a nicety, wdiile Harry Earl, George 
Field, Carl Burk, v.hester Stevens, 
Robert Leonard, Miss Grace Rau- 
worth, Marjorie Dalton and the others 
of the Grand Opera Stock Stock 
Company will also be sen ill the cast 
of "A Girl of the .Streets." 

During Elks' Week the stage of the 
Grand Opera House will be occupied 
by the Princess Theatre Opera Com- 
pany in Dan Daly's success "The 
Rounders." The 1 rincess Theatre 
Opera Company will be seer, at the 
Grand for one week only, after which 
there will be a resumption of "Hhe 
melodramatic offerings with Mr. 
Wbb, Miss Lewis and the other mem- 
bers of the present Grand organiza- 
tion. 



^^QC^SX^ 



Equipped. 
5-Passenger 
$2400 



THE CAR Wl\H THE SPARE WHEEL 

and other exclusive features. 

W K fflWAN Southern California Agent. 

"• "• "•""""'I 1140-42 South Hope Street 



Broadway 3701 

AUTOMOBILE REPAIRS AND SUPPLIES 

" [GEO. P. HUMMEL 

Second-hand cars for sale that are 

completely overhauled and 

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519 W. Pico St. Los Angeles, Cal. 



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Your inspection invited 
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MOTOR CARS 









For Good Service 
Use the 

"HOME" 



Home Telephone & Telegraph Co. 

716 S. Olive St. Los Angeles, Cal. 




American Pure 

Specialist of Ripe 
Olive O 

"American Brand" 
Olive Oil, Best in 

Pints, full measure , 

Gallons 

715 SO. GRAN 
Phones: 51583 


Food Co. 

Olives and 
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California 
the World 

$0.50 


85 

1.50 

2.75 

D AVE. 
Main 7817 




"Greatest Electric Railway Sys- 
tem in the World." 

The Pacific Electric 
Railway 

There is Only One Way 

To Reach the Principal Cities 
and Towns, Mountains and 
Seashore Resorts of Southern 
California. 

Information and literature re- 
garding the great Mt. -Lowe 
trip, Beach Resorts, and other 
points of interest from local 
agents or Passenger Depart • 
ment, Room 296, Pacific El'.ctric 
Building, Los Angeles, Califor- 



Sunset Main 2987 Razor Honing 

BEN WIEUPUTZ 

Fine Cutlery and Grinding 

Barbers Supplies 
Fine Grinding a Specialty; Doc- 
tors and Manicuring Instru- 
ments Done First Class 
655 So. Hill St., Los Angeles, Cal. 



60 YEARS' 
EXPERIENCE 




Trade Marks 

Designs 

Copyrights &c. 

Anyone sending n sket ch and description may 
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an 
invention iB probably patentable. Communica- 
tions strictly confidential. HANDBOOK on Patents 
sent free. Oldest nuency for securing patents. 

Patents taken throng]* Muiin & Co. receive 
special notice, without charge, in the 

Scientific flmeiican. 

A taandsomelj' illustrated weekly. Lnrpest cir- 
culation of any scientific journal. Terms, $3 a 
yenr; four months, ¥L Sold byall newsdealers. 

MUNIU Co. 36 ' B - jd "* New York 

Branch Office, 625 F St., Washington, D. C. 




PLAY BALL 

Let the boys learn the greatest and cleanest 
game in the world with the proper equipment. 
We sell it every day to those who know. Don't 
buy until you see us. 

Dyas Clinc Co., 214 W. 3rd St. 



BUNGALOWS 



ON 

INSTALLMENTS 



Small Payment Down — Balance Monthly 

We can put you up a home in almost any part of the city — from 
Boyle Heights to the Westlake District. Small payment down, bal- 
ance monthly like rent. Come in and talk with us. 

Pioneer Investment and Trust Co. 



J. Harvey McCarthy, President 
Top Floor Grant Building 



C. C. Patterson, Secretary 
Fourth and Broadway 



I GROW HAIR FREE EXAMINATION and Five Minutes 

CONSULTATION 

With me will save your Hair, and put you in the way 
of having a clean, healthy scalp, as I positively cure 
HAIR and Scalp troubles and prevent Baldness. 
Home Treatment for out of town people. Write 
today. 
PROF. GEO. A. GARLOW 

Hair and Scalp Specialist. . ROOM 426 CITIZENS NATIONAL BANK BLDG. 
Hoars 8 to 5 LOS ANGELES 




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A PALATIAL TRAIN FOR 
PARTICULAR PEOPLE 

THREE DAYS 
To CHICAGO 

Via SALT LAKE ROUTE, Union 

Pacific and Chicago and 

Northwestern 

A DELIGHTFUL WAY TO GO 

Particulars at all Ticket Offices and at 

601 South Spring Street 

LOS ANGELES. CAL. 




BEKINS 

Fire-Proof Storage 

1335 South Figueroa 



Call and inspect. Reduced Rate 
Shippers of household goods to 
and from the East and North. 



r T r T T T7 Q 'Domestic, ana 
X X ±U LZl O Imported 

For Mantels and Floors 
Marble and Stone 

Pacific Tile and Mantel Co. 

Agents for Gratby and Rookwood Tiles 
/ 716-18 South Spring Street 



J. E. MEYER 

Stochs, Bonds and Investments 

Broker and Dealer in 

HIGH GRADE SECURITIES 

202 Mercantile Place 

at Spring St. 



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The Misses Page School for Girls 

243 WEST ADAMS STREET 
Home Phone 21202 
Sunset South 3539 

Amid ideal surroundings and directed by competent teachers the 
girls of this School make rapid progress. In addition to the regular 
school studies they are taught vocal and instrumental music, drawing 
and painting, and physical culture. Ample facilities are afforded for 
recreation and the girls' home training and moral welfare is attended 
to in a manner to bring out the sweet and beautiful in character, so 
essential to true womanhood. 



A School for Boys 



Under the same management, located at 137 West Adams Street. 
Telephone Home 21203. The boys receive' military instruction, Cap- 
tain Robert T. Gibbs being commandant. 

This is a splendid home for boys and also a well regulated school- 
home where the character training of the boy is given the importance 
it deserves. The proverb "Train up the child in the way he should 
go; and when he is old lie will not depart from it," is exemplified at 
this school. Boys here are taught manliness, obedience, punctuality, 
industry and learning in a way fitting them suitably as foundation 
stones for life's progress. Boys of any age after 5 years admitted. 
Each boy is held to be an individual. Not being held back by class 
restrictions his progress is rapid and certain. 

Call, Telephone or Write for Catalogue. p up iis admitted at any time. 



PACIFIC 




Vol. VII. Mo. 2. 



Los Jingeles, California, July IO, 1909- 



5 Cents $1.00 a Year 



HOW THE CITY POISONS ITSELF 

In the memoirs and romances ami court 

edings of a century and a halt ago \\ e 

me faint idea <>f how the servants of 

the rich were treated at that time. 

In most houses, particularly in London, 
space was to., valuable anil servants to.. 

numerous- they worked for their board anil 
clothe.- and what they could Steal — for the 
master to provide sleeping apartments lor 
any except the specially favored ones. They 
slept in the cellars on piles of rags, in the 
kitchens with t! in the shelves of the 

pantry, and on the floors anywhere, until 
they were kicked out of the way. Xo oppor- 
tunity was given them to bathe or to change 
their clothes, and while gorgeous uniforms 
were provided by the house, they were 
worn until caked with filth. 

The average footman smelled so bad that 
particular people — who were fortunately 
rare in those days — forebore to breathe 
when he came very near. 

Living under such conditions, and often 
half starved, these people developed every 
form of disease that was in the air. Ery- 
sipelas and eczema passed from hand to 
hand, small pox and typhus fever lay in 
wait for them, tuberculosis mowed them 
down by the thousand, and scrofula marked 
tbeiii from one generation to another. 

All this would have disturbed the masters 
very little, but for one very serious con- 
sideration. Disease and death are, strange 
to say, oblivious of social distinctions. 
Small-pox would coolly jump from the foot- 
man to ni)' lord, and the same epidemic of 
pneumonia that carried off the scullery maid 
and the charwoman threw in the daughter 
..f the bouse for good measure. 

It took a century or so for the facts to 
penetrate the intelligence of his Com- 
placency, -Mr. Well-to-do, after the doctors 
had explained to him that he had better 
treat his servants like human beings unless 
he wished to run a germ factory under his 
own roof. But there are plenty of old home- 
steads still in existence in Europe and 
America where the servants are housed in 
dark, damp, unsanitary quarters. 

On a large scale, the city is doing now 
exactly what the individual did a hundred 
and fifty years ago. It allows its poor peo- 
ple to herd together in the horrible places 
that we call slums. Until recently, the au- 
thorities passed these regions with averted 
eves, and if the well-to-do people went near 
them at all, it was merely for amusement, 
"to see how these creatures live, don't you 
know." In these days there is a slight im- 
provement. The inspector lets in the light, 
and the settlement worker takes part in the 
life of the underpeople. We have laws 
against putting up bail tenement buildings, 
and plumbing regulations and health ordi- 
nances help a little. But it is a fight every 
inch of the way. 

Society is very calm about the slum, part- 
ly because it is used to it. and partly be- 
cause it does not understand what the exist- 
ence of the slum really means. If it ever 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 

Published Every Saturday 

837 South Spring St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 
Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered at lecond-class matter April 5, 1907, at the poatoffice at 
Loi Angeles, California, under the act of CongreSB of March J, 1879. 

comes home to the well-to-do and influential 
that the deaths that occur in their own fami- 
lies almost all come from diseases that orig- 
inate in the slums, then they will wake up— 
in time, don't hurry them — and demand that 
the slums be abolished entirely. 

Individuals, here and there, understand it 
now ; but the class, as a class, docs not. Re- 
member that we have had effective health 
authorities in our American cities only a 
couple of decades, and in most places the 
city government is so rotten with politics 
that people pay little attention to the utter- 
ances of their officials. 

We read magazine articles now and then 
of rich men who are erecting model tene- 
ments, and we swell with pride to think 
that we have such a splendid philanthropy 
so well under way. But when we learn that 
the slums are covering 100 additional feet 
of new space for every foot taken care of in 
the model tenements,. we lose faith in that 
form of remedy. Besides it is charity, no 
matter how sugar-coated it may be. It 
can't be a commercial proposition, or it 
would take care of itself without philan- 
thropy in it. 

But it is entirely a commercial proposition 
when a courageous, honestly governed city 
says : "The standard of living in this town is 
thus and so. Everything built in the future 
must conform to that, and" — right here 
comes the tug-of-war — "everything that is 
not up to that standard now must come 
down. People who won't live decently, 
after they are given decent surroundings can 
get out ; we don't want them in this town. 
And capitalists that won't build and main- 
tain decent human habitations, can take 
their capital to some other place. We can 
get along without it." 

All this sounds chimerical, dream-like, 
out-of-a-story-book, the millenium, Utopia. 

May be so. and yet it is logical, it is sound 
business, it is decency, good health and 
godliness. 

Unfortunately it is waiting and must al- 
ways wait for good city government. 

Lots of things that the race needs are 
waiting for that. 



PUZZLE— CONUNDRUM— REBUS 

To such of our reader.- as may enjoj 
ercising their wits over problem-, here i- 

one that may pr< >\ e interesting : 

["here is a man in our town who main- 
tains a most extraordinary set of opinions. 

lie believes that the people should not be 
allowed a voice in public affairs — that they 
should be content with wdiat ever their offi- 
cials band out to them. Direct legislation 
he calls a "freak idea." 

He regards the people generally with 
great contempt. Calls them "the Peepul" 
with a sneer. Says they are not fit to gov-* 
ern themselves. He denounces the direct 
primary. 

He thinks that everybody should vote the 
straight ticket of his party, at local elec- 
tions particularly. 

He doesn't see how any party can be run 
without a boss and says we are in great luck 
to have a responsible concern like the 
Southern Pacific take charge of our political 
affairs. 

He denounces the recall as revolutionary, 
dangerous, un-American.. 

He supported the late Mayor, Mr. Harper, 
with enthusiasm and admiration up to the 
day he resigned. Then he was silent for a 
time but on election day. secretly .voted foi 
the Socialist candidate. 

He makes no distinction at all between 
Socialists, Anarchists and Nihilists. To his 
mind they are all bomb-throwers and 
assassins. He would like to see them all 
sent to the gallows without a trial. 

Pie despises poor devils that are com- 
pelled to work for a living at any form of 
labor, and if they belong to a labor union he 
hates them with a bitter and senseless 
hatred. 

He characterizes the prosecution of Cal- 
houn, Ford and Glass in San Francisco as 
an outrage. He admits that they gave 
money to the supervisors but says, "What 
of it? You or I or anybody would do the 
same to make as much money as there was 
involved there." 

As for Heney, he rejoiced when he was 
shot and greatly regretted his recovery. 

He smiled with satisfaction over the re- 
moval of Fries, whom he characterizes as 
"one of these gallery players that is always 
on the side of the dear peepul." 

He says the public is "nutty" on the sub- 
ject of franchises. For his part he believes 
in giving Mr. Huntington all that be wants 
including the River-bed. The 21 year limit 
is, to him, "rank socialism." 

He says that every man has his price; 
that all public officials sell their votes or 
take bribes for every kind of service — al- 
ways have and always will. Men who try 
to "make things better are either hypocrites 
or fools. He" is for boosting the town and 
not interfering so much with the amuse- 
ments of our visitors who leave good 
money here. He likes to say that you can't 
make' men virtuous by law and that men 
will drink and gamble no matter what laws 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



you pass. He is always on the saloon and 
race track side of it. 

By this time the reader has probably com- 
prehended the kind of a man we mean. 
Nice character, isn't he? Sort of a man you 
would like to have your young son asso- 
ciate with, and get his ideas of life from, eh? 

But where does the conundrum come in? 

True. We had become so interested in 
describing this little beastie, this canker- 
spot of rotten citizenship, that we 'had al- 
most forgotten the puzzle end of it. 

Here you are : 

Can you name the Los Angeles daily pa- 
per that this creature reads, absorbs, prefers, 
admires? 

You can, eh? Well, try it. 

What? Unanimous? Absolutely unani- 
mous ? 

Very well then, it will not be necessary 
to state the answer, as everybody knows it. 
We are very glad it turned out so, for we 
hate to mention anything that is to this 
city's discredit. 

+ + * 

SAN PEDRO, THE BOTTLED-UP 



Land in the business section of Los An- 
geles is worth from $1,000 to $8,000 a front 
foot and land in the residence section is 
worth from $10 to $200 a front foot. 

One condition, however, is absolutely 
essential to give land these values : it must 
be open to access on one side at least. 

We always take that for granted ; but im- 
agine a case. Mr. A. owns a tract 300 feet 
square constituting nine-tenths of an entire 
block in a populous portion of a great city. 
Instinctively we attribute great value to it — 
a million dollars at least. But it happens 
through the awkwardness or malice of the 
surveyors who first laid out the land that 
Mr. B. owns a strip 10 feet wide all around 
the property of A. completely shutting it 
off from approach by the rest of the world. 
What then is the value of the interior piece? 

Intrinsically it has no value whatever. 
Until flying machines are perfected it can- 
not be even so much as trod upon by its 
owner. 

San Pedro owes its existence as a city to 
the fact that it fronts on the ocean. Its fu- 
ture is dependent on its commerce by sea. 
But has it access to the water? 

Let anyone who wishes to learn just what 
it means for a city to surrender to the cor- 
porations, go down to San Pedro on a Sun- 
day afternoon and go over to The Wharf, 
The Public Wharf. 

The water front of San Pedro is several 
miles long. In all that region there is one 
spot and only one where the people of that 
city may get in and out, one spot and only 
one where visitors approaching on the sea 
side can gain admittance, without paying 
tribute to some carrier corporation. 

Long before you come to this narrow lit- 
tle place you note its whereabouts by the 
uproar. There are a dozen or more boats 
trying to land in a space that will barely 
accommodate one. They must take their 
turn, or perhaps the passengers may be com- 
pelled to climb over a series of craft, side bv 
side, before thy can get to the float and 
stairway by which they ascend to the open- 
ing into the town. 

The width of this cleft in the long- wall of 
the corporations must be as much as forty 
feet, and on Sundays and holidays a pretty 
steady stream pours in and out. 

The streets of the city of San Pedro run 
straight toward the water front — ^scores of 
them — but when they strike the corpora- 
tion strip they vanish into the air. It is as 



though an angel with a flaming sword stood 
there to warn the people back. 

However, the people of San Pedro have 
great reason to be pleased that they have 
even this little crack left open for them to 
use for getting in and out. Time was, only 
a few years ago, when if you wished to ap- 
proach San Pedro, the port of San Pedro 
remember, and had not made a deal of any 
kind with a corporation — such as buying 
a ticket from Catalina or San Francisco, — 
the best you could do was to duck under the 
piling, where no one was on guard, and 
scurry over the roadway tracks to the pub- 
lic highway. If you were caught, it was 
trespass. 

Some years ago there was an especially 
aggressive Board of Trustees, the corpora- 
tions wanted some things — more streets to 
be closed up — and the Board showed for 
once an intelligence that was almost hu- 
man. 

"If you take these things," it said, "you 
must give us an outlet to the sea ; one little 
street end at least." 

Grudgingly the corporations did so, but 
lest the thing should be taken as a precedent 
they put up a sign warning people that they 
did it merely as a courtesy, and that they 
surrendered none of their fundamental 
rights in the ownership of the people s 
property. 

All this sounds so much like a joke that 
if some gentleman from Mars refuses to be- 
lieve it, we shall not be in the least of- 
fended, but merely suggest that he stand en 
the wharf at San Pedro and view with his 
eyes the people of that city getting in line 
to come in or out of town. 

And we are the people who are demand- 
ing the Open Door for poor benighted 
China. 

Just across the channel in East San 
Pedro, formerly supposed to belong to Long- 
Beach there was quite a piece of free water 
front — 800 feet that the corporations had 
not yet managed to acquire. The Supreme 
Court gives this region to San Pedro and 
instantly its Board of Trustees tries to give 
away this strip to an individual who prob- 
ably represents the Southern Pacific. 

Now that is what corporation-managed 
politics will do for a town. San Pedro is 
bottled up, for the present at least. Pos- 
sibly the day may come when a way will 
be found to extract the cork and let the peo- 
ple out, but that day will never come as long 
as the corporations are in control of the 
city's offices. 

Los Angeles contains lots of people who 
would be entirely satisfied to see the cor- 
porations get away with everything we pos- 
sess of value, provided it was all done regu- 
larly and in order through the medium of 
the straight party organization. 
* * * 

DISTRICTING THE RED LIGHT 



An effort recently put forth to restablish 
a red-light district in Los Angeles was very 
properly suppressed by the police authori- 
ties. We had all we wanted of that, and a 
bit over, in the last administration. Just 
for the present at least, we are committed 
to a different policy. 

We are all prone to hold very positive 
opinions on matters we know very little 
about. The average business man, for ex- 
ample, who has led a decent and rather un- 
sophisticated life, and who gets most of his 
knowledge of police matters from the news- 
papers — perhaps chiefly from a pro-vice ma- 
chine organ — holds a very positive opinion 
on the question of how the social evil should 



be treated by the authorities. Ask him, and 
nine times out of ten he is ready enough 
with his reply: "It is necessary to set aside 
a district for red-ligiht .vice, to avoid scat- 
tering it all over town." 

This problem is as old as the human race, 
and presents a thousand complications on 
each of its many sides — physical, moral, 
legal, economic. It ill becomes anyone to 
be dogmatic and positive in his views. The 
present writer, for example, served several 
years as a police reporter and as a court re- 
porter on large city dailies. He has been 
six years secretary of the Municipal League 
of Los Angeles. He has visited and studied 
the twenty-five largest cities in the Union, 
and in nearly every one of these cities dis- 
cussed the red-light question with the po- 
lice authorities and settlement' workers. 
And he never came within shouting distance 
of a positive opinion on the subject — that 
too, although he is rather given to positive 
opinions on most topics. 

Let us examine our business man's ready 
answer a bit, and try it out under the light 
of known facts. 

Note, to begin with, that it contains two 
absolute assumptions — a dangerous proposi- 
tion in logic — first, that districting red-light 
prevents its scattering and second, that fail- 
ure to district necessarily causes its -scatter- 
ing. Unless these are both true, his state- 
ment is meaningless. 

Now no decent man defends and ap- 
proves prostitution. All confess that it is 
a bad thing, bad for the men, frightfully 
bad for the women, and full of nameless hor- 
rors for generations unborn. It is therefore 
a vice, to be treated as such. 

Now let us, in order to bring out some 
of the queer phases of the segregation argu- 
ment, let us apply it to other forms of vice. 

We must have a district in which bur- 
glary will be allowed, to prevent burglary 
from scattering all over town. 

We must have a district in which thugs 
may rob people, lest they rob them all over 
town. 

We must have a district in which gam- 
bling is allowed (this begins to sound more 
like what we hear sometimes) to prevent 
gambling from spreading into our very 
homes. 

Mr. Business-man will not discuss the 
first two parallels ; he regards them as a 
joke. But with respect to gambling he 
says : "To allow open gambling anywhere 
is to maintain a school that teaches it to the 
young and the weak. Such a scheme would 
greatly increase Che gross volume of the 
■vice. But prostitution is different. There 
is involved there a primal instinct of the 
race. You cannot suppress the evil entire- 
ly, and the only way to regulate it is by 
districting." 

Well, isn't gambling a primal instinct of 
man, dragging him down to ruin in every 
epoch of history, and in every part of the 
earth he has frequented? And does any- 
one expect to suppress gambling entirely, 
or burglary, for that matter, or any kind 
of vice? 

No, the great struggle civilization is mak- 
ing at this stage of things is to reduce the 
•volume of evil-doing, not to wipe it out of 
existence. No one expects the latter, or 
figures it into the problem. 

Now what are the principal facts about 
segregation of the red light in Los Angeles? 
Through the last administration we had a 
district — in which some of the chief city offi- 
cials seem to have been financially inter- 
ested. Did that clear the lodging houses 
of evil women, and were there no com- 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



.1 matter of Fact, then- never « 
I in the city's history when th. 

ittered about, Are 
conditions worse, now that we have no 

district or better' Everybody knows 
that they .ire vastly better — but no one 
1 be fool enough to pretend that the) 
arc perfect. 

But this i- merely one example, we arc 
answered, and the police, during the last ad- 
ministration, *t".i,l in with vice. Like mas- 
ter, like man. 

Very true: and now let us consider the re- 
lation "i the police to this problem. The 
average police chief and policeman will 
argue in favor of a vice district. It is a 
tradition, which in a large degree has its 
foundation in graft. It is much easier to 
"collect" with a district, and the returns 
are much greater. Only a few must be in 
on the deal, whereas, if it is scattered, 
"fresh" policemen and detectives keep 
"butting in." So when there is a district, it 
is the tendency Of the police to move the 
out-liers in. It is just as easy, of course. 
nd them out of town as it is to move 
them into a district. 

Thus it happens that nearly always when 
public opinii n declares against districting, 
the police force that carries out the decree 
-tile to it. and subsequently does all in 
its power to make it unpopular and ineffec- 
tive. Seldom has the suppression polic) 
been given a fair trial, and when it has. it 
has apparently resulted in a large diminution 
of the gr"-- total of the vice. Reasonable, 
unbiased police authorities know that this 
i- so; only they complain that it makes more 
wink for them, which must be admitted, al- 
though in the long run it might prove other- 
wise. 

Find a city with an open recognized red- 
light district, and nine times out of ten you 
will discover vice scattered through many 
other portions of that city. On the other 
hand find a city where the police authority — 
at the top — is thoroughly in earnest in the 
work of bringing this evil down to a mini- 
mum, and you will find neither a red-light 
.district nor a scattering of the vice. No; 
it will not be perfect — don't be in such a 
hurry, friend, with that sneer. There will 
be vice enough yet to satisfy the most 
robust cynicism. But there will be fewer 
young men ruined, fewer young girls 
wrecked, fewer hearts torn, just that much 
less of degradation, misery and disease and 
disgrace, than when the authorities exploit 
the prostitution evil. 

Having tried segregation for many cen- 
turies without satisfactory results, why ob- 
ject now to an occasional trial of a different 
plan? But let it be a genuine, honest ex- 
periment — not the wink-the-other-eye bluff, 
that we know so well. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

THE THIRD DEGREE 



It is gratifying to hear from Chief of Po- 
lice Dishman an unequivocal statement with 
regard to the ill-treatment of prisoners to 
make them confess — that this will not be 
tolerated under his administration. This 
utterance came directly after the beating- of 
a colored prisoner by three detectives, which 
was carried to a point that brought forth a 
protest from one of the jailers. 

It is only during the last few years that 
the American people, or even a fraction of 
them, have come to understand what is real- 
ly meant in police circles by the terms "3rd 
degree," "sweating," etc. We flatter our- 



ivilizaliun in which 

torture no longer plays .1 part 111 thi 
ministration ol law. Like Mr 
Mikado, having said that .1 thin.; 1- 
done, it i> then inevitably done, ami no 
further questions need be asked on the sub- 

Except in rare case- where the humanity 

of a chief-of-police or of a determined police 

board prevents it. torture of prisoners to 
make them confess i- very generally prac 
ticed in American cities. 

To be sure, they have no place set aside 
and designated as a torture chamber, fur- 
nished with the hideous implements that are 
shown the visitor in the museums of Ell- 
rope. Moreover, the method-, used nevei 

leave suspicious marks on the prisoner. I lis 
face may be bruised and battered, but that 
was because he "resisted arrest" or "tried to 
I -rape." 

Two of tlie most terrible tortures in ex- 
istence, one invented by the Russian police 
and the other by some Italian Tarpia of the 
middle ages, leave no marks that even a 
physician could detect afterwards. In the 
one a cushioned block is placed on the vic- 
tim's spine and is beaten with a mallet, and 
in the other water is poured down the 
throat with a funnel until vomiting results, 
when the operation is repeated indefinitely. 
Under either of these the victim, it is said, 
will confess to anything his captors desire. 

When the murderer of Mckinley, Czol- 
golz, was first taken in hand by the police 
of Buffalo he was described in the dis- 
patches as perfectly composed and as glory- 
ing in his deed. He was entirely ready to 
talk. He was strong, healthy and free from 
nervousness. 

When he came to his trial, the Associated 
Press account declared him an utter phy- 
sical wreck, scarcely able to stand, pale, 
trembling, speaking in whispers, bent over, 
emaciated. All the good people of the coun- 
try said "What a terrible thing is remorse" ; 
but the police of the big cities looked at one 
another out of the corners of their eyes. 
They knew what changed the jaunty, com- 
placent anarchist into a mass of human 
jelly. Only one thing could do it. 

"Well, he deserved all he got !" cries some- 
one whose heart is still sore o.ver the coun- 
try's loss. Possibly we may see these things 
clearer some day. It was "only a little more 
than a century ago. that the insane were 
beaten, tortured, weighed down with chains 
and starved to death. When we 'come to 
realize that the criminals that we have been 
imprisoning and putting to death are in 
reality only mad people, it would at least be 
a consolation to remember that we did not 
torture them. 

In the big cases a suspect or an accom- 
plice is "sweated" by relays of detectives 
working in shifts day after day and night 
after night. They sleep, but he is not al- 
lowed to. This practice is followed even 
where the police department claims to be 
especially humane; and yet the torture of 
going without sleep was reckoned by the 
experts of the middle ages to be one of the 
very worst. 

Just now the police authorities of New 
York are deliberately trying to create a 
sentiment in favor of the use of torture by 
giving out interviews and articles on the 
suppression of the Black Hand, which they 
say is beset with difficulties because they 
cannot use torture, as the Italian police do, 
and that this is the only thing that will 
strike fear into the heart of the blackmailing 
murderers. 

About a score of years ago a lawless cle- 



ment in 

adopted il lent o 1 the 

-take guilt] 

women. in) pi 

not them-, Ives have pai 1 
hide. .n- -. 11, hinjj leclai 
the) wen 
negro evil-di ers, 1 lid thi 

the contrary the number of sucll 

steadily increased until that seen. in 
Union was in a state of panic. There were 
more and more assaults and more and more 

burnings. Then -< me sam sug- 

gested getting al the real cause ol the 
trouble— the bad whiskey and gin sold 1.. 

I he negroes in their filthy dives. I'hcn came 
prohibition sweeping over the South — and 

the -.lories of horror have almost ceased to 

come to us. 

. Torture is not a success as a crime de- 
terrent. It is not necessary to use it to gel 
the facts with respect to a crime. Even if 
it seems to assist in thai work, the results 
are not worth the price that is paid. It is 
no doubt a regrettable thing that a crime 
should go unpunished, but is it not also re- 
grettable that a lot of brave fine fellows 
whom we call the "guardians of our peace" 
should be brutalized for life? 

We believe that Chief of Police Dishman 
is in earnest about this, as he is in all that 
he undertakes to do. and he should receive 
the commendation and gratitude of all good 
men and women. 

* ♦ ♦ 

WORK THAT COUNTS 



The function performed in this com- 
munity by the City Club is most important 
to the public welfare. With the exception 
of the two newspapers that stand for the 
right in civic matters, the Express and the 
Herald, there is no agency in the city that 
does so much to create a wholesome, just 
and enlightened public sentiment. While 
not more than two or three hundred people 
attend the weekly dinner and listen to the 
matter presented, each of these affects the 
circle in which he moves and he may start 
waves of thought that travel far. And these 
gatherings reported in the newspapers, even 
sometimes in the pro-vice newspapers, reach 
in their final percolations every element of 
the community, making sentiment, and the 
right kind of sentiment. 

* * * 

QUITE DIFFERENT 



The morning machine reactionary jour- 
nal shows perfect complacency over the re- 
moval of Captain Fries. Like the old hen 
that lost her chicks in Maid Margery's, 
famous poem — 

She was more than usual cairn' 
She did not care one single dam. 
It is quite different, however, with that por- 
tion of the community on which the South- 
ern Pacific has no strings — political or 
otherwise. The matter is taken much more 
seriously in that quarter. 
* * * 

A SANE FOURTH 



Evidently Councilman Healev reads Pa- 
cific Outlook. 

Last Tuesday, July 6th, he did exactly 
what we had urged in our issue of July 3rd 
that some councilman should do — he 
in his place in council and moved that the 
City Attorney be instructed to prepare an 
ordinance that would give US a safe and sane 
Fourth of July in 1910. 

In our article we called attention to the 
commercial, factors in the problem 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Fourth. Mr. Healey, in his speech introduc- 
ing the resolution likewise called attention 
to these commercial matters. Hence by a 
Sherlock Holmes process we argue that the 
Hon. B. Healey reads the Pacific Outlook. 

Considering all the mean things we have 
said about him, this is most magnanimous 
conduct on his part. 

Tanks, Barney. 

♦ * + 

TALE OF TWO CITIES 



A Los Angeles restaurant keeper when 
arrested for attempting to bribe an officer 
gave as his defence that he had already 
bribed another official of the city in the same 
matter. Now it may be that in San Fran- 
cisco where the rigging up of a defense for 
bribery has been brought to a veritable fine 
art, this kind of an explanation would 
satisfy people, but it does not seem to work 
here. 

* * * 

PRESS COMMENTS 



Mr. Roosevelt's skill as a Nimrod is 
further shown in his ability to pick out the 
vital spot from the others when shooting at 
a leopard. — Kansas City Journal. 

Abdul Hamid has turned over $5,000,000 
to the Turkish government. This is un- 
doubtedly the largest life insurance pre- 
mium on record. — New York Evening Post. 



The Georgia Railroad is the 'Color Line. 
—New York World. 



The real faith of man. should be directed 
not toward acquiring peace, but toward ac- 
quiring strength for work. — John Ruskin. 

Work constantly. Do not regard work as 
a misfortune to you, nor desire praise nor 
sympathy because you work. Desire only 
the public good. — Marcus Aurelius. 

Only by sin can you evade the perform- 
ance of the law of labor ; by violence, or by 
flattery or by fawning upon those who em- 
ploy violence. — Tolstoy. 



It is better to lose one's life than to flatter 
the base. Poverty is better than luxury ac- 
quired through the wealth of another. Not 
to stand at the doors of the rich and not to 
speak with the voice of a beggar — this is the 
life. — Indian Sayings. 



It is better for a person to starve to death 
at once than to lose his honor and inno- 
cence for a piece of bread. — Thoreau. 



One of Chicago's big meat packers in- 
tends to interest himself in grand opera. 
The prima donnas and tenors will proceed 
to show him that there are circumstances 
in which even a trust magnate cannot ha-ve 
his own way. , 



That mysterious person, "Somebody 
Higher Up," seems to pervade the whole 
realm of human cussedness from prison in- 
vestigations to plain or fancy kidnaping. — 
Detroit News. 



The hardest part about saving money, is 
getting some that you don't owe. — Chicago 
News. 



"Refined sugar has advanced 10. cents on 
the hundred pounds," the Cleveland Leader 
remarks. That is, while it is the sugar trust 



that was fined it is the people who pay the 
bill. This probably explains why they call 
the sugar refined; it represents the refine- 
ment of modern corporation methods. — 
Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. 



The government is sending experts to the 
Salton sea to study the problem of rapid 
evaporation. They can get some experi- 
ence nearer home by watching a few over- 
watered stocks. — Omaha Bee. 



The scheme of the National Farmers' Un- 
ion to build warehouses and hold wheat for 
high prices makes one wonder rather ap- 
prehensively what would be considered high 
prices. — Indianapolis News. 



Perhaps the Standard Oil" pays an occa- 
sional fine just to show that it can afford it 
— Washington Star. 



The people of the great central west ha-ve 
the alternative, if Congress does not revise 
the tariff the right way, of revising Con- 
gress. — Kansas City Star. 



China usually claims to have anticipated 
all modern discoveries. ^It is a little back- 
ward about trying to take the credit for the 
Wright brothers' airship. — Washington 
Star. 



It might be easier to attract the attention 
of Venus than Mars by use of mirrors. — 
New Haven Palladium. 



If ambitious young men want to rise in 
the world let them follow the prices of food- 
stuffs. — Florida Times-Union. 

- V V V 

Atrocious 

The Husband — "Well, say what you will, 
my dear, you'll find worse than me in the 
world." 

The Wife — "Oh, Tom, how can you be so 
bitter ?" — Pittsburg Observer. 



Most as Bad 

"Were you ever surrounded by wolves? 

"No; but I used to open the dining-room 
doors at a summer hotel." — Louisville Cour- 
ier-Journal. 





■■ 


1 




Herbold & Lindsey 

Enterprise Trunk Factory 
'F 3399 654 S. Spring St.' 




1 




1 



"Honesty 


is rower 


j^^. 


Lack of business 


(w*M 


honesty is business 


Jt 


suicide. Our desire 


/l£* l^^v 


is a reputation for 


.^^■{k 


reliability and fair- 


m la 


ness. 


m $mui If 


See our diamonds, 


V ,««i ' 


gold jewelry, watch- 
es, clocks, silver- 


^mhutF 


ware, cut glass. 


BRIGDEN AND PEDERSON 

Manufacturing Jewelers 

507 Couth Spring St. Los Angeles 



Main 2S92 



West... 
Brothers 

Men's Tailors 

"Clothes Builders for 
Men Who Care" 

Designers of exclusive styles 
Ladies' Garments, Rid- 
ing Habits, Etc. 

A Trial Order is Con- 
vincing. vS* <£ 

Suite 101-2 Heme Bldg: 





l£2 W. Third St. 
Los Angeles, CaL 



Be Your Own Landlord 

For Details See 

BRAINERD 

Houses, garages, schools, churches, hos- 
pitals, bunkhouses, structures of every 
size, airtight and durable, built for most 
reasonable figures. 

Call and Inspect Models. Phone or write for Estimates 

H. J. BRAINERD, 507 Chamber of Commerce 

Home Phone A4740 




S. LIPPMAN 

Formerly with Marshall Field 
Co. of Chicago 

First Class Ladies' Tailor 
and Habit Maker 

Also Three- Piece Suits and Shirt 

Waists. Prices Moderate Work 

and Fit Guaranteed 

624 South Broadway Suite 301 

Over Painless Parker's 



=«^ VjE /iT^ ? %= 



So.Broadway J -*"LV ^i^S*^"^ So. Hill Sthkkt 
A. FUSENTOT CO. 

FINE 
PARASOLS 

REGULARLY SOLD FROM 
$6.00 to $8.50 

Your Choice During Elks' Week 

$5.00 EACH 



iF YOU anticipate buying a 
'-_,. X| pmrasol this will be a fortunate 

time to make your selection. 

The parasols at this price are 
high class novelties in beauliful silks, in 
all the fashionable colorings. Tokio 
frames with long ivory tips. Directoire 
handles in all styles of wood. 

The Time to Buy is When You Save. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS 



dquarters i f the c< insolidation 
campaign committee have been movi 
the Chamber of Commerce ; extra telephones 
have been put in for the committee's use. 
+ + + 

Councilman Wallace assures the pe 
that there will l>e no joy ri<les in those two 
;senger automobiles to be rented by the 
police department for use during F.Ik week, 
+ + + 

The receipts of the local laud office for the 

fiscal year just ended were $258,547.83, the 
heaviest in the country. The minimum was 
eptember, $5,401.93; the maximum was 
for May, $51,299.06. 

+ + + 

The Pacific Electric lias laid a double 

track in nn_ Seventh street east of Los An- 
Street to the east end of the station at 
Sixth and Main. These tracks will be used 
for the Long Beach trains next week, re- 
lieving Main street of at least one line oi 
suburban cars. 

* * * 

The chamlier of commerce will run an 
excursion train to the Alaska- Yukon-Pacific 
Exposition at Seattle on August 5, leaving 
in the evening from Arcade depot and reach- 
ing Seattle three days later, in time to help 
celebrate Los Angeles Day. August 9. 
Reservations should be sent in early to the 
secretary. 

* + + 

The recent initiative petition for an elec- 
tion to submit an ordinance extending the 
wholesale liquor district, has been returned 
to Charles Saddler, who originally filed it. 
It cannot he used again, on account of be- 
ing once amended already. Should another 
petition be circulated an entirely new list of 
names must be obtained. 

* ♦ ♦ 

The County Supervisors began sitting as 
a board of equalization, last Tuesday ; ses- 
sions are held daily from 9 to 12 and 2 to 5. 
The assessment books are open for exami- 
nation at 228 New High street. 

The City Council will begin next Monday 
to sit jfc a board of equalization, meeting 
daily at 10 o'clock. 

+ + + 

The total valuation in Los Angeles county 
this year of the properties of public utility 
corporations is $47,517,760; last year, $39,- 
10'*, 715. The aggregate net increase is $5,- 
887,670; total gross increase,' $62,248,960; 
total gross decrease, $361,290. The seeming 
increase of $8,210,045 is reduced by the 
amount ($2,322,375) of last year's assess- 
ment of property of the Interurban Railway. 
now incorporated with the Pacific Electric. 

* + * 

Los Angeles lags behind the times in its 
treatment of public utilities corporations. 
In other parts of this country it has been an 
established doctrine for man) years that the 
public was entitled to know the finaneial 
and physical condition of these corporations 
and their properties. Mere we have allowed 
our public utilities corporations to keep us 
in complete ignorance of their condition, 
giving us at times most inadequate service, 
in many instances grossly overcharging us. 
and generally we have permitted them to 
do about as they pleased. Even now the 
public does not seem aroused to the point 



of demanding of council that legislation be 

adopted looking to a careful inves 

these corporatii 

+ * * 

It is reported that the officials having in 
charge the course of lectures which 
are delivered before the scl 1 chil- 
dren of New York iii) are planning 
next year to have a series delivered 
on Latin America, The International 
Bureau of American Republics has fre- 
quent!) urged that this step be taken, n >l 

only in New York but in other cities where 

lectures are part of the school work. There 
is no better way of awakening interest in ;i 
new field than getting the attention of the 
growing children. In their minds are 
planted ideas which grow with their advanc- 
ing years, and if they are taught when very 
young to recognize the importance of Latin 
America, its vast area, its mighty resources, 
its Splendid potentialities, and its direct re- 
lationship to the United States, they will 
grow up with a true appreciation which 
otherwise would lie lacking of that part of 
the world. Already many of the teachers 
in New York City are giving their children 
special instruction on this subject. 

The "glorious Fourth" as an index of our 
civilization is certainly an ignominious 
Fourth. The programme that might fur- 
nish a day's festivities, and that did former- 
ly constitute the chief feature of its celebra- 
tion, has now been mostly superseded by 
senseless racket, with a melancholy train of 
deaths and mutilations and conflagrations. 
A society for the intelligent observance of 
our natal day has, indeed, been formed, and 
all over the land an encouraging reaction is 
manifest. The city of Springfield, Mass., 
has already achieved noteworthy results, its 
patriotic citizens subscribing generously to 
furnish young and old with a series of 
pageants or historic spectacles that dignify 
the day and leave no mangled limbs or 
blackened ruins behind. And now we learn 
that our national capital lias adopted the 
safe and sensible Fourth-of-July plan and is 
raising a considerable sum for a suitable 
public entertainment, in furnishing which 
the board of trade, the chamber of com- 
merce, and the school committee are co- 
operating. — Dial. 

* * + 

With a view to extending its influence as 
a factor for good government, the National 
Municipal League is soliciting new mem- 
bers. In a letter signed by Charles J. Bona- 
. parte, president of the League, the purposes 
of the organization are thus set forth : 

"It is the purpose of the National Muni- 
cipal League to interest as many as possible 
in its work. As a pioneer in the effort for 
American civic progress, beginning its la- 
bors as early as 1804, and by its careful and 
extended review of the general situation 
prior to the presentation of constructive 
remedies, the National Municipal League 
undoubtedly has been the means of obtain- 
ing valuable results. 

"Its contributions to charter legislation 
have been widely approved, and many of its 
SUgestions have been adopted, particularly 
with respect to municipal home rule. Its 
system of uniform municipal accounting 



d 

ceilings contain mat lire and 

.in by experts of na 
tion, and the League has endeavoi 
times to lie reasonable, practical 
gressh e, 

"Its principal purpose is educational ami 
it- promotion if instruction in municipal 
government in man) of the leading univer- 
sities and colleges of the countrv has been 
i if great public utility." 

Membership in the National Municipal 
League costs $5 a year, George Burnham, 

Jr., of Philadelphia, is the treasurer. 
+ <• + 

In a recent expression of his views of 
democracy and education, Dr. Martin G. 
Brumbaugh, Superintendent of Schools in 
Philadelphia, said : 

"If our democracy is to be essential and 
really the pride and glory of men it must 
rest upon some more fundamental and vital 
institution whose function it is to train in- 
dividuals for participation in the form oi 
government we avow. This prop beneath 
the Republic, this universal factory whose 
output is to make and advance democracy, 
is for obvious reasons the free public school. 

"Two individuals can participate in a 
common cause only to the extent that they 
possess common sentiment and common 
knowledge. To make participation impos- 
sible requires only the absence of common 
knowledge. This holds true throughout. 
Flence our democracy depends upon the 
possession by all its individual participants 
of a fund of common knowledge, which fund 
is the currency of democracy; and the func- 
tion of the public school is to impart such a 
fund of common knowledge to all that parti- 
cipate in our democracy so as to make 
facile the interchange of ideas and the 
reciprocal regard of each for the other. 

"Moreover, the growth of democracy, as 
well as its security, depends upon the 
widening of this fund of common knowl- 
edge. Flence the specific means of promot- 
ing the best traditions in our national life 
will be found to lie in the increased effi- 
ciency of the schools. What the school is 
as the creator of common thought and com- 
mon sentiment determines what our demo- 
cracy is." 




PhcntHomeF1796 Main 6150 



Hair Co. 



Hai rd re **ing 

Shampooing 

Manicuring 

Hair Goods 



743 S. Broaduay, Los Angeles, Cat- 



HIGH CLASS INVESTMENT 



MINES So FARISH 

REAL ESTATE AGENTS 



Removed to 353 S. HIM Street 

RESIDENT AND BUSINESS PROPERTIES 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



*c& 



CAN THE ANTIPODES HELP US? 

Extracts from an Address by President Gates before the City Club, on' 
Politics and Public Life in Australasia 



*2$> 



The remarkably interesting address 
>f President George A. Gates of 
Pomona College at the iCity Club 
uncheon last Saturday should have 
>een reported in full, since Dr. Gates 
lways speaks to the point. His chief 
heme on this occasion was: Can 
Australasia help us? Situated at our 
intipodes and six weeks from En- 
;land, ■ the most isolated people of 
he civilized world are those of Aus- 
ralia, New Zealand and the rest of 
Australasia. With problems so dift'er- 
■nt from ours, can they help us? Dr. 
Jates' answer is an emphatic YES. 
rite following are extracts from his 
emarks: 

* * * 

More successfully than any other 
leople on earth, the Australasians 
lave got together to talk things over, 
ind out "where they are at," and — this 
specially— to take some care for the 
text generation, to conserve natural 
esources for future use. 

The motto of Australasia is "The 
3 eople, " against Everything Else 
Whatever." 

Standing in an Auckland street, an 
>bserver would have a very distinct 
mpression of the wholesome and hap- 
jy faces of the average passer-by, 
vhether young or old, workingmen or 
vorkingwomen. 

Why do they look so comfortable, 
lo you suppose? Why don't they 
ook tired and worried? I'll tell you. 

It is because the law forbids them 
o work too hard or too long, and 
:ompels them to take care of them- 
;elves. The hours are not too long, 
ind why aren't they? Because they 
:an't go to work too early there. It 
s against the law! 

We say, here in the United States, 
:hat we've got to do it; that we sim- 
jly must work early and late, in order 
:o get on, and keep our heads above 
■vater. On what compulsion must we 
—tell me that! 

I requested a cabbie, in one of their 
jreat cities, "Please drive me to your 
;lums." "Our what?" asked he, with 
a mystified look. I explained what I 
neant, whereupon he replied, "Should 
not know where to go, sir." 

If you should ask in New Zealand, 
is I did, where were the quarters of 
the women of the town, you would 
receive such an answer as I received: 
"Sir, there is no such place in New 
Zealand!" 

No slums. No red-light district. 
No overworked laborers. 

About those much-berated labor 
laws, a few words. I had heard that 
capitalists were leaving the country 
because of the unnecessarily stringent 
laws. I made many inquiries in the 
endeavor to find some capitalist to 
interview on the subject. I inquired 
high and low. in this city and in that. 
But not one name could T get. No 
evidence could I collect to show that 
the labor laws are bad. There wasn't 
the least indication that manufacturers 
were pulling out of the country. There 



wasn't a sign of grass growing in the 
streets. 

But it is .complained that the pub- 
lic debt is top-heavy. Well, I inquired 
about that, too. The answer I got 
was this: "Why, my dear sir, we 
want it bigger! We borrow in En- 
gland at 3% and we get 6% here, and 
make 3%. We would like to make 
our debt bigger and get more interest 
on it." 

Strikes are very rare. There is an 
arbitration court composed of one 
employer of labor, one labor-union 
man, and a third member selected by 
the other two. This court is a prac- 
tical one, freed from the technical!- . 
ties of the law. No lawyers are al- 
lowed there. 

They have had a 48-hour week in 
Australia for twenty-five years, and 
for fine work a 42-hour week. Such 
a strange people are they over there, 
at the antipodes, that they think 
women and children are worth car- 
ing for. They therefore have a law 
prohibiting the employment of wom- 
en between the hours of six p. m. 
and six a. m„ and the same applies 
to boys under eighteen. 

When laws like that are proposed 
anywhere, there naturally arises a 
storm of protest. So it happened in 
Australia when the wages law was 
adopted. At a meeting of manufac- 
turers in Victoria they said that law 
would be the tombstone of the pro- 
vince. But just ten years later the 
Victoria ChambeT of Commerce de- 
clared that the wages law had been 
the salvation of the province.* 

The labor unions of Australasia are 
very powerful, and the labor party has 
passed some legislation pretty far in 
advance of the world's present ideals. 
They see that 'they have been rather 
radical and are willing to bide their 
time and be conservative for some 
years to come, and so there is very 
little danger from them. 

But in these days how soon radical 
doctrines become conservative! Fif- 
teen years ago I espoused a very 
unpopular doctrine — government own- 
ership of railroads. But now it will 
not be unpopular to say that, in the 
end, government ownership is quite 
feasible. In Australia it is unani- 
mously accepted, and government 
ownership there is working admir- 
ably. School-boys and girls travel 
sixty miles free daily on the Aus- 
tralian railroads. Labor seekers get 
a rate of one-quarter fare. 

Labor seekers are not only given a 
quarter-fare rate but are earnestly 
and actively helped till they find a 
job. As an illustration here is a case 
I know of. An eighteen year-old lacT 
had newly landed, from the old coun- 
try. He didn't have a friend in the 
world to apply to. But the govern- 
ment learned of his dilemma through 
the usual channels of information. 
The Minister of Labor and the Secre- 
tary of United Labor met and held a 
consultation, in the" course of which 



they spent an hour telegraphing here 
and there 'for a job for the boy. 

Is that better, or worse, than turn- 
ing your back on a boy out of a job? 
Which method will most quickly fill 
a prison? Which will most quickly 
empty one? Isn't it cheaper, in dol- 
lars and cents merely to spend a few 
minutes and a few cents looking after 
the boys, than to spend several thous- 
and in jailing a criminal? 

In Australia they have government 
ownership of telegraphs, too. There 
are many interesting things I could 
tell about the telegraph service, but 
one instance out of my own exper- 
ience will serve. I wished suddenly 
to go from where I was staying to a 
certain city which was then likely to 
be crowded by an unusual influx of 
visitors. So of course I thought it 
best to wire to a good hotel for a 
room to be reserved for me. But 
when I found that the train left al- 
most immediately I reflected that it 
was no use trying to get a room by 
wire in such a short time. Think of 
attempting it in California! But my 
Australian friends insisted that I 
write the message. 

"But gentlemen," I protested, "there 
isn't time to send this message; we 
have to go straight to the train." 

'Have you got a postage stamp?" 
I was asked. 

"Yes," I replied. 

"Very well; stamp your message 
and mail it on the way to the sta- 
tion." 

It was only a little way station in 
a remote district; but I dropped the 
message in the letter-box and jumped 
aboard my train. A few hours later 
I arrived at the metropolis, and went 
to the hotel. Twenty men had been 
turned away but my room was re- 
served for me, in compliance with 
my message received soon after I 
mailed it. 

That message had been transmitted 
within twelve minutes, and that room 
had been held against twenty men — 
in behalf of an absolute stranger. 
Such is government ownership of 
telegraphs in Australia. 

I asked them how they send mes- 
sages so cheaply and have no deficit. 
"Why," said my informant, "we al- 
ways did have a deficit till we lowered 
the rates." 

Gentlemen, let me charge ten cents 
for twenty-word messages, and I 
guarantee to turn the telegraphs of 
this country over to 'you in a few 
years not only out of debt but with 
money in the bank. 

We have no telegraph for the poor 
man but Australia has. They lost 
money when they raised the rates, 
they made money when they lowered 
them. Is there nothing in all this for 
' us to think over? 

But I wish now to speak of an- 
other phase of Australasian life which, 
for me, caps the climax. And I will 
illustrate the phase I have in mind by 
giving you a little incident. 



A dispute arose in the mines of the 
Broken Hill region. The mine oper- 
ators and the miners couldn't agree 
on wages, and a strike seemed im- 
minent. Whereupon application was 
made to Chief Justice Higgins, Presi- 
dent of the federal "Court of Concilia- 
tion and Arbitration." Justice Hig- 
gins went in person to the mines, 
heard the two parties, investigated 
their claims, and at last decided for 
the men, raising their wages. 

After a while the employers of these 
four thousand men gave notice to the 
court that they couldn't pay su-ch 
wages and run the mines. Where- 
upon Justice Higgins again went up 
to the mines and made a more mi- 
nute investigation. For weeks he 
elaborately examined the miners' 
houses, their clothing, their food; he 
examined all the conditions in which 
they lived. 

And then he made his very signifi- 
cant decision. Here is an extract 
from it: "I regard thepayment of 
a living wage as the first essential 
of an industrial condition. A living 
wage is the money necessary to sat- 
isfy the 'normal needs of a human 
being in a civilized community. This 
does not contemplate provision for 
the lazy or the thriftless or the in- 
competent, but only for the normally 
industrious. If an employer cannot 
pay such a wage and operate his busi T 
ness to advantage, it is not a sign 
that the wage is too high. Because 
one employer fails, it does not follow 
that another will. The general capa- 
bilities of an industry must be taken 
into consideration." 

This little incident speaks eloquent- 
ly of a phase of Australian life which 
caps the climax of industrial progress. 
If you cannot pay the awarded wages, 
what do they answer in Australia? 
Do they answer, "Lower the wage?" 
No! not in Australia. What then? 
Why, they answer, "Shut down the 
shop!" 

But shops are not shut down on this 
account. Still, if they were, the fate 
of Australia is not dependent on any 
one mine or shop.. 

The fate of Australia hinges on the 
well-being of the rank and file of the 
people. "First, we must take care of 
men!" That is what Australia says, 
and it is a new, strong, fine note; it 
is the strongest and finest note in the 
world today. 

Our own Henry George used to 
say, "I am for men." The Austral- 
ians say, "We are for men." What 
better platform can there be? 

I wouldn't leave the impression that 
they have no problems in Australasia. 
They have many. 'But they will solve 
them because they meet them deliber- 
ately, composedly, and they apply to 
them abundant common sense; they 
are not radicals, they are not social- 
ists; they merely use common sense, 
and their first consideration is the 
welfare of the people. They won't 

(Continued on page 11) 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

Ad indexed review of all action by Council, Board of Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general intere>t. Record closes Wednesday night. 



Public Worh by Streets 

Sixth fn im I - 

.ir!> lines. 

Twelfth from M ir to I igu 

ill district laid 
mil. 

Fifteenth from Dcwej In Nu'man 
improvement returned 
b) Engineer to Council, the latter 
, inded order for said im- 
provement. 

Twenty-third from Estrella to fjn- 
mncil reconsidered the tl 
d June 22 ordering 
ncd to next Tuesdaj . 

Forty-fifth. 

Forty-sixth and 

Forty-seventh fn m Normandii 
Western; ord. of inl to i stab grade. 

Forty-fifth. 

Forty-sixth and 

Forty-seventh streets, between Nor- 
mandie and Western; ord. to estab 
curb lines adopted. 

Forty-ninth and 

Fiftieth streets, between Normandie 
and proposed Denker avenue; ord. to 
estab. curb lines adopted. 

Sixty-fourth at cor. Crescent; peti- 
tion for a light received. 

Alameda; appeals from assessment 
continued one week. 

Alhambra avenue; Fulton Engine 
Works ask quitclaim deed to perfect 
their title; granted and sent to City 
Attorney for ordinance. 

Alley from Gertrude to Cummirigs 
between 3d and 4th; petition to im- 
prove, filed. 

Alley first south of Second street, 
from Union to Colina; ord. of int. to 
change and estab. grade. 

Alley; first south of First street, 
from Lucas to Witmer; ord. of int. to 
estab. grade. 

Alley; first west of Lucas, from 
Second street to first alley northerly; 
ord. of int. to estab. grade. 



Alvarado; between Glcndalc and 

Aaron; ord. fixing curb line, to 
vide two 20-fool roadways with a 
grade; between Aaron and 1 lus- 
ted on the east and Ewing on the 
west, tO provide for a 40-foot road- 
way; between llusted and Baxter, 10 
provide for a 25-foot roadway; and 
between Baxter and Morcom, taper- 
ing to join the -Morcom roadway. 

Bouett from Park Row to Soil 

. nd from Casano> a to \m tdor; ord, 
d estab, grade. 
Broadway; pet. of Examiner to 
string guy-wires; also across alley in 
rear; granted. 

Buena Vista from Temple to Fori 
Moore; protest Mrs. Baker et al. con- 
tinued one week. 

Commonwealth from Third to 
Fourth; duplicate maps of assessment 
dist. for improvement adopted. 

Cocper street from Portia to Cum- 
berland; name discontinued and given 
designation of "alley." 

Denker avenue between Vernon 
and proposed 48th street; ord. estab- 
lishing curb lines adopted. 

Ellendale avenue from 20th to 22d; 
final ord. estab. grade; passed. 

Ellendale from Lake Shore to Al- 
varado; petition received for street 
improvement. 

Elsincre from Alvarado to Mo- 
hawk; duplicate maps of assessment 
district for improvement adopted. 

Flower from S. P.'s right of way to 
37th Place; ord. of intention to im- 
prove under Vrooman Act; estimated 
cost 70c per ft. 

Haildale between Vernon and 129 
ft. south of Fiftieth St.; ord. to estab. 
curb lines adopted. 

Harvard between Vernon and pro- 
posed 48th: ord. establishing curl) 
lines adopted. 

Hoover from First to Vendoine; 



duplicate ma □ i met 

hn] rovemenl adopted. 

Hope from Pico lo Washington; 
ord of int. passed to estab. grade. 
Jarvis from Amador to Casano' 
final i i d passed i stab, grade. 

Kansas from 42d to Vernon; pcti 
tion lo improve received. 

Lookout Drive from l'ark Terrace 
to Mora, and portion of intersection 
with Canyon; final ord, passed estab. 
grade. 

N. E. cor. of Macy and Clark; City 
Engineer reports furnishing to City 
Attorney descriptions of triangular 
piece ot said corner, for the purpose 
of vacating. 

McKinley avenue from 48th to Ver- 
non; in the matter of instructions to 
Engineer to commence proceedings 
for opening and widening to 60 feel. 
as per petition of Belle Minot et al., 
the Engineer reported that as many 
inquiries are made as to the aban- 
doned opening and widening of said 
avenue between Slauson and 40th, he 
would recommend that the new pro- 
ceedings include the original limits, at 
a width of 60 feet. 

Pomeroy from Soto to Zonal; ord. 
of intention to improve under Vroo- 
man Act; estimated cost $1.47 per fr. 
ft. 

Redondo; petition Lacy Mfg. Co. to 
lay spur-track; granted. 

Reservoir from Alvarado to Glen- 
dale; duplicate maps adopted of 
assessment district for improvement. 

San Fernando Road; petition of S. 
P. Co. to lay spur-track, granted. 

Scott street; see Cooper street. 

Sentcus at 11th St.; final ord. passed 
estab. grade. 

Sierra from Flora to Pomona; ord. 
of int. to estab. grade. 

Sunset and Benefit; electric light 
ordered placed at corner. Los An- 
geles Pacific Co. ordered to repair. 



Vermont from Wa o Wil 

-hire: ; 

Vermont, Mo, 5320; Bd Pub VI 

in il , petition ol I tii 
vioi se & Co install a wagon 
scab . adopted. 

Vermont Square; Lots M V at 

deed accepted from Southw I i I 

Co., for -treet purposes; also i 
portion of -aid lot V, from ( \ 
I lenderson. 

Washington street, n. w. corner of 
Hoover; in regard to petition of C. .1. 
Ilildesheim et al.. the City Engineer 
reports that, the culverts planned to 
cross Washington at Burlington will 
relieve the flooded condition com 
plained of. 

Wilmington from First to Second; 
ord n of int. to change and estab. 
grade. 

Wilton Place and other streets; ord. 
ordering improvement, i. e.. construc- 
tion of storm sewer and remodeling 
of street surface and gutters to al- 
low drainage; Vrooman Act. 

Tract No. 465, a new subdivision 
between Normandie avenue and Wal- 
ton avenue; map adopted. 

Strip 40 ft. wide in n. w. % of Sec. 
13, Tp. 2, S., R. 14 W.: easement ac- 
cepted from L. A. and Redondo Ry. 
Co.. said strip extending from Nor- 
mandie avenue to Western avenue. 

Strip 20 ft. wide from S. W. y 4 of 
N. W. % of Sec. 13, Tp. 2 S., R. 14 
W. ; deed accepted from L. A. Invest- 
ment Co., for street purposes; also a 
partial release of mortgage from 
Fleming and Minnie Franklin, same 
property; also a partial release of 
mortgage from Thomas Connelly, 
same property. 

General Legislation 

Aqueduct; Bd. Pb. Wks. presented 
resol. requesting to be allowed to pur- 
chase, without adv. for bids, certain 



MAY AND JUNE REPORT OF STRE ET GRADING, PAVING AND SIDEWALKING UNDER VROOMAN ACT. 



Sq. Ft. Paving 

'"' 34,453." 



*41. 
11,900.91 



NAME OF STREET ' 

Alley from Eleventh to Tweflth 

Los Angeles from Commercial to Arcadia 

Fifth from Ezra to Concord . 

Adams from Grand Ave. to Main . . : 

Sixth from Trcmont Ave. to Beaudrv Ave 

Benfen Way from Temple Si. to Bellevue Ave ,;■■■•■;; 

Aliso St. from Alameda to Keller Sts l,45,8/S./i 

Emet St. from Concord to Lavema 

Vendome St. from First to Hoover Sts .iiVonni 

Broadway from Temple to California 145SU.U4 

Thomas St. from Downey to Altura 

Scott Ave. from Echo Park to Alvarado 

Third St. from Boylston to Columbia Ave 

Halldalf We. from Thirtyninth to Browning Ave 

Lucas St. from Fourth and First Sts. 

Robinson St. from Temple to First St- 

Second St. from Lomca Drive to Columbia We.,... ',,-,;,', 

Second St, from Mower to Figueroa Si- 13.2IJ4.4o 

♦Asphalt. i Granite. 

May and June Report of Sewers Under Vrooman Act. 

Assessment 
Name of Sired, Delinquent 

Rena St and others J -5-09 

Plymouth and others 6 , '™ 

Moneta Ave. and others 'Z, -~x; 

Eagle We. and others * 3 ™*JK 

Pacific Ave. and others 6-21-09 



Lin. Ft. Grading 

5.570.9 



398. 



7S2.99 



496.45 
1 ,25iJ.^ 



1.707.50 
2.006.71 
1.191,36 
1. 687.77 
1.175.40 
308.72 



I in. Ft. 

Cu.b 

28.45 
56.90 

2.4114,16 

951,32 

1.490.47 

130.20 

992.91 

2,424.88 

157.99 

568.00 

3.177.90 

1,480.34 

2.262.76 

8, 144. U4 

2.297.24 

39.34 

654.46 



Sq. Ft. Cement 
Gufer 

1.160.04 

"2.004." 
6.964.68 

' 4,490.49 

"2,978.73 

4.572.51 

62.80 

1.704.00 

"6.987,76 
7.148.28 
6,016.64 
6,764 86 
1,176.96 



Sq. Ft. Cobble 
Gutter 



Sq. Ft. 
Sidewalk 



334. 

i'31). 



4.5 56.0 



480.60 

183.85 

.5,118.70 

4,964.55 

i, 026.63 
2.840.10 

15.545.38 
7.352.00 
9.051.04 
8.908. 

11.386.80 



.... 17.60 

JCrossw all. 



Assessment 
became delirq 

5-20-09 

6-15-09 

5-5-09 

5-6-09 

5-25-09 

5-15-09 

5-15-09 

5-19-09 

5-22-no 

6-2-09 

6-3-09 

6-18-09 

6-8-09 

6-14-09 

6-15-09 

., 16 i I 

6-21-09 

6-23-09 



tin. Fl. 
Culvers 



Block 
Cutter 



128.29 

J64.04 

5706 

15. 



890.64 
i. 586.66 



Total Coil 

$ 748.02 

10,044.98 

1,908.58 

1. 875.80 
4.492.21 
3,983.01 
36.668.67 
2,061.89 
6.4 
5.413.10 

992.12 
8.470.67 
5.tl69.23 
4.653.32 
5,082.20 
5,2 

490 li 
4,36 



[■ol 
1 



al Cosl 

2,122.88 

1,006.79 

5,967 60 

516.39 

9.994.09 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Leyner drills at not to exceed $4300; 
granted. Suit brought on shovel bids 
by Fairbanks, Morse Co. vs. City to 
restrain from accepting bid of Union 
Hdw. & Metal Co.; plaintiff bid $512 
lower. 

Automobile speed; the Council ap- 
pointed a committee of seven to draft 
an ordinance regulating the t'peed of 
automobiles; the committee consisting 
of Councilman Yonkin, chairman; 
Councilman Dromgold, Police Com'r 
Graham, Chief Dishman, Geo. B. Ellis 
of the Automobile Club, Frank A. 
Garbutt of the Motorists' Protective 
Association, and Leon T. Shettler of 
Automobile Dealers' Association. 

Barber shops. An ordinance regu- 
lating barber shops by requiring li- 
censes from the health department 
and a fee of $1.00 per year was put 
to a vote and lost; City Atty. in- 
structed to re-draft the ordinance and 
present next 1 Ucsday. 

Blue-printing; bids re-advertised 
for. 

Boiler Inspectors' salaries; request 
for raise of the three inspectors' sal- 
aries to $135 ref. to budget commit- 
tee. 

Cement. Supply Committee if coin. - 
acceptance of bid of F. H. Pov.Jl lo 
furnish Golden Gate cement at $2.07}^ ' 
per bbl.; adopted. 

Church taxes; petitions of St. 
Mary's church, First Brethren church 
and Calvert Presbyterian church for 
refund of taxes, granted. 

J. F. Connell,' member of board of 
engineers; hearing of charges post- 
poned to next Tuesday. 

Consolidation ordinances. Out of 
abundant caution, at the suggestion of 
the City Attorney, all ordinances 
passed at the special session relating 
to the consolidation elections, to be 
held at Sar. Pedro and Los Angeles, 
were passed again in regular session 
Tuesday. 

County collection of wharf licenses 
in incorporated cities. The District 
Attorney concludes against the right 
of the board of supervisors to fix or 
collect wharf rates in San Pedro. 

Dye-works; see Fire Department. 

Fire Department; the Fire Com- 
mission recom. that Clerk adv. for 
bids for land for Engine House Site 
in vicinity of E. Vernon and Hon- 
duras streets; submitted draft of ord. 
regulating dye-works and cleaning es- 
tablishments, which was referred to 
Council's legislative committee. Reso- 
lution providing for a 10 per cent 
horizontal raise of all salaries of mem- 
bers of fire department; and raise 
from $1500 to $2400 of salary of Chief 
of Bureau of Police Fire-alarm and 
Telegraph; both referred to budget 
committee. The commission sub- 
mitted an ord. relating to isolation of 
gasoline storages in public and pri- 
vate garages; ref. to City -Atty. for 
ord. The Supply Committee recom- 
mended that Clerk re-advertise for 
bids for hay for fire dept.. The Clerk 
was instructed to advertise for bids 
for 100 fire alarm boxes according to 
specifications submitted by the special 
committee; bids will be reed. August 
17 at -11 a. m. 

Fireworks. The City Attorney is 
instructed to prepare an ordinance 



prohibiting dangerous firew : orks. 

Humane Animal League. Ihe City 
Auditor has been served with an order 
restraining him from paying the de- 
mand of the Human Animal League 
for $3945, being 75% of dog licenses 
collected during June. The suit is 
brought by Emily A. Wilson on the 
ground, first, that at the time the city 
contracted with the president of the 
League, Dr. W. A. Lamb, he was also 
an employe (dog-keeper) of the city, 
contrary to the provision of the char- 
ter forbidding employes to do pri- 
vate business with the city; and sec- 
ond, that no contract can be entered 
into by the city involving over $5CC 
without advertising for bids, not done 
in this case. 

Junk. City Atty. presented ord. 
providing for collection of junk; ref. 
to special com., re-drafted at request 
of police dept., and passed. 

Lights for Public Library; the City 
Atty. submitted a resolution ordering 
Pacific L. & P. Co. to furnish lights 
to the library, and a copy was served 
on the company. 

Lime; bids re-advertised for. 

Park Dept. Automobile; bid of 
Schwaebe-Atkinson iMotor Co. $2750 
accepted. Central Park closets; Park 
Commission requested Council to take 
immediate action; ref. to Finance 
Committee for immediate report. 
Park in Sixth Ward; petition I. W. 
Fox et al., ref. to City Engineer to "re- 
port as to number of signers relative 
to frontage. 

Playgrounds; petition of H. G. 
Adams for playground in ninth ward, 
ref. to Playground Commission. 

Printing street notices; bids reed, 
and ref. to Engineer. 

Police Department. Communica- 
tion from Central Labor Council ask- 
ing for fifty additional patrolmen re- 
ferred to budget committee. The 
chief was authorized to hire two auto- 
mobiles for police use from July 11- 
17. The Council authorized, transfer 
of $1000 to Police Detective Service 
Fund for use during Elks' Week. 

Reserve fund; the Auditor asked 
authority to transfer to Reserve Fund 
all unused balances from various 
depts.; City Attorney instructed to 
prepare necessary ordinance. 

Smoke consumers; petition of Rose 
Oil and Chem. Co. for repeal of por- 
tion of ord. relating to smokeless 
apparatus, so as to exempt their shop; 
referred. 

Sprinkling contract. The Mayor 
called the Council's attention to. an 
apparent ruling out of all prospective 
bidders without complete equipment 
now ready, owing to the limited time. 
The Bd. Pb. Wks. submitted that a 
reasonable time would be allowed for' 
the purpose, and, the Council not in- 
terfering, opened the bids. The suc- 
cessful bidder was the Metropolitan 
Contracting Co.. the only company 
thoroughly equipped; their bid per 
team and wagon was $1.46 per day; 
H. S. McGuire bid $1.48. 

Tax refund; petition of C. and M. 
Deacon for refund of taxes an account 
of arbitrary assessment, ref. to As- 
sessor. 

Water rate refund; petition of Louis 
Bergman denied. 



EVERY VOTE COUNTS 



Los Angeles, :Cal., July. '09. 
Editor Pacific Outlook: 

I am approaching the three score 
and ten line, have lived in Los An- 
geles city and county about thirty- 
four years, have, always tried to do my 
duty as a citizen and thought that 
the time had come when I was en- 
titled to a rest and let the younger 
generation do the fighting. And this 
especially as I have reared and edu- 
cated four boys to take my place, all 
native sons and residents of Los An- 
geles. But events of the past two or 
three years have demonstrated to me 
that we still need every vote and every 
man we can muster on the firing line, 
to prevent the S. P. machine again 
taking its accustomed seat in the 
saddle and controlling the city, coun- 
ty and state, including the Owens 
river and the new harbor at San 
Pedro. Like D. C. McGarvin, they 
look upon the dear people with con- 
tempt as lacking sufficient intelligence 
to vote without some boss to dictate 
to them, and tell them whom to select. 
McGarvin, in that interview published 
in your last issue, says so in so many 
words and makes no bones of it. If 
he is right, universal suffrage is a fail- 
ure and the American people are not 
fit for self government. A not very 
flattering opinion to entertain let 
alone express for one's fellow citizens. 

Now I am glad to say that I do not 
think as McGarvin does. Our intelli- 
gence is all right and our patriotism is 
all right, but we are too lazy and too 
careless to go to the polls and give 
practical expression to our convic- 
tions. We are entirely too optimistic 
and take it for granted that "one vote 
wont count," and that other citizens 
will go out and vote while we stay 
home. 

There are other reasons, one of 
which is a venal press which malici- 
ously publishes misinformation and 
deceives the people. 

Having decided that my services 
were needed I resolved to enlist for 
the war and take my place at the 
front. On making this resolution my 
first act was to join the Municipal 
League and thus got acquainted with 
your journal. Being a very busy man. 
of the first few copies received, I read 
only the department on Municipal af- 
fairs, which I found interesting and 
instructive. I was under the impres- 
sion that no other part of the paper 
held any interest for me, and it gave 
me quite a shock when by accident I 
glanced at another article with a 
catchy headline instead of dropping 
the paper in the waste basket as usual. 
Then I read on and on, surprised and 
gratified to find that we have in the 
local journalistic field so able and 
zealous an advocate of all that our 
best citizenship stands for. I speak 
thus without at all attempting to 
minimize the great and important 
work that is being in this direction 
by the Express and the Herald. The 



advantages which your paper has over 
the dailies is that the matter is neces- 
sarily more condensed and not so 
liable to be overlooked by busy peo- 
ple as in a large daily newspaper. 

I feel confident that should every • 
voter in our city read the Pacific Out- 
look carefully, from week to week, the 
days of the grafter would soon be 
numbered here, and no longer would 
Walter Parker and his aides control 
the action of our city council and 
make it possible for the push candi- 
dates to get a plurality vote at the 
polls. 

What a God's blessing it is that 
neither Harper nor anybody like him 
now' sits in- the Mayor's chair. Then 
indeed would the S. P. people get all 
they want that the council could give 
them, and in all probability they 
would have all they needed at San 
Pedro to make the great harbor mere- 
ly a Southern Pacific turning basin, 
and this in addition to having the 
Owens River project with all its pos- 
sibilities in the hip-pockets of Harper 
and his friends. And yet we were 
told over and over that "Alexander 
could do nothing in the few remain- 
ing months of Harper's term." What 
he has done so far is great and won- 
derful but what he has kept the other 
fellows from doing is greater and 
more wonderful still. 

CITIZEN. 



Pfcone Main 298 

Hill Street Floral Co. 

S. SHIMA, Prop. 

Cat Flowers, Plants and Seeds. 

Floral Designs a Specialty 

955 S. HILL ST., near 7lh St. LOS ANGELES 



Ho 


tel 


Melrose 


120 


South 


Grand Avenue 


Positively a 


first class family 






hotel. 


The 


Melrose has been estab- 


lished 


for many years and it is 


well known 


for the "table it 


sets." 


Rates $2.00 a day and up.- 




leading Clothiers (INC* 

437-439-441-443 South Spring 
Between Fourth and Fifth Streets.. 

HEAD TO FOOT 

OUTFITTER S 

FOR MEN AND BOYS 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



What Boohs Do Men Read? 



chiei 
man 

a was lal 

hings 
— in the continually interrupted way 
icarns things from a 
man in hi- office, with two tele- 
phones on lbs d 
"The tendency on the 1 art of busi- 
men who don'l read much," -aid 
Mr. Parker, "is to spend w h 
they <!" on something 

pro 1 --" in 
• I-'m- instance, take the banl 
The liLtiik s lmlil out an incentivi to 
tlu'ir employes to read works on 
financ ion of Banl; Em- 

- meet regularly and discuss mat- 
if a financial nature, to partici- 
pate in such discussions, as well as 
lo further their own personal inler- 
they are likely to reasi pretty 
strictly within the limit- of their busi- 
ness. 

" \- to the other class of men— the 
nun of leisure — it is hard to say just 

u ha] 1 he 1 k « ill be, for such men 

in a great many fields. But per- 
haps the fields most frequented arc 
fiction, biography and history. 

"No, they don't read mostly fiction; 
fiction takes its chances with the rest, 
though it i- perhaps in the lead. You 
would be surprised and delighted to 
see what a good sort of book the 
iing man is accustomed to buy, 
and how many fields of literature he 
enters. 

"Take for instance municipal house- 
ping, By reason of the activity 
of the Municipal League and kindred 
organizations, there is considerable 
reading done on municipal affairs. 
Many men. not in the habit of read- 
ing at all. will read along those lines. 
Among my customers there are about 
two dozen men of high standing in 
the community who read everything 
of importance of this kind that ap- 
pears. 

"One noticeable feature of men's 
reading is that it nearly all consists 
of things of the day, even of (lie hour, 
something 1 that presses upon us and 
seeks solution. Books on current 
topics, on current affairs — that is what 
the men ask for. I mean the aver- 
reading man — neither the student 
and inveterate reader nor the man 

who reads only in his specialty; I 
in. -an the son of man who 1 eads be 
cause he has a li\ ely interest in things 
in general, and finds a little time oc- 
casionally to look al a hook. 

"These men read, as I said, books 
0,1 current topics ami current affairs 
l"h. y as], for books on « ireless tele- 
graph} . i.u \i . de exploration, on 
municipal government, on aerial navi- 
gation, on political economy; on tin- 
lives of eminent men who have just 



r who have been recently 

spicuotis; on travels in countries 

which are for the moment in the - 
light, such as Venezuela a while 
ir Cuba;— and so on. Th 

d in psychic phenomena and 

the progress ol scientific knowledge 

iit that direction; they like t" read 

1 advancement. 
"But no one book lasts verj lo 
:vet exi elli nl For instance I re 
cad MorleVs Life of Gladstom fl 
was issued in the fall, some four or 
five via. - igo; u was ,1 ral her high- 
priced book, ten dollar-; and it wa- 
in three volumes. You wouldn't ex- 
such a book to be a 'besl seller.' 
but just to show you how even such 
a book has its vogue and then passes, 
observe thai 1 sold thirty-tight sets 
in three weeks, and during the fol- 
lowing six months I disposed of only 
twelve sets. Of course, appearing in 
the fall as it did. a good many of those 
thirty-eight must have been used a- 
holiday gifts. Nevertheless, making 
that allowance, it is clear that this 
expensive and three-volumed biogra- 
phy had its run. just like the latest 
novel. After selling the dozen in the 
six months after the run, 1 have sold 
only on the average two sets a year 
since then. I could give many other 
instances to show how short a time 
a book, of any sort, lasts on the mar- 
ket — for the majority of the reading- 
public, you understand. There are al- 
ways of course readers of old books, 
tried books, but they are a minority. 
The great majority want new books, 
very new books. No matter how- 
good a book may be, no matter how 
strongly it takes hold of the public, 
it will last only from six months to 
one year. 

"This is notably true of war litera- 
ture: books treating of a war that is 
waging, or just over, have a heavy 
but very short sale; the countries con-, 
cerned are read about from all stand- 
points: historical, geographical, po- 
litical, etc. But only for a few- weeks 
or months. 

"We live in a fast age. There is 
a heavy strain on our nerves, on our 
energy. iHence there is a great deal 
of reading, really an enormous lot of 
reading, on the results of such living. 
Books on overstrain, on worry, on 
Christian Science, on the Emmanuel 
Movement, on psychology, on nervous 
diseases — all that sort of reading 
keeps right up: it's a live subject all 
the time. Munsterberg's Psycho- 
Therapy is selling well on that ac- 
count. ft comes from over-strain — 
1 good deal of it. not all of course. 
"Men don't read on artistic subjects. 
esthetic subjects — nut many men. The 
women do the most of that. Of course 
if I were talking about what women 
. -cad, I should have to tell another 
•lory, though I may saj in passing 
hat women are reading more books 
and more kinds of books than men. 
"I may add that it would be a great 



deal easier to tell what books women 
read, 'hut that is another story." 

"Bj the w aj , 'A Woi May- 

or' has the distinction g the 

first equal suffrage mo el, and illus 

traies what I mean by a timely book, 
a h..'.k ..n a current topic, 

"Speaking of fiction. I'm 11. u sure 
how it Stands just at present, but not 
long ago the percentage of fiction 
read in Los Angeles was decidedly 
small, as compared with Other, cities. 
i 1 " not know how to account for it. 
I simply mention the fact. The cry 
against fiction is largely a matter of 
habit, The facts are that some of the 
best discussions of some of our 
gravest problems are to be found in 
novels — not in the 'best sellers' but 
in works by novelists who arc really 
important men in the world, and study 
social problems deeply. 

"Fiction cut a wide swaih in the 
percentage for the year 1908. In fact 
all the figures are interesting. Here 
they are in the annual summary num- 
ber of the Publisher's Weekly. Look 
them over for yourself." 

And Mr. Parker turned to a visitor. 
The figures, as he said, are truly 
interesting. "The books of 1908," the 
Weekly says, "follow closely in the 
footsteps of the books of 1907, but 
falling slightly behind them in num- 
bers. . . . Aside from the re- 
markable growth of business the only 
very striking feature of the literary 
year was the great tidal wave of fic- 
tion, which for the moment threat- 
ened to overwhelm every other class 
of literature. While largely an Amer- 
ican wave, its size and force were 
added to by English novelists, the 
best of whose works were reprinted 
on this side, with those of French and 
Italian writers in translations. 

"Out of the 9254 books placed to 
the year's credit, 1500 were novels; a 
fact unprecedented in the history of 
any one year of book publishing in 
the past. . . . The climax no 
doubt was reached in fiction in 1908. 
the year nevertheless leaving with us 
a realization of a rich promise of 
work, in other fields. Many fine bi- 
ographies and memoirs were pub- 
lished, with monographs on the 
numerous social questions agitating 
the wdiole world at present; educa- 
tion, with the diverse theories of lead- 
ing educators, called out thoughtful 
volumes, wdiile the literature of psy- 
cho-therapeutics gave a great jump, 
testifying to the widespread interest 
the new mental healing has created." 
The interviewer had read thus far 
when Mr. Parker became again ac- 
cessible, and he said to him, "What is 
a poor fellow to do in the midst of 
such an avalanche of books — Jiow is 
he to know which he must read and 
which he can properly neglect'" 

"I regret to say," was the answer, 
"that the various magazine reviews, 
or the advertisements of publishers, 



11 mislea 11 

pelted in many cas to rely on his 

M.i book sell,-, - a r. liabli 
be misleading, too 1 

keep informed, but I am 

scions that I am nol fully s.i 1 

isn't time. Nobodj lias time to enjoy 
thi : j""d things "t in- When 

Charles Wagner's 'Simpli Life' was 
published it met with a verj gi eal 
reception, the sale was enormous. Wi- 
lli approved of it. Hut practice it? — 
we all sighed, and went on at the 
same old double-quick. 

"However, it isn't difficult to an- 
swer the average man's question when 
he asks me what he shall read; he 
has a very vague notion of his own 
wants, and I nearly always know what 
he wants better than he does. 1 am 
speaking of the average reader, mind 
you. not the more discriminating. 
Probably even the more discriminat- 
ing, unless they have time to examine 
the field for themselves, get better 
help from a good book-dealer than 
from most of the reviews — unless they 
know something about reviews and re- 
viewers. 

"Here, however, are a few books 
which anyone can safely recommend 
to' any man willing to read beyond 
the daily papers and outside his spe- 
cialty. For instance here is an ex- 
cellent history and excellent reading: 
Ferrero's Greatness and Decline of 
Rome; it is in five volumes. Charac- 
ters and Events in Roman History, 
in one volume, is another of Ferrero's 
works that is good entertainment. 

"The Government of England, by 
President A. Lawrence Lowell is simi- 
lar in treatment to the famous Ameri- 
can Commonwealth of James Bryce. 

"The Diseases of Society, by Dr. G. 
Frank Lydston, goes thoroughly into 
the problems of vice and crime, trac- 
ing much of it to physical conditions; 
it is a very straight talk. 

"Brain and Personality, by W. Han- 
na Thomson, sold for two months 
last year better than any novel. 

"The late Jeremiah Curtin's The ■ 
Mongols, is a remarkable array of 
facts not elsewhere accessible; his 
The Mongols in Russia is a continua- 
tion of the other. 

"The foregoing will do for sam- 
ples of the best current reading for 
men, aside from fiction. When it 
comes to novels, men like something 
to relieve the "mind, dUch as detec- 
tive stories. Kipling continues to lie 
a favorite; a reprint of John Muir's 
famous dog story. Stickeen. is popu- 
lar; so are the Adventures of a Nice 
Young Man by 'Aix': Henry Ride- 
out's Dragon's Blood; H. G. Wells' 
Tono-Bungay; Mary Johnston's Lewi- 
Rand: Arthur J. Eddy's Canton & Co.. 
a story of business life in Chicago: 
The Man in Lower Ten. by- 
Roberts Rinehart: The- Little G 
story of Philippine life, by Rowland 

(Continued on page 111 



10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



The Rise of a Department 



=•*"» -==5° 



Energy plus honesty plus efficiency, 
all urged by enthusiasm, have created 
for Los Angeles a department of its 
government which is worthy of in- 
vestigation if only as an example of 
what such a combination can accom- 
plish in any municipal activity. Many- 
readers of this article are not even 
indirectly interested in the oil inspec- 
tion department of this city, but all 
those who like to hear of business 
like handling of city affairs will find 
food for reflection in the development 
of this comparatively obscure and sec- 
ondary branch of administration. We 
choose it as a sample of what can be 
done in the city's behalf without hav- 
ing any special interest in oil inspec-. 
tion or in the inspector, but because 
of its general suggestiveness. 

A little more than six years ago, in 
January, 1903, when Chas. A. Black- 
mar was appointed oil inspector, he 
was given a few sheets of memoranda 
pinned together, and one small blank- 
book; he was allowed a little office- 
room and he was informed that he 
was to patrol the oil fields in the 
city and prevent the running of crude 
oil into streets; in addition he was to 
collect the license fees exacted of oil 
men. 

This was surely a small and primi 
tive beginning. But when Blackmar 
stepped into his insignificant office, it 
immediately began to expand; it had 
to expand or bulrst. Not by any 
easy -or gentle process was it made 
comprehensive and powerful. The 
new man was a good double-fisted 
fighter, and at once began punching 
at the abuses he unearthed, and de- 
manding of the council in no uncer- 
tain terms increased powers for his 
office. In fact his demands weii 
made with such certainty and direct- 
ness that many councilmen resented 
them, and measures Urgently needed 
were often delayed or defeated. 

Nothing daunted, however, Black- 
mar persisted in plain and forcible 
English, renewing his requests from 
time to time. Of course in the end 
he won, as a man always -wins who 
is right and has the courage and 
stubbornness to keep at it. He aimed 
at complete inspection and regulation 
of the oil traffic and all its products. 

And now Los Angeles has an oil 
department superior to any other in 
the state, in many respects superior 
to any in the country. Mr. Blackmar 
is receiving inquiries from various 
cities, in this country and abroad, re- 
specting methods, ways and means of 
regulation. In other words, what be- 
gan only six years ago as a mere pa- 
trol and license-collectorship, is now 
the model for a comprehensive de- 
partment adaptable to the greatest 
cities, of the world. Blackmar might 
have gone on, from the outset, draw- 
ing his small salary, working his al- 
lotted eight hours per day, and would 
have entirely satisfied the council: an 
average city employe. But he wasn't 



there, he thought, merely to draw 
down a salary. He looked at the 
matter as any good business man 
must. 

Before Blackmar, oil was sold to 
the city and the statement of the oil 
seller that it contained no water was 
calmly received as conclusive (so like 
the present relations of our public 
utility corporations and the Council), 
and the dear public paid for large 
quantities of dirt and water at oil 
prices. Now, every barrel of oil sold 
the city must pass rigid tests. It must 
not only be of a certain standard, but 
every foreign element in it is detected 
and measured, and when the seller 
receives back his bill O. K. he finds 
that his oil and his bill have really 
passed through the oil inspector's of- 
fice, and in passing both have received 
most careful scrutiny. His statement 
of oil delivered has been checked 
against the report of an inspector, de- 
ductions have been made for foreign 
substances, and the price charged has 
been checked against his contract. 

'Hence in this department of our city 
government the city gets what it pays 
for and pays for only what it gets. 
In fact the comparison so often made 
between the conduct of public and pri- 
vate business to the disadvantage of 
the former does not apply. Blackmar 
and his department could be lifted 
bodily into a private business and 
stand the test for economy and effi- 
ciency. Nor does this man wait until 
the council in its wisdom, after care- 
ful consideration of whom it will hurt, 
pass regulatory ordinances. In the 
words of a certain councilman Black- 
mar is always "buttin' in." Discover- 
ing an abuse in the sale of gasoline 
or other dangerous oils, he invades 
the council chamber, his proposed 
ordinance in his pocket, his head full 
of facts and his heart beating high 
with hope and purpose, also his hands 
and arms full of cans: new cans, old 
cans, cans with labels, cans without 
labels, good cans, bad cans, all kinds 
of cans, and each can breathing a fact 
to point his' deadly argument. 

Given a hearing, he jumps to the 
heart of his subject. He volleys facts 
at the councilmen, rattles cans at 
them, points his finger in their faces, 
demands, commands, and if opposed, 
denounces. Always he is opposed by 
someone who will be hurt by the 
operation of the proposed ordinance. 
Always there will be some who is 
hurt by regulatory ordinances. Nat- 
urally, for the time, these look upon 
'Blackmar as their enemy, and they 
come to the council and protest. 
Council gets all heated up and usually 
listens to the men with protests (and 
votes) and "turns down" Blackmar's 
ordinance. But "what's the use?" At 
the next meeting of council, or may- 
hap a few hours later in the same 
meeting, he is back again, volleying, 
rattling, demanding. More heat, more 
protests. But "what's the use?" He 
gets his ordinance." It may not pass 



as he wrote it. It usually does not. 
He puts too much life and vigor into 
it to suit council. But it passes in 
some form, and a step in advance has 
been taken. And then it is enforced. 
And enforced, an.d enforced. Bet on 
that. Perhaps this explains the care 
exercised by councilmen in passing if. 
If the oil in its troubled course 
through the inspector's laboratory 
slips through a testing machine that 
is not thoroughly up to its duty or 
no machine exists for a certain test, 
no excuse goes forth that existing 
machines are inadequate, no waiting 
for someone somewhere to invent one. 
Blackmar invents one or improves one 
himself, and gives it to the city. 



So thoroughly, honestly and skilful- 
ly has this city employe done his 
work, that he is called upon to act as 
judge of oil disputes between sellers 
and purchasers, and his decisions 
stand as authority. 

'But ability commands high wages 
in this age, and Mr. Taxpayer is now 
prepared to gasp at the size of the 
salary paid Blackmar for his ability, 
industry, courage and honest regard 
for the public welfare. Well, gasp 
Mr. Taxpayer, for you pay Mr. Black- 
mar about as much as you pay a clerk 
in the city's employ who writes fig- 
ures in a book and uses his head only 
to carry his hat on. Blackmar's sal- 
ary is $150 per month. 



*& About Public Libraries *£ 



The following items from the Chi- 
cago Dial concern a department of 
municipal government which by 
many citizens, especially men, is not 
considered of practical benefit, how- 
ever valuable they may allow it to 
be in other ways. Such a view "would 
be likely to undergo a change if the 
three or four items here given were 
multiplied a hundred fold as no doubt 
they could be, if one were to set 
about it. 

As Aids to Business 

The blessings of liberal library sup- 
port are often more than are "cove- 
nanted in the bond." Some of these 
are briefly touched upon in the Aurora 
(111.) Public Library's monthly pub- 
lication, "The Library Guide." 

"Material results," says the writer, 
whom we assume to be the librarian, 
"are often a sort of by-product of a 
well-managed public library. It is 
thought that the public libraries of 
Springfield and Worcester, Mass., 
have done their full share in promot- 
ing the industries of those cities by 
supplying books that have stimulated 
invention, leading to improved pro- 
cesses, better methods, and often to 
new devices. In this way those in- 
stitutions have paid for themselves 
over and over, as have other well- 
managed libraries. 

The indirect commercial benefit ac- 
cruing to Aurora from her excellent 
public library is then considered. It 
appears that the library draws visi- 
tors and readers and book-borrowers 
from many of the surrounding towns, 
and the inference is safe that this in- 
flux of strangers (from no fewer than 
sixteen neighboring towns 'in the last 
few months') brings at least a little 
increase of trade to Aurora's shop- 
keepers. 

Here is an argument calculated to 
appeal even to the most un-bookloving 
of financial committees when the an- 
nual appeal for a public-library appro- 
priation has to be made. 

As Sunday Refuges for Youth 

A sign of promise from Towa 
catches the eye in the current issue 
of the Iowa Library Quarterly, a six- 
teen-page periodical published by the 
Iowa Library Commission. 

The town of Shenandoah, which is 
credited in the latest census with 3573 



inhabitants, seems more appreciative 
of its Sunday opportunity to visit the 
public library than do many larger 
and perhaps more cultivated commu- 
nities of the East. 

Concerning a recent Sunday attend- 
ance we read: "Sixty-seven young 
men and thirty-four young women 
visited the library from 2:20 to 5:30 
o'clock, a total of 101. It was almost 
universally true that everyone came 
in quietly and immediately went to 
a table or shelf, and continued occu- 
pied in reading till he left. 
Almost the entire number who came 
in were under twenty-four years of 
age" — the very time of life when Sun- 
day afternoon is apt to seem designed 
primarily for other than literary uses. 

Another item comes from the Bos- 
ton Public Library, saying that it has 
lengthened its Sunday hours, closing 
now at ten instead of nine o'clock. 
They might easily do worse, both in 
Boston and in Iowa. 

California Library Development 

A new epoch of library development 
in California is entered upon with the 
passage by the last legislature of the 
bill providing for a county library 
system throughout this state. This is 
a direct result of the admirable work 
done by the State Library, within the 
last few years, in the extension, im- 
provement and co-ordination of li- 
brary facilities; and its effect in time 
will be to weld the public libraries of 
the state into practically a single co- 
operative organization, centering in 
the State Library. 

The new law is permissive and elas- 
tic, and libraries may enter the county 
system or not, according to local pref- 
erence; but the intention of the act 
is that the leading public library of 
a county shall assume the functions 
of a county library, extending its privi- 
leges freely to all residents and hav- 
ing supervision of the smaller li- 
braries within its field. 

This will greatly improve the con- 
dition of the school-district libraries, 
now often moribund, which as 
. branches of a live county system will 
be revived to usefulness. 

Good support of the system is as- 
sured through a special county tax. 
and this additional appropriation will 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



11 



A ici 

itraent 

'illy lilir.iri.in M , rtjhcd 

he librarian 
- it« University— this being 

tem rtification for librar- 

ians, sucl leach- 

. i~ striking evi- 

eeling that 

public 111" ;,| be put more 

nearly on a plane with public schools, 

financial mainte- 

e and salaries paid 
+ + + 
Can the Antipodes Help Us? 

have slums, they won't have brothels; 
re trying to abolish poverty. I 
venture to say that the rest of the 
world will have to follow very closely 
the Australian methods, if poverty 
and crime are ; r from so- 

ciety. 

We in the United States are rich 
md dreams We are a great and 
very powerful nation, and we move 
fast. But we are not headed right. 
They, although small and inconspic- 
uous ami moving slowly, are headed 
right. Which will get there first - 

1 do not deeply blame our men of 
wealth for talcing possession of every- 
thing in sight. ()„ r , J.; tne f au ] ti jf 
the trusts own us. 

We are. however, making progress, 
Organizations like this City Club are 
the best signs of the fact. You are 
making progress, in the right direc- 
tion, and you will get there. 

* * * 

What Books Do Men Read? 
(Continued from page 9) 
Thomas; Stewart Edward White's 
The Rivcrman. a lumbering story. 

"Outdoor books are more and more 
asked for: Enos A. Mills wrote a good 
one when he wrote Wild Life on the 
Rockies; and there is David Grayson's 
Adventures in Contentment. 

"Set down these few more: Ches- 
terton's Orthodoxy (essays): Luther 
11. Gulick's Mind and Work and his 
The Efficient Life (how to work with 
health and happiness); Carl Schurz's 
Reminiscences, in three volumes; 
William Winter's Old Friends (liter- 
ary recollections) and Other Days 
(dramatic recollections); and finally 
a volume of verse, The Spell of the 
Yukon and other verses, by Robert 
W. Service." 

* + * 

Why Not Use Our Voting 
Machines? 

The efficient, effective and genial 
David B. Carroll, of the City Clerk's 
Office, comes hack from the East la- 
den with spoils, collected in city halls 
throughout the country. Among these 
is an enthusiasm fot voting machines. 
lie says they are like your favorite 
brand of malted milk; that is, to para- 
phrase the great Patti, "since using 
your celebrated whatever it-is I have 
used no other." In other words, vot- 
ing machines once tried, will never 
be given up without a struggle. 

"Rochester, with a population of 



turns within orii 

hour from the 
Roch. 

Mr C.uroll. 

nance authorizing the expenditun of 
$125,0 ting machines. Kuff 

said. 

"New York City hasn't placed 
them, because the push is too much 
against them; but the city looks for- 
ward to the e. uning session of the 
legislature for an acl allowing their 
use. 

"Los Angeles 
chines, hut doesn't use them. Why? 
Search me!" 

The City Auditor, Mr, Mushet, fur- 
nishes a few inter, sting iti pi- on this 
subject "Ion, years or more ., .... ' 
he say-. "Los Ingeles invested $43,51 
in 52 machines at $700 each, with a 
half interest in thirteen more; these 
machines are stored and insured and 
the city is paying storage and insur- 
ance on them, besides losing the in- 
terest on the investment while the 
machines lie idle, not to mention that 
on the $2550 freight. 

"I have never let an election go 
by for the two and a half years I 
have been in office without demanding 
of the Council that they be used or 
else sold. Naturally they arc depre- 
ciating in value and their selling price 
will decrease every year. 

"Nevertheless the machines the city 
owns are the best model. I was in 
the East in October. 1907; at that 
time Chicago was contemplating buy- 
ing voting machines and asked for 
an exhibit by all makers. There was 
accordingly an exhibit of all styles 
in Chicago, lasting one week, and I 
spent that whole week examining the 
machines. The best one I saw was 
the style Los Angeles owns and it is 
still the best on the market. 

"What is the Council's objection to 
using them? Probably it is because 
some of the Council see that it would 
not require the employment of so 
many election officers. Draw your 
own inferences." 

Here are twenty-one reasons why 
the voting-machine should be used: 

1. It makes voting absolutely secret. 

2. It stops bribery. 3. It prevents 
coercion. 4. It is easy and simple 
to vote. 5. It permits rapid voting, 
(i. It prevents "defective ballots." 7. 
It prevents "repeating." 8. It pre- 
vents identification of the vole. 9. It 
eliminates the "blank vote." 10. It 
gives absolutely accurate returns. 11. 
Its returns are unalterable. 12. It 
stops election contests. 13. It gives 
immediate returns. 14. It encour- 
ages independent voting. 15. It does 
not require repairirrg. 16. It permits 
the consolidation of election precincts. 
17. It is economical. 18. It pleases 
the people. 19. It won't cheat and 
can't be beat. 20. It is in extensive 
use. 21. It is sold under guaranty. 
22. Think up the other reasons your- 
self. 

* * * 
The Practical Maid 
"Y'ou look sweet enough to eat!" 
"I am. I do it about four times a 
day." — Cleveland Leader. 




tfilT OD_]V\lSS 




I he -pint of prophi ■ > has 
over Dr. Dana \\ I'.anlett. who 
the City Club's prim ker at 

the luncheon in the Westminster 

ib.tei tod 
His subject i-'l.o- Angeles, 1915." 

In th of his address he will 

predict specifically important events 
which are due to take place between 
the present time and the opening of 
the Panama Canal in 1915. Whether 
or not he i- an accurate prophet bis 
list "i events will furnish a program 
which Los Angeles could nol do bet- 
ter than to adopt 

Today will also be Ladies' Day. 
All of the members will lie asked to 
invite their wives or sweethearts. 
The members of the Municipal Play- 
ground commission, the Municipal 
Housing commission, and the Muni- 
cipal Art commission, some of whom 
are women, will he the special guests 
of the club. 

The first session of the Yosemite 
Valley Chautauqua is being held in 
the Yosemite Valley, commencing last 
Thursday and continuing until Sun- 
day. July 18th. Following are some of 
the speakers wdio will take part: 
Bishop William M. Bell, Bishop Wil- 
liam A. Quayle of Oklahoma, John 
Muir, Dr. Chas. Edward Locke of this 
city, Francis J. Heney of San Fran- 
cisco, Chancellor Hamilton, Washing- 
ton, D. Cj Dr. J. Q. A. Henry, Los 
Angeles; Dr. E. R. Dillc, San Fran- 
cisco; Dr. W. J. Martindalc, Wichita, 
Kan.; Professors James P. Smith, 
geologist, and Geo. J. Pierce, botanist, 
both of Stanford University; Hon 
Geo. E. Chamberlain, Governor of 
Oregon; Hon. J. L. Bristow, LInited 
States Senator, and Mrs. Lillian Har- 
ris Coffin. The Yosemite Valley 
Chautauqua was organized last De- 
cember, with a board of control, con- 
sisting of Rev. Chas. Coke Woods, 
President, Fresno, Cal.; Rev. F. D. 
Bovard, Vice-President, Berkeley, 
Cal.: Rev. H. W. Peck, Dist. Supt.. 
Los Angeles, Cal.; A. M. Drew. Sec- 
retary. Fresno, Cal.; L. L. Dennett, 
Modesto, Cal.; Rev. Irving Bristol, 
Fresno, Cal.; J. Q. Anderson. Fresno. 
Cal. 

It is hoped to bring about the es- 
tablishment of an educational and in- 
S] national center in California that 
will bear to the Pacific Coast some- 
what the relation borne to the Atlan- 
tic Coast by the famous New York 
Chautauqua. 



It is a striking commentary on the 
essential-fairness of Fremont Rider's 
recent book "Are the Dead Alive?" 
that, almost without exception, re- 
viewers and readers believe that the 
author is a spiritualist, open-minded 
and cautious, it is true, hut still a 
spiritualist. 

As a matter of fact Mr. Rider is. 
it happens, a pretty cold-blooded sci- 
entific observer, not in the slightest 



a believer in - 

but m fairly the 

well a- 1 1 
"i .i question "tangh ,. , 

ill. in anj Othl r." .i- he s;,y-. "with , on 
Dieting theories and obscured with the 
grosses! Fraud and the most deep- 
rooted prejudice both pro and i on." 

It is true, however, as he w< 11 adds, 
thai the burden of proof is with the 
spiritualist and to present the question 
impartially— nay. even to secure ade 
quate hearing, the laltrr's arguments' 
must be given greater weight. 

John Reed Scott, the remarkably 
clever and successful young American 
author, who. in three years of writ- 
ing, has already to his credit three 
novels that reached the best-selling 
lists— "The Colonel of the Red Huz- 
zars", "The Princess Dehra", and 
"Beatrix of Clare" — is gaining fur- 
ther renown and favor through his 
latest romance. "The Woman in 
Question", which was recently pub- 
lished by J. B. Lippincott Company. 
The success of Mr. Scott's new novel 
is unquestioned, as the first large edi- 
tion was exhausted some days before 
the day set for publication. 



In order to keep in touch with pub- 
lic opinion regarding his corporations 
and himself, Mr. Harriman is reported 
as having organized a press bureau. 



A real Fiji man came to Washing- 
ton to attend the international con- 
vention of the Seventh Day Advent- 
ists. He was armed with a club with 
which his former chief in the South 
Sea Islands used to beat the life out 
of American missionaries and also 
with a big dish upon which the chief 
used to serve up meat from these 
missionaries' bones. Club and dish 
were brought along as mute evidences 
of the conversion of the Fiji chief, 
wdio now heads the Seventh Day Ad- 
ventists' Society in the South Sea 
Islands. 



Mrs. G. Howland Shaw was elected 
president of the Massachusetts Asso- 
ciation Opposed to the Further Ex- 
tension of Suffrage to Women at its 
annual meeting which was recently 
held in Boston. The vice-presidents 
elected were Mrs. J. Randolph Cool- 
idge, Miss Anna L. Dawes, Mrs. 
Charles Eliot Guild. Mrs. Charles D. 
Homans, Miss Agnes Irwin and Mrs. 
Henry W. Whitney. 



Helen Keller's teacher and guar- 
dian. Miss Sullivan, is now the wife of 
John Albert Macy. one of the editors 
of "The Youth's Companion." 



The haunting sorrow in the life of 

J. M. Barrie. the author of "Peter 

Pan." is the fact that he is child- 
less. 



12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




NSW 




By MAY RAMSEY THORN 



The first serious American opera to 
be presented in Germany will be 
"Poia," by Arthur Nevin of Pittsburg, 
libretto by Randolph Hartley, who 
was at one time a resident of Los 
Angeles. 

The Royal Opera of Berlin has ac- 
cepted the opera for production next 
winter. The story is based on the 
religious legends of the Blackfeet In- 
dians, among whom Mr. Nevin has 
spent considerable time. He accom- 
panied Walter McClintock, the eth- 
nologist, of Pittsburg, among the 
tribe, gathering materials for the 
libretto, and studying original Indian 
themes for the music. 

Mr. Nevin, who has spent (he last 
few years in Berlin, is now visiting 
in Pittsburg. 

The first production of "Poia" will 
be made under the Kaiser's direction 
next season. 



The Cleveland Leader espouses the 
cause of American music and musi- 
cians in the following forceful edito- 
rial: 

"Good news to the pride of Amer- 
ica, and to its purse as well, comes 
in a letter to the Chicago Tribune 
from Adolf Weidig, a resident of that 
city, who has been abroad for over a 
year, studying musical conditions in 
the big German musical centers. Mr. 
Weidig is a musician of high rank 
himself; a teacher, a composer, a di- 
rector, and so his views have unim- 
peachable authority. And the further 
fact that he is an Americanized Ger- 
man lifts his remarks above race par- 
tisanship. 'What he says bites deep, 
but the bite is made by German teeth. 

"Mr. Weidig laughs at the claims of 
German superiority in teaching; in 
musical progressiveness; in helpful at- 
mospheric conditions. He went to 
some of the most famous conservato- 
ries in Berlin and found the work of 
the pupils so piffling that he records 
one public concert as 'a huge joke'. 
Then he pays his compliments to 
other affairs — scholastic and 'profes- 
sional — and-says he found the like in- 
competency of teachers and stupidity 
of pupils. 

"To make sure that these conditions 
were general, he studied the musical 
situation in Dresden and Leipzig; he 
crossed the boundary lines into Vien- 
na and Prague. Everywhere it was 
the same story. At the best, when the 
work was good, ft was no better than 
that in Chicago, save in the matter of 
opera. And if Chicago does break 
into the operatic game, a situation that 
has arisen since Mr. Weidig went 
abroad, she will overtop these other 
foreign places in that. 

"After his year of study of the for- 
eign musical situation at first hand, 
Mr. Weidig tells the American who is 
ambitious to go abroad for study that 



he will find conditions there no be l - 
ter than they are in Chicago, in New 
York or in Boston. 

"Such a vigorous statement sets 
the seal of approval upon views that 
many intelligent laymen have held for 
years. They have declared it was 
musical mumbojumboism to worship 
only at the foreign shrines; that men 
quite as skilled in technique, quite ai 
much aflame with the fires of talent, 
quite as loyal as to the best of art, 
were to be found in the big American 
cities where the lavish hand of the 
American music-lover had attracted 
and held the best of domestic and 
foreign talent. 

"It is pleasant to have this belief 
endorsed by one so qualified by na- 
ture, training and race to judge sanely 
and solidly. And it is pleasanter still 
to think that American students will 
not have to hoard and starve here and 
starve abroad to get a musical educa- 
tion hereafter. They can have as 
good a one at home without heart- 
breaking sacrifices." 



Miss Alberta Curry, violinist, will 
leave Los Angeles for Europe about 
the first of September. Miss Curry 
will be away for two or three years, 
and will go first to Berlin for a stay 
of six months, and then on to Brus- 
sels where she has arranged to study 
with Cesar Thomson. 

The work of the Stone String Quar- 
tette was commented on very favor- 
ably at the reception given in the 
Women's club house by the Friday 
Morning Club of Glendora. This or- 
ganization put in a good deal of prac- 
tice during the summer months in 
preparation for serious work in the 
fall. 



'Henry W. Savage announces that 
he has completed the selection of the' 
large company of principals and chor- 
us to appear in "The Love Cure," his 
first big musical production since 
"The Merry Widow," and that the re- 
hearsals will begin July 6. It wiil be 
produced early in August at Atlantic 
City and after a week's presentation 
by the sea will be brought to the New 
Amsterdam Theatre, New York. 

The book of "The Love Cure" is 
by Leo Stein, one of the librettists 
of "The Merry Widow," and the En- 
glish adaptation has been made by 
Oliver Herford. Edn.und Eysler, an- 
other Viennese composer, wrote the 
score, which is said to possess a fas- 
cination unique and irresistible. 

To preserve the atmosphere of the 
original, Mr. Savage is bringing to 
America Annie Dirkens, the Viennese 
prima donna, to appear in her original 
role of Nelly. 




During "Elks' Week" when so 
many visitors are in town it might 
be very acceptable to know a few 
places where one may take their 
friends to see interesting objects of 
art. It is often a query just where 
to go unless one is in touch with 
these places and knows what is to 
be seen. 

At Steckel's Gallery, 336'/ 2 South 
Broadway, exhibition of oil paintings 
by artists of Southern California. 

At Kanst's Art Store, 642 South 
Spring street, selection of paintings 
both local and foreign, fine English 
prints and engravings. 

The Little Corner of Local Art and 
Artemisia Book-bindery. East Avenue 
41. Paintings in oil and watercolor by 
local artists; and also beautifully 
hound books done at the bindery by 
Ida Meacham Strobridge. 

At the Blanchard Building, 233 So. 
Broadway, on the fourth floor are art 
studios of oil, watercolor and china 
painting. Exhibition of Art Students' 
League, and collection of pictures by 
Jean Mannheim. 

School of Fine Arts, 201 N. Ave. 66, 
Garvanza. Exhibition of paintings 
by W. L. Judson, also pottery and 
metal work of the crafts school. 

Merrick Reynolds Co., 222 South 
Broadway, collection of art pottery 
from Redlands, Cal., and the New- 
comb of New Orleans. 

In Brock and Feagan's art show 
rooms, 437 South Broadway, may be 
found a large collection of the Rook- 
wood art pottery, the Tcco, the Tif- 
fany wares in pottery, Lavrile glass 
and art metal pieces. 

At "The House of Travel," 921 So. 
Hill, antique furniture, brasses, pew- 
ter, jewelry, dresses, costumes, all 
from various nations and places of 
interest. 

Holtzclaw Allen & Co.. 347 S. Hill, 
antique and art furniture in carved 
woods, tapestries and art decorations. 

Bentz & Co. Store, 213 W. Fourth 
street, Japanese and Chinese antiques, 
exquisite pottery, metals, rare old em- 
broideries. 

In the Oriental Art Rooms of the 
Boston Dry Goods Store, 239 South 
Broadway, and which may be direct- 
ly entered by the marble entrance on 
Hill street, will be found a rare and 
interesting art collection of oriental 
furniture, porcelains, hand embroid- 
ered and carved screens, hand wrought 
metal, rare patterns, and embroideries 
from many countries of the far East; 
ivories and lacquers of special value. 



Among sonie of the moot interest- 
ing sketches that are now being 
shown by the pupils of the Art Stu- 
dents League, which is holding its', 
exhibition at Blanchard Hall, are the 
exceptionally clever sketches drawn 
from costume models by Earl Free- 
man; these are full of action and_ 
color, and show the young man to 
have both genius and ability. 

Miss Edith Osborne, who is a 
faithful student, shows some strong 
and excellent portrait work — the paint 
is put on so loosely and directly and is 
so good in color value, that one feels 
the character and vibration of life left 
by the stroke of her brush. The 
young lady certainly has a future be- 
fore her as a portrait painter. The 
placing of the heads on the canvas 
might show a better choice of spac- 
ing. 

Mr. iCharles P. Austin has some 
very excellent and well drawn figures 
of the nude in black and white. They 
are all small but full of life and 
color and thoughtfully considered in 
proportion. 

Mr. Beryl Cosgr. v.: has a number 
of very clever and well drawn poller 
designs, somewhat theatrical in sub- 
ject, but broadly and directly ex- 
ecuted. More thought might be given 
to better the compositions. 

Some good cartoons have been 
done by Mr. W. A. Lee. 

There are many students who have 
shown strong and thoughtful work, 
and who are striving toward a knowl- 
edge and expression of facts related 
to art. 

Misses Vira Dillon, Gladys Wil- 
liams, Messrs. Prunette Carter, Val 
Castello and Jack Okey show some 
excellent work in black and white and 
oil. 

The Art Students' League'is a de- 
cided advantage to our city and that 
anyone inclined may have the privi- 
leges of studying art under such a 
competent director and from such 
good models, is a credit to our art 
community. 



An exhibition of hand made pottery, 
done by our local art potters will be 
held at "The House of Travel," which 
is conducted by Miss Viroqua Baker 
and Leah Schneider at 921 South Hill 
street during the week of July 12. 
Pottery done by Miss Elizabeth Wag- 
goner, Miss Olive Newcomb, Mabel 
F'ree, Emma Craft and many others 
will be shown. This will be a very 
interesting exhibition for some very 



Face and Scalp Treatments 

HAIR GOODS MANUFACTURED 

Hairdressing, Shampooing, Manicuring. 

Phone F-3592 M. S. MACDONALD 

Combings Bought. Switches, Janes, Puffs., Transformations. 
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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 



ne in 

- will 

till 

-Ill-Ill 
nd embroil 

it this unique exhibition 
From month 10 month tiny put 

■ Ul special exhibits <•! thi 
handicrafts. This should create an 
inspiration an J 

every worker to execute some new 
and original pieces for display .u 
these exhi 



.Mr. Franz Bischoff i> now teach- 
ing a class in Keramic decoratii 
the stuilio of Mrs. R. E. King. Knuts- 
ford Hotel, Salt Lake Lily. Utah. He 
;> expected to return here ihe last oi 
July ami will then go on a sketching 
lour into the mountains. Since coin- 
ing to Southern California Mr. Bis- 
chofl has given much time to ilie- 
of landscape painting, and his 
special theme is the sunlight effe.t, 
impressionistic in ils feeling, lie an- 
ticipates holding an exhibition during 
the coming winter season. His gal- 
lery, which is in South Pasadena, has 
been kindly kept open by his wife to 
receive ihe many Easiern friends and 
pupils that have been guests in Los 
Angeles and who are devoted ad- 
mirers of his work. 



Mis? Fanny M. Scammell, a well 
known china decorator of Xew York 
city and member of the New York- 
society of Keramic Arts, accompanied 
by her mother and sister is visiting 
her brother in Los Angeles. She is 
most enthusiastic over Southern Cali- 
fornia, and while she is here for only 
a few- weeks' visit she is making out 
of door sketches of landscapes and 
studies of flowers for her future work 
in her Xew York studio at ISO Fifth 
avenue. She will conduct a special 
class in Keramics for a brief period 
in San Francisco on her way home. 



Beginning with the .May number of 
"The Keramic Studio" there is a pot- 
tery class being conducted by Fred 
A. Rhead. Full explanations and 
drawings and criticism are given, and 
should be most helpful to students 
of pottery. Special thought is given 
to form and construction and propor- 
tion. Later on decoration will be 
considered. The July number is full 
of excellent designs for Keramics 
from the pupils of Miss Maud Mason 
of New York; also for stencils and 
woodblack prints for workers in gen- 
eral. 



Mr. Joseph Ray, the landscape art- 
ist and illustrator who has been living 
for a time in Los Angeles, left Thurs- 
day for several months' stay in New 
York and the F.ast. He expects to do 
some special work there and return 
here for the winter. 

LETA HORLOCKFR. 
+ + • 

He — Was that you 1 kissed in the 
conservatory last night' 

She— About what time was it? — 
Illustrated Bits. 




t£tvt> 




"A Night and a Day in New York" 
There is i cheerful minstrel like 
flavor to this funny Hoyl farce which 
In th the Belasco Company 

has developed into i gingery musical 
comedy minus a chorus, which no- 
body misses. It unrolls the adven- 
[arhlc 1 1 art , a "dead one" "I 
twenty three, who iliis from New 
Jcr-r rsey to the metropolis to en- 
■ church choii . and insti ad en- 
in his initial bursl of hilarity. 
Richard Bennett attests his theorj 
that there are no small pari, by his 
masterly grip of this milk-sdp role. 




Harry Mestayer, Burbank Theatre 

Not once does he slacken his subtle 
method^ nor degenerate into buffoon- 
ery, and the result will live in the 
memory of his audiences like a Fran- 
cis Wilson creation. No seasoned 
comedian could manufacture a more 
insipid grin, and surely not Richard 
Carle himself could inject more ab- 
surd byplay into the song and dance 
with Miss Reed. It is very fine for 
an actor of Mr. Bennett's caliber so 
cheerfully to show the public what 
artistic energy can do with a light- 
weight role. 

Miss Reed herself exhibits a new 
side of her chameleon art when, in 
a blonde wig and the barbaric glitter 
of a musical comedy star, she sings 
about caravans and the river Nile 
with a magnetism that might lure one 
farther than to Araby. Transccndant 
among the song numbers is Miss Fay 
Baintcr's "Billy Possum," enacted 
with a dainty coquetry quite irresist- 
ible, but marred by the slightest 
stagey rasp in a voice which with care 
will become charming. Charles Mur- 
ray is interesting as a senile actor of 
(he old school, and scores with "I 
Wish f had a Job". Miss Farrington 
-nigs "Yip-l-Addy-I-Ay" as well as 
anyone could who kept I heir feet still 



meanwhile, and Miss Tannehill 
tributes a mtihii- melodj sung in good 
. oic'i tyle. Thi 

ble i- one more leather in the 
cap of this \ ganization, 

"Sergeant Kitty" 

The first offering of ihe new Moros- 
:o Musical Comedy Co., "Sei 
Kitty", is advertised as a military mu- 
sical merriment, and it is. There i 
real musical value in some of its nu- 
merous songs, and they are sung with 
in earnest gusto good to see. The 
company is especially strong in fe- 
male voices. Miss Agnes Caine- 
Brown, Mi-- .Marie Nelson and Miss 
M,i\ belle Baker all sing pleasingly, 
each gracefully yielding the stage to 
the other when occasion demands. 
There is no traceable plot, only a 
iumble of mistaken identities, in which 
Charles Giblyn and Henry Stock- 
bridge, ridiculous in French uniforms, 
are the most prominent and. abused 
figures. Considering the utter ab- 
sence of wit in the lines intrusted to 
them, they da marvelously. Giblyn 
has his inimitable nose, and Stock- 
. bridge's sword continually gets in the 
way of his feet, to say nothing of his 
appearing in a wedding gown and or- 
ange blossoms. Upon these hang all 
the laughs in "Sergeant Kitty". Harry 
Girard fails to invest "I Want What 
I Want When I Want It" with quite 
the proper dash. He does better with 
"Tonight", and the encore "Prairie 
Land" always scores heavily. Miss. 
Caine-Brown is winsome in "Love is 
Gladness" and catches the public fan- 
cy with "Kitty". Miss Nelson's clear 
soprano soars advantageously in "The 
Nightingale", and her duet with Mr. 
Bronson had no better solo than the 
bit about a nice young blonde. He 
is capable of better things. From a 
scenic point of view, the comely 
chorus appears to best advantage in 
the military drill. 



Mason 

"Polly of the Circus," which will 
be the attraction at the Mason Opera 
House during next week, is a won- 
derful play with a record. A circus 
story it written by Margaret Mayo, 
wherein strongly contrasting charac- 



n 
liing hum. in interest The 

: the 

> Theatre York, and 

will bi presented here with all ii 

i iii. equipment and 
lures that won 
n fame and su< cess in its original 
duction. 

i harming, fascinating, pi 
the "circus riding girl," is born of 
generations of circus folk ..ml when 
ln-r mother, ihe greatest rider of her 
day, 'ins ;i victim of her own ambi- 
tion, Polly is left alone. But 
nol without friends, for Big Jim, the 
property foreman, with a heart as gen- 
erous as the breadth of his great 
shoulders, and Old Toby, the clown, 
adopt the human mite and foster her 
like a delicate plant. "Muvvcr" Jim's 
intense and Old Toby's pathetic de- 
votion to their ward is one of the most 
charming touches of the story. 



Belasco 

Elks' Week .at the Belasco Theatre 
will be celebrated with another week 
of Hoyt's "A Day and a Night in 
New York." Nothing that the Belas- 
co players have ofifered for a long 
time has met with such unanimous ap- 
proval as has this three act frivolity 
from the pen of the famous writer. 
Adele Farrington will be seen in the 
part of Miss Florence Reed and 
Charles Giblyn, a new member of the 



£be School of ©pera 

CARL BRONSON, Di.ector 
204-205-218 Blanchard B'ld'g. 

Phone Home Ex. 82. Los Angela 

The Art of Singing 
Breathing 

Enunciation 

Stag* Deportment 
Sight Reading 
Memorizing 

Acting, Directing 

and Accompanying 

Write or Call for Terms 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Devoted exclusively to Music, Ait, Science 

Studios and Halls for all purposes (or rent. Largest 
Studio building in the West. For terms and all infor- 
mation apply to F. W. BLANCHARD, 
233 S Broadway - 232 S. Hill St. 
Los Angeles, California 



STUDIOS FOR RENT 

"Well lighted and quiet studios In 
the GAMUT CLUB Building. Espe- 
cially attractive summer quarters 
for musicians and artists. For 
terms apply to the Manager, 1044 
South Hope Street. 



THE LOS ANGELES 
MUSIC SHOP 

3 15 Blanchard Building 
MAIN 2202 HOME 10082 



§i@@& Wimmc 



IN ALL ITS BRANCHES 



Piano. 



"The Everett's singing or sustaining qua ity 
supports the voice beyond any piano I have 
known." — Lillian Nordica. 

Sold only by 

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(06 W. SEVENTH STREET 
LOS ANGELES, CAL. 



14 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Belasco Company, will make his first 
appearance in the part of Routt Book- 
ker, played last week by De Witt Jen- 
nings. A number of new musical 
numbers will be introduced, including 
offerings by Mr. Giblyn and George 
Field, formerly a member of the 
Montgomery and Stone "Red Mill" 
Company. 



It is computed that "The Merry 
Widow," the present musical sensa- 
tion of Europe, although produced 
only two seasons ago, already has 
been played over 15,000 times by the 
numerous operatic companies that are 
presenting it in England and in all 
cities of any importance on the conti- 
nent. The American production which 
Henry W. Savage has been presenting 



upon the imagination; presents no 
problems. It is just a picturesque, 
melodious summer offering, presented 
by a strong singing company, effec- 
tively staged and prettily costumed. 
It will continue through the week, 
with the usual Wednesday and Satur- 
day afternoon matinees. On the night 
of the Elks' parade the performance 
will" not begin. until the parade has 
passed the theatre, so that persons 
who wish to do so may see both in 
one evening. 



both plays, and besides Fred Mace 
and May Boley, the appearance in 
suitable parts in both plays, and be- 
sides Fred Mace and May Boley, the 
appearance of Bud Ross, James F. 
Stevens, Zoe Barnett, Helen Darling, 
Ed Emery and the others will be wel- 
come to local playvisitors. Special 
matinees will be given during the 
week. 



Grand 
The Princess Theatre Company of 
San Francisco will move to the Grand 
Opera House for a special engage- 
ment there during Elks week. Dur- 
ing their recent brief season at the 



Burbank Theatre 

The popular Burbank players wili 
return to comedy next week when 
Augustin Daly's clever and tremen- 
dously funny adaptation from the 
French, "The Lottery of Love," will 
be the offering at the Main street 
stock house. 

In the Burbank revival William 




Scene 

in New York for one year, and in 
Chicago for six months, will be pre- 
sented here at the Mason Opera 
House on July 26, 1909. 



Majestic Theatre 

"Sergeant Kitty" will run through 
a second week at the Majestic theatre 
where it already has been seen by 
thousands of theatre goers. News- 
paper reviews, printed the day after 
the company's first performance, de- 
clared it to be the strongest singing 
organization ever heard in stock work- 
in Los -Angeles. This is high praise 
but apparently it has been endorsed 
by the public, the Majestic being per- 
iaps- the best patronized theatre- in 
town during the present week. 

It is doubtful whether a better bill 

ftBan _ ~"Sgrgeant Kitty"" could have 
been selected for Elk's Week. It is 
, a frolic set to music — music of the 
Milting, haunting quality that audiences 
J carry out of the theatre with them 
and hurry home to try Over on the 
. piano. Its story makes no demands 



from Polly of the Circus, Mason Opera H. 

Mason this excellent musical comedy 
company has won to itself a host of 
friends and admirers in Los Angeles. 

The plays to be offered during the 
week are "The Rounders," a musical 
comedy from the pen of Harry B.- 
Smith, and Ludwig Englander. It 
was the vehicle used for the opening 
of the Princess season in San Fran- 
cisco, and ran at the home theatre for 
three weeks to capacity business. 
Fred Mace is cast as the Duke du 
Paty de Clam, an eccentric French 
nobleman, and May Doley will be 
seen as "Thea," the principal actress 
of the Theatre des Varieties in Paris. 
' The action takes place in the land of 
Bohemia of Paris and is full of the 
life and ginger of that part of the gay 
city. 

The second half of the week will 
see a revival of "The Umpire". Fred 
Mace's great hit, which scored such a 
big triumph at the Mason. It is 
deemed advisable to revive this for a 
few nights, owing to its enormous 
popularity. All the Princess princi- 
pals will be seen in suitable parts in 



Desmond will be seen as the much 
troubled Adolphus Doubledot; Miss 
Louise Royce as the interfering 
mother of his first wife, the role in- 
trusted to Miss Lovell Alice Taylor; 
Miss Blanche Hall as Josephine, 
Doubledot's second fancy; John W. 
Burton as her sportive father; Harry 
Mestayer as Tom Dangerous, a young 
man who is an adept in the gentle art 
of flirtation, and H. S. 'Duffield as 
Capt. Merrimac. 

The scenes of the comedy are laid 
in Riverdale, a fashionable suburb of 
New York City, and in Newport. The 
play was originally produced at Daly's 
theatre, in the heyday of its triumphs, 
and in the original cast were such 
distinguished players as John Drew, 
James Lewis, Frederick Bond, Mrs. 
Gilbert and Ada Rehan. 



Over 15, OCX) actors are walking the 
streets of New York, going from of- 
fice to office seeking engagements. 
From now until August 1 the 
offices of the theatrical, produc- 



ing managers of New York will 
be crowded from 9:30 in the 
morning until 5:30 in the even- 
ings. The rank and file of the pro- 
fession endeavor to contract for their 
services for the coming season before 
hieing themselves away for the coun- 
try or the seashore. Each year the 
profession is becoming 'more crowded 
than ever, although about the same 
number of companies are sent out on-, 
the road. Each year hundreds of pu- 
pils have graduated from the schools 
of acting and an equally large num- 
ber join the profession without ever 
having gone through a dramatic 
school. How many thousands of pro- 
fessionals manage to exist from the 
end of one season to the beginning of 
another is a subject that has given 
many statisticians of the theatre con- 
siderable thought. Even during the 
very flush of the season there are 
thousands of actors out of employ- 
ment in New York. It would seem 
that the young man or young woman 
who has cast anxious eyes on the 
stage as a profession would hesitate 
long before taking up what is to many 
a precarious mode of earning their 
daily bread. — American Musician. 
* * * 
Poultry Note 

A country minister in the course of 
his visiting stayed at a house where a 
roast chicken was served for dinner. 
The chicken looked good to him. 

"Well," he facetiously remarked, 
"here's where that chicken enters the 
ministry." 

"Hope it does better there than in 
lay work," remarked the small boy of 
the family, who recognized an oid 
barnyard retainer. — Life. 



Christian Science 



Services 

Sci- 



Fourth Church of Christ, 
entist — Service at 11 a, m. in 
Symphony Hall, No. 232 South 
Hill St. Sermon from the 
Christian Science Quarterly. 
Subject: 

"SACRAMENT" 

Children's Sunday School, 
9:30 a. m. 

Wednesday evening meetings 
in Blanchard Hall, No. 233 So. 
Broadway, at 8 o'clock. 

Reading Room, 510 Herman 
W. Hellman Building, Spring 
and Fourth streets. Open daily, 
except Sunday, from 9 a. m. to 
9. p. m. 



Christian Science Services 

Second Church of Christ Sci- 
entist— E'bell Hall, 18th and Fi- 
gueroa streets. 

Third Church of Christ Sci- 
entist — Simpson Auditorium, 734 
S. Hope Street. Services Sun- 
day 11 a. m. and 8 p. m. Ser- 
mon from the Christian Science 
Quarterly. Subject: 

"SACRAMENT" 

IChildren's Sunday School 
9:30 a. m. Wednesday evening 
meetings at 8 o'clock. Reading 
Rooms, 510-511 Herman W. 
Hellman Bldg., Spring and 
Fourth streets, open daily, Sun- 
days excepted, from 9 a. m. to 
9 p. m. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



15 




It i 

Phoenix race will nol go through. 

el F, C. Fenner, the winner of 
last year's race, stronglj 
the ro - and 

Imperial Valley and he is supported 
P. Bullard, president of the 
Maricopa Club of Phoenix, Arizona. 

II as by mo>t of this year'.- en 

Fenner states some of hi- rea 
for the -land he has taken, as 
follows: As winner of last year's 

ould say what course the race is 

run over; it is conceded in all 

- that the winner has the pick 

;ition. and if Col. Fenner should 



mobiles in the race, an 

Prospective nitric- are I 

White steamer, Stearns, Chadwick, 

Franklin, Appcrson, and Elmore, 

Tin- race pron iecpnd 

only to the Santa Monica 

The total mileage of the course is 

start will be made from the 
Hollenbeck Hotel on Monday, No- 

ii r 1st, probably at midnight in 
order to finish at Phoenix during the 

time. A meeting will be held 
Monday to settle details 



A great crowd will witness today's 
Santa Monica road race. The scat 
sale has been very l'ea\y, and prep- 



N 


ml 




w&m&ZM I s • MB -: 


m& ^3 






SLV^ 



Colonel F. C. Fenner in His White Steamer "Black Bess." 



this year, he will be willing to 
allow the victor the same privilege 
next year. Then the course should 
be as straight and contain the least 
number of miles possible.- The route 
proposed by Leon T. Shettler is 
longer and necessitates traveling on 
the railroad tracks which is a great 
disadvantage; it subjects the con- 
testants to delays, and enables an en- 
trant with sufficient influence to have 
trains held up for his special bene- 
fit. It would not do the other racerjs 
any particular good to beat the White 
steamer over a new course, as Col. 
Fenner could always say that they 
never could have done it over the 
old one. Then again it would be an 
expensive proposition if all the en- 
trants had to learn a new road. 

Col. Fenner will drive Black Bess 
again this year, and is positive that 
the run will be made in 24 hours or 
less, or an average of about twenty 
miles an hour. 27 hours and 30 min- 
utes was last year's schedule. 

If sufficient entries are received, he 
thinks that the cars should start thirty 
minutes apart instead of one hour as 
before 

Extensive preparations are being 
made for the race. In addition to se\ 
oral attractive silver cups, cash prizes 
of $1,500 to the winning car and $500 

to the second machine will be given 
There probably will be seven ai 



arations are being made for all-night 
parties so as to be sure and have a 
good place to view the contest. 

Perfect road conditions will prevail 
at the start of the 202-mile race, as 
steady work has put the combination 
of roads forming the course into such 
shape that slight imperfections pass 
unnoticed. 

Eighty miles an hour has been made 
by some of the cars in trials, which 
should ensure an exceedingly fast and 
thrilling race. 

In addition to the Dick Ferris per- 
petual challenge cup for the big car 
race, the Leon T. Shettler perpetual 
challenge cup for the small car race 
and the firemen's fund cup for the 
fastest lap in the race, Chanslor & 
Lyon have given the association a 
very handsome cup to be given to the 



car making the n 

in tin ::- w ill he determined 

;i time, and the 
car thai de\ iate- the least numb 
minul mds in each lap o 

race will be entitled to tin- cup. 

mii .ii 'he contest b 
of the American Automobile a: 

lion i- No. 47 

One thousand dollars will be given 
to the winner- of thi la i gi i class, 
$300 to the -. I mm, I car and $200 to the 
car finishing in third place 

Six hundred collar- i- the fn-i 
prize fm the -in, ill class winner, $300 
for the car receiving second place and 
$100 lor the third car. 

Following is the list of officials se- 
lected for the race 

Frank A. Garbutt, referee; A. B. 
Daniels. Fernando Nelson and Henry 
T. Hazard, judges; W. II. Thayer, 
chief timer; Horace B. Day, clerk of 
course; Walter Chanslor, scorer; D. 
B. Rose, paddock inspector; W. E. 
Bush, P. A. Renton and L. L. Brent- 
ner, technical committee; A. N. 
Young, Robert Atkinson, Volney 
Bcardsley and C. S. Anthony, umpires. 

It is proposed to construct an auto- 
mobile race track near Riverside 
which would be one of the finest in 
the United States. 

The plan is to form a syndicate of 
automobile men and capitalists and 
issue stock to finance the project. C. 
R. Dundas, who is one of the prime 
movers, announces that there will be 
no delay in the matter. A site of fif- 
•y-two acres of level river bottom 
land is being considered by the pro- 
moters for the proposed automobile 
track. The site is close enough to a 
number of marble quarries to allow of 
the use of screenings and marble dust 
in constructing the surface of the 
track. 



A carload of Corbin cars has been 
received by Capt. H. D. Ryus, the 
local agent. 



The first of the Moreland make of 
cars designed by Nat Moreland of this 
city has been, turned out. The body 
of the car is a four-passenger toy 
tonneau, but other models will be 
made by the new factory, planned by- 
Mr. Moreland, embodying all styles 
of body construction. Work on a 
new factory is expected to commence 
in a few weeks. A location is now 
being looked for. 



A 24-hour track race meet on the 
Bennings track, at Washington, un- 
der the auspices of the Maryland 



On of 

Baltimore will 

and Saturday. July 16 and 1/. 

nrists trat 

li Canada and drove 
throueh Maine, in 1906, and found 
everywhere route the coun- 

tryside alive with thi from 

fifty mile- around to wel< omc thi m 
then ha- not been in the conditions 
so inn. h invitation for non contesting 
cars I" join this annual classic, just 
for the sport of it, as there is Ibis 
year. It would be worth while going 
along for the sake of participating in 
the festivities being arranged at Min- 
neapolis, where two days are to be 
spent. At Denver, where two days 
more are to be put in, there will be 
another jamboree of enthusiastic wel- 
come. The citizens of Minneapolis, 
headed by the Minneapolis Automo- 
bile iClub, have raised a fund of sev- 
eral thousand dollars and appointed 
a committee of entertainment, headed 
by Col. F. M. Joyce, president of the 
State Association, to give the tourists 
a large time. It will astonish some 
eastern motorists to learn that the 
Minnesota A. A. A. is now the second 
largest state organization in the coun- 
try. At Denver the same preparatory 
conditions prevail as at Minneapolis 
and at every night stop along the 

route there is promised a rousing wel- 
come. 

Secretary E. L. Ferguson of the 
A. A. A. contest board will be on the 
tour and will have charge under Chair- 
man of the arrangements for the tour- 
ists. 



In a recent lecture Dr. Watson, an 
English engineer, gave tabulated re- 
sults of a number of experiments 
with different quantities of gasolene 
and air for use in gas engines. His 
tests showed that the richest charge 
that can be used to advantage is that, 
in which the gasolene is equal to one- 
fourteenth of the air. 



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Home Telephone & Telegraph Co. 

716 S. Olive St. Los Angeles, Cal. 




"Greatest Electric Railway Sys- 
tem in the World." 

The Pacific Electric 
Railway 

There is Only One Way 

To Reach the Principal Cities 
and Towns, Mountains and 
Seashore Resorts of Southern 
California. 

Information and literature re- 
garding the great Mt. Lowe 
trip, Beach Resorts, and other 
points of interest from local 
agents or Passenger Depart - 
ment, Room 296, Pacific El'.ctric 
Building, Los Angeles, Califor- 



Htta0 £a%r lutbr 

VOICE CULTURE 

French, German and Italian diction 

Coaching for Opera, Concert and 

Oratorio 

Studio 330 Blanchard Building 

Exchange 82 

"Monday and Thursday mornings: 
Tuesday and Friday afternoons. 

Residence Phone A 9045 



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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Vol. VII. Mo. 3. 



Los Angeles, California, July 17, I909- 



5 Cents $1.00 a Year 



THE MAN IN THE GUTTER 

-ktil in a recent maga- 
zine article "I- it better to lift the man from 
gutter "r abolish the gutter?" The 
writer contents himself with merely asking 
the questii n, although the article, winch 
scue work now under way in 
New \\>rk City, shows how grotesquely in- 
adequate it is to the necessities of the case; 
ami that may be construed as a form of 
answer. 

illustration is graphic, but not logic- 
al. We cannot abolish the sutler : it rep- 
resents a physical necessity. But \\ c may 
be able to find out what semis the man 
there and abolish that. 

Suppose we try the same form of ques- 
tion on a variety of issues. 

Is it better to feed and clothe the pauper, 
or put a stop to poverty ? 

I- it better to establish more courts and 
more prisons, or cut off the supply of crimi- 
nals? 

Is it better to take care of the drunkard, 
ut a curb on the liquor traffic? 

Is it better to fight corruption in office 
and endure inefficiency, of elect capable, 
honest men to these positions? 

Is it better to take care of cases of ty- 
phoid, dyphtheria, tuberculosis and scarlet 
fever, or get pure water and pure milk, 
abolish the slums and make people live de- 
cently? 

"But you can't." whines the pessimist 
and sneers the cynic. "There is no core 
for poverty, crime is on the increase, pro- 
hibition doesn't prohibit, elect a good man 
ice arid he starts right in to graft, peo- 
ple will never learn to live decently, you 
can't do anything with the slums " 

That will be about all for those two. 
Somebody get a gag and a muzzle and pump 
the horse i troUgh full. 

"Better, perhaps," says the reactionary, 
"but in most cases impractical. We must 
consider vested rights, and the interests of 
business. Take the usual anti-poverty idea, 
for example : it begins with heavy taxes on 
the very rich through incomes and inheri- 
tances. It calls for a complete upsetting of 
our tariff scheme. It involves government 
works to provide every man employment, 
when necessary, government insurance for 
old age and for sickness of workers, assist- 
ance to mothers, free medical attendance for 
the poor, free text-books and free breakfasts 
at school — yes I know what the program is, 
but do you consider that these things are 
mam- of them advocated by Socialists, yes 
sir, Socialists, and that shows how wrong 
they must be " 

Well, we have no more time to waste on 
him. A man who thinks he can settle an 
argument by calling somebody a name is a 
pretty cheap lot — intellectually speaking. 
He lias always been in the way of things 
—that reactionary chap. If his advice had 
been followed, the race could Still be living 
in caves, gnawing its meat raw, clothed in 
foul-smelling hides, and beating its wife to 
death for a diversion. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 

Published Every Saturday 

837 South Spring St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 
Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered as second-class matter April 5, 1907, at the postofnee at 
Los Angeles, California, under the act of Congress of March J, 1879. 



"Better, yes," says the next one, "and pos- 
sible no doubt ; but think of the work, the 
mountains of work required to get at the 
foundations of things and correct them 
there. And it is such dull work, and the 
results won't show for a generation or two. 
To nurse a fever patient is beautiful and 
romantic, but getting a milk ordinance 
passed is commonplace. To relieve the 
poor at your back door is most gratifying to 
one's pride. It makes you feel better all 
over. It is scriptural and religious ; but you 
can't find anything in the Bible about an 
income tax or an old-age pension. Any- 
body can rave about graft and bad admin- 
istration, and his neighbors will all agree 
with him; but if he helps to get up a bona- 
fide reform proposition, he is a nuisance and 
a butter-in. As for the liquor traffic, you 
will have to excuse my mentioning that, 
as it might cause some depositor to take his 
account away from our bank." 

Well, get out of the way then, and don't 
block up the passage. If you won't work, 
thank Heaven there are others who will. 
What are we here for anyway, if not to 
work? What else is there in life worth the 
exertion of twenty breaths a minute? We 
must rest, of course, and we must have 
pleasure, but those are merely the by-pro- 
ducts of the great staple — which is the big 
job of making the world better for us all to 
live in. Nothing else really counts. "There 
are two kinds of people in this world," says 
Ella Wheeler Wilcox, "those that lift and 
those that lean." We all choose to be lift- 
ers, don't we? All but the feeble-minded, 
the decrepit, the criminal (and many of 
them help) and the too-rich-to-be-bf-any- 
earthly-use. 

"It isn't the \vork," says the man who 
thinks. "The people of this world are not 
iazy; and they are clever enough to know 
that it is much better to stop evils at their 
source than to waste time fussing with small 
driblets here and there, when the stream 
has grown large. The trouble lies in the 
fact that the work at one end is necessarily 
communal, while at the other end it may be 
individual. Anybody can lift a drunken 



man from the gutter, or feed a pauper or 
two, or nurse a case of sickness; hut when 

you undertake to correct the great caus< o 
these, your individual work is useless. It 
takes 1 city government to abolish slums, 
protect young people from evil, or inspect 
milk; and it takes national or state govern- 
ment to cope with povert) and the making 
of criminals. 

"And when it comes to community ef- 
fort," continues .the last speaker, "thai can 
be entered only by the gate of Politii 
There are a number of make-believe routes, 
but they all lead up to this one finally. And 
that gate seems to be in the possession of a 
gang of freebooters called bosses, light- 
weights, most of 'em, whose only use for a 
city government is to milk it for privileges 
for the corporations they represent. Just 
so -long as this arrangement continues, just 
so long will people who wish to help the 
world be compelled to work on the surface 
of things, instead of getting clown to the 
roots of things, where their work would be 
1000 per cent more effective." 

Right you are, friend, but do you notice 
these big engines-of-war that we are bring- 
ing up now to attack the bosses' gate? 
They are named as follows: I. Direct 
Legislation. It The Recall. III. Direct 
Primaries. IV. Effective Permanent Or- 
ganization of Good Citizens. 

Watch the situation closely for the next 
few years. You are likely to see lots of 
things happen. 

* * ♦ 

THE UNNECESSARY GEN. SHERMAN 

There was once a General Sherman who 
was distinctly needed in the history of tins 
country; but his name was Tecumseh, not 
Moses. 

We have never been able to understand 
this tradition, or superstition, or obsession, 
which exists in some quarters that our city 
government is likely to "melt, thaw, and 
resolve itself into a dew," unless the pro- 
tecting aegis of thi's genial personality is 
spread above it. 

There are any number of good reasons 
why the military hero from Arizona— that 
grizzled veteran of a thousand territorial 
caucusses — should not be on the Water 
Board, in addition to the legal one that our 
City Attorney almost discovers. 

General Mose is the local representative 
of E. H. Harriman. Personally we don't 
know Mr. Harriman from any other confi- 
dence operator with a black moustache, but 
we have the word — the shorter and uglier 
worc l — of Theodore Roosevelt, a might good 
authority, that he will bear a lot of watch- 
ing where things are lying around loose — 
as thev are in a municipality. 

The' hero of our sketch— as the puff- 
writers say — is also head of a great system 
of city and suburban railways. In that ca- 
pacity he must constantly do business with 
the city — for franchises and such-like truck. 
Possibly we are over squeamish, but it does 
not seem quite the thing — 

He is, moreover, a pretty large cog in the 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



state political machine — not large enough 
to be photographed with his hand resting 
proudly on the shoulder of Abe Ruef, but 
still right up in the front row of those who 
do things absolutely on the quiet. It is fine 
to be a boss, and to have all the cheap 
guys of politics look up to you, but it is 
finer yet to be the man who gives the boss 
his orders. Such a joke, too, when the pub- 
lic doesn't suspect. Te ! he ! 

And that time — don't you remember? — 
when the Morning Reactionary undertook 
to work a loaded dice game on Farmer Lee 
Gates, among those present and assisting 
in the Come-along act was our genial com- 
missioner, his pockets full of phoney money, 
and on his countenance a smile that would 
make a dentists's show-case look like a few 
grains of rice. 

On the subject of the McDonald bank 
wreck, we decline to be. interviewed, but 
there was a paper called the Times — a sev- 
enteenth cousin or so of the thing we know 
now — that in those days used to publish 
three or four columns in every issue about 
General Sherman of Arizona, and most of it 
would make mighty interesting reading if 
anyone had the patience to dig it up. 

But, returning to our list of reasons- why 
not ; is it safe, we ask, to trust even a small 
pinch of our city government in the hands 
of one who is so desperately beloved by all 
his fellow-men that they will give up every- 
thing to him when he asks for it — even to 
the policy of a newspaper? We know that 
men must love him, because he is rarely to 
be seen — at the club, on the highway, any- 
where — without his arms around the neck 
of two of them at once ; and they do say that 
the only reason why he does not have his 
arms about the neck of some more, is that 
he hasn't but two arms. 

And lastly, the question naturally arises 
as to whether any one individual — no mat- 
ter how many arms he may have — should 
be allowed to exercise unlimited power in 
a community. Why, man, he doth bestride 
the narrow world like a colossus — one mo- 
ment flattering the dull, cold eat of old 
age into the abject surrender of a once 
great newspaper to a policy at variance with 
the beliefs of a life-time, next rendering 
unto corporations the things that are the 
city's, then bossing the bosses, then filling 
vacancies in the Board of Public Works, 
constructing corporation wheels within 
wheels, running railways, politics, finance, 
looking out for the interest of E. H. and 
H. E. — all this and more — of which the 
gumshoe leaves no whisper — is enough, 
without a water-commissionship. They 
don't mix well — so much oiliness and water. 

However, we are saying all this merely 
to relieve our own, and perhaps the public's, 
feelings. We have, in reality, little hope. 
The Mayor asks for the resignation. It is 
refused. And then comes the courts, and 
the courts, and the courts. And if we do 
succeed in throwing Jonah overboard, some 
confounded whale is sure to cough him up 
later. So, what's the use? 
♦ * t 
CRIMINAL COWARDICE 

The law makes a special offense out of 
resisting an officer. It should make a spe- 
cial offense out of striking a man with an 
automobile and then running away — an of- 
fense to be met with a punishment of great 
severity. 

Accidents will happen and even the most 
careful, conscientious chauffeur may some- 
time strike a pedestrian. But no form of 
apology, excuse or extenuation can be of- 



fered in behalf of the man who, after he has 
met with an accident of this kind, sneaks 
off in the hope of evading responsibility. 
That should constitute an offense in itself, 
entirely separate from the other, ■ and it 
should be punished not by a fine, but by 
service on a chain-gang. 

We are at a loss to understand the point 
of view of a Justice of the Peace who has 
before him a man committing this offense, 
as was the case in Los. Angeles last week, 
and who is satisfied with a fine of twenty- 
five dollars. The chauffeur offered as' an 
excuse that he "did not think the man was 
hurt much" — which was quite true — and 
that he "intended to report later." These 
•excuses are entirely insufficient — in fact 
that particular offense has only one excuse 
viz, that the chauffeur did not know that 
he struck the man. This is almost a physi- 
cal impossibility. 

Laws and ordinances with regard to the 
automobile are still in a chaotic condition, 
and no doubt many lives must be sacrificed 
before the mutual rights of the machines 
and the pedestrian are established. Every 
time a fatal accident occurs the lines are 
drawn a bit tighter, with the concurrence 
usually with the automobile people them- 
selves. 

Before we get that job well finished, the 
problem of the air-ship will be upon us — 
joy riders throwing out champagne bottles 
to hit us on the head, and reckless aviators 
slam banging into one another. 

* + * 

McALEER, MUSHET, MAYORS, MAYBE 

Thus far the city mayoralty campaign 
seems to have yielded only by-products. 

We had thought of McAleer as a kind 
of a good-bye product, but we were in error, 
it seems. 

His reincarnation at this stage of the pro- 
ceedings is calculated to put fresh interest 
into the query: "Do the dead live?'' 

There are evidently 101 people in this 
city who are afflicted with an inordinate 
curiosity. They want to find out how many 
votes Owen McAleer will get in a try-out 
ballot. One hundred of these are the sign- 
ers of his nomination petition ; he is himself 
the other one. 

During the years 1903 and 1904 McAleer 
was councilman from the first ward, and 
not such a bad councilman either. 

He was positively the first man in these 
parts that had the nerve to say No to Mr. 
Huntington when he asked for things. 

We have not developed very many of that 
kind in the six years that have passed since 
then. 

In the fall of '04 the city got reckless and 
took a chance on McAleer for mayor. Sny- 
der, it seems, had just a little out-stayed his 
welcome. 

Stung! Everybody stung! 

It takes a pretty good figurer to avoid 
giving satisfaction in any quarter. 

McAleer certainly did bump the bumps 
all the way down, and we might have had a 
good laugh over it, if he hadn't been carry- 
ing so many of our eggs in his basket. 

As it was, when he went out of office the 
entire population looked like eating green 
persimmons — not because they were sorry ; 
oh, no! Just weary, that was all. 

And now he is running again, everybody 
will vote for him excepting the prohibition- 
ists and the saloon men and the machine 
and the independents and the tough element 
and the good citizens and the politicians 
and the business men, property owners and 
a few more. 



With Mushet it is different. Whatever 
he is — and there is some doubt on that 
point — he is certainly not a joke. 

As David Ross Locke says concerning 
"London Punch": There is a disposition 
here in "America to make fun of that publi- 
cation, but, as for me, I never saw anything 
funny about it." 

Mr. Mushet certainly takes himself seri- 
ously enough. Not gifted by nature with 
the faintest sense of humor, his is the sad^ 
case of a reformer with whom the reform 
has struck in. The faculty of maintaining 
a perspective between himself and the rest 
of the world has long since left him, and in 
his mind's eye, Horatio, he is Atlas with 
the earth on his shoulders, Hercules per- 
forming all his twelve labors at once, or — 
as he is an Englishman — let us say Welling- 
ton crushing the French at Waterloo. 

There are many of his former friends and 
supporters who regard him as one gone en- 
tirely mad through the glare of a tuppenny 
lime light and the fumes of an ounce or so 
of printers' ink. We cannot agree to that 
view, but we are compelled sadly to admit 
that he has fits, and that when the fit is on, 
truth and fancy, honest man and grafter, 
reason and absurdity, all look alike to him. 

But here is his candidacy looming right 
up before us like a sore thumb, and it is to 
be reckoned with, particularly by the Good 
Government forces whom it most affects. 

Yes — we are going to speak with blunt 
frankness on this subject — partly because 
we like to, and partly because we don't 
know any better. 

There is one quarter where Mr. Mushet's 
100 yard dash is regarded with a compla- 
cency that approaches joy, and that is the 
machine. 

The organization's only hope of winning 
the mayoralty is to split the Good Govern- 
ment forces, and it thinks Mushet makes a 
noise like a wedge. The machine leaders 
are patting him on the back, and their 
morning organ will give his campaign the 
friendliest publicity. 

In the try-out ballot, however, he wili 
get no support from that quarter. The 
machine vote will be concentrated on the 
man whose name they want to make sure 
of getting on the final ballot — where but 
two names are to appear. 

Right here is where the beauty of the 
try-out ballot comes in. On that ballot 
there will be the machine name and the 
Good Government nominee, and then a lot 
of others, Mushet among the number. As 
the machine .vote will probably concentrate, 
we expect to see their candidate lead the 
poll. Who next? Mushet? We do not 
think it; but we say with all frankness that 
if the auditor can pull through to second 
place in the try-out ballot, he is then en- 
titled to the cordial support, in the final 
campaign, of all the anti-machine forces; 
for with all his occasional lapses from sani- 
ty, he is honest and well-meaning and will 
never knowingly barter off the city's inter- 
ests to the corporations, as any machine 
candidate is likely to do. 

But we are entirely at a loss to see where 
the votes are coming from to land him sec- 
ond in the try-out. If the machine were 
certain enough of its position to throw him 
a big block — but it cannot afford to take the 
chance. By his brutal and unwarranted 
attacks on the School Board and his too- 
evident truckling to the Times, Mr. Mushet 
has hopelessly estranged the Good Govern- 
ment people ; and yet the support he is ex- 
pecting to get must •come largely from that 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



camp. The Record, which seems to be 
making his campaign for him, can throw 
him some votes, particularly in the Sixth 
and Seventh wards, and it is for that reason, 
and that only, that his candidacy lias any 
politii icance whatever. And if we 

were working under the old nomination sys- 
tern, or if he could run independent on the 
final ballot, he might then make a Success 
of the wedge role, which will now result in 
failure. 

After he has dropped out — with the try- 
OUt ballot — then the Record and the Times 
will go hack to the machine, and Strive t'> 
carry Mnshet's disappointed following — 
whatever there is of it — over to the corpo- 
ration camp. Sorhe of it will go perhaps, 
hut the great hulk will return where it be- 
on the Good Government end of the 
contest — and no great harm done by the 
auditor's little miscalculation. 
+ + + 
A FINANCIAL HANDICAP 

This is the season when the city authori- 
ties make up the budget for the next fiscal 
year and the citizen takes some account of 
his municipal stock — so to speak — as to its 
past cost and probable future assessments 
and dividends. 

The people of Los Angeles must grow ac- 
customed to looking a certain important 
fact squarely in the face: that this city for 
the next ten years will be under a pretty 
heavy financial handicap. 

This arises out of the peculiar physical 
condition under which the city exists. All 
cities have to have water, and those that 
own an equipment are very generally in 
debt for it. But they are not compelled to 
carry- their water for more than 200 miles 
over hill and dale, as we are. As a rule, 
the water investment of American cities is 
under $10 per capita. With us it is in the 
vicinity of $100 per capita. It was a ground- 
hog case — we had to have the water, and 
nobody- regrets our past action. Only there 
is the debt to be paid at $500,000 a year and 
interest which at the finish will amount to 
over $750,000 a year. And we all recog- 
nize the fact that the present $25,000,000 
issue is not quite the end of that piece of 
work. There are some fractions of tail to 
go with the hide. If power is be to be de- 
veloped and if local distribution is to be 
accomplished — and there is really no "if 
about either of these — there goes from $5,- 
000,000 to $10,000,000 more. 

Then there is the harbor. There is an- 
other form of expense that does not fall 
on every city, and even those cities that face 
the water are rarely called upon to spend 
money as we must do to accomplish what 
is designed at San Pedro and Wilmington. 
Our project calls for $10,000,000 in the next 
ten years — and we are going to need every 
cent of that. 

Then, a city of marvellous growth, such 
as we enjoy, and of progressive tendencies, 
is compelled to — or at least does — spend 
money as an older, more conservative, set- 
tled down community never will. Never 
for more than a few months at a time have 
we had school room enough. We are in a 
state of chronic arrears on public building 
space, on fire houses and equipment, we 
own no land — worse luck ! — and are com- 
pelled to buy at high prices all that we use. 
These conditions have impelled us to keep 
our bond issues just about up to the limit, 
before we entered upon the water and har- 
bor. enterprises. 

There is no disposition on the part of our 



people to complain <>f all this, nor '■■ 
any apprehension a- t.. the outcome. We 

understand that from next year on there 
must be a steady increase of city taxes t<' 
meet interest and sinking fund, and that it 
will, in all probability reach a prett\ high 
mark along about 1914 t<> 1918, 

In the case of utilities with an income — 

and that includes water, harbor and power 

ment on sinking fund may lie sus- 

led i'm' several year-. For that reason, 

and because the admirable financing of the 
present water system makes that Utility 
carry more than its own burden, the tax 
payer will dodge trouble this year. 

However, it is not the amount he pays, 
hut the question of whether he gets his 
money's worth that most concerns the busi- 
ness man and property owner. In the mat- 
ter of harbor and water we are not indulg- 
ing in any luxury, but are providing For an 
absolute physical necessity of the city. 
Without them there will be no great metro- 
polis here. Furthermore, in the long run, 
they 7 are sure to carry themselves from the 
liability column of the city's finances over 
to the assets. 

We expect the water from Ovens river 
to enter the San Fernando -valley in 1915. 
The water burden will then be at its highest 
point — a million and a quarter a year. From 
that time on, however, the sale of water to 
neighboring cities and to the settled regions 
of the county will rapidly increase; in a 
few y r ears the water system will be carry- 
ing its own burden and perhaps before 1920 
it will be ready to help out the harbor. 

But the harbor — that, too, must in time 
carry its own load, and ultimately yield a 
revenue for enlarging the work. And the 
power that is developed on the Owens 
river aqueduct will not only take care of 
its own bonded indebtedness, but will, from 
the very beginning, yield die city handsome 
returns. 

This seems to be a case of having your 
cake and eating it too. These tilings — 
harbor, water and power will increase the 
city's population, add greatly to the value 
of its real estate, and yet, in the long run 
they will cost the taxpayer nothing. 

But there is a time in between when they 
will press heavily- — we cannot get away 
from that. 

♦ + ♦ 

CALIFORNIA'S LITTLE LEMON 

Elsewhere in this issue we publish an 
article sent to the Pacific Outlook by Ex- 
Senator Cornelius Cole, evidently by reason 
of our comment of a week or two ago on 
Senator Flint and his position on the tariff. 
We publish the article as a courtesy to Sen- 
ator Cole, and from a desire to be somewhat 
more than fair — not because it has any bear- 
ing on the real issue as we attempted, too 
awkwardly perhaps, to put it. 

Senator Cole's argument is that a higher 
tariff on lemons is a good thing for the 
California lemon-grower. Well, we admit 
that now, as we admitted it in the original 
article. 

We must confess to an inability to follow 
the ex-Senator through the remainder of his 
argument: that adding 42 cents a box to the 
price of lemons will make them cheaper to 
the consumer. However, that is not the 
main issue. 

What was the main issue, as we en- 
deavored to present it in that former 
article? 

It was this: that the tariff on lemons, 
which.is of some value — admitted— to a few- 



citizens of Southern California 

price Senator Flint paid for it. 
It was "ii thai point that we expn 

Our di nil',-, and in spite of the fact tli.. 

have been jumped upon prett-j frequently, 

we are gi ling - 

What did Senati ir Mint pa j 
and for a few other din! i uia items 

like orange peel oil and li^s: 

Merely his vote and influence in I'.n 
all the rest of the A 1< 1 rich programme. 

\\ here does California gel 

Less than one per cent of its population 
is interested in lemons, but everybody buys 
sliMes and stockings, on which Senator Flint 
voted to raise the tariff above the Dingley 
Act. 

For years the people have been crying 
out against the high price thai must be 
paid for the necessaries of life. They go 
up. but the poor little salary remains about 
the same. 

Finally the Republican party which, in 
war time, when revenue was needed, had 
introduced and established the high-tariff 
policy, declared that the time had come to 
loosen the collar on the spots where it 
galled the worst. 

And this is how Mr. Aldrich, who more 
than any other man in public life represents 
the trusts, the big interests, the ruthless 
rich — this is how he keeps the party's 
pledge : On the vast majority of commodi- 
ties where the tax presses heaviest — no 
change; on 300 unimportant (for the must 
part) items a decrease; on 300 items, many 
of them articles of absolute necessity, an 
increase over existing duties. 

The net result, as estimated by fifty of the 
leading Stalwart Republican newspapers of 
the country — including such ultra-conserva- 
tives as the New York Tribune and the 
Chicago Tribune — is that prices on the ne- 
cessities of life will undergo a decided in- 
crease. 

Senator Flint of California (Perkins, too, 
but nobody expects anything of him!) was 
one of the votes that Aldrich could count on 
through thick and thin. He took programme 
from -start to finish. 

What did he get out of it? 

Some dinky honors of which his machine 
organ boasts inordinately — 

.And lemons! 

The price was too high. 
+ + + 

PRESS COMMENTS 

It is a good thing the press of the country 
has some courage. It seems that about all 
of it has leaked out of most of our public 
men. — Galveston Dailv News. 



If the Porto Ricans have a valid grievance 
against the United States, Mr. Taft should 
discover what it is, and move for its rectifi- 
cation. Possibly their anomalous situation 
with regard to citizenship is sufficient for 
their irrascibility. — Rochester Herald. 



And so the ''ultimate consumer is a 
myth ?" The general idea heretofore has 
been that he is the goat. — Washington 
Times. 



There are a lot of people who will lie sur- 
prised to learn that lemons have not been 
on the free list. — The Commoner. 



As for the tariff, Mr. Taft is playii 
great game of golf. — Chicago News. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS 



The New York Bureau of Municipal Re- 
search has published a pamphlet answering 
the question, "What should New York's 
next Mayor do?" It takes 19 pages to an- 
swer this question to the satisfaction of the 
Bureau. The question of what the next 
Mayor of New York will do can be an- 
swered in just about four words, however. 
As follows : Whatever Tammany orders 
him. 



The State of Wisconsin, which is, as a 
rule, progressive in municipal matters,- has 
passed a law providing for the commission 
system for its cities, but the law is only a 
travesty on the Iowa law, and is calculated 
to do more harm than good. The commis- 
sion consists of a mayor and four members, 
the former elected for six years and the lat- 
ter for four — but there is no provision for 
a recall. They can be removed only by 
process of law, which means never. There 
is no initiative, and the referendum must 
be used within 60 days after the passage of 
an ordinance, and a 20 per cent petition is 
required. No referendum can be invoked 
on a franchise grant. Evidently the cor- 
porations still enjoy a substantial pull with 
the Wisconsin legislature. • 



San Francisco has at last gotten rid of 
slot gambling machines. 



A certain Ulysses G. Glick was recently 
fined $800 for holding up Federal office- 
holders for campaign subscriptions. He 
was secretary of the, Delaware State Re- 
publican Committee. Can this be the same 
Ulysses K. Glick that figured in Los An- 
geles politics in the later '80's, provided the 
poison for the suicide of murderer Ansch- 
laag the night before he was to suffer on 
the gallows, and was subsequently in 
trouble in various parts of the country for 
having too many wives? The name is the 
same. 



The city council has decided that garbage 
must be handled outside the city limits, and 
the county supervisors are planning to head 
off the use of any portion of their domain 
for such a purpose. For many years Chi- 
cago buried its garbage in long trenches, 
and this system has been used in many 
cities without giving any great offense. 



A faint glimmer of light on the question 
of esthetics vs. property rights at last shows 
through in a Superior Court (U. S.) de- 
cision. It is pretty thin, but let us make the 
most of it. In a case where a city had ven- 
tured to limit the height of buildings, the 
court held that it was justified in thus us- 
ing its police power because of fire danger; 
and the decision naively adds that the fact 
that considerations of an esthetic nature 
also entered into the reason for the passage 
of the law would not invalidate it. For this, 
much thanks. While the court will not 
tolerate a law having beauty for its purpose, 
it does not object to beauty as. an incidental 
consideration. Much more gratifying is the 
opinion of Judge Worthington of the Fed- 
eral Court of Maryland, which John Simp- 
son, writing in the Municipal Journal, 



quotes as follows.: "While admitting that 
the weight of authority was against the en- 
forcement on the people of the legislative 
conception of artistic beauty and symmetry 
the court holds that it may be that, in the 
development of a higher civilization, the 
culture and refinement of the people have 
reached the point where the educational 
value of the fine arts, as expressed and em- 
bodied in architectural symmetry and har- 
mony, is so well recognized as to give sanc- 
tion under some circumstances, to the ex- 
ercise of the police power even for such 
purposes." This marks something of a 
revolution in decisions on this issue. 



Garry Hermann, lieutenant of George 
Cox, the despotic political boss of Cincin- 
nati, was not elected to the herdship of the 
Elks after all. A Los Angeles morning 
paper, itself a machine organ, asserts that 
his defeat was largely caused by a fear 
among the Elks that his election might re- 
sult in the development of a machine with- 
in the order. Now the Elks are a decidedly 
liberal lot, and in politics they are not 
"goo-goos" by a long mark. Leading pro- 
fessional politicians are members of the or- 
der in almost every city in the Union. But 
even in that camp there is rebellion against 
too much machine. Hermann is a charming 
personality, a big-hearted popular fellow 
and would have made no doubt an excellent 
record in the place he coveted — but scores 
of votes went against him, because he was 
a lieutenant of the terrible Cox. 



The San Pedro-Wilmington saloon prob- 
lem has been solved by council by the prep- 
aration of an ordinance, which will go into 
effect as soon as consolidation is accom- 
plished, allowing San Pedro twelve saloons 
and Wilmington two. Under existing ordi- 
nances the city of Los Angeles can have 
only 200 saloons, and unless provision is 
made for the saloons now existing in San 
Pedro and Wilmington, when consolidation 
takes placej those concerns will be put out 
of business. It is only fair to all concerned 
that existing conditions should be accepted. 
If, at some future time, San Pedro should 
wish, by some form of local option, to di- 
minish the number of saloons— which is 
abnormally high for the number of people 
there — that is her own affair. 



The aqueduct pot-au-feu continues to 
simmer, and for some time yet is likely to 
send out odors savory and unsavory. With- 
out doubt conditions at times and in places 
have been bad and have needed correction. 
Without doubt also the city has in its Board 
of Public Works and in the managers of 
the aqueduct enterprise men who are com- 
petent to handle this problem, and who 
must, by this time, appreciate its serious 
importance. Nothing is gained by abusing 
the men for "kicking". 



In his book, "The Money God", John Van 
Dyke gives Los Angeles in his list of the 
half dozen best-behaved and best-looking 
cities of the United States. We knew it al- 
ready, but it is pleasing to have it con- 
firmed. 



Buffalo has five school medicai inspec- 
tors. They had fondly hoped that when 
vacation came and the schools closed they 
would have two months or so of good loaf- 
ing, but the health authorities have made 
them fly inspectors for the good old sum- 
mer time. We have heard of fly cops — fly 
inspectors are new. 



The Summer Vacation School in connec- 
tion with Bethlehem Institute is now in full 
swing with an enrollment of 150, and an 
average attendance of 125. The children 
range from 2 to 15 years in age and classes 
are formed to meet the requirements of the 
various ages. Story-telling is a feature of 
all grades, helping to make the studies more 
interesting, and the practical side is always 
emphasized. The older boys who take up 
wood sloyd are taught to make articles of 
use in the home and the girls in the sewing 
classes employ their time to advantage by 
making articles of wear and service. Some 
of the other subjects taught are clay model- 
ing, pottery work, basket work, etc. Music 
also has its place. The school is taken for 
a trip every Wednesday and this week East- 
lake Park was the objective point, where 
the children studied the animal and plant 
growth. The pupils are largely of foreign 
parentage, Spanish, Jewish and Russian 
predominating. 



The June number of the Arena contains 
an excellent article by Judge John D. 
Works of Los Angeles on the subject of 
the Recall. 



<^B.f^= 



317-325 

So.Bhoadway 



314-32 2 

So. Hill Street 



A. FUSENOT CO. 



FINE 
PARASOLS 

REGULARLY SOLD FROM 

$6.00 to $8.50 
Your Choice During Elks' Week 

$5.00 EACH 



BtjSSjj^F YOU anticipate buying a 
parasol this will be a fortunate 
time to make your selection. 
The parasols at this price are 
high class novelties in beautiful silks in 
all the fashionable colorings. Tokio 
frames with long ivory tips. Directoire 
handles in all styles of wood. 

The Time to Buy is When You Save. 



The foli itistical report for June 

of th Humane Societj 

Children, - ie and 

char.i ompiatnts re- 

iplainta investij calls 

"ii in .117; 

children involved, - boys 46, total, 

131; children relievi given, 

41; children placed, \2: married, 1: re- 
turned to parents and relatives, 2; court 
Juvenile (.'"nrt. 20; Superior Court, 
rt, 2. 
Character of Complaints 
gleet, 20; abuse, 14; cruelty, 10; 
drunken parents. 6; failure to provide, 4: in- 
corrigible, 3; destitute. 3; immoral mothers. 
3: rape. 2: seduction, 2; little children in 
Whittier, 2: wanting to hoard child, -' : kid- 
naping, _': desertion, 1; destitute. 1; beg- 
ging, 1 ; violation of theatre law, 1 ; i 
tion of child lahor law. 1 ; runaway girl, 1 : 
runaway boys. 4. 

The Home 
Parents living, 39; parents dead, 7; par- 
ents separated, 13: father dead. 11; mother 
dead. 10: mother insane, 2. 
Race 
American. 57 ; Mexican. 5; German, 3; 
Italian. 3: colored, 2: Hebrew, 2: Spanish, 
2: French. 2: Russian, 1; Porto Rican, 1; 
Japanese, 1. 

Religion 
Protestant. 49; Catholic, 29; Tewish, 2. 



Washington proposes to get at the 
rooster problem by a new form of legisla- 
tion. Under the proposed plan chickens 
will not be allowed in any block 75 per cent 
of which is occupied by residences and their 
grounds. 



The police department is asking for an in- 
crease of $100,000 in their apportionment to 
cover the addition of 100 men to the force. 



From present appearances the character- 
istic feature of the budget of 1909-10 will be 
more automobiles. 



Philadelphia's municipal indebtedness is 
drawing near to the $100,000,000 mark. 



The gas company of Minneapolis offers 
to reduce its price from $1.00 to 90 cents 
hereafter, if the city will relinquish its right 
to purchase the plant in 1910. 



It took 10.000 wagon loads to carry off 
the dirt raked.out by Pittsburg on its clean- 
up day. 



Having recently voted to become a dry 
town, Worcester, Mass., is enlarging its 
water supply. 



Chicago has an ordinance allowing the 
selling or setting off of firecrackers only on 
a permit granted by the Fire Marshal. Out 
of 300 applications all were, on investiga- 
tion, refused but one. 



Boston is abandoning the creosote wood- 
en block pavement about which the city au- 
thorities were so enthusiastic several years 
ago. It wears well, but is too hard on the 
horses. Philadelphia, however, is about to 
give wood blocks a new trial. 



NATIONAL MUNICIPAL 

LEAGUE NOTES 

In addition to the National Municipal 
rue's active members, who number in 
ixi'r^- of 1,500, there is an affiliated mem- 
bership in the various states and in foreign 
lands which aggregate more than 16 
This membership is composed of those who 

belong to the various municipal or local i r- 
ganizations affiliated with the League. 
There were 168 such organization 
ported on April 1, 1909, the total enrolled 

membership being 162,473, Thirteen asso- 
ciations belonging to the National Munici- 
pal League failed to report their member- 
ship. 

The Bishop of New York, the Rt. Rev. 
David H. Greer and Francis J. Henej oi 
San Francisco, are among the most notable- 
recent additions to the membership of trie 
League. 

+ + * 

Members of the National Municipal Lea- 
gue will find much of interest in the addi- 
tional pamphlets issued by the Legislative 
Reference Department of the Wisconsin 
Library Commission. Among the pamph- 
lets are: "Juvenile Courts," by Stanley K. 
Hornbeck ; "Proportional Representation," 
by Roy E. Curtis; "Mortgage Taxation," by 
Robert A. Campbell, and "Telephones," by 
Laura Scott. All contain a list of import- 
ant references. 

* * + 

As an instance of the influence of the 
National Municipal League in its educa- 
tional campaign, an editorial in the Nebras- 
ka State Journal, of Lincoln, is here quoted. 
It reads: 

"The people of the American cities are 
no longer voting municipal franchises with 
their old-time cheerful abandon. New pro- 
positions are now scrutinized closely, and 
corporations asking for the use of the city 
streets are required to give a fair share of 
their profits to the public. The people of 
Sioux City declined recently to renew the 
franchise of the gas and electric lighting 
company upon the ground that the corpo- 
ration did not offer liberal enough terms. 
Five years ago such a franchise would have 
been .voted without^ opposition. The grow- 
ing intelligence of the people as to the value 
of public service franchises is one of the 
benefits conferred by the so-called muck- 
raking period. The disclosures have been 
unpleasant, but the outcome will be entirely 
salutary." 

This utterance is in line with the National 
Municipal League's municipal program. In 
the section dealing with street and other 
public franchises the program provides that 
the rights of the municipality in and to its 
water front, its streets, parks and other pub- 
lic places are inalienable, except upon a 
four-fifths vote of the Councils, approved 
by the mayor. Short-term leases, not* ex- 
tending over twenty-one years, with ade- 
quate compensation for the municipality, 
are stipulated. 

S. LIPPMAN 

Formerly with Marshall Field 
Co. of Chicago 

First Class Ladies' Tailor 
and Habit Maker 

Also Three-Piece Suits and Shirt 

Waists. Prices Moderate Work 

and Fit Guaranteed 

624 South Broadway Suite 301 

Over Painless Parker** 




Be Your Own Landlord 

For Details See 

BRAINERD 

Houses, garages, schools, churches, hos- 
pitals, bunkhouses, structures of every 
size, airtight and durable, built for most 
reasonable figures. 

Call and Inspect MoJelt. Phone or write for Estimates 

H. J. BRAINERD, 507 Chamber of Commerce 

Home Phone A4740 



Thone A 43S9 




West... 



|\ Brot hers 

* Men's Tailors 

"Clothes Builders for 
Men Who Care" 

Designers of exclusive styles 
Ladies' Garments, Rid- 
ing Habit? , Etc. 



A Trial Order is Con- 
vincing. *M v£ 

Suite 101-2 Henne Bldg. 




U2W. Third St. 
Los Angeles, Cat. 



i i 



Honesty is Power 



t y 



Lack of business 
honesty is business 
suicide. Our desire 
is a reputation for 
reliability and fair- 
ness. 

See our diamonds, 
gold jewelry, watch- 
es, clocks, silver- 
ware, cut glass. 

BRIbucN AND PEDERSON 

Manufacturing Jewelers 
507 Couth Spring St. Los Angeles 








1 




Herbold & Lindsey 

Enterprise Trunk Factory 
F 3399 654 S. Spring St/ 




1 


^^^■■^^■1 


1 




FhoreHomeFI796 MamSlSO 

M. Fredrickson 
Hair Co. 

H airdressirg 

Shampooing 

Manicuring 

Hair Goods 

743 S. Broadway, Los Angeles, Col 



HIGH CLASS INVESTMENT 



MINES &FARISH 

REAL ESTATE AGENTS 
315 S.Hill Street 



Removed to 353 S. Hill Street 

RESIDENT AND BUSINESS PROPERTIES 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



*£ 



How Secretary Alger Treated Our Harbor 

C. D. WILLARD 



& 



During most' of the San Pedro- 
Santa Monica harbor fight, the War 
Department stood with the people for 
the free harbor at San Pedro, but in 
the first administration of McKinley 
that department was in charge of Rus- 
sell A. Alger of Michigan, who man- 
aged to delay the work two long years 
after the fight had been won and the 
location finally decided upon and the 
money appropriated b.y Congress. 

The story in some of its details 
seems almost incredible. It shows, 
however, the lengths to which the 
Southern Pacific corporation was 
ready to go to keep the harbor away 
from the Wilmington bay, where the 
people could get access to it. 

The decision of the Walker Board, 
as to location, was rendered March 
1-st, 1897 just as McKinley went out 
of office. This Board was created by 
an act of Congress, formulated by 
Senator Stephen M. White, which ap- 
• propriated the sum of $2,900,000 to be 
applied either to San Pedro or to 
Santa Monica as might thereafter be 
determined by a special board of en- 
gineers, one from the navy, one from 
the Coast Survey and three from civil 
life to be appointed by the President 
(Cleveland.) This report, like all its 
predecessors, was for San Pedro; but 
it differed from all its predecessors 
in that it carried the money with it 
and hence was final. 

There wa? great rejoicing- in Los 
Angeles and the first question asked 
was, "How soon will the work be» 
gin?" 

As the Board had developed the 
project in detail in its report, all that 
was necessary was to' make out a set 
of specifications and advertise for 
bids. Two months would accomplish 
this, and within five or six months 
all together the work should begin. 
March now — say next September. 

And yet it was- not until April of 
1899 — two whole years and a month 
— that the work actually began; and 
most of that long stretch of time was 
deliberately wasted by Secretary Al- 
ger with all kinds of preposterous de- 
vices, in the too evident hope of get- 
ting Congress to reverse its decision. 

The appointment of Secretary Alger 
to the cabinet did not look good to 
those who had been active in the har- 
bor fight. While he was senator from 
Michigan, Huntington had sent him 
out to the coast in his own private 
car and he had delivered himself of 
several interviews in favor of Santa 
Monica. He was well known to be 
the "corporation end of it" in con- 
gress. 

As bearing on his appointment, con- 
sider this, which was told the present 
writer (then manager of the Evening 
Express) by one of the men most 
prominent in the managemenr of the 
Republican party's affairs in this state: 
"During the campaign," he said, "I 
want to see Mr. Hanna about our 
state committee getting a subscription 



from the Southern Pacific. We in- 
tended to ask the road for about a 
hundred thousand and give a large 
part of it to the National Committee.. 
But Mr. Hanna said, 'I have already 
had our subscription from Ml". C. P. 
Huntington. I took it up with hiiu 
myself.' I then asked him to tell me, 
if he would, the amount of the sub- 
scription, as I wished to know 
whether we would be' justified in ask- 
ing for more. He said, 'Don't ask 
him for any more.' When the cam- 
paign opened T asked him for $250,000 
and got it; then when we saw what 
we were up against and how much 
was needed, I went back to him a 
second time and got another $250,- 
0C0.' " 

In those days — only ten years ago 
— tlie purchasing power of a half mil- 
lion dollars was greater than it is 
today. We prefer to believe so, at 
any rate. 

After the new administration had 
been in a couple of months, with no 
sound from the war department about 
San Pedro specificaiions, Mr. James 
McLachlan, who had just completed 
one term as congressman and had 
been defeated for re-election by Mr. 
Barlow of Ventura, called on Secre- 
tary Alger and asked him how so in 
he would be ready to act. 

The Secretary could not say. He 
had discovered some difficulties that 
he wished advice upon. 

A month or two more was'ailowed 
to pass and then the new congress- 
man (congress being then in special 
session) Mr. Barlow tried his luck 
with Secretary Alger. He telegraphed 
back to Los Angeles that he had been 
insulted, that Secretary Alger had said 
he would answer no further questions 
on that subject and would not con- 
sider the matter until he was entirely 
ready. 

Senator White thereupon called a 
meeting of the California delegation, 
and it was decided to introduce a reso- 
lution in the Senate asking the Sec- 
retary why he did not take steps to 
start the work. The resolution 
promptly passed the Senate and was 
sent to Alger. 

His hand being thus forced, Sec- 
retary Alger showed what he had, 
and a great howl went up in Los 
Angeles over the absurdity of the 
bluff. His reasons for delay were: 
1st, That he feared the improvement 
would cost more than the amount ap- 
propriated; 2nd, that the act called 
for a harbor of commerce and of 
refuge, which he took to mean that 
both the outer harbor and the inner 
must be improved, and there was no 
project as yet for the inner; 3rd, that 
about $3,000,000 worth of piers would 
have to be built to make the outer 
harbor serviceable, and there was no 
appropriation for that; and 4th, that 
he had learned o'n good authority that 
there _were a lot of sunken rocks in 
the harbor which had been overlooked 
by the Walker Board and its corps of 



experts. Also there were a lot of 
other reasons. 

It scarcely seems necessary to an- 
swer these, even for people who are 
unfamiliar with harbor matters. As 
to the matter of cost, when he did ad- 
vertise, there were seventeen bids filed 
of which only one was over tie ap- 
propriation. The sunken rocks story 
was out of whole cloth. Considering 
that both the Craigill Board and the 
Walker Board had covered every inch 
of the harbor bottom with minute in- 
vestigations, this allegation was in the 
nature of an impertinence. 

The Senate did not deign to answer 
any of these points. They were too 
absurd to answer. A peremptory reso- 
lution was passed instructing the Sec- 
retary of War immediately to adver- 
tise for bids. 

By this time the fall of 1897 had 
been reached and Congress adjourned. 
A delegation of citizens was sent on 
from Los Angeles to find out what 
was the matter, for no advertisement 
for bids had yet appeared. They in- 
terviewed the secretary and were told 
that the Senate's action wa» not con- 
clusive as it had not been pa=sed con- 
currently by the House. 

Several senators were found who 
were willing to warn the secretary 
that his course would be treated as 
an affront to that body, and he then 
produced his next excuse: he must 
take up the legal points at issue with 
Attorney General McKenna. 

McKenna was a Californian. -He 
was appealed to and declared that 
nothing had ever been submitted to 
him, and that there would be no delay 
on his part. At last the questions 
came through — a long string of 
trumped-up doubts and suspicions. 
The Attorney General instantly wiped 
them all out, and told the Secretary 
of War to go ahead and advertise for 
bids. And then an entire month 
passed before Alger would even look 
at the opinion. 

By this time the people of Los An- 
geles were in a perfect fury of rage. 
They, had waited already nearly ten 
years to get an appropriation through 
Congress, and it appeared that. there 
was a higher authority that could set 
it all at naught. They now changed 
their tactics, and ignoring Secretary 
Alger they began on President Mc- 
Kinley. They bombarded him with 
telegrams, resolutions, petitions, ad- 
dresses and the visits of delegations 
of citizens. Time and again the en- 
tire California delegation marched 
over to see the President. Time and 
again the President declared that he, 
would take the matter up with the 
Secretary, but the only result of his 
doitig so was a new excuse by Alger. 

This, mark you, went on for about 
six months. 

Remember we began in March. It 
was in October that we went direct 
to the President. In that same month 
the Secretary produced a new obiec- 
tion. He could not advertise for bids 
until the appropriation was put into 



the Sundry Civil and Appropriation 
bill. 

But it had already passed in the 
River and Harbor bill to go under 
the continuing contract plan. And it 
was always customary to advertise for 
bids and get the figures ready to be 
incorporated in the Sundry Civil bill 
at the next session. 

This lasted a month or so and then, 
when it was answered, he declared 
that there was no appropriation to 
pay the cost of advertising for bids — 
a $100 matter, or thereabouts. He 
was instantly deluged with telegrams 
from individuals and organizations in 
Los Angeles offering to pay the bill 
— to which he replied that it would 
be quite undignified for the govern- 
ment to accept gratuities of that sort. 
He said th,at he would submit the 
question to the Judge Advocate Gen- 
eral. Here was a new legal authori- 
ty brought into the game, but he like 
all the others decided againt the Sec- 
retary. 

Secretary Alger then came through 
with what was declared at the time to 
be the most impudent proposition 
ever advanced by a cabinet officer. 
Mc'Kenna, whose opinion as Attorney 
General had been obtained on the 
points or imaginary points at issue 
was transferred to the Supreme Court 
and John W. Griggs put in his place. 
Alger announced that he must wait 
now for an opinion from Griggs as 
that of McKenna was, so to speak, 
run out! 

It was about this time that General 
Rosecrans, President McKinley's old 
commander, wrote the President a 
letter full of extremely plain language, 
and gave it out to be telegraphed all 
over the nation. By this time, too, 
the big newspapers of the country 
had taken the matter up and at last 
there came a peremptory order from 
the White House that the bids should 
be advertised for.. 

It was just a year from' the filing 
of the report that the bids were 
opened, and during the next year al- 
though things did move it was with 
a slowness that was almost incredible. 
Time and again an appeal was made 
to the President that he should note 
how his order was disregarded. Most 
of the delay was due to fakes in the 
War Department under the direct or- 
der of Secretary Alger. Attempts 
were made by the Huntington con- 
tingent in congress to' back him up, 
but thev were frustrated. It took from 
the 28th of February to the 21st of 
July to pass on the lowest bid, and 
with all that delay the firm that took 
the contract finally went bankrupt and 
gave up the work. 

It was April 26, 1899, two years 
from the filing of the Walker report 
that work actually began in the har- 
bor. Of that long delay about eigh- 
teen months were due to the deliber- 
ate and malicious persistence of C. P. 
Huntington's man Russell A. Alger, 
whom a year or so later President 
McKinley managed to get out of his 
cabinet. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



The HigK ScKool Dilema 



As It Appears to Mr. Housh 
the Pacific Ootl 

In your i- ly 2 you 

print nn editorial article entitled "The 
il Dilemma," in which 
rhat the high schools o{ the 

country are being drawn away 
their natural functions by the coll 
that tl upon the high 

school as a mere feeder for itself, 
"in spite of the fact that in the coun- 
try at large it gets on the average less 
than 3 per cent of the output, and 
under the most favorable condition in 
the most prosperous communities not 
nt." 
The latter part of the quoted state- 
ment 1 wish you to correct by print- 
ing the following facts about the Los 
Angeles High School. There were 
205 graduates this summer; 99 of them 
have already arranged to attend col- 
lege the coming year, as follows: 
University of California. 36; Stanford, 
25; University of Southern California, 
16; Occidental. 13; Pomona. 4: eastern 
colleges, 5. 

This is over 48 per cent of "the 
output." If however, not over 10 per 
cent go to college "under the most 
favorable conditions in the most pros- 
perous communities," Los Angeles 
must enjoy a condition and a pros- 
perity beyond the power of superla- 
to describe. 
Moreover, of the 205 graduates, 30 
others will go to the Normal School; 
and: these should be counted into the 
percentage, because the Normal 
School requires fully as much for en- 
trance of new students as the colleges 
do, since it is itself now of full col- 
lege rank. Furthermore, 10 or 15 of 
the 30 who will enter the Normal, will 
afterwards also to go to some col- 

Therefore the percentage of pupils 
leaving L. A. High this year for col- 
leges or a Normal school of college 
rank, is not merely 48 but 63 per cent. 
Hence your informants are wrong in 
the statement I have quoted. And if 
they are wrong about their extreme 
estimate of "not over.10 per cent" per- 
haps they are also wrong in their av- 
erage of "less than 3 per cent." 

I shall not here join issue (though 
I do not agree with you) on your main 
point — that the college is unduly in- 
fluencing the high school — but I must 
refute the assertion that "the entire 
course is bent and twisted to fit the 
college requirements," by calling your 
attention to the option, which any pu- 
pil has on entering the High School, 
of taking a course that leads to ad- 
mission or one that does not. The 
latter course, at any rate, is not "bent 
and twisted." but is a good old-fash- 



thal cannot be objected to 
without raising an objection to high 
schools in general. As given in the 
Vngeles High School, il I! 

|o||,. 

1 >t year — English, Ancient Hi- 
a modern language, expression, draw- 
ing and music. 

2nd year English, medieval his 

modern history, a modern language 
(continued), mathematics (either al- 
gebra or geometry), drawing and 
music. 

3rd j jlish, English history. 

a modern language, economics and 
debating. 

4th year — English, American his- 
tory and civics, social problems, mod 
ern industries, a science (physics or 
chemistry) and debating. 

Every year — Gymnasium work or 
its equivalent. 

This course, you see, insists most 
nn "English," which is another name 
for "reading and writing"; then on 
history. English and history run 
through the whole course. Some for- 
eign language (French, Spanish or 
German) is studied three years; two 
years are allowed to an art; two to 
mathematics and a science; and two 
to debating and to subjects that might 
be grouped as "citizenship." And 
there is always "gym" work for the 
able bodied, and special work for 
those not physically strong. 

I cannot perceive anything bent or 
twisted or whimsical or bizarre about 
this course of study — do you? It is 
open to any student. There is no 
need for injury to any boy or gir' 
from its moderate load. The same, 
were it here pertinent, might be said, 
I believe, of the other courses offered. 
Respectfully, 
W. H. HOUSH, 
Principal, L. A. H. S. 

As the Editor Looks at It 

Our figures are correct from our 
point of view and in the argument we 
were presenting — just as Mr. Housh's 
figures are on his side. He looks 
upon the output of a high school as its 
graduating class, and narrows the 
whole issue for Los Angeles down to 
his own (specialized) establishment. 
In estimating the value of a high 
school course to those who use it, nat- 
urally we were considering all who 
use it — not the fraction that is so for- 
tunate as to go through and grad- 
uate. Now what percentage of all 
those who enter all the high schools 
of Los Angeles — and who thereby 
make use of its courses — actually at- 
tend college? We expect the figures to 
run very high in Los Angeles, as we 
have an unusual percentage of the 
well-to-do, but it probably does not 
exceed 10 per cent. As for the 3 per 
cent figure, that is the census average 
in the country at large — the percent- 
age of those who enter high school 
that actually get through and enter 
college. While our article does not 
explain this point at length, the argu- 
ment shows — we hope — that this is 



what i- me. on \\ e were discussing 
the In. Minniiin.il insti 

union, and the good that it m\y.' 
a- a culture center. < tut of four yo 
entering, only one 

through and graduates. Are the 
three to be thrown oul of con-:, 
lion entirely' A- a matter of fact 
they may some of them have been 
driven out by the unneci — try sever- 
ity Of the COUri <• -SO its make-up is 
an issue Of profound import to them. 

Mr. Housh's description ol I he 

eral culture course that exists at the 
Angeles High is interesting, but 
scarcely touches the main issue — the 
"dilemma" to which we refer. By 
working an elective process, a pupil 
who is not going to college can se- 
lect a course that will seem, if we are 
to judge solely by the names of the 
studies, to fit his needs. But when 
we come to peel open the names and 
look inside we find that almost every 
one of these subjects is arranged and 
shaped up with a view to preparing 
the student for college, not for life. 
Take English, for example. You do 
not undertake to put your college pu- 
pils in one class and the others in 
another, do you, Mr. Housh? Consc 
sequently those courses are the col- 
lege requirement courses. Generally 
speaking, that is true of the entire 
curriculum. Take algebra, for exam- 
ple. The college preparatory course 
requires two years of algebra; some 
high schools do it in a year and a 
half perhaps. Now your general 
course gives one year of algebra. Is 
that a bona fide one year course, or 
is it half the college two year course? 
There is a great deal of difference be- 
tween those two things — all the differ- 
ence between a five dollar bill and half 
•of a ten dollar bill that has been 
chopped in two. 

In a -large school — such as Mr. 
Housh so ably presides over — it may 
be possible to run two sets of courses 
— in some things — so that the college 
requirement system will not spread 
its trail over the entire scheme; but 
in a moderate-sized school, of the type 
to be found in our suburban towns, 
we believe the generalizations offered 
in our original article will be found 
to apply, viz: that the general stand- 
ard has been hoisted too high, that 
pupils who are conscientious are 
made to work too hard, that they 
graduate too late in life, that the 
schedule contains much that is useful 
only to those who go to college, and 
that the latter constitute only a small 
percentage of all who enter and under- 
take to make use of the high school 
course of study. — Editor Pacific Out- 
look. 



The Worh of the League 
of Justice 

Justice, and edito 

g.m. " I he Liberator," has i 

turned from a tour of eastern cities 

te of Justice plans to various 

civic organizations and leaders Of civic 

ii From - ni isco he 

« rites a letter to i 
respondent telling ol » fiat hi 
plished during his tour. 

Prof Bokc talked with many lead 
ers of civic reform in the East, amoti • 
them Senator I. a Follette; President 
A. Leo Weil of the Voters' l eague of 
Pittsburg; Mr. Chas. II. [ngi i oil, 
president of the National Municipal 
League; Mr. Louis F.. Brandeis of 
Boston, and many other men of prom- 
inence. 

The following items are from Prof 
Boke's letter: 

'While in Chicago I spoke before 
th,e City Club, and presented the gen- 
eral League idea, and our situation in 
San Francisco." 

Speaking of the Los Angeles 
League, he says: "It is a great sat- 
isfaction to me that the League is or- 
ganized with such splendid men on 
the Executive Committee there in Los 
Angeles. I am more convinced that 
we have the most fundamental idea 
in our League of Justice and that it 
will bring the leaven which will work 
its own way in the future." 

In San Francisco the League of Jus- 
tice is supporting the graft prosecu- 
tion, and in this connection Professor 
Bokes writes: 

"I was probably of greater value to 
the prosecution while in New York 
than I could: have been if I had been 
in San Francisco during the Calhoun 
trial. Right at the time of the Cal- 
houn verdict, I found editorials which 
were against us coming out in New 
York papers. I sought out the edi- 
tors of these papers and gave them 
the truth. The New York Evening 
Post has consequently published three 
articles favorable to the prosecution. 
Mr. Steffens was in New York at the 
time and told me that he thought they 
were invaluable in setting the eastern 
people right in relation to our situa- 
tion, as CalluDtin had gotten in a lot 
of his work before that." 
* * ♦ 



Phone Main 298 

Hill Street Floral Co. 

S- SHIMA, Prop. 

Cut Flowers, Plants and Seeds. 

Floral Designs a Specialty 

955 S. HILL ST., near 7th St. LOS ANGELES 




Leading Clothiers (INC* 

437-439-441-443 South Spring 
Between Fourth and Fifth Streets.. 

HEAD TO FOOT 

OUTFITTER S 

FOR MEN AND BOYS 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



• 



«« 



LOS ANGELES, 1915" 



The speaker at the City Cluh lunch- 
eon last Saturday, Rev. Dana ' W. 
Bartlett, took for his subject, "Los 
Angeles, 1915", dwelling briefly on 
twenty-nine items of improvement 
which he schedules to materialize 
anywhere from next month to 1915. 
Here are extracts from his remarks 
on some of these points: 

"August, 1909 — Consolidation of 
Los Angeles, San Pedro and Wil- 
mington. Old world cities are spend- 
ing lots of money on docks; Ham- 
burg is spending $49,000,000; other 
enormous sums are being likewise in- 
vested by London, Liverpool, Ant- 
werp and other great ports. Los An- 
geles expects to be a great port. Los 
Angeles must take the first step, in 
conjunction with San Pedro and Wil- 
mington, and consolidate, bearing in 
mind what it is all for — a great port, 
ready at the opening of the Panama 
canal. 

"December, 1909 — Election of an 
honest, efficient business government 
for the Greater City. If the progres- 
sive forces fail at this time, it will 
bring sorrow and disaster. 

"1910 — Extension of territory of 
Greater Los Angeles by consolida- 
tion and annexation, in pursuance of 
the preceding year's elections. 

"1910 — Completion of the Arroyo 
Seco Park and Drive. Beauty pays. 
And here more than elsewhere. 

"1910 — Completion of original 
United States plan for breakwater 
and harbor. It has required unremit- 
ting vigilance in the past to make this 
work go on. It will require it right 
along till it is finished. 

"1910 — A Social Survey of living 
conditions in Southern California 
similar to the Pittsburg Survey under 
the Sage Foundation. When Los An- 
geles is ready to ask for it, the Sage 
Foundation will be ready to send 
some of the most accomplished scien- 
tific experts to study Los Angeles and 
advise as to the best course to pur- 
sue for taking care of the poorer por- 
tions of the city. This work requires 
expert help, but most of all it requires 
a willing city, eager to remove from 
itself all it can of poverty and' squalor, 
and make all its parts attractive to 
live in. ■ 

"1910 — An expert accounting of the 
financial conditions and resources of 
the city, present and prospective. We 
ought to know whether any money is 
being misspent in any department of 
the city government, and if so how, 
and how to stop it. We also ought 
to know it if we have possible sources 
of income now undeveloped or un- 
used. We ought to do the most with 
what we have. 

"1911 — ^Completion of the Agricul- 
tural Park project. When completed, 
and with the $100,000 given by the 
State for an Armory, the $200,000 for 
exposition buildings, and other pro- 
jects now under way, this enterprise 
will be of inestimable benefit. 

"1911 — Completion of Union depot. 
We ought long ago to have had it, 



but we must have it in 1911; and it 
must fit into the general plan of the 
City Beautiful. 

"1911 — Important steps in the Rob- 
inson plan completed. A plan formed 
for beautifying the harbor and mak- 
ing the harbor cities- attractive. Re- 
member that it will be one city from 
the sea to the northern limits. There 
is no reason in the nature of things 
why it should not all look trim and 
prosperous from the docks up. 

"1911 — Completion of a plan for a 
subway in the river-bed, and' the plan 
of the Improvement societies for mak- 
ing a lake above the subway, and an 
esplanade on the river banks. One 
thing is sure, we want a subway, must 
have it, and soon. But we do not 
want an elevated, and must see that 
no franchise for one is granted. The 
river-bed subway plan is entirely 
feasible; the lake is feasible, the 
esplanade is feasible. They will all 
fit into the general plan of improve- 
ment of transit and of parks. 

"1911 — Adoption of an up-to-date 
sanitary code, and an income method 
of handling garbage. The health 
board thus far. has done whatever 
came to hand; in this they have done 
good work. But we should look 
ahead to an absolutely clean town. 
Why are we willing to allow un- 
healthful spots to remain? One of 
the most thickly populated blocks in 
town, the worst source of disease and 
crime, is owned by a millionaire. 
Why do we allow him to become 
richer at the expense of all of us? 
Chinatown is owned by an absentee 
landlord, who cares only for the in- 
come of exorbitant rents which he 
gets. Let us blot out these indecent 
places! .Shall we build more hospitals 
or shall we make necessary even 
fewer than we have? 

"1911 — A better system of handling 
'law breakers 1 ; a Municipal Farm 
and Tramp Colony. Society, as the 
Director of Public Service of Cleve- 
land says, must put away all thought 
of revenge and vindictive punish- 
ment. Jails make criminals; they 
don't make good men. Let Los An- 
geles secure a farm, put its prisoners 
on it without bolts or bars or guns, 
and Los Angeles can do what Cleve- 
land has so successfully done. Our 
advantage here is that we can have 
an all-the-year-round system, which 
the climate allows. Let us try it. 
Why be outdone by a Cleveland farm 
in the frozen East? We could almost 
empty our poorhouse. Do you not 
think it possible? I do! Los An- 
geles owns, Mr. Mulholland says, 75,- 
000 acres along the aqueduct; 45,000 
acres of it are capable of productive 
dry-farming. If we were to use these 
lands for such a colony, inside of ten 
years we could have from $2,000,000 
to $3,000,000 income from that land. 
It can be done. 

"1911 — Income from city lands, 
municipal forests, the appointment of 
a Farm and Forests Commission. In 



addition to the immeasurable good 
that would come from moving our 
prisoners from jail to farm, there is 
much more to do with the city lands. 
Los Angeles, like other cities, is go- 
ing to own lands far and wide. Here 
and- there a piece of land could be 
picked up in dull times at a low price, 
in thinly peopled districts, for future 
parks and school grounds. Why wait 
till the district is congested and the 
price of land high? Cities every- 
where are doing this. It is good 
business. It is a look ahead. 

"An ounce of city-planning is worth 
a pound of re-planning. For instance, 
we ought to plan to remove from 
town as much of the manufacturing 
as possible; we ought to mark out dis- 
tricts for factories and districts for 
residences only, where there can be 
no tan-yards or other noisome indus- 
tries. We can begin by establishing 
residence districts and by creating a 
factories commission to appoint the 
best places for industries. 

"One other event for 1911 — open- 
ing the municipal docks and ware- 
houses, and completion of the road- 
way for the Municipal Traction Line. 

"In 1912 comes the completion of 
the $3,500,000 Good Roads project; 
the adoption of a City Plan for the 
Greater City, including housing, sani- 
tation, beautifying, industries and 
commerce; a completed Metropolitan 
Park and Playground System, recrea- 
tion centers, baths and comfort sta- 
tions; a more simplified city govern- 
ment — possibly 'government by com- 
mission'; the creation of the factories 
commission already spoken of. 

"In 1912 also comes the water 
through the aqueduct. What a great 
event that is! No one who has not 
been over the ground can realize 
what it means. But the power com- 
panies rate it at its full value, and 
they are at work today to defraud the 
city of the power from that wonder- 
ful aqueduct. 

"We must be exceedingly watchful 
to prevent that fraud, save our water- 
power, and with it pay off all the 
bonds in a few years; and then build 
schoolhouses with it, and other need- 
ful things, making this city what it 
ought to be. 

"1913 — Elimination of the saloon as 
a political factor; strict enforcement 
of laws against all bad business. The 
saloonkeepers themselves say it is 
coming within five years. 

"1913 — Southern California Confer- 
ence on the distribution of immi- 
grants, and the settling of agricultural 
colonies. We must prepare for the 
flood that is to come this way when 
the canal is opened. We are going 
to help bear the brunt of the Eu- 
ropean tide of immigration. The gov- 
ernment is already planning to relieve- 
New York by sending shiploads of 
immigrants straight to us. We must 
prepare to attend to them, arranging 
to scatter them in the country, as far 
from town as possible. Can't you 



imagine San Fernando Valley a fac- 
tory region, with power from the 
aqueduct, not too far from town by 
trolley, and a fit place for a great 
part of that incoming multitude? 

"1914 — Opening of Federal 'steam- 
ship lines to Panama; a municipal 
railroad to the harbor; sufficient prog- 
ress on a $10,000,000 municipal har- 
bor to accommodate the largest ships. 

"1914 — Our schools will by this 
time be well housed, and we shall 
give vacational education fitting boys 
and girls for their life-work, develop- 
ing not only their minds but their 
strength," skill and character. In that 
year too we are to have a Public Li- 
brary building, and branch libraries in 
suitable parts of town, suitably 
equipped. 

"1915 — Opening of the Panama 
Canal. 

"I want to be here on that great 
date. Could we not have at that time 
a great historic festival, showing Los 
Angeles from the time of the Indian 
village on the banks of the Porciun- 
cula, step by step to the present?" 

At the close of Mr. Bartlett's ad- 
dress the chairman, Judge Works, 
emphasized the need of "getting to- 
gether". All organizations now-work- 
ing for the city's good should work 
together, since their aims are identi- 
cal; the various civic clubs, the wom- 
en's clubs and all. "Let us so labor 
that we may truly say in 1915 that 
we have not only a great city but a 
good city. To that end every good 
man and woman should be allied with 
some active organization working for 
better city government." 



CITY CLUB SPEAKERS TODAY 

State Senator Miguel Estudillo of 
Riverside will address the City Club 
on the "People's Lobby" and State 
Treasurer W. R. Williams will also 
sneak on "Handling the People's 
Money" at the regular weekly lunch- 
eon, today, at Hotel Westminster. 



Phones: Home 9232 

Sunset Main 1819 



G. G. JOHNSON 

Investments and Loans 
Insurance 



603 H. W. Hellman Bldg., 

Cor. Fourth and Spring Sts. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 



ftbe Scbool of ©pera 

CARL BRONSON. Di.ector 

204-205-218 BUchard B'ld'g. 



Phone Home Ex. 82. 



Lob Angeles 



The Art of Singing 
Brealhivg 

Enunciation 

Stage Deportment 
Sight Reading 
Memorizing 

Acting, Directing 
and Accompanying 

Write or Call for Terms 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



9 



CIVIC INTEGRITY 



n the 
of Mr \\ 
Club 

"It is a great ileal better to dis 
of bringing about civic intc 
than I its of civic 

"I believe that les is now 

government 

ii ,1 elsewhere; wi 
civically more honest than any other 
city in the Uniti The graft 

that n< in Los Ar 

a minor kind. 

instantly subject 
to criticism; municipal officers, 
are adversely criticized all the time, 
and never praised. That is wi 
Individual men. in their privati 

pacities, are often praised for a ej 

act. but what do we do when an offi- 
cial does something admirable? Why. 
we read about in t u e paper, perhaps. 
and then promptly forget it. Tin offi- 
cial himself never knows that any 
is given. 
"Now. we have a good many goi d 
officials and we know it. If we would 
only tell them that \ e like them, they 
would be more eager than ever to 
please us. 

"I feel glad to the bottom of my 
heart for the kind words you said of 
me during the seventeen days T was 
Mayor, and I know that anybody else 
would feel the same. It helps an offi- 
cial to discharge his duty. 

"We ought, besides giving due 
credit for good work done, to pay 
good salaries. Our officials are paid 
only a small part of what they de- 
serve. Such civic corruption as there 
is. is largely due to small salaries. 

"For instance, the Mayor gets $300. 
His clerk, who performs only clerical 
duties, gets $200. The proportion is 
not what it should be. The Mayor 
has many social duties to perform. 
as the chief executive of the city, 
many visitors to receive; consequently 
he must be dressed suitably. He must 
have one or two business suits, a frock 
coat, evening clothes, and the like. 
These would cost him two months' 
salary by the end of his administra- 
tion. 

"Then, public officials, and espe- 
cially the Mayor, are constantly asked 
to subscribe to something, to charit- 
able funds and other worthy causes, 
where he cannot i ro erlj refuse a 
contribution. All this casts money, 
and there is not any fund to charge 
such things to. The consequence is 
thai by the time the month is gone 
the Mayor's $300 are more than gom 
"This should not be. We are eacn 
and all to blame, personally, for some 
of the things, the bad things, that have 
happened here. One of the reason- is 
that we allow municipal salaries to 
remain so low. 

"Councilmen receivv $100. Can 
such a man as Mr. Wallace accept 
such a salary except at 3 sacrifice? 
I ■ cannot. 



"We should give our Mayor $11 
our Councilmen $250 per month, our 
Attorney $5,000 or Jo.ikhi No 
ation pays such meager sal 

i- we pay our officers. Hi CO 

need no increase, as their duties 

arc mainly or wholly clerical Bui 

- require the best obtainable 

brains, and they can seldom be had 
for no: 

to it, gentlemen, when the sub- 
ject next comes up at the polls, that 
you vote for an incr. ilaries; 

vote i"r it whenever it comes up 

"Another thing; if the newspapers 
would praise more and blame less, it 
would result beneficially in the city's 
rnment. You and 1 are partly to 
blame for the newspaper attitude be- 
cause our silence on the subject seems 
to approve and often does approve 
the constant attacks of the press on 
public men. iAnd if our newspapers 
here in Los Angeles are blamable in 
this matter, what must be said of 
those in other cities? For I believe 
our newspapers do more for the pub- 
lic good than those in other cities; 
they are almost unanimous in support- 
ing any movement for the public 
good. 

''And finally, gentlemen — don't for- 
get, not one of you, to vole at the 
coining elections. There must be a 
majority in both cities, remember, to 
make consolidation carry. Los An- 
geles must vote as well as San Pedro 
and Wilmington. 

"If you know anybody in San Pe- 
dro or Wilmington, remind him to 
vote; to vote for the consolidation if 
he will, or against it if he feels that 
way; he ought to vote, every man 
ought to vote one way or another at 
every election. If consolidation car- 
ries, we shall have a million people 
here within fifteen years. Don't for- 
get to vote." 

The Little Girl I Used to Know 

Say, in your wanderings have you 
seen her — 
The little girl I used to know? 
We shared our childish joys and sor- 
rows, 
And now I miss her so. 

The little girl I used to know- 
Was just my age and size; 

We had the same dolls and together, 
Made lovely saucer-pies. 

At night she always slept with me, 
And when our prayers were said. 

The little girl I used to know, 
Was tucked up in my bed. 

I felt my mother's soft white hand. 

And the little girl I used to know 
Loved to press it to her cheek. 

And so to sleepland she would go. 

T often think, Oh mother mine. 

Because she loved you so. 
That she has gone to Heaven to find 
you — 
The little girl I used to know. 

— MABEL H-OLBUT. 



SOME FACTS ABOUT 
LEMONS 

[This article i- commented upon in 
the editorial columns. — Editor.] 

Formerly, when all the let 
consumed in the United State- came 
from abroad the price of them was 

If live times w lial it ho - In en of 
late years Ten or twelve dolla 

box was then not unusual, whereas 

a common price now is about two or 

three dollars a box. for a very much 
better quality of fruit than was fur- 
nished by the importers; 

About fifteen years ago many Cali- 
fornians, deluded by the high prices 
then prevailing, entered upon the 
business of growing lemons, an ex- 
periment at the time, but it proved 
successful so far as growing them 
was concerned. 

In the course of a few years, and as 
soon as their orchards came into 
bearing, the California lemons in 
vaded the market in competition with 
the foreign product, and the price of 
lemons went down to the low rate 
they have borne ever since. 

This movement of California cer- 
tainly saved, the people of this coun- 
try very many millions of dollars 
which otherwise would have gone, in 
the shape of extortionate charges, 
into the pockets of the importers and 
foreign producers of lemons. Noth- 
ing can be plainer than the truth of 
this statement. 

Owing to the unforeseen, but nat- 
ural, advantage taken by foreign pro- 
ducers of lemons, and the hesitancy 
of this government to afford protec- 
tion to home agricultural enterprise, 
lemon growing in California has ever 
been a struggling and a precarious 
industry. Without protection it can- 
not and will not long remain in com- 
petition with the imported fruit. 

The lemon importers though few 
in number and mostly foreigners, 
have ever shown great anxiety to get 
rid of the California rivalry and that 
is the motive for their very strenuous 
opposition to the proposed small 
raise in the tariff. Half a cent a 
pound raise, only adds 42 cents a box. 
and still leaves the Sicilians with the 
advantage. 

But e.ven this small raise is op- 
posed, and too obviously with the 
hope of driving California lemons out 
of the market. 

Beyond all question it will be good 
policy, and greatly to the advantage 
of everybody except the importers to 
encourage lemon growing in this 
country. 

The United States Treasury would 
be largely benefited by an increase of 
the duty, for the obvious reason, that 
in any event it will require many 
years to plant and grow the tree- to 
supply the home market, and during 
all of that time importations will con- 
tinue and the duty be paid. 

The pretense that the cost of lem- 
ons to the consumer will be increased 
by protection is fully answered by 
referring to the effect of protection 
upon oranges, raisins, walnuts, prunes, 
figs, olives, wines and table grapes, 
all of which not many years ago were 
imported, but which have been, and 
arc now supplied from the Pacific 



uniformlj 

- n 

The duty of one ami a half cent 

i't put tin 

lemons on an equal footing 

own market with a pn dint that 

- - 
black hand. 

It is not too much to claim thai 

i In- orchards i ml yineya 

fi it mi have already saved the people 
of tin- United State." linn,': . -d of mil- 
lions -i dollars, which 1ml for them 
would have gone to meet tin- ex- 
tortionate demands for imported 
products of the soil. 

The country has been reminded 
that "Californians are not angels," 
and. it has been more than intimated 
that they are seeking a monopoly 
of the lemon trade, which is precisely 
the thing sought by the coterie -i 
foreign fruit importers of New York. 
CORNELIUS COLE. - 



Crops and Battleships 

We are building great battleships, 
from two to four every year, at a cost, 
complete and equipped, of from $7.- 
000,000 to $9,000,000 each. What one 
battleship costs would establish and 
fully equip a splendid experimental 
farm of 640 acres in every state in the 
Union, to be operated by the general 
government. 

Such a farm would soon be fol- 
lowed by a 160-acre farm, owned and 
operated by the State, in every county 
in our great agricultural states 

Such farms would not only be self- 
supporting but in my opinion would 
show a handsome profit. 

The effect of such a system of prac- 
tical education upon the nation's 
farms would be almost beyond com- 
prehension. Every thriftless or un- 
informed farmer would quickly note 
the difference between loose methods 
and those of the experimental farm. 
and benefit by the comparison. 

Invest the price of one battleship 
in this important work, follow the in- 
vestment up intelligently and perse- 
veringly for ten years, and the value 
you will have added to each year's 
crops of the nation's farms will buy 
and pay for every battleship in all the 
navies of the world today. — From an 
address of William C. Brown, presi- 
dent of the New York Central hues. 
at the annual banquet of the Lincoln 
(Nebraska) Commercial Club. 

Pan-American Banks 

Indications now point to real prog- 
ress in the matter of establishing a 
large LTnited States-Latin American 
bank in New York City with branches 
at the principal business point- of 
the American republics. The great 
financial houses of New York City 
are taking an interest never before 
manifested in the bond issues and in 
the great material undertakings of 
the Latin American countries, and 
they are realizing that one of the 
strongest influences for the de- 
ment of trade would be a chain of 
banks in the places where the larg- 
est operations are conducted. — From 
the June Bulletin of the Bureau of 
American Republics. 



10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

An indexed review of all action by Council, Board of Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general interest. Record closes Wednesday night. 



Public Worh by Streets 

First from Witmer to Colina; ord. 
passed for changing and estab. grade. 

Fifth from Broadway to Los An- 
geles; ord. passed for changing and 
estab. grade. 

Ninth at San Pedro; spur track per- 
mit granted to Frank Simpson Fruit 
Co. 

Twelfth from Main to Figueroa; 
protest of E. C. Bower et al., against 
assesst. dist. for street improvement; 
set hearing next Tuesday. 

Twenty-third from Estrella to Un- 
ion; proceedings to open, abandoned, 
on petition of O. C. Carle et al.. 

Twenty-third from Grand to Hope; 
ord. passed for changing and estab. 
grade. 

Thirty-second between Grand and 
Union; petition E. F. Parks for light 
ref. to City Electrician. 

Fifty-fifth; street improvement 
assesst. map adopted. . 

Alameda street paving appeals; all 
appeals sustained and Bd. Pub. Wks. 
instructed to issue new assessment 
and diagram. 

Alameda from Stephenson to San 
Fernando, and other streets; ord, of 
intention passed for constructing 
storm sewer in said streets and in 
right-of-way purchased therefor. 

Alameda from Main to Ord; $800 

in part payment of improvement 
transferred to B. P. W. fund. 

Aliso street paving assessment; 
$410.27 refunded to Maier Brewing 
Co., for excess. 

Alley in Blk. 5, Highland View 
Tract; final ord. passed for vacating 
and abandoning. 

Alley between St. Paul and Bixel, 
from Orange to 6th; ord. passed for 
changing and estab. grade. 

Alley between 40th and 41st from 
L. A. Ry. rt-of-way (McKinley ave- 
nue) easterly to join another alley 
toward Central avenue; deed accepted 
from John Taylor. 

Avenue 20; final ord. passed for 
widening, from Pasadena avenue to 
San Fernando Road. 

Berkeley Square sewer; petition E. 
J. Brent et al., for permission to con- 
struct sewer by private contract in 
rear of lots 16-22, granted. 

Berendo street curb lines; petition 
granted and lines estab. 14 ft. from 
center of street in front of Lot 47, 
where curve is. 

Buena Vista street sewer; protest of 
M. F. Baker et al., deferred to next 
Tuesday. 

Burlington from 16th to Washing- 
ton; ord. passed for changing and 
estab. grade. 

Delta street continuation into Al- 
varado; deed accepted from Albert 
Moore, for widening alley and mak- 
ing it continuous with Delta, 25 feet 
wide. 

Echandia from Prospect Park to 
north terminus; curb line established. 



Figueroa street; map for widening 
to 100 feet from Slauson to Manches- 
ter, ordered prepared. 

Flower from 2d to 3d; ord. passed 
for changing and estab. grade. 

Grand from .California' to Stevens; 
ord. passed for changing and estab. 
grade. 

Hope street improvement assesst. 
map adopted. 

Hope from First to Court; ord. 
passed for changing and estab. grade. 

Hubbard from Reservoir to Sunset; 
ord. passed for changing and estab. 
grade. 

Indiana from Percy to Stephenson; 
pet. to improve under private contract, 
granted. 

Irolo street improvement map 
adopted. 

Lake Shore avenue; City Attorney 
authorized to acquire property for 
widening. 

Lemoyne street; petition of M. 
Rieder submitting claim $1000 alleged 
damages from proposed improvement; 
ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Long Beach from 16th to Washing- 
ton; petition of Will P. Stevens rela- 
tive to street improvement, filed. 

Magnolia from Adams to 22d; City 
Engineer instructed to prepare map 
of assesst. dist. for opening. 

Marmion Way from Dayton avenue 
to Mt. Washington Tract; final ord. 
passed for abandoning. 

Miami from 6th to Wilshire; ord. 
passed for changing audi estab. grade. 

New England from 17th to Wash- 
ington; City Engineer instructed to 
present ord. for improvement. 

Palm avenue in Gardena; sum of 
$500 appropriated for street improve- 
ment. 

Plata from Casco to Oro; petition 
A. W. Black et al., for vacating, ref. 
to Bd. Pub. Wks. with instructions 
to confer with property owners in 
immediate vicinity. 

Prichard from Downey to Baldwin; 
ord. passed for changing and estab. 
grade. 

Railroad street west of Main peti- 
tion Pacific Plating Co. for sewer, 
granted and ref. to Engineer for or- 
dinance. 

San Fernando from Baker to Au- 
rora; ord. of intention to improve 
under Bond Act, passed. 

Savannah from 4th to Lan Franco; 
curb line established. 

Sunset and Benefit; L. A. P. Ry. 
Co. ordered to repair tracks. 

Vermont from Santa Monica to 
Santa Barbara; petition of L. J. H. 
Hastings relative to width of sidewalk, 
filed. 

Vestal avenue; ord. passed abandon- 
ing opening. 

Wabash from Soto to Evergreen; 
ord. passed for changing and estah. 
grade. 

Washington between Arlington and 
Van Ness; Fire Commission recom- 



mendation of purchase of lot 1, An- 
gelus Tract, for fire-house purposes, 
adopted and City Attorney will pre- 
pare contract. 

Wilshire Blvd. teaming; L. A. Ice 
& Cold S. Co. granted permission to 
withdraw from petition for permitting 
ice wagons to drive on the boulevard; 
granted. 

Lots 1, 2, 3 and 4, Altura View 
Tract; petition F. W. Hill et al., for 
quit-claim deed granted and ref. to 
City Atty. for ord. 

Lot 4, Blk. 1, Prichard Tract; Fire 
Com. recom. purchase at $1550; 
adopted. 

Tract 401; map adopted June 22 
reconsidered and returned to owner 
for corrections. 



General Legislation 

Aqueduct; report of Bd. Pub. Wks. 
on feeding and boarding employes; 
action deferred till July 27 2 p. m. 
Same as to report of Olney 1. Wil- 
liams, a counter-charge to the fore- 
going. Bd. Pub. Wks. requested that 
$10,000 be appropriated: for prelimi- 
nary work toward developing power 
along the aqueduct; granted. 

Automobile ordinance regulating 
speed; passed and approved; to go 
into effect immediately. The ordi- 
nance provides as follows:. Vehicles 
must be kept four feet from steps 
of cars discharging passengers. Driv- 
ing more than 12 and not more than 
30 miles per hour within prescribed 
district is punishable, for the first of- 
fense, by a fine of $25 to $100, or by 
imprisonment 10 to 30 days, or both; 
second offense, $50 to $200, or 30 lo 
100 days, or both; subsequent offense. 
$100 to $500, or 50 days to 6 months, 
or both. Driving at more than 30 
miles per hour, punishable by impris- 
onment only — first offense, 10 to 50 
days; second offense, 30 days to 6 
months. Fire and Police vehicles ex- 
cepted. No vehicle shall not appear 
on the street one hour after sunset 
without a white light displayed in 
front, and a red light in the rear. 

Automobile used by City Engineer 
reported of no practical use; Bd. Pub. 
Wks. authorized to adv. for bids for 
a new one. 

Barber shops; ord. regulating, post- 
poned to next Tuesday. 

Coal; Supply Committee recom. ad- 
vertising for bids for coal for various 
city depts. adopted. 

J. F. Connell, member of Bd. of 
Examining Engineers hearing of 
charges set for July 27 at 2 p. m. Re- 
quest of John Gangham for permis- 
sion to withdraw his name from pe- 
tition to Civil Service Commission for 
removal of Connell, set for July 27, 
2 p. m. 

John Curtis; refund of license re- 
jected, i 

.C. and M. Deacon's petition for re- 
fund of $10, granted. 



Deadly weapons; ord. regulating 
sale and display of deadly weapons 
ami devices; adopted. 

Dogs; Human Animal League's re- 
quest for a new contract for 3 yrs., 
by which it will maintain a pound, 
collect dogs, etc., at its own expense, 
and retaining all impounding fees; the 
city ■to pay the League 75 per cent 
of dog licenses, in full compensation 
for its services; action deferred to 
next Tuesday. 

Electrical Bept; demand of A. T. 
Stewart, employe, for car fare, de- 
nied. 

Expert Reporters; City Clerk in- 
structed to employ as reporters when 
necessary during sessions of Bd. of 
Equalization, the firm of Longley, 
Keith & Bagley. 

Expert Service Co.; refund of li- 
cense rejected. 

Fire Commission recommend that 
estimates for salaries and supplies fur- 
nished by Chief, and Supt. of Police 
Alarm be favorably considered by 
Budget Committee. Lot at Brooklyn 
and State streets; City Attorney 
recommended further investigation of 
the title to said lot, before closing 
purchase for engine-house purposes; 
referred to Councilman Blanchard. 
Engine-house; the Fire Commission 
recom. purchase of lot 1, Angelus 
Tract on Washington street, for fire 
house purposes. Lot 4, Blk. 1, Prich- 
ard Tract; Fire Com. recom. purchase 
at $1550; adopted. 

Foresters' Fund; demands of Ar- 
thur Wilson for typewriting inspec- 
tion, denied. 

Hay; Bd. Pub. Wks. authorized to 
purchase 300 tons at not over $18, 
without adv. for bids. 

Humane Animal League; sec Dogs. 

Mayor's Fund; demands of Arthur 
Wilson for typewriting inspection, de- 
nied. 

Old Outfall Sewer; permission to 
connect denied P. W. Smith. 

Park in Sixth Ward; petition I.. W. 
Fox adopted and ref. to City Engi- 
neer to check up to ascertain if re- 
quired 35% is on the petition. 

Printing; lowest bid' on street no- 
tices, Franklin Printing Co., $2,2S5.49, 
ref. to Supply Com. 

Receiving Hospital; lowest bid for 
, equipment, John Nelson, $3,725; 
.dopteel and money ordered trans- 
erred. 

Salary Increase; motion of Mr. 
Healy recalled from Budget Com. and 
ref. to B. P. W. 

Saloons in San Pedro and Wilming- 
ton; request of F. M. Martin that City 
Attorney be instructed to prepare 
amendment to liquor ordinance, so as 
to include San Pedro and Wilmington 
saloon, wholesale liquor and restaur- 
ant licenses. 

San Pedro election; ordinance 
adopted setting it for August 12. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



11 



Segregating Social Vice: 

ilnnr. 

illy as it n 
the fo lention of inn 

Kirl- ; • immission. 

Smoke consumers; Rose 

week. 
Sprinkling: Mayor's mess 

filed. 
Spur track: ordinance granting 
track to Frank Simpson Fruil 
over Mayor's veto. 
Street railway on Seventh and other 
streets: Los A Ky. Co. granted 3 
months' extension, in addition to the 
irs required by ord., for con- 
struction of railway. 

Utilities Commission; the matter 
wa> deferred to nexl Tuesday. 



DIVORCE AND MARRIAGE 

MARGARET C. GRAHAM 



Fulfilling Instructions 
The managing editor wheeled his 
chair around and pushed a button in 
the wall. The person wanted entered. 
"Here." said the editor, "are a num- 
ber of directions from outsiders as to 
the best way to run a newspaper. See 
that they are all carried out." 

And the office bo.v. gathering them 
all into a large wastebasket, did so. — 
The Green B 

+ + * 
Just a Sample 
For many years Dr. Francis Pallon. 
ex-president of Princeton University. 
side whiskers. Whenever he 
-ted shaving them, there was a 
division of opinion in the family. One 
morning he came into his wife's dress- 
ing-room, razor in hand, with his right 
cheek shaved smooth. "How do you 
like it, my dear?" he asked. "If you 
think it looks well, I will shave the 
' side, too." — Everybody's Maga- 
zine. 

* * * 
The Advantage 
Bathing-dresses, we are told, are 
now being made from blotting-paper. 
The advantage of such costumes con- 
sists, we understand, in the fact that, 
as soon as you get out of your depth, 
the blotting-paper sucks up the wa- 
ter. — Punch. 




Electric Lines 
The Shortest and Quickest Line Between 

Los Angeles and the Ocean 
See Venice. Santa Monica. Ocean Park. 
National Soldiers' Home, Playa Del Rey, 
Redondo. 

Pish at LONG WHARF 

Port Los Angeled 

Take the 

Balloon Route Excursion 

One Whole Day for $1.00 

70 Miles of California's Finest 

Scenery. 28 Mile's Right Along 

the Ocean. An Experienced 

Guide With Each Car. 

Cars Leave Hill Street Station 

9:40 a. m. Daily 

Passenger Station 
Hill Street Between Fourth and Fifth 



There i- far too dency 

to make the infrequency of divorce 

a test of the happiness of man 
The question we -Hon!, I ask ourselves 
i- not. "Are divorces frequent?" hut 
"Are marriages happy?" and there is 

little doubt that the majority Ol I 

em in no far happier than 

they were fifty J 

That our grandmothers bore heavy 
burdens and grievous to be borne, and 
by reason of religious education or 
iiv made no sign, should not 
he taken as evidence of contentment 
therewith; rather as proof of despair 
and the philosophy which despair en- 
genders. / 

That the means of escape is made 
hard does not make the yoke easy, 
and the fact that divorces are few 
does not prove that marriages are 
happy. Primarily our desire is not 
that the suffering shall endure in si- 
lence but that they shall cease to suf- 
fer. 

The moral awakening which has 
made itself felt in society has entered 
domestic life, and relations which 
were at one time supposed to have 
the approval of God and to need no 
approval from man are now being- 
tried before the bar of conscience. 
That marriage has been bettered by 
this awakening we cannot doubt. 

Countries which show a low divorce 
rate show a corresponding low state 
of education among women. Cardinal 
Gibbons, in an article on divorce in 
the May Century, 1909, says with as- 
tounding frankness: "But now, turn- 
ing from pagan to medieval Christian 
Europe, to the much misrepresented, 
ill-understood, so-called 'Dark Ages,' 
which were really, intensely, the Ages 
of Faith, one would search far and 
wide for examples of divorce sanc- 
tioned by either church or state, or 
indeed even connived; at by Christian 
men and women of those days." In 
spite of the church, few of us would 
he willing to return to the Dark Ages 
even to prevent divorce. 

That two-thirds of the separations 
are sought by women indicates many 
things beside the often alleged rest- 
lessness of the modern woman. First 
of all it argues greater ability to take 
care of herself and a state of society 
more hospitable to the economically 
independent of her sex. To the be- 
nighted few who consider these mis- 
fortunes, we can only suggest Cardinal 
Gibbons' remedy — a return to the 
Dark Ages. 

Communities in which early mar- 
riages are the rule are the most free 
from divorce. And yet early mar- 
riages are not necessarily happy. The 
economic dependence of the girl wdfe 
and the readiness of immaturity to 
suffer subjection make divorces diffi- 
cult in those countries in which young 
girls from sixteen to twenty are en- 
couraged to marry. In Russia three- 
fifths of the brides are under twenty. 
Economic reasons, or religious rea- 



lo not 

prove the success ol rela 

tions in any country. The American 

> know s herself t" he the most 

im lunate, and the happiest woman in 

the world, ami while Our lax iln 

laws may not he the reason for this, 
possibly there is some relation be- 
tween her happiness and the law. 

Legal enactments have very little 
to do with domestic happiness. But 
domestic happiness has a vast deal to 
do with legal enactments. And this 
is as it should he. Happy homes are 
not broken up by easy divorce laws, 
and while we are busy getting statis- 
tics as to divorce in America it might 
be well fo devise some way of com- 
paring the relative happiness of 
American married life with that of 
other countries. Certainly the testi- 
mony of American women ought to 
have weight, and they are almost 
unanimous in declaring their prefer- 
ence for their own country as a. home 
and in pronouncing their own coun- 
trymen the best of husbands. Indeed 
the American woman has become 
quite accustomed to receiving the con- 
gratulations of women the world over 
on her happy domestic estate. 

Professor Ross of Wisconsin Uni- 
versity writing on "The Significance 
of Increasing Divorce" in the June 
Century gives some interesting and 
surprising statistics. "At present," he 
says, "probably one marriage in ten 
(in the United States) is broken; in 
some states the proportion may be as 
high as one in four." This sounds 
rather appalling. But read it an- 
other way: nine marriages out of ten 
succeed, and in this day when public 
opinion is not generally against di- 
vorce have a much stronger presump- 
tion of happiness in their favor than 
in the days of rigid religions or so- 
cial prejudice and repression. 

Certainly nine-tenths is an encour- 
aging proportion, and while we all 
lament the lack of permanency in the 
other tenth, it is not a high average of 
mistakes in a matter so complicated. 
If by raising the standard of mar- 
riage, as has undoubtedly been done, 
one in ten is weeded out, society will 
gain more than it has lost. 

To lower the number of these mis- 
takes, not to conceal them, to forward 
everything which tends to make mar- 
riage a matter of choice, not of neces- 
sity, for women, will do more for its 
permanence than any number of rigid 
divorce laws. 

Men, who have always been free to 
choose, seek only one-third of the di- 
vorces. May we not hope, when wom- 
en are not obliged to marry for sup- 
port, they may show the same will- 
ingness to abide by their choice? 

Marriage must always be a sacri- 
fice of personality, a willing com- 
promise. It must of necessity be 
sometimes unsuccessful and occasion- 
ally unendurable, and society must 
take cognizance of these errors, and 



so far as ; that the inno 

cent do ii"i 

I doubt that anj ol us knoi 

instaiH-r in w hich the contrai ting 
lies i! e not com inci d thai their mar- 
i iagi at leasl is to be im iolable. To 
marry with this intent is ill we can 
ask of faulty human rial ui e 

Some of the interesting and not 
generally understood facts made 
known by Professor Ross are: thai 
six and one-half years is the average 
married life of divorced persons and 
is not diminishing; that divorce is not 
usually sought in order to remarry; 
that the number of remarriages among 
the divorced vary in different stales, 
being sometimes as low as twenty- 
eight per cent, and generally about 
the same as among widows and wid- 
owers; that hardly one divorce in 
twenty is obtained by removal to a 
liberal state; that the tendency of 
legislation for twenty years has been 
toward greater stringency in divorce 
laws and yet the increase in divorce 
has been marked during the same 
period. These are facts which call for 
earnest study. We must rid ourselves 
of the idea that the influence of legis- 
lation in this respect is important. 

Dr. Ross asserts somewhat illog- 
ically we think, tha.t specialization in 
industry unfits a young woman for 
marriage by weaning her from domes- 
tic arts, and cites in support of this 
the fact that in Birmingham the pro- 
portion of sober and steady men is 
nearly twice as great in families where 
the wives do not work out as in 
homes where women have outside 
employment. 

As usual it is hard to decide which 
is cause and which is effect. The 
women may work out because the 
men are not sober. Certainly, in the 
present attitude of society toward the 
man whose wife leaves her home to 
work, women are generally reluctant 
to do so unless necessary. In any 
case the specializing of industry does 
not unfit a young woman for mar- 
riage; it merely unfits her for house- 
keeping. Unhappy homes are fre- 
quently the result of to'o much house- 
keeping. It is important that we 
should realize that good wives and 
good mothers are not necessarily 
good housekeepers, and some effort 
should be made socially to relieve 
married women from the grinding 
monotony of one occupation by 
further specializing their industry. 

The happiness or unhappiness of 
marriage depends upon as many 
causes as the happiness or unhappi- 
ness of the individual, and least among 
these is the law, which at best is only- 
designed to secure individual freedom 
Assuredly we have reason to con- 
gratulate ourselves upon the fact that 
nine marriages out of ten are satis- 
factory and successful. What ins 
tion among us, social, political, com- 
mercial or religious can make as good 
a showing? 



12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




The Santa Monica Road Race, the 
1909 event of the auto world of 
Southern California, was pulled off on 
Saturday last, and from every stand- 
point was a complete success, perfect 
racing weather, large crowds (50,000 
it is estimated), no accidents to mar 
the races and tile fact that the cars 
attained a rate of speed never thought 
possible over this course, all combined 
to make the day a red-letter one in 
the annals of the Auto Dealers' Asso- 
ciation of Southern California, and 
promises great things for next year's 
race. 

The big car race for the Dick 
Ferris trophy, which started at S 
o'clock, was won by the Apperson, 
3:08:03; Chadwick, second, .3:15:52, 
and the Stearns, third, 3:19:52. 

Harris Hanshue, who drove the Ap- 



tatives of the automobile interests 
was passed by the council Tuesday, 
and with the exception of a minor 
amendment, — that of section 26a, re- 
lating to the driver of an auxiliary 
fire apparatus, there has been prac- 
tically no change from the way the 
committee had drafted it. 

Following is the complete text: 
"(New Series)" 

"An Ordinance amending Ordinance 
No. 15,775 (New Series) entitled 'An 
Ordinance regulating travel and traf- 
fic upon the streets and other public 
places of the City of Los Angeles," 
approved December 28, 1907, by 
amending Sections 16, 25, 26 and 38 
thereof, and by adding thereto two 
new sections to be numbered Sections 
26a and 26b. 

"The Mayor and Council of the 
City of Los Angeles do ordain as 
follows: 

"Section 1. That Section 16 of 




The Stoddard-Dayton Rounding the Turn in the 
Big Car Race 



person "Jackrabbit" to victory, at- 
tained an average speed of 64.4 miles 
an hour, breaking the Vanderbilt Cup 
record. 

The Leon T. Shettler trophy for 
the small car event was won by the 
Chalnrers-Detrpit car, time, 3:38:35; 
the Stoddard-Dayton, which led the 
way for 16 laps, finished second, 
3:42:30 1-5; Buick, third, 3:49:18 2-5. 

The average time of the Chalmers- 
Detroit was 55.5 miles, and the car 
was piloted by Bert Dingley. 

To the Lozier car goes the credit 
of making the fastest laps of the big 
race, Tettsleff taking the car over the 
course (8.417 miles) in 6 min. 50 3-5 
sec. 

The Locomobile was fourth, the 
Stoddard-Dayton fifth, the Studebaker 
sixth, the Franklin seventh and the 
Lozier eighth. The others did not 
finish. 

The Dick Ferris trophy goes to 
Leon T. Shettler, agent for the Ap- 
person, and the Leon T. Shettler 
trophy goes to the Western Motor 
Car Co., agents for the Chalmers- 
Detroit. 



The new speed ordinance drawn by 
a special committee composed of 
members of the council and represen- 



Ordinance No. 15,775 (New Series), 
entitled 'An Ordinance regulating 
travel and traffic upon the streets and 
other public places of the City of 
Los Angeles,' approved December 28, 
1907, be and the same is hereby 
amended so as to read as follows: 

"Sec. 16. That every person riding, 
driving, propelling or in charge of 
any vehicle upon any street within the 
City of Los Angeles shall keep such 
vehicle at least four (4) feet from the 
running board or lowest step of any 
street car which is stopping for the 
purpose of taking on or discharging 
passengers; and if, by reason of the 
presence of vehicles at the place where 
such car is stopping, or by reason of 
the narrowness of the street, it is not 
possible to preserve such distance of 
four (4) feet from such running 
board or lowest step, as herein pre- 
scribed, then such person shall stop 
such- vehicle until such car shall have 
taken on or discharged its passen- 

° "Sec. 2. That Section 25 of the 
said Ordinance No. 15,775 (New 
Series), be and the same is hereby 
amended so as to read as follows: 
_ "Sec. 25. Any person who shall 
ride, drive or propel, or who shall 
cause or permit to be ridden, driven 
or propelled, any vehicle at a rate of 
speed greater than twelve (12) miles 
per hour, and not greater than thirty 
(30) miles per hour, upon or along 
any of those certain streets or por- 
tions of streets in the City of Los 
Angeles, within' that certain district 
described hereinafter in this section, 
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and 



upon conviction thereof shall be pun- 
ishable as in this section provided. 
The said district is described as fol- 
lows: to wit: 

"Commencing at the intersection of 
the easterly line of Main Street; 
thence easterly along the northerly 
line of First Street to the easterly 
line of Central Avenue; thence south- 
erly along the easterly line of Cen- 
tral Avenue to the southerly line of 
Pico Street; thence westerly along 
the southerly line of Pico Street to 
the easterly line of Main Street; 
thence in a direct line to the south- 
westerly corner of Pico Street and 
Main Street; thence westerly along 
the southerly line of Pico Street to 
the westerly line of Figueroa Street; 
thence northerly along the westerly 
line of Figueroa Street to the north- 
erly line of Temple Street; thence 
easterly along the northerly line of 
Temple Street and the prolongation 
thereof to the easterly line of Main 
Street; thence southerly along the 
easterly line of Main Street to the 
place of beginning. 

"That the Board of Public Works 
be and it is hereby directed to post 
such notices as are required by law 
at the intersection of each street with 
the line of the district hereinbefore 
in this section described. 

Any person who shall ride, drive or 
propel, or who shall cause or permit 
to be ridden, driven or propelled, any 
vehicle at a rate of speed greater 
than twenty (20) miles Der hour, and 
not greater than thirty (30) miles per 
hour, upon or along any street, or 
portion of any street, in the City of 
Los Angeles, outside of the district 
described hereinbefore in this section, 
shall be deemed guilty of a misde- 
meanor, and upon conviction thereof 
shall be punishable as in this section 
provided. 

"Any person convicted of a viola- 
tion of any provision of this section 
shall be punishable by a fine of not 
less than twenty-five ($25) dollars 
nor more than one hundred ($100) 
dollars, or by imprisonment in the 
city jail for a period of not less than 
ten (10) days nor more than thirty 
(30) days, or by both such fine and 
imprisonment. , 

If within a period of one year, any 
person shall commit two or more 
violations of the provisions of this 



hundred (100) days, or by both such 
fine and imprisonment. 

"For the third or any subsequent 
offense, by a fine of not less than one 
hundred ($100) dollars nor more than 
five hundred ($500) dollars, or by im- 
prisonment in the city jail for a 
period of not less than fifty (50) days 
nor more than six (6) months, or by 
both such fine and imprisonment. 

"Sec. 3. That Section 26 of the said 
Ordinance No. 15,775 (New Series), 
be and the same is hereby amended 
so as to read as follows: 

"Sec. 26. Any person who shall 
ride, drive or propel, or who shall 
cause or permit to be ridden, driven 
or propelled, any vehicle at a rate of 
speed greater than thirty (30) miles 
per hour upon or along'any street, or 
portion of any street, shall be guilty 
of a misdemeanor, and upon convic- 
tion thereof shall be punishable as 
follows: 

"For the first offense, by imprison- 
ment in the city jail for a period of 
not less than ten (10) days nor more 
than fifty (50) days; 

"For the second or any subsequent 
offense, by imprisonment in the city 
jail for a period of not less than 
thirty (30) days nor more than six 
(6) months. 

"Sec. 4. That Section 38 of the 
said Ordinance No. 15,775 (New 
Series), be and the same is hereby 
amended so as to read as follows: 

"Sec. 38. That any person violating 
any of the provisions of this ordinance 
shall be deemed guilty of a misde- 
meanor, and upon conviction thereof 
shall be punishable, unless otherwise 
provided by this ordinance, by a fine 
of not more than one hundred ($100) 
dollars, or by imprisonment in the 
city jail for a period of not more than 
thirty (30) days, or by both such fine 
and imprisonment. 

"Sec. 5. That the said Ordinance 
No. 15,775 (New Series), be and the 
same is hereby amended by adding 
thereto a new section to be numbered 
Section 26a, and to read as follows: 

"Sec. 26a. The provisions of Sec- 
tions 25 and 26 of this ordinance shall 
not apply to the driver or occupant 
of any vehicle belonging to the Police 
Department or to the Fire Depart- 
ment when on duty, or to the driver 
or occupant of any auxiliary fire ap- 
paratus belonging to any person, firm 




Harris Hanshue, Driver of the Winning Apperson, Receiving 
Congratulations After the Race 



section, such person, upon conviction 
thereof, shall be punishable as fol- 
lows: 

"For the second offense, by a fine 
of not less than fifty ($50) dollars 
nor more than two hundred ($200) 
dollars,- or by imprisonment in the 
city jail for a period of not less than 
thirty (30) days nor more than one 



or corporation engaged in the busi- 
ness of furnishing gas or electricity 
to the City of Los Angeles, or to its 
inhabitants,, when such apparatus is 
responding to a call to a fire; pro- 
vided, however, that when any such 
apparatus is responding to such call 
there shall be displayed on both 
front and rear of such apparatus in 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 



by which the same is 

such 
back- 
three 
- in licit stroke 

i -half inch 

lance 

be .hhI t ru- 
by adding 
ction to be numbered 
i. :incl to n 

It shall be unlawful for 
ride, drive or propel 
any vehicle tij .• •- i per- 

mit any vehicle to remain upon any 
-trcn ither public place dur- 

riod from one hour after 
sunrise, un- 
iuch vehicle 
a lamp showing a white light visible 
in the direction towards which such 
vehicle is proceeding and a red light 
visible in tlie reverse direction; plo- 
ver, that the provisions of 

this section shall not apply I 
vehicle upon which lights are required 
by any law of the State of California 

to be exhibited." 



< In the second annual "Tour of the 
Tourists" seventy-five per cent of the 
cars finished with perfect scores, the 
tour was a great success, and all the 
arrangements went through without 
a hitch. 

The following Los Angeles cars re- 
ceived perfect scores: 



Hammond, Premier; 3. William 

-I. 1 W 

Marmon; 5. W. C. Marmon, 

Mam Maxwell; 7. 

.ddy Day, 
■>. W Wine! 

Bartholomew, 

Glide; II. Gus Ruse, Thomas; 12. 

t. B. X 

-. \\ llite. 

White-Hower Trophy 
100, C. Vandervort, Moline; mi. j 

A. Wicker. Wicker; 102, W. S. I 
ory. Moline; 103, F, A. Trinkle. 
Brush; 104, I). B. Huss, Brush; 10S, 
J. M.i i halmers-Detroit; 106. 

Frank Steinman, Hupmobilc; 107. C. 
Goldthwaite, Maxwell-Briscoe; 108, J 
S. Williams. Pierce-Arrow; 109, Chas. 
1 '!. rce Arrow ; 1 Hi. Frank 
Iwin, Mclnlyre; 111, A. P. Stump, 
Jewel; 11-'. II. Snider. Mason; 114, J. 
C. Moore. Lexington. 

Detroit Trophy 

51. W. A. Wood, American Sim- 
plex; 52. lean Bemb, Chalmers-De- 
troit; 53. C. Waltman, Premier. 

The tour this year seems assured 
of being the most interesting and im- 
portant of any yet held, as it is the 
most arduous tl.at has been projected. 
The distance is a thousand miles 
more than that of any previous con- 
test for the Glidden trophy and the 




"On the Tourist Tour", the Pace Car, Mr. Volney S. Beardsley who 
Arranged and Had Charge of the Tour, Fourth from Left 



I, L. R. Wadsvvorth; 2, Volney S. 
Beardsley; 3, P. C. Gernert; 4, R. H. 
Ensign; 5, Charles H. Moff; 6, F. X. 
PfafKnger; 7, C. F. Borton; 8, George 
P. Barber; 9, S. F. Wuest; 10, Harold 
R. Smith; 12, F. W. Wood; 13, Lin- 
ford C. Lull, Jr.; 15, Dr. Albert H, 
Scholl; 16, Mrs. Henry Rutherford; 
20, R. E. Martin; 21, E. E. Foster; 28, 
William A. Sloane; 32, A. Jean 
D'You; 30, 'Dr. G. P. Drum; 44, Wm. 
II, Allen, and the repair and tire cars. 



rules much more exacting. The route 
leads the participants into territory 
not previously traveled and there 
will be many novel features. In 
previous years the Glidden trophy has 
been won on tours through the east- 
ern states, but now the cars are to 
have a drive of nearly 1900 miles 
westward from Detroit to Denver 



anil then 750 miles 

City, when the tout will dish.: 

The rules foi I'll" 

mark- for any 
work done mi them. All the extra 

parts .on! t.'"l- carried will lie [i 

an observer will ride on each ear. and 

there will be an in-i the 

pan- .111,1 i.n.i- ,,! the finish and 
tout Tin 



Club 

■ .. 

the road continual!} 
country Fro 

ing and rep' 

tary of the club is anxi 



— - - £& ■', 




■* ■ - ... ■-■— - — *-£ * _ 


•". ■ 3v«2 i. \ . 




BHr^HssftSSw? 



One the "Tourist Tour", Noon Control at Escondido 



penalization has been admirably 
worked out by tenths of a point, so as 
to make it reasonably certain that a 
winner will be evolved, and yet no 
car be heavily penalized for repairs 
that are trivial and quite ordinary. 
The cars will be divided into five 
classes this year, as follows; 

Class A — Cars listed at $3,7-51 and 
upwards. 

Class B— Cars listed at $2,451 to 
$3,750 inclusive. 

Class C— Cars listed at $1,751 to 
$2,450 inclusive. 

Class D— Cars listed at $1,000 to 
$1,750 inclusive. 

Class E— Cars listed at $999 and 
under. 

Cars competing for the Glidden 
trophy must consist of a regular tour- 
ing chassis, mounted by a full tour- 
ing body and carrying four passen- 
gers, or equivalent ballast. For the 
Hower trophy any regular stock 
chassis, mounted by a runabount 
body carrying at least two persons 
may compete. Any stock chassis 
mounted by a miniature tonneau and 
carrying four persons, or the equiva- 
lent ballast, may compete for the De- 
troit cup. Each class of entrants will 
have different running schedules, but 
the penalties will be the same for all. 



cases they meet with of signs which 
require attention. 

Mr. Howard Galloupe, the editor of 
Touring Topics, says that he has re- 
ceived a great many requests for in- 
formation of tours and routes all the 
way from shore runs in Southern 
California to trips to Europe. 



The local agency of the Diamond 
Rubber Co. has received the first 
demountable rims to be used by the 
company next season. 



tf^&tav* 



Equipped. 
5-Passeoger 
Car- $2400 
THE CAR WliH THE SPARE WHEEL 
and other exclusive features. 

WK rftUIAN Southern California /sent. 
■ "• lUnWi U40 _4z South Ho „ e Street 



Broadway 3701 

AUTOMOBILE REPAIRS AND SUPPLIES 

GEO. P. HUMMEL 

Second-hand- cars for sale that are 

completely overhauled and 

guaranteed 

519 W. Pico St. Los Angeles, Cal. 



The Glidden Tour 

Thirty cars started last Monday in- 
the Glidden Tour, the sixth annual 
reliability run of the American Auto- 
mobile Association. 

Following are the contestants for 
the three trophies with their numbers, 
drivers and cars: 

Glidden Trophy 

1, Webb Jay. Premier; 2, J. L. 



/77?2 c*?G 


Yd 


V / (fa 


BUILT TO USE 




W 


ifywj 


3 car loads new models just 
received 

Your inspection invited 
LORD MOTOR CAR CO. 

1231 So. Main St. 


MOTOR CARS 









14 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




iVSIC 




By MAT RAMSEY THORN 



Lady friends of the Orpheus Club 
members were entertained at the an- 
nual banquet held Tuesday evening 
at the Gamut Club. A feature of the 
entertainment was the presentation to 
Mr. Selby, the president of the club, 
of a pair of copper book racks suit- 
ably engraved, and to Mr. Elmer T. 
Marsh, a handsome fountain pen. Mr. 
Leo Bergin made the presentation 
speeches, and songs were sung by 
Messrs. Dunwell and Powers, several 
impromptu quartettes were- given, se- 
lected from the club's past' pro- 
grammes. President Selby, speaking 
of the past season's work, commented 
on the fact that the club had sung 
at the Los Angeles High School, the 
Polytechnic High School, Dana Bart- 
lett's Bethlehem Institute, the Long 
Beach Chautauqua, had given three 
concerts for their patrons, and that all 
the music had been memorized, a re- 
markable evidence of the work of Mr. 
Dupuy, the conductor. 



"The Letters of Beethoven", com- 
piled by Dr. A. C. Kalischer and late- 
ly translated by J. S. Sherlock, con- 
tain, it is claimed, all the letters of 
Beethoven already published together 
with a number of others which are 
now printed for the first time. The 
letters furnish a study in contrasts. 
Side by side with many that are full 
of noble sentiments are others full of" 
trivialities of molehills that assumed 
the proportion of mountains in the 
eyes of the irritable correspondent. 
The singular discomfort of his bache- 
lor housekeeping, arrangements aie 
brought vividly before the reader. He 
was constantly changing lodgings or 
servants, and seemed always to 
change for the worse. 

Beethoven was an ardent republi- 
can and during the rise of Napoleon 
Bonaparte he cherished the belief 
. that the great general had in mind the 
formation of a republic on the lines 
of Plato's great plan, and was only 
undeceived when Napoleon had him- 
self proclaimed Emperor of the 
French. He had written his Sinfonia 
Eroica as a tribute to the Corsican, 
but after this shattering of his illus- 
ion refused to dedicate it to him. 

It is supposed that Beethoven's love 
for the Countess Guillietta Guicciardi 
was the most serious of his many 
"affaires de coeur" and his letters to 



her breath the most extravagant af- 
fection. 

Dr. Kalischer brings forth evidence 
to show that the tender memory of 
Countess Guicciardi lingered in Beet- 
hoven's heart for many years after 
the cessation of their friendship. 



Among many stories of this great 
genius which bring him more inti- 
mately before us, Dr. Kalischer tells 
the following: 

"Beethoven; as is well known, was 
deaf. He had the queerest ideas 
about the origin of this affliction, per- 
sistently declaring that the doctors 
knew nothing about it; that they had 
treated him all wrong, and that the 
real seat of the evil lay in his stomach. 
For a time he used a brass ear trum- 
pet, but, finding that it affected his 
brain, he took to a slate, on which 
his interlocutors had to write. His 
daily attendant was a sort of house- 
keeper, whom, however, he often 
sent on errands. Therefore it some- 
times happened that visitors rang and 
knocked without the slightest result, 
because he did not hear them. 

They simply opened one door af- 
ter another until they found them, 
selves in his presence. When made 
aware of their arrival he would step 
forward, slate in hand, to begin the 
conversation in the only way possible 
to him." 

The Brahms Festival at Munich has 
been fixed to take place from the 10th 
to the 14th of September. Besides the 
Meiningen Hofkapelle and the Mun- 
ich Musical Artists' Orchestra, the 
celebrated Gurzenich Choir will take 
part. 



Following was the program given 
at one of the recent weekly musicales 
of the Van Stein_ Academy: Cappric- 
cio (Schutt), Clarence Bates; Dance 
(Hoffman), Fitzsimmons; Moment 
Musicale (Schubert), Payson; First 
Movement D major Sonata (Bee- 
thoven), Newkirk; Heller Study D 
Minor (Beethoven), Cassidy; Valse G 
flat (Chopin),- Swearingen; Second 
Movement D major Sonata (Bee- 
thoven), Brown; Adagio in E (Hay- 
dn), Brigham; Impromptu (Moore), 
Skelton; Rhapsody B minor (Bra- 
hms), Roussakoy; Song Without 
Words (Eilenberg), Veronee; Third 
Movement C major Sonata (Haydn), 
Schouten. 



H 
A 

R 
R 



MR. AND MRS. 



Clifford Lott 



BARITONE AND PIANIST 



RECITALS 



912 WEST 20th STREET 
Los Angeles, Cal. 



IfilT OR.MJSS I 




The average daily attendance at the 
Fair at Seattle up to July 2 was over 
22,000; July 3, 40,000; July 4 (Sun- 
day), 37,000; July 5, 61,000. Over 
840,000 visitors in all, to July 5. 



Read "The German Way of Making 
Better Cities," by Sylvester Baxter, 
in the Atlantic Monthly for July. 



I never saw a purple week 
Until I saw this here one, 

But I will bet it's .vain to seek 
A purpler Elk and Dear one. 
— H. P. E. 



The Chamber of Commerce at Port 
au Prince offers to place at the dis- 
posal of chambers of commerce, pro- 
ducers and manufacturers of the 
United St'ates and its colonies a space 
in its rooms for the exhibition of 
their products. 



The national railway lines of Mex- 
ico offer a special excursion rate of 
$130 to the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Ex- 
position at Seattle; the itinerary in- 
cludes stops at San Francisco and 
other coastal points, and allows ten 
days at Seattle. 



Panama is to have an international 
exposition in 1915. 

The Fourth Latin-American Medi- 
cal Congress will take place from 
August 1 to September 30, 1909, at 
Rio de Janeiro; the United States 
delegate is Dr. W. J. S. Stewart of 
the Public Health and Marine-Hos- 
pital Service. 



The object of the International 
Club of San Antonio, Texas, is to im- 
prove the social and business rela- 
tions between Mexico and the United 
States. It has a membership of over 
500 and includes in its honorary list 
of names those of General Porfirio 
Diaz and ex-President Roosevelt. 
The former presented the club with 
an almost life-size portrait of him- 
self, and the Mexican government 
has provided an exhibit of Mexican 
products. If more organizations of 



this kind were started in the states 
closely associated with the different 
Latin American republics, another 
step would be taken toward greater-. 
Pan-American accord. — From the 
June Bulletin of the Bureau of Ameri- 
can Republics. 



A Paris contemporary has been in- 
structing its readers how to live to a 
good age, drawing its conclusions 
from the lives and writings of dis- 
tinguished men. Michael Eugene 
Chevreul, the celebrated French 
chemist, who lived 103 years, was al- 
ways frugal in regard to his diet and 
considered a happy disposition to be 
an important factor contributing to 
his long life. Victor Hugo had a 
tablet on the wall of his house with 
the following: "Rising at 6, dining at 
10. supping at 6, retiring at 10 make 
the life of man ten times ten." The 
secret of Moltke's health lay m his 
great moderation in all .things. Sir 
Benjamin Ward Richardson declared 
that those who wished to reach a cen- 
tury must neither smoke nor drink. 
They should eat sparingly of meat, 
work 'as little as possible by artificial 
light, trouble themselves little about 
making a fortune and never allow am- 
bition to rule their lives. 



DON'T FAIL TO HEAR THE 
LECTURE on "Benefits Attained 
from a Progressive Life" Sunday, 8 
p. m., in Grant Hall, 720 South 
Grand avenue. Subject last 'Sunday 
was "After Death— What?" The 
audience was more than astonished. 
Free. 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Denoted exclusively to Music, Ait, Science 
Studios and Halls for all purposes for rent. Largest 
Studio building in the West. For terms and all infor- 
mation apply to F. W. BLANCH a>RD. 
233 S Broadway - - 232 S. Hill St. 
Los Angeles, California 



STUDIOS FOR RENT 

Well lighted and quiet studios in 
the GAMUT CLUB Building. Espe- 
cially attractive summer quarters 
for musicians and artists. For 
terms apply to the Manager, 1044 
South Hope Street. 



THE LOS ANGELES 

MUSIC SHOP 

315 Blanchard Building 

MAIN 2202 HOME 10082 



mm&> rasa© 



IN ALL ITS BRANCHES 



Piano. 



"The Everett's singing or sustaining quaity 
supports the voice beyond any piano I have 
known." — Lillian Nordica. 

Sold only by 

SMITH MUSIC CO. ^SSSS!" 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



li 




eatt*e 




Mason 

by Henry Miller's associate 
week's return cli- 
ent ;it the Mason Opera House 
with matinee on 
: les k.nin Kennedy's 
famous play i> well known to Los 
Angeles theatergoers, having been 
presented here just eleven months 
immediately after the long run 
at the Savoy Theatre in New York 

saw the play bi 



Zealand and Australia. Charles Dal 
ton and Ben Field, two of the original 
company who were not seen here Inst 
year, are now included in the cast. 
\V. Wilson, Lizzie Hudson Col- 
lier and Wilfred Roger are also new 
to Los Angeles theatregoers, but have 
played their presenl roles during the 
winter season jusl past. The other 
members of the company continue in 
their former roles. 



Belasco 
Ade's famously successful 




Charles Dalton as Bob, the Drain Man in "The Servant 
in the House" at the Mason 



any other city in America except 
New York, and will enjoy a return 
engagement several months before the 
play is presented for the first time in 
such important cities as Cincinnati. 
St. Louis, Cleveland. Detroit, Buffalo, 
Pittsburg, New Orleans, Atlanta and 
other theatrical centers in the eastern 
and southern states. 

This is positively the farewell ap- 
pearance of Henry Miller's associate 
players in "The Servant in the House" 
in Califronia as bookings arranged 
mure than a year ago will keep the 
celebrated organization in eastern and 
southern states for two more years, 
after which Henry Miller will send 
the present company and production 
on a tour of the large cities in New 



drama, "The College Widow," will be 
played next week by the Belasco com- 
pany. No play that has ever been 
written by a native dramatist has 
been more eminently successful and 
popular than this play that deals with 
college life in a small Indiana town. 

The entire numerical strength of the 
Belasco Company will be seen in "The 
College Widow" and besides the reg- 
ular members of the organization 
there will be over a score of specially 
engaged players, each of whom will 
he seen in a role of considerable im- 
portance. 

Following "The College Widow," 
the Belasco Company will give the 
first performance in the West of Ed- 
gar Selwyn s play, "Pierre of the 



Plains," which i- founded 

Ibcrl Park British 

Columbia In "Pierre of the 11 
Richard Bennett will have the ro 
Pierre, which was played in N'ev 

Citj bj Mr Selwyn. 

Majestic 
With .01 augmented company the 

Morosco Musical i lians «ill offer 

an elab, .rate revival of "A Runaway 
j- the second bill of the sum 
mer season at the Majestic. I 
comedy has not bei n seen here in sev- 
eral years and consequently will have 
almost the charm of novelty. Il 
ularity is attested by runs of 600 
nights in London and 300 nights in 
Daly's theatre. New York. It opens 
tomorrow (Sunday) and continues 
through the week with the customary 
Wednesday and Saturday matinee per- 
formances. 

In the Majestic production, which 
will lie made under the very capable 
direction of Harry Girard, Agnes 
■Caine-Browne will be seen in the 
name role; Mr. Girard as the head of 
the wandering players with whom she 
runs away and Percy V. Bronson as 
the young man with whom she falls 
in love. Prominently cast will be Miss 
Marie Nelson, Henry Stockbridge, 
Marjorie Dalton, Maybelle Baker, 
William Yerance, Maude Beatty, 
Grace Marvin, Emil Ballard, Edith 
Salyer, Harry Weil and Milton 
Dougherty. 

Henry Stockbridge will play the 
important comedy part of Flipper, a 
jockey who dangles around after 
Lady Coodle's maid, Alice, played by 
Miss Nelson. 



Burbank 
"The Hypocrites," Henry Arthur 
Jones" powerful four act play, will be 
revived at the Burbank during the 
week beginning with the usual mati- 
nee tomorrow (Sunday) and includ- 
ing a matinee performance next Sat- 
urday. The drama was first seen in 
Los Angeles in May of last year when 
Edythe Chapman Neill played the im- 
portant role of Mrs. Wilmore, which 
Mr. Morosco now entrust to Lillian 
Burkhart, Miss Burkhart having been 
especially engaged for the part. The 
character of Mr. Wilmore will be 
played by Bertram Grassby who has 
been "loaned" to the Burbank by the 
Shuberts for this one part. Neither 
Miss Burkhart nor Mr. Grassby are 
permanent additions to the company. 
In the current revival of the play 
William Desmond, Blanche Hall, 
Harry Mestayer, John W. Burton and 
H. S. Duffield will again be seen in 
the roles they assumed a little more 
than a year ago. 

Grand 

The Grand Opera House Stock 
Company will resume its operations 



on the melodramatic field M inlay 
-tirring pi 

fering I 

ml the in.. 
1 
elaboi i iture. 

Tile principal role "ill be 
Miss Zora Bati -. the new leading 

the ' ii ind i oi 

n hile such popular favi Vlicc 

I i ■ is, I ,r.i, e Rauvt orth, Harry I irl 
- ■ \\ i hi,. Robert Leonard and 
i lie other members ol thi Grand ' om 
pany will be seen in roles in which 
their individual talents hat e Full Si opi 
for display. 

Following "Kate Barton's Tempta- 
tions," the Grand I >pi i a I louse I om 
pany will offer "In the Shadow of the 
Gallows," .i melodrama that had a 
long and eminently successful career 
in the east, but which thus far has 
never been made known to local the- 
atre goers 

Equine Note 

"Why don't you try to drive that 
horse without profanity?" 

"It wouldn't do any good." an- 
swered the canal boatman. "It ain't 
fair to the 'orse to ask it to start at 
its time o' life to learn a lot o' polite 
words." — Sketch. 



Christian Science Services 

Fourth Church of Christ, Sci- 
entist — Service at 11 a. m. in 
Symphony Hall, No. 232 South 
Hill St. Sermon from the 
Christian Science Quarterly. 
Subject: 

"LIFE" 

Children's Sunday School, 
9:30 a. m. 

Wednesday evening meetings 
in Blanchard Hall, No. 233 So. 
Broadway, at 8 o'clock. 

Reading Room, 510 Herman 
W. Hellman Building, Spring 
and Fourth streets. Open daily, 
except Sunday, from 9 a. m. to 
9. p. m. 



Christian Science Services 

Second Church of Christ Sci- 
entist— Ebell Hall, 18th and Fi-' 
gueroa streets. 

Third Church of Christ Sci- 
entist — Simpson Auditorium, 734 
S. Hope Street. Services Sun- 
day 11 a. m. and 8 p. m. Ser- 
mon from the Christian Science 
Quarterly. Subject: 

"LIFE" 

IChildren's Sunday School 
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meetings at 8 o'clock. Reading 
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Hellman Bldg., Spring and 
Fourth streets, open daily, Sun- 
days excepted, from 9 a. m. to 
9 p. m. 





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221 West Fifth 



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716 S. Olive St. Los Angeles, Cal. 





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Information and literature re- 
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agents or Pass.enger Depart ■ 
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French, German and Italian diction 

Coaching for Opera, Concert and 

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Monday and Thursday mornings; 
Tuesday and Friday afternoons. 

Residence Phone A 9045 



Hotel Melrose 

120 South Grand Avenue 

Positively a first class family 
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The Melrose has been estab- 
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The Misses Page School for Girls 

243 WEST ADAMS STREET 

Home Phone 21202 

Sunset South 3539 
Amid ideal surroundings and directed by competent teachers the 
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Call, Telephone or Write for Catalogue. Pu P n» admitted at any time. 



PACIFIC OUTW)K 



Vol. VII. Mo. 4. 



Los JIngeles, California, July 24, 1909. 



5 Cents 




Year 



OUR MR. TAFT 



Did the reader chance to discover a little 
discussion in these columns, several weeks 
ago, of "President Taft Down to Date?" 
. he will remember that it was dc 

to the ancient inquiry, "Is he wid us or agin 
ib," and it sounded a good deal like one who 
whistles as he passes the cemetery on a dark 
night. 

Fundamentally we wanted to believe in 
Taft, because he had the right kind of train- 
ing for the job, and because he had the 
"1. R." endorsement. L!ut he was just then 
looking so horribly like a total loss that the 
judicial tone came a bit hard, and in fact 
squeaked in spots. 

Now it is our time to gloat, if the stand- 
patter and the give-up-everything-for-a- 
tariff-on-my-product chap will please look 
in the other direction. The first big essen- 
tial test has come, and Taft is with us. Not 
with us dubiously or conditionally, but em- 
phatically and effectively. 

Who's "Us"? 

"L's" are the people that pay 90 per cent 
of the indirect taxation collected in this 
country — and who are pretty tired of it. 
Yes ; we know all about that theory that 
some of us sometimes get some of it back. 
The Louisiana Lottery used to work that 
same way. Tom Jones over in the next 
county got a thousand dollar prize, but five 
hundred of us hereabout put up a dollar a 
month for years and years and never got a 
bean. The big rake-offs went to the man- 
agement of the thing, and they got enor- 
mously rich and owned the legislature. 

There is enough of "Us", if we ever get 
thoroughly waked up, to carry every elec- 
tion in the country by a majority of 5 to 1, 
or such a matter. 

Look out for "Us", for if we ever get 
started we can make an avalanche look like 
a gentle fall of dew. 

Just about the last people in the country 
to find out real public sentiment are the 
politicians. They are great believers in the 
whatever-has-been; and as a result they 
bring up pretty frequently in the has-been 
class themselves. 

But one would think that even the politi- 
cians must know that the people want the 
indirect (tariff) taxes reduced. Partisan- 
ship cuts very little figure in the issue, for 
/ practically all the Republican papers of the 
country, except those openly and notorious- 
ly controlled by corporate interests, have 
declared in favor of revision downwards. 
The platform of the parly was supposed to 
be clear enough — until Aldrich had the im- 
pudence to question it — but that there might 
be no doubt whatever. Mr. Taft, during the 
campaign and afterwards, declared his be- 
lief that tariff revision meant a reduction of 
the tax. Tiie country was astounded when 
Mr. Cannon's men came through with a bill 
that had seine few advances : and the people 
were angered beyond measure when Aldrich 
and his Senatorial manikins (including Flint 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 

Published Every Saturday 

837 South Spring St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 
Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered at second-class matter April 5, 1907, at the postornce at 
L09 Angeles, California, under the act of Congress of March J, 1879. 

and Perkins) piled several hundred more in- 
creases on top of that. 

But the danger point is now passed. The 
President has spoken, and his language does 
not admit of any question as to what he 
means, nor of whether he is in earnest. He 
will veto the bill if put up to him in its 
present form. He wants free raw materials 
to stimulate (honestly not falsely stimulate) 
manufacturing, and he want no increases 
over the Dingley Act unless absolute neces- 
sity compels. 

We must admit, too, that the President 
spoke at just the right moment. Both he 
and the public were entitled to know what 
each house, of Congress would stand for. 
He used the Bunker Hill rule: "Wait until 
you can see the whites of their eyes, then 
fire." 

Mr. Taft, we beg your pardon for feeling 
a bit impatient. Anyhow, we did not men- 
tion it in public. You see Teddy had so 
accustomed us to a yell and a roar before 
he got into action, and he was always such 
a Johnnie-on-the-spot for promptness. Your 
style is different — more becoming to a man 
of judicial gravity and avoirdupois. 

It is not only the question of honest tariff 
reduction — that is important, but neverthe- 
less a detail — it is the great issue of the in- 
terests vs. the people. "On which side, Be- 
zonian, speak or die!" A clear line-up is 
coming. No man in public life will be al- 
lowed to escape it. Up to the time he sur- 
rendered to the Aldrich program, we were 
uncertain about Flint. But we know him 
now — j U st as we know Beveridge and the 
brave dozen who dared to stand up against 
partisan taunts and vote to protect the 
people from more robbery. 

But, soft you now! We had almost for- 
gotten something. 

We have had some discussion here of the 
lemon tariff and the price Flint was paying 
for it. 

Did the reader happen to notice in the 
dispatch what the President said to Hayes 
of California, who was in the delegation 
from the Representatives that called at the 



While House and received the now famous 
ultimatum ? 

When it was I laves' turn to Spiel, he held 
forth on the iniquity of reducing the tax 
on — what do you think? \\ hy, iron ore, to 
be sure. 

We produce so much iron ore in this 
stale! 

And then Taft turned on him with that 
naughty little 1 winkle at the corner of his 
eye .and said : 

"I guess what you are after is a tariff on 
lemons." 

Saw right through it, didn't he? 

Evidently we have a President with an 

exquisite sense of humor, and that is a good 

sign in itself. 

•!■ 4. .;. 

THE NEW BASIS OF HOPE 



Some people are entirely satisfied with 
things as they are in this world, because 
having secured a good portion for them- 
selves, they can be calmly indifferent to 
the troubles of' others. These people for- 
tunately are few in number, although their 
names are spread before us in the news- 
papers by reason of the imposing elegance 
of the stys in which they live, and the 
golden luxury of the troughs out of which 
they eat and grow fat. 

But the vast majority of the thinking, 
feeling people of the world know well 
enough that things are not as they should 
be in the affairs of men. 

Who has the impertinence to ask us to 
be satisfied when we know : that society is 
rich enough to abolish poverty ; that most 
contagious diseases could be stamped out 
of existence by concerted effort ; that 90 
per cent of all crime could be abolished in 
two generations, if rightly dealt with ; that 
over-production of anything useful is im- 
possible; that panics are the business man's 
fit of hysterics ; that most sickness is unne- 
cessary ; that strikes and riots are relics of 
personal warfare — like duelling; that child 
labor is a social crime, and that the vast 
majority of the people of this nation want 
honest government, clean beautiful cities 
in which to live, and education and proper 
protection for their own and all others' chil- 
dren. 

We admit that some consolation is to be 
had from the fact that most things are not 
so bad now as they were half a century ago. 
Why, at that time, 1859, slavery still exist- 
ed in one-third of the Union, graft was uni- 
versal and unchallenged in the cities, men 
killed each other in duels, surgery was an- 
other name for blood poisoning, and we did 
not know whether we had a national gov- 
ernment or not. 

Poor sort of consolation that, however. 
The friend who tells us not to mind the boil, 
because he knew a man once that died of a 
carbuncle, does not make much of a hit 
with us. 

Hope is the dearest possession of the hu- 
man heart. Soft and easy it carries us over 
the rough spots. Without it. life would be 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



almost intolerable. How can the man of 
brain and heart endure to look out over the 
vast festering heap of crime, filth and mis- 
ery, of ignorance, sickness and degradation 
that lies almost at his very door, and say, 
"There. is no hope; it must always be thus — 
and perhaps even worse." 

No, no; none of us believe it. That way 
madness lies. It is enough to endure that 
we can help so little, but if we may not 
hope — Oh, no ; not that ! 

Three roads lead out from this awful 
tangle. Each has its guides pointing the 
way. 

''Come with us," say the preachers. "We 
will show you a land where the streets are 
golden and the houses of jasper. You shall 
enter itby the gate of Death. Endure this 
life and its troubles patiently; be just, kind 
and good, and the reward will come to you 
in the next life, where the last shall be first, 
where the wicked cease from troubling -and 
the weary are at rest." 

"But what about this life?" you ask. 

"If everyone will do right, all will go well 
in this life also, and we shall then have the 
new Jerusalem on this earth." 

"Come with us," say the Socialists. "We 
have a plan for a complete reorganization 
of society, with the community owning the 
means of production. It is absolutely new 
and has never been used yet. All that is 
necessary to carry it out is to get a majority 
of the votes of the country in favor of it, 
and then work out some of the little details 
that may have been overlooked ; but if we 
are right in theory we know it must come 
out all right in practice, and if you will let 
us explain — " 

"But wait a moment," you cry out. "Must 
we put off all hope of betterment until the 
slow and timid old world is ready to vote 
for the plunge into your new experiment? 
Can't we use parts of your scheme, or is it 
of necessity the whole thing or nothing?" 

The answer comes in a fierce babel of dis- 
cordant voices out of which you can dis- 
tinguish little else than the epithets "Opor- 
tunist," "Extremist," "Compromiser," 
Traitor" and "Dreamer." You turn away 
hopeless of any early solution from that 
quarter. A beautiful dream that may come 
true tomorrow — but we are living in today. 

"Come with us," say the Practical Re- 
formers. "We can't offer you any short cut 
to Paradise here or hereafter. We admit 
that our road is long and rocky, full of 
brambles and pitfaiis, and that progress 
wil be very slow at the start. Neverthe- 
less, we have, with the aid of these Social 
and Economic Experts, worked out a pretty 
clear program or chart, and we know ap- 
proximately what we are trying to do, who 
our enemies are, where the goal lies, and 
what it contains for the human race. And 
although the way is long, there is work 
enough for you to make you forget your 
fatigue and — which is more important — to 
make you endure more patiently the 
thought of all the sorrow and suffering by 
which you are surrounded. 

"This begins to sound good," you say. 
"Tell us more." 

"We take the world as we find it," they 
answer, "and our work begins — everywhere, 
always — with conditions as they are. Thus 
the foundations, while not always beautiful 
perhaps, and certainly not ideal, are never- 
theless solid and reliable. All our theories 
and our hopes, all our efforts and achieve- 
ments begin and end with the people them- 
selves. The only thing in this world that 
we believe in without reservation is Democ- 



racy. Everything goes back to that. Either 
the people go forward with us, or we wait 
until they are ready to come. Sometimes 
we get behind the crowd and shove, some- 
times we run ahead and urge them on ; but 
always we are with them, and they occupy, 
and never surrender, the ground that is 
gained." 

"And you expect to abolish all poverty, 
crime, disease and ignorance?" we ask 
eagerly. 

"No!" they shout back. "Not in a thou- 
sand years. We are not Abolitionists. We 
are Reductionists. Does vaccination abolish 
smallpox or the quarantine abolish cholera? 
But society is no longer rent and torn to 
fragments by those diseases. Look at that 
fat-headed Polonius over there, with the 
big watch seals and the grey side whiskers. 
He is perfectly happy when he can get some 
one to listen to him while he says over and 
over, 'You can't abolish poverty until you 
change human nature.' He really thinks he 
is doing something profound when he brays 
that way. Who wants to abolish poverty? 
We would not for anything in this world 
deprive the well-to-do of the satisfaction 
they feel in contemplating poverty — in the 
abstract. We intend to keep a few just for 
samples — but the great horrid festering 
mass must go. There won't be any miracles, 
nor French Revolutions, nor war of classes, 
nor any clap trap of that kind — just plain 
statutes and ordinances dealing with such 
world-old questions as indirect taxation, 
sanitation, labor troubles, insurance, public 
work, education, care of children, protection 
to mothers, etc. The materials are all here 
at hand, and it needs only common sense 
to put them together. As for crime, dis- 
ease and ignorance, they largely grow out 
of poverty. Crime is the result of society's 
neglect of the individual while he is young. 
The very worst disease now in evistence — 
tuberculosis — can be practically wiped out 
in less than 20 years if we choose to have 
'it so." 

"And what is the first 'step for all this 
great program?" we ask. 

"Good government. Philanthropy can 
help in the exploration work. Individuals 
can plan and experts can advise; but the 
great motive power is the government it- 
self — national, state, county and city. These 
must be wrested away from the special in- 
terests that now control them and given 
over to the people. ■ But that will come. It 
is -almost here." 

* * * 

BOTTLED-UP OAKLAND 



We recently described in these columns 
the condition of San Pedro, shut off from 
its own water front by the railway. An- 
other California city that is in a similar 
condition is Oakland. Indeed, when the 
harbor contest was on, as between San 
Pedro and Santa Monica, the city of Oak- 
land was constantly employed by the advo- 
cates of a free harbor as an example of a 
city whose water front had been allowed 
to fall into the hands of the Southern Pa- 
cific. 

But the commercial opportunity offered 
to this coast by the Panama canal is waking 
up Oakland, and her people are actively can- 
vassing the situation to determine how they 
are to tear themselves loose from the mon- 
opoly that has so long held them in its 
grip. Recently there has appeared a very 
lucid report on the legal status and the 
physical features of the Oakland water 
front by J. T. Flynn, who is consulting en- 



gineer for the California River and Harbor 
League. 

Mr. Flynn's conclusions are that there is 
ample opportunity for Oakland to recover 
most of what she seems to have lost, and 
to make good use of what is left. As a 
striking example of what can be done by 
people who are in earnest he puts forward 
Los Angeles. 

"The one city on the Pacific Coast," says 
the report, "outside of San Francisco, that 
seems to have fully realized the commercial 
importance of the Panama canal, and the 
necessity of making timely preparation 
therefor, is Los Angeles. The Southern 
metropolis, which has not heretofore made 
any special claim to maritime greatness by 
reason of its inland location, now proposes 
to take in San Pedro and Wilmington, on 
the coast, twenty miles distant, under con- 
solidation, arid expend $10,000,000 in the 
construction of modern docks, warehouses, 
terminals and belt line railroads, the entire 
system to be operated by the city. 

"This is an ambitious undertaking, but 
it will pay and pay handsomely, not only 
through its direct earnings, but through the 
outside capital it will attract in the .con- 
struction of electric and other feeders to 
the interior. With such a modern dock 
system, and the low tolls that will natural- 
ly prevail, together with the fact that it 
cuts off 300 miles each way on the Panama 
run, it will not only attract capital in the 
construction of electric or other feeders to 
the interior as far as Nevada, Arizona and 
even Utah, but will make several of the 
great transcontinental railroads, now work- 
ing west in search of terminals, sit up and 
take notice. 

"The people of Los Angeles, more than 
of any port on the Coast, seem to appre- 
ciate what the federal government has done 
for them, in the construction of a $5,000,000 
breakwater at San Pedro, and they now 
propose to help make a success of the na- 
tion's great $300,000,000 canal enterprise, 
by furnishing cheap and ample dockage for 
the hundreds of ships that will employ that 
inter-oceanic highway. That sort of spirit 
would make a great city on the Desert of 
Sahara. Los Angeles has not grown by 
chance but by human effort." 

The people of this city who fought a- long 
fight with the Southern Pacific to save their 
harbor and are ready to fight just as long 
and as hard all over again if need be, will 
wish Oakland success in her effort to throw 
off the yoke. 

<• * + 

UNIFORM COUNTY ACCOUNTING 



State Comptroller Nye has called the at- 
tention of the county auditors of the state 
to the existence of a law that empowers him 
to prescribe the form in which they shall 
report to him, which would in effect make 
him prescribe the form in which they are 
to keep their books. He says that the re- 
ports now submitted do not correspond in 
the character of the items entered as be- 
tween the various counties, whereby com- 
parisons are impossible and accurate totals 
are not obtainable for the state. 

He says in his circular letter to the audi- 
tors, that while he might, under the law, 
proceed to develop a plan which must be 
adopted by all counties, he prefers to put 
off action until he has heard from them as 
to what form or forms are best suited to 
local needs in order that the plan finally 
adopted may be satisfactory to all. 

In a recent magazine article, William 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Allen \\ I 

real reform in the political inst 

the counti - that tin ective 

of all fundamental i 

ating. 11 ill entire truth, that 

this is llu a new and im- 

■ 1 order of things it com- 

mends itself almost without on to 

intelligent man of affairs. And it 

- the way for a host of other refo 

:n States 
have laws prescribing in detail exactly how 
the counties, and in many cases the smaller 
municipalities also, shall keep their books. 
The effect of this arrangement has been to 

..•1 accurate and systematic accounting, 
and the mere presence in the county court 
house of a man competent to do that sort 

of work, it he enjoys, as he usually 
the confidence of his fellow citizens, helps 
to improve the condition of thing-. 
+ + + 
THE CITY CLUB 



In accordance with an arrangement be- 
tween the Board of Governors of the City 

Club and the management of this paper, 
Pacific Outlook will be regularly mailed 
hereafter to all the members of that organi- 
zation. 

This would seem to be a suitable occa- 
sion to explain for a second time that 
neither the City Club nor the Municipal 
League is in any way responsible for what 
appears in the Pacific Outlook ; neither of 
those organizations have any direct or in- 
direct interest in the paper, nor are they 
able to control its utterance in any way. 

We speak of this because we do not ex- 
pect to please everybody in the views we 
may present from week to week. There 
is a newspaper tradition that there never 
was but one publication that pleased every- 
body and it died, unfortunately, just before 
the first number appeared. The best any 
paper can do is to strike a fair average, to 
give the reader enough that pleases him to 
offset its occasional lapses when it says 
something that he does not approve. How- 
ever, whether we go right or go wrong, we 
alone are responsible. 

+ * * 
PRIVILEGE AND THE REFERENDUM 



When the mob batters at the door of the 
jail, then the terrified prisoner clings to the 
sheriff from whom, but a little time before, 
he was seeking to escape. 

Lord Roseberry, leader of the privileged 
classes of England, is demanding a referen- 
dum to the people on the law recently 
passed by Parliament fixing a tax on land. 
A matter of such vast importance should 
not be acted upon, he thinks, without learn- 
ing the sentiment of the voters at large. 

The new tax is denounced by the aristoc- 
racy and the great landowners, as the en- 
tering wedge of Henry Georgeism. It is 
not a heavy tax, to be sure, but it is uni- 
versal, and it will allow the English Gov- 
ernment to open a set of books — the like of 
which it never possessed before — in which 
will show who owns the land, what it is 
worth, and what share — if any — it bears of 
the burden of taxation. This is, indeed, a 
matter of profound importance. It is the 
first step of a possible economic revolution. 

Defeated, frightened almost in despair, 
the English aristocracy turns at the last 
ditch and holds out its trembling hands ap- 
pealingly — and to whom? Why, to the peo- 
ple. Let these be a referendum, they cry. 



Surely the people will n 

It is amusing, pathetic and disgusting. 
Ami it is the forerunner of a similar 

of appeal that we shall present!) listen to in 
this country. 

No doubt, because it has been fairly lib- 
eral with soup and blankets for the poor, the 
English aristocracy sees itself as the idol 
of tlu- people. It is surrounded bj flun 

snobs, cringing tradespeople, and subniis 

sive tenants. \\ hat does it know of thi 

le and their sentiments: Were it any- 
thing but a revenue measure, tin- Hoi 
Lords would stand, just as our own Senate 
stands, like a stone wall against tlu- as 
upon privilege. But the Lords cannot help 
them, nor the crown, for it is no loin 
political factor. There remains only the 
lie to whom the aristocracy would turn 
tor one last grand wheedle — but in vain. 
The referendum will not be granted, and if 
it were, it would of course g" against the 
plea of privilege. 

For the present the "Interests" hate and 
fear the referendum in this country. All 
direct legislation and even the related forms 
like the recall and the direct primary are 
taboo with them. They do not want the 
rule of the people. They want things man- 
aged by dummies who are ruled by bosses, 
and the bosses are financed and controlled 
by the "Interests" themselves. This is 
worked easily enough by playing on the 
partisan sentiment of the voters — just as 
the Russian reactionaries work their "po- 
grams" by stirring up the religious bigotry 
of the people. 

But suppose the people should at last fall 
to the game, refuse to be led off by the false 
partisanship scent, and should begin to elect 
honest, aggressive, independent men to of- 
fice. And suppose again that those new 
men, coming fresh from the people, and all 
alive to the wrongs of the past should en- 
deavor to get back for the cities what they 
have lost, should undertake reprisals, in 
short, from the camp of Privilege. This 
is not a violent nor an unreasonable assump- 
tion. Ten years hence exactly the state of 
affairs that we describe will be prevailing 
at many points of the compass. 

And what then will the Interests do, that 
now fight the entrance of direct legislation? 
They will throw themselves upon the Re- 
ferendum as a long lost brother. Their 
arms will be about the people's neck,- and 
they will plead with them tearfully. Already 
there are signs of a changed attitude. The 
cloud no larger than a man's hand has ap- 
peared over the horizon, and their eyes are 
leveled anxiously in that direction. Smooth 
corporation managers are offering to take 
the people along with them. Foxy ones 
are announcing their intention to withdraw 
from politics. But when the storm breaks 
those whom they now sneeringly refer to 
as "The Peepul" will suddenly become their 
dearest friends, and direct legislation a cher- 
ished boon. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

GOOD WORK 



The municipality of Los Angeles has re- 
centlv passed through a serious strain and 
come out with credit. For the space of 
more than a week there was an addition of 
one in five to its population, and at intervals 
during that time the increase ran as high 
as one in three. There were six days of 
almost continuous celebration, and three 
great pageants when the streets in the busi- 



• nter were m. 
i lur gui well 

pleased with the treatmnl that w 
ed them. I he weather from licgimii: 
end was absolutely ideal, with a minimum 
temperatui i maximum of 75. 

Through most of the d..\ tune of the week 
the temperature was 71 I here was 

of course no rain and no wind. 

The weather, however, is not strictly 
speaking, a municipal function. It is in the 
hand- of tlie United States Governmentl 

Hut the policing, the care of the street-, the 

sanitary regulations— these are matters for 

which we are entitled to take credit to our- 

- if they are well d 

The consensus of opinion seems to be 
that the municipality made a fine record 
during the Elks week. Chief of Police Dish- 

man and Street Commissioner Humphreys 
have come in for all sorts of bouquets. The 
streets were kept clean and in beautiful or- 
der. Immediately after each parade a corps 
of extra cleaners were sent into the streets 
and the litter was soon out of the way. 
Even the sidewalks were swept, and the 
streets were scrubbed. And before the Elks 
came, vacant lots were cleared, and ne- 
glected trees and dirty sidewalks in the 
residence district were put in order. 

The hardest problem of all fell to the 
lot of the Chief of Police, but he unques- 
tionably made good. His men were alert, 
capable and polite. Few arrests were made, 
and there were few complaints of wrong- 
doing. 

Some time before the Elks came, a move- 
ment was started among the so-called "lib- 
eral" element for a "wide-open'' town dur- 
ing the week of their stay. An appeal was 
made to Mayor Alexander and the police 
commission that they urge council to pass 
an ordinance allowing the saloons to stay 
open all night and Sundays. The Mayor 
responded with an emphatic utterance in 
which he defended the Elks from the im- 
putation which the request involved. Had 
such a policy been followed it would have 
been at once an insult to the Elks and an 
injury to the city; and no such record could 
have been made as we now enjoy contem- 
plating. 

<• + + 

EDITORIAL COMMENT 



From the way some of the interests are 
shying at the proposed corporation tax, one 
would be justified in thinking they have not 
yet been able to think out a plan whereby 
the consumer may be made to pay it. — 
Washington Herald. 



Our national income is ample. It is our 
national outgo that is foolish and wasteful. 
— Rochester Herald. 



An effort is being made to get Wilbur 
Wright on the platform, probably to lecture 
on "How to Rise in the World." — Atlanta 
Constitution. 



If Mr. Taft expects to save the life of his 
income-tax constitutional amendment it 
might be well for him to relieve Mr. Aldrich 
as night nurse and watch by its bedside him- 
self after dark. — New York World. 



At first sight, Shakespeare would seem to 
have been omitted from Dr. Eliot's list, but 
all that is best of him is there, of coi 
under Bacon's Essays and New -Atlantis. — 
New York Evening Post. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS 



Everybody is gratified over the fact that 
the bids for the' great viaduct and bridge 
at Buena Vista street and Downey avenue 
come well within the estimates. 



The city is now — according to a report of 
Commissioner Humphreys — caring for 514 
miles of streets of which 64.5 are perma- 
nently improved (paved), 28.5 graveled and 
oiled and 160.5 graveled. 



Sane Fourth for Us. Los Angeles will 
join the list of- "Sane Fourth" cities next 
year. An ordinance has passed ruling out 
firecrackers or other explosives including 
blank cartridges. Fireworks are allowed 
only at public exhibitions. Not only the 
use but also the sale of these articles is pro- 
hibited. 



A Sanitary City. Galveston recently re- 
ceived from Europe a shipment of 160 bar- 
rels of crude carbolic acid which will be 
used to destroy mosquitos and germs. 
Having put the city government in pretty 
good order by the commission system, the 
people of Galveston now propose to make 
their city a model of cleanliness and sanita- 
tion. 



Garbage Gathering at Night. The city of 
Perth Amboy in New Jersey will try the 
experiment which has been tried and aban- 
doned in many cities — that of collecting the 
garbage at night. Under extraordinary 
conditions it is sometimes a success, but as 
a rule it is found impractical. The collec- 
tors make darkness the excuse for all sorts 
of carelessness. 



The Playground Commission will open 
two new vacation playgrounds on July 
26th, one at the San Pedro Street School, 
corner of Eighteenth street, and the other 
on Thirtieth street just west of Main; this 
will make five vacation playgrounds now 
in operation, in addition to the three regu- 
lar places of recreation. 



The membership of the League of Jus- 
tice is increasing .rapidly, and .Mr. Haines 
W. Reed, the secretary, says that for the 
most part the increase is voluntary. Next 
week a statement of the purposes of the 
League will be issued, and an educational 
campaign launched to teach higher ideals 
of civic honesty. 



License Tax Collection. It is to be hoped 
that council will go to the bottom of the 
issue between the police department and 
the tax collector's office, and settle it, not 
on the basis of politics, nor of keeping a job 
for somebody, but for the city's best in- 
terest. If the police department can do the 
work without extra expense to the city, 
why continue the present arrangement? 



Marking Municipal Automobiles. Like 
every other city in the Union, New York 
has been buying many automobiles for 
municipal use, and has had the usual ■ ex- 
perience that they are used for other than 
municipal purposes. It now proposes to so 
distinguish the city's machines by color and 
by lettering that they can be seen and 
recognized from afar. This, it is believed, 



will put a good deal of a damper upon joy 
riding at night and the Sunday family pic- 
nic. This city is accumulating automobiles 
at a rapid rate. Paint is not very expensive. 
These propositions are worth' considering. 



Oil and Natural Soil. After four or five 
years of experiment with working oil into 
the natural soil of the. street, the city au- 
thorities have decided that there shall be 
no more of it, and that hereafter six inches 
of gravel or crushed rock with oil worked 
into it shall form the basis of street im- 
provement other than regular paving. In 
this connection we today publish the report 
of Inspector Humphreys. 



Sad Case of Congestion. The Board of 
Health has decreed that milk containing 
more than 500,000 germs to the cubic centi- 
meter is dangerous to health. A cubic cen- 
timeter is about one-thirtieth of a cubic 
inch — about half of the first joint of your 
little finger — if you have a small hand. It 
would seem impossible that even as many 
as 500,000 beings could dwell in that much 
space and maintain any kind of decent sani- 
tary arrangements. 



Return to Waring's Method. When Col. 
Waring was in charge of New York's 
streets he organized the children to help in 
the work. Tammany characterized this as 
a "sissy proposition," and when the Low 
administration went out the children were 
disbanded. At last, after eight years, the 
street authorities have decided that they 
must have popular assistance to keep the 
city clean, and they are again organizing 
the children. 



The Recall a Century Ago. Someone 
writing in the Hearst papers calls attention 
to the fact that the recall as an institution 
came into the discussion over the framing 
of the constitution of the United States. 
Delegate Luther Martin of Maryland is 
quoted as objecting to a six-year term for 
United States Senators, unless it was 
coupled with some species of recall. He 
mentions the fact that the delegates his 
own state, or colony, had been sending to 
the Federation Congress held office under a 
provision by which they might be recalled 
at the will of their constituents. 



The School House for all the People. 

The success which has attended the New 
York plan of throwing open the school 
houses at night for the use of the adults of 
the neighborhood has led to the adoption 
of that plan in many other cities. The city 
has a large investment in its school prop- 
perty, and there is no reason why it should 
be idle any part of the twenty-four hours 
when it might be in use. The modern city 
school house is usually supplied with an 
assembly hall seating all the way from 100 
to 1000. Some of these are supplied with 
stage paraphernalia for theatricals, are 
well adapted for -concerts and lantern 
shows ; and this assembly room and other 
rooms in the building can be used for meet- 
ings of all sorts and for neighborhood cen- 
ters. New York has a vast system of lec- 
tures, lantern shows and other entertain- 
ments of an instructive and useful charac- 



ter that has developed through this general 
use of the school buildings. This is a form 
of civic enterprise that has not been worked 
out as yet in Los Angeles, as there has been 
apparently but little demand for it; but 
in the planning of public school houses it 
should be carefully considered. 



A Model City at Washington. Together 
with the proposition for the establishment 
of a Department of Public Health with a 
cabinet officer, and the undertaking by the 
National Government of a determined cam- 
paign against all contagious diseases, comes 
the suggestion that Congress shall make 
such appropriations for the city of Wash- 
ington as will make it a model for other 
cities to follow. This would involve abso- 
lute cleanliness, the abolition of slums, a 
high standard of both municipal and pri- 
vate improvements and a splendid develop- 
ment of all forms of civic beauty. It was 
on this kind of a dream that Washington 
was originally laid out. 



The Water Commissionship. The Mayor 
has sent to council notice of the removal of 
General M. H. Sherman from the Water 
Board, and has announced his intention of 
substituting Major H. T. Lee. ■ Council has 
deferred action for one week, for the pur- 
pose, it was said, of giving General Sher- 
man a chance to resign. It would be diffi- 
cult to conceive of a more admirable nomi- 
nation to fill this vacancy than that of 
Major' Lee, who has been appropriately 
called the "Secretary of State of Los An- 



>*!*?*Sfe- 



Sq-Broadway ^^SHSSE*^** So. Hiu. Street 
A. PUSENOT CO. 

We are exclusive agents for the 

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KID GLOVES 



THE MAIN question, in buying 
Kid Gloves is quality. If you 
buy a pair of Reynier gloves 
you are assured of good qual- 
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To experience that feeling of satisfac- 
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let your next pair be Reynier's. 

A Large Assortment of Sizes, Lengths and Colors 
Always in Stock. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



geles." He is ;' roughly conversant with 

many 
I the citj n water is 

the highest type of citizenship — 
prurient, c -. practical and ready to 

work. Tl not live among us a man 

•in the community owes more. 



Consolidation. The register has cl 
an Pedro and Wilmington, with ;i total 
number of voters for the former of 14'>1 and 
for the latter of 180. It is believed that 
over 13*1 votes will be cast in the election 
at San Pedro and over 160 at Wilmington. 
From present indications the majority in 
favor of consolidation will be strong in 
both cities. Wilmington votes first — Aug- 
ust 4th — and in that place there is prac- 
tically no opposition. Thus when San 
Pedro comes to vote, it will be compelled to 
face the alternative of joining with Los An- 
geles or of witnessing the rapid upbuilding 
of Wilmington through improvements se- 
cured for it by Los Angeles, while San 
Pedro is thrown back on its own limited 
trees. 



Book for Taxpayers. The city of Water- 
bury, Connecticut, issues a small book, 
2'_x5 inches in size. 17 pages in extent, 
that contains a line of information that our 
own citizens would find very valuable could 
a similar book be prepared for them. Its 
nts are thus summarized: how to list 
taxable property, the duties of assessors 
and the rights and duties of the taxpayer, 
the functions of the Board of Ecpialization, 
the general routine of assessors, boards and 
•tors in fixing and collecting the taxes, 
a full statement of water rates, sewer as- 
sessments, assessments for paving side- 
walks, etc. It tells how and where to make 
complaints on all such matters and gives in 
detail the figures of assessments, tax levys 
and tax collections. 



Consistency and Liquor Traffic. Mr. 

Graham of the Police Commission is dis- 
turbed over the inconsistency of allowing 
certain grocers to sell liquors and refusing 
the privilege to all others. If Mr. Graham 
intends to undertake the job of making our 
liquor legislation consistent, he certainly 
has plenty of work laid out for him. The 
whole business is a matter of compromise 
and "do the best vou can." What right 
have we to say to 200 men: "You may con- 
duct a retail liquor business," and to the 
201st man: "You may not." It seems to 
be the best way — available just now — of 
holding this evil in check, but that is all 
that can be said in its favor. It certainly is 
not consistent. 



Gambling Endorsed by City Council. 

The following members of the present city 
council believe that the practice of shaking 
dice for cigars is a good thing — at least they 
went on record to that effect last Tuesday: 
Blanchard, Clampitt, Lyon. Healy, Yonkin 
and Dromgold. The police commission 
asked council to extend the ordinance pro- 
hibiting dice shaking; to include cigars as 
well as drinks: and explained that it was 
impossible to enforce the existing law when 
so manv cigar stands were run in connec- 
tion with bars, and when gambling- is al- 
lowed at the cigar stands. Mr. Wallace and 
President Pease voted to comply with the 
request of the Police Commission, but the 
councilmen named above voted to the con- 
trary. Nobody expects anything of Clam- 



pitt. Hi- vote and voice are usually in 

of drinking, gambling vice, bad 
eminent, and cheap politics. Fortunately 

the city is about done with him. ) 
and Healy come from sections of the city 
where "everything goes." But Dromgold, 
Blanchard and Yonkin are men who have 
at least rudimentary trace- of conscience in 
these matters, and they come from wards 
where gambling is not regarded with favor. 
They should hear from their constituents 
on this point. 



NATIONAL MUNICIPAL LEAGUE 
NOTES 



One of the most interesting phases of the 
work of the Woman's Municipal League is 
that which deals with the boys of the public 
schools as factors in civic improvement. 
This work is done through the Waring Ju- 
venile Citizens' League, of which two posts 
have been established in this city. 

Juvenile leagues were formed by Colonel 
Waring when he was commissioner of 
street cleaning, hut after his death, interest 
in the organizations lapsed. Miss Marion 
Peters and other members of the Riverside 
branch of the Woman's Municipal League 
revived the juvenile leagues two years ago, 
and in honor of Colonel Waring - the new as- 
sociations were named. 

Each post consists of as many boys of 
the neighborhood as can be interested, who 
report cases of omission or neglect as they 
see them in the municipal administration — 
such as unclean streets, blocked fire escapes, 
filthy lots or bad pavements. These reports 
are sent to the proper authorities, and us- 
ually correction is made. Posts are formed 
and members obtained by addresses in the 
public schools. Dues are five cents a month, 
a necessarily low amount because most of 
the boys of the juvenile leagues are poor. 

Speaking of the work of .the Waring Ju- 
venile Citizens' League, Miss Peters said: 

"Our method of organizing was simple 
enough and no doubt would be feasible else- 
where. We went to the public schools and 
there appealed to the children by telling 
them what we planned to do. It is a ne- 
cessary feature to provide some form of 
recreation or fun for them. We have found 
the gymnasium to be a most effective me- 
dium. 

"Organization of the juvenile league is 
similar to that of the Woman's Municipal 
League, only upon a smaller scale, as the 
boys take up the work in their own neighbor- 
hood. Violations of ordinances are report- 
ed by the boys to their director, and, after 
a verification of these reports, they are com- 
municated to the municipal department 
concerned with the particular complaint. 

"Although our work thus^far has been 
confined to the boys, we are anxious to take 
up similar work among the girls. Certain 
features of civic improvement work would 
be even more effective among girls." 



S. LIPPMAN 

Formerly with. Marshall Field 
Co. of Chicago 

First Class Ladies' Tailor 
and Habit Maker 

Also Three-Piece Suits and Shirt 

Waists. Prices Moderate Work 

and Fit Guaranteed 

624 South Broadway Saite 301 

Over Painless Parker's 




Be Your Own Landlord 

For Detail* Sec 

BRAINERD 

Houses, garages, schools, churches, hos- 
pitals, bunkhouses, structures of every 
size, airtight and durable, built for most 
reasonable figures. 

Call and Inspect Moilrh. Phone or write for Eilimalet 

H. J. BRAINERD, 507 Chamber of Commerce 

Home Phone A4740 



West... 
fcjjv Brothers 

* Men's Tailors 

"Clothes Builders for 
Men Who Care 

Desitcnm of exclusive styles 
Ladies* Garments, Rid- 
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A Trial Order is Con- 
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Suite 101-2 Henne Bldg. 





1*2 W. Third St. 
Los Angelts, Cat. 



"Honesty is Power" 

Lack of business 
honesty is business 
suicide. Our desire 
is a reputation for 
reliability and fair- 
ness. 

See our diamonds, 
gold jewelry, watch- 
es, clocks, silver- 
ware, cut glass. 

BRICUtN AND PEDERSON 

Manufacturing Jewelers 

507 Eouth Spring St. Los Angeles 




1 


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Herbold & Lindsey 

Enterprise Trunk Factory 
F 3399 654 S. Spring St.' 




I 


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PhoneHomeF1796 MainSlSO 



Hair Co. 



H airdressing 

Sriompooing 
Manicuring 
Hair Goods 



743 S. Broadway, Los Angeles, Cal 



HIGH CLASS INVESTMENT 



MINES So FARISH 

REAL ESTATE AGENTS 

315 S.Hill Street 



Removed to 353 S. Hill Street 

RESIDENT AND BUSINESS PROPERTIES 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Are Public 



Schools 

Margaret 



Charitable Institutions? 

C. Graham 



13 

It may be salutary for those of 
us who are wont to boast of the 
superiority of our public school sys- 
tem to receive a shock now and then 
"lest we forget." But even the most 
pessimistic among us must have been 
stunned by the blow administered to 
our vanity in this respect by the re- 
cent action of the School Board of 
a city of such claims to enlighten- 
ment as Pasadena, in dropping from 
its list of teachers six women whose 
only offense was matrimony, retain- 
ing three whose husbands "were not 
physically able to support them." 

Just why the profession of teach- 
ing should be singled out for these 
insults is difficult to decide. None 
of us in selecting a lawyer, a doctor, 
or even a ministei, insist that he 
shall be as near the want mark as 
possible. Indeed, we are rather in- 
clined to think that we are profes- 
sionally better served by those who 
are not over-concerned with their 
personal cares, and to seek the ser- 
vice of the prosperous in preference 
to those who are financially 
harassed: 

But it seems, in Pasadena at least, 
that the moment a teacher is sus- 
pected of following her profession 
from love of it, from genuine inter- 
est in and preference for it — indeed 
for any reason hut the direct ne- 
cessity — she is immediately to be 
discharged and some applicant sub- 
stituted "who needs the money". 

Naturally the more needy the more 
eligible. The more destitute the 
more desirable. 

Some of us — fatuous persons — 
have hitherto cherished the belief 
that 'boards of education were ex- 
pected to look after the interests of 
children and see that the best possi- 
ble instructors are provided for them, 
and not to pry into the domestic 
status of families. But it would 
seem, in some cases at least, that 
they are not to pass upon the ac- 
quirements and ability of teachers, 
but upon the physical condition and 
financial standing of men! 

In other words the woman who 
once brought testimonials as to her 
success and enthusiasm in her work, 
must now bring a sworn statement 
that her husband is "not physically 
able to support her." Just why a 
woman whose -mind is divided by 
anxiety concerning an invalid hus- 
band should be considered a -better 
teacher than one whose husband is 
in good health, is another of the 
many questions which we are unable 
to answer. 

We know nothing whatever of the 
personnel of the teachers in ques- 
tion. Those discharged may have 
been inefficient and those retained of 
the highest efficiency. But if this 
is true, why not put the discharge 
and the retention upon the proper 
ground instead of subjecting the 
profession to this indignity? 

We want the best among teachers, 



G 

not the most needy. Why cut our- 
selves off from the services of any- 
one who may prove superior, as we 
do by such childish regulations? 

Logically this matter has no end. 
Not husbands alone, but brothers and 
fathers must be subjected to this in- 
vestigation, lest some woman teach- 
er be employed whose men-folk are 
"able to support her." The school 
board must become a commercial 
agency having to do with financial 
standing rather than educational mat- 
ters, and our school system become 
entirely' eleemosynary. 

When shall we have done with 
such puerility! Is it not time that 
the honorable calling of the teacher 
be treated with becoming respect, 
and those who follow it estimated 
upon their merits, as are those of 
other professions? 

Complaint has been made that men 
are unwilling to enter the profession. 
Men as a rule are not accustomed to 
charity and are disposed to resent 
it, and it is not likely that they will 
show great eagerness to enter a call- 
ing which thus publicly places itself 
upon the charity list. 

Every blow at the dignity of the 
teacher lowers the standard of edu- 
cation, and every arbitrary regulation 
based upon external causes is such- a 
blow. 

School boards are not dispensing 
alms, and teachers are not objects 
of public charity. They are men and 
women whose devotion to a • high 
purpose, requiring especial qualifica- 
tions and preparation, entitles them 
to honorable treatment,- even- though 
married. 

Good teachers are not easily found, 
and any restrictions save those that 
are moral and professional should 
not be placed upon their employ- 
ment; the time spent by school 
boards in examining into the domes- 
tic and financial condition of appli- 
cants might be better employed in 
considering the really important mat- 
ters of fitness and preparation too 
often neglected. 

Intelligent women no longer desire 
to live in idleness and it is no dis- 
grace for a woman to prefer teach- 
ing to housekeeping. It is merely a 
question for her and her husband to 
decide, and one with which the pub- 
lic has no concern. 

We all know women of the high- 
est character, whose loss to the cause 
of education would have been se- 
verely felt, who have reared credit- 
able families and helped to maintain 
happy homes by teaching. Many 
who have profited by their in- 
struction, or been associated with 
them and gained inspiration and help 
from their devotion, have reason to 
be grateful that no narrow-minded 
school board robbed us of their ser- 
vices. 

Let us hope that Pasadena may 
soon remove this blot from her edu- 
cational record. 



Handling The People's Money 



=rf» =$» • r^ 



State Treasurer W. R. Williams 
spoke briefly last Saturday before 
the "City Club on the methods pre- 
scribed by law for handling the funds 
of the State of California. The fol- 
lowing, are the main points of his 
very interesting statement. 
* * * 

Previous to the legislature of 1905 
the laws required that all state money 
should be kept in the vaults of the 
state treasury in currency or gold. 
The legislature of 1905, however, 
passed a law permitting the treas- 
urer to deposit the state funds in 
banks throughout the state. Because 
of some doubt as to the constitution- 
ality of this measure nothing was 
done until 1907, after the people, in 
1906, had voted to amend the state 
constitution to permit of the change 
in handling the state's money, when 
another act was passed to cure the 
defects of the first one. 

On July 9, 1907, the first deposit 
in the banks was made. There is 
now $4,700,000 in 129 banks through- 
out the state, and about one and a 
half million in the treasury vaults. 
This produces an income of $55,000 
to $60,000 — earnings never previously 
made. 

The law still requires the treasurer 
to keep enough money on hand to 
meet current expenses. While the 
present law is an improvement over 
the old one, we are still far behind 
some eastern states in our methods - 
of handling the state .money. We 
are not allowed by law to disburse 
the funds from the banks, but must 
disburse in gold or currency from 
the state treasury. We must actually 
move the money itself to Sacramento, 
and thence to its destination. This 
makes it necessary to bring the 
money in from the banks to the 
treasury at Sacramento, and this 
cost is expensive. 

Furthermore this method is very 
inconvenient to the payees. A jus- 
tice of the supreme court, for in- 
stance, must get some one to re- 
ceipt for his warrant at Sacramento, 
and transmit the money to him — a 
very clumsy procedure. 

The present law gives the state 
treasurer too much power. After de- 
positing the money in the banks 
there is nothing but his own whim 
to prevent him from calling it in 
from' any or all the banks, should he 
choose, and this would have a de- 
moralizing effect on business if he 
chose to take advantage of his power. 
Tt is -unwise to allow the Treasurer 
to have $4,700,000 to call in at any 
moment. 

For instance, there were $3,000,000 
on deposit when the flurry came on 
in 1907. The Treasurer decided not 
to call it in, because it would be too 
disastrous to the state. But under 
the law I might — on any whim — have 
done just that. 

We should give the state treasurer 
the power to pay deposits by checks, 



and we should also accept checks in 
payment of taxes. In the east, the 
receipt and disbursement of all 
moneys is through the banks. It is 
handled just as it would be by any 
private person. The State Treasurer 
is not permitted to keep money more 
than three days before depositing it. 

The Treasurer, Governor and 
Comptroller of this State are all in 
favor of change to a businesslike 
method. Bills have been prepared to 
that end and presented, but were not 
passed — I don't know why. 

At any rate it is a very serious 
mistake to handle money as we do. 
To take so much money out of cir- 
culation is, in itself, very trying to 
the business of the State. There are > 
always from one to two millions in 
reserve in the State Treasury — not 
earning a cent of interest. Besides 
that, there are very heavy express 
charges for moving State moneys to 
and from Sacramento. The charges 
for moving the funds of a single one 
of our State institutions, for in- 
stance, was $1100. 

We could have a much more fav- 
orable market for our bonds if the 
requirement were not made of de- 
livering the gold in Sacramento. 

A business basis for public moneys 
— that is what we seriously need. 



The City Beautiful 



They builded a city, a model one, 
And the builder said, when his work 

was done — 
"Behold a city wherein shall dwell 
A happy people to rule it well." 
Then he went his way with light- 
some heart, 
For well he had played the builders' 
art. 

The years rolled by e'er he came 

again, 
But ah, what a change met his vision, 

then. 
Sin held ward at the city's gate 
And its people were torn with lust 

and hate; 
For corruption ruled, with debauched 

train, 
Where he had planned that right 
• should reign. 

Then he, in his anger, destroyed it 
all — 

Street and gate and palace hall — 

For he said, "It is not within walls 
of stone 

That the city beautiful finds its own; 

But its strength and beauty ne'er de- 
parts 

When honor and truth rule its peo- 
ple's hearts." 

R. S. S. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



ej» 



THE PEOPLE'S LOBBY 



ts£ 



•he meeting of the I 
turday there were two valuable 
State Treasurer 
Williams t"ld how the State'- money 
died, and a report of his speech 
will be found elsewhere in this 
The following nre extracts from the 
slier speaker. Senator 
udillo of Riverside and 
the thirty-ninth district. Hi* subject 
"The People's Lobby." 
• * * * • 

What is the necessity for a I 
icramento? A lobby cannot be 
defended on general principles — no 
lobby whatever. This is a represen- 
tative form of government we have. 
and our legislators are presumed to 
represent their constituents and know 
their needs and wishes. Surely, then. 
the legislator should be trusted to 
act as such representative. If lie 
is not trusted. Or if he doesn't so 
act, our remedy is pointed out in the 
basic law of the land — our remedy is 
the ballot. If the people would real- 
ly use the ballot (incidentally a 
few blackmailers in the newspaper 
business) there would be no need for 
such a thing as a lobby. The sort 
of support every legislator ought to 
have, would then be behind him at 
home in his district. That is the only 
sort of lobby which ought to be 
necessary, — an active, wide-awake 
constituency in every district. But 
unfortunately, another kind is, as yet, 
very needful. 

It has been the fashion for the last 
ten .years to denounce legislatures 
and legislators. But there have been 
many good men at Sacramento, and 
it is hard to see why they should be 
condemned with the bad men, in an 
all-embracing denunciation. The 
man who really knows always dis- 
criminates, and the members of a 
people's lobby investigating on the 
spot, know, and they discriminate. 
And that is where the virtue of the 
people's lobby comes in. 

The people's lobby is an uncom- 
putcd star in the political heavens. 
It is a sort of intruder, and no won- 
der it was so considered and opposed 
by the lobbies of special interests. 
Now, since it is here. I think it will 
be conceded by any fair minded per- 
son that the people have as much 
right to be 'represented at Sjacra- 
mento, or have a lobby there, as the 
Royal Arch, the gamblers, the medi- 
cal associations, dental associations 
or woman suffragists. 

But it takes the legislator a little 
time to learn how to discriminate 
among lobbies. His first meeting 
with a typical one is a disillusion- 
ment. It seems every man who 
voted for or helped to elect him 
imagines that the legislator is there 
for the sole purpose of representing 
that man individually. That rare 

speeiment the "newspaper boss." the 
"interests" and all the rest — each 
with its ax to grind — make every ef- 
fort to have the legislator turn the 



grind-tone. On the other hand, his 

ttuency at large expects him to 

"do things." They demand action, 

they expect him to "make good," to 

accomplish something. If he fails, 

ridiculed and scorned. If he 

things" he is immediately put 

down in the machine class. 

If the legislator "lines up" he is 
criticized, and it he does not he i; 
defeated. Xo wonder that he i- dis- 
illusioned. 

Now, I believe that the majority 
who go to Sacramento arc honest 
in intent. But it is a condition which 
confronts them — not a theory. Re- 
move the condition and the evil will 
disappear; and I think the legislators 
would most of them welcome that 
change. 

And there has been a change, al- 
ready. The days of Colonel Mazuma 
and Mine. Murray, the days of poker 
games and so forth, are going or 
gone. But notwithstanding all this 
increased respectability, you will find 
— lobbies. 

What makes them formidable? I 
will tell you. The spirit of the lobby 
is the lobbyist. At Sacramento he 
does not stand alone: he has the "in- 
terests" behind him, and it is this 
that makes him and his lobby for- 
midable. 

There is the liquor lobby for in- 
stance — strong, powerful; receiving a 
cordial treatment which the .anti-sa- 
loon element was not fortunate 
enough to get. It was a common 
sight to see the representatives of 
the Royal Arch and their attorneys 
on the floor of the legislature, while 
a respectable gentleman, a preacher, 
unfortunate enough to represent the 
other side, had to take the balcony, 
and was obliged to hear himself char- 
acterized as a lean and hungry Pro- 
hibitionist and professional agitator. 
It seems that some legisaltors re- 
sented the presence of the reverend 
gentleman, who represented people 
who thought they ought to have the 
right to exercise local option. 

Again, the racetrack gamblers had 
a lobby. You all know about that 
— it was a powerful and shrewd lobby 
with plenty of money. It was openly 
stated that large sums of money 
were offered for votes. It was an 
open secret that at one time they 
only lacked two votes to win, yet 
when the votes were counted they 
only had seven. Now, what was the 
reason? Later on I think I shall 
demonstrate why this lobby was near 
its desired end, yet failed. 

And finally, it was said that there 
was another lobby; that gum-shoe 
cominittees were evrywhere; that 
they were Heney's men; that they 
belonged to Hunsaker and Lissner. 
But I had rather take the word of 
the gentleman who was in charge of 
that lobby; and I am going to ex 
plain the mystery by reading to you 
from a copy of the Pacific Outlook 
for May 8, 1909: 



ntrary to the popular belief, 
'< lobby was not a one-man in- 
stitution. Realizing that much of its 
work to be effective must be done 
d one man a- its 
executive head at Sacramento. Bui 
much of the real work was done by 
men employed about the capitol in 
various ways. Some of these men 
were there as accredited represents 
i of well known newspapers; 

some clerks of committees — some 
were engaged in confidential capaci- 
ties as attaches on one house or the 
other. All were faithful to the trust 
imposed in them. So far as can be 
learned, not one 'leaked.' Some of 
these attaches of the pcop/e's lobby 
(all but three of whom served the 
cause without hope of pecuniary re- 
ward) knew nobody else connected 
with the novel institution excepting 
its recognized head and the office 
employes. The organization was far 
from perfect, but its limited equip- 
ments contained no faulty material. 
The structure held firm to the last." 
No doubt that is correct. It was 
this espionage deterred the other lob- 
bies from carrying things with a high 
hand. It was this close watch frus- 
trated the plans of the race track 
gamblers. The sleuths of the people 
were out, and attempts to use money ' 
would have been found out. 

The charges of unfairness brought 
against the gentleman who had 
charge of the lobby were caused by 
irresponsible and blackmailing news- 
paper men with an ax to grind, who 
wanted to get even with some rep- 
resentative or other. The people's 
lobby gave the facts, which the black- 
mailers twisted and distorted to suit 
their purpose. 

Members generally want to do 
right, whatever that portion of the 
public which is educated by a spite- 
ful press may think. And so it was 
. with the misrepresentations of the 
people's lobby. It would not be in 
accord with human experience if 
such an institution did not meet with 
some opposition. 

The investigation — what became of 
that? Well, the investigation was 
never investigated. • The apparent 
cause of the whole rumpus was a 
letter, in words to this effect: 

"Hon. , Member of the 

Assembly. Dear Sir: The Commit- 
tee notes that you were absent dur- 
ing the roll-call on the Walter-Otis 
racetrack bill. Will you kindly let 
us know the reason for your absence, 
so that we can enter it on our per- 
manent record. Yours very truly, G. 
B. Anderson." 

This was the ground for much 
wrath that was made to look right- 
eous, on the part of certain mem- 
bers. But at any rate the people's 
lobby got out of the hubbub a wide 
publicity which it could not other- 
wise have secured. 

There may be some who believe 
the people's lobby and the Direct 



1 the 
same. This is an error. They were 
not the same, I believe this im] 
-ion -pread abroad from the fact that 
the people's lobl d for tin' 

measure known 

tional amendment Xo. 6, providing 
for the initiative. 

The work of the people's lobby 
was twofold. 

First, to make public through the 
I ress of the country and civic or- 
ganizations all over the state the in- 
dividual records of the members of 
the legislature. 

Second, the gathering into perma- 
nent shape and form the records of 
the members of the legislature for 
future use. 

The most powerful weapon of the 
lobby was publicity. One hundred 
and fifty-nine newspapers throughout 
the state received and published its 
letters sent out from Sacramento. 
Fifty-one out of this number were 
daily newspapers,' the rest were week- 
lies and semi-weeklies. The informa- 
tion contained in these letters was 
sent without adding coloring matter 
or "doping" in any particular. 

I am not a prophet nor the son 
of a prophet, but I venture to say 
that the people's lobby has come to 
stay. The history compiled during 
the last session may retire to the rear 
several legislators who believed 
themselves to be the whole legisla- 
ture of California. 

In the hands of the right men, 
properly handled, the people's lobby 
will retire to private life all lobbies 
whose work is against the interest of 
the people. It will keep the people 
in touch with their representatives, 
and tell what they are doing; also 
pick out the bugs in the bills and 
point out the way to exterminate 
them. 

I do not know who they are, but 
I wish the gentlemen behind the peo- 
ple's lobby would look into the 
method of presenting bills, resolu- 
tions, etc. At the last session there 
were presented 1351 Senate bills, and 
1451 Assembly bills— nearly 3000 bills 
and resolutions in both houses. It is 
beyond the power of a Daniel Web- 
ster or a Julius Caesar to examine 
each of such a multitude of bills and 
vote right on each. 

The suggested Committee on Bills 
— a committee to "lick into shape" 
and properly present all proposed 
legislation — is well worth working 
out. 

A bifurcated session has also been 
suggested: a portion of the session 
to be devoted exclusively to the in- 
troduction of bills, and the remain- 
der to their consideration, rejection 
or passage. This is an excellent 
idea. 

Something in the spirit of these 
two propositions is imperatively 
needed. Meantime I often wonder 
that we have as good legislation as 
we really have. The bills are made 

(Continued on Page IS) 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



What Shall We Do With Our Streets? 

An Important Statement by Inspector of Public WorKs, 
AV. M. Humphreys 



The following letter officially con- 
veys to the Board of Public Works 
and tu the Council, the matured opin- 
ion of the Inspector of Public Works, 
Mr. W. M. Humphreys, on the 
worthlessness of oiled streets in such 
a city as Los Angeles. It should be 
of interest to everybody, at least to 
everyone who owns a lot in a resi- 
dence district, since Mr. Humphreys 
makes it clear how much more ex- 
pensive such streets are than is gen- 
erally supposed. We reproduce his 
letter in full, and commend it to the 
careful attention of the public. 
* * * # * 

Honorable Board of Public Works, 

City of Los Angeles. 
Gentlemen: — 

I desire to present for your con- 
sideration the matter of initial street 
improvement with the hope that the 
Board of Public Works and the Hon- 
orable City Council may arrive at 
some definite fixed policy looking to 
better streets than now prevail. 

Of the 514 miles of streets now be- 
ing maintained by the city 280 miles 
are graveled, and 169.5 are for the 
most part natural soil oiled streets. 
Of the 280 miles of graveled streets 
many of them, with a reasonable 
amount of care, will be in service for 
years to come, but one by one they 
are going out of commission and be- 
coming aa excessive burden to the 
city and will remain so until rebuilt. 
Had we a record of the cost of 
maintenance of every street, which 
we are now prepared to keep, we 
would find that some streets are re- 
quiring a greater amount of repajrs 
than should be equitably allowed to 
the same, and this information would 
furnish some evidence as a cause for 
the reconstruction of such streets. 

The question is, under what specifi- 
cations shall these streets be recon- 
structed? 

Of the 169.5 miles of natural soil 
oiled streets I wish particularly to 
speak. At the time this class of con- 
struction was inaugurated it was 
unanimously believed by all familiar 
with the subject that the. ideal mater- 
ial for resident road construction had 
been found. It has taken only a few 
years to prove the fallacy of this as- 
sumption. Excepting the real estate 
promoters and the oiled road con- 
tractor it now has no place in our 
favor. 

Consider specification No. 60 under 
which this work was permittedi It 
requires three applications of 70% 
asphalt oil; each application one gal- 
lon, to the square yard; the first two 
applications cultivated into the soil 
four inches deep, the last six inches; 
then tamped with a roller • tamper. 
Now three gallons, to the square yard- 
with oil at $1.10 per barrel means, on 
a forty foot roadway^ that the owner 
of every 50 foot lot has incorporated 
$8.35 worth of assumed road mater- 
ial into his street. Results: If three 
gallons to the square yard happens 



to be just the right amount for this 
particular * soil (and tnere is a con- 
siderable difference in the amount of 
oil required by one kind of soil as 
compared to another) then we will 
get a road which if not used will 
stand beautifully for several years. 

Ample time is thus afforded our 
hustling real estate subdividers to 
unload before destruction takes place, 
but the purchaser who believes he 
has acquired a piece of property the 
streets to which are to be perpetually 
maintained by the city, has a sub- 
sequent awakening. 

There are a few locations where 
it would seem that specification No. 
60 might be justifiable, but in 95% 
of the cases, 60 is inadequate for a 
fair amount of traffic, and does not 
give a reasonable return on the in- 
vestment, not to mention the matter 
of maintenance. Such roads are not 
only subject to, but are easily sus- 
ceptible to every ailment known to 
bad roads," they are nothing more 
than good strong bluffs. 

This matter has become .quite 
acute at this time for the following 
reasons: On the outer limits of our 
city, in every direction, particularly 
to the south, there are miles of this 
class of construction, now in various 
stages of decay. A few of them have 
to be sprinkled, many have received 
the annual spring clean-up; but as 
to maintenance or repairs, nothing- 
has been done except on a few of 
the most important streets. The peo- 
ple are clamoring for relief; they 
claim' the work has been done under 
specifications adopted by the city; 
and that, as owners of property and 
taxpayers, they are not receiving the 
fair proportion of maintenance due 
them. If it is the desire of the Hon- 
orable City Council to maintain these 
streets, the Street Department of 
course stands ready to undertake the 
work; but it means an enormous ad- 
ditional burden not heretofore con- 
templated or provided for. 

The other side of this question is 
presented by the real estate subdivid- 
er. At this time sve have several 
applicants before us asking permis- 
sion to do work under 60 or 61. 61 
requires an addition of 2 inches of 
gravel to specification 60. These 
people are strong and influential, they 
present their case in the most plausi- 
ble manner. 

Permit me to quote the language 
of a representative of one company 
which has just finished floating a 
very successful subdivision, and now 
desires to make an addition to the 
same. His claim is that they have 
purchased a large tract of agricultural 
land paying as high as $3400.00 an 
acre for part of it; that they have 
started several houses on this tract; 
that the work which they will do will 
open up this farm country, increas- 
ing the assessable value of. property, 
and provide homes for people who 
could not stand the burden of high 



grade street improvements; that 
specification 60 or 61 is ample for the 
location, as testified by streets of the 
same construction in the same loca- 
tion, now in good repair after nearly 
three 'years service; and that they 
are doing business on such a close 
margin that a higher grade of im- 
provements would compel them to 
abandon the enterprise. 

Our Engineer, Mr. Hamlin, has 
prepared an estimate of the cost of 
various classes of construction ap- 
plied to the former subdivision of 
the aforesaid company and also to 
their proposed extension. I enclose 
the same herewith. It is highly in- 
structive, covering the cost of curbs, 
gutters, crosswalks, sidewalks, grad- 
ing, etc. From it, we figure that their 
proposed extension of 32,005.6 front 
feet would cost $86.00 for every 50 
lot under specification 60, and $103.00 
per 50 foot lot under specification 79, 
the difference in the cost being in 
roadway improvement. 

Specification 79 requires an addi- 
tion of 3 inches of broken stone, 
rolled, to specification 60, and is in- 
finitely better than 60. From this re- 
quirement of 79 we should increase 
the amount of broken stone, accord- 
ing to the importance of the location, 
up to a point where the cost too 
nearly approaches the cost of an as- 
phalt surface, which would probably 
be 6 to 8 inches. 

Within the past few years I have 
visited many of- our largest -eastern 
cities, studying park and boulevard 
systems. I do not recall a single in- 
stance where I found such poor 
streets in the resident districts as 
now exist in our city. I confess I 
swell with pride when showing my 
friends our recently constructed as- 
phalt streets, but otherwise I have 
little else than apologies to offer. 

I believe I can say that the aver- 
age condition of the resident streets 
of Pasadena are better than we have 
here at home. I am informed by 
Mr. Hamlin that 8 inch macadam 
streets are quite general through the 
residence districts of Sacramento, and 
that there are 200 miles of macadam 
streets in Oakland. 

The cheapest specification which 
we believe should be allowed is 81, 
this requires \ l / 2 gallons of oil to 
the yard and 6 inches of gravel, 
rolled. 

We are no longer a prehistoric 
relic, but a progressive modern city, 
and the boldness with which we are 
striking out in some directions only 
emphasizes the lethargy displayed in 
this, one of the most important of 
civic matters. 

We are shouting our attractions 
from the -mountain tops, and yet we 
are ashamed when the tourist travels 
many of our resident streets. 

The matter is in our hands to do, 
and by doing well we can only hope 
to receive the commendation of those 



we serve. I desire to call your at- 
tention to the enclosed most excel- 
lent report of our City Engineer, on 
this subject. 

In conclusion I respectfully recom- 
mend that the suggestion of the City 
Engineer be adopted, to-wit: That 
oiled macadam be specified (Specifi- 
cations No. 63) for all important resi- 
dence streets, and either the petro 
lithic process with three inches of 
broken rock added on the surface 
(Specifications No. 79) or gravel sur- 
faced oiled (Specifications No. 81) 
for less important residence streets 
within all that portion of the city ly- 
ing north of the line of Manchester 
avenue. 

Respectfully submitted. 
(Signed) W. M. HUMPHREYS, 
Inspector of Public Works. 
* * * * . * 

The communication on the same 
subject from the City Engineer re- 
views the history of road making in 
Los Angeles, but is too long for in- 
sertion in this issue. It agrees exact- 
ly in its conclusions and recommen- 
dations with that of Mr. Humphreys. 
From it we extract the following 
paragraph: 

"The claim is being made by real 
estate promoters and some property 
owners that these new specifications 
(79 and 81) add so much to the cost 
of work that street improvement is 
practically prohibited. In order to 
prove or disprove this assertion a 
large tract, in which there are some 
3y 2 miles of streets to be improved, 
was taken as a concrete example and 
the costs worked out for the various 
specifications used for street road- 
ways from .56. to 81 (except 63, oiled 
macadam). In every case the esti- 
mate includes curbs, sidewalks, gut- 
ters, cross-walks at. alleys, etc., as 
now required on all new streets. The 
unit prices, used were based on the 
results of many bids received" for 
work. From, this estimate it is seen 
that streets will probably cost about 
the same, whether improved under 
Specifications 79 or 81; that under 79, 
they will probably cost about 25% 
more than under 60, about 16% more 
than under 56, and about 12% more 
than under 61. This increase is not 
prohibitive when it is known that un- 
der 56, 60 and 61 improvements have 
proved unsatisfactory, and that for 
this difference a satisfactory roadway 
can be secured for streets remote 
from the business district," 



CITY CLUB SPEAKER TODAY 

iCaleb S. Denny, former Mayor of 
Indianapolis, second mayor under the 
Fed.eral System of Government, will 
address the City Club on "The Fed- 
eral System of Municipal Govern- 
ment." Mr. Denny will also discuss 
"The State Laws of Indiana in rela- 
tion to Municipal Government" at the 
regular weekly luncheon, today, at 
Hotel Westminster. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

Ao indexed review ol all action by Council. Board of Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general interest. Record closes Wednesday night. 



Public Worh by Streets 

Second from Concord 33 
crlv; final ord 
ment. 

Seventh St. at east side of the 
- and E. Co. on 
in street light. 

Eleventh and other streets, final 
ord. | improvement. 

Twelfth St. from Main to Figueroa 
Improvement Assess't Dist.; 

lower ct al. against inclu- 
sion in the district, denied. 

36th Place from Vermont to Nor- 
mandie; ord. of int. passed to im- 
prove, under bond act. Difference of 
in estimate on school frontage 
ref. to City Atly.. as to whether 
School Dept. or City shall pay. 

40th Place, corner Moneta; light 
ordered placed. 

47th, corner Moneta; light ordered 
placed. 

57th St.; this name is given by 
Council to the street embracing lots 
B, C, D and H of the Burck-Gwynn 
Normandie Ave. Tract. 

58th Street; this name is given by 
Council to the street embracing lots 
G and K of the Burck-Gwynn Co.'s 
Normandie Avenue tract. 

First alley south of 2d from Fre- 
mont to Beaudry; final ord. passed 
estab. grade. 

Allessandro from Reservoir to 80 
ft. northerly; curb lines estab., pro- 
viding two 15-ft. roadways with split 
grade. 



Alvarado from Reservoir to (den- 
dale; final ord. passed for improve-, 
ment. 

Amador from Bouetl to ^ uba; final 
ord. passed to estab. grade. 

Blanchard from Fresno 111 ft. 
westerly; ord. of int. to change and 
grade, pass 

Buena Vista from Temple to Fort 
Moore, and other streets; protest of 
Mrs. M. F. Baker against proposed 
sewer, sustained, proceedings aban- 
doned, and a new ord. of int. 
ited. 

Court from Lake Shore to East 
Edge ware; final ord. passed chang- 
ing and estab. grade. 

Casanova from Bouett to Yuba; 
final ord. passed estab. grade. 

Childs from Effie to Lucile; final 
ord. establishing grade, passed. 

Clara, corner of Macy; ord. passed 
vacating and abandoning northeast- 
erly corner. 

Dalton; that portion shown on map 
of Western Avenue Park (Bk 11, p. 
72 of Maps); name changed to Den- 
ker Avenue. 

Daly from Pasadena to Downey; 
final ord. passed to estab. grade. 

Denker; see Dalton. 

Douglas from Colton to 50 ft. 
north of Court; final ord. passed 
changing and estab. grade. 

Figueroa in front of Woman's 
Club House; light ordered placed. 

Fresno from Venice to Hollen- 
beck: ord. of int. to change and es- 
tab. grade, passed. 

Garnet from Dacotah to Ezra: ord. 



of int. to change and estab. 

Gramercy from Pico to Kith; curb 
lines estab., at 15 ft. from ; i opi i tj 
line, thereby legalizing existing im- 
provements in their present location. 

Gless St. See Pecan St. 

Hill, corner Santa Barbara; light 
ordered placi d 

Hoover, west side from 25th to 
Adams; ord. of int. to change and 
estab. grade, passed. 

John, corner of St. Clair; motion 
for street light ref. to Electrieion. 

Macy, corner of Clara; ord. passed 
vacating and abandoning the north- 
easterly corner. 

Manzanita from Belvedere to 
Hoover; final ord. passed estab. 
grade. 

Merrick from Stephenson to 4th; 
assess't dist. maps adopted. 

Miles from South Park to McKin- 
ley; ord. of int. passed for widening. 

Moneta, cor. 47th; light ordered 
placed. Also one at corner 40th 
Place. 

Morton from Echo Park Ave. to 
Park Drive; curb lines estab., with 
36 foot driveway to first angle west 
of Park Drive, and from there to 
Park Drive a split grade with two 
17-foot roadways and one 40-ft. 

Park Terrace from Sunset Blvd. to 
Elysian; final ord. passed for . im- 
provement. 

Parmer from Scott to Morton; 
curb lines estab., IS ft. from property 
line. 

Patton, west side, from Court 212 



ft. northerly; final ord 
ing and estab. gr ide. 

Pecan or Gless Street, 
from Kearney to First; name 
changed to Gless Street throughout 
its whole length. 

Rockwood from Belmont to Un- 
ion; ord. to change and estab. s 
passed. 

Santa Barbara, corner Hill; light 

ot di i ed placed. Us te in center 

of block between Main and Moneta 
Savannah St. Sewer Dist. Right 
of way deed from Marie Zaiser, cov- 
ering part of Lot 6 Dacotah Tract, 
accepted and $50 ordered paid there- 
for from Gen. Exp. Fund. 

St. Andrews from Pico to 16th; 
curb lines estab., 15 ft. from prop- 
erty line, legalizing existing improve- 
ments. 

St. Clair, corner John; motion for 
street light ref. to City Electrician. 
Stephenson from Alameda to 3rd; 
final ord. passed estab. grade. 

Sunset Park; petition of O. E. Far- 
ish for extension of boundaries, and 
district to pay the costs, said dist. 
running from Corondelet on the east 
to First on north. Ninth on south 
and city boundary on west — received. 
Vermont from Washington to Wil- 
shire; petition of E. G. Lambert et 
al for widening ref. to City En- 
gineer. 

Wall from 4th to 7th; final ord. 
estab. grade, passed. 

Yuba from Amador to Casanova: 
final ord. passed estab. grade. 
Tract No. 401; map re-adopted. 



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ZZ3,SZ,T,58Z..T.TL 


'03 


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r^ 


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f f <7.f J3,03<? • 1-+- 


•05 


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i 


54- <7 , 6 h-9, 17.3.1 1 


'06 




1 - 


i 


G Z. 3 , I7 0,q l 1. 2Z 


•07 


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i 


H- 8 / ,&S I , 111 ■ SO 


'08 


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fucvU<iAs> =4<+b l +,0 <o 1 , 1 7 b-fh 


.'09 


(Jo Junt-30) 


Compiled by H. P. 


Earle. Figures furnished by Mr. John D. Gamble of 


Los Angeles Clearing House. 



10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Buena Vista bridge bids; opened 
and ref. to Engineer. The low bids 
are below the city's estimate. 

Ninth from Union to Park View; 
bids opened and ref. to Engineer; 
Fairchild, Gilmore, Wilton Co.'s bid, 
15c per sq. ft., is the lowest figure 
yet made to the city for asphalting. 

Wright street; request of C. T. 
Sholz for oiling of street, ref. to In- 
spector. • 

Buena Vista from Fort Moore lo 
Temple; sewer recom. by Bd. Pub. 
Wks. and ref. to Engineer for ordi- 
nance. 

Western from Slauson to 54th; 
sewer construction ref. to City Engi- 
neer for ordinance. 

General Legislation 

Aqueduct employes' board; hearing 
set for next Tues. at 2 o'clock. 

Automobile; contract made with 
Schwaebe-Atkinson Co. for Premier 
Roadster for $2750. 

Automobiles, see Speed Ordinance. 

Blacksmith Shops, see Residence 
District. 

Blue Printing; bids rec'd and ref. 
to Engineer. 

Chicken districts; ordinance pro- 
hibiting chickens and other fowls in 
certain districts, ref. to Legislation 
Committee. 

J. F. Connell matter to came up 
next Tues. at 2:30. 

Crude oil, see Factories. 

Dice Gambling; the recommenda- 
.tiori of the Police Commission that 
the ordinance permitting games of 
dice for merchandise at cigar stands, 
should be repealed, and the practice 
prohibited, because it is impossible 
to prevent gambling for other things 
than tobacco — filed. 

Drinking Troughs. Upon repre- 
sentation of Dr. Morrison, Vet. Sur- 
geon, and Dr. Keane, State Veterin- 
ary, Council instructed City Atty. to 
prepare ordinance abolishing the use 
of watering troughs, etc., in city 
limits. 

Electric Motors. See Residence 
District. 

Factories. The use of crude oil in 
factories in the residence district, 
permitted by ordinance amending 
Section 2 of old ord. 

Fireworks; ordinance passed pro- 
hibiting discharge of fireworks in the 
city. 

Free Labor Bureau; abolished. 

Hay; bids to be re-advertised for, 
to be opened Aug. 3, 11 a. m. 

Humane Animal League; post- • 
poned pending court proceedings; 
see also Humane Commission. 

Humane Comission; ord. passed 
creating a Humane Commission of 3 
members, to be appointed by Coun- 
cil and Mayor. 

License Collection; the Mayor's 
message taken up, witnesses exam- 
ined (H. L. Varey, Ed McAullife, 
Chief TJishman) and the matter de- 
ferred to next Monday at 9 o'clock. 

Lime; bid opened and ref. -to sup- 
ply committee. 

Oil and petroleum; Bd. Pub. Wks. 
authorized to advertise for bids. 

Police and streets during Elk 
Week; Inspector of Public Works 



Humphreys and Chief of Police 
Dishman and their men, thanked for 
services. 

Printing street notices; contract or- 
dered prepared with Franklin Print- 
ing Co. 

Public Speaking; ordinance passed 
including within restricted district 
Grand Ave. from 6th to 8th and Sev- 
enth from Olive to Hope. 

"Reserve Fund" created. 

Residence District. Resolution 

adopted by Council requesting City 
Attorney to draw ordinance making 
, the entire city a residence district, 
except that portion excepted by ordi- 
nance; prohibiting blacksmith shops 
in such district, except those already 
existing; permitting installation of 
electric motors of not more than 2 
h. p. in such district. 

Rose Oil and Chem. Co., see Fac- 
tories. 

San Pedro Saloons; ord. passed 
which will permit existing saloons 
after consolidation. 

Speed Ordinance Amendments; 
ordinance passed prohibiting use of 
motor vehicles without mufflers, and 
prohibiting ejection of exhaust to- 
ward surface of street or ground. 

Spur tract on Santa Monica Ave.; 
postponed to next Tues. at 2:30. 

Street Improvement Methods. The 
report of the Inspector of Public 
Works and that of the Engineer, on 
methods of street improvement, 
adopted, and the suggestions therein 
contained declared to be the policy 
of the city in the future. (The above 
mentioned report of the Inspector 
appears elsewhere in this issue.) 

Street railway along Seventh and 
other streets; time extended three 
months, for completion, as per peti- 
tion of L. A. Ry. Co. 

Utilities Commission; action on the 
motion of Mr. Wallace and petition 
of Municipal League relative to crea- 
tion of a Utilities Commission, post- 
poned to Aug. 3, 2 p. m. 

Water Commissioner M. A. Sher- 
man; the Mayor's message, notify- 
ing Council of Gen. Sherman'es re- 
moval and appointment of Major H. 
T. Lee, postponed to next week. 

Wilmington Saloons; ord. adopted 
which will permit existing saloons 
after consolidation. 

Fire engine house; lot 46 Euclid 
tract; matter ref. to City Atty for 
contract with R. B. Young. 

Tool handles; contract for aqueduct 
awarded Pac. Hdw. & Steel Co. 
Building Permits 

From July 1 to July 16 the Chief 
Inspector of Building's issued 310 per- 
mits, amounting tn $510,842, classed 
'as follows: Class A, reinforced con- 
crete— 1— $15,000; Class C, brick— 9— 
$75,025; Class D, frame— 176— $366,- 
766; sheds— 28— $2495; foundations— 2 
— $SOO0; brick alterations— 14— $16,- 
275; frame alterations— 80— $27,281. 
The total for the same period of last 
year was $423,780, showing a gain for 
1909 of 20%. In the next issue will 
be published a chart showing the vol- 
ume of building for the last twenty- 
one years, similar to the bank-clear- 
ance diagram in this issue. 



A Step Toward "The City Beautiful" 



A work of far-reaching importance 
and which indicates a high public 
spirit is the proposal to improve and 
beautify the bed of the Los Angeles 
River. The Federated Improvement 
Association realizing the benefits 
which would result from the consum- 
mation of such a project, has appoint- 
ed a special committee to deal with 
the matter,, and the movement has 
taken concrete form. The committee 
consists of the following: Chairman, 
J. M. Flowers, president Missouri 
Land Co.; secretary, Garner Curran, 
publisher; Horace Carr, Los Angeles 
Examiner; Joseph Mesmer, manufac- 
turer; A. A. Bayley, attorney-at-law; 
W. H. McGill, clerk Board of Health; 
Geo. Reinchields, grading contractor 
and Fred Johnson, postoffice depart- 
ment. 

Mr. W. O. Secor, civil engineer and 
graduate of Cornell University, who 
was for 23 years with the Santa Fe 
Railway in their bridge construction 
department, and who is now in charge 
of one of the field forces on the Los 
Angeles Highway Commission, will 
assist the Association in an advisory 
capacity. 

Briefly the plan is this: To take the 
river bed from Buena Vista street to 
Ninth street bridge, a distance of a 
little over three miles, line the bed 
with concrete 100 feet wide, put in a 
dam every 3,000 feet and a concrete 
dam at the head to force all under- 
ground waters into the bed and to 
protect the cribs; this would give 
about six lakes or ponds 3,000 feet 
long and 100 feet wide with a depth 
of 15 feet at the lower end and 2 feet 
at the upper, to be used for boating, 
and one or two for public bathing; 
100 feet will be laid out on either side 
for walks, drives, and parks, making 
a beautiful stretch of river, which is 
now an eyesore to the citizens, and 
gives to the traveller arriving in our 
city a very poor first impression. 

Such a scheme would enhance the 
value of property in that part and 
mean the building up of a very de- 
sirable residence section. 

Preliminary plans and estimates 
have been prepared by Mr. Secor, and 



CIVIC LEAGUE A TRAINING 
SCHOOL 
St. Louis Finds That Good Govern- 
ment Workers Make Efficient 
Public Officers. 

Referring to the progress that is 
making in St. Louis, Mayo Fesler, 
secretary of the Civic League, which 
is one of the active and influential 
affiliated organizations of the National 
Municipal League, made this report: 

"It was a sweeping Republican vic- 
tory in the recent election, due to the 
perfect organization of the Republi 1 
can party and the excellent ticket 
which it had in the field. There were 
two or three weak places but upon 
the whole, the ticket was unusually 
strong. 



it is the intention of the committee to 
get the support ■oi the Chamber of 
Commerce, and go before the City 
Council to ask for an appropriation 
in the next budget of $50,000 with 
which to commence the work. 

It is proposed to improve a section 
of 3,000 feet first, and as the work 
progresses additional appropriations 
will be asked for. The sand and 
gravel taken from the river bed if 
sold at a nominal price per load could 
help the work financially in no small 
degree; 2,000 loads per day it is 
roughly estimated could be drawn 
away and at 10c a load this would 
give, after inspection costs, more than 
$150 per day clear. 

In the estimates prepared by Mr. 
Secor an expenditure of aboue $91,- 

000 will be necessary in each 3,000 
foot section, divided as follows: 
Concrete lining $71,500 

1 gate weir 15,000 

36,00 sq. ft. of walk 3,600 

12 o.rnamental lamps 900 

The grading or park work will, it is 
estimated, cost about $24,000 per sec- 
tion. 

The committee aims to arouse pub- 
lic sentiment to the necessity of the 
project, and then turn the disposing 
of the funds over to a Civic Park 
Commission. The Federation Com- 
mittee would act in an advisory capa- 
city until the work is completed. 

Some of the Councilmen who have 
been approached have signified their 
williness to support the request for 
an appropriation, and it is expected 
that if the Chamber of Commerce will 
lend its aid, there will be no difficulty 
in getting funds to start the work. 

Mr. Owens, the Examiner artist, is 
preparing a number of drawings, 
showing the proposed improvements, 
and these, which will be published in 
the city papers, will give some idea of 
how the work will look when com- 
pleted. . 

Meetings of the committee are held 
every Tuesday night in the Chamber 
of Commerce Building and at this 
week's meeting Dr. W. A. Lamb was 
present as a representative of the 
Playground Commission. 

"Three members of the executive 
board and three members of import- 
ant^committees of the Civic League 
were among the officers elected. 
Some of our friends regard the Civic 
League as a training school for muni- 
cipal officers. After each election we 
have to reconstruct the executive 
board or some of the committees. We 
have no objection to this, as you 
readily understand. 

"The outlook for the next four 
years is very hopeful. The State 
Legislature recently passed the outer 
parks bill, which will make possible 
the organization of a park district 
similar to the one in Boston. 

"Work will begin at once by the 
thirteen freeholders elected, in draft- 
ing a new charter. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



11 



Kipling's ILatest. 



From time to lime Rudyard Kip 
ling, i I from. A 

pic of weeks ago the Morning 

luced a political lec- 
ture by him in a form thai can be 
readily mistaken For verse. Like all 
of his later work, it is obscure in 
construction and argument; but its 
intended application i- plain enough. 
Mis mediaeval Tory soul is roused 
in fierce ire by the Parliamentary 
ng wedge of land taxation — the 
attempt to take a little of the burden 
from the poor and place it on the 
rich. 

Kipling lias n deep contempt for 
popular government and the judg- 
ment of the people. He begins this 
treatise with a sneer at those who: 
"Ascribe all dominion to man. in 

his factions conferring, 
And have given to numbers the 

name of Wisdom unerring." 
He has told us often before how 
much he hates Democracy and all 
that is of it; but this time he quite 
outdoes himself. One begins to sus- 
pect that he has an eye on the poet- 
laureateship, and is getting in train- 
ing for the time when the present 
nonentity shall pass away. 

When these crazy common people 
whose impertinence in trying to ad- 
minister their own affairs has so ex- 
cited the scion of an ancient family 
of village schoolmasters and plow- 
men — when they try to make laws, 
this is the principle that rules — ac- 
cording to Rudyard: 
"They said: 'Who has hate in his 
soul? Who has envied his neigh- 
bor? 
Let him arise and control both that 

man and his labor.' 
They said: 'Who is eaten iby sloth? 
Whose unthrift has destroyed 
him? 
He shall levy a tribute from all be- 
cause none have employed him.' 
They said: 'Who has toiled! Who 
hath striven and gathered posses- 
sion? 
Let him be spoiled. He hath given 
full proof of transgression.' 
****** 

"They ran panting in haste to lay. 

waste and embitter for ever 
The wellsprings of Wisdom and 

Strength which are Faith and 

Endeavor. 
They nosed out and digged up and 

dragged forth and exposed to de- 
rision 
All doctrines of purpose and worth 

and restraint and prevision; 
And it ceased, and God granted them 

all things for which they had 

striven, 
And the heart of a beast in the place 

of a man's heart was given . . " 

All of which sounds so much like 

an editorial in the Los Angeles 

Morning Reactionary that it makes 

us feel at home in London. 

And of course those miserable 
wretches, the common people, get 
the worst of it in the long run. They 



always do when tin 
the story. The supply of SOUp and 
blankets which the aristocracj 
been doling out ceased, some of our 

leading families had to go to work, 
no doubt, and instead of a grand 
nobility taxing the people into 
iry. here were a lot of middle- 
duffers watching their children 
playing on the grass in the parks, 
and deluding themselves into the be- 
lief that they were just as happy 
without a lot of new Dreadnaughts. 
Only this is the way our blue-blooded 
poet puts it: 
There was no need of a steed nor 

a lance to pursue them; 
It was decreed their own deed, and 

not chance, should undo them, 
The tares they had laughingly sown 

were ripe to the reaping. 
The trust they had leagued to dis- 
own was removed from their 
keeping. 
The eaters of other men's bread, the 

exempted from hardship, 
The excusers of impotence fled, ab- 
dicating their wardship. 
For the hate they had taught through 
the State brought the State no 
defender. 
And it passed from the roll of the 
nations in headlong surrender. 

***** 
"Eaters of other men's bread." 

Well, what do you think of that? 



I'd Like to Go 

"It seems to me I'd like to go 
Where bells don't ring, nor whistles 

blow, 
Nor clQcks don't strike, nor gongs 

don't sound 
And I'd have stillness all around — 

"Not real stillness, but just the trees' 
Low whispering, or the hum of bees. 
Or brooks' faint babbling over stones 
In strangely, softly tangled tones. 

"Or maybe the cricket or katydid, 
Or the songs of birds in the hedges 

hid, 
Or just some such sweet sounds as 

these 
To fill a tired heart with ease. 

"If 'tweren't for sight and sound and 

smell 
I'd like the city pretty well; 
But when it comes to getting rest, 
I like the country lots the best. 

"Sometimes it seems to me I must 
Just quit the city's din and dust 
And get out where the sky is blue — 
And, say, now, how does it seem to 



you?" 



■ — Eugene Field. 



Miss Effie N. Chambers is the head 
of the girls' high school at Kassab, 
Turkey, which is said to have been 
destroyed by Moslems. According to 
Miss Chamber's last report the school- 
year ended in 1907 was remarkably 
successful. 




tfilT OR_]V\lSS 




The former residents of Iowa and 
their friends will hold the 
summer outing at Long Beach, Sat- 
urday. July 31. All [pwans are urged 
■ i daj off and meet the old 
friends and neighbors at the seaside. 
Long Beach will supply coffee free to 
all who buy the official badge and 
special rates will be given to all 
amusements and at the bath house to 
wearers of the badge. For 10 cents 
one secures badge, cup and spoon. 
Headquarters will he arranged for 
each of the 99 counties. The audi- 
torium will be open all day. Music 
by the band and a program at 2 
o'clock with addresses by prominent 
Iowans. Bring generous lunches and 
see that everyone is supplied. Come 
and have a jolly time, such as only 
the Iowans of Southern California do 
have. No matter where you live you 
are invited if you are from the old 
Hawkeye state. For any information 
address, secretary, C. H. Parsons, 
Artesia, Cal. 



The Canadian Club will hold its an- 
nual picnic Aug. 14 at Long Beach. 



Governor Folk's recent lecture tour 
carried him 25,000 miles and is said 
to have earned him $20,000. 



B. W. Dodge & Company announce 
for early fall publication a new book, 
"Mr. Jackson," by Helen Green, au- 
thor of "The Maison de Shine" and 
"At the Actors' Boarding House" 
Mr. Jackson himself is a "Raffles" of 
confidence men, polished, resourceful 
daring. In the recital of his 1 varied 
adventures Helen Green shows that 
her "under world" delineation is as 
strong as ever. 



Harrison Grey Fiske has obtained 
the dramatic rights of W. J. Locke's 
novel "Septimus," which is to be 
dramatized by Philip Littell and pro- 
duced early next season, with George 
Arliss in the title role. The actor has 
been resting in England since the 
close of his tour in "The Devil." Mr. 
Fiske announces that he also has ob- 
tained for Mr. Arliss a new play by 
Ramsay Morris, in which the star will 
have dual characters to impersonate. 



Heartsease 

By Emery Pottle 
When summer afternoon and twilight 

meet, 
The old, dear house is silent, cool, and 

sweet. 
The open windows breathe the golden 

air, 
Honeyed with August odors fine and 

fair; 
By the shrill joy of some home-turn- 
ing bird 



The calm content of day is gently 

stiri 
\ -i'ii ;e oi ble >sedn< ol heart's full 

ease, 
Falls on thi d field and good 

green In 

The shadows in the low, bel ived 

'room 
Gather ami grow in slow, familiar 

gloom. 
How strangely pale the sculptured 

Dante dreams 
High on his shelf! How mellow are 

the gleams 
Of faithful books — What a mysterious 

grace 
Lingers about th» shabby, time-worn 

place. 
The world is far away. — Here with 

my friends — 
Old memories, old shadows — so it 

ends. 

The grave, green stillness closer folds 

the land; 
The room is huge with dusk. Now, 

pipe in hand, 
I take the perfect hour. 

Hush, the soft croon 
Of music — O my heart, that old 

Scotch tune 
She played the night we met! — She's 

calling there 
For me to come — I wonder if she'll 

wear 
The pink rose gown I so loved then? 

— to come 
And in the tender darkness talk of 

home. 
— Everybody's Magazine (July). 



THE PROGRESSIVE LIFE LEC- 
TURES are stirring the people. Don't 
miss them. They are free. Sunday, 
8 p. m. in Grant Hall, 720 South 
Grand. 




Electric . Lines 
The Shortest and Quickest Line Between 

Los Angeles and the Ocean 
See Venice, Santa Monica, Ocean Park, 
National Soldiers' Home, Playa Del Rey. 
Redondo. 

Fish at LONG WHARF 

Port Los Angeles 

Take the 

Balloon Route Excursion 

One Whole Day for $.1.00 

70 Miles of California's Finest 

Scenery. 28 Miles Right Along 

the Ocean. An Experienced 

Guide With Each Car. 

Cars Leave Hill Street Station 

9:40 a. m. Daily 

Passenger Station 
Hill Street Between Fourth and Fifth 



12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




THE AUTOMOBILE NO LONG- 
ER A LUXURY 



By Volney S. Beardsley 

American people are the most pro- 
gressive of all nations, adopting every 
new method of facilitating labor, yet 
when any new inventions are first 
placed on the market, we have a ten- 
dency to discourage them until all 
experimental stages have passed. 
The writer calls to memory, only 
about 20 years ago when the electric 
street railway cars supplanted the 
horses, of how the best business men 
in various locations stood ready to 
condemn the electric car; saying it 
was folly to expect these new cars 
to climb the hills. After the experi- 
ment was made and proved to be a 
success, the "wise heads" backed 
down a step or two and said, "the~se 
electric cars may work in the sum- 
mer time yet they will never work 
during the winter season, when the 
tracks and wires are covered wit/ 
ice." However, they did work and 
have proven one of the greatest in- 
ventions of the twentieth century; we 
can hardly live without them. 

Only about ten years ago when the 
experimental work began with the 
automobile, public sentiment was 
against them, and many lost their 
fortunes in automobile experiment- 
ing; the task of perfecting a practical 
working automobile was hard, but to 
overcome public sentiment was hard- 
er; howevci", it is born in man to 
have a fascination for automobiles; 
every man will remember how in his 
boyhood days he struggled hard to 
rig up sonve small cart, upon which 
he could ride without being "pulled." 
The automobile occupies the same 
place in the mind of man and for this 
almost second nature and enthusiasm 
the success of the automobile is 
largely due. The perfection of the 
pleasure automobile was started first 
and in spite of the early experimental 
work and public sentiment, the pleas- 
ure vehicle "made good" and the de- 
mand has so rapidly increased from 
year to year that all automobile 
manufacturers have been unable to 
increase their output to take care of 
the demand on pleasure cars. Auto- 
mobiling in the early days was con- 
sidered a luxury, due to the fact of 
high first cost, as well as expensive 
upkeep; prices have gradually been 
reduced from year to year, and main- 
tenance cheapened, so that automo- 
biles have proven by the most care- 
ful tests, to be beyond the point of 
a luxury. 

In America, business goes with a 
rush and the business or profession- 
al man who is attempting to do busi- 
ness today without the aid of an au- 
tomobile is up against a hard proposi- 
tion; his competitor with the automo- 
bile is getting the cream of the 



business and he gets what is left. 
If excessive automobile maintenance 
is heard of in the present day, it can 
be traced to three reasons: 

1st — An old model of car, dating 
back to the experimental stage. 

2nd — The man who burdens his 
car with every extra equipment that 
is placed on the market; hires a high- 
priced chauffeur, and spends money 
luxuriously in the upkeep of his car. 

3rd — The man who is not mechan- 
ical; never makes an adjustment on 
his car and the only thing he will 
do, is to abuse it. 

Examine the expense account of 
any late type car in the hands of a 
careful driver, and the monthly ex- 
pense will show that it is- not a lux- 
ury; possibly higher than the upkeep 
of a horse and buggy, yet consider- 
ing that an up-to-date car will do 
the work of three horse outfits, with 
by far less expense to maintain than 
that many horse outfits, the business 
man can easily figure that the auto- 
mobile has . become a necessity in- 
stead of a luxury. A few compari- 
sons will help establish this fact. 

Not long ago, it was considered a 
luxury to own and maintain a horse 
and buggy; when bicycles were first 
placed on the market, selling from 
$125.00 to $150.00, they were consid- 
ered a luxury, and were used only by 
the better class of people as a thing 
of pleasure. Today, it is a rare oc- 
currence to see eith.er the horse or 
the bicycle used for pleasure, but 
when seen on the streets, are used 
almost exclusively for necessity in 
conducting business. The commer- 
cial branch of the automobile busi- 
ness is only in its infancy; as that 
part grows, which is bound to grow 
rapidly, it will help establish the fact 
that automobiles are a necessity. 

Twenty years ago we laughed at 
the thought of electric street cars — 
they proved a success and are a ne- 
cessity; ten years ago, we laughed at 
the thought of automobiles — they 
proved a success and are a necessi- 
ty; today we are laughing at the 
thought of the airship— ten years 
hence, when we are riding around in 
our perfected airships, looking down 
on the streets and see that the horse 
and bicycle are almost extinct; that 



the automobiles and motorcycles are 
being used largely for commercial 
work, w,e will probably still be laugh- 
ing at the thought of the next pro- 
pelled vehicle that will be used ten 
years from that date. From past ex- 
perience, the advance element in the 
mode of transportation has been 
marvelous; impossibilities have been 
made possible; all new inventions in 
the first stages are a luxury, but as 
they become perfected, they prove to 
be a necessity. In my opinion the 
automobile has reached the stage of 
perfection that it should no longer 
be considered a luxury. 



WANTS AUTOMOBILES 



Mr. Fleming Asks for Machines for 
the Elections 



The Campaign Committee of the 
Los Angeles Consolidation Commit- 
tee, is in urgent need of automobiles 
for use on election days — August 4th 
and August 12th — when the voters of 
this city, Wilmington and San Pedro, 
will cast their ballots on the consoli- 
dation measure. 

Fully 200 automobiles are needed 
for the purpose of getting out the 
vote in Los Angeles. And in San 
Pedro and Wilmington, machines are 
especially needed late in the after- 
noon when workingmen are return- 
ing to their homes from the day's 
work. Chairman A. P. Fleming of 
the campaign committee who has 
handled the work so admirably up to 
the present time, has issued an ap- 
peal to the people of this city who 
are earnestly interested in the merger 
movement, in which he points out 
the fact that funds for the campaign 
are limited, and he appeals to the 
patriotism of the owners of automo- 
biles to donate the use of machines 
for the two days. Mr. Fleming's ap-' 
peal follows: 

"Upon the decision of the people as 
expressed at the polls Wednesday, 
August 4th, and Thursday, August 
12th next, will rest the fate of the 
measure providing for the consolida- 
tion of Los Angeles with Wilmington 
and San Pedro, the expenditure of 
$10,000,000 on improvements to the 
harbor and the making of Greater 
Los Angeles with one of the finest 
harbors in the World. The question 
is one that interests everyone in 
Southern California. For years the 
fight against corporate influences, and 
for a free harbor in Southern Cali- 
fornia has been carried on, until the 
time is near when the voters will de- 
cide the issue. 

"In order to successfully complete 
the campaign and achieve the results 
so earnestly desired, the assistance of 
all supporters of the measure is soli- 
cited. IT IS OF THE UTMOST 



IMPORTANCE TO GET OUT THE 
FULLEST VOTE POSSIBLE IN 
ALL THREE OF THE CITIES. In 

order to do this, fully 250 automobiles 
are needed for the two election days, 
and the committee finds itself depend- 
etn upon the generosity of owners of 
machines and friends of the cause in 
this city to supply these necessary 
adjuncts. Therefore I earnestly re- 
quest that all owners of automobiles, 
who are willing to donate the use of 
their machines for either one or both 
days of election, Aug. 4 and Aug. V2, 
to communicate with the campaign 
committee, Chamber of Commerce 
building, at their earliest conveni- 
ence." 

(Signed) A. P. FLEMING, 
Chairman, Campaign Committee. 



At a meeting of the Automobile 
Dealers' Association last Monday 
night it was decided to make the 
Los Angeles-Phoenix race an open 
event, thus allowing any car to en- 
ter. This action was taken prin- 
cipally on the protests of Colonel 
Fenner, the winner of last year's race, 
vvho'is not a member of the dealers' 
association, who if the race had been 
sanctioned by that body, would be 
ineligible to compete. Leon T. 
Shettler resigned as vice-president 
and Earl Anthony was elected in his 
place. 



The new 1910 Reo models have ar- 
rived in a new type, a four-cylinder, 
thirty-horse power car which seats 
five passengers. The price of the 
Reo thirty is $1400 f. o. b. Los An- 
geles, and three hundred cars is Mr. 
Shettler's 1910 allotment. 



Eastern Motor Car Company, Ste- 
vens-Duryea agents, expect to occupy 
their new home at 821 South Olive 
street, about Sept. 1. 



The Baldy race this year will be 
held on September the 19th, and the 
Phoenix race on November the 1st. 



That the Good Roads movement is 
attracting attention all over the coun- 
try is evidenced by the press com- 
ments which appear from time to 
time. Here are a few: 

Baltimore News: — "It is probable, 
of course, that the automobilst would 



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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 



object le being singled out for a spc- 

ment for good roads, but 

if he fell in with any 

demand that was made on 

him in return for the damage done the 



rfMHtt ,-c^.vtj, 



inn^ton Herald: — "The 
movement seems to be getting 
all tangled up in some parts of the 
country. Numerous .Mali. una farm- 
want good roads in their 
neighborhood because they find that 
good roads encourage automobiling.' 



Baltimore American: — "It might be 
in the course of casual con- 
ion that good roads are more to 
Iked upon than talked about." 



Fort Worth Star: — "Speedways pro- 
the interplay of commerce, keep 
the buyer's check book busy and ring 
the bell in the merchants cash 
tcr." 

Philadelphia Press: — "Three hun- 
dred thousand people in Virginia, ac- 
cording to a newspaper of that State, 
are deprived of the benefits of tree 
rural delivery because the roads are 
bad. These and other things which 
bad roads cost make them tar more 
expensive to the people than good 
roads." 



Atlanta Constitution : — "Practically 
all South Georgia is in full sympathy 
with the good roads movement, and 
the people are insisting that the Coun- 
ty Commissioners of the various coun- 
ties shall be liberal in making appro- 
priations for the improvement of 
roads." 



A big meet will be held at the In- 
dianapolis Motor Speedway on Aug- 
ust 19th, 20th, and 21st. The races 
will be under the sanction of the 
American Automobile Association, 
and as they will be over what is con- 
sidered one of the fastest tracks in 
the world, splendid contests are as- 
sured. 

On the first day there will be 
events for big cars at short distances. 
These will consist of the preliminary 
heats between the racers Altered in 
the great free for all events. 

There will be from a mile to ten 
miles in record trials and competi- 
tion. These events will be followed 
by a long distance race of 250 miles. 

The second day will be run the 
semi-final heats of the free for all 
events, with additional record trials, 
all of which will be valuable trophies, 
these events to be followed by a race 
of 300 miles for the Prest-O-Lite 
trophy. 

The final day, Saturday, August 21, 
there will be held the finals for the 
free-for all racing cars, and a free-for- 
all handicap. This is to be followed 
by the Wheeler and Schebler trophy. 
This race will be 350 miles. 



In order to demonstrate that it is 
not men alone who can compete cred- 
itably in automobile contests three 
young women of Oklahoma, traveling 
three different roads and driving tour- 
ing cars of identical make and model, 
recently made a 103-mile run from 
Oklahoma City to El Reno. The 
winner of the competition was Miss 
Marguerite Coloord, and her rivals 
were Miss Gertrude Ryan and Miss 
Mary Harrell. Their cars were twen- 
ty-eight horse power Franklins of 
1909 design. 




Cll 




By LETA HOR.LOCHER 
Los Angeles' business streets never 

put on a gayer or more festive ap- 
Ce than they have lor this past 

demonstration of welcome to the 
and their friends. The elec- 
trical display in the decorations far 

exceeded anything of the kind ever 

used in l.os Angeles, and the great 

possibilities of the decorative use of 

electrical color effects in the decora- 
tions and illuminations is but in 

its infancy. The great throngs of 

people who came out on the streets 

in the evening walking slowly up 

and down to view and enjoy the dec- 
orations which were placed in the 

streets and on the buildings showed 

their 'appreciation and intense enjoy- 
ment of the display. The officials 

and visiting Elks continually offered 

praise and admiration for the elab- 
orate manner with which everyone 

had joined in making the decorations 

so festive. 

A great deal of time and thought 

was given by several of the business 

houses who spared no expense in 

making their decorations as complete 

and beautiful as possible. There were 

prizes offered by the Elks for the 

best decorated buildings. This of 

course stimulated and encouraged 

the individual exhibitors to vie with 

one another and aim to excell. The 

awarding of the prizes was a great 

disappointment to the general public. 

The prizes were intended to be for 
the "best • decorated buildings" and 
to have the first awarded to a Mis- 
sion entrance was a great disappoint- 
ment to the decorators who had ex- 
pected that building and not street 
decorations were to be judged. It 
partook of no decorative qualities 
whatever, and in no way related to 
the building, only a novelty as an en- 
trance. Why should people go Mis- 
sion mad and think, "Oh that is a 
Mission effect — typically Califor- 
nian?" If it has decorative qualities 
in its structure all well and good, but 
that was not what was called for. It 
was a Decorated Building, and in 
what way did this partake of a dec- 
orative quality? It belonged to an- 
other class. There was little or no 
display of lights or flag decorations 
to illuminate or decorate the streets. 
What could have been the motive for 
awarding this the first prize? There 
were numerous buildings that had 
successful individual decorative ef- 
ects, that had merit and deserved 
praise, and the decorations were well 
related to the buildings and spaces 
decorated. Bullock's was dignified 
and restrained, the decoration in- 
cluding tin- two sides of the building 
as a whole — giving a largeness and 
broad effect suited to its environ- 
ment. Jacoby's and the Bro.i 
went in for bold, broad and big ef- 
fects which carried well, and held 
their places. Hamburger's, taking 



Far tin- mosl 
COStly and architecturally considered 
w - Hi, best — and while it was strict- 

.i building d ation, il pi i 

tained t". and partook of, the build- 
ing - in-;, giving a gorgeous 
illumination which would be con- 
sidi id a decorative effect, and added 
greatly t" the climax of the entire 
decorations; the columns were well 
constructed and appropriately orna- 
mented with the large vases or urns 
in gold holding the purple and while 
feathery effects with the festoons of 
purple and white lights 'connecting 
the columns. 

J. W. Robinson's store might truly 
be considered as having conformed 
to the real emotional decorative 
qualities, for in every way were the 
spaces considered and color rela- 
tions harmonized to make the most 
of each; the electrical fountain near 
the top was the special feature, the 
movement of colored light held one's 
individual attention in admiration 
and praise; this decoration was not 
only fascinating at night but was 
equally beautiful in the day time. 
The various colors of flags and other 
decorative effects were 'uniquely held 
in harmony by nature's own har- 
monizing color green, using the as- 
paragus fern to wrap about the long 
strings of hanging lights in the col- 
ored lanterns, and bordering all of 
the show windows, introducing into 
this greenery the little purple and 
white centuris, which were renewed 
every morning. The flags were all 
held in place by ribbons of the same 
color scheme. The home club num- 
ber, 99, B. P. O. E„ on the purple 
and white flags, gave the touch of 
local interest. 

The special feature of the Exam- 
iner's front was the draped national 
flags, set solid in electric lights. The 
novelty of the sky-rocket shooting 
dp at regular intervals from the side 
of the building and dropping into the 
Roman candles which .ended in the 
letters B. P. O. E., attracted the at- 
tention. It was the only pyrotechnic 
effect used on the street. 

The City Hall was also one of the 
special street decorations, and no 
time or pains were spared to give this 
prominence. 

There were many other unique 
and good decorations not as elab- 
orate. Some of the windows were 
well considered and especial atten- 
tion was directed to the beautiful 
hanging of the fresh new large flags 
gracefully draped in the windows of 
the Security Savings Bank, and the 
novelty of the deer in the snow 
storm in Lyon & McKinney's win- 
dow. 

While the decorations have given 
pleasure and pleased the people and 
been specially attractive for this par- 
ticular occasion would it not be pos- 



sible in se- 

nility 
and continuity to thl as a 

have uniformity and are broad and 

could nut the whole g i ct be 

brought into a broad schi 

i mi and with far less expi II 
. displays. When the 
first freshness of color was gone 
there would be merit and character 
Kit in the scheme of 'decoration 
With the coming visit of the Presi- 
dent hi tin' I nit'ed Slates in the 
early fall — an event of national im- 
port — would it not be a wise plan 
for Los Angeles to consider such an 
idea for its decorating, considering 
each street as a whole to be decor- 
ated, which would be at once im- 
pressive and dignified and becoming 
to the occasion. 



Henrich, the artist wdio has just 
returned from exhibiting in New 
York, is showing portraits at his 
residence, 758 West Adams street. 
The work is in black and colored 
crayon similar to that of Paul Helleu 
and Otto Schneider. Portraits are 
shown of Rev. Robert J. Burdette, 
Mrs. Josephine Frances Holmes, and 
Mrs. Baker nee Leitner, and 
the artist has several commissions 
from well known Los Angeles 
women. 

Mr. Henrieli shows two excellent 
sketches of Mrs. Patrick Campbell, 
and a portrait of W. J. Bryan from 
life. The artist has done portraits 
for Mrs. Potter-Palmer, Mrs. Mar- 
shall Field, Mrs. Porter-Fraker, and 
Mrs. Franklin McVeigh, all of Chi- 
cago, and the wife of the Secretary 
of the Treasury has strongly urged 
Mr. Henrich to take up his residence 
there. Of that, however, he is unde- 
cided, several fine offers by papers 
here and in San Francisco being re- 
sponsible for this indecision. Mr. 
Henrich drew the poster for the 
Seattle Exposition, a copy of which 
he shows, and a local paper has been 
anxious to get fifty heads of women 
(Continued on Page 14) 



Phone Main 298 

Hill Street Floral Co. 

S. SHIMA, Prop. 

Cut Flowers, Plants and Seta's. 

Floral Designs a Specially 

6SS S. HILL ST., near 7lh St. LOS ANGELEs 



Special Exhibition 

Pictures from the following collections 

Royal Scotch Academy 
Royal Academy 

and the 

World's Fair 



KANST GALLERY 

642 SOUTH SPRING STREET 
Open Sunday: 3 until 6 p. m, 



EDITH 


A. 


ABELS 




CHINA 


DECORATOR 




Instruction 


Firing 


404 


BLANCHARD BU1LDINU 



14 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




svsii 



By MAY RAMSEY THORN 




A recent addition to the musical 
life of Los Angeles is Monsieur J. W. 
Olivier, who though a native of 
France, has received his musical 
training in this country. He is the 
possessor of a magnificent baritone 
voice, and has had as teachers Pro- 
fessor Von Hufflen, formerly of Paris, 
who has a conservatory in New York; 
Professor 'Corteci, the Italian teacher, 
late of Milan, now of Boston, and 
Professor Lombardi, basso of the 
Milano Grand Opera Co. Mons. 
Olivier's work has largely been on the 
concert platform, and he should have 
no difficulty in establishing himself 
in the front rank of soloists in this 
city. 



•»- time. Tone artists, while still making 
all their desired 'effects' in apparent 
freedom of style and delivery, never- 
theless do not ever lose sight of the 
time. Those who do are usually apt 
to be amateurs, and are not to be 
imitated." 



"The Creation" was given by the 
choir of the First Methodist Epis- 
copal church last Sunday evening un- 
der the direction of Dr. Eugene E. 
Davis. Mr. Ray Hastings presided 
at the organ. 



Caruso has contributed a series of 
articles on singing to the English 
paper "The Gentlewoman." 

One of his most valuable injunc- 
tions recently was on the subject of 
observing the time. "Too many 
singers unfortunately labor under the 
impression that the less regard they 
pay to the time, the greater is the re- 
sultant expressiveness. Such persons, 
it need scarcely be said, are neither 
artists nor musicians. The power of 
music lies not so much in its notes 
as in its rhythm: and if this be dis- 
torted, no amount of so-called ex- 
pression will ever make up for it. 
People who deliberately sing out of 
time invariably find at last that they 
are unable to sing in time. 

"There are many singers who can- 
not or will not count the time proper- 
ly. There are those who sing with- 
out method, who do not fit their 
breathing, which is really the regu- 
lator of vocal performance, to the 
right periods and who consequently 
are never in time, They make all 
kinds of rallentandos where they are 
not necessary to gain time to recover 
the breath that they have not taken 
when they should. It is not enough 
to give the notes their full value. The 
rests, above all, should be carefully 
observed in order to have sufficient 
opportunity to get a good breath and 
prepare for the next phrase. It is 
this exactitude that gives certainty to 
one's rendition and authority in sing- 
ing — something many artists do not 
possess. A singer may make all the 
efforts he desires and still keep the 
time — and he must keep it. Those 
who roar most loudly rarely sing in 
time. They give every thought to the 
volume of tone they are producing, 
and do not bother themselves about 
anything else. The right accents in 
music depend very much on the exact 



"In the operas of twenty years 
hence," says Puccini, who has recent- 
ly been interviewed in London, "mel- 
ody will reign supreme, as it has al- 
ways done — and melody is essentially 
Italian. You can almost say that it 
was born in our country. 

"I know and appreciate fully the ef- 
forts of the composers of the so- 
called new school. I am interested in 
Richard Strauss's work, and I admire 
Debussy's 'Pelleas and Melisande' for 
its intense originality; but atmo- 
sphere, weird combinations of sound 
and endless recitatives are not every- 
thing in music. 

"Perhaps many of Wagner's great 
works will cease to please, though I , 
feel that the 'Meistersinger' and 'Par- 
sifal' are gems that are not likely to 
be discarded. At any rate, melody 
will always hold its own. 

"Music must be popular, it must 
appeal to the masses. I will have 
nothing to do with intricate problems 
of musical mathematics, with mixtures 
of noisy and uncanny sounds, which 
by their weird complexity are bound 
to bore the most enduring music 
lover. Music must appeal to the 
heart; move, thrill, elevate it; and it 
must be simple and direct enough in 
its beauty to be understod by all." 



■Kubelik, the violinist, has reap- 
peared in London, playing at Queen's 
Hall on June 12, after a wonderfully- 
successful Russian tour. As usual, 
the "king of violinists" has been 
"coining money" during his lengthy 
absence. The immense sums earned 
by him may be estimated from the 
fact that he has been able to pay 
$900,000 for the purchase of Prince 
Hohenlohe's ancient feudal castle and 
estate in Silesia. His last American 
tour alone realized $250,000, and cov- 
ered an ' itinerary of 25,000 miles. 



Paderewski will be heard in Lon- 
don during the autumn. It is stated 
that the first performance in England 
of his Symphony will be given during 
his visit. 



The Beecham Orchestra has been 
engaged by R. E. Johnston, the New 
York impresario, to tour the United 
States, commencing at New York 
next Easter Monday. 



In his address on Haydn before the 
Incorporated Society of Musicians, of. 
London, Dr. Cummings said that 
some time ago he visited a second- 



hand music-seller's in St. Martin's 
Lane. The proprietor was about to 
send away what he regarded as a sack 
of rubbish, when Dr. Cummings 
picked up a manuscript on the top of 
it. "Half a crown," was the, reply. He 
purchased it, carried it home, and 
found that it was one of Haydn's 
manuscripts. 



ART 
(Continued from Page 13) 
to be used one in each Sunday edi- 
tion for a year. 

It is interesting to note that the 
artist has his fingers insured against 
accident, for $2,000 each, making a 
total insurance of $20,000 for both 
hands. 



Mrs. M. E. Perley will go north 
the 26th of July to, San Francisco 
and later on to Seattle where she 
will teach for a month in the Raisls- 
back Claremon Studio of China Dec- 
orating. Many of her former pupils 
■on the coast are planning to go out 
to the Fair to take advantage of her 
instruction. Mrs. Perley was for- 
merly of San Francisco where she 
had established a keramic studio 
which was well known and sought 
for by the many china painters of the 
West. After losing everything there 
in the great fire she came to Los An- 
geles a year later and opened a 
charming studio in Blanchard Hall, 
and was gladly welcomed by her 
many friends here.- She contem- 
plates opening a new studio on her 
return here in the fall. 



The Steckel Gallery is now open 
to the public with a very pleasing se- 
lection of pictures by some of the 
local artists, not as many have re- 
sponded to the invitation as had 
been invited. Those who have sent 
pictures have chosen very good ones 
and representative of their individual 
style of work. No catalogue has as 
yet been arranged, so one is with- 
out the title of the pictures. 



Christian Science Services 

Fourth Church of Christ, Sci- 
entist — Service at 11 a. m. in 
Symphony Hall, No. 232 South 
Hill St. Sermon from the 
Christian Science Quarterly. 
Subject: 

"TRUTH" 

Children's Sunday School, 
9:30 a. m. 

Wednesday evening meetings 
in Blanchard Hall, No. 233 So. 
Broadway, at 8 o'clock. 

Reading Room, 510 Herman 
W. Hellman Building, Spring 
and Fourth streets. Open daily, 
except Sunday, from 9 a. m. to 
9. p. m. 



Christian Science Services 

Second Church of Christ Sci- 
entist— E'bell Hall, 18th and Fi- 
gueroa streets. 

Third Church of Christ Sci- 
entist — Simpson Auditorium, 734 
S. Hope Street. Services Sun- 
day 11 a. m. and 8 p. m. Ser- 
mon from the Christian Science 
Quarterly. Subject: 

"TRUTH" 

Children's Sunday School 
9:30 a. m. Wednesday evening 
meetings at 8 o'clock. Reading 
Rooms, 510-511 Herman W. 
Hellman Bldg., Spring and 
Fourth streets, open daily, Sun- 
days excepted, from 9 a. m. to 
9 p. m. 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Devoted exclusively to Music, Art, Science 

Studios and Halls for all purposes for rent. Largest 
Studio bnilrling in the West. For terms and all infor- 
mation apply to F. W. BLANCH 4RD, 
233 S Broadway - - 232 S. Hill St. 
Los Angeles, California 



STUDIOS FOR RENT 

Well lighted and quiet studios in 
the GAMUT CLUB Building. Espe- 
cially attractive summer quarters I 
for musicians and artists. For 
terms apply to the Manager, 1044 
South Hope Street. 



H 
A 

R 
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MR. AND MRS. 



Clifford Lott 



recitals 



BARITONE AND PIANIST 

912 WEST 20th STREET 

LOS ANGELES, CAL. 



THE LOS ANGELES 

MUSIC SHOP 

3 15 Blanchard Building 

MAIN 2202 HOME 10082 



m&> 



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IN ALL ITS BRANCHES 



tfte 



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"The Everett's singing or sustaining quaity 
supports the voice beyond any piano I have 
known." — Lillian Nordica. 

Sold only by 



SMITH MUSIC CO. 



406 W. SEVENTH STREET 
LOS ANGELES, CAL. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



15 




eatt?e^ 




"The Servant in the House" 
Simple, yet absorbing, yet abso- 
lutely true, is Charles Rann Kcnne- 

•Irania "The Servant in the 
." at the Mason this week, lis 
iimilarity to any other play 
chief charm. Add to this ori- 
ginality its artistic worth, its sym- 

rt, i;s humor, and the intense 
human feeling that pervades it, and 
one cannot wonder at its universal 
impression. 

In the role of Manson, the butler 
who bears a Christly message, Mr. 
Wilfred Roger delineates might and 
dignity by the most quiet and unas- 
suming methods. His work is repose 
itself, lighted by glints of the humor 
which is among the subtlest things 
of the play. His description of his 
church is inspiringly given, but there 
are moments when, in addressing 
others, he seems a bit too suave. 
Miss Gladys Wynne brings nobility 
to the part of Mary, and combines 
world-old wisdom with childlike sim- 
plicity. Her scenes with Manson are 
alight with trust and understanding. 
Mr. Charles Dalton as the Drain 
Man is one of the delights of the 
play. He lives this unusual charac- 
ter, lives it so vividly that we feel 
alike his heartache for his "little kid" 
and his savage joy of his- "job." Mr. 
George W. Wilson gives a remark- 
able portrayal of the Bishop of Lan- 
cashire — Mammon. Mr. Milton Sills 
has an exacting role in the Vicar — 
one capable of many interpretations. 
His spirit of guilty unrest is well de- 
fined, and his scenes with his wife 
are powerfully done. He seems in- 
capable of handling quieter moments 
as well. Miss Collier, as the Vicar's 
wife, is disappointing. One gathers 
the impression of her mad ambition 
less from her acting than from her 
husband's vituperation. Mr. Ben 
Field, as a page boy, cleverly rounds 
out a capital cast. 



"The Runaway Girl" 

Those who applauded the Morosco 
Musical Comedy Company in the 
lukewarm "Sergeant Kitty" will wax 
voluble over "The Runaway Girl", 
which is, in all respects save the 
choice of musical numbers, a vast im- 
provement over its predecessor. 
Among the treats at the Majestic 
this week are: Henry Stnckbridge, 
who, as Flipper, a jockey, is a veri- 
table scream; Miss Agnes Caine- 
Brown, particularly charming when 
garbed as a schoolboy and warbling 
"The Boy Guessed Right"; Miss May- 
belle Raker, with her wholesome, 
modish personality and pleasing 
voice; Harry Girard, black-browed, 
picturesque, as an Italian minstrel: 
the immaculate Mr. Bronson, who of- 
fers two of the "Girl" snugs in which 
he excels; Miss Marie Nelson, pi- 
quant, though a trifle nervous, as a 
French maid; Fred Huntly and Miss 



Maude Beatty, whose plebeian love- 

making causes many a chuckle, and 

Miss Evelyn Foshia in a Carnival 
Dance which is a thing 01 exqi 
gleaming grace. But nol to be car- 
ried away by blind enthusiasm, why 

docs Mr. Stockbridge speak so fast 
that his best lines are missed, why is 
Mr. Girard permitted to exercise his 
vocal powers in only one number, 
why docs not the chorus feign if they 
cannot feel a keener enjoyment in 
the "Cigarette'' song, and why. are 
not those antique specimens "Sol- 
diers in the Park" and "The Man 
from Cook's" balanced by some pres- 
ent-day ditties — even "Prairie Land" 
again? 

"The Merry Widow" 

The entire city of Los Angeles is 
talking of the coming of that fas- 
cinating creature, "The Merry 
Widow," who will appear at the Ma- 
son Opera House next Monday even- 
ing, July 26, for one week, with 
matinees on Tuesday, Thursday and 
Saturday. 

"The Merry Widow," the wonder- 
ful musical importation from gay 
Vienna has lost not an atom of her 
brilliancy and sparkle by translation 
into the English tongue. 

As is well known, "The Merry 
Widow" is a well devised, consecu- 
tive story in which spoken dialogue 
and music have been employed to 
give brilliant meaning to that story 
in all its varying moods and phases. 
The music is full of vitality and 
above all essentially faithful to the 
text. 

All of this has come to pass by 
the genius of Franz Lehar, the com- 
poser, and Victor Leon and Leo 
Stein, w.ho wrote the book, but as 
far as the interpretation goes the 
American public is much indebted to 
Mr. Henry W. Savage for his superb 
production and most of all for the 
splendid cast which made "The 
Merry Widow" famous in this coun- 
try. Amiong the celebrities to be 
seen here are Miss Frances Cameron; 
Miss Theresa Van Brune; Miss Geor- 
genia Leary; Mr. George Dameral; 
Mr. Oscar Figman; Mr. Thomas 
Leary; Mr. John O'Donnell, and 
many others, the company numbering 
over one hundred. 

The "Madam Butterfly" Grand 
Opera House orchestra, under the 
direction of Mr. John McGhie, also 
the Hungarian orchestra, will be 
features of this engagement, which 
promises to break all records. 



Burbank 

Perhaps the most amusing and 
most successful of all comedies 
dramatized from one of the "Six 
Best Sellers" is "The Man on the 
Box," which will be offered at the 
popular Burbank theatre next week, 
beginning with the usual Sunday per- 



ind includil mati- 

nee \\ The play is founded 

same name, the work of preparing it 
for stage presentation having been 
done Purniss. 

At the Burbank the role of "The 
Man," created in tin I lenry 

E. Dixcy and played here lasl 
son by Max Figman, will be en- 
trusted to William Desmond, while 
Miss Blanche Hall will be se< n a - 
Annesley, the young woman 
for whom "The Man" assumes his 
menial disguise; and Lovell Uice 
Taylor as Nancy Warburton, "The 
Man's" sister and Betty's friend. 
Twice before Miss Taylor has played 
this part in stock, once in Newport 
and later at Toledo, Ohio. 

The comedy is in three acts and 
has a strong melodramatic interest, 
together with a delightful love story. 
Prominent in the cast in addition to 
those already mentioned will be seen 
Harry Mestayer, William Yerancc, 
Louise Royee, Frederick Gilbert, 
Willis Marks, H. S. Durheld and 
Margo Duffet. 



Majestic 

Oliver Morosco has found himself 
compelled to defer the opening of his 
opera season at the Majestic theatre 
until Sunday night, August 1, the 
great popularity of "A Runaway 
Girl" making it necessary to continue 
the run of that comedy for a sec- 
ond week. Mr. Morosco announces 
positively, however, that beginning 
on the date named opera will hold 
the M'ajestic stage, the opening bill, 
as already stated, consisting of "Cav- 
alleria Rusticana" and "The Mikado." 
In the former Agnes Caine-Brown 
and Marie Nelson will alternate in 
the role of Santuttza with Harry 
Girard as Alpho, Roland Paul as 
Turiddu and Maude Beatty and May- 
belle Baker completing the cast. In 
"The Mikado" Henry Stockbridge 
will have the great comedy part of 
Koko r other assignments including 
the appearance of Harry Girard as 
Pooh Bah, Mr. Paul as Nanki Poo, 
Agnes Caine-Brown as Yum Yum, 
Marie Nelson as Pitti Sing, Edith 
Salyer as Peep Bo and Maude Beatty 
as Kattisha, with Fred Huntly in the 
name part. 

The cast for "A Runaway Girl" 
will show some changes, the most 
important being the transferance of 
Harry Girard from the part of Pietro 
Pascara to that of Guy Stanley, for- 
merly played by Percy Bronson who 
has resigned from the company to go 
to San Francisco. 

The usual Wednesday and Satur- 
day matinees will be given. 



In the early eighties, when Eugene 
Field was managing editor of the 
Denver Tribune, newspapers in that 
city were not conducted with metro- 



ladel- 

-ition 
draw- 
te would take out as much as 
and drop a mei 
■ ii as a "tab," for the guidance of 
the bookkeeper. In this manm 

lly contrived to have his salary 
expended ■ 

One day Field was in a hurry, and, 
as usual, in need of cash. Ru 
in the money-drawer he hastily 
co ped "ut coins and bills, tran 
ferred them to his overcoat pi 
and started away. But apparent [j be 
was struck by the thought that this 
would be confusing to the accountant, 
for he returned, and, scribbling a 
"tab," placed it in the raided drawer. 
When Fred Skiff, the business man- 
ager, opened the drawer a little later, 
he found nothing but the slip of pa- 
per, bearing the legend: "Took all 
there was. Gene." 



Keeping the Money in the Family 

There's a cute parent living in the 
neighborhood of the Mall at Chiswick, 
says London Tit-Bits. 

"I hear you're teaching your sons 
to play bridge," said one of his friends 
to him recently. "Do you think that's 
wise?" 

"Certainly. He's bound to learn 
from somebody. If he learns from 
me it keeps the money in the family," 
was the reply — N. Y. Herald. 



"THE PEOPLE'S LOBBY" 
(Continued from Page 7) 
up of words, words and more words. 
To pierce their meaning would .re- 
quire deep penetration. Under such 
conditions a people's lobby can do 
great good. It will be met by diffi- 
culties and beset by dangers, and its 
success will depend entirely on the 
character of the men wdio compose it. 



MARQUIS ELLIS 
VOIGE PLACER 

PURE TONE PRODUCTION 

Leading tenor soloist on the 

Pacific Coast 

Director Ellis Male Quartette 
and instructor of many well- 
known vocalists throughout the 
United States. 

Studio, 604 Majestic Theatre 
Building 



Phones: Home 9232 

Sunset Main 1819 

G. G. JOHNSON 

Investments and Loans 
Insurance 

603 H. W. Hellman Bldg., 

Cor. Fourth and Spring Sts. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 





Face 


and S 


calp Treatments 






HAIR GOODS MANUFACTURED 


Hairdressing, 
Phone F-3592 

Combings Bought. Switches 
45254 So. Broadway, Room 25 


Shampooing, Manicuring. 

M. S. MACDONALD 
, Janes, Puffs, Transformations. 

221 West Fifth 



<S> For Good Service 
<ff§| Use the 

Affi^ "HOME" 


Home Telephone & Telegraph Co. 

716 S. Olive St. Los Angeles, Cal. 




"Greatest Electric Railway Sys- 
tem in the World." 

The Pacific Electric 
Railway 

There is Only One Way 

To Reach the Principal Cities' 
and Towns, Mountains and 
Seashore Resorts of Southern 
California. 

Information and literature re- 
garding the great Mt. Lowe 
trip, Beach Resorts, and other 
points of interest from local 
agents or Passenger Deparl - 
ment, Room 296, Pacific El'.ctric 
Building, Los Angeles, Califor- 



£be Scbool of ©pera 

CARL BRONSON, Di.ector 
204-205-218 Blanchard B'ld'g. 

Phone Home Ex. 82. Los Angeles 

The Art of Singing 
Breathing 

Enunciation 

Stage Deportment 
Sight Reading 
Memorizing 

Acting, Directing 

and Accompanying 

Write or Call for Terms 



Ho 


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Melrose 


120 


South 


Grand Avenue 


Positively a 


first class family 






hotel. 


The 


Melrose has been estab- 


lished 


for many years and it is 


well known 


for the "table it 


sets." 


Rates 


$2.00 a day and up. 





Sunset Main 2987 Razor Honing 

BEN WIELPUTZ 

Fine Cutlery nod Grinding 

Barbers Supplies 
Fine Grinding a Specialty; Doc- 
tors and Manicuring Instru- 
ments Done First Class 
655 So. Hill St., Los Angeles, Cal. 




Leading Clothiers (INC* 

437-439-441-443 South Spring 
Between Fourth and Fifth Streets. . 

HEAD TO FOOT 

OUTFITTERS 

FOR MEN AND BOYS 



30 MUSIC LESSONS FREE 

To anyone beginning our 
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will give 30 lessons, of one hour 
each, absolutely free. Investi- 
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Phone MUSIC TEACHER, 
Main 9106 

Learn to play piano in 20 les- 
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Ragtime and popular piano 
playing positively taught in 20 
lessons. No money in advance. 

For particulars 

Phone MUSIC TEACHER, 
Main 9106 



BUNGALOWS 



INSTALLMENTS 



Small Payment Down — Balance Monthly 

We can put you up a home in almost any part of the city — from 
Boyle Heights to the Westlake District. Small payment down, bal- 
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Pioneer Investment and Trust Co. 



J. Harvey McCarthy, President 
Top Floor Grant Building 



C. C. Patterson, Secretary 
Fourth and Broadway 



II GROW1HAIR FREE EXAMINATION and Five Minutes 

CONSULTATION 

With me will save your Hair, and put you in the way 
of having a clean, healthy scalp, as I positively cure 
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Home Treatment for out of town people. Write 
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Hair and Scalp Specialist. . ROOM 426 CITIZENS NATIONAL BANK BLCG. 
Hours 8 to 5 LOS ANGELES 





BEKINS 

Fire-Proof Storage 

1335 South Figueroa 



Call and inspect. Reduced Rate 
Shippers of household goods to 
and from the East and North. 



r T y TT T7 Q 'Domestic ana 
JL JL -L/ Hrf O Imported 

For Mantels and Floors 
Marble and Stone 

Pacific Tile and Mantel Co. 

Agents for Gruebv and Roohwood Tiles 

716-18 South Spring Street 



J. E. MEYER 

StocKs, Bonds and Investments 

Broker and Dealer in 

HIGH GRADE SECURITIES 

202 Mercantile Place 

at Spring St. 




The Misses Page School for Girls 

243 WEST ADAMS STREET 
Home Phone 21202 
Sunset South 3539 

Amid ideal surroundings and directed by competent teachers the 
girls of this School make rapid progress. In addition to the regular 
school studies they are taught vocal and instrumental music, drawing 
and painting, and physical culture. Ample facilities are afforded for 
recreation and the girls' home training and moral welfare is attended 
to in a manner to bring out the sweet and beautiful in character, so 
essential to true womanhood. 



A School for Boys 



Under the same management, located at 137 West Adams .Street. 
Telephone Home 21203. The boys receive military instruction, Cap- 
tain Robert T. Gibbs being commandant. 

This is a splendid home for boys and also a well regulated school- 
home where the character training of the boy is given the importance 
it deserves. The proverb "Train up the child in the way he should 
go; and when he is old he will not depart from it," is exemplified at 
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industry and learning in a way fitting them suitably as foundation 
stones for life's progress. Boys of any age after 5 years admitted. 
Each boy is held to be an individual. Not being held back by class 
restrictions his progress is rapid and certain. 

Call, Telephone or Write for Catalogue. p up ii s admitted at any time.. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Vol. VII. Mo. 5. 



Los Angeles, California, July SI, 1909- 



5 Cents $1. OO a Year 



THE TIMES ASKS A QUESTION 

In an edi 'ling with the matter of 

00 paid by the National Government 
Counsel Henej — which recentl) 
came under congressional inquiry — the 
Times wind.-, up its comment with a ques- 
tion a- to whether this is grafl or not, and 
summons four citizens, bj name, to the 
court of public opinion to give their views. 

We have never yet claimed membership 
in the Decline-to-Answer club that figures 
so prominently in the re] investiga- 

tions and trials. We are not rich enough 
nor shrewd enough, and we could always 
get more fun out of talking than keeping 
still. Silence is golden, no doubt, l)iu we 

are disposed to hold with William J. in 
favor of the free coinage of talk. Anybody 
can get a rise out of us with a hair-trigger 
question mark. So here goes. 

When a nati. n of 90,000,000 people, led 
by President Roosevelt and Attorney Gen- 
eral Bonaparte, decides to go after the land 
thievi depredations had already 

laiiy millions of dollars, and when it 
engagi contract, an able attorney as- 

il counsel to take charge of the prose- 
cutii n. and agrees in advance to pay him 
i iin very reasonable sum, and when 
the said attorney labors faithfully for over 
five years, and gets all kinds of results, one 
item of which is the sending of a United 
Slates Senator to the penetentiary, we do 
not regard the payment by the President 
and Secretary aforesaid of $69,000, and its 
receipt by Mr. Ileney, as graft on the part 
of any one of the three, notwithstanding 
the fact that it is quite possible, as alleged, 
that $23,000 of this money was held back 
and not paid up until a year or so after the 
work ceased, and notwithstanding the fact, 
as alleged, that Mr. Heney receipted for 
some of this money before it was paid to 
him. Uncle Sam is often, we are sorry to 
say. disgracefully slow about paying up — 
and he h is learned the big corporation trick 
of making his creditor turn' in a receipt be- 
fore lie gets his money — often long before. 

Xo; we do not regard that $69,000, nor 
any part of it, as graft money, but on the 
contrary it looks like a very reasonable fee 
for the work — as attorneys' fees go. 

Perhaps, if we were engaged in the 
stomach-turning task of defending the big 
grafters of San Francisco from getting their 
just deserts at the hands of special prose- 
cutor Heney, we might see that $69,000 
transaction as graft; but, as it is, we do not 
"have to". 

Now having answered our question, may 
we have a turn at the game? That is fair, 
isn't it? 

Stand up. Mr. Times, please. The public 
is here and is listening. 

When you worked your political pull with 
the council to pay you 50 per cent above 
competitive bid price for printing, was that 
graft ? And if not. wdiat? 

When \(iu insulted and browbeat a grand 
jury to keep it from complying with the 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK. 

Published Every Saturday 

837 South Spring St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 
Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies S cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered ai iccond-class mailer April 5, 1907, at the postofnee at 
l-oi Angeles, California, under the act of Congress of March 1,1879. 



law and the charge of the court with respect 
to the public money (then farmed out to 
favored banks) — a jury whose work finally 
resulted in a law whereby city and county 
now get $75,000 a year interest on their de- 
posits — was that graft on your part? If 
not, what? 

When you took a great wad of Mr. Cal- 
houn's money and instantly changed front 
on the San Francisco prosecution of graft- 
ers, from praising Heney to abusing him, 
was that graft? K not, what? 

When you did your best to keep Harper 
in office as mayor, knowing, as you did, 
what kind of mischief he was up to, was 
that graft? If not, what? 

An early reply will ^greatly oblige. 
* + * 
THE WEDGE CANDIDATES 



"Divide and conquer" was the basis of 
Napoleon's system of polemics. It is the 
foundation of the hope of the machine for 
the recovery of lost control over the city 
government. 

In round numbers forty thousand votes 
will be cast at the next city election. Of 
these the machine has absolute ownership 
of something like eight thousand votes. 
These will be delivered to any candidate 
bearing the endorsement "straight Repub- 
lican", no matter how impossible an officer 
he might make. There are five or six thou- 
sand more that can be depended upon to 
\ote for any respectable man bearing the 
party certificate. These people will not ad- 
mit that they are thick-and-thin partisans, 
but they jump at the chance to vote for 
their party's candidates just the same. As- 
suming that the machine makes a fairly de- 
cent nomination — which seems almo; 
certainty this year — we may credit it with 
about one-third of the total vote. 

Now if we were proceeclin y under the old 
system of elections we would have to figure 
off from the remaining two-thirds about 
two thousand for the socialists, and one 
thousand for the prohibitionists, and five 
or six thousand for a partisan Democratic 



; The remainder, if solid! -, 
on a good government ticket, might be able 
to beat out the machine, bul if there was 

the least division in the ranks. 51 
would he impossible. In short, the chances 

would he strongl) in favor of an organiza- 
tion which. io start with, his less than 20 

1 it cent of li-e voters. 

Put this year a new system is to he tried 
— a direct primaiw on a non partisan I 
wherebj wc arc disposed to believi 

divide-and-COnquer game cannot he -worked 
so successfully as it has been in the past. 

Remember that in the final vole only two 
names will appear on the ballot: the ma- 
chine candidate and one other. The split-up 
business must work itself out in the h 
try-out ballot. 

Occasionally the fear is expressed tint 
the machine- may capture both places on 
the final ballot. To accomplish this, it 
wov.ld be necessary that the machine should 
have over two-thirds of all the votes cast 
at the try-out ballot. W'e are disposed to 
believe that it will have more than half of 
tl . se votes, because its people are in the 
habit of voting at primaries, wdiereas the 
gcod government forces are composed 
largely^ of people of non-partisan tendencies, 
who 1 ave been disposed in the past to hold 
aloof from party primaries. 

Put the machine wdll not be rich enough 
to venture to divide its vote b< <.ween two 
candidates for the same office. To do that 
might result in letting in two anti-machine 
men on the final ballot. It might be pos- 
sible — if the machine were absolutely cer- 
tain of pulling through its one first choice — 
to spare a block, of a thousand or two votes 
to help out an undesirable — that is to say 
unavailable — non-machine candidate, but 
even that scheme involves a pretty serious 
risk. 

Evidently the machine's only chance to 
work the "divide-and-couquer'' game will 
be in the try-out ballot, and the best it can 
hope to do there is to help in loading up the 
non-machine forces- with an undesirable or 
unavailable kind of a candidate. 

To put all this into concrete form, take 
the office of mayor, -for example. 

It seems to be fairly certain that the ma- 
chine will back the nomination of Win AP 
Bowen, former councilman from the Fifth 
Ward. He will command the entire strength 
of the party and he is particularly beloved 
of the chief party organ, for which he pro- 
cured the city printing in 1903, whereby 
poor Davenport lost his --eat under the Re- 
call. The picture of George H. Smith is 
thrown upon the screen temporarily, to oc- 
cupy the attention of the impatient gallery 
until the management is ready to bring out 
the main performer. 

The try-out election will occur some time 
in the first two weeks of the month of No- 
vember, the exact date will be fixed by 
council not less than three nor more than 
five week's before the city election. NcarK 
a month before that time petiti- 
on the trv-out ballot — one hundred names 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



to the petition — must have been filed with 
the city clerk. In short, by the first week 
of October we shall know who the candi- 
dates are. 

Other candidates for mayor that we know 
will be on the ticket, in addition to the prob- 
able Republican nominee Bowen and the 
fake one Smith, are Mushet, present city 
auditor, McAleer, a former mayor, a So- 
cialist candidate, a Labor Union candidate, 
a Prohibition candidate and a Good Govern- 
ernment party candidate. There may also 
be a Democratic nominee, although there 
is a general feeling among the Democrats 
that as their party is very much in the min- 
ority on a straight party issue they will 
get best results for the city and for the 
party by throwing in their lot with the 
Good Government forces. In addition to 
those enumerated above there may be three 
or four individual candidates — men who are 
"induced to run by their friends", and who 
cherish political illusions of one kind or 
another. 

Now out of this bunch of ten or fifteen 
applicants, two are to be selected for the 
final ballot — the election ballot. These are 
the ones receiving the largest and the next 
to the largest vote in the try-out. 

It is a clear enough case that the Re- 
publican machine nominee will get the larg- 
est -vote. The organization is not given to 
scattering, and even if Smith and others of 
the machine type remain on the ballot very 
few votes will be wasted on them. The sec- 
ond name in the list, we believe, will be that 
of the Good Government nominee — if it 
should be decided to make a nomination at 
all, or if no nomination is made it will be 
the candidate in the list who, in the mind of 
the anti-machine portion of the community, 
most nearly conforms to the Good Govern- 
ment standard. If the Democrats make a 
nomination their man is likely to be third 
on the list, and if Mr. Mushet gets the La- 
bor Union nomination — which his news- 
paper support hopes to get for him, he 
should be fourth in the list with the Social- 
ist fifth. 

This is offered merely as guesswork and 
for purposes of illustration. The point to 
be recognized is that the try-out ballot plan 
eliminates the split-up feature that usually 
complicates local elections and makes it so 
easy for the machine to win. 

The wedge candidates need not be feared. 
4" + + 

THE. TWO HUNDRED LIMIT 



One of the unique institutions in our city 
government is the limit of 200 placed by 
ordinance on the number of saloons allowed 
to exist within the present city limits. 
There is a further limitation, viz., that these 
saloons must all be located within the "fire 
limits", which means the down town region, 
but that is not unique. It came to us from' 
Minneapolis. 

The 200 limit plan was adopted by the 
police commission in 1897, and was put 
into the form of an ordinance a year or two 
later. 

The author of the plan was T. E. Gibbon, 
Esq., who is now manager of the Herald. 
He was then, as always, an earnest student 
of municipal matters and a practical re- 
former. There was an organization then 
in existence known as the "Better City 
Government League", and it was largely 
through its influence that the city council, 
which in those days appointed the commis- 
sioners, put Mr. Gibbon on the police board. 

This was before civil service came into 



the city government, and the state of af- 
fairs in the police department may be im- 
agined from the circumstances that led to 
the removal of Mr. Gibbon's predecessor, 
General Chas. Forman. General Forman 
was an active, aggressive, conscientious 
man, and immediately upon his appoint- 
ment went to work to better things in the 
police. Acting on the recommendation of 
the chief, he sought to secure the removal 
of a number of incompetent men on the 
force, who had put in a good deal of their 
time doing politics. Thereupon the force 
rose as one man, descended upon council, 
and demanded General Forman's removal 
from the commission ; and council made the 
removal — in spite of the earnest protest of 
their presiding officer, Herman Silver. But 
Mr. Silver was allowed to name General 
Forman's successor, and he named Mr. 
Gibbon. 

Conditions have improved somewhat in 
this community since those days. Police- 
men no longer make and unmake police 
commissions. 

Mr. Gibbon has done a number of impor- 
tant services for the city of Los Angeles. 
More than any other one man he saved the 
harbor from falling into Southern Pacific 
hands ; he brought the Salt Lake road here ; 
he started this crusade that led to the recall 
of Mayor Harper; but of equal importance 
with these was the 200 limit on saloons. 

At that time we had a city of less than 
100,000 population. Three years later the 
census gave us 102,000. That would make 
one saloon for every 500 population. Now 
we have 300,000 population, which gives 
one saloon for 1500 of population. This is 
the largest percentage of population to 
saloon to be found in any American .city — 
excluding of course, those cities that have 
prohibition. Worcester, Mass., which has 
130,000 population, is the largest city in the 
Union that prohibits saloons. 

In the days before the fire San Francisco 
had over 3000 saloons, or one- to every 125 
of population. The average of American 
cities is one to every 400 of population. 
Several cities have recently adopted the 
limitation plan, but the usual method is to 
choose a percentage — usually one saloon to 
1000 people, and hold it stationary at that. 
Our plan we believe to be better, for, as 
the city grows larger, the saloon franchises 
grow more valuable. 

The underlying virtue of the plan is not 
that it diminishes the amount of drinking 
that takes place. It probably does diminish 
it a little, but that is not the point. The 
practical service of the limitation lies in 
the value it gives to the right tosell iiquor, 
whereby an effective control is secured by 
the city over the liquor seller. 

That this feature of the plan has not al- 
ways been worked to its fullest capacity 
must be admitted ; but it gives a good police 
commission a leverage for law and order 
that no other device, except perhaps total 
prohibition, could ever supply. 

A high license would not work the same 
result, although it might perhaps supply 
greater revenue to the city. To hold the. 
number down to 200 the license must be 
fixed at some tremendously high figure, 
which would immediately close up the con- 
cerns that sell mostly beer — which probably 
do less harm than the elegant up-town sa- 
loons, where so many young men get a bad 
start into the world. And in his struggle to 
meet the high license the saloonkeeper is 
constantly tempted to break the law, and 



also to sell sophisticated stuff which does a 
vast amount of physical mischief. 

It must be admitted that the limitation 
plan creates a form of monopoly, but we 
are getting used to that in business mat- 
ters. There are after all so many things in 
the liquor business worse than a monopoly, 
that we won't stop to worry long over that 
issue. 

The great majority of the people of this 
city know by experience, and they have 
come now to feel instinctively, that so long 
as we have saloons at all, the 200 limit is a 
protection against many of the evils of the 
liquor traffic. They are not likely to give 
it up nor to tolerate any effort to break it 
down, unless some one is able to develop a 
plan that is a distinct improvement. In the 
meantime we stand pat. 

* * * 
THE REFORM MACHINE 



Nobody ever finds fault with a reform 
movement until it begins to be effective. 
So long as it is a mere "sissy" affair, made 
up of passing of resolutions, slapping peo- 
ple on the wrist, vague dnunciation of offi- 
cial corruption from ministers and puffy 
prominent citizens, letters to the newspaper 
and threats of calling a mass meeting, just 
so long do the leaders of the organization 
regard it with an amused approval. 

Sometimes the main guy or boss of the 
works lends a semi-official endorsement to 
the performance. "Let 'em blow .off steam," 
he says. "It will do 'em good, and it' won't 
hurt me." 

But the moment the affair is taken in 
hand by the kind of people that get results, 
who go about it in the same business-like 
style as the organization itself uses, then, 
oh then ! what a howl goes up ! 

Why these fellows have a regula'r ma- 
chine. They are no better than anybody 
else — they who pretend to be so pure and 
holy. When we soak 'em in the ear, instead 
of meekly turning the other cheek as the 
saints do in the books, they actually have 
the nerve to land on our chin. 

Also there are objectionable personalities. 
If anybody else than Meyer Make-good and 
E. T. Get-there were running things, it 
would be all right ; but they are personae 
non gratae with the machine. Good rea- 
son why, too. 

Politics is a game where we are not com- 
pelled to please our enemies. In fact the 
only way we can please them is by doing 
the wrong thing. It is about as much as 
one can undertake to do to please his own 
friends. 

The people who form the rank and file of 
any reform movement — the voters on whom 
it must depend for success — are, for the 
most part, people who have not been ac- 
tively engaged in politics. The organiza- 
tion counts on that fact, and is always look- 
ing for a chance to frighten or stampede 
them. 

At the last municipal election, for ex- 
ample, it worked the Uriion-Labor-Schmitz 
idea for all it was worth. Pretty fair crop 
of suckers too, only more of them voted for 
Harper than for Lindley, 

This reform-machine idea now holds the 
boards. Indications are that this fall it will 
be worked pretty hard. 

Is it possible, some citizen who has just 
waked up will ask, is it possible that the 
reform forces are building up a machine? 

To which we answer as follows : 

We hope so. 

A machine in politics means an organiza- 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



tion — a substantial, effective, permanent or- 
ganization. We certainly hope the reform 

ieve they 

arc. 

Wo have dropped intt> a way of using the 
- "machine" and "organization" 
fer in the local Republican machine. That 

is inaccurate but perfectly natural. When 
a San Diego man says "the railroad", he 

means the Santa he; when a Santa Barbara 
man uses those words he means the South- 
ern Pacific. We have lived so long on the 
line of the Republican machine that it is 
tlie whole thine in our colloquial narrative. 

But when you think of it there is a 
hibition machine and there is an exceeding- 
ly well developed and admirably managed 
Socialist machine. We decline to admit, 
however, tl at there is any genuine Democr- 
tic machine, the organization element of 
that party having shown repeatedly thai 
they are merely an adjunct of the Republi- 
can machine. 

Of course the Good Government party, or 
crowd, or "set", or whatever you wish to 
call them, should have an organization or 
a machine, if they are to do business in 
earnest — and get results. They must 
have leaders anil hired helpers, clubs, poll- 
ing books, card indexes and all the rest of 
it. Things don't do themselves in politics 
any more than they do in business. Some- 
body must work, and if bis work is to prove 
effective it must be in the form of an or- 
ganization. And if anybody chooses to call 
the leaders in the work "bosses", we can 
bear even that with entire composure. 

What is the distinction then? If the re- 
form element has a machine, why isn't it 
just as bad as the old parties? 

Our objection to the Republican organi- 
zation, as we know it hereabouts, in city, 
county and state, is not that it runs a ma- 
chine, but that the motive power back of 
the machine is the utility corporations of 
the city and state. Efforts have been made 
from time to time to pry the party loose 
from these attachments, but unsuccessfully. 
This is not a mere theory; no honest, sane 
man in his senses ventures to question it. 
Moreover, as the most infallible strength of 
this machine lies in the worst precincts of 
the worst wards of the city, among low 
lodging houses, tough saloons and the red 
light district — when there is such a dis- 
trict — the union between that organization 
and the vice of the town is only too evi- 
dent. Of startling significance, too, is the 
fact that the machine's chief newspaper 
support — locally and in San Francisco- 
comes from papers that defend and applaud 
corporate bribery of city officials, and that 
fight all forms of legislation designed to 
protect the people from the betrayal of their 
interests by the law-making bodies. 

A gun is a gun, but there is a good deal 
of difference between a weapon in the 
hands of a policeman and the same thing in 
the bands of a burglar. 

+ * * 

THE FEDERAL SYSTEM FOR CITIES 



The City Club recently listened to an in- 
teresting talk by a former mayor of In- 
dianapolis in which he discussed the advan- 
tages of the so-called federal system as ap- 
plied to city charters, and in particular as 
worked out in the city of Indianapolis. 

There are now four fairly distinct sys- 
tems of city government in the United 
States. I. The people elect a council, 
mayor and a lot of city officers. II. The 
people elect council and mayor, and the 



council appoints the city officer-. III. 

pie elect council and mayor, .in. I the mayor 

appoints the city officers. IV The p 
elect small council — at-large — which runs 
the whole city government, one of their 
number bearing the title of mayor, This 

last is called : n mission System." 

Number III. is the federal system. 

The name federal is bestowed on this 
plan where the mayor holds the appointive 
power, because of its supposed resemblance 
to the national government. This plan 
came as a reaction against the divided re- 
sponsibility and its attendant evils that pre- 
vailed under plans I and II. 

It is a long step toward better govern- 
ment that the people should be able to 
know positively who is responsible for what 
ever goes wrong, anil this federal system 
accomplishes that in a measure, but not to 
the lull. 

There would still remain open the ques- 
tion of whether responsibility lav with the 
executive or legislative branches of the gov- 
ernment; for under the federal plan both 
exist, just as they do in the national gov- 
ernment. Often it is impossible to tell 
whether the trouble is in the law- or the 
administration of the law. 

The commission system narrows that 
doubt to the smallest possible compass, for 
the le.gislatie and executive are one and the 
same. 

We have been brought up to regard a 
distinction between legislative and execu- 
tive functions as something almost sacred 
in governmental usage — perhaps because 
that distinction is the basis of our national 
constitution. 

It does not exist, however, in the English 
Parliament, which is at once legislative and 
executive, nor in most of the Continental 
free governments. 

In a municipality the distinction is often 
a mere matter of theory, and.it may be best 
for all concerned that the hand that wrote 
the law should attend to its carrying out. 

When Los Angeles comes to reshape its 
present charter on more modern lines, it is 
much more likely to adopt the commission 
system than the federal. 

However, these are mere matters of de- 
tail in the great issue of good government. 
The substantial important factor that 
should underly all systems and 'without 
which they must all fail is Democracy — the 
rule of the people. 

If a city government has the initiative 
and the referendum, the recall, the non- 
partisan ballot and the direct primary, it 
can never go very far wrong, whatever its 
system of government. 

+ * + 
COUNCILMEN WANTED" 



If the machine can elect five members out 
of the nine to be chosen for council next 
December, it will be quite reconciled to 
losing most of the remainder of the city 
go-vernment. It has had five councilmen 
through this administration, and has done 
fairly well in standing off reform measures 
and in controlling a large margin of the 
city's affairs. To be sure, it takes six to 
pass an appropriation ordinance, but if there 
is one^of the remaining four who is badly 
in need of a bridge, for example, or some 
other piece of local improvement, it is pos- 
sible to pick up the extra vote whenever it 
is very much needed. 

Councilmen are. to be elected at-large 
this time instead of by wards. This amend- 
ment was adopted by the voters, in the face 



of the determined opposition of the ma- 
chine element, because ; 
change would result in gi\ 
material :•! this most important bran 

the city government. 

(hi the same ballot, however, the | 
v.iicil down another amendment which 
calculated to assist materially in i 
standard for membership in the council, 
viz : an increase of sal I ; 
(hie hundred dollars a month is a ' | 

compensation for the amount of time tint 
must of necessity be devoted to the work. 

Election at-large alleviates this si mewhat, 

however, because the voters ..i the wards 
will not attempt to make errand boys out 
of their councilmen as they do now. 

The petitions for places on the try-out 
ballot must be filed about the first of Oc- 
tober. That gives August and September 
in which to find good material for the nomi- 
nations at-large, 

There are hundreds of men in this citv 
that conform to the requirements and that 
could be induced to run, we believe, if the 
matter were properly presented to them — 
and out of those hundreds we certainly 
should be able to find the necessary nine. 

The average requirements for this posi- 
tion may be summarized: 1, Integrity; 
2, Courage ; 3, Absolute independence from 
the corporation-controlled machine; 4, Some 
property stake in the city ; 5, Business ex- 
perience; 6, Civic ideals; 7, Good temper; 
8, Good sense. 

In addition to these it must be admitted 
that the man who is to go before the voters 
of an entire city should have lived here 
long enough, or have been sufficiently active 
in public matters, for him to be fairly well 
known. This, however, might be waived, 
together with item number 4 in the list 
given above, but the other requirements are 
essential. 

Now then, to find such men and to get 
them to place their names on the try-out 
ballot— it is the business of every good citi- 
zen to assist in the quest. 
+ + ♦ 
[f.* » - > EDITORIAL COMMENT 

At least, the United States Senate can 
claim proudly that it is the slave of no party 
platform. — New York World. 



There is nothing the matter with Mr. 
Harriman but nervousness, superinduced by 
a haunting fear that he has overlooked some 
railroad which might be added to his sys- 
tem. — Kansas City Journal. 



The man who walked into the treasury 
at Washington and demanded a million dol- 
lars went to the wrong place. He should 
have gone to Aldrich and asked for a clause 
in the tariff. — New York Evening Post. 



The sugar trust has a record which 
makes an air of injured innocence difficult 
— Washington Evening Star. 



Collection of a tax on corporation earn- 
ings might necessitate a scrutiny of busi- 
ness methods calculated to provide interest- 
ing information for the attorney general's 
office. — Washington Evening Star. 



These Chinese may be a trifle old-fash- 
ioned in some regards, but it isn't every en- 
lightened nation that can get the whole 
world quarreling about the privilege of i 
ing it monev. — Washington Time-. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS 



Following is the report of Associated 
Charities for week ending July 27th, 1909: 
New cases reported, 39; recurrent cases, 
75; visits made, 40; wheel chairs furnished, 
2; disbursements for new and recurrent 
cases, $185.05. This statement does not in- 
clude the gas and milk bills. A large quan- 
tity of clothing was distributed. 

* * * 

Bringing the Water. This year's water 
estimate contains an item of $100,000 set 
aside from the profits of the system, to be 
used for beginning the construction of the 
conduit that will connect the end of the 
aqueduct, in the San Fernando Valley, with 
Los Angeles city. Here is one department 
of the city government whose intelligent 
and business-like management it is a pleas- 
ure to contemplate. Also there are others.- 

* * * 

Taking the lead of all cities, American 
and European, Berlin is spending vast 
amounts of money in the municipalization 
of its outskirts, the latest proposal being to 
acquire for $10,000,000 a great forest in the 
so-called Spree district. This is to be de- 
eloped as a park and municipal waterworks. 
Lying near the city was a sandy tract of 
little or no use. It was utilized for the dis- 
posal of sewage and actually transformed 
into a healthful and productive spot. 

* + + 

Humane Clubbing. Denver policemen 
have been outfitted with a humane club, in 
the place of the old-style hard wood stick. 
It is made of hard rubber, filled with steel 
rods. It. is said to be just as effective as 
the wooden sticks, but a blow from it 
neither bruises nor cuts, and there is of 
course no danger of fracturing the skull. 
This club is the invention of a Denver po- 
liceman, and the authorities there believe it 
will ultimately come into universal use. 

* * * 

Pay Checks for Laborers. The San Fran- 
cisco Board of Supervisors have passed an 
ordinance prohibiting the use of pay checks 
in payment of laborers. A short time ago 
a young woman acting as cashier for Gray 
Bros., contractors, was murdered by one of 
the workmen, because she refused to give 
him his money until the pay-check fell due, 
in accordance with the rule of the com- 
pany. What is needed to cover this evil is 
not municipal legislation hut a state law. 

Brick Instead of Macadam. The county 
of Allegheny in Pennsylvania has 300 miles 
of macadam roads — just the amount we ex- 
pect to build in Los Angeles county with 
our $3,500,000, if the politicians we call 
supervisors, the Eldridge-Nellis-McCabe 
combination, feel that they can spare the 
money for that purpose. The experience 
of Allegheny county in the matter of the 
maintenance of these roads is interesting — 
not to say startling. They say it now costs 
them $800 per mile, per year, to keep up the 
macadam roads, or $240,000 per year for the 
300 miles. The supervisors have decided 
gradually to replace the macadam with 
brick, that is to say resurface with brick, us- 
ing the macadam as a base. This costs 
one-third more than macadam but the up- 
keep is a small item. The question that 
has puzzled a good many people hereabouts 
is where the $240,000 a year is coming from 



to keep up our new system of roads. As 
the automobile goes whizzing over the ma- 
cadam it draws out the fine dust that makes 
the binder, .and distributes it all over the 
landscape and the occupants of horse- 
driven vehicles. Presently the road crum- 
bles, lets the rain through, and that is about 
all for Mr. Macadam. 

* * * 

State Forester Rane, of Massachusetts, 
is a staunch advocate of the plan advocated 
by the American Civic Association for the 
establishment of municipal forests. 
Through proper forestation of drainage ba- 
sins, and sources of water supply, it is urged 
by State Forester Rane, citizens not only 
will be educated in the advantages of for- 
estry, but a source of municipal income will 
be developed. Forester R;ine recently draft- 
ed a plan for Fall River which eventually 
will mean 3,000 acres of woodland. 

* * * 

Cleansing the Slum District. New York 
has just appropriated $100,000 as a special 
fund for scouring the streets of congested 
districts. ■ It is proposed to purchase 40 
street flushing machines of the type we use 
in I, os Angeles, and to have them work all 
night scouring the streets of the business 
district and the slums. This is in addition 
to the regular day work of the white wings. 
A lowering of the death rate, particularly 
through the summer months, is expected as 
a consequence of the adoption of this plan. 

* ♦ ♦ 

Getting After the Mosquitos. Every- 
where, throughout the east, the authorities 
are waging a war of extermination on the 
mosquito which we know now is not only 
a nuisance but is also a menace to health. 
Twenty years ago mosquitos were almost 
unknown in Southern California cities, and 
now they are everywhere. They are not 
so large nor so poisonous as the eastern in- 
sect, and so we bear them more philosophic- 
ally — if it can be called philosophy to en- 
dure them at all. The chief reason why 
they exist now is that landscape gardening 
has brought the pool into vogue, and peo- 
ple are careless about changing the water. 

* * * 

Mayor's Message. Under the charter 
amendments passed last fall, the municipal 
year is made to correspond with the fiscal 
year, beginning with the month of July. 
Recognizing this change Mayor Alexander 
files his. message now, instead of delaying 
it to the end of the year,, as was formerly 
the custom. The logical time for the execu- 
tive head of the city government to present 
his views and offer his recommendations 
would seem to be at the beginning of the 
fiscal year, at which time the budget is 
shaped up and the most important features 
of civic policy settled upon for the succeed- 
ing twelve months. The sending of this 
message and the utterances in the message 
seem to have been deeply resented by some 
members of council, although a careful 
reading of the document reveals nothing on 
which that resentment could be reasonably 
based. It is a frank, good humored state- 
ment of the city's most pressing needs re- 
duced to practicable form. It contains no 
slams nor inuendos, and the only hint of 
a past disagreement is contained in the very 
sane and moderate discussion of the matter 



of freight carrying by the electric lines. In 
view of the uproar created by several mem- 
bers of council over the presentation of this- 
message, one is moved to inquire ; How 
long since our city council became such a 
sacred and infallible concern that it cannot 
even endure a few respectfully worded sug- 
gestions from the official head of the city 
government? 

Red Signal System for Police. Pittsburg 
has developed a new form of what we call 
the "Foster system." When central station 
wishes to communicate with its men it 
sends up a bomb that bursts high in the 
heavens, and sheds a red light over a great 
area. All policemen then seek high ground, 
or get up on roofs, where they can see a 
red globe at the top of a high flagstaff. 
Flashes are sent from this globe by elec- 
tricity in a telegraphic code which the men 
are trained to read; but if they fail to make 
cut the meaning they are expected to go to 
a telephone and inquire. This seems like 
a very round-about process to get a simple 
result. 

* * + 

Tax Collections Row. Because the city 
council is unwilling that six men employed 
in the Tax Collector's office should lose 
their jobs the taxpayers of this city are 
compelled to stand by and helplessly wit- 
ness a clash of authority between two de- 
oartments of the city government, which 
bids fair to cost a good deal of money be- 
fore we are done with it. The present li- 
cense ordinance puts the work of inspec- 
tion, to see that licenses are paid, into the 
hands of the police. Logically this (lis- 



^^^/s^ 4 *^ 



So.Broadway *^&HJ&jg2~& ti So.Hill Street 
A. PUSENOT CO. 

We are exclusive agents for the 

REYNIER 
KID GLOVES 



THE MAIN question in buying 
Kid Gloves is quality. If you 
buy a pair of Reynier gloves 
you are assured of good qual- 
ity because this line has gained the en- 
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"The World's Best Make" 

To experience that feeling of satisfac- 
tion that comes from wearing the best — 
let your next pair be Reynier's. 



A Large Assortment of Sizes. Lengths and Colors 
Always in Stock. 



PACI FIC OUTLOOK 



n 'h- 
jed. Bui under "iir politica 
men cann lien theii 

certain]) not if they have I 
back of them. So these nun art- re- 
through the motions of in- 
specting licenses and— according to the 
■in of tin' police — muss up the work 
ami cost the city money. We venture to 

ation membei 
council that possibly the cheapest way out 
of it fur tin- city would be t.> pension 
men and allow them !•> i;" fishing for an in- 
definite period. 

+ + + 

A General Waking Up. Kansas t "it v. 
Kansas, is spending $150,000 this _\.-.ir for 
park improvements. Memphis, Tenn., has 

just voted a million dollars for park im- 
provements. Half of tliis goes for the pur- 
chase and improvement of a 17-acre tract 
in the business center, which is to be used 
as a great playground. Syracuse has jusl 
finished one playground at a cost of $30,- 
000 and is starting; on another at a cosl of 
$50,000. St. Louis is spending a million on 
playgrounds ; four of them are in congested 
districts, and one — the old fair grounds — is 
to be used as athletic grounds for the whole 
city. Hamilton, Ohio, is one more town 
that has waked up to the beauty possibili- 
ties of a river that formerly was a mere 
dumping ground. A city of only 40.000 
population, it is now spending $400,000. 
+ + * 

The Los Angeles Housing Commission 
appreciates having a home of its own on 
the top floor of the City Hall. The weekly 
meetings are held every Wednesday at 4:30 
p. m. Reports are read and housing condi- 
tions discussed, landlords and agents can 
plead their cause and all alike receive just 
treatment. The inspectors have their office 
hours daily from 8:30 to 9:30 a. m. In a 
short time the Commission will have a 
Home phone and those wishing to transact 
business can communicate during the morn- 
ing office hour or Wednesday meeting. 
They expect soon to have the office fully 
equipped and already have some interesting 
literature and statistics about housing con- 
ditions in other cities and hope in the fu- 
ture to be able to get the best works on 
housing problems as well as public hygiene 
and sanitation. The new reports are ready 
for distribution and will give an idea of the 
housing problems of the city, past, present 
and future. 

* * + 

Sad State of Councilmen. The present 
city council contains a number of members 
who seem to be afflicted with raw, sore 
spots; the slightest touch sends them rigiit 
up in the air. The Church Federation Club 
sent a communication to council objecting 
strenuously to the vote of Messrs. Blanch- 
ard. Clampitt, Dromgold, Yonkin, Lyon 
and Healy in favor of cigar stand gambling. 
This seems to have been regarded as "but- 
ting in." These distinctions are sometimes 
hard to follow. A lot of cigar-stand keepers 
and saloon men will be cordiallv greeted 
and their business interests carefully guard- 
ed by councilmen, but -when an organization 
representing the morality interests of the 
city enters a protest — why that is "butting 
in." By the way, along about January first 
Mayor Harper was blustering around the 
city hall about the Municipal League but- 
ting in on the Kern appointment. Soon 
after that he was hutted out himself. 



Typhoid and Clean Water. - 
the filtration s\ stem of 1'hil i li Iphi i 
been gradually brought into operation, and 

n in consequence a sti 
diminution in the number of cases of or 
deaths from typhoid. For each 10 
people for a period of <i\ months (hi 
ave run a^ follows from 1906 ti > I 
For 1906, 447 cases, 46 deaths; foi 1907, 
335 cases, 45 deaths; for 1908, 145 cases, 23 
deaths; for 1909, 84 cases, 15 deaths. It 
will lie remembered, perhaps, that when the 
reform element temporarily got possession 
of Philadelphia in 1905, one of the worst 
jobs they found to clean up was the filtra- 
tion plant which had remained unfinished 
for years, and which was costing an as- 
tounding amount of money. Several in- 
dictments grew out the revelations about 
this plant. Now in view of the showing 
made by these figures, we beg to inquire 
whether the Republican bosses who held 
back this work and used it for graft pur- 
poses were very different from murderers. 
♦ ♦ ♦ 

What Politics Does. The people of Los 

Angeles county are getting a handsome 
illustration of the contempt in which they 
are held by politicians once safely en- 
sconced in office — without the recall. When 
the issue was before the people of whether 
to vote $3,500,000 in bonds for road con- 
struction, the Roard of Supervisors; know- 
ing that the whole question turned on 
whether they could be trusted, proposed 
that the civic bodies including the county 
good roads association should appoint an 
advisory committee and that they, the 
supervisors, would take no important step 
connected with the road work without, 
consulting this committee. No sooner were 
the bonds voted, than the Roard began to 
ignore this commission, and in spite of re- 
peated protests from the civic bodies they 
are doing exactly what was feared — they 
are using the road work for political pur- 
poses. They have compelled the Road 
Commissioners to throw out the secretary 
they had appointed for merit and to sub- 
stitute a politician — a henchman of one of 
the supervisors. Their road commissioners 
are evidently mere dummies. The outlo k 
for good road work, under such circum- 
stances is very gloomy, and the voters go 
about saying — oh, if we only had the recall 
in the county! 



Handicapped 

A tailor wdio was defendant in a case at 
the assizes seemed much cast down when 
brought up for trial. 

"What's the trouble?" whispered his 
council, observing his client's distress as he 
surveyed the jurymen. 

"It looks pretty bad for me," said the. de- 
fendant, ''unless some steps are taken t 
dismiss that jury and get in a new lot. 
There ain't a man among 'em but what OW s 
me money for clothes." — Sketch. 

S. LI PPM AN 

Formerly with Marshall Field 
Co. of Chicago 

First Class Ladies' Tailor 
and Habit Maker 

Also Three-Piece Suits and Shirt 

Waists. Prices Moderate Work 

and Fit Guaranteed 

624 South Broadway Suite 301 

Over Painless Parker's 




Be Your Own Landlord 

For Details See 

BRA1NERD 

Houses, garages, schools, churches, hos- 
pitals, bunkhouse?, structures of every 
size, airtight and durable, built for most 
reasonable figures. 

Call and Inypccl Models. Fhone or write for Estimates 

H. J. BRAINERD, S07 Chamber of Commerce 

Home Phone A4740 



thane A 4359 




West... 
Brother s 



l^ Men's Tailors 



"Clothes Builders for 
Men Who Care" 

Deign, ta of exclusive styles 
Ladies' Gnimenls, Rid- 
ing Habllr. Etc. 



A Trial Order is Con- 
vincing. v& J& 




Suite 101-2 Henne Bids. 



1,2 W. Third St. 
Los Angeles, Cal. 



( I 



Honesty is Power 



> > 



Lack of business 
honesty is business 
suicide. Our desire 
is a reputation for 
reliability and fair- 
ness. 

See our diamonds, 
gold jewelry, watch- 
es, clocks, silver- 
ware, cut glass. 

BRIGUEN AND PEDERSON 

Manufacturing Jewelers 
507 fouth Spring St. Los Angeles 




1 


■■■ 


1 




Herbold & Lindsey 

Enterprise Trunk Factory 
F 3399 654 S. Spring St. 




1 




1 




Phone Home F 1796 Main 6 ISO 

M. Fredrickson 
Hair Co. 



H airdressir g 

Shampooing 

Manic urirg 

Hair Goods 



743 S. Broaduay, Lcs Argtks, Cc\ 



HIGH CLASS INVESTMENT 



MINES So FARISH 

REAL ESTATE AGENTS 
315 S.Hill Street 



Removed to 353 S. Mill Street 

RESIDENT AND BUSINESS PROPERTIES 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



TKe "Federal System" of City Government 

How It Worhs in Indianapolis and What Ex-Mayor Denny 

THinKs of It 



Centralization or power and re 
sponsibility in the mayor, the separa- 
tion of the three branches of govern- 
ment as in the federal system, the 
inevitable representation in the coun- 
cil of the minority party, and expedi- 
tious public works in spite of pro- 
tests — these are the main points of 
the instructive address of Judge Caleb 
S. Denny of Indianapolis before the 
City Club last Saturday. Judge Den- 
ny was twice Mayor of his city, and 
this, with his high reputation as a 
lawyer and judge give weight to his 
opinion of the ''federal system" of 
city government which Indianapolis 
has .adopted, and which he thinks 
could be beneficially incorporated in 
the charter of Los Angeles. 

In introducing his subject, the 
speaker took occasion to say of the 
chairman of the City Club that "the 
Bar of Indiana still bless the name 
of Judge Works for his book on 
Pleading and Practice, a book still 
constantly used and which I have 
never heard adversely criticized." 
Turning to the charter of Indiana- 
polis, Judge Denny's remarks were 
to the following effect: 



The Charter of Indianapolis 

Twenty years ago, when I was 
mayor for the first time, Indianapolis 
had a patchwork charter, or rather 
a mere collection of laws, very dif- 
ferent from the present charter. 
There was a common council and a 
board of aldermen, and committees 
from these practically controlled the 
city. The mayor had a little execu- 
tive power and was also judge of the 
police court. But committees of the 
council appointed the police, lire and 
street officials, city attorney, etc. 

That condition so unfavorably im- 
pressed our business people that they 
made up their minds to change it. In 
1891 a new charter was adopted, 
which in 1905 was superseded by a 
general charter law for the State. 
Under it the so-called "federal sys- 
tem" of Indianapolis was adopted 
and applied to all cities of the first 
to the fifth class. - Indianapolis is 
and will long remain the only city 
of the first class, and her charter 
comes nearer to embodying the fed- 
eral plan than any other city in the 
country; and Indiana is the foremost 
state in giving this plan to all cities 
and towns in the state. In my opin- 
ion this plan is the only proper one, 
concentrating as it does great power 
and responsibility in the mayor, and 
keeping the executive, legislative and 
judicial branches independent of each 
other. 

Under this system the most im- 
portant branch of the city govern- 
ment is the executive. The mayor is 
in almost absolute control, and on 
him is thrown almost all the respon- 



sibility. Aside from the council, 
there are only three officers elected 
by the people: the mayor, the clerk 
and the police judge, all for four 
years. The mayor appoints all other 
important officers, including four 
boards, and does not have to submit 
his appointments to the council. He 
appoints the three members of the 
Board of Public Works (only two be- 
ing of the same political party), the 
two members of the Board of Public 
Safety, Board of Health (two), Park 
■Commission (four); he also appoints 
the Controller, Corporatioa Counsel 
(City Attorney), and the City En- 
gineer. His boards appoint (usually 
with his knowledge and consent) 
their own subordinates. 

The judicial department is entirely 
independent of the mayor. 

So also is the legislative depart- 
ment, though not so distinctly, for 
there are some connections between 
the council, mayor, and, for instance, 
the Board of Public Works, which 
have concurrent power in granting 
franchises to and entering into con- 
tracts with public utilities corpora- 
tions. 

Also the council may act concur- 
rently with a board, as where the 
Board of Public Works begins im- 
provements against which affected 
property-owners file a protest, the 
council by a two-thirds vote may in- 
tervene, override the protest and 
cause the improvement to proceed. 

in general, however, the executive, 
legislative and judicial branches are 
independent. 

The council has as its chief func- 
tion the levy of taxes and appropria- 
tion of funds. Last winter a radical 
change was made in the council. 
Previously it had twenty-one mem- 
bers — one from each ward and six 
at large. After the election next 
month it will have, only nine mem- 
bers. The bill to this effect did not, 
when introduced, meet with favor, 
but in its progress the sentiment 
changed and it was allowed to pass, 
the people suspending judgment and 
giving it a chance for trial. 

A Peculiar Council 

The provisions of this law are pecu- 
liar and interesting. The various poli- 
tical parties may each nominate at 
the primaries (which are party pri- 
maries, pure and simple) a candidate 
for councilman from each of the city's 
six "districts." But all the voters 
throughout the city vote for nine 
men. This means that there are six 
Democratic nominees, six Republi- 
cans, and so on: six nominees for 
each party; one from each district, 
but all are candidates-at-large. Now 
when a Republican (for instance) has 
voted for the six Republican nomi- 
nees (as the average partisan voter 
would do) there" are three more can- 



didates to vote for. So he selects, 
from another party, or other parties, 
the seventh, eighth and ninth of his 
choice. 

You can readily see two unusual 
features of the council elected under 
this law. One is that it is possible 
for some district to be left without 
a representative — possibly, but not 
probably; and even if it turned out 
so, the at-large feature would prevent 
any unfairness. The other feature 
re that the council cannot by any 
chance be composed exclusively of 
members of a single political party; 
there are bound to be at least three 
of the party not in power in the city, 
and possibly more than three. This 
is the chief novel feature of the coun- 
cil. 

(Mr. Lissner asked the speaker: 
"Don't you think the party system a 
bad feature of your charter?" Judge 
Denny: "Theoretically, yes; but it 
works out without harm, I believe.") 
A Strong Mayor 

Now as to the mayor. People are 
likely to say that he has too much 
power and too much responsibility. 
It. is likely to seem so to the mayor, 
too. I, for one, felt the responsibility 
very seriously, under the charter of 
1891. The mayor is not only respon- 
sible for the acts of the four boards 
before mentioned, but for all the ap- 
pointees of those boards. It is not 
a plan universally approved, but I be- 
lieve it to be the only correct one in 
this age of great public works. 

It means that when a man is elect- 
ed mayor, all he has to do to keep 
out of trouble and be successful is to 
appoint honest and capable, men on 
his boards. If perchance anything 
goes wrong in spite of all his care, 
it is the easiest thing in the world for 
the mayor to obtain the public's par- 
don by removing the man or men 
who caused the trouble. I was one of 
the mayors who had to do that; I 
removed one whole board and one 
member of another board, with the 
approval of the people. 

This power of the mayor — absolute 
power — to appoint and remove, is the 
secret of- the success of the federal 
plan, the secret of the success of the 
mayor. I know it sounds dangerous 
— "one-man power." But it is the 
best plan, the only good plan, for a 
progressive city. 

Public Works 

As to public, improvements, con- 
ducted by the Board of Public Works. 
The charter of 190S provides that 
where a street (for instance) is to be 
improved, and an assessment district 
therefor is established, if anyone 
is dissatisfied with his assessment 
he has a right to appeal from the 
levy to the court. That is, he could 
file a complaint against the city. The 
court would immediately appoint 



three appraisers, who' within three 
days would report to the court the 
amount of benefit which would result 
to the plaintiff. If the appraisement 
fell 10% or more below that of the 
Board of Public Works, the court 
would award to the plaintiff a reduc- 
tion of his assessment and the city 
would have to pay the difference be- 
tween the original assessment and the 
one fixed by the court. This law was 
upheld by the supreme court. Under 
it a case is tried as any other issue 
is tried, the court deciding on the evi- 
dence. 

But there is very little tedious liti- 
gation arising out of improvements 
by- the Board of Public Works. The 
proceedings of the board are, further- • 
more, the most expeditious imagin- 
able, and one feature is especially 
commendable. The board can start, 
carry through and finish an improve- 
ment all within two months, notwith- 
standing any opposition of property 
owners. The work goes on in spite 
of protests, and the protest also may 
go on (by suit brought in court as 
already described) at the same time. 
The protesting property-owners are 
awarded damages (if really damaged 
or excessively assessed) but they can- 
not tie up the improvement proceed- 
ings. 

City and County Consolidation 

After a careful study of the federal 
system of municipal government I 
have tried to sketch for you, I made 
up my mind a few weeks ago that an- 
other improvement can be made in 
it — at least as applied to Indianapolis 
and the county of Marion. I corn- 
meed the improvement to you here 
also in case you ever wish to discuss 
a city-and-county government." 

Indianapolis covers more than a 
township; it covers a goodly portion 
of Marion county and contains about 
nine-tenths of the county's popula- 
tion, and more than nii»e-tenths of 
the assessed valuation. Therefore I 
think there is no sense in continuing 
two separate governments. 

The federal system can be applied 
to both the city and county just as 
well under one set of officers as un- 
der two. The two together can be 
better conducted by even a smaller 
number of officials than the city alone 
has today — better and much more 
economically. I know it can be done 
in Indianapolis and Marion County. 
I believe it can be done here. 

No Initiative Nor Recall 

There is no provision in Indiana- 
polis for the initiative, referendum or 
recall though they were discussed 
and strongly urged. The only pro- 
vision in the charter for removing an 
official is by impeachment — a harder 
system to make effective than yours 
here. The recall would work well 
with the federal system. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



*£& 



TKe ScKool Board Stands Fast 



<£ 



ry member of the Los A- 

I of Education will stand 
for re-election next December. This 
statement is authoritative, .mil tin- 
on of the members is deliberate 
■nd final. 

The point of view of each and all 
of the members may be expressed in 
the words of one of them: "We can't 
afford to spend another term on I lie- 
school hoard — but we cannot afford 
not to We have the good of the 
schools too much at heart to leave 
the fight at this juncture, just be- 
cause it takes a lot of our time. The 
bitterest enemy of the schools has 
to be thoroughly whipped before we 
quit." 

Every member of the present board 
is a man of irreproachable integrity, 



and a linn friend and backer of the 
superintendent of schools. Dr. I". C. 
Moore Every one is making a per- 
sonal sacrifice of time and money in 
giving himself generously to school 
business and to the study of school 
affairs. Hut they all feel that it 
would he in the nature of a selfish 
desertion to decline to run for an- 
other term, in view of the persistence 
of the attack made on the schools by 
the Times, moved by its vain hope 
of driving Dr. Moore out of the su- 
perintendency to gratify a private 
grudge. 

That they will have the support of 
the public is not to be doubted, since 
it has been the general wish, ever 
since the attack on the schools be- 
gan, that the present board would 



continue at the iron: of the fight n 

least until the school- are safe 

The members of the board fully 
expect that during the coming run 
paign tin- most contemptible methods 

will be used to cloud the issue and 
hide the real malefactor;* the] an 

markably serene, however, for they 
feel confident that the public, by a 
large majority, has ere this seen clear 
through the animus of the attack on 
Supt. Moore, which hurts nobody but 
the school children. They expect 
that very clever lies will be circulat- 
ed, with a great flourish of figures 
and talk about misapplication of 
funds — the old story — but they be- 
lieve the people arc not to be caught 
with that snare now, and will remem- 
ber how much has been accomplished 



for tii. 

superintend 

fhe decisis 1 to -land 

for re-election is. in fact, taki n i 

ly to lei I. ..s \ngi li : . . 
in this school mailer. It Los \u 
geles doesn't want the present man 
agement to continue, they say, why 
the remedy lies in d< fcal ing i hi ores 

cut incumbents at the polls i:, ; , i, 
I. os Angeles believes m them, they 

do not feel that they have the moral 
right to withdraw a* this time, while 
tile schools are in such peril. SO ham 

pered for lack of rooms and equip- 
ment, so much in danger of a much 
worse predicament, unless their one 
enemy and his followers arc crushed 
next December. 



A History of Library Lighting 



The Pacific Light and Power Co. 
was given a franchise to use the 
streets of this city, on the express 
written agreement embodied in the 
ordinance granting the franchise, that 
it would furnish light for the city 
library free of cost. 

This company furnished light free 
to the library while it was located in 
the City Hall but in 1906 the library 
was moved to a building on Hill 
street. 

Then the Library Board made a 
contract with the Edison Electric 
Co. to furnish light, for compensa- 
tion, in the new location, notwith- 
standing that the Pacific Light and 
Power Co. was bound to furnish this 
light free of cost. 

The city has complacently paid 
these lighting bills ever since, and 
as a result two or three thousand 
dollars of public fuyids have been 
wasted. 

Who is responsible for this? 

Here are the facts: 
March, 1906: Library Board made 
contract with Edison Electric Co. to 
furnish lights. 

May 10, 1907: Library Board 
asked City Attorney for opinion as 
to liability of Board for lighting 
bills. 

May 27, 1907: City Attorney ad- 
vised Library Board that it was 
liable for light furnished by Edison 
Co. but called attention to fact that 
Pacific Light & Power Co. could be 
required to furnish light free. 

June 26, 1907: Library Board in- 
formed Pacific Light & Power Co. 
by letter that after July 1st, 1907, 
amounts paid the Edison Co. would 
be charged to it. 

Nov. 29, 1907: Auditor 'Mushet re- 
fused to approve demand of Edison 
Electric Co. on ground that Pacific 



Light & Power Co. must furnish 
lights free of cost. 

Dec. Sth, 1907: Letter of Auditor 
Mushet referred to City Attorney by 
Library Board. 

Jan. 2, 1908: Library Board in- 
structed Librarian to notify Pacific 
Light & Power Co. to supply library 
at once under penalty of suit. 

Jan. 3, 1908: Librarian notified Pa- 
cific Light & Power Co. by letter to 
furnish free lights at once. 

Jan. 4, 1908: Auditor Mushet again 
refused to approve demands of Edi- 
son Co. for lighting library. 

Jan. 8th: Librarian wrote City At- 
torney asking what further steps 
should be taken to force Pacific 
Light & Power Co. to furnish light 
free. 

Feb. 4: Mr. Selig, representing 
Edison Co., appeared before Library 
Board and asked that his company 
be paid for lighting library. Board 
agreed and drew warrants. 

Feb. 27: Auditor Mushet again re- 
fused to audit Edison Co.'s bills. 

Mar. 4: Library Board passed 
Edison Co.'s demands over Mushet's 
disapproval, and same were paid. 

July 6: Auditor Mushet again re- 
fused to approve Edison .Co.'s bills, 
on same ground. 

August 12: Librarian, under in- 
struction by Board, wrote City At- 
torney requesting him to bring suit 
to compel Pacific Light & Power Co. 
to furnish lights, and to recover 
amounts paid Edison Co. 

Dec. 1: Librarian under instruction 
by Board wrote City Attorney re- 
peating request contained in letter 
of Aug. 12, 1908. 

Jan. 9, 1909: City Attorney advised 
Library Board by letter that the 
Council had not made demand on the 
Pacific Light & Power Co. for lights 



and therefore they were not liable 
for lights furnished by another com- 
pany. Also advised Board to request 
Council to make demand on Pacific 
Light & Power Co. for lights. 

Jan. 19: Board requested Council 
to make demand as advised by City 
Attorney. 

Jan. 26: Council adopted resolu- 
tion making demand on Pacific Pow- 
er Co. for lights. 

Feb. 2: Librarian wrote Presidenx 
Pacific Light & Power Co. appealing 
to him to furnish lights to Library. 

Feb. 6: Secretary of President of 
Pacific Light & Power Co. wrote Li- 
brarian that President was in East 
and matter would be considered on 
his return. 

The above is an illustration of one 
of the ways in which public money 
is frittered away. 

In this case it took over two years 

and several thousands of dollars to 

determine that the Council should 

make the demand for lights and to 

- have such demand made. 

It is proper to state that Mayor 
Alexander made a vigorous investi- 
gation of this matter, found a flaw 
in the resolution of Council, pre- 
sented the matter to the City Attor- 
ney, had a proper resolution adopted 
by Council and a legal notice there- 
of served on the .Pacific Light and 
Power Co. 



THE PANAMA CANAL 

A recent book in the Columbus 
Memorial Library, "The Panama 
Canal and Its Makers," by Vaughan 
Cornish, Little Brown & Co., 1909, 
should be read and digested by those 
who wish to learn the true status on 
the Isthmus and the far-reaching con- 
sequences of the great new water- 
way. The book is thoroughly Eng- 
lish, but for that very reason is of 
added, value because it gives not only 
the information supplied by the Canal 
Commission in the United States and 
the opinions current here, but also 
the European idea of the canal as an 
influence upon international com- 



merce, as well as the competitive fac- 
tors by which this commerce will be 
modified. 

Doctot Cornish speaks of the 
healthy condition .on the Isthmus as 
a triumph of science and despotic 
government combined, and intensifies 
the statement by showing how this 
object-lesson has forever abolished 
the tradition that the tropics are 
death-traps for the Anglo-Saxons. 

The description of the construction 
by which the high-level canal will be 
accomplished is the clearest that has 
been written. — From Bulletin of the 
Bureau of American Republics. 

CITY CLUB SPEAKER TODAY 

James D. Schuyler, consulting and 
hydraulic engineer, who was a mem- 
ber of the Board of Engineers ap- 
pointed by President Roosevelt to 
visit and make a report upon the 
Panama Canal, will address the City- 
Club at the regular weekly luncheon 
today at Hotel Westminster. Mr. 
Schuyler's subject will be: "The 
Panama Canal." 



THE OTHER AMERICANS 

Twenty republics, varying in size 
from Brazil, which is larger than the 
United States proper, to Salvador, 
which would take in Rhode Island 
six times over, having a combined 
population of over 70,000,000 and a 
foreign commerce of more than $2,- 
000,000,OCO per annum — are going 
ahead so rapidly that no man can 
safely prophesy the limit of what 
they will accomplish during the next 
ten years. Gifted with a variety of 
climates and resources, provided with 
vast navigable river systems and a 
long extent of accessible coast line, 
supplying numerous important prod- 
ucts which the rest of the world must 
purchase, possessing a people of deep 
sympathies and high intellectuality 
based on an old and worthy civiliza- 
tion — they all challenge our best 
study and keenest appreciation. — 
From an article by the Hon. John 
Barrett in the Bulletin of the Geo- 
graphical Society of Philadelphia. 



PACIFIC OUTLODK 



Gift of Future Importance 

Thomson's Donat on of $50,000 to Harvard Univer- 
sity Discussed From Broad "Viewpoint 



=<■» By Robert D. Jenks, Philadelphia, Class '97. cs- : 



Announcement that Frank Graham 
Thomson, of Philadelphia, has prom- 
ised $50,000 to Harvard University, 
payable in yearly installments of Five 
Thousand Dollars, for additional in- 
struction in municipal government, is 
of deeper interest to every friend and 
advocate of clean politics and of effi- 
cient administration of public affairs, 
especially in our cities, than it is to 
the university most directly benefited. 

Nothing has been more vividly 
demonstrated during the contests 
waged within the last decade for de- 
cent municipal government than that 
the first requisite to permanent suc- 
cess is a development of political 
leaders in whose knowledge and dis- 
cretion, as well as in whose integrity, 
the people at large will have con- 
fidence. Such men arouse enthusiasm 
for their cause and control votes for 
their party because they can always 
prove by resort to demonstrated facts 
that they are right in their conclu- 
sions. 

A striking example of this, even in 
an extremely technical issue, is to be 
found in the successful appeal to the 
people of the country by President 
Roosevelt, in his contest to obtain 
adequate power for the Interstate 
Commerce Commission to regulate 
railroad rates and to prevent unjust 
discriminations by transfer companies. 

Frank Thomson's gift means two 
results of great moment to the wel- 
fare of the Republic. 

First. By it he has entrusted to 
Harvard University the privilege of 
giving to this country young men well 
fitted by the special training and edu- 
cation which Thomson's generosity 
will provide to be leaders of public 
thought in our cities, l'arge and small. 
Whether as investigators, critically 
examining the actual conduct of 
municipal affairs, or as managers of 
political parties, ever alert to present 
advanced ideas for popular considera- 
tion, or as office-holders charged with 
the responsibility of constructive 
work in the development of our cities 
— these men, because of their knowl- 
edge, will possess great power. That 
the authority and influence, which will 
inevitably result from such power, 
will be wielded with the single aim of 
the public good, is a hope well justi- 
fied by the record of many Harvard 
graduates who have in the past dem- 
onstrated by their public work that 
they well realize the responsibility 
resting upon them to be of service to 
their fellow-men — a responsibility so 
succinctly summed up by President 
Eliot, in an address to the students, 
which closed with the following 
words: 

"When you were admitted co Har- 



vard University you became mem- 
bers of an ancient society which has 
always been distinguished by a ration- 
al, discriminating, deep-seated and 
ardent love of country and of liberty. 
I need not exhort you to be true to 
the traditional spirit of this place." 

Second. By this gift a great con- 
tribution has been made to the cause 
of decent government, not only in our 
cities, but also throughout the coun- 
try. Everyone who has taken any 
active part, in the movement for hon- 
est politics and for the efficient ad- 
ministration of public offices has been 
struck time and again with the dis- 
couraging lack of interest in political 
questions on the part of most college 
graduates and with the fact that, in 
the main, their inertia to participate 
in political campaigns or in solving 
the questions of municipal administra- 
tion is due mainly to woeful igno- 
rance, not only of present conditions, 
but also of our past stimulating his- 
tory. 

As a result of the widening of the 
Harvard courses, made possible by 
Thomson's broad-minded provision 
for the future, large numbers of col- 
lege men will undoubtedly receive at 
least elementary instruction in the 
practical conduct of public affairs. 
Their knowledge thus acquired, 
limited thought it may be in many 
cases, nevertheless, will stimulate all 
these men to be keenly interested in 
the welfare of their country, to appre- 
ciate the work of the trained leaders 
and to support their efforts financially 
and by their votes. As Dean Briggs, 
of Harvard, has well said, "A college 
stands for learning, for culture and 
for power — in particular, for the 
recognition of an aim higher than 
money getting. It is a place where 
our young men shall see visions, 
where even the idlest and lowest man 
of all must catch glimpses of ideals 
which, if he could see them steadily, 
would transfigure life." , 

With this spirit pervading the Uni- 
versity and with the insight given to 
the students by the instruction fur- 
nished through the Thomson founda- 
tion, we may rest assured that more 
and more college graduates will be 
ready to join with those now in the 
field in rendering loyal and devoted 
public service. 

No gift for public purposes- within 
the last ('*cade will prove more fruit- 
ful of results than this one of a man 
still young in years. 

To him, his Alma Mater and his 
country, alike, owe _a debt of grati- 
tude, for by his generosity he has 
given to the former an exceptional 
opportunity for service for the public 
good and to the latter the prospect 
of speedy relief from the corruption 
in our city life, through the skilled ef- 
forts of men ready to consecrate their 
best efforts to .improving political 
conditions. 



Reactionary Cannon 

Hon. Joseph- Cannon, speaker of 
the House of Representatives, spoke 
at a recent banquet in New York 
where the general topic was "City 
Planning". His subject was "Legis- 
lation and City Planning." The en- 
lire wall space of the banquet room 
was covered with photographs, maps, 
and charts illustrating the dangers of 
congestion, how it spreads disease; 
experiments in the construction of 
sanitary houses at low rental; ar- 
rangement of buildings and streets 
to insure air and sunlight; .the neces- 
sity of parks and playgrounds and 
centers of wholesome . entertain- 
ment. 

But Speaker Cannon offered no 
help in the way of legislation or 
moral support for the movement to 
.provide for the rapidly increasing 
population of our great cities. In- 
stead he denounced the President's 
Homes Commission, which investi- 
gated and reported conditions in the 
city of Washington. He said if city 
people did not like the country thej 
should remember they could not 
leep their cake and eat it too; tlpt 
charity associations should be ' care- 
ful not to do too much for the poor; 
they needed to learn to be independ- 
ent and needed no help from any 
one; and he told how they did things 
in Danville. What he said was trom 
the standpoint of one who well u>. 
derstands the standards of the 
smaller town and the country, but 
who is not in sympathy with condi- 
tions of society outside of his experi- 
ence; who cannot see that the vic- 
tims of congestion are as helpless to 
escape unaided from their environ- 
ment as though surrounded by pris- 
on walls, and who has not the visioi 
to see the relation of these dangerou.' 
centers to the whole 'body politic. 

One dty-bred man who sat across 
the table from me could not under- 
stand what the speaker was driving 
at; another one near by kept remark- 
ing, "He is five hundred years be- 
hind the times." One woman was 
impatient that any one so out of 
sympathy with the purpose of the 
convention should have been invited 
to address it, while another declared 
she could now understand the feeling 
of the insurgents. — From La Fol- 
lette's Magazine. 



There are four States wnere women 
have the same political rights as men. 
They are Colorado, Idaho, Utah and 
Wyoming. 

The right to vote on some or all 
school questions is granted to women 
in Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, 
Delaware, Florida, Iowa, Illinois, 
Idaho, Kentucky, Kansas, Michigan. 
Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississip- 
pi. Montana, Nebraska, New Hamp- 
shire. New Jersey, New York, North 
Dakota. Oklahoma, Ohio. Utah, South 
Dakota, Vermont, Wyoming and Wis- 
consin. 

In Great Britain equal suffrage pre- 
vails in all matters excepting elections 
to Parliament. Full suffrage is 
granted women in Australia, New- 
Zealand, the Isle of Man, Finland and 
Norway. 



Outlawing the Liquor 1 
Traffic 

Sawtelle, Cal u _ July 25, 1909. 
Editor of Pacific Outlook: 

In your fast issue,- near the close of 
an editorial entitled 'The New Basis 
of Hope," to the question asked 
"What is the First Step in This. Great 
Program," the answer is, "Good gov- 
ernment — the government o; the na- 
tion, state, county, and city must be 
wrested from the special interests 
that now control them and given over 
,to the people." 

There are localities where corrup- 
" tion so rules the people that any de- 
liverance attained must come from 
without, but the city of Los Angeles 
is not one of them. If the represen- 
tatives of social order, laying aside 
partisan considerations, will unite 
their efforts at the ballot-box, the 
city can be wholly relieved from the 
domination of political demagogues 
and become as distinguished for its 
ftrbral and i plitical excellence as it 
is, for its financial energy and thrift. 

That the city, possesses the moral 
r.nd political ability to attain such 
distinction, is evidenced on the one 
hand by its late success in recalling 
an unworthy mayor. On [lie other 
hand it is evidenced by the fact that 
the brewers and distillers felt com- 
pelled to resort to forgery and per- 
jury in order to secure an extension 
oi the liquor-selling zone. But docs 
rot the dynamiting of the homes and 
assassinations by the liquor power, 
of those who seek to shield society 
from the debauchery visited upon i* 
ly the poison drink-traffic, as also 
the forgery and perjury by which 
your city has lately been disgraced — 
prove that good government can 
never be fully attained in nation, 
state, county or city, until this tru.Vc 
of death is everywhere outlawed? 
Yours for civic justice, 

S. W. TAFT. 



Miss Strong is the leader of the 
movement among the women of Se- 
attle to know their home city. These 
women express themselves as deter 
mined to learn all that it is possible 
to know about Seattle — not only the 
statistics but the things going on 
about them, such as how poor peo- 
ple work, the wages paid the women, 
the kindergartens, the playgrounds, 
and every other point touching the 
welfare of the city and its inhabitants. 
They have divided themselves into 
committees, each of which is required 
to undertake personally to investigate 
a given- field and to make a report 
giving the result of its investigations. 



The London zoo is "the latest scene 
of the American invasion. Fifty-one 
-snakes have just arrived from New 
York and to. accommodate them an 
entire rearrangement of all the snake 
dens at the zoo has been necessary. 
The American snakes arc one of the 
most interesting consignments which 
have ever arrived at the London zoo. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

An indexed review oi all action by Council, Board of Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or ol general interct. Record closes Wednesday night. 



Public Worh by Streets 

Second: 

\l. T Holcomb for cross-walk- 
Pub U ks. 

Fifth ir..m Mot) 245 it westerly; 
d for improvement. 

Twelfth from Main to Figui 
in.il ord. passed for improvement. 

Fourteenth from Valencia to B 
final d for improvement. 

25th corner Cimarron; electric light 
ordered pla 

Thirty-sixth Flace from Vermont 
to N'ormandie; $4600 ordered trans 
ferred to St. Dept. fund, to pay the 
city's 50 per cent -hare in improv- 
ing under Bond Act. 

Fortieth Flace from Walton to 
Normaridie; request of Maria Copp el 
al.,- for repair ami oiling of street 
left in bad condition after laying gas 
and water mains; ref. to Inspector oi 
Pub. Wks. 

Fortieth Place from Moneta to Fig- 
ueroa; request W. T. Huffman et al., 
inkling; rcf to Inspector. 

Acacia St.; final ord. passed for 
sewer. 

Adams from Hoover to Vermont; 
paving contractors ordered to hasten 
work. 

Alameda corner Main; electric light 
ordered placed. 

Alley in lilk. bounded by W. 20tii 
-... Aubrey, 22nd and Vermont; pe, 
pi Will Salter et al.. for vacation. 
:ei. to I'd Pub. Wks. to confer with 
property owners. 

Alley between 7th and 8th from 



Hill to Olive, pet of II. \V. Tlnim Co. 
for paving", under bond act; granted 
and ref. foi 

Alley between lot 21, Amej Tr and 
lot -'4. Griffc's l'i . and opening into 
Amey st.; petition for vacating ref. 
to Engineeri 

A.T.ey St.; see alley. 

Ascct fn 'in 51st to nal ord. 

passed for improvement, 

Avalon from Preston to Echo Park 
avc ; final ord passed for improve- 
ment. 

Commercial street; pet. of Marco 
H. llellman et al., for spur track 
along Commercial across Ducommuit 
and Lafayette; ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 
to pi:l>. and post notices, and pet. 
-et for hearing Aug. 10 at 11 a. m. 

Cirsrron corner 25th; electric light 
ordered placed 

Bridge from lirookiyn to Pleasant; 
final ord. passed for improvement. 

Brooklyn from 103 ft. easterly of 
Gallardo, and from Vosemite to 
Bridge; final ord. passed for improve- 
ment. 

Commercial from Alameda St. to 
Srnta Fc rt-of-way; petition of John 
Kahn et al., for paving, grantee! and 
referred to Engineer for ord. 

D.commun St.; see Commercial St. 

Tvergreen from Michigan to Wa- 
bash; pet. of C. H. Anderson et al., 
for improvement, granted and ref. to 
Engineer for ord. 

Gallardo from Macy to 145 ft. 
norm; final ord. passed for improve- 
ment. \\$, 

Helen Street; pet. of Th. West et 



al . for change of name to Ridge Way; 
rcf to Mr Clampitt. 

Hobson Street; pet of R S G I 

Ol name to 
Mariposa Street; ref, to Mi Pea 

Hollenbeck ave; pet. of P. F. Sul 
Wan fot Opening on m vv lines from 

i pomi i,< ; xv , en Rii i V ista st. and 
the river; ref to Engineer. 

Lafayette St.; see Commercial St. 

Lanfranco from Euclid to Ezra; 
linal ord. passed for improvement. 

Le Grande from its easterly end 
lo the river, and from its westerly 
end into 8th st.; request for opening 
ref. to Engineer. 

Macy east of of Gallardo; final ord. 
passed for improvement. 

Magdalena from Elmyra to kail- 
road; final ord. passed for v.-u ating a 
portion thereof. 

Main from the river to Wilhardt 
st.; ord. of intention passed for wid- 
ening' so as to take out the curve 
at the approach to the railway tracks 
and new bridge. 

Main, corner Second; Rowland and 
Prcuss ordered to construct sidewalk. 

Main from 3d to 6th; final ord. 
passed for storm drain. 

Main corner Alameda; electric light 
ordered placed. 

Maripcsa street, see Hobson street. 

Marmion Way; Engineer instructed 
to make plans for storm drain. 

Fark Terrace from Joplin to Look- 
out; final ord. passed for improve- 
ment:. 

Prospect Fl. from Brooklyn to 



THE BUILDINQ RECORD 

OF LOS ANGELES 
FOR .2.1 YEARS 

ACCORDING TO THE ESTIMATED VALUATION 
OF THE INSPECTOR. OF BUILDINSS. 



i /109 xJLl, o*u*~cj.a£ AJLC*n-cC a**,cU*C Jfov. SO ; 

*.r**XMA unn<A.c>t *n^a^J ( £>_ 



|l / H*,'W| 



1, 610, oof 
| l,feU,o»o~"f 



Z,f0l,it7 | 



3,1IO,1l>1 






i, 7 scon 



2, S3+.OS-Z 

| z,in,ns \ 



2,117, 737 



i,*%i,oo(> 



H-.olf.nS 



•<? 3 

'f* 

•f s 

•lb 
'11 

>q% 
'1-1 

i q oo 
'o i 



%,1tl,1T* 



•0 2 



I 3, / 7.T, ** 4> 



■0 i 



Pennsylvania; final ord. passed 

improv mi 

Railroad from 
w'ly ; final ord. passed for vacating a 

ion tin rcl if 

Reno between Kldorado and HoOV 

er; lot 15. blk 4. of Diamond Street 
Tr., ordered advertised for sale, at 
request of hire Commission. 

Ridge Way; see Helen Street. 

San Fernando, opp. No, 843; re- 
quest of Florislon Pulp & Paper Co. 
et al.. that railway co. he required 
hi remove track or brine il tO grade. 

ref. to inspector Pub, \\ ks, 

San Fernando north of BellevUC 
avenue or Sunset Blvd ; 1. A Ry Co 
ordered to pave. 

Spring St.; Postal Telegraph-Cable 
Co. ordered to hasten excavating and 
repair of street. 

St. John corner St. Clair; electric 
light ordered placed. 

St. Clair corner St. John; electric 
light ordered placed. 

Sunset Park; pet. of O. E. Farish 
et al., for extension of boundaries by 
acquiring lots bounded by Common- 
wealth avenue, 6th st. and Shatto 
Drive; granted and ref. to City Atty. 
for ordinance .and district to pay cost 
estab. bounded east by Carondelet st.. 
n. by 1st St., s. by 9th St. and w. by 
city boundary. 

Thomas from Harbee to Mission; 
final ord. passed for improvement. 

Union ave.; final ord. passed for 
sewer. 

Utah St. statement from W. S. 
Creighton that house on lot 83, T.e- 



I Z.tl l,*TI 



I 



5, b IS, ol 3 



&,J0 2.,¥ It 



I l, SSI, IS* 



'°7 



TT 



f, lobl.TH' 



6 



ZET 



_J 



7 (nun\th* o>\£^y 6 , X * 7, f ? / 



T& L/**-tLf io.'otf 



an piled by H. I'- Earlc. figures furnished by Mr. Mark C. Colin. Chi f Clerk Dept. of Buildings 



10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



onis Tr., projects into street; ref. to 
Inspector Pub. Wks. 

Western from Washington to Pico; 
request J. H. Adams Co. for more 
sprinkling or oiling, ref. to Inspector 
Pub. Wks. 

Wilshire Blvd. teaming; pet. of 
Union Ice Co. et al., for permission 
to withdraw pet. filed June 21; 
granted. 

Metz tract; City Engineer in- 
structed to make plans for storm 
drain for water accumulating above 
Pasadena avenue, to convey it to the 
arroyo. 

General Legislation 

Aqueduct; bids to be rec'd Aug. 6 
for an air compressor; contracts made 
for tunnel-car wheels, etc> with 
Lllewellyn and with Keystone Iron 
Works. Petition of 81 employes for 
better food ref. to Advisory Commit- 
tee, Bureau of L. A. Aqueduct. 

Barber shops; petition forord. li- 
censing, etc., filed, and committee' ap- 
pointed to confer with the barbers' 
committees and City Attorney, in pre- 
paring an ord. as pet. for. 

Board of Health; pel. for $500 for 
emergency supplies ref. to Finance 
Com. (see Report of the board in 'an- 
other column). 

Cement; bid of F. H. Powell ac- 
cepted; Golden Gate, at $2.07}4 per 
bbl. net f. o. b. warehouse. 

Crowing roosters; pet. of Mary 
Bradford for legislation abating the 
nuisance, ref. to Mr. Clampitt. 

-Dogs, see S.- P. C A. and Humane 
Animal League. 

Emmanuel German Evang. church, 
Moneta Place, lot 46; tax refund re- 
quest ref. to Assessor. 

Exploration for prehistoric relics; 
$500 appropriated to the Zoological 
Section of the Academy of Sciences, 
to aid the work, of excavating in as- 
phalt deposits for bones of prehistoric 
animals. 

Fire Dept.; request for a black- 
smith helper ref. to Finance Com. 
Request that lot 15, blk 4, Diamond 
St. Tr. on Reno st. between Eldorado 
and Hoover, be advertised for sale, 
a more suitable site for engine house 
in that vicinity being desired; granted. 
Request for $5 increase for every 
member of dept. now receiving $90 
or less, ref. to Finance Com. Hudson 
& Mundell, architects, ordered paid 
$2523 for plans, etc.* for engine house 
on lot 1, blk A, Rivera and Vignolo 
Tr. 

Humane Animal League; Council 
resolved not to act on petition of 
League for new contract, until the 
court acts on the order restraining 
the city from paying demands of the 
League. The City Attorney was in- 
structed' to draw an ordinance pro- 
viding for a commission of three to 
be appointed by the mayor and ap- 
proved by the Council, to regulate 
dog-licensing and impounding, acting 
without compensation, the city pay- 
ing expenses of dog.-pound and col- 
lecting dead animals. 

Junk dealers, permitted to do busi- 
ness without permits pending printing 
of forms. 
League of American Municipalities; 



invitation from the League to send 
delegates to its 13th annual conven- 
tion at Montreal, Aug. 25-27; filed. 

License collection; the hearing con- 
tinued Monday; Geo. I. Kraemer, 
Peter' H. Berry, S. Bedney, W. Bar- 
nett, E. B. Lovie, W. C. Mushet, L. A. 
Babbett, Elmer Worth, E. E. Camp- 
bell and James N. Simmons were ex- 
amined. Mr. Healy moved prepara- 
tion of an ordinance by which two of 
the six inspectors or collectors, now 
in the Tax Collector's office, shall be 
employed as "clerks" and the other 
four as "license inspectors." The 
motion was adopted, Messrs. Wallace, 
Wren and Pease voting against it. 
Mr. Wren's motion to amend so that 
four inspectors be transferred to the 
Police Department, was lost by. the 
following vote: Ayes, Messrs. Drom- 
gold, Wallace, Wren and Pease; Noes, 
Messrs. Blanchard, Clampitt, Healy 
and Yonkin. 

Mayflower Cong. Church; pet. for 
cancellation of tax sale, ref to As- 
sessor. 

Oil-well cables; oil inspector asks 
Council to take action; ref. to Mr. 
Clampitt. (See Oil Inspector's re- 
port in another column.) 

M. H. Sherman, member of Board 
of water commissioners; the Council 
refused to consent to the Mayor's re- 
moval, and instructed the City At- 
torney to bring quo warranto pro- 
ceedings to ascertain the status of 
Gen. Sherman on the board. 

Sidewalk for bridge on Macy street 
across Arroyo de los Pozos; bids ad- 
vertised for. 

S. P. C. A. dog proposition; com- 
munication from Society for Preven- 
tion of Cruelty to Animals proposing 
contract with city to maintain pound 
at 47y 2 per cent of dog license fees, 
and all fees for animals impounded; 
taken under advisement. See Humane 
Animal League. 

Spur track, see Commercial street. 



Building Permits 

From July 1 to July 23, 452 build- 
ing permits were issued, amounting 
to $784,670, as follows: Class A, re- 
inforced concrete, 1 two-story build- 
ing, $15,000. Class C, brick, 11 one- 
story, 3 two-story,. 2- three-story, and 
1 five-story— total 17— $163,525. Class 
D, frame: 205 one-story, 17 one-and- 
a-half-story, 31 two-story and 2 
- three-story— total 255— $395,549. 35 
sheds, $2935; two foundations, $8,- 
000; 21 brick alterations, $61,905; 118 
frame alterations, $37,406; and 3 de- 
molitions, $350; — total miscellaneous, 
$110,596. Grand total, $784,670. The 
amount involved is 68% of that for 
the same period of last year, $1,155,- 
933. The amounts by wards for this 
year are: 1st, $55,946; 2d, $27,285; 3d, 
$147,716; 4th", $97,418; 5th, $239,075; 
6th, $67,412; 7th, $54,859; 8th, $62, 080; 
9th, $32,879. 

A diagram showing the building 
valuations for 21 years is published in 
another column of this issue. 



"It seems imperative to the Board 
of Health that this department should 
be given $500 to be spent for the pur- 
chasing of emergency supplies. 

"At present there are no funds 
available for this and the system of 
buying supplies for emergencies is so 
".umbersome and distasteful to mer- 
chants that we understand in several 
cases they have refused to deliver 
goods, as they claim a long time 
elapses before they receive their 
money for same. 

"The department was hampered 
and their work delayed some time in 
the bacteriological examination of 
milk, for the lack of proper utensils 
for the collection of same; and only 
recently, when diphtheria occurred 
in one of the institutions of the city, 
our department was again hampered 
with not having proper materials at 
hand for culture tubes. 

"In view of these and other in- 
stances that have occurred, we re- 
spectfully ask your body to apportion 
us $500 to be used for supplying the 
department in case of emergency." 

The rest of the report pertains to 
a request for more room, and for two 
automobiles for inspection service. 
The report was referred to the Fin- 
ance Committee to be taken up with 
the budget. 



Oil Inspector's Report 

"To the Hon. City Council — Your 
attention is respectfully called to a 
large number of oil-well cables, being 
maintained over and across public 
streets and places, for which, permits 
have not been granted, or in case 
of permits being granted no records 
of same are to be found. Of these 
cables a large number were erected 
in the early-day oil development and 
before the department of oil inspec- 
tion was under the present manage- 
ment. I am constantly receiving 
complaints from those who are op- 
posed to the oil-wells 'being longer 
maintained within the city, to remove 
these cables on the grounds they are 
being maintained in violation of the 
city ordinance. 

"For reasons above stated, this I 
cannot possibly do. I would there- 
fore recommend such action be taken 
on your part, to the end that such 
cables as are now being maintained, 
in accordance with the provisions of 
that section of the ordinance govern- 
ing the construction of oil-well 
cables, be given a definite legal 
standing." 



Report of Board of Health 

The following communication was 
sent to the Council last week by the 
Board of Health :- 



Street Car Accidents 

From June 15 to June 30 there 
were 113 accidents on street cars in 
the city, according to the reports of 
the various companies. These in- 
volved four persons killed; 32 "in- 
jured" and 45 "slightly injured." Two 
horses were hurt, and in 57 cases 
vehicles were damaged. 

Street Obstructions 

The policy of several public utili- 
ties corporations of delaying the 
completion and filling up of excava- 
tions in downtown streets until 
driven to it by the Board of Public 
Works, causes many dangerous ob- 



structions for which there seems to 
be no legitimate cause. 

These corporations, when remon- 
strated with by the board or the in- 
spector almost -invariably try to evade 
the blame by answering that the 
fault is that of the contractor. The 
policy of many contractors, as is 
well known, is to hold several dif- 
ferent jobs by making a pretense of 
work on each, and little progress on_ 
any. The well-established doctrine 
that the principal is responsible for 
the acts of the agent (in this case the 
contractors) is quite ignored by the 
dilatory corporations 

The ordinance pertaining to ex- 
cavations says, Section 7, that 

"After such excavation is com- 
menced, die work of making and re- 
filling the same shall be prosecuted 
with due diligence, and so as not to 
obstruct the street . . . more 
than is actually necessary therefor"; 
and goes on to direct the Board of 
Public Works to give five days' no- 
tice to "proceed with the diligent 
prosecution" of the work; and if such 
notice is not complied with, the 
board "shall do such work as may be 
necessary to refill such excavation" 
and restore the street to use. 

What is "due diligence"? In vari- 
ous cases only one or two men are 
to be seen on the job, where a gang 
of men could easily find room to 
work. "Due diligence" might also 
require night work in congested dis- 
tricts, but very frequently none is 
done. 

The requirement of "five days" 
within which to comply with notice 
to "proceed with diligent prosecu- 
tion" is considered by the board as a 
reasonable one in the case of exca- 
vations by private enterprise in out- 
lying portions of the city. But five 
days inactivity on such streets as 
Spring, Main, Blroadway and their 
down-town cross streets, is a serious 
delay from the point of view of the 
public. 

The nuisance is so serious that the 
(board is thinking of requesting an 
amendment to the ordinance short- 
ening the time allowed after notice. 
But this would so often result in 
hardship to private enterprises off the 
principal business streets, that the 
board is reluctant to take that step. 
To avoid an injustice in the case of 
private excavations on residence 
streets and isolated localities, the 
board is endeavoring to make the 
dilatory corporations cooperate with 
the city in a public-spirited way, and 
as an illustration of its latest attitude 
the following letter is an example: 

Company, Gentlemen: At a 

meeting of the Board ' of Public 

Works held the attention of 

the Board was directed by the In- 
spector of Public Works to the fact 
that in excavations which your com- 
pany are causing to be made on 
Spring street you have not a suffi- 
cient force to conduct the same and 
restore the surface of the street to its 
proper condition with due diligence. 
It appears that only one bricklayer 
and only one cement man is being 
employed, which results in your ex- 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



11 



with ihc 
cling public. 
I w 

in the opinion of mail 

streets "i 1 1 » t — character n 

n. ^'< >nr atten- 

i " of lii 

cavation Ordinance a which 

with encli 

1 was further directed to say that 
unless more consideration is given 
the rights of persons using the 

- in the congested districl 
Board will feel compelled to formu- 
late an ordinance which will impose 
greater hardships on persons, firm- 
or corporations than those prescribed 
in the ordinance now in force 
Board of Public Warl ot care 

to do this unless required. They 
trust your immediate attention will 
.n this matter. 
Respectfully yours, 
HORACE B. FERRIS, Sec'y. 

If the companies fail to respond 
to this very moderate demand, there 
will he some action taken by the 
board, in spite of hesitancy to ask 
for an amendment to the ordinance 
that would he severe in many cases. 
It has been suggested that a down 
town district be designated in which, 
say, one day's notice would be given. 
This would get after the corpora- 
tions that have to be continually 
driven to their duty, without inter- 
ing with others. 

It is fair to add that some of the 
companies always do their best to 
clean up and get out of the way as 
fast as possible. 



Mayor Says Courage is 
Needed 



Worcester's Chief Magistrate Defines 
His Idea of a Good Citizen. 



Last winter when William Jennings 
Bryan was here, says the Binghamp- 
ton, N. Y., Press, he attended an in- 
formal reception, for men only. 'He 
had told a number of clean, witty 
stories, when suddenly a man, a stran- 
ger, edged through the crowd and 
began to joke with Mir. Bryan. 
Nothing was thought of this, as it was 
a game of conversational give and 
take. Suddenly from the lips of the 
stranger there fell a single coarse re- 
mark. 

The iCommoner's jaw set like a steel 
trap, and bis eyes snapped. The 
stranger was quickly hustled out of 
the room. 

"He was a stranger, Mr. Bryan," 
said one present, "and had no busi- 
ness here. We beg your pardon for 
this occurrence." 

"Never mind me," said Mr. Bryan, 
his eyes softening. "The man's ill- 
judged remark did me no harm, and 
I know he had no business here, but" 
— pointing to a lad of fifteen years, 
who was watching the scene and wait 
ing for a handshake — "it was not just 
'the sort of speech for the laddie to 
hear." 



Mayor James Logan, whose admin- 
istration is regarded as one of the 
iii"-: I Worcester has 

had, has been an active worker in the 
government for many 
years. He is a member of the Na- 
tional Municipal League. 

rio« the Mayor of Worcester re- 
the prominent citizen in politics 

m bis inaugural mes- 
to O luncil, and hi- \ iew - upon 
ubjeel arc not altogether local in 
interest, Said Mayor Logan: 

"The great peril of this country i- 
not tlie active political interest of the 
foreigner, but the indifference and 
i of tlie native-born citizen. 
The danger is not from the man who 
has been forced from his native land 
across the sea, but from the indiffer- 
ence of the man who fails to realize 
his debt of obligation for blessings 
which have been handed down to him 
as a heritage, purchased at a fearful 
cost. 

"\\ e must not think that our only 
danger comes from the ignor.ant and 
vicious classes, for if we do, we de- 
ceive ourselves. The prominent citi- 
zen, the business man in politics, is 
often one of the toughest propositions 
under present conditions. He is the 
man who approaches the appointing 
power and intercedes to have a notori- 
ously unlit man appointed to office. 

"The prominent citizen often is the 
man who signs the petition to grant a 
license to this or that man to keep a 
saloon, so that he can have a tenant 
for his store, regardless of how dis- 
reputable a joint the tenant may keep. 
He signs petitions without number to 
have this or that thing done, and 
kicks when the government does just 
what he asked to have done. But, 
wdien petitions were presented to him 
for his signature he was lacking the 
courage to say 'No,' and he is the 
man who is to blame when our repre- 
sentatives in the City Hall or State 
House do what the petition told them 
their constituents desired done. 

"I submit that it is not fair, or just, 
or honest, to dodge a plain duty in 
this way, to ask your servants to do 
what you do not really think ought 
to be done, and thus throw the re- 
sponsibility on other men with the 
hope that they will have the 'nerve' to 
stand out in the open and do what 
you do not dare to do yourself pri- 
vatelv." 



The Father — "Dora, don't you think 
it's past bedtime?" The Daughter 
(entertaining a caller) — "Yes, indeed, 
papa. What's keeping you Tip?"i — 
•Cleveland Leader. 



Ambassador Hill, who was on Em- 
peror William's racing yacht when it 
was badly beaten recently, said: 
"Your Majesty, I'm afraid I've hoo- 
dooed you by the calming influence I 
exercise on the wind." And the Em- 
peror, though not usually regarded as 
a wit. replied neatly: "That is what 
American diplomacy usually does." A 
little later another guest remarked 
that he might be the Jonah of the 
party, whereupon William retorted: 
"I don't see any whales about." 



Our Trade in 

SoutK America 

Before visiting South \meric 

under the impression that we 
were the most cosmopolitan, ami in 
man) 

modern people- M\ faith in these 
national qualities was seriously > 

during my first trip and com- 
pletely undermined after completing 
ti iui "i the continent, I n 

-lead of being the most cosmopolitan 

me of the iiin-i adaptable among 
nations, one is gradually forced to 

tin- conclusion that we have greater 
difficulty in appreciating the point of 
view of foreign nations than any of 
the peoples of continental Europe, 
and are less disposed to change our 
standards to meet foreign require- 
ments. 

The question is not whether our 
foreign trade will expand or not. 
Such expansion is an inevitable con- 
sequence of our industrial develop- 
ment. The real question is whether 
our commerce will expand in propor- 
tion to the opportunities; whether, in 
a word we desire to take full advan- 
tage of the opportunities now pre- 
senting themselves in Latin America 

The Far East is at best but a tem- 
porary market. The imitative power 
of the Chinese and Japanese soon 
leads to the supplanting of foreign- 
made goods with local imitations. 
The low standard of living enables 
them soon to undersell and then dis- 
pense with the foreign product. 

This is not the case in any of the 
Latin American countries. For many- 
reasons, they will for a long time to 
come remain essentially agricultural. 
Even where home industries are es- 
tablished, the relatively high rate of 
wages does not exclude competition. 
Latin America is therefore a perma- 
nent market for American goods in a 
sense far more real and permanent 
than the Far East. 

But our trade with Latin-American 
countries is now conducted as if 
every Latin-American merchant were 
intent on defrauding the American 
manufacturer. It may surprise many 
of you to learn that the standards of 
business morality are quite as high if 
not higher in Latin America than in 
the United States. This is in part 
attested by the fact that bankruptcy 
involves a degree of social obloquy 
unknown in the United States. The 
precautions against fraudulent bank- 
ruptcy are more thorough than in 
the United States and the number of 
losses through bankruptcy is surpris- 
ingly small. 

In spite of these facts we treat the 
Latin-American merchant as if it 
were exceedingly hazardous to extend 
any credit to him. It will probably 
be said by all of you that our present 
business arrangements do not permit 
of such credits. The only reply is, 
that if they do not, we must re- 
nounce for a long time to come the 
share in Latin-American trade which 
our industrial position warrants. — Ad- 
dress before the National Associa- 
tion of Credit Men, by Prof. L. S 
Rowe of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. 



Christian Science Services 

Fourth t Church of Christ, Sci- 
entist ii. in 
'..my Hall. No 232 South 
i the 
uarterly. 



Hill St 
Christian 
Subject: 



"LOVE" 
Sunday 



School, 



Children's 
9:30 a. m. 

Wedm da} 'tings 

in I'.lanchard Hall, No. 233 So. 
Broadway, at 8 o'clock. 

Reading Room, 510 Herman 
\V. Hellman Building, Spring 
and Fourth street- t (pen daily, 
except Sunday, from 9 a. m. to 
9. p. m. 



Christian Science Services 

Second Church of Christ Sci- 
entist— Ebell Hall, 18th and Fi- 
gueroa streets. 

Third Church of Christ Sci- 
entist — Simpson Auditorium, 734 
S. Hope Street. Services Sun- 
day 11 a. m. and 8 p. m. Ser- 
mon from the Christian Science 
Quarterly. Subject: 

"LOVE" 

Children's Sunday School 
9:30 a. m. Wednesday evening 
meetings at 8 o'clock. Reading 
Rooms, 510-511 Herman W. 
Hellman Bldg., Spring and 
Fourth streets, open daily, Sun- 
days excepted, from 9 a. m. to 
9 p. in. 




Electric Lines 
The Shortest and Quickest Line Between 

Los Angeles and the Ocean 
See Venice, Santa Monica, Ocean Park, 
National Soldiers' Home. Playa Del Rev. 
Redondo. 

Fish at LONG WHARF 

Port Los Angeles 

Take the 

Balloon Route Excursion 

One Whole Day for $1.00 

70 Miles of California's Finest 

Scenery. 28 Miles Right Along 

the Ocean. An Experienced 

Guide With Each Car. 

Cars Leave Hill Street Station 

9:40 a. m. Daily 

Passenger Station 
Hill Street Between Fourth and Fifth 



Phones: Home 9232 

Sunset Main 1819 



G. G. JOHNSON 

Investments and Loans 
Insurance 



603 H. W. Hellman Bldg., 

Cor. Fourth and Spring Sts. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 



12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




The Racing Automobile, and the 
Driver. 



A very graphic description of the 
racing automobile in action is given 
by Julian Street in this month's 
American Magazine. In the story 
"Car Coming!" he records "some 
mental snapshots of the week before 
the Vanderbiit Cup Race," a story 
full of interest and action. 

After telling- of his arrival at the 

little road house at Jericho, and his 

experience in getting accommodations 

Mr. street proceeds to describe a 

morning try-out: 

S t =* * * 

"I dressed rapidly, and went out- 
side. The men of the camp were 
trooping through the doors, talking in 
hoarse, early-morning voices. In the 
garage, next door, lights twinkled and 
a hammer clinked. The headlights 
of several automobiles glared from 
the intersecting road. Cold and un- 
comfortable, I crossed the way and 
found a seat on the steps of the 
general store, which already served 
as a grandstand for a huddled group 
of silent fur-clad figures. Gray light 
was coming in the sky; the shadows 
of the night began to congeal into 
fences, trees and houses. The light 
grew and grew, turning to pink in 
the East. The headlights of the tour- 
ing cars began to look self-conscious 
and absurd. They were shut off. Day, 
radiant and fresh, was 

"Bang, Bang! Crash-Crack-Cr-r-r- 
■ack! A sudden cannonading came 
from the garage. 

"Crackle-crackle-crackle! The doors 
swung open, and two gray beasts ap- 
peared. They sidled, purring, to the 
roadway, shivered with the cold, 
pointed their flat snouts toward West- 
bury, and with a sudden bellow and 
belch of flame and smoke, kicked up 
their wheels and crashed away like 
a pair of playful prehistoric monsters. v 
In a moment they had melted into 
the distant landscape. Morning prac- 
tice had begun. 

"A silence, rich and beautiful, sue 
ceeded the departure of the racers. 
I settled back against a step, closed 
my heavy eyelids, 'and wished myself 
in bed. I was sorry I had come to 
. Jericho at all, I think; for I abomi- 
nate the the early morning hours and 
was confronted by a week of them. 
Some one asked me if I had a ciga- 
rette. I was about to open my eyes 
and see who spoke, when; 

•"CAR COMING!' 

"There was a stiffening of spines 
upon the steps. Over the hills, be- 
, hind us, came the sound of motor- 
musketry. Men who had been stand- 
ing in the road hastened to cover. 
Watches and timing pads appeared. 
Nearer, nearer came the crackling. It 
grew louder; then stopped short, as 
the driver 'shut off' for the turn at 
Jericho. A moment later a red 
French car shot into view, rushed by 
with inside wheels following the gut- 
ter, and flashed awav toward West- 
bury. Almost before the time was 
noted down, came others — a German, 
snowy white; a bright red Italian: 
some gray Americans — so thick and 
fast that' we could barely catch the 
numbers painted on their bonnets. 

"More crackling from over the hill. 

"'Here come our boys!' cried the 
team manager, rising from the steps 
and looking at his watch. 'By Jove, 
they're going to do it near to twenty, 
flat, too!' As a mother recognizes 
the laughter of her own child at play 



with twenty others, he knew his cars, 
while they were yet a mile away, by 
the noise of their respiration. He had 
hardly spoken when '16' came crash- 
ing into view, made the turn on two 
wheels, 'straightened out' splendidly, 
and was gone. She was followed 
close by '1.' As the cars passed we 
rose, spontaneously, and cheered. 
There was no response from the black 
figures in the little bucket seats. They 
had no hands to spare for idle wav- 
ing, no eyes to rove about the land 
scape. Driver and mechanic have 
their work cut out for them. One 
guides and operates the car, the other 
sees to the machinery and lubricanon, 
watches for overtaking cars, and 
reads the signals. A driver's eye tak- 
en from the road, or hand taken from 
the steering wheel for the merest in- 
stant, may cost two lives and turn a 
noble racer into twisted junk. 

"It was about seven wheti our two 
pet dinosaurs returned again, com- 
pleting a second lap, and slipped pur- 
ring into the garage. The sun was 
above the horizon; wagons, with driv- 
ers amusingly alert, appeared; prac- 
tice was over; above all, breakfast was 
ready.'*' 

Then the author tells something of 
the wonderful driving of the man 
who won the race: 

"Robertson and Florida had been re- 
citing an adventure of the morning. 
'But we kept right in behind 
him. He was scared we'd run into 
him — kept looking back over his 
shoulder. Didn't like it for a cent. He 
hit the bridge about sixty and jumped 
way up in the air. After that he 
turned out and let us get past.' 

"That is it: they turn out and let 
Robertson get past. If they don't 
turn out he gets past anyway. It is 
his genius for 'getting past' which 
has made him probably the most suc- 
cessful American race driver of the 
day. 

"Driving, he gives the impression 
that he is a madman, crowding his 
car to her maximum capacity. Never- 
theless he has a head and uses it. His 
reputation as a 'dangerous' driver is 
of double benefit to him, for it makes 
him a popular favorite with specta- 
tors, besides making less experienced 
and more timid drivers fear him. He, 
is one to be looked out for — turned 
out for. 

"Imagine yourself driving a racer 
at eighty miles an hour, taking the 
best of the road and preparing to 
shut off for a turn a mile or so ahead. 
Your mechanician looks over his 
shoulder; then he leans close to your 
ear and bawls: 'Here comes Robert- 
son!' Presently you hear the bellow 
of an engine at your heels. 

"'Right up behind us!' howls your 
mechanician. 

"Meantime you are Hearing the 
turn. You feel that you are being 
crowded into it too fast. You hear 



the pursuing engine roar, as Robert- 
sou throws his clutch in signal: 'Clear 
the way!' You can't take the turn 
so fast; yet you fear to shut off, lest 
he collide with you. His front wheels 
are within five feet of your rear ones. 
You think of things he has done. 
Perhaps you hear him yelling some- 
thing, in a voice that sounds a thous- 
and miles away, what with the wind 
and the roaring of the engines. You 
have heard that he threw tools at men 
who interfered with him. You hope 
he knows that you don't mean to in- 
terfere. The turn is close ahead. He 
must be crazy to rush 'at it like this. 
Will he kill himself, or, worse yet. 
kill you? Not if you can help it. And 
you can help it, by turning out, shut- 
ting off and applying brakes. As 
you do so a gray streak shoots to 
your left, skids the corner, throwing 
a wall of dirt into the air, and in an- 
other moment is roaring off into the 
distance. It takes nerve to block 
Robertson." 



The Motorists' Protective Associa- 
tion intends making a hard right to 
compel proper supervision of horse- 
drawn vehicles as well as automobiles 
and through their publicity manager, 
Leon T. Shettler, are going to see 
to it that the recent ordinance which 
requires all vehicles to carry lights 
front and rear, shall be enforced. 



The new garage of the Renton 
Motor Car Works at Pico and Main 
streets, is rapidly Hearing completion 
and when finished will vie with the 
best on the Coast, A very complete 
machine shop, finishing room and 
wood-working department will lie a 
feature, and in order to hasten de- 
liveries the company will receive 
Overland cars in the rough, and fin- 
ish them here. 

The local agency for the Oldsmo- 
bile has been secured by the Wool- 
wine Motor Car Co., of which Mr. W. 
R. Woolwine is president. This com- 
pany already handles the Marmon, 



Carter Car, and Rapid Commercial 
vehicles, and the Oldsmobile Com- 
pany have made no mistake in hav- 
ing the Woolwine Company handle 
their car. The first shipment of 1910 
models will be received in August, 
and will contain a five-passenger 
touring car, a seven-passenger tour- 
ing car, and a six-cylinder ' car with 
42-inch wheels, the latter 'a new de- 
parture, and said to be a very easy 
riding car. 



Charles S. Howard, the Los An- 
geles and San Francisco agent for 
the Buick, has been appointed Pacific 
Coast agent for the General Motor 
Car Sales Company, which controls 
the factories of the Buick, Oldsmo- 
bile, Oakland and Welsh automobiles. 
Mr. Howard's territory will cover 
California, Nevada, Oregon, Wash- 
ington and Arizona. 

I'red, Flint, Jr., the real estate 
dealer, has joined forces with Nor- 
man W. Church in the local Stoddard 
agency. The garage now under con- 
struction at Tenth and Olive will be 
the headquarters of the firm after 
August 1st. 



No Franklin motor cars of 1910 are 
to carry extra tires. This innova- 
tion is the outcome of a growing 
realization that extra tires are entirely 
unnecessary if the tire equipment size 
is right for the automobile weight. 
Undoubtedly the greatest annoyance 
today in automobiling is tire trouble. 
This is due to the strain being greater 
than the sustaining ability of the tires. 
The loading down of the running 
board with equipment in such a way 
as to close the entrance to a seat, as 
has been the practice of the past few 
years in carrying extra tires, has pro- 
duced much dissatisfaction' among 
users of rhotor cars. 

The Franklin cars are ■ of light 
weight for their size and because of 
that fact are particularly easy on tires. 
To improve this condition for 1910 
there has been an increase of size of 
tires for all Franklin models. The 
light weight and the larger tires also 
minimize the road shock, thus pro- 
■ longing the life of the tires and in- 
creasing the riding comfort of the 
passengers. 



The Southern California agency for 
the Stearns has been taken over by 
C. C. Slaughter, a well known banker 
and mining man, and a new garage on 
Olive street between Ninth and Tenth 
will be erected. 



Capt. H. D. Ryus, the local Corbin 
agent, will come back to the racing 
game in the Baldy and Los Angeles- 
Phoenix races, and from his past 
record he should be a strong factor in 
both these events. Capt. Ryus has 
won all of the three races over the 
Mount Baldy course and in the Phoe- 
nix race drove the winner for the first 
half of the journey. 




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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 




&T 




By LETA H 

A new art school is to open in the 

if the 

Mr Robert Wagner, and 
Greenbaum They have 
well formed plans for opening a spc- 
painting, where work 

from life and thi ill be care- 

fully considered. Illustrating will be 
tial branches offered. 

Mr. Wagner, who has recently had 
a -tudio in Santa Barbara, i- coming 
here to remain. He is well known, 
and is accepted a.- one of the 
portrait painters in tin as an 

illustrator he i- known both ill the 
East and West, and illustrated sev- 
eral fine publications before coming 
here. Mr. Greenbaum as an instruc- 
:or is always enthusiastic and . p 
irae attitude in his pu] ils. 

The location for the school has not 
been decided on. but it is to be 
hoped tl|£y may choose a central 
place and that the environment may 
be agreeable and suited to the real 
purpose of the art study. Lei it be 
away from, and undisturbed by. the 
confusion and noise that distract and 
divert serious and thoughtful study. 

The opening of this school will be 
greatly appreciated by these artists' 
former students, and is another help- 
ful feature to add to the growing in- 
terest in art in Los Angeles which is 
: -i becoming a centre for artists- 



Miss Mary Gay, who has a studio 
.n the Walker Theatre building, is 
making a charming sketch of a young 
woman playing with a cat in her gar- 
den. It is hoped that it will be seen 
in an exhibition later. Miss Gay is 
also sketching at Laguna. She is 
working for a special full moonlight 
effect, and lias been making repeated 
trips, spending a few days each time 
to paint, as Laguna offers so many 
splendid subjects. . 



OR.LOCHER 

siau costume and serve Russian tea 

mar. Tin 
eral public are taking an unusual in- 
terest in this charmin which 
the young ladies have been so 
original in arranging. Thej con 
tinually offer some speciallj nice in 
dividual exhibit-. Thi- week one 
may see an interesting collection of 
chings by Mr-. Nell Dam ly 

iker, which ar< l I in treat 

nil nt and -hew :i refined feeling for 
coli ir. 



Mrs. Elizabeth Borglum closes her 
town studio in Blanchard hall and 
also her home studio in Sierra Maclre 
this week for two months, and goes 
for a rest and vacation to her favor- 
ite sketching haunts at Santa Bar- 
bara. She has some fine landscape 
composition planned which -lie in- 
tends executing while there. One 
gets unusual bits of the sea and 
mountains coming together, and the 
fine old oaks and ragged sea cliffs 
are so picturesque and beautiful in 
color. Santa Barbara's lovely sur- 
roundings surely draw more than her 
share df the Eastern artists who 
come West to paint. 

Misses Baker and Schneider of 
"The House of Travel" will give a 
"Russian" evening at their studios, 

21 South I nil street, on August 6th. 
The young ladies will dress in Rus- 



At the [Canst gallery this week may 
seen Some paintings of unusual 
merit and interest to 'he art loving 
public. Three new p'^ures painted 
in Monterey county ( y Granville 
Redmond are different from most of 
bis compositions shown before and 
toe unusually good. 

C. A. Fries of San Francisco has 
on view a very good and representa- 
tive exhibit of his paintings. "IT 
Capitan" of the Yoscmite is one of 
the most ambitious and there are sev- 
eral California subjects of interest. 

E. W. Gollings. 'the cowboy art- 
ist." whose work is similar to "Cow- 
boy Russcl" of Montana and that of 
the Remington type, has a specially 
interesting exhibit of paintings pecu- 
liar to the cowboy life on the wild 
frontier. 

There is also an unusually fine ex- 
hibit of fac similes of the old mas- 
ters which arrived last Tuesday. 
They are different from anything of 
the kind shown here and are the best 
grade of this sort of reproduction; 
most if them are from the National 
gallery, London, and Scottish gal- 
lery. 

Mr. Shriner, who recently painted 
the excellent portrait of Bishop 
Conaty, is spending his summer at 
Manhattan Beach, where he has 
taken a cottage. Earlier in the sea- 
son we saw some very nice sketches 
showing bits of the coast of Ireland, 
and we hope to find from this artist 
some equally as interesting of the 
California Coast. 



Mrs. Esther Zoline. the water color 
artist and miniature painter, has 
closed her studio in Blanchard hall 
and gone to Chicago. She may spend 
next year studying in Europe. 



will have much mon 'hem 

xcellenl teacher- while all 
\\ e always welcome ba 

k knowledge and broader un 

di rst,.- 

return not only seeking to ad 
themsi Ives but find 
ing a joj in giving I 

Mr. Duncan MacRae, the managci 

toid buyer in the Oriental department 
of the J. W, Robinson Sinn, will sail 
on the Korea from San Francisco 

Vugusl Stli i""i' China and Japan to 
-elect and purchase more of the 
beautiful and artistic oriental art 
treasures that are to be found in 
these countries. Mr. MacRae pos- 
es a very fine and discriminating 
know [edge Of the beauty and value in 
the high class articles that the treas- 
ure loving public are desirous of ob- 
taining, and spares no time or effort 
in making it a pleasure to show one 
the beautiful things in the collection 
which his department carries; and the 
cordiality extended to come and see 
them makes a person feel a welcome 
visitor. MacRae expects to return 
for the holiday season. At Honolulu 
he will be joined by his friend, Mr. 
W. L. Hubbard, who recently paid 
a delightful visit to his friends in 
Los Angeles. They will journey on 
from there to the Orient. Mr. Hub- 
bard has been musical and dramatic 
critic on the Chicago Tribune for 
many years. He goes in the interests 
of his paper, and will deliver some 
lectures en route. 



The Jester's Bells 

Our Fiv: Feet of Summer Books 
\*ansen!s "Farthest North." 
William Winter's "Old Friends." 
Whittier's "Snow Bound." 
Mahaffy's "The Frieze of the Par- 
thenon." 

Saxc's "Nothing to Wear." 
A. B. Frost's "American Types "— 
New York Mail. 



Miss Jessie Washburn, well known 
in Los Angeles, and who has been 
studying in Europe for the last, year 
and a half, is now on her way home. 
She has stopped in New York for a 
few weeks to familiarize herself with 
the art world there, and anticipates 
a few stops with friends on her way 
west She will open a studio here in 
October. Her former students will 
rejoice at being able to take up their 



No Use 

She — You are a man after my heart 
He — Darling! 

She — But you won't get it. — An- 
swers. 



Very Tough Beef 

A butcher in a certain town was 
famed for selling tough meat. One 
day a customer entered and asked for 
a large beefsteak. 

"Is it for boiling or stewing you 
want it?" he inquired. 

"Neither," replied the customer, "it 
is for making a hinge for the barn 
door."— ^Weekly Telegraph. 



Price of Life 

Young Lady — Give me one yard of 
— why, haven't I seen you before? 

Draper's Assistant — Oh, Maud, have 
you forgotten me? I saved your life 
at the seaside last summer. 

Young Lady (warmly) — Why. of 
course you did. Then you may give 
me two yards of the ribbon, please. — 
Illustrated Bits 



II. 

II. 
shouldn't -ink. 



Servant A pound r the 

mistress. Grocer- Green or black': 
Servanl Shure. ayther will do. She's 
as blind as a bat !■ J udge. 



I'.il i mi - I lave you pigs' feet ? 
Waiter \n. sir It's a bunion makes 
me walk that way, — Serantoll Truth. 



The Beggar — Sir. I was not always 
like this. 

The Victim — No, last week you 
were lame in the other leg. — Cleve- 
land Leader. 



"1 am afraid you would marry a 
tool if be asked you." 
"Is that a proposal?" — Illustrated 

Hits. 



"How do you tell bad eggs?" 
queried the young housewife. 

"I never told any," replied the fresh 
grocery clerk, "but if I had anything 
to tell a bad egg I'd break it gently." 
— Royal Magazine. 



Thirsty Passenger — How much 
longer have I got to wait for that 
cocktail 1 ordered? 

Dining Car Waiter (looking out of 
the window) — About, a mile and a 
half longer, sir. This is a dry county, 
and there's a spotter on board — Chi 
eago Tribune. 

Trotter — During my travels in Italy 
; was captured, bound and gagged 
by handits. 

Miss Homer— How romantic! Were 
they anything like the bandits in the 
opera? 

Trotter — no. indeed; the gags they 
used were all new. — Answers. 



Phone Main 298 

Hill Street Floral Co. 

S. SHIMA, Prop. 

Cut Flowers, Plants and Seeds. 

Floral Designs a Specially 

655 S. HILL ST., near 7lh Si. LOS ANGELES 



S peci al Exhibiti on 

Pictures from the following collections 

Royal Scotch Academy 

Royal Academy 

and the 

World's Fair 



KANST GALLERY 

642 SOUTH SPRING STREET 
Open Sunday: 3 until 6 p. m. 



EDITH A. ABELS 

CHINA DECORATOR 

Instruction :: Firing 

404 BLANCHARD BUILD1NO 



14 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




eafoe 




"The Man on the Box" 

In "The Man on the Box," that 
drawing-room comedy of wits which 
the Burbahk Company presents this 
week, the theme is that of a youn? 
lieutenant and social favorite playing 
the role of groom to a girl whom he 
has worshipped from afar but never 
met. The situation originates in a 
practical joke and the hero prolongs 
it to be near the girl. Upon this 
unique foundation is built a polished- 
airy structure surrounded by the so- 
cial atmosphere and enlivened by the 
repartee of the modern novel. Wil- 
liam Desmond, as the groom lieuten- 
ant, gives an interpretation probably 
very different to that which the au- 
thor intended. Surely the debonair 
Bob Worburton would not have been 
so viciously disagreeable, even in the 
trying position of playing lackey to 
his equals and inferiors. The charac- 
ter should be rendered attractive 
enough to make plausible his winning 
of the girl, and Mr. Desmond is fully 
equal to this feat if he would remem- 
. ber to forget the audience. Miss 
Blanche Hall has an interesting role 
in the proud, piquant American girl, 
Betty Annesley, and she plays it with 
a demure roguery and quick change of 
expression which is very telling. As 
Judge Watts, the brusque magistrate 
whom a society woman describes as 
"that graceless creature," Willis 



Marks is capital, giving easily the 
most satisfying characterization in the 
play. Frederick Gilbert as Count 
Karloff refrains from degenerating 
into melodrama, yet lits, in appear- 
ance, the gallery god's interpretation 
of the part. Miss Alice Lovell Tay- 
lor's one appearance is like a refresh- 
ing breeze, and the rest of the com- 
pany form a good background for the 
main action. 



"The College Widow" 

Scintillant, spirited, "The College 
Widow" still sparkles from the . Be- 
lasco boards. Here is a play which 
defies age and analysis, indeed one 
can no more drench it in the , cold 
water of criticism than could "prexy" 
and the town marshal suppress the 
jubilant youth which ruled Atwater 
College. Everybody knows the story. 
Nearly everybody has cheered or felt 
like cheering, with the victorious mob 
which engulfs the stage after the foot- 
ball game — and everybody 'who hasn't, 
ought to. Moreover, the Belasco in- 
terpretation includes several individ- 
ual treats, notably the Flora Wiggins 
of Miss Beatrice Noyes- the Coper- 
nicus Talbot of How-ard Scott, and 
the Billy Bolton of Richard Bennett. 
The two former parts are excruciat- 
ingly funny in themselves and impel 
careful acting. But the pliant, mobile 
art of Mr. Bennett, which can not 





SAMOLOFF, TENOR 
International Grand Opera Company 



assume but evolve youth — triumphant, 
irresistible, but undeveloped — is re- 
markable to see. His boyish half- 
hack is the acme of naturalness. If 
Miss Farritigton and Miss Gardner 
had exchanged the roles of Bessie 
Tanner and Mrs. Dalzelle, there would 
have been inevitable improvement. 
Miss Farrington lacks the strapping- 
physique necessary to the athletic girl 
and is admirably qualified to enact 
the dashing chaperone, while anyone 
who has observed Miss Gardner's 
steady growth would rejoice to see 
her given this chance. The work of 
Miss Helen Holmes in the title role 
is characterized by a gentle refinement 
very pleasing. 



Following is the repertoire for the 
first week of the International Grand 
Opera Company, which begins a two 
weeks' engagement at the Mason 
Opera House Monday night: 

Monday, August 2 

AIDA 

Opera in Four Acts by G. Verdi 

Cast of Characters 

Aida Mme. Bertossi 

Radames Mm. Samoiloff 

Amneris Miss Strauss 

The Priestess Mile. Zarail 

Amonasro Mm. Arcangeli 

Ram) his Mm. Gravina 

The King Mm. Oteri 

A Messenger Mm. Giulianio 



Tuesday, August 3 

LUCIA DI LAMMERMOOR 

Opera in Four Acts by Donizetti 

Cast of Characters 

Lucia Mme. Norclli 

Alice Mile. Williams 

Edgardo Mm. Bari 

Sir Ashton Mm. Zara 

Sir Arthur Mm. Giuliani 

Norman Mm. Giuliani 

Bide-thc-Bent Mm. A. Oteri 

Wednesday Matinee, August 4 

FAUST 

Opera in Five Acts, by Gounod 

Cast of Characters 

Margharita Mme. Therry 

Siebel Miss Strauss 

Martha Mile. Zarad 

Faust Mm. Ban 

Valentine ...Mm. Zara 

Wagner Mm. A. Frascona 

Mephistofeles Mm. Gravina 

Wednesday Evening, August 4 

CARMEN 

Cast of Characters 

Carmen Mme. R. Duce-Mcrola 



MARQUIS ELLIS 


VOICE PLACER 


PURE TONE PRODUCTION 


Leading tenor soloist on the 
Pacific Coast 


Director Ellis Male Quartette 
and instructor of many well- 
known vocalists throughout the 
United States. 


Studio, 604 Majestic Theatre 
Building 



SAMOILOFF, TENOR 
International Grand Opera Company 



Face and Scalp Treatments 

HAIR GOODS MANUFACTURED 

Hairdressing, Shampooing, Manicuring. 

Phone F-3592 '" M. S. MACDONALD 

Combings Bought. Switches, Janes, Puffs, Transformations. 
452y 2 So. Broadway, Room 25 221 West Fifth 






PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



15 



'-' 

SI lie. Zarad 
Mercedes Mllr. Donncr 

ombinj 

lillo Mm. Arcangeli 

Znnica Mm oteri 

Remcndade ..Mm. Giuliani 

iro . Mm. I> 

MoraU - Mm. Frascona 



Thursday, August 5 

IL TROVATORE 
Opera in Four Acts, by G. Verdi 

Cast of Characters 
Leonor .Mme Therry 

Azucena Miss Strauss 

Inez Mile. Zarad 

Manrico Mm. Samoilofi 

Count 0< I. una Mm. Zara 

Fernanda Mm. Gravina 

Ruiz Mm. Giuliani 



Friday, August 6 

CAVALLERIA RUSTICANA 

Opera in One Act, by Mascagni 

Cast of Characters 

Santuzza Mme, R. Duce-Merola 

Lola Miss Strauss 

Mamma Lucia Mile. Kaplan 

Turiddu Mm. Colombini 

Alfio Mm Zara 

Followed by 

I PAGLIACCI 

0"~era in Two Acts, by Leoncavalla 

Cast of Characters 

Nedda Mile. Bertossi 

Canio Mm. Sainoiloff 

Tonio Mm. Archangel] 

Beppe Mm. Giuliani 

Silvio Mm. Frascona 

Saturday Matinee, August 7 

Cast of Characters 

CARMEN 

Carmen Mme. R. Duce-Merola 

Michaela Mile. Donner 

Frasquita Mile. Zarad 

Mercedes Mile. Williams 

Don Jose Mm. Colombini 

Escamillo Mm. G. Zara 

Zunica- Mm. Oteri 

Remcndade Mm. Giuliani 

Dancairo Mm. Frascona 

Morales Mm. Frascona 

Saturday Evening, August 7 

RIGOLETTO 

Opera in Four Acts, by G. Verdi 

Cast of Characters 

Gilda Mme. Norelji 

Maddelena Miss Strauss 

Giovanna Mme. Kaplan 

Countess of Cepranno. Mile. Williams 

The Page Mile. Williams 

The Duke of Mantua Mm. Bari 

Rigoletto Mm. Arcangeli 

Sparafucile Mm. G. Gravina 

Monterone Mm. A. Oteri 

Marullo Mm. A. Frascona 

Borsa Mm. Giuliani 

Ceprano Mm. Kaplan 

The special orchestra will be con- 
ducted by Sig. Merola who was at 
one time connected with Hammer- 
stein's Grand Opera House, New 
York City, and came over from Italy 
under contract. He was secured b> 
the International Grand Opera Com- 
pany, which gave a more prominent 
position to his cleve'r wife, Duce- 
Merola. who is one of the prima 
donnas of the Company. 



dent at tin the Civil W 

The blending of the gentle senti- 
ment with the clashing! of war. the 
ive story woven into the smoke 
and grime and dare of battle, i'car in 
"The Warrens of Virginia" the Be- 
■rand par excelll 
The part of General Buck Warren 
will give David M Hartford splen- 
did opportunities to display his stir- 
ring qualities as an intelligent actor. 
Miss Helen Holmes will he seen in 
the part of Agatha Warren, sweet- 
heart of the Union soldier .anil is a 
part in which she should be particu- 
larly pleasing. The part of Lieut. 
Burton will he played by Richard 
Bennett in his usual masterful, con- 
vincing manner. 

The management of the Belasco 
has shown great eare in the casting 
of "The Warrens of Virginia," using 
all of its regular members as well 
as many other specially engaged peo- 
ple. Scenic Artist Brunton has prom- 
ised some beautiful pictures and as a 
whole the production of "The War- 
rens of Virginia" should prove one of 
the real theatrical treats of the sea- 
son. 

Following "The Warrens of Vir- 
ginia," the Belasco Company will pro- 
duce Annie Russell's great success, 
"A Royal Family." 



Belasco 

"The yVarrens ° f Virginia" will he 
played for the first time by a stock 
company anywhere, the first perform- 
ance in the entire West, at the Belasco 
Theatre commencing Monday night. 
The production at the Belasco is made 
by special arrangement with David 
Belasco and is said to be his best 
work in the line of "atmosphere." 
This is simply another example of 
the fact that the management of the 
Belasco Theatre at all times strives 
to give its patrons the very best that 
the market affords. 

The play was written by William C. 
De Mille and has to do with an inci- 



Burbank 

The most interesting announcement 
of the week comes from the Bur- 
bank Theatre where Linton Tedford's 
new play, "The Greater Claim," will 
have its first presentation on any 
stage, beginning with a matinee per- 
formance tomorrow (Sunday) and 
continuing with the usual Saturday 
matinee, August 7. The play is de- 
scribed as a drama of politics, love 
and religion. Its central figures are 
the Rev. Cuyler Armstrong, rector of 
St. Luke's church; Col. Jasper J. 
Stone, head of a corrupt political ma- 
chine; Harold Stone, the colonel's son; 
and Dorothy Fitzgerald, a Salome 
dancer whom the rector criticises in a 
sermon and who proves, subsequently, 
to be a young woman whom he has 
wronged in his youth, in Paris, and 
for whom he has been searching with 
a view to making whatever amends 
might lie within his power. 

The rector sets before himself the 
Herculean task of cleaning out the 
Augean stables of municipal corrup- 
tion and in so doing finds himself op- 
posed to Col. Stone, wealthy, unscru- 
pulous and his own parishioner. The 
struggle between these two men is un- 
ceasing throughout the play, and ends 
at the last in Stone's discomfiture. 

William Desmond, whose minister 
in "The Hypocrites," was an achieve- 
ment, will create the role of the Rev. 
Mr. Armstrong; Hobart Bosworth, es- 
pecially engaged for the part, will be 
seen as Col. Stone; Harry Mestayer 
will play his son, and Miss Blanche 
Hall will assume the character of 
Dorothy Fitzgerald, a part that will 
give her her strongest acting oppor- 
tunities in many months. Others 
prominent in the cast will include 
Henry Stockbridge, William Yerance, 
Willis Marks. H. S. Duffield, Frederick 
Gilbert, David Edwin., and Margo 
Dufifet 




SJfysic 




"The Merry Widow," replete with 
handsome nun and women, beautiful 

stage settings and catchy music, is 
rig the hoards this week at the 
Mason. The play is given a splen- 
did presentation, in the main, and 
carries a well-balanced chorus and or- 
chestra, though one could wish that 
the principals had been chosen with 
more regard to their singing abilities. 
No one of them has a voice above the 
ordinary, and some of the most effec- 
tive scenes are marred for this rea- 
son. Special mention might he made 
of the rendition of the opening chor- 
us in Act I., the excellent ensemble 
work of the male chorus in the song, 
"In Marsovia" and Aliss Cameron's 
"Villa." The orchestra, though small, 
is of excellent quality and has an ef- 
fective conductor in Mr. John Mc- 
Ghie. 

What they 'lacked in musical talent 
the principals amply made up in his- 
trionic ability. Frances Cameron, as 
"The Merry Widow," and George 
Dameral as Prince Danilo, were grace 
personified and embodied their char- 
acters in a way that left nothing to 
be desired and the support they re- 
ceived was excellent. . 



has founded "The Patron's Fund", to 
bring to public hearing works by 
young native composers and to aid 
deserving students in various ways. 

The fund is controlled by a com- 
mittee from the Royal College of 
Music, and the following grants made 
at a recent meeting show the scope 
and practical nature of the work; 
One hundred and twenty-five dollars 
each for study abroad: Mr. loan 
Lloyd-Powell (Royal College of Mu- 
sic), Mr. Montague Phillips (Royal 
Academy of Music), Miss Ellen Ed- 
wards (Royal College of Music), and 
Miss Hilda Lett (second grant) 
(Guildhall School of Music); one hun- 
dred and twenty-five dollars (third 
grant) toward Mr. T. F. Dunhill's 
Concerts of Chamber Music by Brit- 
ish Composers; two hundred and fif- 
ty dollars towards Mr. Edward M'a- 
sqn's Concerts of Choral Works by 
British Composers; while it was also 
decided to defray the cost of publica- 
tion of a Quintet for Piano and 
Strings, by Mr. James Friskin (Royal 
College of Music). 



Captain A. A. Fries will be a guest 
of the Gamut Club at the regular 
monthly dinner next Wednesday. 
He will give an address on the 
"Artistic Possibilities of the Greater 
Los Angeles." Other guests invited 
are the presidents of the Fine Arts 
League, the Ruskin Art Club, the 
Friday Morning Club, the Ebell, and 
City Clubs. 

In London, England, a public- 
spirited man, Mr. S. Ernest Palmer 



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233 S Broadway - - 232 S. Hill St. 
Los Angeles, California 



STUDIOS FOR RENT 

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The Misses Page School for Girls 

243 WEST ADAMS STREET 
Home Phone 21202 
Sunset South 3539 

Amid ideal surroundings and directed by competent teachers the 
girls of this School make rapid progress. In addition to the regular 
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and painting, and physical culture. Ample facilities are-afforded for 
recreation artd the girls' home training and moral welfare Js attended 
to in a manner to bring out the sweet and beautiful in character, so 
essential to true womanhood. 

A School for Boys 

Under the same management, located at 137 West ' Adams Street. 
Telephone Home 21203. The boys receive military instruction, Cap- 
tain Robert T. Gibbs being commandant. 

This is a splendid home for boys and also a well regulated school- 
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it deserves. The proverb "Train up- the child in the way he should 
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PACIFIC OU 




Vol. VII. #o. 6. 



Los Singeles, California, Mugust 7, 1909. 



5 Cents $1.00 a Year 



LOS ANGELES - WORST ENEMY 

Like Frankenstein of the 9tory, lh« 
pie of Los Angeles have created a monster 
that i> now seeking to destroy them. 

The monster is the Times dail) news- 
paper — the wickedest newspaper in the 
United States, the worst enemy that Los 
Angeles lias to cope with. 

We are not much disturbed by enemies 
that attack us from without: those in our 
midst are most to be feared. And we know 
what t" do with the open and avowed 
enemy; but the one that professes to be inn- 
friend, thai occasionally, i stentatiously does 
us a service, he is the one that is able to 
strike the deadliest blow. 

We are getting a new perspective on the 
matter of wickedness. The worst men are 
not those that commit the recognized 
crimes, like burglary and the hold-up, nor 
that blaspheme on the street corner, nor 
that talk wild anarchy to a lew weak- 
minded enthusiasts, nor that get drunk and 
start a fight — the really dangerous criminals 
are those that Strike at the roots of social 
order — the more insidious aiid plausible the 
more to be feared. 

A newspaper is one of the most powerful 
agents devised by human genius, for good 
mi- for evil. Its work is done on a wholesale 
plan that makes all efforts of individual 
men trifling by comparison. A bad man 
can tell a few lies to the few people that 
will listen to him; a daily paper, with a 
monopoly of the news field, can tell a score 
of lies every day to 50.000 people who can- 
not choose but hear. There are always 
some people to believe some of the lies. 
Some of tie poison thrown into the drink- 
ing fountain find:; its victim. 

Between the opportunity of the news- 
paper for evil and that of the criminal in- 
dividual, there >•* ail the difference that 
there is between the Gatling gun that will 
deliver 100 bullets a minute each of which 
will explode into 100 deadly fragments, ami 
the old-fashioned muzzle-loading musket 
with one bullet. 

Xo doubt there are secret gambling 
places in Los Angeles; there are assigna- 
tion houses; there are evil drinking; places 
-where young men and young- women are led 
astray— but' what do all of these, taken 
wholesale and at their very worst, amount 
to in capacity for evil, when compared with 
a journal like the Times, that enters ten 
thousand households disguised as a news 
carrier, to leave the poison of social anarchy. 
to breed hale between classes, to destro) 
confidence in the people, to blacken civic 
ideals and to work to deliver our institu- 
tions into the hands of greed and corrup- 
tion. We 'nave thieves in this community 
that steal purses, but who has filched from 
honest people their good name that is more 
precious than the purse 5 We have seen 
official misconduct here and elsewhere in 
the state, money paid for franchises stolen 
from the people, money paid for protected 
vice, but who was it that sought to fasten 
the evil administration upon us and is 



PACIFIC OUTLOOft 

Published Every Saturday 

837 South Spring St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 
Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered al iecond-class matter April 5, 1907, at tbc poitornce at 
Lot Angelci, California, under tbc act of Congrcsl of March 1,1879. 



striving to shield the chief evil doers in San 
Francisco from punishment? We have 
ignorance to contend with, and the disease 
ami squalor that conies with ignorance, and 
who is striking at our public school system, 
and sending hundreds of children into the 
street? When the people are asking for 
good city government, who is it that offers 
rank partisanship led by utility corporations 
in its place — a stone instead of bread? Who 
is it that hates and fears the people, dispises 
the poor, is frenzied at the sight of a labor 
union, bludgeons citizens, and seeks to drive 
efficient and courageous officials out of 
office? 

Grown reckless in the strength of its mil- 
lions and through its grip on the business 
interests of Los Angeles, the Times has 
thrown off all disguise in the matter of its 
war upon our schools. Almost any bond 
issue can be tied up in the courts indefinite- 
ly by anyone who has money enough to go 
through the necessary legal processes. If 
our citizens generally had seen fit to pursue 
that course, we should have now a howling 
wilderness where stands a modern progres- 
sive city. The Times has served notice on 
us not inferentially, as its usual custom is, 
but this time in perfectly plain language, 
that so long as the Board of Education re- 
tains Superintendent Moore, whom the 
owner of that paper hates for a purely per- 
sonal reason and a reason highly creditable 
to the superintendent, it proposes to con- 
tinue its warfare against our public school 
system. This is entirely within its preroga- 
tive as we, in our half-finished state of so- 
ciety, grant prerogatives to those that have 
money enough. No reason exists other 
than the Times' hatred of him why Super- 
intendent Moore should be discharged from 
the city's employ. The entire school board 
and all others whose opinion carries weight 
in educational matters are unanimous in the 
belief that the city is highly favored in be- 
ing able to keep him in its service. All this 
makes no difference. He-who-thinks-he-is- 
our-master has spoken and we are expected 
to obey. 

It is a sad thing that when the schools 



open this fall many young people must be 
denied their inherited right to a free educa- 
tion because a vicious newspaper ha'tes a 

good man for doing his dut\ — but more 
serious than that would be the yiUding of 
the people of this city to the bulb's latest 
most intolerable caprice. 

REVISION DOWNWARDS 

.The long struggle over the tariff is about 
to come to an end. It began early in March 
and it closes in August — five months nearly. 
Three-fourths of that space of time the bill 
labored in the Senate — to what purpose no 
one has been able to find out. A few words 
from the President, and schedules adopted 
after weeks and weeks of discussion were 
all swept away. It seems incredible that 
the leaders, like Aldrich and Frye and Pen- 
rose, had had no hint from Mr. Taft of what 
he intended to do. At this distance the 
whole performance looks amazingly like a 
lot of special pleaders going through the 
motions, to make sure that their employers 
would not be dissatisfied with their efforts. 

A tariff bill is a thing of infinite com- 
plications and no one can tell to a certainty 
how any item is going to work out. There 
are, for example, many changes from speci- 
fic to ad valorum rates, and vice versa. Xo 
one can tell whether some of these raise or 
lower the tariff; nor can anyone be certain 
what effect the raising or lowering of a 
tariff will have on the price of an article in 
the open market. On many things there is 
no longer an open market, and monopoly 
can play any tricks it chooses. It is a 
favorite theory of the high protectionists 
that in the long run raising the tariff will 
lower the market price, because it stimu- 
lates home production to a point where 
home competition brings the price down. 
This is a bit of a strain on one's credulity 
and violates every known principle of 
economics, nevertheless some instances can 
be shown where a higher tariff is actually 
followed by lower prices. 

In short, the real proof of the Payne-Ald- 
rich tariff will come six months to a year 
hence, when we are able to see whether it 
will produce the revenue necessary to run 
the government, and what effect it has on 
the prices of things — particularly of neces- 
sities. For the present, the best we have is 
the guesses of experts, and those seem to 
be wide apart. 

Chairman Payne presented in the House 
a schedule which purported to show that 
the bill decreased tariffs (based on previous 
years of import) to a total of about tw 
lion dollars, and increased them $850,000.- 
000. Of the increases he figured $580,000,- 
000 were on luxuries, leaving increases on 
necessities of $270,000,000. Most of the de- 
creases are said to be on non-luxuries. If 
this be true, the measure leaves us a billion 
and three-quarters to the good on a down- 
ward revision. There is a very considerable 
increase on cotton goods and no decrease 
on wool and woolen goods. The relief 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



hoped for in that quarter failed to come 
through. 

On the whole, the bill is so much better 
than at one time appeared probable that the 
American people will give vent to a huge 
sigh of relief. At any rate the long strug- 
gle is over — and that means a good deal to 
business. 



O. FARISH— HIS BOOM 

An effort is putting forth to galvanize 
the local Democratic party into existence 
for the coming city election with Oscar 
Farish as nominee for mayor. Mr. Farish 
is a young man who served in council one 
term, 1904-5, and since that time he has 
been active in the real estate business. Flis 
petition, as published, contained the names 
of two dozen or so leading Democrats of 
the machine school, a dozen or so well- 
known real estate men, and a few business 
men of prominence. 

Farisrh's record as a councilman is not 
particularly reassuring to- those who desire 
to see the mayor's chair occupied by a man 
of clear views and pronounced independ- 
ence. If there is not much to be urged 
against him, there is, on the other hand, lit- 
tle or nothing to be said in his favor. His 
marking on the minute book was chiefly 
that of a man who goes with the majority. 
He is a young man of agreeable manners 
and good habits and is popular with his 
friends — but his candidacy is not to be 
taken seriously except on one condition, a 
condition that applies not to him alone but 
to several other side-issue candidates. If 
the Republican organization leaders (the 
Southern Pacific people) should make up 
their minds that a pliable Democrat is a 
good deal better than taking the chances 
on a straight-out nomination, and should 
decide to throw their strength either openly 
or secretly to Farish — all of which is quite 
possible — he would then pull through on 
the try-out and be a formidable candidate 
in the finish. But merely as a Democrat he 
will never get over the first hurdle. 
* * * 

CHICAGO SCHOOL SUPERINTEND- 
ENT 

The second largest city in the United 
States has chosen as superintendent of its 
schools a woman — Mrs. Ella F. Young. She 
lias been in the service of the schools of 
Chicago about 40 years, first as a teacher, 
then as principal of one of the largest 
schools, then as an assistant superintendent. 
She is over 60 years of age but possesses 
unlimited vigor and almost perfect health. 

Mrs. Young is a woman of rare judgment, 
fine tact, and through her long service as 
assistant superintendent has probably a 
larger knowledge of school affairs in Chi- 
cago than any one living. She has national 
standing as an educational expert. The 
superintendency of the Chicago schools is 
not an easy place to hold. Many changes 
have taken place in the past score of years, 
not a few of them as a result of political 
fights. And yet those who know Mrs. 
Young, and who understand the Chicago 
situation, expect to see her make a success 
of the work. 

A recent number of Pacific Outlook con- 
tained an article by Margaret Collier Gra- 
ham asking whether the Board of Educa- 
tion of Pasadena, which had recently re- 
moved all married women teachers except 
those who were supporting their husbands, 
regarded schools as charitable institutions, 
and whether teachers were employed by 



reason of fitness for the work or because 
they needed the money. During the greater 
part of her career as a teacher, as a school 
principal and as an assistant superintendent, 
Mrs. Young was a married woman who was 
not supporting her husband. According to 
the Pasadena theory she should have been 
thrown out, and the schools of Chicago de- 
prived of her valuable work. 

* * * 
PEOPLE OR LEGISLATURE 

One of the most effective tests of the wis- 
dom or truth of a statement is the test by 
alternative. For example : the Los Angeles 
Times recently observed editorially : "Legis- 
lation by the people always has been and 
always will be unsafe." Now for the altern- 
ative test : Legislation by state legislatures 
and by city councils always has been and 
always will be entirely safe. Do we hear 
a second to that? 

* ♦ # 

THAW AND CALHOUN 

Speaking of Harry Thaw, the Argonaut 
of San Francisco says : "It is a mere com- 
monplace to say that if this young criminal 
had been a poor man he would now be 
where the wicked cease from troubling; but 
surely the fact of his wealth and social posi- 
tion should be no excuse for making him 
one" of the permanent institutions of the 
country." 

Now the Argonaut is one of the de- 
fenders of Calhoun, of whom it may very 
truthfully be said that had he been a poor 
man, unable to employ a battery of shrewd 
lawyers, and a chorus of newspaper molders 
.of public opinion, and a small army of re- 
tainers and sycophants, he would long since 
have been sent where all franchise high- 
waymen and council bribers should go — to 
jail; but since he has a million dollars back 
of him to fight the law, he, like Harry Thaw, 
bids fair to become one of the permanent 
institutions of the country. 

* * * 

THRENODY FOR THREE 

Voters having tears to shed prepare to 
shed them now, in behalf of three council- 
men — Flealy, Lyon and Yonkin recently 
butchered' to make a Sherman holiday. 

These three were preparing to leave the 
gentle seclusion of their respective wards, 
the 8th, 7th and 6th, to buck the whole city 
on an election-at-large. Now it takes a 
pretty good hantle of .votes to pull through 
at-large — a very different story from seeing 
Walter and getting it fixed up in your 'own 
little ward. However, things looked quite 
promising. Walter was entirely satisfied 
with the record of the past three years. The 
organization would stand for it. All that 
was needed now was some good strong 
newspaper support. 

There was the morning Reactionary 
whose favor could be counted upon as it 
was pledged to back up the Republican 
nominees whoever they might be. Unfortu- 
nately since it had adopted the partisan role, 
it had lost all its influence outside the party, 
hence it did not add much to the total. 

But there was the Record. Its influence 
was strong among the labor unions, right 
where the three would need help if they 
were to have the 'support of the Union 
Hater. It was, moreover, dead against re- 
formers, and whatever else might be said 
about the three they were certainly not Re- 
formers. So the outlook was, as we have 
said, most promising. 

And then your Uncle George broke into 
the game and made a lot of trouble — just as 



he is always doing. He sent notice to coun- 
cil that he would remove General Sherman 
from the Water Board, if that course met 
the approval of council which, under the 
charter, must approve the mayor's act to 
make it final. 

This was what the Record had been de- 
manding for many months — ever since 
Alexander came into office in fact. And 
now it called upon the council to vote for. 
the removal. 

General Sherman is not popular with the 
Record readers. He represents monopoly, 
predatory wealth, anti-unionism, reaction 
and a lot of ideas, of that type. 

The three took a week to make up their 
minds. It was a plain case of "choose be- 
tween." There was the Record with a 
bunch of -votes, and there was the organiza- 
tion with a great bale of the same. They 
chose ; the case goes to court for three or 
four years, and the General remains on the 
Board. 

The next day the Record leveled its fore- 
finger at the Three and they shook in their 
shoes. And now it is all over but the weep- 
ing'. 

* * * 

AUTOMOBILE HEARTLESSNESS 

Again we urge that council pass an ordi- 
nance making a special offense of running 
away after striking a pedestrian with an 
automobile, with severe imprisonment pen- 
alty attached. We have recently had sev- 
eral cases of that sort, appalling in the utter 
heartlessness displayed by the occupants of 
the automobile. 

According to the testimony of Carl Fisher, 
the chauffeur who drove the machine that 
killed a woman the night of the Elks par- 
ade, when he struck something that he 
knew was a human being he turned and 
said to the wife of the owner of the ma- 
chine: "I believe I killed' that person;" 
whereupon she exclaimed, "Beat it, Carl, 
beat it !" Later, the owner of the machine 
urged him to escape from the city and hide 
somewhere, so as to avoid possible prosecu- 
tion. 

Now it may be that the young man was 
not to blame for striking the woman ; that is 
as may be proven by the evidence; and in 
that event he should suffer no punishment. 
But for the wicked brutality shown in 
hurrying away, in leaving the 'victim to ex- 
pire, when perhaps assistance might have 
saved a life, and in evading the just and 
necessary investigation by the law of the 
death, this should be met by some severe 
form of punishment — to deter others from 
doing the same thing. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

THE TRIAL OF THE STATES 

Within the next two years the state gov- 
ernments of the United States are likely 
to be put on trial as they have not been 
since the dark days of the Civil War. The 
point at issue will be the passage of an in- 
come tax amendment. 

If there are twelve states in this Union 
that can be induced to say "no" through 
their legislatures, then the amendment fails, 
and there will be no income tax. Judging 
from the number of trust and corporation 
senators that these same legislatures send 
to Washington, there must be plenty of 
states — .half of all rather than a mere fourth 
— that will be ready to supply the -veto, pro- 
vided the people are not awake and thor- 
oughly in earnest. 

But suppose they are awake, what then? 

Since the days of slavery there has been 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



i he American 

this. 

The tariff is a matter ol business expedien- 
cy ; l't silver was a pn ■ 
that we try an experiment in national finan- 
ciering, and even if Mr. Bryan had been 
elected, it would not have been tried: im- 
perialism was largely a matter of imagina- 
tion. But the income tax lias in it the 
icial as well as economic readjust- 
ment. It is a thing of vast possibilities. 

True we had an income tax in operation 
once for several years, and again we hail 
such a tax on the statute hook only to he 
thrown out by the Supreme Court. But in 
each ease it was a war measure, brought 
forward as an emergency method of raisin- 
revenue, and with no purpose to make it a 
part of our established fiscal policy. Now 
it is proposed as a premanent scheme for 
supplying the national government with an 
income to take the place of money obtained 
through indirect or tariff taxation. Whereas 
formerly it held it-- place rather under judi- 
cial protest, and was at last entirely dis- 
countenanced, it is now proposed to make 
provision for it in the constitution of the 
United States which will lift it above all 
question. 

If the legislatures vote to pass this 
amendment, it is a pretty safe assumption 
that Congress will immediately thereafter 
pass an income tax law. Through the next 
two vears the discussion of this issue will 
be heard on all sides ; thousands of news- 
paper articles will be written and thou- 
sands of speeches will be made on this sub- 
ject. The people will learn what this tax 
means, and they will demand it of their 
representaties in no uncertain tone. Fur- 
thermore they are likely to formulate the 
law themselves, and the longer they have 
to wait and the more opposition they are 
called upon to meet and overcome, the 
higher will go their demands, the severer 
will be the law. 

There is not the shadow of a doubt that 
if the clear, simple issue of an income tax 
vs. an indirect (tariff) tax were put to the 
people of this country, they would vote by 
an overwhelming majority to establish the 
income tax. To begin with, the minimum — 
almost any minimum that is seriously con- 
sidered — is above the income of nine-tenths 
of the population. In other words, it is a 
proposition to make the one-tenth of the 
population that has nine-tenths of all the 
money pay accordingly. Would the nine- 
tenths vote aye on that? Who doubts itr 
Furthermore, it is usually a graduated tax 
bearing lightly- on small incomes and heav- 
ily on large. And that wins the votes of 
five-tenths of the taxed tenth. And it is 
about the only form of tax that cannot be 
shifted — cannot be passed down the line 
and made at last to press most heavily on 
the man at the bottom. 

Yes; the people will vote for it. There 
is not a state in the Union, not even the 
rotten boroughs like Rhode Island ami New- 
Jersey, where the people would fail to vote 
for it by huge majorities. 

But the state legislatures? That is an- 
other story. What will the kind of men 
that elect the Aldriches or Penroses; 
Chauncey Depews and Tom Platts, Lorri- 
mers and Perkinses — what will they do? 
Are they going to care the snap of a finger 
what the people wish and ask? They never 
have cared vet. Is the income tax issue 
big enough for the people to make a stand 
for their rights — the right to have their 



lawmaking bodv rcgistci the people's 

will? 

Twelve states are all that will be needed 

feat tlie tax. Verily, it hangs by a 

slender thread; ami the states are all on 
trial. 

+ + + 
CIVIL SERVICE LIBRARIAN 
The civil Service law of Chicago was 

adopted in a reckless spasm of reform ten 
or twelve years ago, before the experience 
of other cities had developed details for the 
practical workings of such a system. It is. 
or originally was, the most drastic piece of 
legislation on that subject to be found on 
the American municipal statute book. It 
Covered pretty much the whole field of 
municipal employment, the exclusions be- 
ing few in number. It made removals very 
difficult, and provided a rigid system of ex- 
amination for entrance to the city's service. 

Recently Fred Hild, wdio had served the 
city for nearly thirty years as librarian, was 
removed, and the library board began to 
look about for some one to fill the vacancy. 
It was at first alleged that the removal of 
Hild was due to politics, but reports from 
■various sources of the backward condition 
of the Chicago public library would seem 
to remove that suspicion. At all events the 
board is going about the selection of a suc- 
cessor to Mr. Hild in a spirit of firmness 
and sincerity that is meeting with general 
commendation. 

The position of librarian is not in the list 
of exclusions from the city civil service 
law, nor is there any general exclusion, such 
as we have now in our Los Angeles law, by 
which it can be taken out. This means that 
an examination must be held, and a candi- 
date selected, under the competitive merit 
system. 

When this fact first came to light, it was 
treated as a joke by some, and as a calamity 
by others. The City Club of Chicago at- 
tacked the problem seriously, however, and 
a report was recently made public by a 
committee of that body, in which a prac- 
ticable civil service method was outlined 
by which an examining board could select 
a librarian, in accordance with the law, and 
yet take no step that would compromise 
the dignity of applicants or of the city con- 
ducting the affair. 

After due consideration, the Civil Service 
Board of Chicago and the Library Board 
have decided to go ahead, pretty much on 
the lines laid down by the City Club, and 
the Chicago Public Library, which is one 
of the leading institutions of that sort in 
the nation, will obtain a librarian to fill a 
position that pays a salary as great as that 
of a United States Senator, by a process of 
competitive examination. 

How? 

To begin with there is a publication of a 
notice in the leading literary and library 
journals of the country that, on August 
16th, the city of Chicago will hold an ex- 
amination for the position of librarian, and 
that local residence is not required. A let- 
ter of instruction will be mailed to appli- 
cants on request. This letter begins with 
the statement that candidates will not be 
assembled for examination, but that the 
necessary papers may be prepared at 
home. The examination is to consist of 
two parts, first educational experience, sec- 
ond, a paper on the best methods for the de- 
elopment of the Chicago public library. A 
month is given — to September 16th — for the 
preparation of this paper, and a detailed 



nent has been prep i mdi- 

tions stu rounding the library 
equipment and the field 
a statement of the local population an 

character of the same. ,vith similai 
tion calculated 

cant the problem which con 

in the development ol its public librai 

I he examiners appointed by the ' 
Service I ommi isn in at ting in 
tion with the Chicago Library; Board— are: 
Herbert Putnam, librarian ol Congress; 
Clement \\ . Andrews, librarian of the John 
Crerar library, Chicago; Frank I'. Mill, li- 
brarian of the Brooklyn Public Library, 

and Howard O. Sprogla, counsel for the 

i i\ d Sen ice Commission. 

The n. unr-. of those who file applications 
will not be made public, nor the names ol 
applicants who fail to qualify. In every pbs 
sible way the professional standing of those 
who apply will be protected — so says the 
circular. 

This procedure will be watched with a 
good deal of interest by library people, and 
by all Who are devoted to civil service prin- 
ciples. It has never been contended by civil 
service advocates that it is practicable to fill 
high professional positions by a process of 
competitive examination, and yet it is a 
well recognized fact that every intelligent 
and conscientious board when called upon 
to fill a position of this character informally 
uses a process very like that of the civil 
service. In this case it will be formally- 
done. 

* * * 

PRESS COMMENTS 

Now that President Taft has gone on rec- 
ord as favoring the conservation of Ameri- 
ca's national resources, he ought to do 
something to prevent the continuous flow 
of senatorial oratory- from going to waste. — 
Washington Star. 



Indiana State Senator says, "If our writ- 
ers could or would work for a better moral 
and civic result it would be best for the 
public." Lovely sentiment. Move to sub- 
stitute the word "politicians" for "writers". 
— N. Y. Herald. 



Mr. Roosevelt is one of the few men in 
public life who have more volunteer press 
agent work than they really- need. — Wash- 
ington Star. 



A number of esteemed contemporaries are 
greatly angered because a majority of the 
senators support the Aldrich schedule. And 
this anger is not likely to cool down any 
when these same senators go before their 
constituents for vindication and get it. — 
Kansas City journal. 



The ministers of churches where pews 
sell for $3,000 must use a lot of mental 
reservation when they preach about salva- 
tion being free. — Washington Times. 



Few prophets live to see their prophesies 
so near fulfillment as did the late Dr. T. P. 
Wilson, whose story, written in 1875. pre- 
dicted the coming of the horseless city. — 
Boston Transcript. 



Chauncey M. Depew regards the fact 
he recently had to pay his railway fare as 
a joke. It is doubtful whether T. C. Piatt 
would take so genial a view of the matter 
if he found himself compelled to put up cash 
to send his express packages. — Washil - 
Evening News. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS 



Red Light Calls. Pasadena is installing 
a system of police signals by red lights 
very similar to that we call the Foster sys- 
tem. 

4> $ <fr 

Tuberculosis Hospitals. Chicago has ap- 
propriated half a million dollars for the con- 
struction and equipment of a tuberculosis 
sanitarium. 

* * + 

Bad College Joke. The Princeton Tiger 

remarks upon the fact that Baltimore has 

three saloons to one policeman, and says 

that gives you three guesses as to where 

the policeman is. 

$ •!■ $ 

Too Many Fans. The city council of 
Chester, West Virginia, has suspended the 
Chief of Police and the entire police force 
of that city, because they spent all their 
time watching ball games. 
+ + * 

Commission Plan Defeated. The people of 
Fargo, North Dakota, voted down a new 
charter which was to give them the com- 
mission form of government. The vote was 
light, and the majority against only 99. 

* * ♦ 

Crane of the Voters' League. Charles R. 
Crane, recently appointed minister to China, 
has for a number of years served as an 
active member of the Executive Committee 
of the Chicago Municipal Voters' League. 

* * t 

Glue for a Binder. A Little Falls, New 
York, man has patented a composition to 
be used as a binder for macadam roads of 
which glue is the chief constituent. Some- 
thing must be found to save macadam roads 
from the ruin of rapid automobile traffic. 

* * * 

Towser and the Phonograph. When the 
petition from the Society for Prevention 
of Cruelty to Animals regarding horse 
drinking troughs was presented to our city- 
council, Mr. Clampitt of the Second asked 
from whom the petition came. "From the 
S. P. C. A.," was the answer of the clerk. 
"What is this here Southern Pacific C. A. 
Society?" asked Mr. Clampitt. There was 
a general laugh, and one man in the lobby 
winked at another man in tl: f lobby, and 
then business proceeded. 

* ♦ * 

Following is the Associated Charities re- 
port for week ending August 3rd : New 
cases 25, recurrent cases 50, visits 40, dis- 
bursements $465.35. The Association de- 
sires to say that it has great demand for 
clothing, especially for women and chil- 
dren. If any one having clothing to donate, 
will call Associated Charities, Home Phone 
F5203 or Sunset Main 8366, it will be called 
for and thankfully received. 

* * + 

Gold on the Aqueduct. The Municipal 
Journal of New York publishes the an- 
nouncement that considerable gold has 
come to light already in the excavation for 
the Los Angeles Aqueduct and that more is 
expected. It says that workmen fight for 
the opportunity to work where the route 
cuts through placer diggings, and that a 
certain Patrick McCullum, one of the city 
laborers, took out $1,200 as his share. 



Hair on the Hoof. Oiling of highways 
has worked as far east as York, Pennsyl- 
vania, where recently the property owners 
on a certain street petitioned that they 
might be allowed to oil their street at their 
own expense. Permission was refused by 
council, because, as one of the councilmen 
declared, in an impassioned speech against 
the innovation, "Oil would eat the hair off 
the hoofs of horses." Inquiry as to what 
kind of horses they have in York has given 
way to speculation as to what kind of coun- 
cilmen they have there. 

■J* + + 

Salary Loan Business. Largely as a re- 
sult of the New York investigation, the 
salary loan business is undergoing exposure 
at the hands of charitable organizations in 
various cities. Recently a committee in 
Pittsburg" gave the public facts like these : 
A widow pays $17 for a loan of $50 for four 
months; wife of a railway brakeman in two 
years paid out $561 for the use of $317. It 
was found that several of the. worst com- 
panies were carried on under false names, 
the real owners being men who were 
ashamed to let the connection be known. 

Imprisonment for Deficit. Cities of West 
Virginia have so often been troubled with 
deficits, that that state has at last enacted 
a law making councils responsible and send- 
ing them to jail if they do not come out 
even or to the good by the end of the year. 
The city council of Charleston, finding 
themselves up against this kind of dilemma, 
discharged the police and fire departments, 
and closed down on city lighting and all 
city work. The local water and lighting 
companies came to the rescue, and decided 
to supply water and light in limited quan- 
tities, free of charge, until the citizens make 
some sort of an arrangement to take care 
of the deficit. 

•f* <• + 

Utilities Commission. A majority of the 
members of council are evidently in favor 
of the appointment of a commission to 
gather data and to make recommendations 
to council as to rates for utility service. The 
only point of disagreement seems to be as 
to how and by whom this commission is to 
be appointed. Lyon's ordinance was for a 
commission of five, of which the civic 
bodies are to appoint three and the council 
two. This is an unsalaried commission of 
citizens, who will, in turn, appoint two or 
three experts to do the work. At Mr. 
Blanchards request the matter was laid 
over for a week, in order, as he facetiously 
observed, that he might consult the South- 
.ern Pacific and other utility corporations. 
* * + 

Saving Galveston. We hear so often of 
the losses incurred by cities from bad city 
government, it is a joy to be able to note 
occasionally gains made by good city gov- 
ernment. Galveston has just passed through 
a terrible storm, a perfect reproduction, it 
is said, of the hurricane that piled the 
waters up in 1900 and slew 10,000 people. 
There was this time practically no loss of 
life whatever. The sea wall stood the test. 
Without good government there could have 
been no sea wall, and a repetition of the 



former disaster would have wiped Galves- 
ton off the map. 

* t * 

The Hudson Tunnels. The Pennsylvania 
Railway's great tunnel enterprise is com- 
pleted, and three minutes' time is all that is 
needed to go from the very center of New 
York city to the center of Jersey City. For- 
merly this trip took from half to three- 
quarters of an hour. About 100,000 people 
were carried through the tunnels the first 
day — without an accident or a hitch of any 
kind. Mr. McAdoo, who was the chief fac- 
tor in bringing the system into existence, 
declared, in a public speech, that it "repre- 
sented a policy of the Public be pleased in- 
stead of the Public be damned." This great 
improvement cost .$70,000,000. 

* + * 

New Billboard Restrictions. Cincinnati, 
which rarely leads in civic matters, recent- 
ly passed a billboard ordinance which em- 
bodies most of the later restrictions, and 
adds a few new and desirable ones. For 
example, all billboards over 2 feet in height 
must be constructed of metal including sup- 
ports and braces. There must be two feet 
between the ground and the billboard. 
There must be a space of 6 feet between 
any bill board and the adjoining lot line. 
No billboard shall be nearer to the lot line 
in front than the house adjoining the same, 
and in no case shall the billboard be less 
than 15 feet from the street line. If new 
buildings are erected, adjoining billboards 
must be set back to the new house line. 
No sign or billboard shall be erected on or 
facing any public park, square, municipal, 



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PACI FIC OUTLOOK 



county, or Federal building. The police 

r all picture matter, and illustrations 
of crimes are forbidden. V n, I >. 

pt a similar ordinance. 
♦ ♦ ♦ 

Kansas Commission Cities. Kansas City, 
100,000 population, has 
i"l>t the commission plan, seventy 
l>er cent of the vote being in favor of t lie 
change. A year ago a vote was taken on 
. ami the commission plan 
lefeated by a small majority. In the 
meantime, the law had undergone some 
slight amendment by the Kansas lef 
ture, which probably accounts for the 
change of sentiment. Other Kansas cities 
that have adopted the commission plan are: 
Leavenworth, Wichita, Hutchinson, Inde- 
pendence and Anthony. Kansas City, Kan- 
s now the largest American city under 
elective commission system. The na- 
tional capital is managed by a commission, 
hut it is appointed by the President. 
+ * + 

Several interesting matters came up at 
the weekly meeting of the Housing Com- 
mission, among which were discussions 
about the relation of the Mouse Court work 
to that of the Hoard of Health and the ap- 
proval of plans of a new house court to be 
constructed by the Santa Fe Railroad Com- 
pany. 

The plans show ten houses accommodat- 
ing four families each. They will be well 
constructed, interior of smooth finish which 
can be kept clean, raised board floors in 
living r< oms, kitchens with cement floors 
and brick --foxes, screen doors and win- 
dows and a sufficient number of sanitarj 
conveniences. 

The Commission expressed itself as 
pleased with these modern advances over 
old conditions. Tie Southern Pacific Rail- 
road Company Ins already made a number 
of improvements in their courts, and tbrv 
are now in first class shape, and kept l 
gi lod order. 

It is hoped that the other railroad com- 
panies' courts will soon be brought up to 
the required standard. 

City District Nurses. Several years ago 
a number of women that were active in set- 
tlement work in Los Angeles, petitioned 
council for the appointment of a nurse on 
salary by the year who should work among 
the poor, assisting in cases of illness, ad- 
vising mothers on the care of children and 
teach ignorant people how to avoid disease. 
This line of work, which was in a way al- 
most unique — for as yet no other city had 
attempted it as a municipal function — 
brought such successful results that from 
year to year additional nurses have been 
added to the corps, until now there are five 
and the annual appropriation is $5200. This 
is distinctly a socialistic idea, a forerunner 
of the day when public health will be cared 
for at public expense, and the total .volume 
6f disease reduced to a minimum. Neverthe- 
less the plan has met with no opposition 
even from the habitual reactionaries, as it 
commends itself so absolutely to common 
sense. This work is now, at the request of 
the women who founded it — Miss Evelyn 
Stoddard, Mrs. Maud Foster Weston and 
Miss Mary Bingham — to be cared for here- 
after by the Board of Health. 
* + + 

Good Advice Wasted. The Board of Su- 
pervisors, when called to account by the 



civic bodies for their violation of pre 

tion promises in ignoring the Good Roads 
Advisory Committee, appealed to the Dis- 
trict Attornej for an opinion as to whether 

such promises were legally binding. Evi- 
dently they hoped that he would say there 
was no legal obligation resting on them to 
keep faith with the people. Hie District 
Attorney, isely broad' 

his opinion to cover the moral as well as 
legal issues involved, and the Board was 
warned that while they might escape the 

law thej could not hope to avoid an angrj 

and condemning public sentiment. lie 

stningh urged thai they make peace with 
the Advisory Committee and proceed here- 
after with due consideration of both the 
letter and the spirit of their promises. But 

the organization majorit \ of the Board, Eld- 
ridge, Nellis and McCabe, saw fit to ignore 
this advice, refused the just and reasonable 
demands of the Committee, and embarked 
finally and formally on the "public be 
damned" policy that is characteristic of ma- 
chine politicians whom no recall can reach. 
The three dummy road commissioners, who 
threw' out an efficient secretary to make a 
place for a political henchman of one of the 
Supervisors, will continue in office, and the 
appropriation of $3,500,000 will largely be 
used to play organization politics. All the 
people will get out of it will be some badly 
constructed roads and a good lesson as to 
the folly of electing organization men to 
office. 



NATIONAL MUNICIPAL, 

LEAGUE NOTES 

Longer office hours are recommended b}' 
Mayor ISusee of Chicago. He is of the 
opinion that municipal office-holders should 
give as good service as is to be found in pri- 
vate corporations. Mayor Busse has ad- 
vised that Councils establish official hours 
from 8 o'clock till noon, and from 1 o'clock 
until 5 in the afternoon. 



An interesting series of articles dealing 
with proposed amendments to Chicago's 
charter have been published in the Chicago 
Evening Post. These articles have dis- 
cussed the chief feature of the various bills, 
and they have been suggestive and helpful 
as well as interesting. 



Accommodating 

"Look here," exclaimed the angry man, 
as he rushed into the estate agent's office, 
"that plot I- bought from you yesterday is 
thirty feet under water!'' 

"Pardon my oversight," apologized the 
gentlemanly agent. "We give a diving suit 
with each plot. T will send yours to you to- 
day." — Punch. 



S. LIPPMAN 

Formerly with Marshall Field 
Co. of Chicago 

First Class Ladies' Tailor 
and Habit Maker 

Abo Three- Piece Suits and Shirt 

Waists. Prices Moderate Work 

and Fit Guaranteed 

624 South Broadway Suite 301 

Over Painless Parker's 




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For Details See 

BRAINERD 

Houses, garages, schools, churches, hos- 
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size, airtight and durable, built for most 
reasonable figures. 

Call and Inspect Models. Phone or write for Estimates 

H. J. BRAINERD, 507 Chamber of Commerce 

Home Phone A4740 



West... 
Br others 

Men's Tailors 

"Clothes Builders for 
Men Who Care" 

Design* ts of exclusive styles 
Ladies' Garments, Rid- 
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A Trial Order is Con- 
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1.2 W. Third Si. 
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Lack of business 
honesty is business 
suicide. Our desire 
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See our diamonds, 
gold jewelry, watch- 
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Manufacturing Jewelers 

507 ( outh Spring St. Los Angeles 




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Herbold & Lindsey 

Enterprise Trunk Factory 
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Rhone Home F 1 796 Main 6 ISO 



Hair Co. 



Hairdressir g' 

Shampooing 

Manicuring 

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743 S. Broadway, Los Angeles, Col 



HIGH CLASS INVESTMENT 



MINES So FAR1SH 

REAL ESTATE AGENTS 
315 S.Hill Street 



Removed to 3S3 S. Hill Street 

RESIDENT AND BUSINESS PROPERTIES 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



THE PANAMA CANAL 

Paper Pvead Before the City Club by James D. Schuyler 



Last January President Roosevelt 
appointed a board of engineers to ac- 
company President-elect Tait on a 
trip of inspection along the Panama 
canal works, for the purpose of aid- 
ing him and his successor in decid- 
ing whether or not there was any 
need for changing the type of canal. 
Congress had decided, after long de- 
liberation, on the lock type. But the 
persistent advocates of the sea-level 
type had revived the question. With 
the aid of various newspapers, they 
had spread grossly exaggerated re- 
ports of a little slip and settlement 
of a preliminary toe embankment at 
the Gatun dam, and the President 
wished to have the matter carefully 
reviewed by engineers of repute and 
finally settled before his term of of- 
fice expired. 

The members of the board he se- 
lected were: Frederick P. Stearns, of 




JAMES D. SCHUYLER 



Boston, afterward chosen chairman; 
John R. Freeman, of Providence, R. 
I.; Capt. Henry Allen, of Chicago; 
Isham Randolph, of Chicago, who 
planned and built Chicago's (Drainage 
Canal; Arthur P. Davis, of Washing- 
ton, Chief Engineer U. S. Reclama- 
tion Service; Allen Hazen, of New 
York, an expert in filtration, soil 
analysis and earth-dam construction; 
and James D. Schuyler, of Los An- 
geles. 

Messrs. Schuyler, Freeman and 
Stearns are well known in Los An- 
geles for their services on the board 
of engineers to whom was referred 
the Owens River Aqueduct project. 
All have reached eminence in their 
profession, and Mr. Schuyler has his 
office and home in Los Angeles. 

The report of this board of en- 
gineers satisfied President Roosevelt 
that the lock type of canal was the 
only practicable one, and nothing 



further has been heard from those 
opposed to it. 

Last Saturdaj' the City Club lis- 
tened to a paper by the Los Angeles 
member of this board which finally 
decided the type of canal — Mr. James 
D. Schuyler — in which are so many 
interesting statements and astonish- 
ing figures, that we reproduce the 
whole of the descriptive part of the 
paper. Coming from Mr. Schuyler, 
every statement can be trusted as 
authoritative. 



The Panama Canal is the largest 
work in progress in the world today, 
and Uncle Sam has laid off his coat 
and tackled the job with a full appre- 
ciation of its magnitude and a deter- 
mination to finish it in a hurry. 

When the Canal is finally com- 
pleted the total excavation will have 
amounted to 256,304,000 cubic yards. 
Of this amount, 81,54S,000 cubic 
yards, or 32% of the whole, was re- 
moved by the French from the time 
they began in 1881 to the date of the 
American occupation in May, 1904: 23 
years. Since the Americans took 
hold they have excavated, up to June 
1st. 1909, a total of 76,052.800 cubic 
yards, and there remained to be ex- 
cavated only 98,703,800 cubic yards. 
Nearly one-half of this is material 
which will have to be .dredged, and 
the remainder is solid rock, mostly 
in the great Culebra cut. 

But although the Americans have 
t>een at, work now a little over five 
3 r ears, the first two or three years 
V\f«;e Consumed in assembling the 
plKnt-and getting ready for the larger 
work which has since followed. In 
1905 the excavation was less than 2,- 
000.000 cubic yards; in 1906, 5.000.- 
OOD: in 1907. nearlv 16.000.000, and in 
1908. 37.000.OCO cubic yards. During 
the current year it should exceed 40,- 
000,000 cubic yards, or as much as 
the French moved in ten years of 
their greatest activity. 

At the end of this year there should 
remain not more than 65.000,000 
cubic yards, and it seems quite pos- 
sible to complete all excavation be- 
fore the end of 1912, which would 
only require a rate of work of three- 
fourths the present rate after this 
year is past. The Chief Engineer has 
repeatedly stated that the Canal will 
be finished and ready for use Janu- 
ary first, 1915, and this seems quite 
within reach provided no epidemic 
occurs to demoralize the force. This 
would leave two years after the ex- 
cavation was finished to complete the 
locks, dams, and all appurtenances. 

Dimensions of Canal 
From deep water in the Atlantic to 
deep water in the Pacific the total 
distance along the canal route is fifty 
miles, of which 42 miles is from 
shore to shore and eight miles in the 
ocean (three miles at the Atlantic 
end and five miles at the Pacific end), 
where dredging from to 45 feet in 
depth must be done. The Canal will 
be 45 miles shorter than the Suez 
Canal and 10 miles shorter than the 
Kiel Canal. 

The Panama Canal is beinsr made 
much larger than it was originally 
intended to be — wider and deeper — 
and it will be very much larger than 
the Suez, or any other ship canal in 
the world. For forty miles, or 80% 
of its length, it will be from 500 to 
1.000 feet wide on -the bottom. Two 
and one-fourth miles will be occu- 
pied by the double sets of locks, while 



for nine miles, the portion covered 
by the Culebra cut through the back- 
bone of the continent, it will have a 
minimum bottom width of 300 feet. 
The minimum depth throughout will 
be 45 feet. 

The French planned to build a 
canal 72 feet wide and 29.5 feet deep, 
which would have been practically 
obsolete by this time, and of little 
service today had it been completed. 
In all the years of their operations 
they accomplished the removal of 
but 81,548,000 cubic yards, of which 
about 40,000.000 cubic yards can be 
utilized for the Canal now being con- 
structed. Much of their work was 
easy digging in soft ground and soft 
dredging, and they did not do very 
much hard rock excavation, such as 
the Americans are doing. However, 
one cannot but marvel that they were 
able to accomplish as much as they 
did considering the handicaps they 
worked against. Modern science had 
not then discovered the way to mas- 
ter yellow fever and combat malaria 
by destroying mosquitoes. 

Sanitation 
This leads me to speak of the 
miracle of sanitation which has been 
accomplished on the Isthmus by 
Colonel W. C. Gorgas, the Medical 
Director, and his Staff. It will be 
remembered that it was Colonel Gor- 
gas who performed a similar miracle 
for Cuba by the sanitation of Havana, 
Santiago, and other cities. The. 
Canal Zone at Panama in the neigh- 
borhood of the works has been trans- 
formed from a region reeking with 
disease and death into a healthy lo- 
cality, an attractive pleasure resort, 
in fact, quite as free from disease as 
our own country. 

This has been done by clearing the 
jungle, draining the swamps and ex- 
terminating the mosquitoes. Yellow 
fever has been stamped out, and I 
was told that not a single stegomyia 
mosquito — the striped-legged fellow 
who makes a business of spreading 
yellow fever — has been seen for two 
years. The anopheles mosquito, 
whose specialty is to scatter the 
germs of malaria, is a hardier chap, 
who flies farther from home and is 
harder to exterminate. These have 
teen greatly reduced in numbers, but 
screens are still needed to keep them 
out, and' they still make the use of 
quinine necessary. I saw but one 
mosquito during the entire time we 
were there, and he was so lonesome 
that he was easily captured and put 
to death. 

A part of the work of sanitation 
has been the building of water works, 
street pavements and sewers for the 
cities of Colon, Panama and all the 
principal intermediate towns in the 
Zone, which has cost, for all munici- 
pal improvements, the sum of $6,- 
428,000, aside from sanitation proper. 
The work of sanitation has cost $8,- 
468.515 to April 30th. 1909, and is 
likely to cost $2,000,000 per annum 
until the Canal is finished, but it is 
worth all that it has cost, for it has 
made the building of the Canal safe 
and feasible, and the Canal Zone an 
enioyable place of residence. 

The control of the breeding of 
mosquitos has largely been brought 
about by the free use of oil spread 
upon the surface of all stagnant pools 
which cannot be readily drained. 
Another instrumentality, which will 
be employed as supplemental, reach- 
ing to localities far inland, is the cul- 
tu-re of ' a little fish imported from 
the island of Barbadoes. called "mil- 
lions". These fish feed upon the 



larvae of mosquitos; they are vivi- 
parous, that is, their young are born 
alive, and they are thus safer from 
destruction in infancy. They are ex- 
pected to continue to control the 
mosquitoes throughout the country. 
The Secret of American Success 
It is difficult to overestimate the 
importance of this work of sanitation, 
as it is in fact the secret of Ameri- 
can success. It is the only means 
iby which an efficient staff of laborers, 
foremen, skilled mechanics and engi- 
neers can be held together. It is cer- 
tain that in no public work, or in 
any contractor's camp, was there ever 
so much done for the comfort of em- 
ployes. The men are well paid, well 
housed, well fed, and well cared for 
in case of sickness or accident. 
Houses, furniture, fuel, water, drain- 
age, telephone and light are fur- 
nished to employes without cost. 
Roads are built, schools supported, 
club houses and Y. M. C. A. build- 
ings provided, and a part of the. run- 
ning expenses paid. All the premises 
of employes' dwellings are cleared 
and drained and the grass around 
them kept cut short. All the houses 
are built with broad verandas, en- 
closed with the most expensive and 
durable bronze wire screens, so that 
all of the people can practically live 
out of doors, exempt from insect at- 
tacks. Bachelor quarters and hotels 
furnishing meals at low cost are pro- 
vided by the Government; hospitals 
of the most modern equipment are 
also provided, w r ith free medical at- 
tendance to employes and at low- 
rates to families. A splendid band of 
music is also maintained free for the 
entertainment of employes, and this 
band is playing at some one of the 
club houses every afternoon and even- 
ing. Six weeks leave of absence each 
year, with full pay, is given to all 
monthly employes, including me- 
chanics, and much free transportation 
is given. Altogether the canal em- 
ployes may be regarded as a favored 
and pampered class, although they 
are demonstrating that this treat- 
ment is not lost upon them by the 
way in which they make good. 

The Commissary Department 

On April first there were 33,000 
men working on the Canal and Pana- 
ma Railroad, of whom about 25,000 
are Jamaica or other West Indian 
negroes. About 5,000 are Europeans, 
mostly Spaniards, and the remainder 
are Americans and other nationalities. 
To supply these people with food and 
clothing Uncle Sam is running what 
you may call an immense department 
store, or commissary, with branches 
at all camps, where cash sales are 
prohibited, but everything's charged, 
and to employes only. The business 
amounts to nearly $5,000,000 every 
year. He is also running a big laun- 
dry, a huge bakery, and an immense 
ice-making plant, all of the products 
of which are supplied at a little more 
than cost. 

Practically all food comes from 
the United States, the fresh meats, 
butter and fruits in cold storage, and 
the other substantials in the holds of 
every steamer plying between New 
York or New Orleans and the 
Isthmus. Major Wilson, the Com- 
missary, expressed to me the great- 
est regret that they were unable as 
vet to secure, a line of steamers direct 
from Southern California which 
would enable him to supply fresh 
vegetables and fruits all through the 
year, but hoped this might soon be 
established. 

Through the Commissary Depart- 






PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



iiu-nt Uncle Sam conducts 14 h 
and . ;: nd kitchens 

e dinner fi 

'Cent 

in country hotels in this coun- 

Gsh, meat, vegelabb 

cream, cake and coffee At the 

Spanish and 

Italian laborers the : ,1 for 

rut 40 cents per day, and 

at the kitchens where most of the 

to them is but 

its per day. We tried the food 
at all these places, and found it clean 
and palatable. 

It may interest you to know that 
Uncle Sam has to buy about 4.5 

pounds of meat per annum to 

mama Canal people, besides half 

of chickens every day. and 
dozen eggs daily. The daily con- 
sumption of butter is 800 pound 
tons, besides 

pounds of ham. a ton of bacon, 7? 
sheep, and 500 gallons ,>i fresh milk 
in bottles, from Xew York. Every 
month they use 4,500 cases of con- 
densed miik. and 500 gallons of oys- 
ters. The bakery turns out 60.000 
- of bread a day. and 1,000 pies. 
and the folks eat ice cream at the 
rate of 400 gallons a day. The con- 
sumption of quinine last year was a 
ton and a quarter, an average of 211 
pounds per month. 

Buildings 
To house his employes and his ma- 
chinery Uncle Sam has a total of 



a ere all shippi 

American Methods vs. French 

between the Ameri- 
can way of doing things ami that of 
the French is shown by the com- 
i of maximum achievement of 
each. The most that the French ever 

iui of Culebra cut in anj 
month is said to have been but 282,- 

ird-. witli 
to 18,000 laborers, and this was n 
ly the top soii. with very little rock, 
for the handling of which they urn 
I. or very i fficiently 
equipped. In contrast to this achi 
men!, in the month of March last the 
huge American steam shovels rc- 
2,352,000 cubic yar.N. with a 
total force employed of less than 
that of the French, while the total 
vardage moved was 4.1X12.000 cubic 
yards, including dredging. In fact. 
I .ncli appear ti > Itu e had rather 
a small conception of the work, and 
they worked with small tools in a 
small way. Much of the material 
taken from the Culebra Cut was de- 
posited on top. so near the edge that 
there have since been considerable 
slides from these dumps back into 
the Canal, which have had to be re- 
moved again. 

The Culebra Cut 
Everyone knows of the great Cule- 
bra Cut through the backbone of the 
continent, but one needs to be re- 
minded of its dimensions to appre- 
ciate its magnitude. It is nearly nine 
miles in length, and when finished 



are then loaded and tired in 
numb 

handled by steam sli.\ 

is and hauled away, A 
numb ard basaltii 

mation cros lal line, am 

lit the only durable I 
country 

The Gatun Dam 
riven y>u much 
of the plan of tlie Panama Canal, and 

•it may like to know S' oil 
thing more about il. 
ture of the lock plan, upon which the 
American- are now working, is the 
Gatun dam. which is being built 
across the I hag n valley only six 
miles from Colon, and but three miles 
inland from the nearest shore oi I a 
moii Bay. 

The object of this dam is to form 
a lake filling the entire Chagres val- 
ley for more than thirty miles, with 
arms extending back in all directions. 
This lake will have a maximum depth 
of SO feet, and will cover an area of 
165 square miles. It will be by far 
the largest artificial storage rescr- 
voir in existence, having a capacity 
sufficient to cover 4.500,000 acres to 
a depth of one foot. This is more 
than five times as large as the re- 
servoir behind the Assouan dam on 
the Nile, which is often spoken of as 
the largest in the world, although in 
fact the Winnibigoshish reservoir on 
the head waters of the Mississippi 
has a capacity of over 1,000,000 acre- 
feet. 



whil« her at 

.vide 

in the clear Including the win 

guar,! 

I lie very in 

sure will 

be about 100 

be provided w ith liugi i ts and 

quickly filling and emp ■ inn 
the con 

The operation of passing through 
the three locks with a vessel of ordi- 
nary size will probably not occupy 

over nne hour. When this is accom 
plished the ycssil may proceed under 
her own steam across Gatun lake 
and through the Culebra cut to the 
locks at the Pacific end These are 
planned in two structures, the first 
step down, of 30 feet, being at the 
Pedro Miguel lock. Then, two miles 
further on, the other two steps, mak- 
ing the descent of 55 feet, will be in 
the locks of Miraflores. 

The total amount of concrete re- 
quired for these locks is estimated at 
4,347,000 cubic yards. Stream diver- 
sions and the spillways for dams will 
take an additional 668,000 cubic yards. 

One can better appreciate these fig- 
ures by comparing them with the new 
Croton dam in New York, which is 
the largest mass of masonry in the 
world, but it contains only 855,000 
cubic yards. The Gatun locks will 




View, showing narrowest width (300 feet at bottom of future canal) of the Culebra Cut, on the Panama Canal. The cut at this point is 
twice the width of the Suez Canal at its narrowest. The full length of Culebra Cut is nearly nine miles. 

Photo from Report for 1 908 of the Isthmian Canal Commission. Courtesy of 1st Lieutenant Charles T. Leeds. 



3.33S buildings on the Isthmus, of 
which the French turned over more 
than 2,000, many of which are teing 
used after having been renovated, 
white-washed, and provided with 
screens and modern plumbing. 

Many of these old French build- 
ings had to be located by map, as 
they had become overgrown and hid- 
den by ten years' growth of tropical 
vegetation. It was not more than a 
year or two ago that a completely 
equipped machine shop was discov- 
ered in the jungle, at Caimito, and 
found to be so serviceable that it has 
been put to good use. Many of the 
French machines are excellent, and 
equal to anything we Americans have 
taken down there, but the bulk of 
their equipment appears to have been 
trash, ridiculously inadequate and un- 
fit for the work, and evidently pur- 
chased and sent out to the Isthmus 
as a part of the awful system of graft 
which was really one of the chief 
causes of the failure of the old 
French Company. Wherever you go 
you see this machinery piled up in 
the jungle or lying in the swamps, 
rusting and rotting away. It is de- 
pressing to see such waste, and one 



will be 300 feet wide at its narrowest 
place on the bottom. The highest 
elevation on the center line was 312 
feet above sea-level, and so, as the 
bottom is to be 40 feet above sea- 
level, the center maximum depth of 
cutting will be 272 feet, with sides 
considerably deeper. The total 
amount excavated from it up to June 
1st, 1909, by the Americans, was 33,- 
225,000 cubic yards, and there then, 
remained 44,768,000 cubic yards to 
complete it. 

The bulk of the material in the Cut 
below the surface soil, which is very 
deep in places, is a clayey sandstone 
or shale, not very soft, but rapidly 
disintegrating on exposure to the air, 
and crumbling to pieces. It requires 
to be broken by blasting, the drilling 
being done by a large number of ma- 
chines such as are used for well bor- 
ing in this country. 

They drill holes four or five inches 
in diameter, about 35 to 40 feet deep, 
at regular intervals. Each of these 
holes is sprung with light charges of 
powder two or three times until a 
cmity large enough to hold the pow- 
der required to do the final w-ork is 
formed at the bottom. The holes 



This lake will receive the waters of 
the Chagres river and all its tribu- 
taries, and convert this stream from 
a dangerous enemy to a faithful 
friends and ally. All silt and debris 
brought down by the streams will be 
deposited in quiet water miles away 
from the line of the Canal, where it 
can do no harm. The lake will af- 
ford clear and open navigation, on 
straight courses, where vessels may 
go at high speed, for 23 miles from 
Gatun dam to Bas Obispo, which is 
32 miles from the Atlantic end and 
18 miles from the Pacific end of the 
Canal. The lake level will range from 
about 81 to 85 feet above sea-level, 
the full level of the lake being 85 
feet above mean tide. At the end of 
the dry season the draft on the lake 
for lockages and power supply will 
lower it an estimated maximum 
amount of four feet. 

The Locks 

To reach the level of the lake from 
the Atlantic side the vessels will as- 
cend a flight of three steps, or mar- 
ine stairs called "locks", which are 
to be built alongside the Gatun dam 
These are to be built in duplicate, so 
that vessels may ascend on one side 



alone contain 2,096,000 cubic yards, 
or two and a half times as much as 
the new Croton dam. 

The cement for this concrete work 
is to come from Pennsylvania, a con- 
tract for 4,500,000 barrels having been 
let last year. The placing of concrete 
was . already begun last March, and 
at last accounts was being placed in 
the spillway of the Gatun dam at the 
rate of 680 cubic yards per day. 

The rock for the concrete will 
chiefly be obtained at a place called 
Porto Bello, 17 miles down the coast 
from Colon. A most extensive plant 
has been established here for quarry- 
ing and crushing rock on a gigantic 
scale. The plant is capable of crush- 
ing 2500 cubic yards of rock daily. 
The rock is handled by six steam 
shovels, 75 dump cars, and ten loco- 
motives, to and from the crushers, 
and it is conveyed by large barges to 
the Gatun -dam. 

The sand to be used on the Atlan- 
tic Division is coming from Nombre 
de Dios. a little sea port still further 
down the coast, 35 miles from Colon. 
This piace is the oldest settlement on 
the Isthmus and was first discovered 
by Columbus, who entered both the 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



ports of ■Nombre de Dios and Porto 
Bello in 1502. The sand supply to 
be had here is overlaid by a depth of 
several feet of soil which has to be 
removed to the extent of 289,000 
cubic yards before getting at the 2,- 
700,000 cubic yards of usable mater- 
ial mapped out by borings. To get 
at the sand with barges for trans- 
portation it has been necessary to 
dredge and blast out a channel at the 
mouth of the Fato river. 

The Dam's Huge Bulk 

The Gatun dam is to be built of 
earth, with a very large spillway of 
concrete in the center. The dam is 
to be 7000 feet long on top, but is 
not of such great height as to pre- 
sent any very serious problems; there 
are seve'ral earth, dams in California 
much higher. But as the entire 
Canal depends upon it, and to re- 
lieve all possible anxiety, it has been 
planned so much larger and broader 
than any earth dam ever built before 
that it seems absurdly huge. The 
top is to be 30 feet above the water 
line (originally planned to be 50 feet 
above the water line), and it will be 
100 feet wide, at a height of 115 feet 
above sea-level. The side slopes are 
to be 4 to 1 from the top down for 
25 tc 35 feet, then flattened to 8 on 
T, and again to 16 on 1, so that at 
the base the maximum thickness will 
become about 2,050 feet. 

Its Perfect Security 

The foundation is of good solid 
impervious clay, and the best of ma- 
terial is being used to fill the dam. 
It will be as solid and permanent as 
the eternal hills, and no one need 
feel any alarm or uneasiness about 
the security of that dam. 

It will contain over 20,000,000 cubic 
yards when finished, which is ten 
times as much as the largest earth 
dam now in existence. 

A few engineers and others 
throughout the country who have 
been misled by erroneous descrip- 
tions of the conditions prevailing in 
the foundation of the Gatun dam, or 
by the grossly exaggerated accounts 
of the land slips that have occurred 
in the new fills on the relocation of 
the Panama Railroad, continue to 
criticise, and express lugubrious fears 
for the safety of the dam, insisting 
that a great mistake has been made in 
adopting the lock type of canal in- 
stead of the sea-level type, but I have 
never met an engineer or layman 
who. after having visited the site 
since the excavations, pits and bor- 
ings were made, and became familiar 
with the actual conditions by per- 
sonal observation, ever expressed any 
such doubts or fears, except, pos- 
sibly, that irrepressible Frenchman, 
Bunau-Varilla, and even he. though 
he was once Chief Engineer of the 
Panama Canal, probably takes his in- 
formation about the Gatun dam by 
hearsay, as it was not projected or 
opened up in his day. 
Time of Passage Through the Canal 

"How long will it take ships to go 
through the Canal?" you ask. It is 
estimated that it need not take more 
than ten hours, although it is antici- 
pated that ship masters will want to 
linger in the fresh water of the lake 
at least 48 hours to take advantage 
of the opportunity to get rid of the 
barnacles on the ships' bottoms, fill 
up their tanks with fresh water, and 
take on supplies of fresh vegetables 
and fruits. 

Breakwaters, Harbors, Etc. 

At the Colon end the Government 
engineers are planning to make a safe 
harbor by building three miles of 
stone jetties, or breakwaters, in two 
sections, with an entrance 1,000 feet 
wide between them. This work is 
like the San Pedro breakwater, only 
longer, and is estimated to cost $11.- 
432,000, which is nearly four times 
the cost of our San Pedro breakwater. 
At the Panama end a mole, or dyke, 
three miles long, extending from the 



shore at La Boca to Naos Island, in 
Panama Bay, has already been near- 
ly completed from the spoil brought 
from the Culebra cut. This will af- 
ford protection for the Canal from 
waves coming from an easterly direc- 
tion across the line of the Canal, and 
will form a protected harbor at La 
Boca, although but little protection is 
needed on the Pacific side of the 
Isthmus. 

Plant Used on the Work 

To accomplish work on a large 
scale always requires an extensive 
plant of tools and general equipment. 
There is probably no place in the 
world whereon such an enormous 
plant has been assembled. The ac- 
counts show it has cost to April 30th, 
1909, the huge total of $38,759,489, 
which includes, of course, the Pana- 
ma Railroad improvements. This 
road is made the principal means of 
conveying the spoil from the great 
cut to the dumps, and it is said to be 
doing a heavier freight business than 
an-- other piece of railroad of equal 
mileage in the world. Since the 
Americans took hold they have not 
only double-tracked the road, but 
practically rebuilt it on a new loca- 
tion to avoid the Gatun lake and the 
Canal crossing. Some of the items 
of the plant sent down from the 
United States and. now in service are 
the following: 

One hundred and one steam shov- 
els, 33 of which are of 95 tons weight, 
and take 5 cubic yards at a single 
bite. 

Three thousand four hundred and 
forty-five dump cars, 29 Lidgerwood 
unloaders. for plowing a whole train- 
load of rock off to one side. 

Forty-two ballast plows, 23 spread- 
ers, 164 locomotives. 28 wrecking 
cranes, 12 dredgers, 6 tug boats, 29 
barges, 489 rock drills and drilling 
machines, and 21" air compressors. 
Dredging 

The dredges in this list comprise 
six dipper dredges, four suction or 
hydraulic dredges, and two sea-going 
dredges. The latter are expensive 
machines, costing $360,000 each. One 
is located on the Atlantic end and one 
on the Pacific, and the mud which 
they dig they swallow into their 
stomachs until they have all they 
can hold, when they steam out into 
deep water at sea, five or ten miles 
out, and there disgorge and return 
for another load. They can each 
thus masticate, digest and dispose of 
10,000 cubic yards per day, or 300,000 
yards per month. Dredging opera- 
tions are in charge of Major Edgar 
Jadwin, formerly stationed in Los 
Angeles. 

Besides the dredges T have men- 
tioned, -which are all quite new, they 
are using a number of old ladder 
dredges, of Belgian and Scotch man- 
ufacture, used bv the French. They 
are doing excellent work. One of 
them was in charge of a Frenchman 
who told me he had been at work on 
the Canal for 25 years, almost con- 
tinuously dredging. The total num- 
ber of dredges reported as working 
in May was 16, or eight on the At- 
lantic and the same number on the 
Pacific end. Six of these are of the 
suction type; seven of the ladder 
type, two of the dipper type, and one* 
of the orange-peel type. In May last 
these dredges removed a total of 1,- 
535,800 cubic yards. 

Estimated Cost 

The latest estimate of probable 
cost of the Canal is approximately 
$375,000,000, including the $40,000,000 
paid to the French, $10,000,000 paid 
to the Republic of Panama for the 
Canal Zone, and $15,000,000 loaned 
to the Panama Railroad. The total 
amount of money appropriated by 
Congress to carry on the work, in- 
cluding the preliminary payments, 
has been $210,070,468.58. The follow- 
ing expenditures have been made to 
Aoril 30th, 1909: 
Civil Administration ...$2,806,491.66 



Sanitation 8,468,515.50 

Construction and En- 
gineerin g/ 45,195,325.37 

Municipal Improve- 
ments 6,428,438.46 

Plant account 38,759,489.18 

Total $101,658,260.17 

These amounts are exclusive of the 
payments of $50,000,000 for the iCanal 
and the Canal Zone and $15,000,000 
loaned to the Panama Railroad. 

While the work is being conducted 
as economically as conditions will 
permit, the actual unit costs appear 
high compared with similar work in 
the United States. A statement for 
the entire work up to October 1st, 
1908, published in the official organ 
of the Canal, showed the following 
costs per cubic yard: 

Cents Per Yard 
Excavation 

Dry Wet 

Work $0.63 $0.09 

Plant 22 .11 

General Administration .12 .08 

Totals $0.97 $0.22 

The average cost for the entire 
period from May 4th, 1904, was about 
40% in excess of these prices. 
Canal Zone and Government 
'When Uncle Sam acquired the Pan- 
ama Railroad and the right of way of 
the Canal belonging to the French 
Company, he wisely concluded that 
he needed more elbow-room than 
such a narrow strip would give him, 
so he acquired ownership and juris- 
diction over a strip of territory ten 
miles wide with the Canal in its cen- 
ter. This is provided with a formal 
government, and with all the machin- 
ery of supreme, circuit and district 
courts, prosecuting attorney, police, 
prisons, fire protection, customs and 
postal service, etc., which such gov- 
ernment implies, and so peace and 
order are maintained. The Governor 
of this little bit of our Republic is 
Hon. J. C. S. Blackburn, formerly 
U. S. Senator from Kentucky, whose 
seat of government is a handsome 
cacitol building at Ancon, near Pana- 
ma. The Canal Commission enacted 
a Penal Code, a Code of Criminal 
Procedure, and laws suppressing lot- 
teries, prohibiting gambling, etc. 
These are supplemented by Executive 
Orders of the President having the 
force of law, extending U. S. Patent, 
trade-mark and copyright laws of the 
U. S. to the Canal Zone, providing 
for marriage by Protestant clergy- 
men, regulating insurance companies, 
providing for registration of land 
titles, enacting a Code of Civil Pro- 
cedure, and authorizing trial by jury 
in capital cases. 

Roads are being built on each side 
of the Canal to open the Canal Zone 
to agriculture. The area comprised 
in the zone is about 290.000 acres, of 
which about one-half will be covered 
bv the iCanal and the great Gatun 
lake. Three-fourths of the remainder 
or about 100.000 acres, is owned by 
the United States and is capable of 
supporting a large population, as the 
soil is fertile in the extreme. The 
lands are to be leased, for agricul- 
tural purposes only, for 25 years. The 
roads are being built from the reve- 
nues of the Canal Zone. 

Direction of the Canal 

One of the features of the Canal 
which it is very difficult to realize is 
its direction, the Atlantic end being 
more than 26 miles west of the Pa- 
cific end, instead of 50 miles east of 
it, as one would naturally expect. In- 
stead of crossing the Isthmus in an 
east and west direction the Canal has 
a general northwesterly course from 
the Pacific 'end, at Panama, to Colon. 
It seems strange at Panama to see 
the sun rising out of the Pacific 
Ocean in the east and setting in (he 
sam'e ocean in the west. 

The Type of Canal 

I think the whole world agrees that 



if there were no obstacles to inter- 
fere, and if we disregarded the time 
and money required to conquer the 
opposing floods of the terrible Chag- 
res fiver, the ideal type of canal 
would be one with a minimum width 
of 500 feet, excavated to a minimum- 
depth of 50 or 60 feet below sea-level 
throughout, and without locks except 
such as would be required to prevent 
the racing of tides through the Canal, 
but no one except Bunau-Varilla has 
ever had the temerity to suggest a 
sea-level canal of greater width than 
150 feet in the excavated portion, and 
even this narrow width would be en- 
ormously costly. General Abbot, the 
veteran engineer who devoted so 
many years to the study of the Pana- 
ma Canal problems, said that "double 
the cost and double the time should 
foe allowed for the completion of a 
sea-level canal, and when completed 
the canal would be distinctly inferior 
to a canal with locks." 

Before I went to the Isthmus I 
had a strong leaning to the sea-level 
type of canal, but after I had been 
over the ground and realized what 
this meant I was convinced of the 
wisdom of the choice made by Con- 
gress in adopting the lock type, with 
summit level 85 feet above mean sea- 
level. We are a rich nation, but we 
cannot afford the extra cost of a sea- 
level canal, and we cannot afford to 
wait the long additional years it 
would take to build it, if. indeed, it 
is feasible at all, of which I am not 
yet convinced. We residents of the 
Pacific Coast are more deeply con- 
cerned in the early completion of the 
Canal than anyone else. We need 
the increased security and the guar- 
antee of peace and immunity from 
foreign attack which it will bring, as 
well as the enormous stimulus to our 
traffic, and the increase of popula- 
tion to follow its completion. 

The difficulty of navigating large 
vessels and passing each other in a 
channel but 150 feet wide, where the 
vessels occupy so large a proportion 
of the waterway, is pointed out by 
experienced navigators as one of the 
serious objections to the sea-level 
type of canal, limiting its usefulness 
and increasing the hazard to ships. 
Another is the fact that so much of 
the sea-level canal has to be in a 
curved channel— 40% of the entire 
length consisting of curves where 
lighted buoys arc altogether imprac- 
ticable, and navigation at night would 
be out of the question. In the lock 
tyne of canal we are able to have not, 
.only much greater width, but the 
curves are reduced to 14% of the 
lena-th. so that the Dassagc may be 
made both night and day. 



CITY CLUB SPEAKER TODAY 

John W. Sweeney of San Fran- 
cisco. National Organizer of the 
American Federation of Labor, and 
member of the Executive Committee 
of the Good Government League of 
San Francisco, will address the City 
Club at the regular weekly luncheon 
today, at Hotel Westminster. His 
subject will be "Political Complica- 
tions in San Francisco, and the Re- 
lation of Los Anaeles Thereto." 



The man who invented the bill- 
board method of advertising that has 
now become a national nuisance, died 
the other day in Flushing. Long 
Island, worth a billion. His name 
was Alfred Van Buren. 

HARVARD SCHOOL (Military) 

OPENS SEPT. 21 

Western Ave. Boarding and Day Pupils. Ten- 
acre athletic field. Manual training Shops. U. 5. 
Array officr detailed by the Secetarv of War. 
Write for illustrated Catalogue. Tel. 72147. 
Grenville C. Emery, Lilt. D., Head Master 






PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



R. H. H. Chapman Writes to the Pacific Outlook 



publish below the full l< - 
an "op From K II. II. Chap- 

nian to (he Pacific Outlook. Mr 
Chapman is Los Angeles 

man, who during the past 
two \ Patrick 

bureau. The 
of the work of this bureau is to pro- 

■ lhotin and others in* 
with him, from punishment for hav- 
00 to Abe Ruef and 

- m Francis) 
r a franchise i< 
overhead trolley wire on Market and 

We give .uil readers Mr. Chap- 
man'- letter and urge that it he read 
for the following reason: Many 
estimable people who are anxious 
that the San Francisco bribe g 
he punished, nevertheless are dis- 
posed to find fault with Mr. Heney 
for hi- court room behavior, his los- 
ing of temper, his savage outbursts, 
his offers to fight and his general lack 
of dignity. Of course, there is one 
stereotyped answer to tlii-: Lhal il 
Mr. Heney were not the fierce bull- 
dog type ")' man that he i- he would 
since have abandoned this dis- 
heartening fight, and that justice tini-t 
have some defenders of his kind to 
get results in certain eases. But this 
does not entirely satisfy. On the 
oilier hand, when we read a letter 
like Mr. Chapman's, and recognize 
the significance of its origin, we 
should he le-s than human if we did 
not feel a thrill i f sympathy for the 
man who is called upon to endure day 
after day and year after year this 
hideous avalanche of insult, and our 
annoyance at his seeming truculence 
is supplanted by admiration for his 
self-control. 

We do not undertake to "answer" 
Mr. Chapman's letter. lie ha- the 
field to himself. — Editor of Pacific 

Outlook. 

To Editor of Pacific Outlook, 

Sir: In your current issue you an- 
swer — to your own satisfaction, at 
least — how Mr. Francis J. Ilcnev 
drew $69,000 from the Federal Gov- 
ernment while acting as assistant 
district attorney of the city and 
County of San Francisco. You 
ignore, however, the fact that the 
tenure of such dual office has been 
held by the highest authorities — 
which, incidentally, I suppose you de- 
spise — tii he a flagrant violation of 
the spirit, if not the letter, of the 
law. The latter is supposed to gov- 
ern even a special prosecutor of San 
Francisco, which city of strife fas 
you would know — if you had been 
nearer than 500 miles away during 
the last two years') since the tem- 
porary conviction of Ex-Mayor 
Schmitz, ha- bei n al thi mei cy of as 
monopolistic a dynasty as the most 
tyrannous European grand duchy. 

Will your ingenuity and your halt- 
ignorance of the facts — for. of course, 
you devour such authorities as Pro- 



o- 

e and the Fremont < llders 
rj you into sufficiently deep 

water to explain how Francis J. 
Heney. assistant district attorney. 
permitted his firm i^i I obb, 

with their side partner, J I Dwyer, 
i ive many thousands of dollars, 

- "office expenses", from the 
private purse of Mr. Rudol] h Spri i I 
or their preparation of the 
gains! Patrick Calhoun, 
Tirey I., h'ord. et al.? 

Again, will yon so gallantly rush 
of Mr. Heney as to 
explain how such a patriot "held up" 
the Southern Pacific Railroad in I KM) 
for the contract of importing peon 
labor? How Mr. Heney, in the mime 
i hoodoi e Roosevelt, w bom E. 1 1. 
Harriman had elected to the White 
House branch of his own Ananias 
Club, "made trouble" for Epes Ran- 
dolph and the Southern Pacific all 
along tlie border, until the "great un- 
paid prosecutor" (vide his panegyrists 
and his own ravings!) sent his 
■brother Ben, Mayor of Tucson, to 
"make terms" with Mr. Randolph: 
how Mr. Harriman's representative 
met Prank Heney in the Jonathan 
Club ajid told him brutally and blat- 
antly, in the presence of Mr. Ives and 
Mr. Manning (who previously had 
held the contract), that he, Randolph, 
was buying him — Francis J. Heney; 
that P.en Heney would do the work, 
he (Randolph) supposed, but that he 
(Frank Heney) could have the con- 
tract until the people kicked Roose- 
velt out — but that when the people 
kicked Roosevelt out, the Southern 
Pacific would kick Frank Plency out 
from importing peons, which, (as he 
had previously stormed), was against 
the law. And Heney answered not 
a work, hut look the contract. 

Please, lighten our darkness from 
your superior vision. 

Will you explain why as soon as 
Mr. W. F. Herrin wrote that contract 
between Ben Heney & Co., and the 
Southern Pacific Railway, Francis J. 
Heney ceased to shout from the pul- 
' pits of churches and in such univer- 
sities as degraded their sacred trust 
by allowing such an intemperate 
rascal to address the youth of Cali- 
fornia, that he would "send PTcrrin to 
the penitentiary where he belonged 
as the source and fountain-head of 
political corruption in California?" 

What in God's name is graft? 
What in hell is corruption? Is Heney 
black or white, or only a little brown 
or very yellow? 

I hope you will have the honest 
manhood to attempt to answer these 
questions, and if T have misstated a 
single fact. I am willing to declare 
Francis J. Heney is not (he prepos- 
terous mountebank and hypocrite 
which I. after two years' close ob- 
servation of him, have discovered. 
and know, him to be. 

Yours truly. 
R. H. HAY CHAPMAN. 
Los Angeles, August 2nd, 1909. 



Statistics Extraordinary for Teachers 



When Ihl \ 

\--o. i hi Los \u ■ 

wars ago. the 

guide book of this 
or tin ii-i "i visitin 

' e. ttain chief!) - tatistics and 

important facts about the city, with 
-lion- of what to -ee anil how 
i about. II al-o w as I" contain 
a brief history of the city. 

Somebody suggested thai the 1 k 

should present an article about the 
newspapers of the city, and some- 
bodj else, with a faculty for doing the 
wrong thing that amounts to a posi- 
tive burst "f genius, wrote to the edi- 
tor of the Times and asked him to 
turn out the article. Possibly, how 
ever, it was not pure idiocy, bul a 
de-ire to work a cheap bootlick that 
prompted the request. 

It was left to Superintendenl of 
Schools Moore, then a newcomer to 

the city, to edit the t k. and into his 

lam'- fell the article written by the 
editor about the newspapers of Los 
A ngeles. 

Superintendent Moore, after he had 
recovered from his astonishment, re- 
turned the article, not necessarily be- 
cause of a lack of merit but by rea- 
son of its being unavailable. "You 
sec," he might have said, but didn't, 
"we are getting out a guide hook, 
not giving tin exhibition of how to 
throw fits." 

So nobody hereabouts saw the 



article al lhal time. : 

or "tm 

means that it v 
job department and stuffed into the 

in 
awaj This is like printing your 
■y at yi 'in - own . nighty 

p. ior solace for a h ounded and bleed- 
ing If ci ii en Uso il was pub- 
lished in a pro-Callioun San Fran 

1 -< '.' I I : ly, hut thai did 1" 'I count 

for much cither. 

Now in inder thai l lie people might 
know just wliai the school teai 
missed when Superintendent M 
refused the article, the Times o pub 
lished it in last Sunday's edition. It 
fills two columns, and. we regret to 
say, cannot he produced in full in the 
Pacific Outlook. We have, neverthe- 
less given the article a careful read- 
ing, and have culled out every refer- 
ence to newspapers of Los Angeles 
or to newspaper proprietors or edi- 
lors. directly or indirectly, so that our 
readers may. without the dangerous 
stimulation inevitably attendant upon 
reading the entire article, judge for 
themselves as to whether it fulfills the 
requirements for a guide book, giv- 
ing facts and statistics for the use of 
visiting school teachers. 

The excerpts run as follows — and 
they are given with accuracy as any- 
one may readily determine by com- 
parison : 



A StriKing' Contrast 

By the Editor of the -Los Angeles 
Times: 
. . . And when I speak . . . 
T mean all ... I have used 
. . . I myself have seen ... to 
make him hate . . . for I declare 
. . . which I here describe . . . 
the daily press . . . widespread 
harm ... I do not hesitate 
. . . I would laugh ... I de- 
plore . . . though T were . . . 
I could wish ... a daily news- 
paper. ... I here reassert . . . 
T have so often . . . columns of 
the Times. . . . We stand for 
. . . I declare further ... I 
have declared . . . the Times 
. . . campaign against this journal 
. . . approval showered upon the 
Times. ... If we defied . . . 
We are fighting ... So I abjure 
. . . my fellow citizens ... I 

am sure . . . 

***** 
It was because Superintendent 
Moore refused to present this enter- 
taining and comprehensive history of 
journalism in Los Angeles to the 
visiting teachers, that the Times de- 
clared war upon the school system 
of this city, and announced its inten- 
tion of driving the superintendent out 
of town, 



"What Are "You Going to 
Do? 

Ex-Governor John W. Long in his 
Fourth of July address in Spring- 
field, Massachusetts: 

What are you going to do for 
good politics, remembering that this 
is a government of the people, by the 
people and for the people, and that 
you and each of you are .the people, 
and that that means a government 
of public opinion, and that it is you 
who form that public opinion? Vir- 
tue, public and private, will become 
easj and popular when it is the badge 
and inspiration of the leaders; and 
good influences from the top will per- 
meate through the whole body politic. 
as rain filters through the earth and 
freshens it with verdure and beauty 
and fertility. It is axiomatic thai the 
educated and virtuous in a free state 
can control it if they will, but only by 
constant vigilance and effort. 



The French Minister of Public 
Work is expected shortly to suggest 
several amendments to the road traf- 
fic regulations of that country. Each 
vehicle, whatever its type, will be re- 
quired to keep its proper place under 
penalty. A differentiation between 
main road traffic and that on side 
roads will also be made, the latter 
being required to give way to the 
other. 



10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



<& 



Government Reform in tKe United States for 1909 

George H. Shibley, President of tHe People's R.\ile League of America, 

in La Follette's Magazine 



*£& 



Practically all the Legislatures 
elected last year have adjourned, and 
a survey of the reforms achieved in 
governmental affairs is inspiring. 
Following are the principal ones. 

Direct Nominations 

Five more states have abolished the 
nominating convention by installing 
a system of Direct Nomination. The 
states are Michigan, New Hampshire, 
Idaho, Nevada and California. In 
Montana the Senate and House each 
passed a bill and then would not get 
together. . ( 

Nineteen state* rsiw possess a man- 
datory system ot direct nominations 
covering practically all the officers 
except that of delegate to the na- 
tional nominating conventions. These 
states are California, Idaho, Illinois, 
Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, 
Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nev- 
ada, New Hampshire, North Dakota, 
* Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, 
Texas, Washington and Wisconsin. 

In four states there is an optional 
system of direct nominations cover- 
ing practically all the offices except 
delegate to the national nominating 
conventions. The states are Ala- 
bama, Florida, Kentucky, and Tenn- 
essee. 

In three states there is a manda- 
tory system of direct nominations 
covering practically all the offices ex- 
cept positions in the State Govern- 
ment and delegate to national nomi- 
nating conventions. These states are 
Minnesota, Ohio and Pennsylvania. 

In four states there is a manda- 
tory system of direct nominations 
that apply to certain localities or of- 
fices. These states are Indiana, 
Massachusetts, New Jersey and Tenn- 
essee. 

In ten more states there is an op- 
tional system of direct nominations 
covering certain localities or offices. 
These states are (Connecticut, Dela- 
ware, Indiana, Maryland, Maine, 
Massachusetts, New York, North 
Carolina and Rhode Island. 

In practically all of the Southern 
States there are direct nominations. 

In other words, in about one-half 
of the States of the Union the cor- 
rupt nominating conventions are 
abolished except for the selection of 
delegates to the national nominating 
conventions; while in another one- 
third of the states direct nominations 
for certain localities are legally re- 
quired or the system is optional. 

Reviewing the movement for direct 
nominations it is clear that it is 
sweeping the country and with a 
rapidity that is almost incredible 
when there is considered the strength 
of the party machines and the peo- 
ple's unorganized condition. In the 
words of Professor C. E. Merriam 



in his book on Primary Elections 
published last year: "The inevitable 
conclusion from a study of recent 
primary legislation is that the dele- 
gate system is about to be sup- 
planted by the new form of nomina- 
tion. * * * So far as the munici- 
pal elections are concerned, it must 
not be forgotten that nomination 'by 
petition only* looms up as a danger- 
ous rival of the new system, while 
the non-partisan primary is a factor 
to be seriously considered." 

United States Senators and Repre- 
sentatives 

This year direct nominations has 
been extended to the selection of 
United States Senators in four states: 
California, Nevada, Idaho and Michi- 
gan. This makes a total of twenty- 
nine commonwealths wherein the 
United States Senators are directly 
nominated, namely, Alabama, Arkan- 
sas, California, Florida, Georgia, Ida- 
ho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, 
Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mis- 
souri, Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, 
New Jersey, North Dakota, Ohio, 
Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, 
South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vir- 
ginia, Washington and Wisconsin. 
This is a remarkable showing. 

In three states, now, there is what 
amounts to direct election of United 
States Senators. These states are 
Oregon, Nevada and Nebraska. Near- 
ly all of the party leaders are op- 
posed to this change, therefore the 
questioning of candidates by citizens' 
organizations is the only way where- 
by direct election of Senators is like- 
ly to be secured. 

Initiative and Referendum 

Another reform in the government- 
al machinery that is producing a 
mighty increase in the people's power 
is the restoration of a direct-vote sys- 
tem for questions of public policy — 
the Initiative and Referendum. This 
year in Arkansas the Legislature sub- 
mitted to the people a splendid con- 
stitutional amendment for the estab- 
lishment of the initiative and referen- 
dum, to apply to the State constitu- 
tion, statute law and municipal law. 
In the Senate the vote was unani- 
mous and nearly so in the House, be- 
ing 174 to 4. The system proposed 
is the one in use in Oregon, and the 
percentages of signatures required 
are the same, namely, eight per cent, 
for the initiative or a state petition 
and five per cent, for a state-wide 
referendum. 

In Nevada this year the Legisla- 
ture submitted to the next Legisla- 
ture a constitutional amendment for 
the initiative for constitutional and 
statute law, and the initiative and 
referendum for municipal law. The 
state already possesses the referen- 
dum for constitutional and statute 
law. The members of the Legisla- 



ture elected next year will determine 
whether or not the amendment will 
be submitted to the people. 

The Wisconsin Senate has passed 
a resolution for the submission to the 
people of an amendment to the con- 
stitution whereby they — the people — 
can veto the acts of the Legislature 
except emergency measures. 

In municipal affairs the initiative 
and referendum is forging ahead with 
leaps and bounds. Throughout the 
entire Union the Des Moines system 
of city government, which includes 
the initiative, referendum and recall, 
is meeting with almost universal ap- 
proval; while ill Kansas this year's 
Legislature has established an initia- 
tive and referendum' in all the cities 
of the state. Following are the 
states wherein the initiative and ref- 
erendum are used in some of the 
cities or in all of them: Texas, Missis- 
sippi, Tennessee, Oklahoma, Mis- 
souri, Iowa, Colorado, Kansas, Neb- 
raska, California, Oregon, Washing- 
ton, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, 
South "Dakota, Minnesota, Delaware, 
Massachusetts and Maine. A total 
of twenty states. In Illinois the leg- 
islature will probably authorize cities 
of the state to establish the Des 
Moines system. In Michigan and 
Ohio every ordinance granting a 
monopoly must be referred to the 
people. 

The states where the initiative and 
referendum are in full operation to- 
day for statute and municipal law are 
Oregon, South Dakota, Montana, 
Missouri, Oklahoma and Maine. In 
all of these states except Maine and 
Montana the initiative applies to con- 
stitutional law. 

The Recall 

In Nevada this year's Legislature 
submitted to the next Legislature a 
constitutional amendment establish- 
ing in the people a power to recall 
their public officers. The system ex- 
ists in Oregon and in a considerable 



number of cities. Throughout the 
Revolutionary War each member of 
the Continental Congress could be 
recalled by the Legislature that sent 
him. 

This year the recall has been used 
successfully in Los Angeles, Cal., 
and in Junction City and Estacada, 
Arizona. 

Limitation of Campaign Contribu- 
tions 

Oregon, Colorado and Nebraska 
are making a brave effort to solve 
the campaign problem. It will be re- 
called that in 1906 President Roose- 
velt in his annual message to Con- 
gress recommended that the people, 
through their government, should 
pay- the legitimate expenses involved 
in the election of their public offi- 
cials. Mr. Roosevelt suggested that 
only the two leading parties should 
receive government funds. Mr. 
Bryan, Senator La Follette, and 
others suggested that the third 
parties, also, should receive a pro- 
portionate share of the expense 
money. Colorado, in true Western 
.style, is making the experiment. A 
law has been enacted which provides: 
"That the expenses of conducting the 
campaigns to elect state, district and 
county officers at general elections 
shall be paid only by the State and 
by the candidates for office at such 
elections, in the following manner:'' 

The State is to pay twenty-five 
cents for each vote cast at the pre- 
ceding contest for Governor, to he 
distributed to the party chairmen in 
proportion to the votes cast by each 
party. Of this, one-half is to he 
transmitted to the county chairmen 
in proportion to the votes cast in 
each county. 

Candidates are prohibited from 
contributing to campaign committees 
anything to exceed twenty-five per 
cent, of the first year's salary. 

Individuals and corporations are 
prohibited from .contributing, direct- 

(Continued on Page 15) 



Modern Laundry Machinery 

Does NOT Wear Out Your Linen 



We have the largest and best equipped 
laundry on the Pacific Coast. Quit taking 
chances and let us do it right. :: :; 



Call up South 580, B 4231— We Do The Rest 

Electric Laundry Co. E^tVLst. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



11 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

An indexed review of all action by Council, Board o( Public Work?, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general interest. Record closes Wednesday night. 



Public Worh by Streets 

Sixth front Fremont to Beaudry; 
I. \ Interurban Ky Co. and P. E 
K> Co having failed to comply with 

i'. the 
il referred the matter to the 
ney. 
.35th and Griffin; light ordered 

45th St. from Normandie to West- 
ern; permission granted to lay -~i»K- 
walk under private contract. 

46th St. ironi Normandie !o West- 
ern; permission granted to make side- 
walk under private contract. 

47th St. from Normandie to West- 
ern; permit granted to lay sidewalk 
under private contract. 

Alley; pet. of L. 1. aliunde for vaca- 
tion of alley adj. S. P. rt. of way at 
( Iran. I Ave.; rcf. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Alley from Larissa to Win-low be- 
tween Maltman and Micheltorena; 
■ ml. of intention to vacate, passed. 

Avenue 53; petition of S. Wing 
asking vacation of 5 ft. off easterly 
side of Terrace Lane, and 6'/i ft. off 
northerly side of Ave. 53; denied. 

Beaudry and Figueroa; light or- 
dered placed. 

Bellevce from Casco to Oro; pro- 
test of C. M. Hutchinson el al at in- 
clusion in asses't dist; for improve- 
ment, filed. 

Figueroa and Beaudry; light or- 
dered placed. 

Griffin and 35th; light ordered 
placed. 

Lake Shore Ave. w'dening; title of 



propcrtj of \ W, Belden and V V, 

ordered examined. Purchase 
of property of Mrs. Gallety and Jane; 

Brown ref, to city atty. and com 
Moore between Cove and Ivanhoe; 

light ordered placed. 

Plata from Cast o t Oro; petition 
for vacation denied. 

Terrace Lane, see Ave. 53. 

Lots 3 and 5, block 8. Garvanza; 
claims of G. E. Manor and Isaac 
Crites of damages for impounding of 
storm-water adjacent to said lots, re 
turned to Council from lid. Pub. \\ ks, 
with reconi. to pay them respectively 
$50 and Sinn 

Lot 7, Blk. A, Goodenow-McClung- 
Curry Tr. ; assessment against Fred C. 
Fierke 'n sewer dist., canceled. 

Lot 1, and e'ly 20 ft. of 2, L. N. 
Breed's Sub. of Lot 1 Blk. 60 H. S.; 
quit-claim deed to O. Sassaman or- 
dered executed. 



General Legislation 

Automobile garages; ord. passed 
regulating* storage of gasoline. 

Blue Printing; bids advertised for 
by Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Clothes Cleaning Establishments; 
ordinance passed regulating storage 
of gasoline. 

J. F. Connell charges; dismissed at 
request of Tracy Mfg. Co., plffs. 

East Boyle Heights Main Sewer; 
filial ord. passed ordering construc- 
tion. 

Fire Alarm Boxes; bids to be 



' : 1", annul I 

Oct. 17. 
Fire Dept. Bids i ee'd fi 

of engine house at 2d and H 

ill general contract. C. l.eonardt. 

19; wiring, Woodill & Hulsi . 
plumbing, Tei rell, $1986; appro- 
priation for this purpose ref. to Fin- 
ance Com. 

Free Labor Bureau; $450 trans 
F< rred to pay arrearages - . 

Hercules Oil Ref. Co. ordered paid 
$122.10 for supplies. 

Industrial District, see Residence 
District. 

License Inspectors; the City Ally. 
presented draft of ord. changing 
designation of the License Inspectors 
and Collectors in the office of the 
City- Tax & License Collector, to 
"License Inspectors"; passed. 

Nurse at Receiving Hospital; ap- 
pointment of Wm. G. Johnson certi- 
fied by Civil Service Com. and con- 
hrnud by Council. 

Oil dripping from Automobiles; Oil 
Inspector recom. preparation of ord. 
governing the abuse; ref. to Legisla- 
tion Com. to report Aug. 10. 

Pawnbrokers and Second-hand 
dealers, and junk collectors and deal- 
ers; the ord. regulating their business 
amended by repealing requirement of 
report of sales and repealing prohibi- 
tion of carrying on business after 7 
o'clock. 

Plaza Park Toilets; bids ordered 
advertised for. 

Residence District; on Tuesday, 



Aug 10, tl 

tests against eliminating from the 

i o llowing territory: bi 
ning at Ji ti, i on and I [ope, a.long 
Hope to S. I' tracks, tin nee to Grand, 
to Jefferson, to place of beginning. 

Residence District; an ord. pa 
establishing certain portions of the 
city as a ri sid' ni e district, by mak- 
ing hi Industrial District of tin Eol 
lowing: commencing at 29th and Cen- 
tral, thence easterly to Naomi, thence 
to 32d, to Central, to pi. of beg. 

School property street assessments; 
Bd. of Education's reply to City Atty. 
ref. to Finance Com. The Board says 
the city ought to take care of the 
street improvements, since the city- 
will be relieved of direct tax for 
school purposes. 

Soldier's Exemption; only as ped- 
dlers arc soldiers exempt from paying 
license fee; hence request of C. I, Mc- 
Intyre, auctioneer, was denied. 

Street Connection with County 
Roads; Inspector of Pub. Wks. re- 
ported that a definite proposition will 
probably be submitted within two 
weeks, in the matter of improvement 
of city streets connecting with coun- 
ty roads now being constructed by 
Highway Commission. 

University Police Station; $20,000 
ordered transferred to Police Fund, 
for construction of new building and 
board instructed to adv. for bids. 

(Continued on Page 13) 



ASSESSED VALUATIONS 

OF LOS ANGELES CITY 
AND OF LOS ANGELES COUNTY 
SINCE I860 








l;7,,,L-«.t»ii 



H-'-l- 



3 



12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



2- 




eatfe> 



"The Warrens of Virginia" 

When the curtain rose on the "first 
performance of "The Warrens of Vir- 
ginia" in Los Angeles and in stock, a 
responsive, representative Belasco au- 
dience heartily applauded a scene re- 
sembling an oil painting of the Appo- 
mattox woods. Then, when a Con- 




ford as General Warren shows more 
ability and versatility than in any 
previous role. When his meeting 
with the Union general inflames him 
with animosity his forceful methods 
are reminiscent of "The Dollar 
Mark," but in the scenes with his 
family he masters lights and shades 



city in the third act, but this convul- 
sive clasping of her hands grows 
monotonous. 

. Following is the repertoire of the 
International Grand Opera Company 
for the second and last week's en- 
gagement at the Mason: 

Monday, August 9th 

"FEDORA" 

Three Acts by Giordano 

Cast of Characters 

Fedora Mme. Therry 

Countess Olga Mile. Donner 

Dimitro Mile. Williams 

Louis Ipanoff Mm. Colombini 

De Siriex Mm. Arcangeli 



Cast of Characters 

Leonora Mme. Therry 

Azucena Mile. G. Strauss 

Inez Mile. Zarad 

Manrico Mm. Bari 

.Count of Luna Mm. Zara 

Fernanda Mm. A. Oteri 

Ruiz Mm. Giuliani 

Wednesday Evening, August 11th 

"L'AMICO FRITZ" 

Cast of Characters 

Suzel Mme. Bertossi 

Beppe Mile. Strauss 

Catherine Mile. Donner 

Fritz Mm. Colombini 

David Mm. Arcangeli. 

Federico Mm. Giuliani 

Hanezo Mm. Frascona 



SOME OF THE PRINCIPALS OF THE INTERNATIONAL GRAND OPERA COMPANY 




ZARAD 
COLOMBINI 

federate and a Union soldier, coming 
from opposite directions, hailed each 
other by familiar names and finally, 
after suspicious, hesitation, discarded 
their muskets and drank at the quiet 
brook, we also drank the first re- 
freshing draught of the romantic, 
poetic yet rousing atmosphere which 
makes Wm. C. DeMille's play like an 
old soldier's dream. Yet the pathetic 
and futile side of that distorted phe- 
nomena, war, is so accentuated that 
the effect upon the audience is that of 
a peace conference. 

The concerted work of the com- 
pany is admirable, and more than a 
few words is due several distinctive 
characterizations. David M. Hart- 



DUCE-MEROLA 
STRAUSS 

of which the writer, for one, im- 
agined him incapable. Richard Ben- 
nett has another trying part this 
week. The conflict between love and 
duty has been often depicted drama- 
tically, but seldom with such duration 
of anguished suspense as in this play. 
Mr. Bennett's quiet work makes one 
feel the somber shadow which rests 
upon Burton, who, throughout three 
acts, is in the lugubrious anticipation 
of facing death, or the loss, not only 
of the girl he loves, but of his own 
self-respect. Miss Helen Holmes, in 
a part that fits her like a glove, is 
like a proud yet gentle flower, and to 
hear her say" "Warren" is a delight. 
She shows surprising emotional capa- 



THERRY 
BERTOSSI 

Desire Mm. Giuliani 

Rouvel Mm. Frascona 

Cirillo Mm. Gravina 

Borov Mm. Frascona 

Grech Mm. Oteri 

Sergio Mm. Correnti 

Nicola Mm. Marti 

Tuesday, August 10th 

"FAUST" 

Opera in Five Acts, by Gounod 

Cast of Characters 

Alargharita Mme. Merola 

Siebel Mile. Zarad 

Martha Mile. Zarad 

Faust Mm. Samoiloff 

Valentine Mm. Zara 

Wagner Mm. A. Frascona 

Mephistofeles Mm. Gravina 

Wednesday Matinee, August 11th 
"IL TROVATORE" 

Opera in Four Acts, by G. Verdi 



NORELLI 
SAMOILOFF 

Thursday, August 12th 

"LA TRAVIATA" 

(Camille) 

Opera in Four Acts, by Verdi, 

Cast of Characters 

Violetta Valere (Camille) 

Mme. Norelli 

Aunina Mile. Williams 

Flora Bervois Mile. Zarad 

Georgeo Germont Mm. Bari 

Alfredo Germont Mm. Zara 

Baron Dauphol Mm. Frascona 

Doctore Grenvil Mm. Oteri 

Marquis D'Obigny Mm. Kaplan 

Gaston Mm. Giuliani 

•" Friday, August 13th 

"OTELLO" 

Cast of Characters 

Desdemona Mme. Bertossi 

Emilia Mile. Zarad 

Otello Mm. Samoiloff 






PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 



■iuliani 

. . Mm. C 

Saturday Matinee. August 14t!i 

FEDORA" 

Three Acts, by Giordano 

Cast of Characters 

rherry 
. .Mile. D 

'. illiams 
lombini 
- 

..Mm Giuliani 

. . Mm. Gravina 
: Mm. 1'r 

Mm. 

. . . Mm. Correnti 

Saturday Evening. August 14th 

GRAND COMPOSITE BILL 

Introducing Double Cast of Principals 

and Entire Company 

Act II. 

"LUCIA DI LAMMERMOORE" 

Introducing the Sextette and Mad 

Scene 

Mine. Norelli, Mile. William-, Mm. 

Bari, Zara, -Oteri, Giuliani and 

Chorus 

Act II 

"IL TROVATORE" 

Camp Scene 

With Mile. Strauss. Mm. Samoilofi 

"CAVALLERIA RUSTICANA" 

Opera in One Act, by Mascagni 

Cast of Characters 

Santuzza Mme. R. Duce-Merola 

Lola Mile. Zarad 

Mamma Lucia Mile. M. Kaplan 

Turiddu Mm. Bari 

Alfio Mm. Zara 

• CONDUCTOR, G. MEROLA 



Burbank 

"The Honor of the Family," a 
dramatization by Paul M. Totter of 
certain incidents included in Balzac's 
novel, ' Menag: de Garcon," is an- 
nounced for presentation at the Bur- 
bank during the week beginning with 
the customary matinee tomorrow, 
(Sunday), and including a matinee 
performance next Saturday. The play 
was seen here a few months ago with 
Mr. Skinner in its leading role. How- 
ever, it never has been played in 
stock. 

The role of Phillipe Bridau is the 
iast William Desmond will play upon 
a local stage, at least for some time. 
Mr. Desmond's long, pleasant and 
profitable association with the Bur- 
bank slock company will terminate 
Saturday night, Aug. 14, when he will 
retire from the organization, A. 
Byron Beasley succeeding him and 
Mace Greenleaf, who is well known 
to Burbank audiences, becoming a 
permanent member of the Burbank 
forces at the same time. 

William Yerance will be seen as 
the old man, Phillipe's uncle; Miss 
Hall as the pretty and dangerous 
housekeeper, and Frederick Gilbert as 
her lover. Others prominent in the 
cast will include Henry Stockbridge, 
Harry Mestayer, Willis Marks, H. S. 
Dufneld, Gavin Young, David Edwin, 
Louise Royce and Margo Duffet. 

An effective scenic production is 
promised and it is asserted that his 
torical accuracy will be observed in 
the costuming. 



through the all 
crude ction, inane dial 

i much play. Ii 
this affair can be pruned and trimmed 
until 

to hamper the march of action, it 
will interest and entertain. \ 

but not a new one. since ch 
brotherly kindness and honorable in 
stitution have been preach* 

\ er since Moses' time. A 
cts: It i.- improbable, 
or in unspeakable taste, that the 
Armstrong i,, ,, 

int, even a trusted one. a letter 
iiom the girl be wronged. It is 
equally straining to credulity that a 
politician of Stone's (imp should 
casually present a dancing girl with 
a cheek for five thousand, before she 
had accomplished the task for which 
lie was paying her. To shear the play 
as sparingly as possible, it should at 
least end with Armstrong's declara- 
tion that the girl has the greater 
claim. What follows is the 'tag end 
of banality and belongs in Mr. Ted- 
ford's, wastebasket. Miss Fitzgerald's 
speech in the last act is too prolonged 
and should not be commented on by 
the bishop. Let his relenting, if he 
does relent, evidence its eloquence. — 
his eulogy of her words suggests that 
the playwright is congratulating him- 
self. This disinclination to leave any- 
thing to the imagination of the audi- 
ence is one of the glaring defects in 
"The Greater 'Claim." For instance, 
pray let us supply the menu of Miss 
Fitzgerald's breakfast for ourselves. 

The Burbank Company does con- 
scientious work this week. William 
Desmond and Harry Mestayer both 
appearing to greater advantage than 
usual. Hobart Bosworth is an effec- 
tive figure as the invincible political 
boss. Henry Stockbridge supplies 
needed, but occasionally rather cheap, 
humor, and Miss Duffet is a bright 
touch in the last act. Miss Hall is 
pleasing, but unconvincing. 



"The Greater Claim" 

"The Greater Claim," at the Bur- 
bank this week, is a striking instance 



Los Angeles City Work and Legis- 
lation 

(Continued from Page 11) 

Utilities Commission; action de- 
ferred until Aug. 10. 

Building for July 

During July, 627 building permits 
were issued, amounting to $1,022,213, 
as follows : 

Class B, reinforced concrete, a two- 
story building, $15,000. 

Class C, brick, IS one-story, 4 two- 
story, 2 three-story, 1 four and 1 five- 
story; total $220,375. 

Class D, frame, 272 one-story build- 
ings, $326,613; 24 one-and-a-half, $52.- 
700; 40 two-story, $168,020; 2 three- 
story, $84,575. 

Sheds, 52, $5,975. 

Foundations, 5, $21,164. 

Brick alterations, 40, $74,079. 

Frame alterations, 163, $53,032. 

Demolitions, 5, $680. 

The report for July, 1908, shows 
571 permits, valuation $1 ,352,290— al- 
most one-third more than this year. 




RT 




By LETA 

d An Gallery opens 
1 I : ■ ■ weeks with a 

... I ;yp 

tian scarabs and artistic jewelry by 
or Edgar Perera, formerly Con 
Mil to Italy. He is said to be the first 
Egyptologist that has ever designed 
and made the scarabs, amulet- and 
rare stones of the Assyrian and Ro- 
man period in Egypt into artistic 
jew clr\ IK.- ha- also made good use 
of his knowledge of Egyptian art in 
bis mountings of the precious and 
semi-precious gems of our country by 
making particularly graceful and orig- 
inal designs that have attracted a great 
deal of attention for their individual 
beauty and workmanship, and wdiich 
tire strongly contrasted to what is 
known as art jewelry. The exhibi- 
tion is in charge of Mrs. Herman J. 
Hall, curator of the Chicago academy 
of Fine Arts, who has spent many 
years studying the designing and mak- 
ing of jewelry of the periods which 
differ so widely in the various* coun- 
tries in the use and manner of mak- 
ing it. She lectures on this subject, 
and those who have been privileged 
to hear her know the rare treat that 
she offers. Her love and apprecia- 
tion of this beautiful art in jewelry 
makes one very keen to see and 
know very much more about it. Mrs. 
Hall has just closed an exhibition of 
this jewelry in San . Francisco, where 
she showed in the artistic Japanese 
garden tea room of the Fairmont 
Hotel. A great treat is in store for 
all those who go to view this beau- 
tiful display of Egyptian jewelry. 

The National Arts Club of New 
York, The Guild of Arts and Crafts 
of Boston, Minnesota, and Chicago 
have all been most enthusiastic in 
their praise and appreciation of this 
exhibition. 

Some information about Egyptian 
scarabs might be of value to those 
who have not paid special attention 
to their origin. Scarab is the name 
given to models of a certain beetle 
found in Egyptian mummies. The 
scarab was usually made of paste and 
glazed vyith different colors, some- 
times carved out of semi-precious 
stones and of steatite. The scarab 
was the symbol of the regenerated 
and resurrected life of the dead, and 
the flat base was engraved with 
names of deities, kings or symbolic 
signs. This symbol is the earliest ex- 
pression of the most ancient idea of 
the soul's immortality, and for over 
fifty centuries it held the position in 
the Egyptian religion which the 
Latin cross now holds with Christian 
people. 

Mr. S. E. Bierach, who formerly 
resided in Los Angeles and had a 
studio in Blanchard Hall, is paying 
a short visit to friends here. His 



HOR-LOCriER 

He architectural or the 

i 
well known in this city, an. I his water 
colors lii.. , onsidi I abli mi ril I 
is a regular exhibitor with the Water 
Color Society 01 New York, V, 

1 w In es \\ hile here he used to 

make prints in the English wood 
block style, which were very much 
admired, and considered very quaint 
and interesting. Mr. Bierach says he 
likes this part of the country better 
than ever and hopes to 'remain until 
September. 



Maynard Dixon and his wife are 
spending the summer up in the Flat- 
head Indian reservation, near the 
Yellowstone Park, where Mr. Dixon 
is resting from his strenuous winter's 
work in New York. He has been 
kept very busy there with his illus- 
trating, likes New Y'ork very much 
and says he is doing well. He is 
making some interesting sketches 
this summer among the Indians. 



Mr. Ostrander, well known writer 
and traveler of Los Angeles, who is 
now staying in New York, writes a 
friend here of the very interesting 
and excellent work that Mr. Wm. S. 
Daniels has been showing of New 
England scenes, and especially those 
of the forests. Mr. and Mrs. Daniels 
intend leaving their daughter at 
school in New Y'ork and to return 
here in the fall, where they will be 
gladly welcomed by their many 
friends. 



Mr. Frank Sauerwen, who is well 
known as one of our best painters of 
the desert, and bits of the Grand 
Canon, is spending the summer in 
Sierra Madre. His many friends wel- 
come him back and are glad to know 
that he is feeling fairly well this sum- 
mer. Mr, Sauerwen has been living 
most of the time in Taos, N. M., 
where he owns one of the quaint dobe 
houses peculiar to that section. 



Laughter 

Worry stalked along the road, 

Trouble sneaking after. 
Then Black Care, and Grief and 
Goad — 

Enemies to Laughter. 

But old Laughter with a shout 

Rose up and attacked 'em. 
Put the sorry pack to rout, 

Walloped 'em, and whacked 'em. 

Laughter frivols day and night, 

Sometimes he's a bubble, 
But he has a deal of might 

In a bout with Trouble. 
— John Kendrick Bangs in Ainsl 



14 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




wsw 




Arthur Farwell Talks on American 
Music 

Mr. Arthur Farwell, President of 
the American Music Society, was in 
Los Angeles this week, and with his 
father was a guest of Charles F. 
Lummis. It was not Mr. Farwell's 
first visit to this city by any means. 
Several years ago a trip to Los An- 
geles was an annual affair, and he 
numbers a good many friends here. 

Speaking of the work of the Ameri- 
can Music Society, which he founded, 
Mr. Farwell, explained that its pur- 
pose was primarily to educate the 
public to the value of the work done 
by our native composers. This must 
be accomplished through a systematic 
campaign and cannot be attained in 
two or three years' time, though al- 
ready the influence of the Society's 
work is being strongly felt and the 



given to Victor Herbert and Reginald 
de Kovan to write Grand Operas for 
production at the Manhattan and the 
Metropolitan Opera House contest 
for American composers. Then there 
is Frederick Converse's "Pipe of De- 
sire", which is to be produced at the 
new theatre next year after having 
been shelved by the Metropolitan for 
the past three seasons. 

Replying to the question, "Can a 
man do his best work because he is 
commissioned to write an opera?" 
Mr. Farwell says yes, the fact that 
there is a demand for his work is 
bound to be a strong stimulant, and 
when men like de Kovan and, Her- 
bert have demonstrated their musical 
ability to the extent tliey have, there 
is no reason why grand operas from 
their pens should not have great 
merit and meet with public approval. 



Vj/ 







ARTHUR 
Founder and President of 

results have been very gratifying to 
the musicians who have sacrificed 
their time and energy to its advance- 
ment. 

He has been ably seconded in the 
West by Eugene- Nowland, who 
formed the Los Angeles Center last 
April, and who created a great deal 
of enthusiasm in the Coast cities to 
the north. Mr. Nowland was largely 
responsible for the American Music 
Society Day, which is to be held at 
the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition 
on Sept. .25th, and which will do a 
great deal to spread the gospel of a 
greater recognition for American 
composers. Mr. Farwell thinks that 
all signs point to an awakening in 
this respect. Witness the commis- 
sion that Oscar Hammerstein has 



FARWELL, 
the American Music Society 

■ Mr. Farwell has heard Arthur 
Nevin's "Poia" and considers it a 
very fine work, the orchestration be- 
ing particularly well written. The 
Indian themes, he says, have been 
used very effectively and the opera 
should have a lasting success. Mr. 
Farwell has heard Elgar's New Sym- 
phony arid considers it a wonderful 
work. 

Referring again to his subject of 
American music, Mr. Farwell was 
emphatic in his declaration that the 
only way American composers can at- 
tain due recognition is through their 
audiences. Inducing artists to include 
American works in their programmes 
is not after all the best means, though 
it helps the cause a great deal. Com- 
posers must feel that there is a pub- 



lic demand for their productions; 
there must be the approval of popu- 
lar opinion because of the intrinsic 
value of the works performed. Says 
Mr. Farwell: "The recognition of the 
American Music Society is a national 
question, an affair of citizenship." 

It is gratifying to note that Mr. 
Behymer has asked each of the art- 
ists whom he will manage this sea- 
son to include on his or her pro- 
gramme at least one composition by 
an American musician, and that the 
authorities of the Portola Festival 
have set aside one day as American 
Music Society day. 

An informal meeting of the Ameri- 
can Music Society and those inter- 
ested in the subject of American 
music was held at the Gamut Club 
on Wednesday afternoon. Mr. Far- 
well and Mr. Nowland spoke on the 
subject and a programme of local 
compositions was given by Miss 
Zobelein, Harry Clifford Lott, and 
Edwin House. 

Mr. Farwell left Thursday for San 
Francisco, where he will attend the 
"High Jinks" of the Bohemian Club. 



ents, and her interpretation of Ara- 
neris, daughter of the king, was an 
excellent performance. Probably the 
artist who appealed to the audience 
most though was Mm. Arcangeli in 
the character of Amonasro, King of 
Euthopia; he uses his rich baritone 
voice to great advantage, but is a 
much better singer than actor. The 
Radames of Samoiloff lent to Mme._ 
Bertossi's work an effective and art- 
istic support, though Oteri, as the 
king and Mile. Zarad as the priestess, 
were hardly as satisfactory. An espe- 
cially fine bit of singing was the trio 
in the third act, between Aida, Ra- 
dames, and Amanosro. 

The chorus in the main was ex- 
cellent, though the accompanied 
chorus of priests and priestesses in 
the temple scene was a good deal off 
the key. 

The management has overcome the 



Mr. Behymer promises Los An- 
geles some good things musically this 
coming season. While in New York 
he completed arrangements to man- 
age the Auditorium for the Shuberts, 
and will have all his musical attrac- 
tions booked there in the future. A 
visit of Hammerstein's Grand Opera 
Company is within the range of pos- 
sibility, the only question being the 
raising of a sufficient guarantee. Dr. 
Ludwig Wullner, the celebrated Ger- 
man "lieder" singer, will be here in 
November, and some of the other 
artists engaged are: George Hamlin, 
the tenor; Mme. Marcella Sembrich; 
Fritz Kreisler, the violinist; Mme. 
Schumann-Heink; Mme. Teresa Car- 
reno, pianist; Meriz Rosenthal, Flon- 
zaley Quartet and the Damrosch Or- 
chestra, with Isadora Duncan, dancer, 
and La Loie Fuller with her dancing 
girls. 



Pronounced by the Northern press 
as an organization of great merit, the 
International Opera Company com- 
menced a two weeks' engagement at 
the Mason Opera House last Monday 
night, opening with Verdi's "Aida." 
This old favorite was given a splen- 
did presentation at the hands of a 
most capable company, the soloists 
and chorus responding splendidly to 
the heavy demands which the opera 
makes on the voices. The company 
numbers a very good cast of prin- 
cipals, several of them of much more 
than average worth, 'and Mme. 
Bertossi as "Aida" filled her role in 
a most satisfactory manner, possess- 
ing as she does a soprano voice of 
great power and brilliancy. Miss 
Strauss combines with a beautiful 
mezzo-soprano voice, and fine stage 
presence, pronounced histrionic tal- 



THE LOS ANGELES 

MUSIC SHOP 

3 15 Blanchard Building 

MAIN 2202 HOME 10082 



Christian Science Services 

Fourth Church of Christ, Sci- 
entist — Service at 11 a. m. in 
Symphony Hall, No. 232 South 
Hill St. Sermon from the 
Christian Science Quarterly. 
Subject: 

"SPIRIT" 

Children's Sunday School, 
* 9:30 a. m. 

Wednesday evening meetings 
in Blanchard Hall, No. 233 So. 
Broadway, at 8 o'clock. 

Reading Room, 510 Herman 
W. Hellman Building, Spring 
and Fourth streets. Open daily, 
except Sunday, from 9 a. m. to 
9. p. m. 



Christian Science Services 

Second Church of Christ Sci- 
entist— Ebell Hall, 18th and Fi- 
gueroa streets. 

Third Church of Christ Sci- 
entist — Simpson Auditorium, 734 
S. Hope Street. Services Sun- 
day 11 a. m. and 8 p. m. Ser- 
mon from the* Christian Science 
Quarterly. Subject: 

"SPIRIT" 

Children's Sunday School 
9:30 a. m. Wednesday evening 
meetings at 8 o'clock. Reading 
Rooms, 510-511 Herman W. 
Hellman Bldg., Spring and 
Fourth streets, open daily, Sun- 
days excepted, from 9 a. m. to 
9 p. m. 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Devoted exclusively to Music, Art, Science 
Studios and Halls for all purposes for real. Largrst 
Studio building in the West. For terms and all infor- 
mation apply to F. W. BLANCH ARD, 
233 S Broadway - - 232 S. Hill St. 
Los Angeles, California 



STUDIOS FOR RENT 

Well lighted and quiet studios in 
the GAMUT CLUB Building. Espe- 
cially attractive Rummer quarters ; 
for musicians and artists. For , 
terms apply to the Manager, 1044 
South Hope Street. j 



31In©©& Mra© 



IN ALL ITS BRANCHES 



PACI FIC OUTLOOK 



IS 



i. and 

Mr to amply 

"l.uei di I.amnur 
11 introducing Mme. 
li, Mile. V\ l m . Ban', 

Mm. Earn, and Mm. Guiliani. 

ay matinee, '"Faust," and 

in the evening, "Carmen" with Mme 

K D . in t lie title 

Thursday, "II Friday, 

illeria Rusticana" and "I Psg- 

" Carmen" 

this evening's per- 

Formam 



The choir of the Jewish 5j 

m B'nai H'riili, will com- 
mence about I he middle of August t" 
re for the two mosl important 

- of the year. New Year'.- Day, 

and the Day of Atonement, which fall 

time in September, The music 

used is taken largely from tra- 
ditional Hebrew works, though mod- 
ern music is sung to some extent; a 
slight idea of the preparation neces- 
sary will lie gained from the fact 
that there are one hundred and ten 
concerted numbers to he given on 
lay of atonement, ami the even- 
ing before, as well as a number of 
The choir consists of a mixed 
quartette, directed by Mr. Joseph 
i'. Dupuy, the conductor and or- 
ganist. 

Conductor Dupuy is already laying 

I Ian- for the coming season's work 

Orpheus Club, and will begin 

rehearsals a week from Monday 

night. 

Mr. Hurley Hamilton returned from 
his Eastern trip via Seattle, and while 
at the Exposition conducted the Seat- 
tle Symphony Orchestra at the con- 
cert they gave on Sunday. July 25th. 
Though he had only one rehearsal 
with the orchestra. Mr. Hamilton 
says it responded well. and very 
creditably performed the following 
programme: 

Parting March (Leonare Sym- 
phony) Raff 

Overture ("King Bias") 

Mendelssohn 

"Elisa's I'.ridal Procession" (Lohen- 
grin) Wagner 

Three Dances "Henry VIII"". 

German 

I. Morris Dance. 
II. Shepherds' Dance. 
III. Torch Dance. 
Prologue ("Pagliacci"). . . .Ponchiclli 

Elegiac Melodies Greig 

1. Heart Wounds. 
II. Spring. 
Overture, "Raymond" Thomas 




morrow afternoon will witness 
the long talked of i » ecu 

the Locomobile and Stearns 

i\ill be their second race, the 
on by the I 
in a 150-mile contest and there is ' 
great deal of feeling between 

the respective ear-. The 

tin i 

in the Santa Monica Classic, and now 
1. ravin, agent for the latter car, is 
anxious to demonstrate that hi' can 
give Slaughter's car a decisive beat- 
ing, and thus settle for good the 
question ol supremacy. The match 
as arranged for is a 300 mile event, 
for $5000 a side, and will probably 
draw a large crowd of spectators to 
Woi Park. 



In the coming Baidy race to l.e 
held Sept. 19, tlie Apperson Jackrab- 
bit, Peon T. Shettler's entry, has 
drawn first position, and will leave 
Seventh and Broadway at 5 a. m., 
the White Steamer will leave half an 
hour later and the Pope-Hartford 
last, getting away at 6 o'clock. 



Mr. Joseph \ T . Whybark has been 
appointed director of sight singing. 
and public school music in the Col- 
lege of Music of the University of 
Southern California, and has also 
been placed at the head of the vocal 
music department of Whittier Col- 
lege, and of sight singing in the V. 
W. C. A. here. The Educational 
Choral Society of which Mr. Why- 
bark is conductor will commence re- 
hearsals on September 21st. 



\\ . D Howard Motor Car Com- 
pany has secured the agency for the 
Winton automobile, a six-cylinder 
car. considered one of the best of 
its make on the market. A feature 
is the patent self-starting device 
which does away with cranking the 
car. In order to start the machine, 
the operator simply presses a small 
foot lever located on the floor boards 
and a compressed air apparatus auto- 
matically turns the motor over. 



Two great American speedways will 
he opened soon, that at Indianapolis 
this month and the new track at At- 
lanta, Ga., in November. The open- 
ing of the Indianapolis speedway to 
motoring has been set for Thursday. 
Friday and Saturday, August 19, 20 
and 21, when a meet will be held. 
The first day will start with prelim- 
inaries of sprint events and record 
trials, winding up with a long dis- 
tance race, 250 miles in length. On 
Friday the semi-finals of the free-for- 
alls will be run and the big race will 
lie a 300-mile stock chassis event for 
the Prest-O-Lite trophy. Finals of 
the free-for-alls will be run Saturday 



and the mi it will wind up with a 
distance race for the Wheeler 
& Schebler tropl - 

Work on the at Atlanta 

has -luted and the opening of the 
track has bei n set foi \°<>\ ember 9, 
when a -t day meet will lie held. The 
mill will lie held at the time of the 
national show in Atlanta, the pro- 
posed program calling for a stock car 
race at 300 miles for cars of from 
451 to 600 cubic inches piston dis- 
placement; a 3O1-4S0 light car race at 
250 miles; a 350-mile free-for-all for 
the Atlanta trophy; a sweepstakes 
with five classes . In addition there 
will lie short races and speed trials, 
the meeting being a 4-day affair. This 
track will cost, when completed, it is 
said, a quarter of a million dollars. 



George Robertson, in a Simplex 
car, with Al Poole as mechanician, 
won the 24-hour automobile race at 
Brighton Beach, N. Y., last Satur- 
day; the distance covered was 1091 
miles. The Ranter was second with 
1041 miles to its credit, a Palmer and 
Singer car third, with a record of 968 
miles, and the next four cars in the 
following order; Stearns, Lozier, 
Acme and Haynes. The Buick people 
filed a protest before the race, claim- 
ing that the minimum price limit of 
$2500 on competing cars was intro- 
duced in order to bar the Buick team, 
consisting of Strang, Chevrolet and 
Burman. 



The new and handsome garage of 
the Stoddard-Dayton agency at Tenth 
and Olive streets was opened Mon- 
day. It is a fine building of two 
stories, covers a floor space of 2S.00O 
feet, and is one of the best equipped 
garages in the country. 



The 1909 Glidden Tour finished 
Friday afternoon, July 30th, and has 
been pronounced the most success- 
ful tour yet held. A Pierce car was 
the first to cross the line, followed at 
short intervals by the other entrants 
who had not dropped out on the way. 



It is reported that next year's Glid- 
den Tour will start in San Francisco, 
and go east by way of Omaha and 
Council Bluffs. 



Government Reform in the United 
States for 1909 

(.Continued from Page 10) 

indirectly, any money or prop- 
if any kind or character to any 
or to any committee of a 
political party, or to the chaii 

thereof, or to any member or 

i. The penalty for violation 
-hill . years in the 

a fine of not to ex- 
ceed $5,000, or both. The same pen 
alty is provided for any member or 
officer of a political committee who 
shall violate this act. 

In Nebraska the Legislature has 
provided for publicity for contribu- 
tions to funds for the election of 
public officials, above $25, the pub- 
licity to be before the election. 

Last year in Oregon the people 
used the initiative to establish a care- 
fully devised system for limiting the 
use of campaign funds in the cam- 
paigns for the nomination of public 
officials as well as in the campaign 
for their election. The act is known 
as the Huntley law. Its substance 
will doubtless be enacted wherever 
the people use the initiative. It is 
not to be expected that many of the 
party machines will go in for self- 
purification to the extent of the re- 
striction in the Oregon law. 

The foregoing are the government- 
al reforms for 1909 that the writer 
has been able to discover. Additional 
data will be disclosed when the year 
liook issued by the New York State 
Library is published. 




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PACIFIC OUT 




Vol. VII. Mo. 7. 



Los Angeles, California, August 14, 1909. 



5 Cents~$I.OO a Year 



CLASS AGAINST CLASS 



The Fourth-of-July orator loves to tell 
us that there are no such things as classes 
in this free country, that all are equal be- 
fore the law, and that the man who dis- 
putes these statements is an anarchist, in- 
tent on making- trouble. On the fifth of 
July, he resumes his practice as an attor- 
ney, goes into court for a wealthy client 
who has given him a large fee, gets the op- 
posing litigant, who. having no money has 
hired a cheap lawyer, non-suited, or 
knocked out of court on a technicality, and 
returning home that night fails to offer his 
seat in the street car to a tired-looking 
woman, because he recognizes her as a for- 
mer servant of his household. 

"Beware of cant," said Dr. Samuel John- 
son to Boswell, who was. we suspect, in sad 
need of the admonition. 

( )f course, there are classes in this coun- 
irv — all kinds of classes. You can divide 
people up. just as you can saw a log, cross- 
wise, lengthwise, cornerwise or any other- 
wise. We can separate them into rich and 
poor, which is a very crude classification, 
but a popular one ; into educated and ignor- 
ant, which is a Stupid way, for the most 
educated are sometimes the most ignorant: 
into those that labor with their hands and 
those that labor with their heads ; into those 
that booze and those that tetotal ; into 
blondes and brunettes; into one particular 
ego and all the rest of the people — and on 
countless other lines of cleavage. 

Of course, there are classes: Sociology 
deals in classification; the science of econo- 
mics recognizes them ; our business system 
makes them and accepts them, and the 
whole social fabric is shot through and 
through with class distinctions; only the 
law with a bandage tied tight around her 
eves declares she cannot see them. The 
statute book studiously ignores them, and 
no tribunal in the country allows them so 
much as an obiter dictum. 

( Ine is reminded of the scene in the opera 
of the Pirates of Penzance. The entire 
chorus and most of the actors are grouped 
about the stage. Enter in front on tiptoe 
and whispering two characters, who have 
a secret to discuss. "Are we alone?" asks 
one. "Yes you are alone." sings the chorus. 
•'You are all alone ; proceed." "Methought 
I heard a noise." says the other character, 
suspiciously. "He heard a noise," bellows 
the chorus at the top of its lungs. Crash 
goes the cymbals and boom, boom the ket- 
tle drums.' "No, all is still." says the other, 
and they go on with the secret. 

That is the way it is with our law-mak- 
ing bodies anil our courts, with respect to 
classes. Anyone who suggests that such a 
thing exists is sternly reproved, and the 
work proceeds of making laws in the inter- 
est of one class against another, and of in- 
terpreting and administering them on the 
same basis, ft is all done in accordance 
with the rules of the game, and nobody is 
very much to blame. We have been at it 
so long, that it is crusted all over with cus- 



PAC1FIC OUTLOOK 

Published Every Saturday 

837 South Spring St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 
Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN, Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered «■ iccond-claBi matter April 5, 1907, at the poitomce at 
Loi Angelei, California, under the act of Congreii of March J, 1879. 



torn and precedent, and has hardened into 
a system. It is not easy always to recog- 
nize its original outlines, nor can we al- 
ways tell just how or where it started. But 
there it is, and pray let us not add hypoc- 
risy to the rest of our short-comings by- 
pretending that it does not exist. When 
we have faced the facts frankly for a time, 
we may be able to work nearer to a remedy. 

While we talk a good deal about distinc- 
tions based on family, or intelligence, or 
character, or social position, in the last anal- 
vsis it is money and money only that di- 
vides people into classes ; the only universal 
and indelible mark between them is the 
dollar mark. Remember that this is not 
Fourth of July now, but just a plain week 
day, and we are allowing ourselves the 
privilege of a little honest speaking. 

Is Lazurus the equal of Dives before the 
law when Dives can employ attorneys 
skilled in all the intricacies and technicali- 
ties of the game, and Lazurus cannot? 
When Croesus is hurt in a railway accident, 
he may recover all kinds of damages, while 
the Johnnie that loses a leg coupling cars 
is in great luck to get a jeb as crossing man 
in lieu of cash indemnity. Investigations 
covering a score of years of the steel plants 
of Pittsburg showed that they were accus- 
tomed to pay for a leg or an arm from 
nothing at all (usually) up to $125 (rarely i. 
and for a life from aothing at all (usually) 
up to $300 (rarely). In nearly every state 
in the Union, the law on the subject of dam- 
ages for employes is rotten with devices to 
protect the employer who chooses to fight. 
Does anyone question the fact that this 
whole system of legislation, court practice 
and judicial decisions has its basis in the 
poverty of the employe as against the ac- 
cumulated means of the employer? Con- 
sider too that the national government 
raises over $200,000,000 a year in indirect 
taxes on the necessities of life, (hi whom 
does that fall heavier— the rich man who 
pays one per cent of his income for neces- 
sities or on the poor man who pays ninety 
per cent? The tax on incomes is denounced 
as a deliberate attempt to put a burden on 



the rich, and fort) year of persistent agila 

t i> hi have been required to give us even .: 

righting chance of its passage — in (In- face 

of an unquestioned revenue necessity. 

When John Doc gets $10 or ten days 
he gets it then and there. When John I). 
gets $29,000,000 line it lakes in., "re than 
2' 1.000,000 years to collect it. 

All these things and a thousand more 
are down on the to-be-corrected list ; hut 
let us remember that no wrong is ever made 
right, until somebody has the nerve to drag 
it out into the sunlight and talk plain lan- 
guage about it. 

The theory of the past, which is stili en- 
tertained by some of this generation, seems 
to have been and to he, that it is all right 
for the fellow on top to tighten up the 
screws on the fellow below, but when the 
fellow below lets out a roar, that is anarchy 
and a "war of clawss against clawss." 
* * * 

THE RECALL ADMINISTRATION 



The morning machine Republican news- 
paper which supported .Mayor Harper 
against the recall, as long as there was any- 
thing left of him to support, seems now to 
get great satisfaction out of referring to 
Mayor Alexander the ''recall mayor" and 
his commissioners, friends and supporters 
as "recallites" and pretty much the whole 
city government, except Mr. Parkers five 
councilmen, as the "recall administration." 

This performance sets a new high-water 
mark of stupidity for a journal with an as- 
tounding record of political follies. Almost 
anybody can do a fool thing once in a 
while, "hut it calls for positive genius to 
make it unanimous. If there is one thing, 
next to consolidation, that is popular here- 
abouts just now it is the recall of the man 
who assisted Oswald in organizing a red- 
light district for profit. Breathes there a 
man with soul so sodden with partisanship, 
as to wish "A. C." back in the mayor's 
chair? Even the machine leaders, for the 
most part decent fellows personally with a 
pride in Los Angeles, cannot think of his 
return without a shudder. The saloon peo- 
ple wdio said he was "good enough for 
them" would not for a moment ask to have 
him back. 

Or, to put the issue in a tangible form, 
suppose the law had made the people's act 
recalling Harper merely interlocutory, so 
to speak, and that at the end of five months. 
right about now. we must take another vote 
confirming our original action. Xow then. 
how many people would vote to restore him 
to serve out his term? How- many? Why, 
the answer could he expressed only in red 
ink. 

The recall is popular, then; people ap- 
prove, of it :they are glad i; was done; the) 
are grateful to those who did it; the mayor 
they selected has distinctly mad 
Shall we go on with this line of predigested 
thought process, of logical sequence done 
into words of one syllable? It is perfectly 
safe. We are not putting this valuable 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



political' asset in any danger, because not 
even a surgical operation could get a new 
idea into the head of our machine contem- 
porary." The Old Guard gets licked right 
along, but it never changes its mind. 

So we may venture a step or two further. 
If the recall was such a good thing, saving 
the city from disgrace at a critical moment, 
and if the "set" or "clique" or "crowd" that 
engineered that movement, and that gave 
us an honest and capable man for mayor, 
are willing to try their hand at steering 
things for the coming city election, are they, 
not entitled to the good wishes and the 
backing of every citizen that is not abso- 
lutely tied up to the machine or to the for- 
tunes of some individual candidate? All 
that hangs together logically, doesn't it? 
Here is the Republican city machine organ 
calling . for Republican primaries — old- 
fashioned informal primaries, with tissue- 
paper ballots, fisticuffs and all the rest of 
it — and a Republican convention, to nomi- 
nate Republican candidates for the city of- 
fices. And what was the record of this same 
Republican machine faction with respect to 
Harper and the recall? It elected Harper, 
to begin with, by deliberately shifting its 
vote at the last minute from its own vic- 
timized candidate, Lindley, to Harper. Who 
ran the Anti-recall campaign but henchmen 
of Walter Parker, the machine leader and 
Southern Pacific employe? When Harper 
grew frightened and pulled out of the fight, 
whose consent and advice did he seek — ac- 
cording to his own account — but that of 
Walter Parker, and who was his attorney 
before the city council but D. C. McGarvin, 
Southern Pacific attorney and chairman of 
the Republican city central committee? 

One would think the machine people who 
must now face the voters with a batch of 
candidates would rather have these things 
forgotten, yet their chief organ continues to 
call attention to the fact that this is a recall 
administration and that the Good Govern- 
ment people are "recallites". 

The title is a badge of honor that is re- 
ceived with gratification. The Good Gov- 
ernment forces could imagine no more con- 
vincing issue with which to go into the 
coming contest than whether the late recall 
was of benefit to the city. 
+ + + 

THE HARBOR PROGRAMME 



On the 4th of August 1909 there took 
place one of the half-dozen greatest events 
in the histor)' of Los Angeles — an event 
that deserves to rank with the founding of 
the city, its occupation by the Americans, 
the entrance of the railroad, and the ending 
of the San Pedro-Santa Monica contest. 

This event was the union of Wilmington 
and Los Angeles, giving the metropolis an 
outlet to the ocean. 

The annexation of San Pedro was of 
minor significance ; whether it came in or 
not, Los Angeles was in a. position, after 
the union with Wilmington, to establish its 
own deepwater harbor, free from the mon- 
opoly of any railway line. 

We may put this down as step number XI. 
in the Harbor Programme. Those that pre- 
ceded were as follows : I. Construction un- 
der a subsidy from Los Angeles county of 
the railway connecting Los Angeles and 
San Pedro, now the Southern Pacific San 
Pedro branch. II. Development by appro- 
priations from the national government of 
the inner harbor of San Pedro, or Wilming- 
ton, to 18 feet of water. HI. Construction 
of Terminal Railway to inner harbor ; tem- 



porary competition. IV. U. S. Government 
finally decides to construct deep-water har- 
bor of refuge at San Pedro. V. Government 
begins upon plan for deep-water harbor of 
commerce in the inner bay, but strikes snag- 
in the Banning claims to tide-lands under- 
lying harbor' waters. VI. Chamber of Com- 
merce renews fight for free harbor, heading 
off corporation grabs and preparing to test 
the Banning claims. VII. Annexation of 
shoestring strip making Los Angeles con- 
tiguous to Wilmington and San Pedro. 
VIII. City Government takes place of 
Chamber of Commerce, appoints Harbor 
Commission and starts suits to clear title 
to tidelands. IX. Adoption of charter 
amendments preparing the way for con- 
solidation. X. Legislation secured making 
consolidation possible. XI. Outlet to the 
ocean accomplished. 

It may be interesting to look forward a 
few chapters further in the same pro- 
gramme, although this is in the realm of 
guess work. XI. Paved highway between 
this city and the ocean. XII. Voting five 
million dollars bonds for municipal wharves 
and harbor development work. XIII. Se- 
curing larger appropriations from Congress 
for harbor work. XIV. A competing rail- 
way to the harbor. XV. Tide land ques- 
tion cleared up. XVI. Long Beach asks to 
be admitted and is received into the city. 
XVII. Municipal railway coming up the 
river bed. XVlII: Opening of Panama 
canal. XIX. Several more transcontinental 
roads. XX. Ship canal to Nigger Slough ; 
vast industrial development between the 
present city and the ocean. XXI. Los An- 
geles a city of over a million population, 
one of the great harbors of the world. 

There is nothing about this latter half of 
the programme that is more wonderful or 
more difficult than the first half. Indeed, 
it is to be questioned whether there is any 
spot in the whole story, clear through to 
number XXL, that is as hard to get over 
as number IV. — the San Pedro-Santa Mon- 
ica contest. That took ten years and it was 
a fight every inch of the way — a fight in 
which we had nothing on our side except 
the people and the right, and which came 
in an epoch when the "Interests" were .vast- 
ly more powerful than they are today. If 
that contest had gone the wrong way, this 
city would now be commercially What some 
people are seeking to make it political^, a ' 
Southern Pacific dependency, and our peo- 
ple would be taking only a listless interest 
in the question of whether we had a deep- 
water harbor or not. The harbor would 
not be ours, except to look at. 

Today the citizen of Los Angeles is en- 
titled to hold his chin something like half 
an inch higher than he did two weeks ago. 
His city is no longer an inland affair but 
now fronts upon the. world's great open 
highway — the ocean. And this front is not 
going to be fenced off by any railway cor- 
poration with a ticket taker at the gate. 
We have been through that experience, and 
will have no more of it. 

LOS ANGELES AND ATHENS 

Los Angeles is unique in so many things 
that the extraordinary shape it has taken 
on since it made its way to the water front 
might naturally be accepted as merely one 
more item in the list. But that is not en- 
tirely unique ; history presents a famous 
precedent in Athens and its port, the 
Piraeus. About 456 B. C, Athens, under 
the leadership of Pericles, pushed to com- 
pletion a plan begun by Themistocles of 



carrying its walls five miles to the sea coast, 
enclosing a strip about a thousand feet 
wide, and at the ocean, walling in the town 
of Piraeus. This gave a general shape to 
the completed city very like what we have 
how with' our shoestring strip and our 
ocean frontage. 

+ +" + 

WHAT DO YOU READ? 



Answering this question, the busy man or 
woman of today says : "The daily newspa- 
pers, two or three magazines, and once in 
a great while, if someone specially recom- 
mends it, a book." 

Never mind the newspapers. Never mind 
the book. Let us consider these "two or 
three magazines." 

When the present 50-year-old generation 
was a baby, the woman who came on Mon- 
days to help with the washing could not 
read nor write; and it was three chances 
out of five that her sons and daughters 
were growing up in the same condition of 
mental blindness. With the close of the 
Civil War came a vast expansion of the 
school system, and with it compulsory ed- 
ucation. White American illiteracy has 
ceased to exist, and more young people now 
take a high school course than acquired the 
"three r's" in our father's time. 

The first fruit of this extension of funda- 
mental culture was the rise to influence and 
authority of the newspaper. In the epoch 
from '60 to '90, the place once held by the 
pulpit and the book was seized and occu- 
pied by the newspaper. The magazine 
existed and grew, but its sphere of influence 
was limited. Its circulation was chiefly 
among the well-to-do. Few people bought 
i.t at news stands — it was subscribed for by 
the year. It contained few advertisements 
because its circulation was insignificant. 

About 1890 Frank A. Munsey began the 
publication of a good 10-cent magazine. 
This was one-half of an intellectual revolu- 
tion ; the other half came ten years later 
when McClure's and the Cosmopolitan — 
and afterwards Everybody's and the Amer- 
ican — began the discussion of live topics — 
political, governmental, sociological— and 
deliberately sought to influence the views 
of their readers on such issues, just as the 
newspaper had been doing. 

Now what is the situation with respect 
to the newspaper and the magazine? First 
note' that there are no longer any national 
newspapers. In 1860 the people of the 
North read and were profoundly moved by 
Greeley's "Tribune". Through the succeed- 
ing three decades, papers like Bowles 
"Springfield Republican", McCullough's 
"St. Louis Globe Democrat", Watterson's 
"Courier-Journal", Dana's "New York Sun", 
exercised an influence that reached far 
across the continent. Today their circula- 
tion is local. Every city of 50,000 has jour- 
nals with complete news service, and the 
editorial- views alone of a newspaper no 
longer serve to carry it .very far afield, 

Yet the people want something to crys- 
tallize and clarify their ideas on the great 
national issues — something broader and 
more substantial and more authoritative 
than they are likely to get from any local 
publication. This is the field that the mod- 
ern magazine may fill, if it chooses ; and 
every year it rises with a broader wisdom 
and a greater zeal to make the most of its 
opportunity. 

We still have with us the old-fashioned 
"culture" magazines that disdain to change 
their field or to recognize the new demand. 






Such arc "liar; ntury" and 'S 

They arc high in price and of limit- 
cd circulation. They arc always to be found 
in the homes of the very prosperous, but do 
not reach very far down into the middle 

They are read with avidity by peo- 
ple that are merely book-educated, but 
a limited if interest in people 

education includes a fair knowledge 

of the world and its doings. There is a 
heap of difference, when you come to think 
of it. between hook culture and world cul- 
ture. These magazines put a great deal of 
money into pictures and into paying for 
names. They carry a pension role of 
contributors, ex-poets, former story writers, 
veterans lagging superfluous, and great 
numbers of people who know how to saj 
things beautifully, only they have nothing 
These three old stand-bys are high- 
ly important factors in our intellectual life 
as a nation. For one of them to go out of 
existence — as "Harper's" would have done 
but for Pierpont Morgan a few years ago — 
would be a disgrace. We doff our hat to 
them. They are all right every way, ex- 
cept as reading matter. 

Xext in order of historic importance conic 
the "Heavies": "North American". 
"Forum", "Atlantic". "Review of Reviews" 
and the "Arena". The first three of these 
are very much on the culture order, like the 
three discussed in the last paragraph. They 
are favorites with people of the book- 
learned class. The professed purpose of the 
"North American" and the "Forum" is to. 
present the latest and most intelligent views 
on the important issues of the day, and oc- 
casionally they do publish articles that ful- 
fill that promise. But generally in their 
choice of topics and the treatment of them, 
and also in their editorial attitude, or at- 
mosphere, they are hopelessly out of line 
with the real intellectual movement of to- 
day. They are hostile to democracy, sus- 
picious of its measures and contemptuous 
of its leaders. They pride themselves on 
their conservatism, yet claiming to present 
the activities of the human mind — the hu- 
man mind that is eternally moved by an 
overpowering instinct for progress and de- 
velopment — the very antithesis of conserva- 
tism. The "Review of Reviews" is more 
nearly of the day, but its articles like those 
of the others show a decided leaning toward 
the interests of "The Interests". Fifteen 
years ago Albert Shaw, its editor, showed 
signs of becoming a leader, but something 
seems to have palsied his hand. Possibly 
he made money. The "Arena" is a review 
of the advanced type, much given to "new 
thought" fads and lacking in the ballast of 
good "horse" sense. Even a balloon ought 
to carry sand bags and an anchor. It is 
frequently in financial trouble, and is on 
the whole about as much of a liability as 
an asset to the cause of progress. 

The monthly magazines that, in our ex- 
perience, are to be found in the hands of 
the greatest number of busy, thinking, pro- 
gressive people are: The "American", "Mc- 
Clure's", "Eerybody's" and with some re- 
servations "Cosmopolitan" and "World's 
Work". One of more limited circulation 
but of great practical value is "Current Lit- 
erature". The "American" and "McClure's" 
lead all the rest by several lengths. "Every- 
body's" has a yellow, flashy streak that 
crops out occasionally. Its special merit is 
its good short stories: in this it leads the 
field. The "Cosmopolitan" is somewhat on 
the wane since Hearst took it over. s Like all 
the W. R. H. properties, it is open to sus- 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 

picion on the ncerii) . 1 he 

"World's Work" has .t decided slant in the 
direction of the "Interests", but its articles 
are thorough!) up-to-date ami give both 
sides a hearing. 

There are several of the vveekl) papers 
that rank with the monthlies or pri 
them in national standing and inliueuee. 
First and best of all is "Collier's" which to- 
day accompanies ami helps to guide the 
most progressive, the most earnest, ami the 
most effective American public sentiment. 
Equally sincere, although more limited in 
the results it achieves, is the "Outlook", 
managed by Lyman Abbotl with Theodore 
Roosevelt as an editorial contributor. 'The 
influence of this admirable publication is 
somewhat handicapped by the fact that it 
was originally a religious paper and it still 
devotes SO much space to sermonizing and 
to theological matter as to repel many of 
those who have decided religious beliefs of 
their own, and also those who have no relig- 
ious convictions at all. There is also the 
popular "Saturday Evening Post", the edi- 
torials of which are distinctly progressive, 
and which contains many of the best stories 
given to the public — as well as some of the 
very worst. Possibly the most all-around 
useful weekly for the man who finds time 
to read only one such periodical is the "Lit- 
erary Digest", which, like the monthly 
"Current Literature", gives the reader a 
compendium of all the best expression of 
thought on the live issues of the day. This 
list will not be complete — if it can be com- 
pleted at all — without mention of two other 
high grade weeklies of national standing in 
the field of progress: "La Follette's" — 
which, as its name indicates, presents the 
views of that great political reformer, and 
the "Survey", which deals with the practi- 
cal work of charities, social settlements, 
municipal reform, relations of labor and 
capital, and is written and edited on a high 
plane of intelligence, independence and jus- 
tice. 

What is here presented does not profess 
to be anything more than the individual 
opinion of a habitual magazine reader. 
There may be some of the Pacific Outlook 
readers that desire their exceptions to be 
noted. To all such the forum is open. 
Write, and it shall be published unto you. 
* * * 

THE SAN PEDRO VICTORY 

The peopie of the harbor city have shown 
their good sense by .voting to join their for- 
tunes with Los Angeles, now and for all 
time. 

It was destiny. Los Angeles needed the 
harbor and the harbor needed Los Angeles. 
True enough, Los Angeles had a harbor 
when it annexed Wilmington, but to round 
out a perfect work San Pedro was needed 
as well. 

Sixteen years ago the people of Los An- 
geles were called upon to vote, through 
their Chamber of Commerce, whether they 
would fight for a harbor at Santa Monica 
or for a harbor at San Pedro. Because they 
believed the inner bay of Wilmington gave 
the best opportunity for harbor construc- 
tion and development, and because they 
were confident they could work out a free 
harbor at San Pedro, as against a railway 
harbor at Santa Monica, our people voted 
for San Pedro by a majority of nearly three 
to one. And that settled the issue for all 
time. It made San Pedro. Ten years of 
fighting, from 1890 to 1900, were needed 
to settle the question of the location, and 



ten more years ol fighting, and after that 
eternal vigilance, were needed to make and 
keep the harbor free: hut our people were 
ready for that. 

'The people of San Pedro were neither 
fools nor ingrates, as the corporate inter- 
ests tried to make us believe. They know 

their friends from their enemi 

Like all well-won contests, this victor) 

I' ' K - eas) enough, from the outside, after 

it is all Over; hut the discerning citizen 
knows that there is a large debt of gratitude 
due to the disinterested people in Los An- 
geles and in the bay cities who engineered 
the consolidation work to its final success. 
Fortunate is Los Angeles in its climate and 
in many other things, but most fortunate of 
all in the class of men il secures for its pub- 
lic work. 

* * * 

PRESS COMMENTS 



Some grow weary of those who constant- 
ly cry out for progress. To them are com- 
mended Mr. Chesterton's words: 

"But all conservatism is based upon the 
idea that if you leave things alone you 
leave them as they are. But you do not. 
If you leave a thing alone you leave it to 
a torrent of change. If you leave a white 
post alone it will soon be a black post. If 
you particularly want it to be white you 
must be always painting it again. * * * 
But this which is true even of inanimate 
things is in a quite special and terrible 
sense true of all human things. An almost 
unnatural vigilance is really required of the 
citizen because of the horrible rapidity with 
which human institutions grow old." — Col- 
lier's Weekly. 



The building of good roads all over the 
State of California. is a sure, quick and safe 
journey to prosperity. Any saving in lvaul- 
ing a ton of farm product would bring a 
benefit, not alone to the farmer, but to the 
consumer: — San Francisco News Letter. 



Chicago has unanimously resolved to 
have a city beautiful at a cost of one hun- 
dred millions, provided some philanthropist 
will furnish the money. — Philadelphia In- 
quirer. 



The' prospects for a bouncing big corn 
crop make it necessary for the beef trust 
to begin figuring out what excuse it will 
next offer for raising the price of meat. — 
New York World. 



Who knows but that in the years to come 
somebody will claim that Ella Wheeler 
Wilcox wrote Mark Twain? — Toledo Blade. 



The farmers are going to have more 
money than ever before to spend during the 
next crop year. They will do their very im- 
portant share toward making prosperity 
generous and universal. Cotton does not 
match the outlook for the great cereals, but 
the price of that staple of the south is likely 
to offset wholly or in large part, the de- 
creased yield which is now foreshadowed. — 
Cleveland Leader. 



"Shall the people rule; shall the Supreme 
Court be controlled by special interests or 
bv the people?" is the issue proposed by the 
Direct Primary League of the State of 
Washington. It is an issue in which the 
State of California is equally interested. — 
Oakland Enquirer. 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS 



Marking Automobiles. Boston has fol- 
lowed New York in the plan to have city 
automobiles plainly lettered with the name 
of the department to which they belong. 

* * * 

Associated Charities Report. For week 
ending August 10, 1909: Recurrent cases, 
SO ; new cases, 26 ; visits, 20. Disburse- 
ments, $563.82. 

* * * 

The Recall in La Follette's. A recent is- 
sue of La Follette's magazine contains an 
article on the establishment and use of the 
recall in Los Angeles by the former secre- 
tary of the Municipal League. 

* ♦ "♦ 

Paris Playgrounds. Paris is planning to 
spend $3,000,000 for the sites and equipment 
of small parks and children's playgrounds. 
This is one feature of its contemplated 
$160,000,000 programme of improvement. 

* * + 

Berlin Buying Land. Berlin is looking 
way into the future, and is buying great 
tracts of land on the outskirts of the city. 
Recently the sum if $10,000,000 was paid for 
a great forest which is to be used by the 
people for recreation grounds. 

* * ♦ 

After the Flies. Indianapolis uses a mix- 
ture of coal oil and pennyroyal to discourage 
flies. It is applied by a squad of men using 
a garden sprayer. Inspectors go about find- 
ing the places where flies breed, and they 
are followed by the exterminators. 

* * * 

Baltimore Auditing. The city of Balti- 
more is having a complete audit made of 
its books and accounts running back for 
several years and reorganizing the system 
up to date. It will cost the citv over $30.- 
000. 

* * * 

Municipal Gas. Edward M.. Bassett of 
the New York Utilities Commission gives it 
as his belief that very few American cities 
have yet reached a point in their develop- 
ment where they can operate gas works 
without a loss. In plain language : too much 
politics. 

* * + 

Library Light Free. Thanks to the per- 
sistence of Mayor Alexander, who followed 
the issue to a finish in spite of all efforts to 
bluff him off, the city library now gets its 
light free at a saving of $120 a month. But 
the city is still out several thousand dollars 
on past bills. 

* * * 

Commission System. Adoption of the 
commission system by Hutchinson, Kansas, 
has led to great activity in municipal mat- 
ters in that city. Muskogee, Oklahoma, is 
about to hold an election to vote on a com- 
mission system. Thus far not one of the 
20 commission cities has expressed dissatis- 
faction with the plan — a highly significant 
fact. 

+ ♦ ♦ 

Extract from Oswald's Testimony. "He, 
(Mayor Harper) said he did not know 
whether I could open up |the prostitution 
district after the recall election or not." 
It depended in short upon whether the re- 
call carried or not. Cheerful reading that 
for the respectable citizens who were hum- 



bugged by the machine leaders and by the 
machine morning paper into opposing the 
recall. 

* * * 

Knoxville New Charter. The people of 
Knoxville are about to vote on a new char- 
ter. It contains many modern features, al- 
though it is not a commission system. It 
provides for the initiative referendum and 
recall very much after the Los Angeles plan, 
and establishes civil service in all depart- 
ments. It provides for construction by the 
city of an underground conduit system, and 
gives the city power to regulate charges of 
utility corporations. 

* + * 

The Los Angeles Municipal Programme. 
The "Survey," the magazine of the Charity 
Organization Society of New York, repro- 
duces in its issue of July 31st, Dana Bart- 
lett's "Los Angeles to 1915'' programme 
with favorable comment. The next item after 
consolidation in this programme is set to 
come off in December, 1909, and is the 
"election of an honest, efficient, business 
government for Los Angeles." Subsequent 
good things depend in a considerable meaS' 
ure upon that. 

* ♦ ■♦ 

The Budget Farce. Each year we go 
through with the same farce with respect 
to the shaping of the budget. The depart- 
ments are called upon to say what they 
need. Experience has taught them that they 
are likely to be chopped anyhow, and they 
have come to believe that the more they 
pile on the better prospect there is for a 
good balance after the pruning committee 
has done its work. So the total mounts high- 
er and higher each year and the Finance 
Committee is compelled to chop deeper and 
deeper. 

* * * 

Life of Asphalt Paving. The Commis- 
sioners of Washington find, after long and 
rather trying experience, that the life of an 
asphalt pavement is 20 years, the last ten 
of which calls for pretty steady repairing 
of the surface. Washington has 250 miles 
of asphalt paving. As that is not a commer- 
cial or manufacturing city, there is not much 
heavy trucking, and repairs after excava- 
tion have been carefully looked after. Pro- 
ceeding on the 20-year life theory the com- 
mission proposes to replace 12j4 miles of 
paving new each year. 

* * * 

Baltimore's Municipal Docks Successful. 
Just after the big fire in Baltimore that 
city entered upon a plan to acquire sections 
of its waterfront, and. voted several million 
dollars in bonds for the cost of condemna- 
tion and improvement. The scheme has 
worked out to such a phenomenal success 
that the people are now urging that more 
land be acquired and more docks con- 
structed. The removal of excessive bur- 
dens from shipping has stimulated the water 
commerce of the city, and all kinds of mari- 
time development is under way as a direct- 
result of the city's liberal policy. 

* * * 

Loss of Efficient Public Servant. Henry 
G. Parker, assistant to the City Engineer, 
lost his life August 6th at Playa del Rey 
by drowning. He was in charge of the 



work of construction of gates at the outlet 
of the city sewer, and is supposed to have 
lest his footing on the wharf. His body 
was seen in the surf by some fishermen and . 
recovered. He has served the city for five 
years, and had done some exceptionally 
high-grade work in the designing of bridges. 
The bridging of the river at Buena Vista 
street and Downey avenue will be done 
under his plans. 

♦ * ♦ 

Los Angeles Electric Traction. George 
S. Davis, editor Electric Traction Weekly 
of Chicago, who has been visiting Los An- 
geles, is authority for the statement that 
more electric trains or cars enter and leave 
Los Angeles than are operated out of the 
nine principal traction centers of the Middle 
West combined, viz.: Chicago. Cleveland, 
Detroit, Indianapolis, Toledo. Columbus, 
Dayton, Fort Wayne and Springfield. The 
total population of these cities is over three 
and a half millions, or more than ten times 
the population of Los Angeles. According 
to Mr. Davis their combined traction busi- 
ness calls for 1228 cars a day, as against 
1319 for Los Angeles. 

+ * + 

Housing Commission. The chief item of 
interest at the Housing Commission meet- 
ing of Wednesday last was the new court to 
be constructed by the Pacific Electric Rail- 
road Co. near Alhambra to take the place 
of the old temporary camp at State street. 
This camp is so situated on the arroyo that 
proper surface drainage and sanitary facili- 
ties are impossible to maintain ; hence the 
importance of a better location and a pro- 



<^Vm^^- 



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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



the landlords app< 

liiiallv 

that the r<-q U - - ..nil thcii 

own the public 

can be obtained by sending 
City 1 

♦ + + 

Deadly Public Drinking Cup. The Kan- 
:■! of Health li i — declared 
-i the public drinking cup "ii trains. 
g< Ij by children, ii is a great pur- 
veyor of children's disease. The raih 
appealed to the State Railway Coinmission- 
11 n < 1 that it was an impair- 
niciit to the service if they removed the cupb 
lered, and the commissi! n appealed to 
the Attorney General. Rut that officer held 
with the Hoard ■ >!" Health. In the Boston 
parks they have fountains where one may 
easily drink from the stream without the 
of a cup-. Some one should invent a 
penny-in-the-slot paper cup scheme for use 
on trains. 

+ + + 

Spite Work Foiled. Decent people of 
this city felt a profound sense of relief 
when the decision came through affirming 
tile validity of the school bonds voted last 
fall, and putting an end to the spite suit 
instituted by the 'limes. The election was 
held under an antiquated law (which should 
he revised at the next session of the legisla- 
ture), and the seeming irregularities, al- 
though of no vital bearing on the result. 
were sufficient to give a footing for an at- 
tack on our schools by anyone mean enough 
to take advantage of the opening. The only 
result of the Times' interference has been to 
put off the construction of needed buildings 
and send a number of children into the 
street this fall, who might otherwise be in 
school. This newspaper is striving to off- 
set its contemptible action by getting out 
a special edition devoted to Los Angeles' 
educational advantages, to be paid for by 
write-ups of private schools. Pint the pub- 
lic i*- not quite so easily fooled. 
+ + + 

Shooting at Speeding Machines. The 
police force of Providence. Rhode Island, 
are instructed to shoot at the tires of speed- 
ing automobiles, if they cannot make the 
machine stop otherwise. This sounds like 
a dangerous stretching of authority. If the 
tire of a rapidly running automobile bursts. 
the machine is instantly deflected from its 
course, it may be with disastrous results 
to the occupants or to people or vehicles 
in that vicinity. If the police department 
of Providence is too poor to provide itself 
with motorcycles, then it should be satis- 
fied with merely "taking the number." The 
police of London are about to enforce an 
automobile regulation that will probably 
put an end to speeding in that metropolis. 
Every machine is compelled to wear a regu- 
lator, put in place and sealed by the police 
department, which sounds a rattling gong 
as soon as the speed exceeds the rate to 
which the regulator is set. Any one remo\ - 
ing or tampering with the regulator is se- 
\ erelv punished. 

* * + 

Daylight Saving. Coming over from 
England, an agitation is growing iii this 
country in favor of daylight savin;; 1>\ sel- 
ling clocks forward an hour in spring and 
again back an hour in autumn. Cincinnati 
is the first American city to "try it on." 1 1 



1 an ordin ,t in 

tandard time forward an hour 
at .' a. m.. Ma\ 1st, and back 

J a. in. Everybody will lose an hour 
ep time on the night of April 30th, and 
;am an extra 1 rep on the night of 

September 30th, That is no matter; but 
one is puzzled about railwa\ trains. It is 
argued that no change- will be needed, as 
no trains will -tan out any\\a\ in the _'-.i 
a. m. hour. Possible local trolley systems 
can readily adjust themselves, hut the steam 
lines running to other cities where no 
change has been made will he compelled to 
make over their time cards. Their local 
suburban service, for example, is based on 
a seven ..clock that is seven ..'dock, not 

eight o'cli ck and their local train- must 

nl in with the through trains. The 

fact seems to be that nothing hut national 

legislation will make the reform simple and 

easy, and even that might develop some ser- 
i. u- complicate ms. 

+ + + 

Humbug Taxpayer. Somebody signing 
himself "An Unfortunate Taxpayer" writes 
a long screed to a morning newspaper 
roasting everybody in the city government 
I except the Auditor whom lie admires 
greatly) for their wastefulness and general 
worthlessness. He winds up with the state- 
ment that he was compelled to pay for street 
assessments and taxes last year, on the 
property he owns in Los Angeles, more than 
three limes the amount it cost him to sup- 
port his large family. It is amusing to 
analyze that last statement. Either our tax- 
payer friend is a tight-fisted old screw wdio 
manages to feed his large family on the 
bouillon, from boiled eggs, or else he is a 
very rich man, rapidly growing richer from 
the increase in value of his extensive real 
estate. If we take $3000 a year as the cost 
of caring for a large family — and a man of 
any considerable means could scarcely ex- 
pect to do it for less — we have $9000 a year 
for his taxes and street assessments. If we 
make if half and half, how much property 
has a man who pays $4500 a year taxes? 
Capitalize that on the basis of city and 
county tax levy and allow for marginal 
value in assessments and you have half a 
million of actual value. Orif we work from 
street assessments amounting to $4500 we 
get as much or more of capital, and these 
improvements show an inevitable increase 
of value. We miss our guess if Mr. Tax- 
payer is not clearing $50,000 a year right 
along in the increase, in the value of his 
property. So wdiat is he kicking about? 
There is a taxpayer who does get the worst 
of it. and such sympathy as we have to 
bestow we will keep for him. It is the little 
chap with $3000 invested in a home, and as 
much more in part payments on some lot- 
he is holding as security against old age. 
He gets $125 a month and is supporting 
quite a family. His taxes count; yet he 
pays like a man. 



S. LIPPMAN 

Formerly with Marshall Field 
Co. of Chicago 

First Class Ladies' Tailor 
and Habit Maker 

Also Three-Piece Suits and Shirt 

Waists. Prices Moderate Work 

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624 South Broadway Suite 301 

Over Painless Parker' s 




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Home Phone A4740 



Main 2S92 



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"Honesty is Power" 

Lack of business 
honesty is business 
suicide. Our desire 
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See our diamonds, 
gold jewelry, watch- 
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BRIOOEN AND PEDERSON 
Manufacturing Jewelers 

507 Couth Spring St. Los Angeles 





Phone Home F 1796 Main 6150 

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Hair Co. 

H airdressing 

Shsmpooing 
Manicuring 
Hair Goods 

743 S. Broadway, Los Angeles, Cal 



HIGH CLASS INVESTMENT 



MINES So FAR1SH 

REAL ESTATE AGENTS 
315 S.Hill Street 



Removed to 3S3 S. Hill Street 

RESIDENT AND BUSINESS PROPERTIES 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




John W. Sweeney, for twenty-seven 
years a labor union agitator, spoke 
to the City Club last Saturday on ■ 
"Political Complications in San Fran- 
cisco and the Relation of Los Angeles 
Thereto." The address, unusually 
specific in its language and very spir- 
itedly delivered, was received with an 
enthusiasm that probably astonished 
the listeners themselves. Many men 
in the audience doubtless never ex- 
pected to hear themselves applaud a 
union labor agitator, but there surely 
was no indifferent ear at the City 
Club's table while Mr. Sweeney was 
speaking. 

The speaker is, in general, a na- 
tional organizer of the American Fed- 
eration of Labor, and, in particular, 
a member of the Executive Commit- 
tee of San Francisco's Good Govern- 
ment League. His theme therefore, 
was one with which he is thoroughly 
familiar at first hand. But its in- 
terest to his audience was not only 
the comparison he drew between Los 
Angeles and San Francisco," but also 
and mainly the unexpected nature of 
his sentiments; coming from the 
mouth of a labor union agitator, they 
probably compelled a revision of 
many a City Club man's preconcep- 
tions. 

Mr. Sweeney spoke so rapidly that 
it was impossible, in the absence of 
an expert short-hand reporter, to set 
down his entire speech; but here are 
some of his statements: 



After some experience in municipal 
government in San Francisco, a La- 
bor administration has testified to be- 
ing the rottenest in the country. It 
must be admitted that the Union La- 
bor regime in San Francisco was a 
rank failure. In fact, laboring men 
have no right to assume to be au- 
thorities on government. We are not 
educated in government. But, as to 
San Francisco's illustration of that 
fact, I wish to add that the fiasco 
there was caused by the ill-advised 
conduct of a gentleman whom I sin- 
cerely respect; the passions of the 
people having been aroused, they 
blindly put into office a man whose 
first administration was bad, his sec- 
ond rotten, and his third unspeakable. 
This does not prove that union labor 
is politically dangerous, but that it 
is liable to be misled. 

And' consequently I have taken a 
stand, as a labor union agitator, for 
good government, let it be adminis- 
tered by whom it may. I have, as 
an agitator, no other stand. What 
we all want is good government, and 
we will cheerfully join any movement 
to that end. 

San Francisco is better governed 
today than ever it was governed, not- 
withstanding the idealistic views our 
mayor takes. (Here the speaker re- 
viewed conditions in San Francisco.) 

Corporate interests urge the separa- 
tion of the people into classes. This 



is something often attributed to the 
labor unions, but I tell you that this 
idea is exactly wrong. Corporate in- 
terests, not labor unions, are the real 
enemies of democracy. They widen 
every breach that may unfortunately 
be found between rich and poor; they 
corrupt everything and everybody, in- 
vading even the family, increasing- 
even the work of the divorce court; 
nothing is sacred to them, nothing 
too vile, so long as it will gain an 
end. The, defeat in San Francisco of 
real democracy — in the shape of a 
non-partisan primary election — is due 
solely to the great corporations. 

We look longingly at Los Angeles 
because you have that device — the 
non-partisan primary — we need so 
sorely. The work for good govern- 
ment is continuously and constantly 
being undone in San Francisco, be- 
cause the election laws are construct- 
ed for partisan and not for democratic 
purposes, We approach the future 
with uncertainty because, through the 
evil success' of the great corporations, 
San Francisco failed to secure a real 
direct primary law. 

But nevertheless, the Republican 
party presents one very good man for 
mayor; the Democrats have named, 
in one faction, a fairly good man, but 
who would be an absolute failure as 
mayor. The Republican machine of- 
fers Crocker, the Democratic machine 
offers Leland, the Union Labor party 
wants McCarthy. Union Labor has 
7500 registered voters; yet, with the 
backing of the machine, reputable 
business men of San Francisco have 
no hesitation in asking recognition 
of Crocker, when they really intend 
to vote for McCarthy. 

The machine, then, is out for Mc- 
Carthy for mayor, and the other can- 
didates are negligible enemies. If 
McCarthy is elected, or even Crocker, 
we shall but repeat the past and smell 
to heaven. But there is yet hope; 
for although there are 12,000 stuffers 
on the rolls of San Francisco, this 
week the matter will be presented to 
the election commission and every ef- 
fort to clear the rolls will be made. 

I perhaps would not be so free in 
testifying to such things elsewhere 
than in California. But we of San 
Francisco believe that you of Los 
Angeles are in sympathy with us and 
therefore we tell you the shameful 
truth, knowing you will wish to help 
us to something better. 

Mayor Taylor is just as good a 
mayor as any city ever had in this 
country. He has, however, been at 
various times deceived by various 
commissions. He is himself so honest 
that he cannot conceive the full ex- 
tent of the dishonesty around him; 
and, not being a mixer, he has not 
the means to become undeceived. 

How is San Francisco to secure an 
honest administration in all depart- 
ments? We know full well that the 
corporate interests are determined to 



control San Francisco and the State 
of California. If business and labor 
are united against railroad rule, that 
control could be prevented. But I 
know of no more cowardly set, in 
any city, than the business men. 
Otherwise they would stand with us, 
as we are ready to stand with them. 

We of the labor world stand, first 
and last, for the law. We stand for 
lawful correction of evils. We are 
willing that the reform should come 
in any guise, and not necessarily as a 
labor party reform. We do not say, 
"Take from our ranks your officials," 
but we do say, "From among your 
own ranks take men who can be 
trusted, and you will have fulfilled all 
that we ask." 

I do not stand for a machinist on 
the Supreme Bench, or a helper in a 
machine shop for mayor. I would 
really prefer to take men like those 
who now sit before me — stripped of 
business fear, partisan fear, local 
fear — men who could and would give 
us an honest and courageous admin- 
istration. 

I see you of Los Angeles making a 
progressive city. We of San Fran- 
cisco say "Go on, become a great 
port. There is plenty of room for San 
Diego, Los Angeles and San Fran- 
cisco, as ports in this State. We 
should not be jealous of each other, 
but mutually helpful, as indeed I be- 
lieve we are. You here are thinkers 
and workers, stripping yourselves of 
prejudice. You are the flower of Cal- 
ifornia citizenship. And when 1 re- 
turn to San Francisco I shall refer to 
you as an object lesson, whom we 
must follow. 

San Francisco's worst enemies are 
not those who are generally consid- 
ered such. You remember how, 
some months ago, an assassin's bullet 
struck and nearly killed Heney. Well, 
the incendiary talk at that time, the 
murderous talk, the murderous wish 
that Heney might die, — was not ut- 
tered by McArthur or myself, but by 
the rich business men of the city. 
There was your genuine class feeling, 
openly expressed. 

But there were, and are some noble 
exceptions. While the Calhoun in- 
terests were circulating falsehoods in 
family and office and buying eight of 
the jurors who cleared Calhoun, cer- 
tain men of wealth were testifying 
that they were not governed by class 
feeling. I am not an apologist for 
Phelan or Spreckels, but I take off 
my hat to them for. their public spirit. 
In order to make good the prosecu- 
tion they and a few others contribut- 
ed money, and San Francisco itself 
is paying very little for the prosecu- 
tion of Calhoun. 

If in the midst of fire and earth- 
quake, in the depths of her woe, San 
Francisco was sold by a union labor 
administration to her worst enemies, 



— can you blame me for supporting 
men who gave San Francisco, under 
the most adverse circumstances, the 
best administration a city, ever had? 
Who gave their time, health and 
wealth, to save a city corrupted by 
Herrin and sold by Schmitz? 

Out of that wreck the city is now 
rich. Skyscrapers are going up even 
south of the slot. If business were 
paralyzed by the prosecution of Cal- 
houn — as Calhoun's men are trying 
to make everybody believe — do you 
think, millions would be invested in 
San Francisco as they are at present? 
That cry — that the prosecution is 
paralyzing business — is but the cry of 
the rich, the criminal rich. 

We are building up a great city. 
There are 50,000 more people in the 
city than before the fire. Good gov- 
ernment does it. If the present gov- 
ernment hurt business, we couldn't 
grow as we do. If good- government 
hurt business, how could you, Los 
Angeles, invite people to your own 
fortunate city? 

It calls not only for moral courage, 
but for plain physical courage to 
stump for good government in San 
Francisco — as I know from the brick 
that took away a side of my face on 
one occasion. All the bad elements 
will be at the polls in full force at 
the next election. Calhoun's men will 
see to that. And the trouble is, thai 
you can't tell the vote of a mac from 
mine, when drawn from the ballot 
box. 

But we have no intention of being 
bulldozed this time. We know, now, 
who our worst enemy is, and we con- 
sequently know a little better how 
to fight. 

No matter what you may hear, be 
sure that the machine wants Mc- 
Carthy. They don't care a damn for 
Leland or Crocker — they are spine- 
less. 

MaCarthy; and then a repetition of 
the curse we have already so long 
lived under. But we earnestly hope 
that when the ticket shall have been 
presented, good government will pre- 
vail again. 

'We want the support of the clean 
press throughout the state to encour- 
age upbuilding good government in 
San Francisco. Otherwise I should 
not have come 500 miles to speak to 
you. We want you all to help us — 
from San Diego northward. This is 
my message, as a labor union agitator. 

Don't think that union labor is an- 
archistic. For twenty-seven years I 
have been an agitator and I know 
whereof I speak. My business is the 
settlement of strikes — working for 
harmony of capital and labor — and I 
can say, there will never be another 
strike in the iron trade of San Fran- 
cisco. 

The labor of San Francisco is not 
to be bulldozed, but we are not insur- 
rectionists. The man who pushes a 
plane is amenable to reason — believe 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



i lin- 
ing the i 1 

I and tin- bi 
I of man. 
In adjourning the Club the chair- 
man, ~.iid: 

"Tl ■ iniza- 

earner 
- iional 
man. 

■' of the best signs of the times 
irners arc arraying 
themselves on the side of good gov- 
ernment, and the business and profes 
I men will make a great mistake 
if they tlo not meet them Half way " 

+ + + 

SCHOOL GARDENS 

DOING GOOD WORK 



"BEAUTY AND RECREATION" 

Rev. Dana W. Dartlett SpeaKs Before the Federated 
Improvement Association. 



Various Cities Are Teaching Boys 
and Girls How to Be Useful 



One of the most beneficent 
branches of the American Civic Asso 
ciation work is that for the establish- 
ment of school gardens. School gar- 
ileus in New York. Philadelphia and 
Washington have produced excellent 
results, and from many other quarters 
inquiries have been received by Miss 
Mary Marshall Butler, chairman of 
the association's school garden de- 
partment, as to the manner of begin- 
ning and continuing this work. 

In a report concerning the work. 
Miss Piiitler said: 

"One of the greatest needs in the 
school garden movement at the pres- 
ent time is for trained teachers. In- 
struction to this end is carried on to 
some extent in normal schools and 
agricultural colleges. Under the au- 
piccs of the International Children's 
School Farm League, the New York 
University offered a summer school 
course in school gardening. Henry 
G. Parsons conducted the class 
which, last year, consisted of twelve 
pupils. 

"The League has appealed to the 
public for $10,000 to arouse a general 
interest in children's gardens, to as- 
sist in establishing gardens in con- 
nection with schools until boards of 
education are convinced of their 
value, to establish special gardens 
for children who are mentally or phy- 
sically weak or deficient and to main- 
tain a bureau of information. 

"A Garden School Association has 
been formed among school princi- 
pals and teachers of New York and 
suggestions have been made to form 
a national organization. Philadelphia 
and Washington schools are main- 
tained under their educational de- 
partments. The Fairview garden 
school, of Yonkers, has received such 
favorable recognition, not only from 
the local school authorities, but from 
visitors interested in this work, that 
arrangements have been made to pur- 
chase the property used for the 
school garden and hold it for the pur- 
pose." 



The regular monthly meeting of the 
rated Improvement Association 
is Angeles was held Saturday 
evening last in Caledonia Hall, and 
after routine business had been dis 
of President A A, Bayley in 
troduced to the members present, 
Rev. Dana \V. Hartlett, who had been 
asked to address the association. Mr. 
Bartlett took for his subject: "Beauty 
and Recreation," important factors in 
the making of the Puller City, and 
his speech gave some new ideas on 
the solving of the problems of beau- 
tifying our city and coping with the 
difficulties which will be liable to con- 
front us from time to time as Los 
Angeles increases in size and popula- 
tion. The speaker predicted that by 
1920 we would have a million people 
in this city, and emphasized the neces- 
sity for concerted action in our city 
plan. "Individualism is strongly de- 
veloped," said he, "but we must have 
a union of work. We need more than 
anything else in the carrying forward 
of this great work, communism." Mr. 
Bartlett traced the movement for the 
beautifj'ing of cities from 'the time 
that George Washington called L'En- 
fant to his aid in the improvement of 
the Nation's Capital, and gave some 
description of the original plans as 
they now lie in the Congressional Li- 
brary. The next incentive to effort in 
this direction was the building of the 
World's Fair, and the "Great White 
City," gave the inspiration which re- 
sulted in a new profession, that of 
municipal architecture. Then Mr. 
Bartlett spoke of the beauties of the 
present Washington, and of the fact 
that in respect to civic development 
Cleveland has advanced farther than 
any other city in the United States. 
"Cleveland is a city of ideals, any- 
way," said he. The speaker here re- 
ferred to the plans that Burnham had 
prepared to beautify San Francisco 
before the earthquake, and though 
that calamity had spoiled his great 
work he came back with fresh ideas 
for the new city that was to rise out 
of its ashes. The authorities did not 
accept the plan in its entirety but 
a great many of the suggested im- 
provements have been carried out. 
The next step in the beautifying of 
our city was the making of parks and 
laying out beautiful squares. Every 
city is endeavoring to some extent to 
improve conditions in that regard but 
we do not go far enough. We should 
have parks large enough to give the 
common people a chance to enjoy 
nature to its fullest extent. "Don't 
make our parks mere rose gardens; 
plan them so that the poorer classes 
will enjoy the freedom that a trip 
to the country would give." The new- 
Turkish Government has shown its 
progressive spirit by calling in a 
specialist to aid it in beautifying 
Constantinople. 

Paris has spent one hundred mil- 
lion dollars on civic improvements 



and there are many of the cities of the 
Old World from which we can take 
pattern in this n 

In planning but Greater I."- An- 
geles, we must eemernber Hie great m 
rtux of immigration that will , 
id our ihoi i] tin- Panama Canal 

i- completed ; - ; < amers will establish 
a direct service from Europe and the 
government has under consideration 
the establishment of an Ellis Island 
on the Pacific Coast, and here we 
have another big problem to handle. 
We will never have a congested city 
like those of San Francisco or New 
York, but the foreigners wdio come 
to our coast must be provided for, 
and it behooves us to commence now 
to plan our greater city so as to -ac- 
commodate the increased population 
which in a few years will be a prob- 
lem to deal with. 

Then there is the serious question 
of what *to do with the many steam 
and electric lines which run into our 
city. As it is the congestion of the 
interurban lines is a serious matter, 
and with the proposed extension of 
the Pacific Electric to Riverside and 
San Bernardino, as well as to other 
towns, and the spreading of the other 
electric lines, the problem is one that 
must be settled. "I suggest," said 
Mr. Bartlett, "that a tunnel be built 
under the bed of the Los Angeles 
river large enough to accommodate 
the steam and electric lines which run 
into' the city. Some may object that 
this plan would be too difficult and 
expensive a way, but when we con- 
sider that the New Yirk rivers have 
seventeen tubes under their beds, it 
will be seen that the question is not 
so impossible after all. I would also 
have an automobile speedway in this 
tunnel to allow of machines coming 
in from the country a right of way 
that will enable drivers to get to the 
center of the city in a short time." 

Recreation centers will be im- 
portant factors of our better city. 
Chicago has spent forty millions of 
dollars in this way, and we must have 
places that will teach our people the 
value of play. Have these centers 
filled with club rooms, gymnasiums, 
etc. Let them belong to the people 
and the money that we appropriate 
for a purpose such as this will be 
wisely expended and bring compound 
interest in a better class of working 
people, and a high type of citizenship. 
And while our great harbor is in 
the making, don't let us forget the 
possibilities of beautifying the water 
front. Such a lot could be done in 
this way; the new warehouses built in 
Mission style and the old ones im- 
proved in appearance would add 
greatly to the making of a desirable 
seaport city. 

Mr. Bartlett showed some photo- 
graphs of manufacturing plants that 
had been built with an eye to the 
beautiful, demonstrating the advances 
that have been accomplished in this 



ncr interest 
pie are taking in i I hat » hit h 

offends the 

The speaker urged 1 1 
1 harles Mulford Robinson's plan for 
iter Los Ingeles, which is soon 
to be issued, hut thought that a great 
deal could be done in the way of civic 
improvement before the plan was ,, 
n ilization. 

The railways enter our city thrcnjgh 
the back yards and the ugliest parts 
of the city and when first impressions 
count for so much, why should mil 
the tourist enter Los Angeles through 
a rose garden' 

What are we going to do about the 
new City Hall? Should not the peo- 
ple have some voice as to its location? 
He thought we should follow Mr. 
Robinson's plan in this respect. 

The preservation of trees we have 
requires our thoughts and we should 
give more attention to planting of 
new ones. 

Some of Mr. Bartlett's axioms 
were: 

"Ugliness has nowhere an excuse 
for being." 

"Beauty pays." 

"No person has the right .to .inflict 
ugliness on his neighbor." 

"The beautiful city attracts people 
to it." 

"Beauty reacts on our lives and 
makes living the -sweeter." 

A vote of thanks was tendered Mr. 
Bartlett for his very interesting and 
timely speech and he was elected an 
honorary member of the association. 



Following are the Committees of 
the Federated Improvement Associa- 
tion with the newly appointed Chair- 
man of each, and district represented: 

Improving the Los Angeles River — 
Joseph Mesmer, East Side. 

Membership and Grievances — W. J. 
Bryant. Ninth- Ward. 

Legislation and Resolutions— Frank 
S. Adams, Garvanza. 

Public Utilities— John M. Glass, 
South Main street. 

Public Buildings and Grounds — 
John T. Pope, Garvanza. 

Fire Protection and Police — N. L. 
Blabon, Sixth Ward Central. 

Sanitation — C. T. Paul, Brooklyn 
Heights. 

Residence Districts — T. J. Kalley, 
Highland Park Protective League. 

Playgrounds — Mrs. F. T. Shipman, 
Cottage Home Tract. 

Publicity and Entertainment — Gar- 
ner Curran, College Tract. 

Finance. Hall and Printing — Ho 
W. Karr, Honorary Member. 

Parks and Trees — Samuel Young. 
University. 

Boulevards, Streets and Sidewalks — 
C. H. Clayton, Brooklyn Heights. 

Schools and Libraries — W. II 
O'Uonnell. Moneta avenue 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



LOS ANGELES CITY WORK AND LEGISLATION 

An indexed review of all action by Council, Board of Public Works, Commissions and Officials, relating to property 
improvement or of general interest. Record closes Wednesday night. 



Public Worh by Streets 

Third; request from estate of T. D. 
Stimson for permission to lay tem- 
porary steam pipe underneath surface, 
ref. to City Attorney for opinion as 
to power of Board to grant request. 

Fifth; Diamond Laundry Company 
requested extension of sixty to ninety 
days in which to put in wall they have 
been notified to construct; ref. by 
Bd. Pub. Wks. to Chief Insp. of 
Bldgs; request denied. 

Sixth; communication from E. T. 
Howe calling attention of Bd. Pub. 
Wks. to work of paving West Sixth 
street and Orange street, and stating 
that same is being prosecuted in dila- 
tory manner, also made suggestions 
relating to length of street to be open 
at any one time; ref. to City Eng. 
for investigation. 

Eleventh; bids for improving street 
rejected, and new bids called. 

Thirty-second and Key West; com- 
munication transmitted by Mayor 
from Jas. S. France, et al., regarding 
dangerous condition of sewer; ref. by 
Bd. Pub. Wks. to City Eng. for neces- 
sary attention. 

Avenue 37; ord. passed, ordering 
sewer constructed. 

Forty-second bet. Kansas and Nor- 
mandie avenues; ord. of intention to 
establish grade; adopted. 

Avenue 48 from Pasadena avenue to 
Rt. Way of S. P., L. A. & S. L. Ry.; 
ord. passed ordering vacating and 
abandoning of this portion of thor- 
oughfare. 

Fifty-fifth; Long Beach avenue to 
Alba street; assessment issued ('Bond) 
to amount of $3285.97. 

Adams; from Vermont to Hoover, 
communication from George William- 
son to Bd. Pub. Wks. complaining of 
quality of stone being laid; ref. to 
City Engineer. 

Adams from Vermont ave. to west 
city 'boundary; ord. passed to pave. 

Alley bounded by Amey, Griffis, and 
Urmston tracts; petition from Will 
Salter, et al., asking for vacation ■ of 
alley; Bd. Pub. Wks. adopted City 
Eng. report and recommended that 
petition be granted. 

Bellevue avenue from Benton Way 
to Coronado street; ord. passed to im-' 
prove street. 

Bishops Road and Savoy St.; assess- 
ments issued to amount of $446.13. 

Bonnie Brae from Sunset Blvd. to 
Montrose street; ord. passed to im- 
prove said section of street. 

Carillo bet. Helen street and Belle- 
vue avenue; ord. of intention to estab- 
lish grade; adopted. 

Castelar from Ord street to Sunset 
Blvd.; ord. passed ordering street to 
be widened. 

Commercial; petition from Marco 
H. Hellman et al., for spur track 
crossing Ducummon street and La- 



bory Lane; City Council sent pet. to 
Bd. Pub. Wks., who retd. same, call- 
ing-attention to undesirable features 
in location; center line of proposed 
spur would pass too close to curb, 
and would interfere with traffic and 
drainage. Bd. recomm. that Ry. Co. 
should so locate spur that same will 
not extend north of present tracks 
on Commercial street. 

Echo Park Avenue; from Sunset 
Blvd. to Donaldson street; petition 
from Elysian Heights Improvement 
Assn. asking for repair work to be 
done, ref. to ward foreman for at- 
tention. 

Elsworth; ord. passed to improve 
street. 

Gordon; bet. Avenue 43 and Avenue 
47, street oiling done by M. Sheldon 
reported as having been done without 
inspection or permit from Eng. of- 
fice, report from Oil Inspector recom- 
mending that work be not accepted by 
Bd. Pub. Wks., ref. to City Engineer. 

Hoover; bet. Fiftieth and 49 Place, 
petition from Myron T. Holcomb re- 
questing permission to construct ce- 
ment curb and walk on east side-; 
City Eng. recommended that request 
be denied, which was adopted by Bd. 
Pub. Wks. 

Hoover, at intersection of Del Mar; 
Sunset Hills Improvement Assn. 
called attention to tree stumps stand- 
ing in road, ref. to Insp. Pub. Wks. 

Hope; from Pico to Washington; 
City Eng. instructed to change speci- 
fications for proposed improvepient 
from oil macadam to asphalt, and to 
notify signers of petition for oil 
macadam of order of Bd. Pub. Wks. 

Imogen avenue; ord. passed to im- 
prove street. 

Marengo; south side from Cornwall 
to P. E. tracks; City Eng. instructed 
to prepare ord. for cement walk and 
steps. 

Maltman Avenue; Bd. Pub. Wks. 
requested Water Dept. to at once re- 
store street to the good condition it 
was in before new water main was 
laid. 

Mott from ^th to 6th; ord. passed 
to improve said section of street. 

Pacific Avenue; petition from R. T. 
Birew and- Mrs. S. A. Whitice asking 
that portion of street be not aban- 
doned; City Eng. recommended that 
old lines of street be not changed, and 
Bd. Pub. Wks. adopted report. 

Palmetto from Alameda to Carolina 
street and on south side from Ala- 
meda to angle point 1038.24 feet east 
of S. E. cor. of Alameda; ord. adopted 
to estab. grade. 

Pasadena Avenue; ord. passed or- 
dering sewer constructed. 

Pasadena Avenue; report of City 
Engineer that street bet. Ave. 61 and 
Marmion Way is not of uniform 
width and recommendation that Bd. 
Pub. Wks. instruct City Attorney to 
commence condemnation proceedings 



to secure enough property to make 
roadway uniform width of 100 feet; 
report adopted and City Attorney re- 
quested to take action suggested by 
City Eng. 

Rivera; petition from A. S. Bailey 
stating that culvert carrying water 
across First street was filled up, ref. 
to City Council, matter ref. to ward 
foreman. 

Santa Barbara Avenue; City Atty. 
requested to prepare ordinance for 
opening of street from Figueroa to 
Moneta avenue. 

Savoy and Bishops Road; assess- 
ments issued to amount of $446.13. 

Savannah from Brooklyn avenue to 
First street; petition from M. J. Mur- 
ray, et al., to improve street by ar- 
ranging for outlet for water im- 
pounded bet. Brooklyn avenue and 
New Jersey street; City Eng. recom-- 
mended that temporary work be done, 
Bd. Pub. Wks. adopted report and 
directed street dept. to have work 
performed. 

Savannah; petition from M. J. Mur- 
ray asking for improvement from 
Brooklyn avenue to First street, refd. 
to W. M. Humphreys, Ins. of Pub. 
Wks. with instructions to* have work 
done. 

Sunset Blvd.; from Sanborn street 
to city limits, Water Dept. requested 
by Bd. Pub. Wks. to construct water 
main before paving is laid, if there is 
any intention of constructing main 
within next two years. 

Trinity; bet. 16th and Washington, 
complaint from David Cordon of con- 
dition of sidewalk, ref. to Insp. Bd. 
Pub. Wks. 

Westlake District; claims from Mrs. 
Christine Olsen, Adolph Rothman and 
William E. Stevens for damages 
caused by overflow of water from 
Arroyo -de la Brea, petitions ref. to 
Insp. Pub. Wks. and retd. to Council 
with recommendation that claims be 
not allowed. 



General Legislation 

Aqueduct; report of 'W. B. Mathews 
chief counsel relative to renewal of 
lease covering rooms 1130, 1131 and 
1132 Central Bldg., report adopted 
and resolution passed authorizing no- 
tice of election to renew said lease. 

Aqueduct; report of advisory com- 
mittee adopted creating position in 
accordance with recommendation, sec- 
tion of report relating to agreement 
with Salome de Raggio, adopted, rec. 
for construction and repair work No. 
223 approved, and bureau authorized 
to enter upon work. , 

Dead Animal Fund; finance com- 
mittee recommended that claims of C. 
T. Hansen be denied, Bd. Pub. Wks. 
instructed Insp. Bd. Pub. Wks. to 
cancel said demands. 

Fire limits; ord. passed excepting 
territory within fire limits from resi- 
dence district. 

Garbage Ordinance; City Atty. re- 



quested by Bd. Pub. Wks. to prepare 
ordinance regulating collection, re-, 
moval and disposal of garbage. 

Hazard Playground; bids reed, by 
Bd. for construction of locker and 
store rooms, ref. to Playground Co. 
with request to advise Bd. whether it 
is desired to award contract to low- 
est responsible bidder, W. L. Truilt, 
whose bid was reported irregular. 

Hauling Gravel; City Auditor rtd. 
two demands drawn in favor of J. T. 
Leftwich, amounting to $600.00, which 
he refused to approve, as bids had not 
been called for; ref. to Bd. Pub. Wks. 
for report. 

Hay; motion the President of Coun- 
cil appoint committee to confer with 
aqueduct commission, in regard rais- 
ing hay on lands of city along aque- 
duct; motion lost. 

Hay; in matter of bids, motion 
adopted that supply committee en- 
deavor to obtain by private purchase 
more advantageous prices than those 
submitted. 

Inspector of Concrete and other 
materials; Bd. Pub. Wks. requested 
City Atty. 'to prepare ordinance creat- 
ing such position. 

Lands to be acquired by the city 
in connection with Los Angeles aque- 
duct; resolutions adopted by Bd. Pub. 
Wks. authorizing notices to be given 
in name of city to all parties claim- 
ing adverse interest in the lands for 
the purchase of which the city has 
hereto filed its maps. 

Main sewer; bids for construction 
of So. L. A. main sewer asked, to 
close Aug. 16. 

New City Hall; communication 
from Richards-Neustadt Construction 
Co. offering to furnish data in con- 
nection with building, ref. to Building 
Com., City .Council. 

Old cemetery of L. A. County Pio- 
neers; pet. to construct fence granted 
by City Council and ref. to Bd. Pub. 
Wks. 

Oil for street sprinkling; bids ad- 
vertised for supplying 7000 bbls. to 
be reed. Aug. 20. 

Oil Inspector's report relative to 
fact that Jno. R. Ott had furnished 
city with 19,139 bbls. of oil in excess 
of amount called for in contract; ref. 
to Insp. Pub. Wks. 

Police Dept. Fund; demands against 
dept. for $25.00 and $380.00 respective- 
ly drawn in favor of Peter Keenan, 
retd. to City Council by City Audi- 
tor who refused to approve as first 
amount was claimed excessive, and 
re second demand, bids were not 
properly obtained for work; motion 
passed that report be deferred. 

Park Superintendents; motion was 
adopted to transfer $150.00 from Gen- 
eral Expense Fund to Park Dep f . 
Fund, to defray expenses of Park 
Superintendents to convention at 
Seattle and Tacoma, Wash. 

Street Dept. Fund; demand against 






PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



ii by 

I 'lib. V 
Street Lights; report 

live to changes in 1 
.ind id lights, 

Street Notices foi 

printii b) C ity Eng 

adopted by Board and bids asked, to 
13 

State labor law violation; commu- 
nication from J W. Michaels, Bus 

District Council oi Carpenters 
of L. A. claiming that Carl Leonard! 
state law in working em- 
ployes more than 8 hrs. per day on 
bridge over L. A. River; ref. to City 
Atty. for opinion. 

Water Hose Contract awarded to 
Harper and Reynolds Co. for 4000 
and 1-inch water hose, .-it 
and 25.. respectively. 

Wagon scale; to lie installed on 
Hunter Mrcct, by Farmers Warehouse 
Co.. who deposited bond in sum of 
$500. 

Water Connections for lots abutting 

upon street which have been improved 

by contract but not in accordance 

with city specifications: report from 

\ ity. referred to Insp. Pub. Wks. 

Building Permits; from Aug. 2 to 
Aug. 6, inclusive. 168 building permits 
were issued, amounting to $244,155, 
classed as follows: Class C. brick, 
4 one-story; 3 three-story; total. $35,- 
128. Class D, frame. 72 one-story; 
total. $76,950: one and a half story. 5; 
total. $14,150; twb : story, 10; total, 
$48,043. Public buildings (city), 4, 
total. $55,871. Sheds, 11, total, $979. 
Brick alterations. 6; total, $2,510. 
Frame alterations, 51; total, $10,460. 
Demolitions, 2; total, $64 



CITY CLUB SPEAKER TODAY 

L. E. Behymer, impresario of Los 
Angeles, will speak on ".Music in the 
city's life: what other municipalities 
are doing and what I.os Angeles 
should do for music," at the regular 
weekly luncheon en' the City Club to- 
day, at Hotel Westminster. 



Robert W. Chambers' annual fall 
novel will bear this year the title of 
"The Danger Mark." 

David Graham Phillips' next novel, 
to be published this fall, will be 
called "The Hungry Heart." 

When J. K. Barrie, author of Peter 
Fan. was offered the honor of a 
Rritish knighthood all that he had to 
say was. "I don't go in for that sort 
of thing." And then the honor was 
conferred on Pinero. another play- 
wright. 

A new edition of "David Harum" 
has recently been published, bringing 
the sales of this book, since 1898, up 
to more than 1,100.000 copies. 

James Lane Allen's new book is 
"The Rride of the Mistletoe." Its 
scene is Kentucky. 



REFORM HAS HELPED SCRAN- 
TON 
Municipal League Mayor Has an 
Aggressive Agency for Better 
Government, 
tnton, the center of the anthra- 
cite coal region of Pennsylvania, and 
one of the most progressive cities in 
the East, has just had a thr< i 
demonstration of the practicability of 
reform in municipal government 
This was the administration of Mayor 
.1. Benjamin Dimmick, a membei lot 
many year- of the National Municipal 
League, who was elected upon the re- 
form is-iu-. 

Mayor Dimmick's administration 
not only ha- been one of the most 
successful but. likewise, one of the 
most progressive. In his last mes- 
sage to Scranton councils. Mayor 
Dimmick set forth the results sought 
in this manner: 

"For three years it has been the aim 
and purpose of the mayor. loyally 
supported by those associated with 
him. to accomplish these results: 

"To increase the efficiency of every 
department and of every bureau 
through the installation of the merit 
system, of a more rigid scrutiny of all 
purchasing departments and of such 
other sound and economic methods 
is obtain in the world of business. 
"To develop the activities of every de- 
partment and hence of every bureau, 
so that such activities may be respon- 
sive to the needs of a growing com- 
munity. 

"To develop the city upon lines 
that are not only utilitarian but hu- 
manitarian." 

"To awaken and develop as far as 
possible the sentiment not only of 
civic pride but also of civic respon- 
sibility." 

"To wdiat extent these aims and 
purposes have been attained is for the 
community to judge, but I believe I 
am justified in saying that a perusal 
of statistics precludes any other con- 
clusion than that the results of the 
last three years could not have been 
reached had they not been based upon 
sound business principles and meth- 
ods." 

During the Dimmick administra- 
tion, a new garbage disposal system 
was constructed at a cost of $100,000, 
and $935,000 in bridge-building, sewer- 
construction and street paving was 
done. Mayor Dimmick also increased 
the police and fire-fighting forces. He 
succeeded, too, in getting a $10,000 
contribution from the street railway 
corporation and conducted negotia- 
tions with other public service cor- 
porations to the same end, but the 
hard times interfered with this. 



Out of the Mouths of Babes 

Officious Offspring — Pa. may T ask- 
just one more question? 

Patient Pater — Yes. my son. Just 
one more. 

Officious Offspring — Well, then, pa. 
Imw is it that the night falls, but it's 
the day that breaks?— Modern So- 
ciety. 



THE JESTER'S BELLS 



The I irS' hard labor 

You'll get a chance to learn a ti 
my man. 

Burglar Couldn't I be permitted to 
learn it— er by correspondence? — Tit 
Bits 

Mr, Popp— Hurrayl for once in my 
life I know where my cuff links arc 
Mrs. Popp— Where an- they now? 

Mr. PopP — The baby's swallowed 

'em. — Cleveland Leader. 



"Yes," he said sadly, and there was 
a tear in bis eye. "Yes, my business 
has driven me to the wall." And he 
went on posting his bills. 



The enraged financial magnate was 
charging madly through the office of 
the 10 cent monthly magazine. "What 
is he doing?" asked the amazed by- 
standers; "running amuck?" "1 think 
not." said one of the frightened sten- 
ographers, preparing to flee. "He's 
running a mnckraker." — Chicago Tri- 
bune. 

The Young Doctor — Just think; six 
of my patients recovered this week. 

The Old Doctor — It's your own 
fault, my boy You spend too much 
time at the club. — Life. 



"Sure, it's Mike, the boy, that's the 
lucky man." "How was he lucky?" 
"Why, mum, he got insured fer five 
thousand dollars, and the very nixt 
day he fell off the ladder, paintin', and 
broke his nick." — Baltimore American. 



"It is only right that I "should tell 
you," she said, "that father has lost 
all." 

"Not all!" he exclaimed. 

"Yes, all." she asserted. 

"No;" he said firmly, "not all. You 
are still left to him. I could not be 
so cruel as to add to his misfortune. 
Tell him — tell him from me that my 
generosity- impels me to leave him 
what little lies in my power." — Tit- 
Bits. 



"Bridget, how does it happen that I 
saw you giving that WTetched police- 
man a piece of mince pie in the kit- 
chen last night?" 

" 'Cause I forgot to fill up the key- 
hole, mum." — Answers. 



Barber — Much obliged, sir. I don't 
as a rule get my tips before I start — 
I— 

Customer (sternly) — That ain't no 
tip, young man. That's hush money. 
— Bohemian. 



"Father." said little Rollo. "what i = 
an egotist?" 

"An egotist, my son, is a burnt 
match, that thinks it was the whole 
fireworks." — Washington Star. 



"X... sir." he returned feeblj 

ing but my I 



"And what's thi- painting supposed 
to reprc-cnt:'* 

"Sunsel on I akc Erie " 

"But ii doesn't look- in the least like 
a sunset, and I can't sec any lake." 

"Sir. 1 thank you for your apprccia 
t i. hi. I am an artist, not a photo 
grapher." — Cleveland Leader. 



The British Home Secretary, D 

Lloyd George, is a versatile and 
quick-witted Welshman At a politi 
Cal meeting the other day lie was talk- 
ing about the future ol Home Rule. 
"We'll have it in Ireland." he said, 
"and in Scotland, and in Wales." 
"Yes, and in hell." shouted out a 
drunken opponent. Like a flash 
George turned to the interrupter. "I'm 
always glad," he remarked, "to see a 
man stand up for his own country." 



Pat: An' phwat the devil is a 
chafin' dish? Mike: , Whist! Ut's a 
fryin'-pan that's got into society. — 
Boston Transcript. 

Hotel-Keeper — Has the American 
gentleman made any remarks about 
his bill yet? 

Waiter — Not yet. He is looking for 
some in his dictionary. — Pele Mele. 



Professor — Name two of America's 
most prominent writers. 

Freshman — Pro Bono Publico and 
Constant Reader. Lippincott's. — 



In a Dilemma 

"A necklace of diamonds has been 
stolen from me!" said Mrs. Cumrox. 

"Aren't you going to notify the po- 
lice'" 

"I don't know what to do. It docs 
seem rather classy to be robbed of 
jewelry, but yet T hate to have people 
think that I'd ever miss a little thing 
like a necklace." — Washington Star. 

HARVARD SCHOOL (Military) 

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acre athletic field. Manual training Shops. U. S. 
Army officer detailed by the Secretary of War. 
Write for illustrated Catalogue. Tel. 72I47. 
Grenville C. Emery, Liu. D.. Head Maiter 



He had never been to sea before. 
"Can you keep anything on your 
stomach?" the ship doctor asked. 




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Between Fourth and Fifth Streets. 

HEAD TO FOOT 

OUTFITTER S 

FOR MEN AND BOYS 



10 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



THE PICKED WOMAN 



While Illinois doesn't know whether 
she is going to receive women into 
the franchise fold at any time in the 
next decade or so and only a very few 
women care two straws about the 
thing anyhow, Chicago has gone off 
all by herself and handed out jvst 
about the best she has to offer, next 
to the mayoralty, to a woman. Mrs. 
Ella Flagg Young, one of the best 
known women teachers in the coun- 
try, has been elected superintendent 
of the Chicago public schools. 

As an experiment in placing great 
responsibility in the hands of a wo- 
man this is possibly the most remark- 
able yet made and it comes, truth to 
say, as rather a surprise to the aver- 
age citizen. We may all believe, with 
Charles Read, that the picked woman 
is the superior of the average man: 
that challenge met with no takers 
even at that period of the dark ages 
— the early 70's — when it was first 
issued; but in these days nobody is 
running any risks. Although Mrs. 
Young's name has been mentioned as 
a candidate time and again since the 
resignation of Mr. Cooley, it is doubt- 
ful -if any one of the general public 
not personally interested in her vic- 
tory even conceived that there was 
any real "danger" of her receiving the 
appointment when the large number 
and range of possible successor's to 
Mr. Cooley were considered. 

It took some months for the Board- 
to narrow the choice of candidates to 
local talent. The field of eligibles was 
then reduced to six: one University of 
Chicago professor, one high school 
principal, two grammar school prin- 
cipals, the supervisor of vacation 
schools and Mrs. Young, principal of 
the Chicago Normal School. Fin- 
ally the Board went into com- 
mittee of the whole and summoned 
the six candidates into its presence 
one at a time in alphabetical order. 
One after another five men came be- 
fore the Board and in answer to 
questions told how the Chicago pub- 
lic schools ought to be run. Y was a 
late comer in the alphabet and so it 
happened that the clever little woman 
with the wonderful personality was 
the last to be summoned. For half 
an hour these practical men listened 
to a practical woman while she un- 
folded practical ideas of school man- 
agement so convincingly that it did 
not take long for the unanimous ver- 
dict to.be passed in- her favor. 

Mrs. Young took her first class in 
the Chicago schools in 1862. From 
that time until the present, except for 
a short interval when she was asso- 
ciated with John Dewey of the Chi- 
cago University in its Department of 
Education, she has served the city 
with an intensity of enthusiasm and 
loyalty to the one ideal that is ad- 
mittedly rare in one of her sex. In 
fact one loses sight of sex with such a 
mind as Mrs. Young's, cool, clear, ' 
capable of dealing with things in the 
abstract to the exclusion of the per- 
sonal. And yet she is not unfeminine. 



Indeed, the local press made much of 
a peculiar little custom of hers in the 
management of her classes while con- 
nected with the University eight or 
ten years ago. Tuesday afternoons 
her students met in her parlors in- 
stead of in the college halls and she 
served coffee while the "recitation 
Was in progress. President Harper 
himself approved of this unusual pro- 
ceeding as he approved of this un- 
usual woman who, to him, marked 
the exception that proved the rule: he 
"didn't wish women on the faculty," 
but Mrs. Young was "different." 

Mrs. Young was born in Buffalo 64 
years ago, coming with her family to 
Chicago in time to be graduated from 
the old Central High School, so many 
years a West Side landmark. She 
was married to William Young in 
1868, a man of frail physique who died 
in California many years ago. She is 
remembered by her host of friends in 
and out of school as a slender, black- 
robed widow, little, but O! such a 
power always, wherever her magnetic 
presence projected itself. Her admin- 
istration is likely to be one of vigor 
and originality if she is allowed to 
work unhampered. That it will be 
regarded with peculiar interest by ed- 
ucators generally and by those who 
are watching the achievements of wo- 
men in administrative capacities, goes 
without saying. 

MRS. S. W. H. 
Chicago, August 1, 1909. 



before the. river front of Washington 
will be a source of pride. 

Commissioner Judson's plans in- 
clude the building of stone or con- 
crete docks in place of the wooden 
structures and shanties that now 
mark the busiest part of town. It is 
proposed in time to have a splendid 
driveway and promenade, a scheme 
which, it is believed, will lead to the 
extension of the city to the other side 
of the Potomac. There is to be built 
a recreation pier where the fish 
wharves now are. 

Potomac Park was established upon 
the flats, the elevation being made 
with the mud and clay dredged from 
the river when the channel was deep- 
ened. This park is only the begin- 
ning, and similar recreation places 
will .be established along the river 
front not available for commercial 
purposes. Along the upper Potomac, 
too, it is proposed to make parks. 

In the extensive river park system 
contemplated, provision will be made 
for the benefit of Georgetown and 
East Washington will have great 
driveways and promenades. Here, 
the shores of the eastern branch of 
the river are lowlying flats: 



WASHINGTON TO IMPROVE 
RIVERFRONT 



Congress Is Asked to Approve Plans 
for Building Parks and Driveway 



In line with the general movement 
"for a more beautiful America," as 
advocated by the American Civic As- 
sociation, plans are pending in Con- 
gress for a thorough improvement of 
the river front of the nation's capi- 
tal. These provide for a park sys- 
tem along the picturesque Potomac 
and the beautification of both sides 
that will be a credit not only to 
Washington, but to the nation. 

In the opinion of Engineer Com- 
missioner, Major W. V. Judson, U. 
S. A., Washington's river front 
"would be a disgrace to a small town" 
and, remarking recently upon the 
present condition of the Potomac's 
banks, Ihe commissioner added that 
"altogether, the spectacle upon the 
river is one which, to a person ac- 
quainted with the trim and often ele- 
gant quays of the capitals of Europe, 
cannot fail to arouse some measure of 
surprise." 

By the terms of a recent decision 
of the Federal Supreme Court, the 
national government has entire con- 
trol of the city's lands bordering upon 
the river. Establishment of Potomac 
Park was the beginning of improve- 
ment and if Congress shall approre 
of the latest plans, it will not be long 



No Hurry About It 

An old Kansas citizen, who had 
been henpecked all his life, was about 
to die. His wife felt it her duty to 
offer him such cohsolation as she 
might, and said: "John, you are about 
to go, but I will follow you." "I sup- 
pose so, Manda," said the old man 
weakly, "but so far as I am concerned, 
you don't need to be in any blamed 
hurry about it." — Argonaut. 



As It Happened 

Maud Muller, on a summer's day, 
Put up a bluff at raking hay. 
But on the high road kept an eye 
In case a judge came riding by. 

And, sure enough, the judge did pass 
At forty miles an hour, alas! 
It gives to romance quite a jar, 
The modern honk-honk touring car. 
— Philadelphia Bulletin. 



Bobby — Please, pa, just one more. 
• Pa— All right. Well, what is it? 

Bobby — Say, pa, who is going to 
bury the last man that dies? — Illus- 
trated Bits. 



How We Invite Fire 
Losses 

American civilization has developed 
a number of highly specialized and 
costly institutions which, while they 
lead the world in equipment and effi- 
ciency, are things to be in reality 
rather ashamed than proud of, since 
they are merely the outgrowths of 
great lack of development along other 
lines. A striking example of this is 
seen in the fire-fighting organizations 
of the United States. These. are ad- 
mittedly by far the best in the world; 
but the}' have simply reached their 
high state of excellence in order to 
enable us to combat dangers arising 
from conditions in building construc- 
tion which are the worst in the world. 

The fire losses of the country for 
the past year were over $200,000,000, 
or about $2.50 per capita, while' the 
additional cost of maintenance of fire 
departments and of excessive insur- 
ance premiums swells the figure to 
$500,000,000. In the six leading Euro- 
pean nations the fire losses are 33 
cents per capita. This applied to the 
United States would reduce our fire 
losses to the comparatively small sum 
of $26,000,000. The cause of this dif- 
erence lies in the material of which 
we build pur houses. This invites 
conflagrations, and it is solely our 
own fault that we are burning up and 
paying out needlessly every year one- 
half of the value of the buildings er- 
ected that year. Tinder boxes! Fire 
traps! Such are the structures that 
in the majority of cases Americans 
erect, although a few of our build- 
ings may be considered models. In 
no country in the world, however, is 
substantial and fire-resistant building 
material so cheap as it is in the Unit- 
ed States. 

Foreign buildings, on the other 
hand, are put up with the intention 
that they shall stay. They are, as a 
rule, more substantially built in every 
particular, .and the material used is 
far more fire-resistant. The entire 
water-supply of London at the dis- 
posal of her fire department would be 
barely sufficient to put out such fires 
as may occur in any of our good- 
sized towns. — From "New Tests for 
Building Construction," by Guy El- 
liott Mitchell, in the American Review 
of Reviews for August. 



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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



11 




eatt?£ 




"The Warrens of Virginia" 

m For the popu- 
The Warrens of Virginia," 
which has crowded the Belasco for 
cond week The play is one of 
3 lights and shades, combining 
harsh moments, when the stern strat' 
f war is uppermost, with the 
delicate appeal of homely, lovable 
everyday scenes. It is splendid ma- 
terial for stock work, and the Belasco 
Company utilizes it with the discrim- 
ination and sureness of touch which 
characterizes that organization. There 
is a problem involved when the young 
lieutenant does his country's bidding 
against every instinct of his nature. 
Richard Bennett solves the problem. 



"The Honor of the Family" 
"The Honor of the Family." as 
presented at the Burbank this week. 
Creditable performance, though 
lacking that 1824 atmosphere ob- 
tained in the Skinner production, by 
the most precise attention to scenic 
and sartorial detail. Not that the Bur- 
bank version is not historically ac- 
curate, but that the research and ex- 
pense necessary to perfection is be- 
yond the scope of a stock company. 
The story is that of two human wills 
in combat over the money and intelli- 
gence of an old man, — the one an un- 
scrupulous woman aiming to gain the 
balance of power by enslaving the 
aged miser's senses, the other the old 




SCENE FROM "THE CLIMAX," 
MASON OPERA HOUSE 



for some of us, by the quiet meaning 
of his portrayal, making it plain that 
for conscience' sake he can take no 
other course than that which he fol- 
lows under pressure of exquisite men- 
tal torture. The scenes between Gen- 
eral Warren and his wife have the 
mellow tenderness of happy middle 
age. David M. Hartford and Miss 
Ida Lewis play them so well that 
they are as interesting as the tenser 
and more youthful love scenes in 
which Miss Helen Holmes proves her 
talents. It is generally hoped that 
the Belasco will retain this clever 
young woman as its leading lady. All 
the minor characterizations are satis- 
factorily done, there being net one 
disappointment in the rather large 
cast. 



man's nephew, bent upon saving the 
honor of his family. It is not a pret- 
ty story, for the methods of both are 
conscienceless. The impassioned con- 
flict of will against will and blow 
against blow ends, in the Balzac fa- 
shion, in the utter defeat of the de- 
signing housekeeper and the death of 
her lover-accomplice. 

The artful, blustering, conceited, 
tremendous role of Colonel Fhillipe 
Bridau is Mr. Desmond's last imper- 
sonation with the Burbank Company. 
His work is happily differentiated 
from the casual conventionality which 
we have grown to expect of him, evi- 
dencing his big possibilities. Yet he 
fails to convey the firm and faithful 
motive underlying his idiosyncrasies, 
the understanding of which won Otis 



Skinm to instant 

sympathy with him. Instead, much 
npathy goes to Flora, 
d too gently by Miss Hall, 
who is skillful in the part, but not 
skillful enough. Mr. Ycrance gi 
Consistently repulsive picture of weak 
senility, -accomplishing some remark- 
able effects. Miss Duflfct should be 
mentioned for her delightful French 
atmosphere, which makes her truer to 
the playwright's intentions than per- 
il other character in the pro- 
duction. The remainder of the com- 
pany does fair work, although seem- 
ing, almost without exception, Ameri- 
can and modern. 



Mason 

Theatre goers of Los Angeles and 
neighboring cities'will be gratified to 
learn that Joseph M. Weber's bril- 
liant New York success, "The Cli- 
max," a three act comedy-drama by 
Edward Locke, will appear at the Ma- 
son Opera House for two weeks be- 
ginning next Monday evening. "The 
Climax" is said to be one of the really 
great plays of the century, and comes 
to Los Angeles highly endorsed by 
the New York critics, who were 
unanimously one in proclaiming it 
"greatest play of the season." 

Los Angeles has been accorded the 
honor of getting the New York com- 
pany, who finished their metropolitan 
engagement at Weber's Theatre last 
Saturday night, and arrived in this 
city last Thursday. The company 
consists of Ruby Bridges, Albert Lat- 
scha, Walter Wilson, and Edwin Au- 
gust. 

The melody drama, as it has been 
termed, is founded upon a subject fa- 
miliar to the inhabitants of even, the 
very smallest hamlets. It is told in 
the simplest language of the people 
that it is supposed to depict, and while 
that language is expressive and in 
many cases almost epigramatical, it 
is the simple conversation of real 
people,. 

The situations are intense, although 
natural and unlabored. There is an 
unusual comedy relief, the- two- to- 
gether forming what has been pro- 
nounced the best play in years. 

There is a vein of incidental music 
by Joseph Carl Breill, running 
throughout the plot, and among the 
features is "The Song of the Soul." 



Burbank 

A. Byron Beasley, long recognized 
as one of the very best actors in stock 
on the coast, will make his debut as 
leading man of the Burbank company 
Sunday afternoon, returning to 
the stage which has been the scene 
of his endeavors for the past year, 
after a vacation of six weeks, but in 
a new capacity. The play for the 
week is "Jack Straw," offered locally 
a few weeks ago at the Mason Opera 
House by John Drew and his com- 
pany. It never has been seen in stock 
and Mr. Beasley will be the second 
man in America to enact its name 
part. With him in the cast, in addi- 
tion to all the favorites of the Bur- 
bank organization, will appear Miss 
Maude Beatty and Miss Lillian Hay- 



ward, both well known to I.os An- 
geles theatre-goers though neither 
\ it before i i the Bur- 

bank stage. 

"Jack Str t( n in the light- 

est comedy vein and is full of amus- 
ing situations and bright, epigramatic 
its satire is aimed at the 
snobbishness so prevalent in English 
society. 

Mr. Beasley will be seen as "Jack 
Straw"; Miss Beatty as Mrs. Parker 
Jennings, Miss Blanche Hall as her 
pretty daughter. Willis Marks as her 
husband and Henry Stockhridge as 
her son. Others in the cast will in- 
clude Harry Mestayer, H. S. Duffield, 
William Yerance, Frederick Gilbert, 
Lovell Alice Taylor, Margo Duffet 
and Lillian Hayward. 

The comedy, in three acts, will run 
through the week with matinees Sat- 
urday and Sunday. 



"Paid in Full" 
So wide is the fame of Eugene Wal- 
ter's "Paid in Full" that the an- 
nouncement that the Wagenhals & 
Kemper Co. will present this play at 
the Mason at an early date will stir 
liveliest expectancy on the part of 
theatre patrons of every mind and 
taste. No play ever produced in this 
country has been more talked about 
and written about than "Paid in 
Full." It piled up the enormous run 
of an unbroken two years in New 
York, and throughout last season five 
companies were playing it all over the 
country. 



Margaret Anglin will appear in a 
new .play next season, "La Rencon- 
tre," a play by Pierre Berton, first 
produced at the Comedie Francaise 
on June 21. 



Harriet Beecher Stowe's grand- 
daughter, Hilda Stowe, is an actress. 
She will appear next season with Wil- 
liam Faversham in "Herod." 



Christian Science Services 

Second Church of Christ Sci- 
entist— Ebell Hall, 18th and Fi- 
gueroa streets. 

Third Church of Christ Sci- 
entist — Simpson Auditorium, 734 
S. Hope Street. Services Sun- 
day 11 a. m. and 8 p. m. Ser- 
mon from the Christian Science 
Quarterly. Subject: 

"SOUL" 

(Children's Sunday School 
9:30 a. m. Wednesday evening 
meetings at 8 o'clock. Reading 
Rooms, 510-511 Herman W. 
Hellman Bldg., Spring and 
Fourth streets, open daily, Sun- 
days excepted, from 9 a. m. to 
9 p. m. 



Christian Science Services 

Fourth Church of Christ 
Sunday services t 1 a. m. Symphony Hall, 232 S. 
Hill street. Sermon from the Christian Science Quar- 
terly: subject: "Soul." Sunday school, 9:30 a. m. 
Wednesday evening testimonial meeting in Blanchard 
Hall. 233 S. Broadway. Reading rooms, 510-511 
H. W. Hellman Bids-, open daily except Sundays, 
from 9 a. m. to 9 p. m. . 



12 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




By LETA 

J. Henry Sharp, the painter of In- 
dians, who was introduced to Los 
Angeles at a reception given by Mr. 
Lungren in his studio, and who after- 
wards gave a very creditable exhibi- 
tion of his Indian paintings, makes 
his home most of the time on the 
center battlefield in the Crovv agency, 
Montana. He possesses an Absaro- 
kee Hut, which is built of logs, and 
furnished in a most unique way;- the 
various woods and skins found in the 
district have been adapted to the fin- 
ishing and hangings lending them- 
selves to -very artistic treatment. Mr. 
Sharp and his wife are spending a few 
weeks in Denver where they have 
been joined by Mr. and Mrs. John 
Gyutzen Borghurn of New York. 



HORLOCftER 

Mr. Richard Kruger, accompanied 
by Professor George Wharton James 
has left for the Grand Canyon of 
Arizona, on a six weeks' sketching 
trip. Mr. Kruger intends painting 
about a dozen small canvases 16x24. 
and will gather' material for a large 
picture of the Canyon to be finished 
on his return. He will probably hold 
a special exhibition of these pictures 
in the early fall. 



Mr. Franz Bischoff is again at 
home in his studio in South Pasa- 
dena. 



Mr. J. Dunbar Houghton, minia- 
ture painter, has opened a studio in 
the Majestic Theatre Building. 



Jean Manheim will be the guest of 
Mr. John W. Mitchell for a week's 
sketching trip around the beaches of 
Southern California. Mr. Manheim's 
host is anxious to demonstrate the 
possibilities for reproduction on can- 
vas of the scenes connected with the 
sea shore. 



Mr. Hernando Villa has gone to 
Salt Lake City to execute an order 
which will keep him there several 
weeks. He writes very enthusiastic- 
ally of the desert scenery. 



Mrs. Frank Jones of Denver, a for- 
mer student of Mr. Jean Manheim, 
has arrived in 1 Los Angeles to spend 
a few weeks, and will study while 
here. Mrs. Jones will sketch in the 
vicinity of Los Angeles, bringing in 
her sketches and compositions for 
criticism, from Mr. Manheim, who 
says that she has unusual ability and 
sincere appreciation for the artistic. 



The Palette and Brush is opening 
a new department under the title of 
''The Students' Guild," which is 
planned especially for the students 
and home workers, giving sugges- 
tions, designs and directions for mak- 
ing small articles readily saleable, 
which will, without too much effort, 
bring them something toward living 
expenses and pin money, while study- 
ing or working at their art in school 
or at home. This magazine is being 
very much appreciate^ in offering de- 
signs and suggestions for the han- 
dicrafts worker. It keeps one in 
touch with the work being done all 
over the country. . 

"The fine arts are duly recognized 
in American cities; but the commer- 
cial class, as has always been its wont 
places them in a category between 
millinery and theology." — Robert 
Herrick. 



"For All The People" 

Here are the concluding words of 
Gov. Hughes in a public address at 
Utica, N. Y., Saturday, July 3, when 
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas R. Proctor 
formally turned over to the city 
Roscoe Conkling park and Thomas 
R. Proctor park. The grand-daugh- 
ter of Senator Conkling unveiled the 
bowlder, on which is a bronze tablet 
inscribed: "Roscoe Conkling park, 
given to the city of Utica for the use 
and benefit of all the people. July 
4, 1909. Thomas R. Proctor." The 
governor said: 

I wish these words, "For the use 
and benefit of all the people," could 
be written over the door of every 
office in Albany. I spoke a moment 
ago of the delight with which we 
view that which is set apart for a 
common purpose and which repre- 
sents our community of interest. Our 
trouble is that a great deal intended 
for the common purpose and for the 
public' benefit is only partially recog- 



The Sights and Wrongs 
of Childhood 

In its desire to be thorough, the 
state will refuse to accept orphan 
asylums as inevitable homes for ever- 
increasing multitudes of children. Or- 
phanhood will not long be tolerated 
as an incident of industrialism. The 
state must do everything that lies 
within its power in order to protect 
children, not by placing them in or- 
phan asylums, but in sheltering them 
from asylums by stopping the need- 
less slaughter of fathers in shop and 
factory and mine. Let our societies 
for the prevention of cruelty to chil- 
dren deal not only with the occasional 
cruelty of a father to his child, but 
with that nation-wide cruelty which 
robs the child of its father! Before 
the care of the orphaned child must 
come such care on the part of the 
state as shall safeguard the life and 
health of the men, "who are carry- 
ing us on their backs." It is pro- 
posed to feed breakfastless children 
in our schools. What of the break- 
fastless — too big or too little to go 
to school? — Stephen S. Wise. Ph. D., 
in the Pacific Monthly for August. 



nized as such, and I would that over 
executive chamber, legislative hall, 
public department and city hall, and 
every part of our municipal and state 
government, could be written the 
words, "For the use and benefit of 
all the people." I should like to see 
every public servant when he takes 
the oath of office wear it upon his 
heart. It might in some cases be a 
satire. It would be helpful always 
to have it closely brought to the at- 
tention of every public officer. Here 
on crowning height surmounting all 
this beautiful scene, are these words 
of deepest significance, but they are 
not' intended for a bowlder upon a' 
prominent place remote from .our 
daily activities. Let us write' them 
in every thought and in every under- 
taking, private or public, remember- 
ing that, indeed, even private en- 
deavor is only a phase' of the com- 
mon activity and that he alone is suc- 
fessful over ' whose whole life work 
may be written the words, "For the 
use and benefit of all the people," 



Caruso has made his reappearance 
on the concert stage at Ostend, and 
his voice is pronounced as beautiful 
as before the recent throat trouble. 



It is reported from Paris that Mme. 
Mariska Aldrich, wife of Ex-Con- 
gressman Frank Aldrich of Illionis, 
has been engaged to sing at the Met- 
ropolitan Opera House, New York, 
on a two years' contract. 



Henry W. Savage's next important 
musical production will be Edmund 
Eysler's "The Love Cure," the Vien- 
nese operetta adapted by Oliver Her- 
ford, which opens Aug. 16 in Roches- 
ter and plays Syracuse and Schenec- 
tady, going to the New Amsterdam 
Theatre, New York, Aug. 30. 



Quite a Scheme 

"You send' me violets every morn- 
ing," said the beautiful girl. 

"I do," responded the ardent lover, 
"no matter what the cost." 

"Quite so. Now why not send up a 
bunch ot asparagus tomorrow instead. 
It would be just as expensive and 
would make a big hit with pa." — Kan- 
sas City Journal. 



Miss Jane Hoffman, a California 
singer at present in Paris, has been 
engaged by Henry Russell for the 
Boston Opera House. . 

Mr. Peet, a very diffident man, was 
unable to prevent himself being intro- 
duced one evening to a fascinating 
young lady, who, misunderstanding 
his name, constantly addressed him as 
Mr. Peters, much to the gentleman's 
distress. Finally summoning up the 
courage, he earnestly remonstrated: 
"Oh, don't call me Peters. Call me 
Peet!" 

"Ah, but I don't know you wall 
eough, Mr. Peters," said the young 
lady, blushing, as she withdrew be- 
hind her fan. — Catholic News. 



Patience: "Do you know the name 
of that piece?" Patrice: "Do you 
mean the one the woman was sing- 
ing or the one the pianist was play- 



Had His Own 

Passe Dger Agent — Here are some 
postcard views along our line of rail- 
road. Would you like them? 

Patron — No, thank you. T rode over 
the line one day last week and have 
views of my own on it. — Chicago 
News. 



mg.' 



-Yonkers Statesman. 



The Boss-e — "Well, Bridget, do you 
want to leave or stay?" The Cook^- 
"Don't thry to boss me. Faith, I 
dunno. If yez want me to shtay, I'll 
lave,, an' if yez want me to lave, I'll 
shtay!" — Cleveland Leader. 



"People will praise my work after 
I am dead," said the playwright, 
gloomily. "Perhaps," answered the 
cold-blooded actor; "but isn't it a 
good deal of a sacrifice to make for 
a little praise?" — Washington Star. 



No One Questions It 

An automobile party was touring 
through the mountainous district • of 
Western Pennsylvania, and. had made 
a stop in one of the small towns to 
make some repairs to the machine. 
While they waited the attention of 
one of the party was called to an in- 
telligent looking lad of about four- 
teen, who seemed to be very much 
interested in the work, and of whom 
the following question was asked: 



"Say, son, what do you live on out 
here?" 

"Nuthin'," replied the somewhat 
surprised youth. "Dad's a preacher." 
— Judge. 



"Yes, I married for sympathy, don't 
you know; it's what a bachelor rarely 
gets." 

"Well, you have mine, old chap." — 
London Opinion. 




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National Soldiers' Home, Playa Del Rey, 
Redondo. 

Fish at LONG WHARF 

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One Whole Day for $1.00 

70 Miles of California's Finest 
Scenery. 28 Miles Right Along 
the Ocean. An Experienced 
Guide With Each Car. 
Cars Leave Hill Street Station 
9:40 a. m. Daily 

Passenger Station 
Hill Street Between Fourth and Fifth 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



13 




2Jf/5IC 



"I.' Ann. 

a tir-i presenta- 

I by the International 

ompany, Wedm 

night. The opera, while lacking the 

die qualities which characterize 

.Ileri.i Rusticana," is neverthe- 

fine work and is particularly 

_ in point ,ii orchestration 

not the pure melody that 
one would expect to find from this 
- pen, hut some of the con- 
cried numbers show superb values in 
the score. 

Mint. Bertossi a- Suzel and M. 
Colombini as Fritz had the hulk of 
the work, and they acquitted them- 
- remarkably well. Their rendi- 
tion of the "Cherry duet" was one of 
tlie finest things they have done dur- 
ing the present engagemennt, and the 
"Violet Song,'' which Suzel sings iii 
the firs! act. showed Mmc. Bertossi's 
10 great advantage. Colombini 
demonstrated again his power as an 
actor, and ibis combined with his fine 
. r.ce and rarely beautiful 
vie. stamped him as one worthy to 
rank with some of the best artists in 
.rand opera. 

The duel in the last act when Fritz 
reveals bis love for Suzel was nothing 
less than inspiring and called forth a 
storm of applause that would not be 
silenced until a repetition was given. 

The orchestra gave a spirited ren- 
dering of the intermezzo between acts 
Iwo and three, and M. Merolla con- 
ducted with an understanding and 
sympathy that left little to be desired. 
He broke his almost inflexible rule to 
allow the audience to hear it a sec- 
ond time. 

Arcangcli again proved himself an 
artist it, the character of David, and 
the Beppe of Mile. Strauss was more 
than acceptable. 

Thursday nigh: "Camille" was giv- 
en with Mine. Xorelh in the title role. 
Friday nigh; "Otcllo" at the Saturday 
matinee, "Fedora" is to be repeated, 
and tonight the company closes a very 
successful engagement with a com- 
posite hill, introducing a double cast 
of principals and the entire company. 
Act II of "Lucia," including the Sex- 
tette and Mad Scene; Act II of "II 
Trovatore" (camp scene) and "Caval- 
leria Rusticana" is the programme 
billed. 

Dr. Ludwig Wuellner, who will be 

heard in Los Angeles this coming 
season in an autobiographical sketch 
of his career, says: 

"1 cannot regard the 'lied' from a 
merely musical point of view; it 
means more to me than an aria, a 
purely vocal piece. A 'lied' must al- 
ways seem like the expression of a 
profound, soulful, personal feeling 
(die Arusserung einer tiefen seelis- 
chen Selbstgefrciung). The hearer 
must get the impression that the per- 
son who sings this or thai song al 
this special moment sings it not be- 
cause he wants to so so or wishes to 




please others, but because lie must, 
because he cannot do otherwise, but 
must express himself, must give vent 

I" hi- feelings. That alone is to me 
true lyric an. I 'hus the mi 

i he content") of every song be- 
comes associated with some actual 
occurrence in the singer's own life. In 
this way the 'lied' becomes an impro- 
visation; ii is. as it were, born anew 
each time it is sung. To reach that 
result, to create the song over again, 
each time from within — that is what 
1 try to do. It is self-evident that in 
this procedure the tonal musical form 
must not be in the least neglected — 
For the form is here often the soul." 



With regard to Miss Ethel Smyth's 
"The Wreckers," which was produced 
at His Majesty's Theatre. London, 
England, a musical critic in the Even- 
ing Standard, says: "Wagner is the 
keynote of both Miss Smyth's inspi- 
ration and expression. There is 
scarcely a bar "that does not speak 
of his influence. But it is no con- 
fession of weakness on the part of 
the composer, rather merely a proof 
of the school in which she has found 
the most sympathetic outlet for her 
own powers. No one can deny Miss 
Smyth the possession of boundless 
resources. This was evident in every 
page of the scene of 'The Wreckers.' 
In fact, she errs on the side of ex- 
travagance, and many a good idea of 
which much might have been made 
is just touched and left. Cuts are 
badly needed. One gets as weary 
of some of her characters as of Wo- 
tan in 'The Ring.' The piece is in 
parts ill knit together, and the com- 
poser has lost sight of the exigencies 
of the drama in the fascination of the 
score." 



Mr. Francis W. Gates, who assisted 
William Shakespeare in revising his 
book, "The Art of Singing," has re- 
ceived the following letter from the 
well known composer and teacher: 
Mansfield Lodge, 
15 Hamilton Terrace, N. W. 

July 20. 1909. 
My Dear Gates: 

You will doubtless have expected . 
news of my book . . . Before long. 
I hope to hear from Messrs. Ditson 
that they agree with the London pub- 
lisher to issue an entirely new edi- 
tion and in one volume. This is as 
it should be. I have been at work 
at it, simplifying when possible and 
1 appreciate more and more your 
valuable advice in the matter. . . 
I saw Ditson in New York and they 
were most kind and promised on 
their part to consider favorably the 
idea of a new edition. 

This has been a very fair season 
in London with lots of teaching to 
do. All is however now drying up. 
I long to come to Los Angeles again. 
Perhaps in 1911 if all is well. 

My wife joins me in warm regards 
to you both and also to all our 
friends. Write me any news. 

Yours very sincerely, 
WM. SHAKESPEARE. 



"The Mermaid," a secular cantata 
written by Julian Edwards of New 
York, composer of "Dolly Varden," 
was given iis second presentation al 
Chautauqua. N. Y.. during the first 
week in August. The work is said 
to be a "remarkable composition." 
and was well received by the large 
audience present. 



rill) Koenen, the Dutch "lieder" 
announced her intention 
of including songs by America;! 

William C Carl, director of the 
Guilmant ( ir.^.m School and al 
ganist and choirmaster ... thi I lid 
First" Presbyterian Church in New 

York, has been decorated by the 
Fn nch I lo, ernment as ,-, recognition 
of his work in promoting French mu- 
sic and methods in ilii- country. The 
honor conferred is that of ( tfiicci of 
the French Academy. 



various other roles in hi 
reperr 



\ number of Wagner-lovers abroad 

have, ii is said, set on foot a scheme 
i" acquire the villa at Triesbschen, 

near Lucerne, where the master lived 
from 1886 to 1872, and to convert it 
into a museum of relics. The bouse 
appears to have remained exactly as 
it was during the composer's lesi- 
dence, and the idea is to prevent its 
falling into the hands of anyone who 
might turn it to speculative account. 
It was at this beautiful Swiss retreat 
that Wagner obtained some of his 
finest inspirations. 



The Boston Music Company has 
issued a new volume of sacred selec- 
tions for male voices which is pub- 
lished under the title of "The Uni- 
versity Choir." The collection is said 
to be much above the ordinary, and 
contains thirty-five anthems of varied 
styles, by such composers as Bee- 
thoven, Mendelssohn, Handel and 
Spohr, The book is provided with 
organ accompaniments throughout. 



Puccini seems to have found a hard 
nut to crack in the setting to music 
of "The Girl from the Golden West," 
says E. R. Parkhurst, musical editor 
of the Toronto Globe. It is now 
two years, I think, since he under- 
took to make an opera of the drama, 
and so far there is no word that the 
work is Hearing completion. One 
may vainly conjecture how he will 
musically treat the card scene, which 
one would conclude does not lend 
itself to effective musical treatment. 
The card scene in "Carmen" is sim- 
plicity itself by comparison. Bizet 
has scored the trio in this scene most 
ingeniously, the dramatic contrast 
and the musical mood being happily 
contrived. In the Belasco drama the 
girl is playing cards for her lover's 
life and does not scruple to cheat. 
One waits with considerable curiosity 
to hear how Puccini will deal with 
this complex situation. 



Mmc. Anita Rio, the American so- 
prano, who appeared in London for 
the first time a few weeks ago at 
Bechstein Hall, has been engaged to 
sing at the Royal Opera Covent Gar- 
den. She will give the music of 
Donna Alvira in the special revival of 
Mozart's opera. "Don Giovanni." She 
will also appear during the season in 



THE LOS ANGELES 

MUSIC SHOP 

3 15 Blanchard Building 

MA>N 2202 HOME 10062 



Mark Harribourg i 
periences in fh 

world in ill, form of a : 
fTambourg has just Ii 
Normandy with his win- and 
where hi intend .,■ the next 

few months to the pi. paration of his 
book. 

Richard L« t ialliennc has i oni 

pletcd his version stes w hich 

William Faversham and \\ alter I lam 
rosch in conjunction with the New 
Vork Symphony orchestra will pre- 
sent in New York next season. Only 
a few performances of Orestes will 
be given, and these al matinees dm 
ing Mr Faversham's season in Herod. 



On August 20th Caruso opens bis 
first British concert tour in Dublin, 
when he goes to Plymouth, Black- 
pool, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Newcasile- 
on-Tyne, Manchester, Belfast, Albert 
Hall, London and Liverpool. On 
August 1, 5, and 9 he sings at Oslend. 
receiving $10,000 for three perform- 
ances. 



Though cringed with being a "ma- 
chine mayor," Robert W. Speer of 
Denver has held the position of mayor 
five years and the indications are that 
he can have the position as long as he- 
wants it. The people like him and 
one explanation given for that regard 
is that Speer has insisted on plenty 
of music for the people of Denver 
ever since he was elected. 

All last winter an Italian band, as- 
sisted by the best vocal talent avail- 
able, gave two concerts in the Audi- 
torium every Sunday. Throughout the 
summer months concerts are being 
given in the parks every evening and 
on three afternoons each week. The 
people of Denver like good music. 
From 10.000 to 14,000 people bear 
every concert. 

Perhaps it is because the people like 
music that they like Speer, who fur- 
nishes it to them free. At any rate, 
he is popular. 



First Chauffeur — Do you find out 
who you run over? Second Chauffeur 
— Of course; I always read the pa- 
pers! — New York Sun 



Blanchard Hall Studio Building 

Devoted exclusively to Music, Art, Science 
Studios and Halls for all purposes for rent. Largest 
Studio building in ihe West. For terms and all infor- 
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233 S Broadway - - 232 S. Hill St. 
Los Angeles, California 



STUDIOS FOR RENT 

Well lighted and quiet studloa In 
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for musicians and artists. For 
terms apply to the Manager, 1044 
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IN ALL ITS BRANCHES 



14 



P A C I F IX OUTLOOK 




IrtlT OE.Mj.SS 




Forbes Robertson, the English ac-- 
tor, began a long acquaintance with 
the late Algernon Swinburne when he 
was twelve and the poet was twenty- 
eight, says the American 'Musician. 
The "Atlanta in Calydon" was first 
read in the drawing room of Mr. 
Robertson's mother. Swinburne was 
fond of reading, not only his own 
work, but that of others. He did not, 
indeed, read so much as chant in a 
wonderful way, as effective as it was 
original. 

"Well do I remember," says Mr. 
Robertson, "one evening when he had 
been reading from 'The Duchess of 
Malfi,' and was about to take his leave. 
He rushed back, pushed my father to 
one side, and, with flashing eyes, said: 
'Wait a bit; we must kill ,the duchess!' 

"Swinburne was passionately fond 
of children and exercised an extraordi- 
nary influence over them. Once, I 
remember, when my sister (Mrs. Har- 
rod) was a little tot of a few months 
old, and was crying bitterly, he said 
he could at once soothe her sorrows, 
and, taking her in his arms, he nestled 
his head against her own. Instantly, 
with a broken sob, the tears ceased, 
and Swinburne carried the contented 
child up three flights of stairs without 
a protest." 



China is preparing to take a census 
of her 400,000,000 people. The census 
is to be a thorough one, and after it 
is done the facts and figures are to be 
kept pretty well up to date. One pro- 
vision of the regulations for officials 
reads: "After the completion of this 
census all births, deaths, marriages 
and adoptions must be reported by 
the head of the family to the local 
census office or police station; 'the 
records of families must be revised 
every two months and records of indi- 
viduals every six months and reports 
must be made annually to the Board 
of the Interior by the directors gen- 
eral of the census from the various 
provinces." 



The London Magazine tells an 
amusing story concerning Madame ■ 
Melba: "One day, when passing a 
very showy drug-store, which had its 
entire front space covered with glar- 
ing advertisements of 'Melba' per- 
fume, she went in to test its quality. 
This she found of such a character 
that she felt called upon to remon- 
strate with the proprietor: 'How dare 
you attach my name to such vile 
stuff! And how dare you use my 
name at all without consulting me!' 
The. druggist took her expostulations 
quite coolly, and answered: 'It's no 
use you making a fuss. I have as 
much right to it as you have, for 
your real name is Mrs. Armstrong.' 
Knowing the right of his contention, 
she retired gracefully, but immedi- 



ately patented the name 'Melba' in 
America, so that she might control 
its use in all such matters." 



Referring to the government sale of 
smuggled finery, a 'New York local 
item says: Nearly one thousand 
women were present,- many of social 
prominence braving the rain, and 
others being represented 'by their 
modistes. Many of the women, how- 
ever, made no efforts to obtain the 
goods, as representatives of Chicago, 
Boston, Omaha and Philadelphia firms 
showed such spirited rivalry as to bar 
them out. The goods sold were ap- 
praised at $16,000, and government of- 
ficials think they were obtained at 
bargain prices. 



Charles Frohman's idea of a theat- 
rical "motor week" has aroused the 
curiosity of the rather jaded smart 
set whose members stroll into the 
theatre in the middle of the first act 
and. often leave in ,the middle of the 
last. 

Mr. Frohman's plan is to be tried 
in New York next season. At four 
of his New York theatres an act of 
four of the plays enjoying the great- 
est success in the city will be played 
by the companies performing in .those 
plays. The companies will tour by 
motor from one theatre to another, 
playing a different act of their plays 
in each house. The fun will come in 
when those who wish to see the en- 
tire play will follow the players from 
one theatre to another, while those 
who wish to see "samples" of four 
great successes will remain in the 
house. 



C. E. Parrish, of North Yakima, 
Wash., is the first man to grow can- 
teloupes in the shape of a cube. This 
result is achieved by putting the 
growing melons in troughs that shape 
them as they enlarge. He declares 
that the new shape makes the melons 
more profitable at market. 



The Kaiser has ordered that foot- 
ball shall henceforth be part of the 
training of all German soldiers. 



Sir John Thorneycroft, an English 
engineer, has perfected a flat-bot- 
tomed motor-boat which makes thirty 



miles an hour. The boat rises almost 
out of the water when high speed is 
attained, almost entirely eliminating 
the retarding resistance of an ordi- 
nary deep-draft craft. 



Mrs. Humphrey Ward is writing a 
new novel, which she intends to call 
"Robert Elsmere, Twenty Years Af- 
ter." 



As a commentary on the long road 
to success as a dramatist, it is inter- 
esting to name over Charles Klein's 
plays and librettos in the order of 
their production, and note which are 
at all familiar to the public today. 
They are "A Mile a Minute," "By 
Proxy," "A Paltry Million," "The 
District Attorney," "El Capitan," 
"Heartsease," "The Charlatan," "The 
Hon. John Grigsby," "Dr. Belgraff," 
"A Royal Rogue," "The Cypher 
Code," "The Auctioneer," "Mr. Pick- 
wick," "Red Feather," "The Music 
Master," "The Lion and the Mouse," 
"The Daughters of Men," "The Step- 
Child," "The Third Degree." 



Lieutenant Shackleton, who has 
just returned from the South Pole- 
hunting expedition, says that pen- 
guins ' are attracted by the gramo- 
phone — the air, "Waltz me around 
again, Willie," apparently appealing 
to them especially. 



"Love's Privilege", by Stella M. 
During, which recently appeared in 
the Chicago Record-Herald's series 
of prize mystery stories, was pub- 
lished early in May by the Lippin- 
cotts. Not only was this novel one 
of the twelve chosen out of a large 
number submitted, but it was placed 
among the first three on the list of 
merit and was awarded one of the 
three one-thousand dollar prizes of- 
fered by the company. That it re- 
quires considerable cleverness to un- 
ravel the mystery is shown by the 
fact that some 3,500 solution were re- 
ceived and out of these only 106 were 
correct or approximately correct. 



The cowboy of the west and south- 
west is laying aside his spurs and 
quirt, for the reason that the mus- 
tang with which he he used to spend 
days in the saddle is being replaced 
by the automobile. So proficient has 
he become in the handling of the new 
steed that with it he has been able to 
run down and rope a steer in twenty- 
four and one half seconds, a record 
recently made in a cowboy contest in 
Texas. 

The feat is the work of a man who 



a decade ago was the first to take 
horses from this country to Cecil 
Rhodes for use during the troubles 
of that time in South Africa. This 
adventurer in unusual enterprises is 
D. A. Moss. Twenty-four and one-half 
seconds is a record for any "husky" 
cowboy anywhere in the west to get 
out and break if he thinks he is 
speedy in the handling of both an 
automobile and a lariat. 



An "ear contest" was held in Paris 
recently, the object of which was to 
find how many cars the competitors 
could recognize by the sound of their 
exhausts, the machines being out of 
sight of the entrants. A mechanic 
succeeded in naming eight of the 12 
cars tested, and was awarded a gold 
medal. 



According to a recent computation 
there are at least 40,000 automobiles 
and motorcycles in France. Ordinary 
bicycles have now reached the large 
total of 430,000. 



Probably the hardest blow yet given 
to the ill-smelling cigarette is to be 
found in the following conclusion to a 
recent "Dooley" article by Peter Fin- 
ley Dunne: 

"What ar-re these Turkish athroci- 
ties I've been re-readin' about?" said 
Mr. Hennessy. 

"I don't know," said Mr. Dooiey. 
"I don't keep thim. Have a cigar." — 
Sacramento Bee. 



Why She Had Friends 

Mistress — I don't want you to have 
so much company. You have more 
callers in a day than I have in a 
week! 

Domestic — Well, miim, perhaps if 
you'd try to be a little more agree- 
able you'd have as many friends as 
I have! — Puck. 



Her — You never dream of getting 
married, I suppose? 

Him — Oh, yes — after I've eaten 
welsh rabbit. — Cleveland Leader. 




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PACIFIC OUTLOOK 




\ tour to San Di 

ibout five days is thi 
M Young of the Bireley and 
_ nts for the 
Columbia; 'and his suggestion 
>ken up enthusiastically bj 
iid private owners in the city. 
If the first tour prow- a success Mr. 
Young hopes to increase the distance 
n Francisco, and to make the 
run an annual affair that will eclipse 
the Glidden Tour. 



An automobile race for high _ 
high power cars will be run at Tan 
loran race track. San Francisco, Sun 
day, September 5. It will be an event 
such as the people of the Pacific 
Coast have never seen before. 

The Forthcoming event will be run 
annually. It will be a race for stock 
cars selling for $4000 and over and 
the distance will be 300 miles. The 
event has been christened the "Gol- 
den Wesl Grand Prize Motor Race," 
and a magnificent $2500 trophy do- 
nated by the Hotel St. Francis of San 
Francisco will be the prize to be con- 
1 i"r, which will become the per- 
manent property of the contestant 
winning it three times, successively or 
otherwise, with the same make of car. 



The Maxwell 1910 Model "Q," one 
of the best looking cars seen in Los 
AngeleS, has arrived, and is on exhi- 
bition at the showrooms. The stand- 
ard runabout sells for $850, "QT' with 
rear seat for one, $875 and with rear 
seat for two, $900. 



Ralph J. Leavitt, agent for the Lo- 
comobile, will handle in addition to 
his present line, the Renault, a new 
car in the local field. 

The 200 mile race of the Cheyenne 
Motor Club to lie held at Cheyenne, 
Wyo., 'Monday next, promises to 
bring together a number of the fin- 
est drivers in the country, among 
whom will be Harold Brinkcr, Martin 
Fletcher, Linn Matthewson, the two 
latter driving the Oldsmobile and 
Thomas respectively. The Corbin 
cars entered will be handled by Eaton 
McMillan and Eddie Noyes, and Mor- 
ris Martin will be at the wheel of the 
Marmon. 

There are three events scheduled 
for the meet. The first will be for 
members of the Cheyenne Motor Club 
only and this race will be called 
promptly at noon. Immediately fol- 
lowing will be a twenty-five-mile race 
for gasoline cars, open to the world. 
The principal event of the meet will 
be the 200-mile race, for which a 
purse of $750 in gold has been hung 
up for the winner. This race will 
start at 2 o'clock. 

A speed trial for the world's rec- 
ord will be made by George Hering 
with a Stanley steamer. The present 
record is twenty-eight seconds for 



'he mile, made by Marriott on the 
la beach, and Hering will at- 
tempt to lower that. His Stanley i- 
a duplicate of the car driven by Mar 
riolf, 

Against fifteen gasoline cars of all 

classes, the Model ,- i i" White steamer 
won the recent Denver-Pueblo endur- 
ance race, the first annual four of 
the Denver Motor Club for the Allen 
trophy. There were no perfect 
The steam car had the least 
penalization. Five-tenths of a point 
was imposed by the technical com- 
mittee. The distance of the reliability 
contest was 229 miles. 



Recently the cable brought the 
news that the French Government 
had been making investigations and 
gathering statistical matter regarding 
road building in all countries, and 
notably in the United States, says the 
San Francisco News Letter. It was 
stated that in the United States but 
7.14 of the total mileage of roads 
had beeh improved. This is not in- 
tended as an arraignment'of Ameri- 
ca, and the intelligence was received 
in France by incredulous shrugs. It 
was unbelievable that so great a na- 
tion could so far forget itself in not 
ensuring a greater measure of pros- 
perity to posterity. The above per- 
centage means that out of an approx- 
imate total of 2,150,000 mileage, bul 
150,000 miles may be said to be class- 
ed in the good roads category. 

Comment was created all over 
France, and scholars, students of 
economics, learned editors and pro- 
fessors, began to figure on the waste- 
fulness of the American people. It 
was said that this policy of do noth- 
ingness was clearly in line with for- 
est denudation and with the loss of 
water rights to the private corpora- 
tion and the gradual loss of the wa- 
ter itself through deforestation. It 
was shown that we are a thriftless, 
shiftless nation, to whom the Gods 
had granted a plentitude of all the 
gifts at their command, and that in a 
largesse of prodigality we are bent 
on spreading to the four winds the 
blessings so freely given. 

It was said that history's pages 
proved that the powers which have 
in turn ruled the world have always 
led in road building. 

That America fails to appreciate 
this need. 

That, were American officials as 
wide awake to the importance of 
highways as the officials of France, 
the gain to the American Republic 
would exceed a quarter of a billion 
dollars annually. 

The figures are not French figures, 
but were originally given to the pub- 
lic at the International Good Roads 
Congress at Paris by Director Logan 
Waller Page of the Office of Public 



Roads •■: Vgriculvural it, 

partini nt, 

Only 

an incident of political life activit) 
in all i!h- States, and 
fornia. rather than a great universal 
improving and constant function. The 
-aim- appli' - So it is with 

our roads, with this dilTcn ncc— our 
country road, arc in nearly every in- 
stance makeshifts. They are cheap 
in the beginning and the most ex- 
pensive luxurj tin- Republic, the 

State or the count] hi- to pay for ill 
flic end 



mission tickets to be disposed of by 

the factory and store girls of the 

town. The ten girls making the larg- 

be rewarded with a 



After a visit to sixty-one of Amer- 
ica's leading automobile factories, Al- 
fred Reeves, general manager of the 
American Motor Car Manufacturer,' 
Association, states that automobiles 
are standard, and that few changes 
arc to be expected in the 1910 models. 
He estimates next year's production 
as about 200,000 motor cars, and says 
that while there will be no reduction 
ill the price of the standard models, 
there will be more given in a motor 
car next year than even before. In 
other words, while the price of" ma- 
terials has been advancing, the cost 
of manufacture is being reduced, and 
the makers are making refinements 
that will bring out better cars with- 
out advancing prices. 



On September 1st Leon T. Shett- 
ler will open a fine garage at San 
Diego, the dimensions of which will 
be 100x100 feet. Next year Mr. 
Shettler will carry four lines, embrac- 
ing thirteen models, the Woods elec- 
tric car, the Reo, the Apperson and 
Kisselkar. 



"Automobile owners generally are 
coming to a realization of the fact 
that a heavy motor car is not the 
profitable one for their use," is the 
statement made by H. H. Franklin, 
head of the company which makes 
the Franklin automobiles. "Such 
vehicles mean great waste of power. 
Their first work must always be the 
carrying of their own excess weight, 
an increased percentage of power be- 
ing used in the moving of the car it- 
self and a smaller relative amount in 
the actual transportation of passen- 
gers or other load. Therefore, it is 
the light-weight motor car which to 
the greatest extent makes its power 
do the work for which it was in- 
tended." 

Mr. and Mrs. H. Chadwick Hunter 
of Washington are taking a four in 
their Franklin runabout from the na- 
tional capital to Denver, allowing 
about three weeks for the 2,200-mile 
trip at the rate of 100 miles a day. 
Their route is north through Penn- 
sylvania and New York and then 
west through Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, 
Iowa and Nebraska, with possibly a 
run into New Mexico 



"Automobile regulations may com< 

and go," -.<\ - S 1 1. Mora, tr«aau>er of 
the American Motor Car ManuTactur- 
Vssociation, "but as the louring 
season i- renewed each year the fact 
is strongly emphasized that no auto- 
mobile law will ever he satisfactory 
and just until a national federal bill is 
enacted making one registration num- 
ber good in c.-u-li State. It is unques- 
tionably unfair that automobiles in 
Che use of the interstate highways 
should be obliged to submit to the di- 
verse State regulations as to registra- 
tion and identification, which State re- 
quirements result in the imposition of 
as many different taxes as there are 
States through which the automobilist 
passes. Under the present automobile 
regulations there is a necessity some- 
times of procuring new numbers for 
the car, and in some cases adding 
these numbers to those already in 
place; in other cases removing all 



In order to finance the National 
Automobile and Motorcycle races to 
be held over the Merrimac Valley 
Course, at Lowell. Mass., Sept. 6, 7. 
8. 9 and 10. the Lowell Automobile 
Club has placed on sale 100.000 ad- 



Excelsior 

The shades of night were falling fast 
When home the lamp-shade came at 

last, 
Which I had bought that very day 
Tn town, packed in a sort of hay — 

Excelsior. 
My brow was sad when I beheld 
To what a size the shade had swelled; 
For surely, if it were not such, 
They'd never, never need so much 

Excelsior. 
I bore the package to my room. 
For how could I foresee my doom? 
I pushed the desk and table back 
And slowly started to unpack 

Excelsior. 
I burrowed deep, and downward dug. 
Until I'd covered all my rug. 
I spread it then upon the floor, 
But still I pulled out more and more 

Excelsior. 
"It can not be," I said at last, 
"That in my haste the shade I've 

passed." 
But tho' the lamp-shade I may miss, 
I know I never ordered this 

Excelsior. 
Then it began to fill the air. 
The desk, the table — everywhere. 
It reached the ceiling, blocked the 

door, 
And yet there still remained some 
more 

Excelsior. 
Next morning I, of course, was 

missed, 
And with the shade clasped in my 

fist. 
With hay below and hay above. 
They found me in a mountain of 

Excelsior. 
Now. when I order anything — 
A picture or a vase or ring — 
I always tell them at the store 
To please omit the ton or more 
Excelsior. 
— Christian Work and Evangelist. 




Lissner 



524 
S. Spring St. 



I Fireproof 

Modern 

Central 
k 
I 

,!£-, Desirable suites 

ill. of from 2 to 5 

private offices 

with comaon 

reception room. 



Single Rooms as 
_j Low as $12.50 



Ho 


tel 


Melrose 


120 


South 


Grand Avenue 


Positively a 


first class family 






hotel. 


The 


Melrose has been estab- 


lished 


for many years and it is 


well known 


for the "table it 


sets." 


Rates 


$2.00 a day and up. 





For Good Service 
Use the 

"HOME" 



Home Telephone & Telegraph Co. 

716 S. Olive St. Los Angeles, Cal. 




BUNGALOWS 



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C. C. Patterson, Secretary 
Fourth and Broadway 



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BEKINS 

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1335 South Figueroa 



Call and inspect. Reduced Rate 
Shippers of household goods to 
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rri T T "p» Q 'Domestic ana 
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For Mantels and Floors 
Marble and Stone 

Pacific Tile and Mantel Co. 

Agents for Grutby and Reokwood Tilts 
Tie- 18 South Soring Street 



Home Phone F2844 

Dr. William D. Flory 

Dentist 

Rooms 3-4, 455 So. Broadway 

At Fifth Street 

Los Angeles, Cal. 




The Misses Page School for Girls 

243 WEST ADAMS STREET 
Home Phone 21202 
Sunset South 3539 

Amid ideal surroundings and directed by competent teachers the 
girls of this School make rapid progress. In addition to the regular 
school studies they are taught vocal and instrumental music, drawing 
and painting, and physical culture. Ample facilities are afforded for 
recreation and the girls' home training and moral welfare is attended 
to in a manner to bring out the sweet and beautiful in character, so 
essential to true womanhood. 



A School for Boys 



Under the same management, located at 137 West Adams Street. 
Telephone Home 21203. The boys receive military instruction, Cap- 
tain Robert T. Gibbs being commandant. 

This is a splendid home for boys and also a well regulated school- 
home where the character training of the boy is given the importance 
it deserves. The proverb "Train up the child in the way he should 
go; and when he is old he will not depart from it," is exemplified at 
this school. Boys here are taught manliness, obedience, punctuality, 
industry and learning in a way fitting them suitably as foundation 
stones for life's progress. Boys of any age after 5 years admitted. 
Each boy is held to be an individual. Not being held back by class 
restrictions his progress is rapid and certain. 

Call, Telephone or Write for Catalogue. p up iis admitted at any time. 



/c 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



Vol. VII. Mo. 8. 



Los Angeles, California, August 21, 1909. 



5 Cents fl.OO a Year 



THE PUBLIC BE D- 



-D! 



PACIFIC 



OUTLOOK 



There is nothing like an object lesson, ami 
the one li e public of this city is getting, as 
to the effect of putting machine candidates 
in office as supervisors, will probably be 

worth all it c< - 

It comes a la bonne heme, as the French 
say — just in the nick of time. We are about 
to enter upon a campaign for a city election, 
and the machine, the Republican Southern 
Pacific organization, intends to oiler us the 
customary straight ticket — straight, only it 
is crooked in spots. And when we are 
tempted to vote for any of it, let us remem- 
ber the Board of Supervisors, and quit he- 
fore we begin. 

N'ellis, McCabe and Kldridge, three men 
who are deliberately violating their pledges 
to the voters, and who, when called to an 
accounting by the civic bodies, have an- 
nounced their attitude, if not in the very 
words, at least in the spirit of the words 
that head this article. 

These men were all nominated by the ma- 
chine, that is to say by the Southern Pacific 
portion of the Republican party. In the 
case of Eldridge, as there was grave danger 
that he might be beaten by an independent, 
the Southern Pacific pulled down his Demo- 
cratic machine nomination as well. The 
complaisant Democrat thus pulled down was 
no other than Martin C. Marsh, whom Mr. 
Eldridge afterwards put into office as a 
Road Commissioner. 

These men were all elected by Republican 
votes — the votes of deluded citizens who 
feel that they must vote for the party nomi- 
nees whoever they are, just to keep the or- 
ganization in good working order. Not one 
man in 20 of those who voted for the three 
knew him personally. They were accepted 
by the voters because they had been picked 
out by the party leaders and carried the 
party endorsement. That is all there is to 
that end of the story. 

What in the name of conscience has Los 
Angeles county ever done to the Republican 
party that it should give us such people 
for supervisors as we have been compelled 
to endure for the past six or seven years 
— Alexander, Pridham and Manning being 
the honorable exceptions. Think 'em over 
— Pete Wilson, Al Graham, Patterson, El- 
dridge, Nellis, McCabe! Have we really 
deserved this? It seems like a dreadful price 
to pay for the sin of partisanship, but per- 
haps it is deserved. 

We have voted three and a half million 
dollars to be spent on good roads in the 
county, a prodigal sum, but good roads are 
well worth it. When the road commission- 
ers were appointed by the last Hoard of 
Supervisors there were two that looked good 
and one that did not meet the approbation 
of the public. So it was a question whether 
the bonds would carry or not. The Board 
then appealed to the civic bodies, and pro- 
posed that a special advisory committee be 
chosen by these bodies who should be al- 



Published Every Saturday 

837 South Spring St. 

Los Angeles, California, 

by the 

PACIFIC OUTLOOK COMPANY 
Subscription price $1.00 a year in advance. 
Single copies 5 cents at all news stands. 

A. M. DUNN^ Manager 
C. D. WILLARD Editorial Contributor 

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS— The Pacific Out- 
look is mailed to subscribers through the Los 
Angeles Post Office every Friday, and should 
be delivered in every part of the city by Satur- 
day's post. If for any reason it should be de- 
layed, or be delivered in poor condition, sub- 
scribers will confer a favor upon the publishers 
by giving them immediate notice. 

Entered ai lecond-claaa matter April 5, 1907, at the pc-Btornce at 
Loi Angelei, California, under the act of CongrcM of March j, 1879. 



lowed to pass on all appointments made by 
the Supervisors to the Road Commission 
and all important action on road matters 
either by the Supervisors or the Road Com- 
mission. On this kind of an understanding 
the civic bodies endorsed the bond issue and 
it was carried. The new Supervisors or, 
their part agreed to stand by the pledge 
made by their predecessors. 

These pledges the three, Eldridge, Nellis 
and McCabe, have deliberately violated. 
They appointed an entire board of Road 
Commissioners without consulting the Ad- 
.visory Committee, and the" new board be- 
gan operations by turning off an efficient 
secretary and replacing him by a political 
henchman of one of the supervisors. 

Of the qualifications of the new board of 
Road Commissioners — of whom two have 
served before — we need to know only these 
two facts: First that they are willing to 
accept and to hold the office in spite of the 
•violation of pledge through which their elec- 
tion was secured, and second that they 
served as dummies in the election of a sec- 
retary chosen over their heads. 

That will be about all for them. Can men 
of that type be trusted to protect the tax- 
payer from the designs of the solid three 
supervisors Eldridge, Nellis and McCabe on 
the $3,500,000 of road monev? 

All the taxpayer who is also a voter gets 
out of it is some valuable experience — an 
object lesson which it is to be hoped he will 
take seriously to heart. It is not often we 
are able to get Republican machine office- 
holders right out in the open where we can 
get a good look at them. 

The supervisors are there — three of them 
— Eldridge, Nellis and McCabe. Take a 
good look at them, and remember well for 
the coming city election. 

* * * 

ALEXANDER THE MAKE-GOOD 



There have been all kinds of Alexanders 
known to history, from Alexander the 
Great, who mussed up Europe and Asia 



three hundred years before Christ, down 
to Allessandfo the Unlucky, who married 

Ramona and got into trouble about a horse 
over on San Jacinto .Mountain, but the lat- 
est addition to the list is our own Alexander 
who has earned his right to he known as 
"Alexander the Make-flood." 

If there is any better title than thai to 
be held by a public official, we don't know 
what it is. The people have established cer- 
tain standards of conduct for those who are 
put in charge of their affairs. They e 
absolute honesty, good busin - judgment, 
patience and good humor, industry, and 
above all a devotion to the interests of the 
people as a whole as against any special in- 
terest, as, for example, that of the utility 
corporations. On the face of it this does not 
seem a great deal to ask, but sad experience 
has taught us that it is a great deal to get. 

When a man fulfills these requirements 
we say that he makes good ; and if ever we 
had the right to say that of any public ser- 
vant in Los Angeles, we certainly have the 
right to say it of George Alexander for the 
five months he has acted as Mayor. 

We question whether any Mayor under 
our present charter has ever served a period 
of five months and met with so little gen- 
uine criticism. We must frankly admit that 
there is a certain element of good luck in 
this, for it happens that no big issue, on 
which the community is divided into fac- 
tions, has been up to Mr. Alexander. But 
there is a difference between the criticism 
that comes through warring opinions and 
that which betokens indignation at neglect 
of duty. It may happen at any time that 
the Mayor must go counter to the opinions 
of great numbers of his fellow citizens; but 
a man with such sincerity of purpose and 
such desire to do justice to all the people 
of the city, is not likely to incur much blame 
for a mere difference of view. Such as he 
is now — as to record — he will be to the end 
of his term, and if he is re-elected, he will 
be to the end of another term. 

The people should re-elect George Alex- 
ander, as he is willing to serve the city two 
years longer. There is no need of any for- 
mal nomination from any quarter — the 
whole procedure is practically automatic. 
Probabaly no sane man wdio under- 
stands local political conditions will 
question that his name will be one of 
the two to come out of the try-out ballot. 
He may even lead the poll, although we 
are ready to recognize the fact that the solid 
concentrated machine vote will be bigger 
than the more or less scattered vote of the 
anti-machine forces. But in the final ballot, 
when his name goes before the people in a 
straight-out contest with the machine candi- 
date, can he win? If he does not, then we 
are sadly off in our estimate of the character 
and sentiments of a majority of the people 
of this city. 

Yes; he will win, and win handsomely, 
and the whole campaign will rest upon these 
four significant words : 

"He has made good." 



PACIFIC OUTLOOK 



THE OTHER STOOL PIGEON 



When Mr. Taxpayer Spenser, who had 
been put forward by the Times as principal 
in a suit to prevent the city from selling its 
school bonds, disposed of his property in 
Los Angeles and announced that he would 
go no further with the suit, the average 
citizen grinned with satisfaction and re- 
marked : 

"The stool-pigeon has come off the 
perch, eh?" 

As a mere matter of abstract justice, it 
is to be hoped that Mr. Spenser was well 
recompensed by those who placed him be- 
fore the people in so unhappy a light. This 
town is just full of men who would not have 
done his stunt for ten thousand dollars. 

Which naturally raises the question as to 
what reward the other stool pigeon is to 
get. Will it be the support of the .Times 
for his aspiration to be Mayor? And this 
raises another interesting question — whether 
the determination to run for Mayor was al- 
ready in his mind, when he began his ex- 
traordinary, and then unaccountable, at- 
tacks on the School Board ; and whether it 
was newspaper political support, rather Lhan 
mere cheap puffing, that he hoped to gain 
through the policy he adopted. 

But for the fact that one of the principals 
to the affair proposes to run for Mayor — 
if a stool-pigeon can be regarded as a prin- 
cipal — -the School Board episode might be 
regarded as .closed. Under the circum- 
stances, however, it is likely to figure more 
or less in the coming- campaign. 

It was in the month of December, 1907, 
that the Times openly attacked Superintend- 
ent Moore — it had merely boycotted him be- 
fore that — and it followed this by occasional 
slurs and insinuations for several months, 
without making any headway. In April, 
1908, there appeared in the Times a long, 
lurid article, full of alleged facts and figures, 
denouncing the Board of Education for ex- 
travagance and mismanagement, winding up 
with the false statement that they would be 
compelled to close the schools, long before 
the usual date, to avoid a tremendous deficit. 
Having failed in its purpose to injure Mr. 
Moore directly, the paper sought to hurt 
him indirectly through the Board. The 
Board promptly accepted the challenge, de- 
clared that they alone were responsible for 
the finances of the schools, and asked an 
investigation. The City Council instructed 
the Auditor, who is now running for Mayor, 
with the apparent support of the Times, to 
make the investigation. 

Now that we can look back over the whole 
episode, it is not hard to guess who had 
supplied the Times with alleged ' figures 
when they wished to make a showing 
against the School Board. Some things that 
seemed very strange then are plain enough 
now. Nor is it difficult to understand why 
a man who was already engaged as partisan 
for the other side should have been any- 
thing but a just and unprejudiced investi- 
ga